Views
3 years ago

the role of non-jewish authorities in resolving conflicts within jewish ...

the role of non-jewish authorities in resolving conflicts within jewish ...

62 Moshe

62 Moshe Rosmannon-Jewish courts. The Polish Council of Four Lands could onlyask, not compel, communities outside of Poland to respect its rulings because beyond the reach of the Polish administration it hadno government enforcement mechanism to rely on.19It is understandable, therefore, that in most of the cases citednon-Jewish involvement came after the failure of Jewish institutions to resolve the problem. The rabbis of Jerusalem or Izmircould not prevent the popularity of Shabbetai Zvi. The debateamong the rabbis of Europe with regard to Emden-Eybeshutzwasdeadlocked. The Council of Four Lands' attempt to effect a solution in Amsterdam wasignored. The Mitnagdim banned the Hasidim to no avail. The Jewish elders had obviously failed to preventthe violence against Abraham Markiewicz and could not keep thedispute within the community. The paralysis of the Jewish institutions or their inability to impose meaningful sanctions promptedthe turn to the non-Jews who could make a decision and enforce it.Fourth, non-Jewish involvement demonstrates how much theJews were part of the societies, cultures and polities in which theylived. This point has traditionally been de-emphasized by Jewishhistorians who usually have played up Jewish autonomy and theextent to which Jews wereseparate from the surroundingnonJews.20 Jewish appealsto non-Jewish authorities indicate that theJews understood that their conflicts took place within the largercontext of the law and politics of the state they lived in. Jews recognized that theywereultimately subject to the processes of thiscontext.They also werepartners to the culturalassumptions thatfacilitated communication with non-Jews and enabled non-Jewishintervention in a manner which was understandable, and frequentlyeven sensible, to all concerned. Jews accepted the fundamental moral legitimacy of non-Jewishgoverning institutions and,in many cases, were willingto trust their fairness.The willingness of the non-Jewish authorities to interveneshows that they viewed the Jewish community as an integral partof the polity and Jewish institutions as no more than an arm oftheir administration which happened to be designated to deal withJewish matters. When the authority or capability of this arm wasexceeded, it was natural for a higher level of the same administration to deal with the problem. The clearest example of this is thevarious courts. For Jews, the autonomous Jewish communal courtswere the embodiment of Jewish ethnic identity and bore the auraof hallowed tradition. For the non-Jewish authorities, the Jewishcourts were a low level of the judiciary which handled a definedclass of cases: minor civil matters between Jews. There was nohesitation about hearing other types of cases in non-Jewish courts.

A Toolbox for Managing and Resolving Conflicts
Shared Solutions: A Guide to Preventing and Resolving Conflicts ...
The Role and Aspirations of the Non ... - Equality Authority
a guide to resolving workplace conflicts - ALIS - Government of Alberta
Role of Institutions in Water Conflicts
Chronicle #66 cover - Hebrew Union College - Jewish Institute of ...
the role of non-jewish authorities in resolving conflicts within jewish ...
Resolving conflict
resolving tomorrow's conflicts today: how new developments within
Commonsense Guide to Resolving Conflicts - Kane, Russell ...
Resolving Conflict with Employees in Swine Prod. - Pork Information ...
Resolving Family Conflicts
Options for Resolving Special Education Conflicts - Alaska ...
How to Resolve Conflicts - Ctc
Resolve Your Conflicts - Advantage Performance Group
Using Quality of Context to Resolve Conflicts in - Distributed ...
Resolving family conflicts as a tool for effective management of ...
European Conflicts and Insolvency – resolving uncertainties
collective bargaining as a veritable tool for resolving conflicts in ...
solving problems and resolving conflict using the intercultural ...
Resolving Conflicting International Data Privacy Rules ... - Reidenberg
Resolving File Conflicts in the Ficus File System - UCLA
An Agent-Based Formalization for Resolving Ethical Conflicts
Resolving Conflicts in Highly Reactive Teams - DROPS - Schloss ...
The Role of the Non-Jewish Parent in Blessings for Bar/Bat Mitzvah
learning to resolve conflict - U.S. Coast Guard
Burial of a Non Jewish Spouse and Children - The Rabbinical ...
The Non-Jewish Spouse and Children of a Mixed Marriage in the ...
MGT 415 Week 5 Final Assignment (Avon Consultant Report)