Views
3 years ago

Universal-MigrationHRlaw-PG-no-6-Publications-PractitionersGuide-2014-eng

Universal-MigrationHRlaw-PG-no-6-Publications-PractitionersGuide-2014-eng

282 | PRACTITIONERS

282 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6any other form alleged to represent legal tender, shall be prohibited.” 1197Under the Convention, wages must be paid directly and regularly to theworker concerned except as may be otherwise provided by national lawsor regulations and employers are prohibited from limiting in any mannerthe freedom of the worker to dispose of his or her wages. 1198 States arerequired to pursue measures to “promote [. . .] equality of opportunityand treatment in respect of employment and occupation, with a view toeliminating any discrimination in respect thereof”, 1199 including discriminationbased on “race, colour, sex, religion, political opinion, nationalextraction or social origin”. 1200 In addition, the Convention specifies thatwages and salaries shall respect the principle of equal remuneration formen and women workers for work of equal value. 1201The particular issue of women workers’ remuneration has also beenaddressed in human rights instruments and by a number of the humanrights bodies. For example Article 11(d) of CEDAW specifies that Statesshould ensure the right of women, “to equal remuneration, includingbenefits, and to equal treatment in respect of work of equal value, aswell as equality of treatment in the evaluation of the quality of work.”CEDAW has underlined women’s right to remuneration, specifying that“unpaid work constitutes a form of women’s exploitation that is contraryto the Convention”. For its part CESCR has noted that rights tojust and favourable conditions of work under Article 7 of the ICESCRrequire States to “identify and eliminate the underlying causes of paydifferentials, such as gender-biased job evaluation or the perceptionthat productivity differences between men and women exist . . . adoptlegislation that prescribes equal consideration in promotion, non-wagecompensation and equal opportunity and support for vocational or professionaldevelopment in the workplace.” 1202b) The right to rest and leisureThe right to rest and leisure is recognised by the CESCR and severalILO instruments. ILO Conventions state that a worker must benefit in1197 Art. 3.1, Protection of Wages Convention (C95), ILO, adopted on 1 July 1949. The Conventionprovides also with more detailed provisions. We will report here only those of a generalcharacter.1198 Articles 5, 6, 12.1, ibid.1199 Article 2, Discrimination (Employment and Occupation) Convention (C111), ILO, adopted on25 June 1958.1200 Article 1(a), ibid.1201 Equal Remuneration Convention (C100), ILO, adopted on 29 June 1951. See, GeneralRecommendation No. 13, Equal remuneration for work of equal value, CEDAW, U.N. Doc.HRI/GEN/1/Rev.9 (Vol.II), 1989; General Recommendation No. 16, Unpaid women workersin rural and urban family enterprises, CEDAW, U.N. Doc. HRI/GEN/1/Rev.9 (Vol.II), 1991,after articles 2(c) and 11(c), (d) and (e) CEDAW.1202 CESCR, General comment No. 16, op. cit., fn. 22, paras. 23–24. The same standards areobligations under Article 11.1(a), (b), (c), (d) CEDAW; Article 4.3 ESC(r).

