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Population, Poverty and Environment Population, Poverty ... - IUCN

Population, Poverty and Environment Population, Poverty ... - IUCN

institutions play in

institutions play in conservation and development has been outlined in manyb a c k g round papers, we will briefly name these below:m N A Planning and Development Departmentm F o rest Department of NAm A g r i c u l t u re Departmentm Livestock Departmentm Fisheries Departmentm Health Departmentm Population planning and services6 . 4 . Federal Government InstitutionsAt the Federal level several ministries have a stake in environmental conservationand development in NA. The most important ministry and government institutionat the moment happens to be the Ministry of Finance and Planning Commission asthey are jointly preparing the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper. This documentre p resents a key to providing an enabling national environment to address povertyand environment linkages in mountain areas. Below, again, we name theseinstitutions as other papers have elaborated their stakes and roles:m Ministry of Finance and Economic A ff a i r sm Planning Commissionm Ministry of Environment, Local Government and Rural Development( M E L G R D )m Ministry of Kashmir and Northern A reas A ff a i r sm Ministry of A g r i c u l t u re6 . 5 . Global Level Institutions40As the Biodiversity paper mentions, there are several international institutionswith a stake in maintaining the state of biodiversity in NA. A number ofinternational agencies and multilateral donors have been involved in biodiversityconservation activities in the region. There are similarly a number of internationalagencies with a stake in alleviating poverty in the NA: These org a n i s a t i o n si n c l u d e :m International Fund for A g r i c u l t u re Developmentm The World Bankm World Health Org a n i s a t i o nm Global Environment Facilitym United Nations Development Pro g r a m m em E u ropean Unionm NORADm Department for International Developmentm Aga Khan Development Network

7. THE WAY AHEADIn section 3, we have highlighted a complex set of causes of poverty andenvironmental degradation. This section, the way ahead, is meant as a way toaddress both simultaneously. Although the programmes (e.g., AKRSP) and projects(e.g., MACP) currently underway are integral part of a future strategy, we will notrepeat these initiatives here. Key aspects of this strategy need to also consider thefollowing policy and programme components at different levels:7.1. Macro and Regional level Interventions7.1.1. Governance Aspects – Enabling policies, legislationmmmmmmmmand institutionsC reating a favourable enabling environment by integrating povertyenvironmentissues in IPRSP and major national and regional developmentframeworksDevelop processes to integrate poverty-environment issues that matter to thepoor into sectoral policies and plansDevelop more equitable decision-making mechanisms and participatory policyprocesses that ensure effective participation of the poor and marginalizedgroupsIncorporate gender related issues in IPRSP and major national and regionaldevelopment frameworksDevelop tools and incentives that address market, policy and institutionalfailures and make conservation and/or sustainable use viableThe issue is not simply good governance rather what incentives can bedeveloped for good governance and capacity strengthening at the regionallevelsDevelop laws and legislation to address access and property rights especiallyaround protected areas and forestsDevelop programmes for poverty-environment monitoring assessment417.1.2. Economic Aspectsm Pursue a development path, which is consistent with greater natural capitalmmmmand human development - Improve quality of growthIntegrate poverty-environment issues in economic policy and decision-makingDevelop and national and regional accounting systems that re f l e c tenvironmental valuesAssess and reform subsidies that are environmentally-damaging and hurt thepoorUse direct regulation of activities, including bans, in order to protect theenvironment and the poor

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