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RES-H statistics - European Renewable Energy Council

RES-H statistics - European Renewable Energy Council

Chapter Four – Biomass

Chapter Four – Biomass - Best available statisticsktoeSmall scale individual heatingsystems for householdsbiomass forheatEfficiency bioheat biomassfor heatMedium and Large scale boiler CHP TotalEfficiencybioheatbiomass forCHPEfficiencyfor heatEfficiencyforelectricitybioheatBioelectricitybiomass forheat andCHPoverallefficiencyAustria 1420 69% 980 655 80% 524 835 55% 25% 459 209 2.910 67% 1.963Belgium 188 50% 94 191 80% 153 379 247Cyprus 0 0 0 0 0Czech Republic 466 50% 233 13 80% 10 125 40% 25% 50 31 604 49% 293Denmark 485 50% 243 478 80% 382 844 40% 25% 338 211 2.030 47% 963Estonia 337 50% 169 88 80% 70 26 40% 25% 10 7 573 0%Finland 1.120 70% 784 450 85% 383 5190 60% 30% 3.114 1.557 6.760 63% 4.281France 7325 40% 2.930 1422 80% 1.138 1276 40% 25% 510 319 10.023 46% 4.578Germany 4.130 63% 2.602 740 78% 577 2140 22% 27% 471 578 7.010 52% 3.650Greece 702 50% 351 80% 0 8 40% 25% 3 2 710 50% 354Hungary 496 50% 248 3 80% 2 22 40% 25% 9 6 521 50% 259Ireland 43 50% 22 80% 0 40% 25% 43 22Italy 3.235 40% 1.294 1.536 85% 1.306 297 78% 20% 232 59 5.068 56% 2.832Latvia 696 50% 348 278 80% 222 3 40% 25% 1 1 977 59% 572Lithuania 432 70% 302 95 85% 81 9 50% 30% 5 3 536 72% 388Luxembourg 15 50% 8 80% 0 40% 25% 15 8Malta 50% 0 80% 0 40% 25% 0 0Netherlands 223 50% 112 80% 0 177 40% 25% 71 44 400 46% 182Poland 2469 50% 1.235 25 80% 20 40% 25% 2.494 1.255Portugal 1158 50% 579 80% 0 922 40% 25% 369 231 2.080 46% 948Slovakia 31 50% 16 7 80% 6 186 40% 25% 74 47 224 43% 96Slovenia 324 50% 162 9 80% 7 84 40% 25% 34 21 417 49% 203Spain 2019 50% 1.010 80% 0 780 40% 25% 312 195 2.799 47% 1.322Sweden 1.101 65% 716 6.552 85% 5.569 360 50% 30% 180 108 8.013 81% 6.465United Kingdom 226 50% 113 59 80% 47 176 40% 25% 70 44 461 50% 231bioheatEU25 28.641 51% 14.547 12.601 83% 10.498 13.460 47% 27% 6.313 3.671 55.047 57% 31.108Biomass forheat only 41.242Table 2 Best available statistics for Biomass (for 2004, in ktoe, thousands of ton oilequivalentIt should be noted that when using Eurostat we can define biomass for heat figures bytaking the biomass as primary energy and by deducing the input to conventional thermalpower stations and liquid biofuels. This is shown in the table below. We obviously havedifferent figures in comparison with the table above but the reliability of the data isquestionable.ktoeBiomass for heat based only on Eurostat (for 2004, in ktoe)Biomass and wastes- Primary productionInput to conventionalthermal powerstations16LiquidbiofuelsBiomass forheatEU 25 71.898 21419 1.982 48.497BE 913 601 - 312CZ 1.324 315 54 955DK 2.154 1207 62 885DE 9.367 3607 936 4.824EE 685 4 - 681EL 953 32 - 921ES 4.853 1149 135 3.569FR 12.007 1878 375 9.754IE 214 22 - 192IT 3.145 1998 286 861CY 5 0 - 5LV 1.866 39 - 1.827LT 706 9 4 693

Chapter Four – Biomass - Best available statisticsLU 59 43 - 16HU 860 234 - 626MT - 0 - -NL 2.175 1794 - 381AT 3.452 656 51 2.745PL 4.126 208 23 3.895PT 2.877 397 - 2.480SI 470 29 - 441SK 385 31 13 341FI 7.556 1976 - 5.580SE 8.883 2838 34 6.011UK 2.863 2352 8 503Table 3 Biomass for heat statistics from Eurostat3 Recommendations to improve quality of statisticsFor future statistics AEBIOM suggests to define as much as possible the source of theinformation and how it has been collected, the type of biomass considered and subsectors.A CogenerationA special notice has to be made for cogeneration. This sector is classified by theCommission within biomass for electricity (in the Biomass Action Plan for example), whatshould be avoided in future. In addition it makes no sense to add biomass for heat andbiomass for cogeneration, so it has to be treated separately (see below). This was not thecase for example for the EurObservEr data that, as a consequence, cannot be used forreliable statistics in terms of biomass for heat.B Biomass for Heat versus Final HeatThis brings the reflection to the final heat. The most important objective for bioenergy is toreplace as much fossil fuels as possible to increase our energy independence. The goal isnot to use as much biomass as possible for heat, cogeneration and electricity.The final energy production has to be considered. Therefore it is recommended to use aclear terminology:InputBiomass for heatBiomass for cogenerationBiomass for electricityTable 4 Suggestion for a clear terminology for bioheatOutputbioheatbioheat and bioelectricitybioelectricity17

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