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Technical Report #19 - Chelsea Center for Recycling and Economic ...

Technical Report #19 - Chelsea Center for Recycling and Economic ...

AN INVESTIGATION OF THE

AN INVESTIGATION OF THE POTENTIAL TO EXPANDthe Manufacture of Recycled Wood-PlasticComposite Products in MassachusettsThe Forest and Wood Products InstituteMount Wachusett Community CollegeChelsea Center for Recycling and Economic DevelopmentTechnical Research ProgramApril 2000This report has been reviewed by the Chelsea Center for Recycling and Economic Development and approved for publication.Approval does not signify that the contents necessarily reflect the views and policies of the Chelsea Center, nor does themention of trade names or commercial products constitute endorsement or recommendation for use.All rights to this report belong to the Chelsea Center for Recycling and Economic Development. The material may be duplicatedwith permission by contacting the Chelsea Center. This project was funded by EOEA through the Clean Environment Fund,which is comprised of unredeemed bottle deposits.The Chelsea Center for Recycling and Economic Development, a part of the University of Massachusetts’ Center forEnvironmentally Appropriate Materials, was created by the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in 1995 to create jobs, supportrecycling efforts, and help the economy and the environment by increasing the use of recyclables by manufacturers. Themission of the Chelsea Center is to develop an infrastructure for a sustainable materials economy in Massachusetts, wherebusinesses will thrive that rely on locally discarded goods as their feedstock and that minimize pressure on the environment byreducing waste, pollution, dependence on virgin materials, and dependence on disposal facilities. Further information can beobtained by writing the Chelsea Center for Recycling and Economic Development, 180 Second Street, Chelsea, MA 02150.© Chelsea Center for Recycling and Economic Development, University of Massachusetts Lowell

TABLE OF CONTENTSList of Tables.......................................................................................................................... iList of Graphs......................................................................................................................... iiList of Figures ........................................................................................................................ iiDefinitions..............................................................................................................................iiiI. ABSTRACT .............................................................................................................. 1II. INTRODUCTION ..................................................................................................... 11. Background .......................................................................................................... 12. Objectives............................................................................................................. 23. Practical Benefits for End Users .......................................................................... 24. Deliverables.......................................................................................................... 35. Project Procedures................................................................................................ 36. Personnel.............................................................................................................. 3III.IV.TRENDS, VOLUME ESTIMATES, PRODUCERS AND CHARACTER OFWOOD/WASTE/RESIDUES .................................................................................... 41. General................................................................................................................. 42. Wood in Demolition Waste ................................................................................. 53. Wood in Construction Waste ............................................................................... 74. Wood in Municipal Solid Waste.......................................................................... 95. Tree Trimming Materials..................................................................................... 96. Producers of Wood Waste....................................................................................10A. Primary Wood Processors........................................................................10B. Secondary Wood Processors....................................................................127. Wood Waste Summary.........................................................................................14TRENDS, VOLUME ESTIMATES AND CHARACTER OF PLASTICWASTE/RESIDUES..................................................................................................141. Introduction..........................................................................................................142. Overview of the Plastics Industry in Massachusetts............................................143. Pricing of Virgin Vs. Recycled Resins.................................................................15V. WOOD-PLASTIC COMPOSITE PRODUCTS, INDUSTRY DEVELOPMENTAND MARKETS ......................................................................................................171. Industry Development..........................................................................................172. Wood-Thermoplastic Products.............................................................................193. Product Prices.......................................................................................................224. International Trends and Products........................................................................235. Domestic Trends and Products.............................................................................23VI.THE TECHNOLOGY OF WOOD-PLASTIC COMPOSITE MANUFACTURE...261. Overview of Technology......................................................................................262. Recycled Plastics Feedstocks Suitable for Composites .......................................273. Recycled Wood Feedstocks Suitable for Composites..........................................314. Material Preparation.............................................................................................315. Composite Production..........................................................................................346. Availability of Technology..................................................................................36

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