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Universal-MigrationHRlaw-PG-no-6-Publications-PractitionersGuide-2014-eng

Universal-MigrationHRlaw-PG-no-6-Publications-PractitionersGuide-2014-eng

274 | PRACTITIONERS

274 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6• the right to a decent living for workers and their families(Article 7(a)(ii));• the right to safe and healthy working conditions (Article 7(b));• the right to equal opportunity for everyone to be promoted inhis or her employment to an appropriate higher level, subject tono considerations other than those of seniority and competence(Article 7(c));• the right to rest, leisure and reasonable limitation of workinghours and periodic holidays with pay, as well as remuneration forpublic holidays (Article 7(d));• the right to non-discrimination in the realisation of all the componentsof the right to work and of workplace rights (Articles 6and 7, read together with Article 2.2). 1148The Inter-American Court has identified within the minimum core of labourrights “the prohibition of obligatory or forced labor; the prohibitionand abolition of child labor; special care for women workers, and therights corresponding to: freedom of association and to organize andjoin a trade union, collective negotiation, fair wages for work performed,social security, judicial and administrative guarantees, a working day ofreasonable length with adequate working conditions (safety and health),rest and compensation.” 1149 It has noted that the safeguard of theserights for migrants is essential, based on the principle of the inalienablenature of such rights, which all workers possess, irrespective of theirmigratory status, and also the fundamental principle of human dignityembodied in Article 1 of the Universal Declaration. 1150The European Social Charter (revised) includes the right to just conditionsof work, 1151 the right to safe and healthy working conditions, 1152the right to a fair remuneration, 1153 the right to protection in cases oftermination of employment, 1154 the right of workers to the protectionof their claims in the event of the insolvency of their employer, 1155 theright to dignity at work, 1156 and the right of workers with family re-1148 See also, article 7, Protocol of San Salvador; Articles 1, 2, 3 and 4 ESC(r); Articles 30 and31, EU Charter.1149 Advisory Opinion on Undocumented Migrants, IACtHR, op. cit., fn. 33, para. 157.1150 See, ibid., para. 157.1151 Article 2, ESC(r).1152 Article 3, ibid.1153 Article 4, ibid.1154 Article 24, ibid.1155 Article 25, ibid.1156 Article 26, ibid.

MIGRATION AND INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS LAW | 275sponsibilities to equal opportunities and equal treatment. 1157 However,these provisions of the European Social Charter (revised) cover onlynationals of other Parties lawfully resident or working regularly withinthe territory of the Party concerned, i.e. States that are party to theEuropean Social Charter, without prejudice to the rights of refugeesor stateless persons under the Geneva Refugee Convention and theStatelessness Convention 1954. 1158 Nevertheless, those States whichhave accepted the obligations contained in Article 19 ESC have undertaken“to secure for [migrant] workers lawfully within their territories,insofar as such matters are regulated by law or regulationsor are subject to the control of administrative authorities, treatmentnot less favourable than that of their own nationals in respect of [. . .]remuneration and other employment and working conditions [and] tosecure for such workers lawfully within their territories treatment notless favourable than that of their own nationals with regard to employmenttaxes, dues or contributions payable in respect of employedpersons”. 1159One of the main means by which migrants’ workplace rights are impairedis the withholding of their documents by private actors, whetheremployers, family members or others, as it creates a bond of dependencyof the migrant towards the documents’ withholder, andimpedes migrants’ access to their rights, including their labour rights.This practice has been addressed by several treaty bodies. 1160 Forexample, CEDAW has urged States to ensure that employers and recruitersdo not confiscate or destroy travel or identity documents andto train law enforcement officers to protect against such abuses. 1161The practice is also addressed by Article 21 of the ICRMW which provides:“It shall be unlawful for anyone, other than a public official dulyauthorized by law, to confiscate, destroy or attempt to destroy identitydocuments, documents authorizing entry to or stay, residence orestablishment in the national territory or work permits. No authorizedconfiscation of such documents shall take place without delivery of adetailed receipt. In no case shall it be permitted to destroy the pass-1157 Article 27, ibid.1158 Appendix to the European Social Charter (Revised), Scope of the Revised European SocialCharter in terms of persons protected.1159 Article 19.4–5 ESC(r).1160 See, Concluding Observations on the Republic of Korea, CCPR, UN Doc. CCPR/C/KOR/CO/3,28 November 2006, para. 12; Concluding Observations on Japan, CCPR, op. cit., fn. 517,para. 24; Concluding Observations on Kuwait, CESCR, UN Doc. E/C.12/1/Add.98, 7 June2004, para. 17; Concluding Observations on Lebanon, CERD, Report of the Committeeon Elimination of Racial Discrimination to the General Assembly, 53 rd Session, UN Doc.A/53/18 (1998), p. 42, paras. 175 and 184; Concluding Observations on Italy, CERD,UN Doc. CERD/C/ITA/CO/15, 16 May 2008, para. 17; Concluding Observations on SyrianArab Republic, CMW, UN Doc. CMW/C/SYR/CO/1, 2 May 2008, paras. 31–32.1161 CEDAW, General Recommendation No. 26, op. cit., fn. 8, para. 26(d).

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    ISBN 978-92-9037-151-X

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