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Adjusting to Trade Liberalization: Reallocation and Labor Market ...

Adjusting to Trade Liberalization: Reallocation and Labor Market ...

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Generated by Foxit PDF Creator © Foxit Softwarehttp://www.foxitsoftware.com For evaluation only.Figure 5 – Manufacturing Workforce Composition across 3-digit Industries in BrazilThe sub-figures plot the employment share of industries at the 3-digit level of ISIC (Rev.2) atdifferent years. Source: UNIDO INDSTAT3 2005·10 −2Employment Share1816141210864201985 1990 1992 1993 1994 1995Food Products(311)Beverages(313)Tobacco(314)Textiles(321)Wearing Apparel(322)Wood Products (except furniture)(331)Furniture (except metal)(332)Paper and Products(341)Printing and Publishing(342)Industrial Chemicals(351)Rubber Products(355)Plastic Products(356)Pottery Products(361)Iron and Steel(371)Non-electrical Machinery (382)Electrical Machinery(383)Transport Equipment(384)Professional and Scientific Equipment(385)Figure 6 – Manufacturing Workforce Composition across 3-digit Industries in BrazilSource: UNIDO INDSTAT3 2005, data for 1986-1989 and 1991 are missing.36

1.45Openness Relative Initial Value1.41.351.31.251.21.151.11.05modeldata11990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997Figure 7 – Openness during the TransitionSource: Openness in the data is measured as ExportsOutput · OutputValue Addedfor manufacturing. Dataon export share of manufacturing output is from Pavcnik et al. (2004). The value addedshare of manufacturing output is from OECD IO Tables. The model unemployment rate isthe yearly average over quarters.1.8Unemployment Relative Initial Value1.71.61.51.41.31.21.1modeldata11990 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997Figure 8 – Unemployment During the TransitionSource: ILO-KILM 2009, male unemployment rate. The values for 1991 and 1994 aremissing in the original data. The initial level of unemployment in 1990 is set as theaverage for 1981-1990 which is equal to 3.6%. For 1994, I report the average of 1993-1995values. The model unemployment rate is the yearly average over quarters.37

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