MIGRATION AND INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS LAW | 283every period of seven days from a period of rest comprising at least24 consecutive hours, 1203 and that, as a principle, the work-time shallnot exceed eight hours in the day and forty-eight hours in the week. 1204Other Conventions address requirements for paid holidays. 1205 TheEuropean Social Charter (revised) provides for a right to a minimum offour weeks of paid holidays per year. 1206 The ADRDM provides for a rightto leisure time, although it does not spell out any precise conditions. 1207Several ILO Conventions deal with specific aspects of the right to safeand healthy working conditions. 1208c) Termination of employmentThe ILO Termination of Employment Convention (No. 158) of 1982 providesfor obligations regarding the end of the employment relationshipat the initiative of the employer. This Convention has not yet met withwide ratification. 1209 Nevertheless, its content might be used by otherinternational human rights authorities in consideration of the State’sobligations relating to the right to work and the prohibition of unfairdismissal. 1210 The basic principle is that “[t]he employment of a workershall not be terminated unless there is a valid reason for such terminationconnected with the capacity or conduct of the worker or basedon the operational requirements of the undertaking, establishment or1203 Weekly Rest (Industry) Convention (C14), ILO, adopted on 17 November 1921; Weekly Rest(Commerce and Offices) Convention (C106), ILO, Adopted on 26 June 1957.1204 See, Article 2, Hours of Work (Industry) Convention (C1), ILO, Adopted on 28 November1919; Article 3, Hours of Work (Commerce and Offices) Convention (C30), ILO, adopted on28 June 1930.1205 Holidays with Pay Convention (Revised) (C132), ILO, adopted on 24 June 1970 (6 daysper year—ratified 40, denounced 14); Holidays with Pay (Sea) Convention (C54), ILO,adopted on 24 October 1936 (9 to 12 days/year—ratified 4, denounced 2); Holidays with Pay(Agriculture) Convention (C101), ILO, adopted on 26 June 1952 (ratified 34, denounced 12);Holidays with Pay Convention (Revised), (C132), ILO, adopted on 24 June 1970 (3 weeks—ratified 35).1206 Article 2.3 ESC(r).1207 Article XV ADRDM.1208 Benzene Convention (C136), ILO, adopted on 23 June 1971; Occupational Cancer Convention(C139), ILO, adopted on 24 June 1974; Working Environment (Air Pollution, Noise andVibration) Convention (C148), ILO, Adopted on 20 June 1977; Occupational Safety andHealth Convention (C155), ILO, adopted on 22 June 1981; Protocol of 2002 to the OccupationalSafety and Health Convention (P155), ILO, adopted on 20 June 1981; OccupationalHealth Services Convention (C161), ILO, adopted on 25 June 1985; Asbestos Convention(C162), ILO, adopted on 24 June 1986; Chemicals Convention (C170), ILO, adopted on25 June 1990; Prevention of Major Industrial Accidents Convention (C174), ILO, adoptedon 22 June 1993; Safety and Health in Mines Convention (C176), ILO, adopted on 22 June1995; Safety and Health in Agriculture Convention (C184), ILO, adopted on 21 June 2001.See, an application of the correspondent Article 2.4 ESC(r) in STTK ry and They ry v. Finland,ECSR, Complaint No. 10/2000, Merits, 17 October 2001.1209 As of January 2014 there were 35 State Parties, see http://www.ilo.org/dyn/normlex/en/f?p=NORMLEXPUB:12100:0::NO::P12100_INSTRUMENT_ID:312303.1210 Article 7(d), Protocol of San Salvador; Article 24 ESC(r); Article 13(c), Protocol to the ACHPRon the Rights of Women in Africa; Article 11.2(a), CEDAW; Article 54.1(a) ICRMW.

  • Page 1 and 2:

    Migration andInternational Human Ri

  • Page 3 and 4:

    Migration andInternational Human Ri

  • Page 5 and 6:

    MIGRATION AND INTERNATIONAL HUMAN R

  • Page 7 and 8:

    MIGRATION AND INTERNATIONAL HUMAN R

  • Page 9 and 10:

    MIGRATION AND INTERNATIONAL HUMAN R

  • Page 11 and 12:

    MIGRATION AND INTERNATIONAL HUMAN R

  • Page 13 and 14:

    MIGRATION AND INTERNATIONAL HUMAN R

  • Page 15 and 16:

    MIGRATION AND INTERNATIONAL HUMAN R

  • Page 17 and 18:

    MIGRATION AND INTERNATIONAL HUMAN R

  • Page 19 and 20:

    MIGRATION AND INTERNATIONAL HUMAN R

  • Page 21 and 22:

    MIGRATION AND INTERNATIONAL HUMAN R

  • Page 23 and 24:

    MIGRATION AND INTERNATIONAL HUMAN R

  • Page 25 and 26:

    MIGRATION AND INTERNATIONAL HUMAN R

  • Page 27 and 28:

    MIGRATION AND INTERNATIONAL HUMAN R

  • Page 29 and 30:

    MIGRATION AND INTERNATIONAL HUMAN R

  • Page 31 and 32:

    MIGRATION AND INTERNATIONAL HUMAN R

  • Page 33 and 34:

    MIGRATION AND INTERNATIONAL HUMAN R

  • Page 35 and 36:

    MIGRATION AND INTERNATIONAL HUMAN R

  • Page 37 and 38:

    MIGRATION AND INTERNATIONAL HUMAN R

  • Page 39 and 40:

    MIGRATION AND INTERNATIONAL HUMAN R

  • Page 41 and 42:

    MIGRATION AND INTERNATIONAL HUMAN R

  • Page 43 and 44:

    MIGRATION AND INTERNATIONAL HUMAN R

  • Page 45 and 46:

    MIGRATION AND INTERNATIONAL HUMAN R

  • Page 47 and 48:

    MIGRATION AND INTERNATIONAL HUMAN R

  • Page 49:

    MIGRATION AND INTERNATIONAL HUMAN R

  • Page 52 and 53:

