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Universal-MigrationHRlaw-PG-no-6-Publications-PractitionersGuide-2014-eng

Universal-MigrationHRlaw-PG-no-6-Publications-PractitionersGuide-2014-eng

206 | PRACTITIONERS

206 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6the person should be accommodated in a specialist psychiatric ward ina detention centre. 777Irrespective of the place of detention, inadequate mental healthcare,alone or in combination with other inappropriate conditions of detention,can constitute or lead to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment. 778 Inassessing whether detention or conditions of detention of a mentally illperson amount to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, account mustbe taken of such persons’ vulnerability, and their inability, in some cases,to complain coherently or effectively about how they are affected. 779b) People with disabilitiesBoth ICCPR Article 10 and ECHR Article 3 have been found to requirethat, where disabled people are detained, measures are taken to ensurethat conditions of detention are appropriate to their level of disability. 780Under Article 14 CRPD, States parties must “ensure that if persons withdisabilities are deprived of their liberty they are, on an equal basis withothers, entitled to guarantees in accordance with international humanrights law and shall be treated in compliance with the objectives andprinciples of this Convention, including by provision of reasonable accommodation.”Article 2 of that Convention defines reasonable accommodationas “all means necessary and appropriate modification andadjustments not imposing a disproportionate or undue burden, whereneeded in a particular case, to ensure to persons with disabilities theenjoyment or exercise on an equal basis with others of all human rightsand fundamental freedoms.”c) Survivors of TortureGiven that detained asylum seekers include those who have been victimsof torture, international standards recommend that the authoritiesshould screen detainees at the outset of their detention to identify victimsof torture or other trauma, whose situation may warrant accommodationoutside of detention (see, above, Section 6), or where they777 Recommendation R(1998)7 of the Committee of Ministers to member states concerning theethical and organisational aspects of health care in prison, adopted by the Committee ofMinisters on 8 April 1998 at the 627 th meeting of the Ministers’ Deputies: prisoners sufferingfrom serious mental disturbance should be kept and cared for in a hospital facility which isadequately equipped and possesses appropriately trained staff.778 Musial v. Poland, ECtHR, Application No. 28300/06, Judgment of 20 January 2009, para. 96;Madafferi and Madafferi v. Australia, CCPR, op. cit., fn. 460, where the applicant was returnedto immigration detention against the advice of doctors and psychiatrists, found thatthe decision was not based on a proper assessment of the circumstances of the case andwas in violation of Article 10.1 ICCPR.779 Ibid., para. 87.780 Price v. United Kingdom, ECtHR, Application No. 33394/96, Judgment of 10 July 2001, paras.25–30; Farbthus v. Latvia, ECtHR, op. cit., fn. 700, para. 56; Hamilton v. Jamaica, CCPR,Communication No. 616/1995, Views of 23 July 1999.

MIGRATION AND INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS LAW | 207are detained, may require a different type of detention facility, or particularservices or healthcare. 781 Such screening will assist in ensuringthat the authorities meet international human rights law obligationsto provide appropriate conditions of detention or accommodation, andphysical and mental healthcare for such persons.d) ChildrenIn any exceptional cases where children are detained (see, Section 6.a,above, in relation to appropriateness of detention), whether they areunaccompanied or with their families, the conditions of detention mustbe appropriate and the best interests of the child must guide all decisionsconcerning the detention. 782 The Committee on the Rights ofthe Child’s General Comment on the Treatment of Unaccompanied andSeparated Children Outside their Country of Origin 783 states that “in theexceptional case of detention, conditions of detention must be governedby the best interests of the child . . . Special arrangements must be madefor living quarters that are suitable for children and that separate themfrom adults, unless it is considered in the child’s best interests not to doso. . . . Facilities should not be located in isolated areas where culturallyappropriate community resources and access to legal aid are unavailable.Children should have the opportunity to make regular contact andreceive visits from friends, relatives, religious, social and legal counseland their guardian. They should also be provided with the opportunityto receive all basic necessities as well as appropriate medical treatmentand psychological counselling where necessary. . . . In order to effectivelysecure the rights provided by article 37(d) of the Convention,unaccompanied or separated children deprived of their liberty shall beprovided with prompt and free access to legal and other appropriateassistance, including the assignment of a legal representative.” 784i) Education in immigration detentionChildren detained for immigration purposes continue to enjoy a rightto education, which must be provided to them on an equal basis withchildren who are at liberty, and without discrimination on grounds of781 UNHCR Guidelines on Detention, op. cit., fn. 633, Guideline 10(i); RecommendationR(1998)7, CMCE, op. cit., fn. 777, para. 12: “asylum seekers should be screened at theoutset of their detention to identify torture victims and traumatised persons among them sothat appropriate treatment and conditions can be provided for them”. See also, EuropeanGuidelines on accelerated asylum procedures, CMCE, op. cit., fn. 119, Guideline XI.3 “inthose cases where other vulnerable persons are detained, they should be provided withadequate assistance and support.”782 Article 3(a) CRC.783 CRC, General Comment No. 6, op. cit., fn. 138, para. 63.784 See also, Concluding Observations on Cyprus, CESCR, UN Doc. E/C.12/CYP/CO/5, 12 June2009, para. 22, expressing concern at inadequate conditions for children in immigration detention;Concluding Observations on Australia, CRC, op. cit., fn. 707, paras. 62(b) and 64(c).

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    ISBN 978-92-9037-151-X

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