3 years ago

RES-H statistics - European Renewable Energy Council

RES-H statistics - European Renewable Energy Council

Chapter Five –

Chapter Five – Geothermal - Best available statisticsthermal waters exclusively - which hampers the distribution of most up-to-datetechnologies using shallow depth reserves via heatpumps or deeper closed-circuit heatexchangerfluids.EGEC recommends that geothermal energy should be defined as the energy in form ofheat beneath the surface of the solid earth, in all data collection.Unified conversion methodologyAn important topic concerns the adoption of a unified conversion methodology forgeothermal installations and notably heat pumps (GSHP). For GSHP, also a unifiedapproach to count only the heat from the ground and to exclude the auxiliary power fromthe supply values should be found.To conclude, we need an EU-wide harmonised methodology to convert data into energyunits, and to increase resources for RES-H statistics at national level and Eurostat/IEA.Development of InventoriesThe development of national dynamic inventories of geothermal energy as to beingcapable of registering annual changes and allowing country-scale modelling is highlyrecommended. To make such inventories comparable on a pan-European level a commonbasic methodology shall be elaborated, preferably via the assistance of Community levelprofessional associations, e.g. EGEC, EuroGeoSurveys.For the heat pump sector, EGEC suggests that each country realises a survey on salesfigures. This survey will permit to know the new installations. Moreover for old installations,we have to compare data from all entities implied: national authority in charge of licensing or financing the drillers the heat pumps companies the energy agenciesThe licensing process for drilling as measurement of new installations is actually themethodology done in Switzerland with good success.For the district heating, agricultural and industrial applications EGEC recommends tocollect and compare data from: drillers public communication public authorities geothermal associations energy agencies24

Chapter Six – Best available statistics for RES-H in EuropeCHAPTER SIXBEST AVAILABLE STATISTICS FOR RES-H IN EUROPECountry Solar Thermal Bioheat* Geothermal Total2005 2004 2004ktoe ktoe ktoe ktoeAT Austria 100 1.963 81 2.114BE Belgium 3 247 10 259CY Cyprus 22 0 15CZ Czech Republic 3 293 29 324DE Germany 282 3.650 140 3.987DK Denmark 14 963 10 983EE Estonia 0 3 3ES Spain 23 1.322 8 1.346FI Finland 1 4.281 47 4.328FR France 17 4.578 207 4.797GR Greece 131 354 14 460HU Hungary 0 259 190 449IE Ireland 0 22 2 24IT Italy 22 2.832 213 3.061LT Latvia 0 572 572LU Luxembourg 1 8 8LV Lithuania 0 388 11 399MT Malta 1 0 1NL Netherlands 13 182 16 207PL Poland 6 1.255 20 1.279PT Portugal 7 948 9 962SE Sweden 9 6.465 860 7.331SI Slovenia 4 203 17 223SK Slovakia 3 96 72 170UK United Kingdom 8 231 2 239Total 670 31.108 1.961 33.538Table 6 Best available statistics for RES HEAT in Europe* according to definition in chapter 2.25

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