    36 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6of ri

  • Page 54 and 55:

    38 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6the i

  • Page 56 and 57:

    40 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6• A

  • Page 58 and 59:

    42 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6heigh

  • Page 60 and 61:

    44 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6worke

  • Page 62 and 63:

    46 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6activ

  • Page 64 and 65:

    48 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6rent

  • Page 66 and 67:

    50 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6CHAPT

  • Page 68 and 69:

    52 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6terri

  • Page 70 and 71:

    54 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6the U

  • Page 72 and 73:

    56 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6The A

  • Page 74 and 75:

    58 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6ii) G

  • Page 76 and 77:

    60 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6gende

  • Page 78 and 79:

    62 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6Note

  • Page 80 and 81:

    64 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6A lim

  • Page 82 and 83:

    66 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6The U

  • Page 84 and 85:

    68 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6Box 3

  • Page 86 and 87:

    70 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6be su

  • Page 88 and 89:

    72 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6right

  • Page 90 and 91:

    74 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6the a

  • Page 92 and 93:

    76 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6isfy

  • Page 94 and 95:

    78 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6In pa

  • Page 96 and 97:

    80 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6and i

  • Page 98 and 99:

    82 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6It is

  • Page 100 and 101:

    84 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6Under

  • Page 102 and 103:

    86 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6lies

  • Page 104 and 105:

    88 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6the p

  • Page 106 and 107:

    90 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6evolv

  • Page 108 and 109:

    92 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6also

  • Page 110 and 111:

    94 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6permi

  • Page 112 and 113:

    96 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6es in

  • Page 114 and 115:

    98 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6State

  • Page 116 and 117:

    100 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 65. S

  • Page 118 and 119:

    102 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6Unde

  • Page 120 and 121:

    104 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6tion

  • Page 122 and 123:

    106 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6they

  • Page 124 and 125:

    108 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6CHAP

  • Page 126 and 127:

    110 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6has

  • Page 128 and 129:

    112 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6for

  • Page 130 and 131:

    114 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6prot

  • Page 132 and 133:

    116 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6to s

  • Page 134 and 135:

    118 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6ment

  • Page 136 and 137:

    120 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6also

  • Page 138 and 139:

    122 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6nati

  • Page 140 and 141:

    124 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6(iv)

  • Page 142 and 143:

    126 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6char

  • Page 144 and 145:

    128 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6In t

  • Page 146 and 147:

    130 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6this

  • Page 148 and 149:

    132 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6thro

  • Page 150 and 151:

    134 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6In t

  • Page 152 and 153:

    136 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6proh

  • Page 154 and 155:

    138 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6mate

  • Page 156 and 157:

    140 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6just

  • Page 158 and 159:

    142 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6“p

  • Page 160 and 161:

    144 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 63. t

  • Page 162 and 163:

    146 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6Furt

  • Page 164 and 165:

    148 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6poss

  • Page 166 and 167:

    150 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6CHAP

  • Page 168 and 169:

    152 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6proc

  • Page 170 and 171:

    154 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6the

  • Page 172 and 173:

    156 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6expu

  • Page 174 and 175:

    158 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6Box

  • Page 176 and 177:

    160 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6•

  • Page 178 and 179:

    162 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6have

  • Page 180 and 181:

    164 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6At t

  • Page 182 and 183:

    166 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6Box

  • Page 184 and 185:

    168 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6The

  • Page 186 and 187:

    170 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6exec

  • Page 188 and 189:

    172 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6huma

  • Page 190 and 191:

    174 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6“i

  • Page 192 and 193:

    176 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6Arti

  • Page 194 and 195:

    178 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6to r

  • Page 196 and 197:

    180 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6suff

  • Page 198 and 199:

    182 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6Righ

  • Page 200 and 201:

    184 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6•

  • Page 202 and 203:

    186 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6vent

  • Page 204 and 205:

    188 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6One

  • Page 206 and 207:

    190 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6tion

  • Page 208 and 209:

    192 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6orde

  • Page 210 and 211:

    194 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6ICCP

  • Page 212 and 213:

    196 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6gans

  • Page 214 and 215:

    198 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6one

  • Page 216 and 217:

    200 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6his

  • Page 218 and 219:

    202 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6For

  • Page 220 and 221:

    204 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6c) A

  • Page 222 and 223:

    206 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6the

  • Page 224 and 225:

    208 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6race

  • Page 226 and 227:

    210 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6ing

  • Page 228 and 229:

    212 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6left

  • Page 230 and 231:

    214 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6judi

  • Page 232 and 233:

    216 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6b) R

  • Page 234 and 235:

