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(HIRARC), 2008 - Dosh

(HIRARC), 2008 - Dosh

HIRARC• Guidelines for Hazard Identification, Risk Assessment and Risk Control •No.1234Worked exampleScenario 2: Wall exterior plastering workA group of three workers was instructed to do plastering work at exterior wall at first floor of the building. Their work includeserecting working platform, wall plastering with concrete and do clearing work. (Caution: This example may not be applicable tosimilar work in your workplace).HIRARC FORMCompany:Process / Location:Approved by:(Name, designation)Date:3D Construction Eng. Entp.Plastering Work/Exterior Wall.Mr. J(Site Manager)25 Julai 2007Conducted by:(Name, designation)Date: (from... to ...)Review Date:Mr. B (Supervisor), Mr. S & Mr. R (Plasterer)24 Jun 2007 to 30 July 20071. 2.1. Hazard Identification 2. Risk Analysis 3. Risk ControlWork AktivityHazard Which can cause/effectExisting RiskControl(if any)Likelihood Severity RiskRecommendedControlMeasuresPIC(Due date/status)Erect workingplatformUnguardedfloorHead injury / fatalSafety helmet,housekeeping4520(High)1) Fence upper floorexposed edges2) Establish Safe WorkProcedure use JSA1) Muthu/20 Ogos 07 completed2) Ravi/2 Sept 07 completedLoading concreteonto platformUnevenfloorFall of person / broken legHousekeeping,safety shoes4312(medium)Put plank on floor, antislip matMuthu/26 July 07 completedHeavy loadMuscular strain / Back painManual lifting procedure313 (low)Use small containerMuthu/26 July 07 completedPlasteringDefectiveplatformFall from height / fatalSafety belt4520(High)1) Install handrail2) Use new plank asplatformMuthu/26 July 07 completedClearing unused materialHot weatherSharp objectDehydrateFinger cutNilNil11333 (low)3 (low)Provide drinking facilitiesUse leather glove, use toolAhmad to purchase/26 July 07 in progress• Department of Occupational Safety and Health •25

HIRARC• Guidelines for Hazard Identification, Risk Assessment and Risk Control •Example of Hazard Identification TechniqueAPPENDIX EA. Job Hazard AnalysisDefinitionJob Hazard Analysis (JHA) breaks a job or task into specific steps, analyzes each step forspecific hazards, develops safe work procedures to eliminate or reduce those hazards, andintegrates safe work procedures into safety and health programs. JHAs must be developedfor each job or task. Supervisors and workers must complete the JHA together.ProcedureBasic Steps - Job Hazard Analysis is broken down into 6 major steps:a. Select the job task to be analyzed.Prioritize which job tasks to analyze. Those job tasks where accidents and injuriesare occurring should be analyzed first. Look at job tasks where there is a potential forserious injury. Look at new job tasks, these are important if a new process requires thedevelopment of new procedures and job tasksb. Identify the major sequence of steps for each step(Specific job step Description).Once a job task has been chosen, it must be broken down into logical steps. Limit thenumber of steps in a JHA to a manageable number. Most jobs can be described in tenor less steps. The job steps must be kept in their proper sequence to ensure a properanalysis. The opportunity to make recommendations will come later in the analysis.c. Identify the potential hazards for each step (Hazard Identification)Once the job steps have been chosen, the potential hazards for each step can beidentified. Whatever can go wrong may go wrong! What are the potential hazards as aresult of each task step? Is the worker exposed to hazardous chemicals? Is the workersubject to poor workstation design? There may only be one, or there may be a largenumber for each job step.d. Determine preventative measures to protect against the hazards(Required Precautions)i. The most important aspect of the job hazard analysis is to determine preventivemeasures to control or eliminate the identified hazards. What actions must betaken to control or eliminate the hazard?26• Department of Occupational Safety and Health •

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