    218 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6upon

  • Page 236 and 237:

    220 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6well

  • Page 238 and 239:

    222 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6•

  • Page 240 and 241:

    224 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6Wher

  • Page 242 and 243:

    226 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6CHAP

  • Page 244 and 245:

    228 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6This

  • Page 246 and 247:

    230 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6The

  • Page 248 and 249: 232 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6law
  • Page 250 and 251: 234 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6a re
  • Page 252 and 253: 236 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6Huma
  • Page 254 and 255: 238 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6the
  • Page 256 and 257: 240 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6same
  • Page 258 and 259: 242 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6civi
  • Page 260 and 261: 244 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6As f
  • Page 262 and 263: 246 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6priv
  • Page 264 and 265: 248 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6•
  • Page 266 and 267: 250 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6has
  • Page 268 and 269: 252 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6The
  • Page 270 and 271: 254 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6allo
  • Page 272 and 273: 256 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6stre
  • Page 274 and 275: 258 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6is c
  • Page 276 and 277: 260 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6educ
  • Page 278 and 279: 262 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6CHAP
  • Page 280 and 281: 264 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6ther
  • Page 282 and 283: 266 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6not
  • Page 284 and 285: 268 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6•
  • Page 286 and 287: 270 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6also
  • Page 288 and 289: 272 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6Wher
  • Page 290 and 291: 274 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6•
  • Page 292 and 293: 276 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6port
  • Page 294 and 295: 278 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6The
  • Page 296 and 297: 280 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6irre
  • Page 300 and 301: 284 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6serv
  • Page 302 and 303: 286 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6d) P
  • Page 304 and 305: 288 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6Cent
  • Page 306 and 307: 290 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6ANNE
  • Page 308 and 309: 292 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6ANNE
  • Page 310 and 311: 294 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6of w
  • Page 312 and 313: 296 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6Amer
  • Page 314 and 315: 298 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6righ
  • Page 316 and 317: 300 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6of a
  • Page 318 and 319: 302 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6a re
  • Page 320 and 321: 304 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6prov
  • Page 322 and 323: 306 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6one,
  • Page 324 and 325: 308 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6When
  • Page 326 and 327: 310 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6Ther
  • Page 328 and 329: 312 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6•
  • Page 330 and 331: 314 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6the
  • Page 332 and 333: 316 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6dire
  • Page 334 and 335: 318 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6II.
  • Page 336 and 337: 320 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6Comm
  • Page 338 and 339: 322 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6Admi
  • Page 340 and 341: 324 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6fina
  • Page 342 and 343: 326 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 63. E
  • Page 344 and 345: 328 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6asks
  • Page 346 and 347: 330 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6The
  • Page 348 and 349:

    332 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6subm

  • Page 350 and 351:

    334 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6ligh

  • Page 352 and 353:

    336 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6The

  • Page 354 and 355:

    338 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6a) B

  • Page 356 and 357:

    340 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6resp

  • Page 358 and 359:

    342 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6Spec

  • Page 360:

    344 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6(d)

  • Page 364:

    ISBN 978-92-9037-151-X

Universal-MigrationHRlaw-PG-no-6-Publications-PractitionersGuide-2014-eng
Universal-ESCR-PG-no-8-Publications-Practitioners-guide-2014-eng
Universal-PG-11-Asylum-Claims-SOGI-Publications-Practitioners-Guide-Series-2016-ENG
Universal-PG-13-Judicial-Accountability-Publications-Reports-Practitioners-Guide-2016-ENG
Universal-PG-13-Judicial-Accountability-Publications-Reports-Practitioners-Guide-2016-ENG
Universal-Fight-against-impunity-PG-no7-comp-Publications-Practitioners-guide-series-2015-ENG
A-Picture-of-the-Nation-2014-Eng
dcu-pg-prospectus-2014
rapport-report-2013-2014-eng
pg. 6 - SAIF Corporation
pg. 6-7 pg.9 - YAMAHA MOTOR CANADA
Universal-Womens-accesss-to-justice-Publications-Practitioners-Guide-Series-2016-ENG
Universal-Womens-accesss-to-justice-Publications-Practitioners-Guide-Series-2016-ENG
The Bangkok Five: Ordinary People Pg. 6 - The Buzz
rkwap-paepres-2014-03-draft-ebauche-eng
European-Tobacco-Control-Status-Report-2014-Eng
PG Coursework - School of Mathematics and Physics - University of ...
Operation Combined Eagle soars pg 6 - Hurlburt Field
5RiversArtWalk-guide-2014-6-FINAL