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Universal-MigrationHRlaw-PG-no-6-Publications-PractitionersGuide-2014-eng

Universal-MigrationHRlaw-PG-no-6-Publications-PractitionersGuide-2014-eng

328 | PRACTITIONERS

328 | PRACTITIONERS GUIDE No. 6asks whether the parties are interested in a friendly settlement. TheCommission may carry out on-site investigations and may call for ahearing. 1454 The Commission then deliberates on the merits of the case.If the Commission establishes that there has been no violation in a givencase, it indicates this in its report on the merits. The report will betransmitted to the parties, and published in the Commission’s AnnualReport to the OAS General Assembly. If the Commission establishes oneor more violations, it prepares a preliminary report with the proposalsand recommendations it deems pertinent and transmits it to the Statein question. In so doing, the Commission sets a deadline by which theState in question must report on the measures adopted to comply withthe recommendations. The State is not authorised to publish the reportuntil the Commission has adopted a decision in this respect. TheCommission notifies the petitioner of the adoption of the report and itstransmission to the State. In the case of States Parties to the AmericanConvention that have accepted the contentious jurisdiction of the Inter-American Court, upon notifying the petitioner, the Commission giveshim or her one month to present his or her position as to whether thecase should be submitted to the Court. 1455Friendly settlement: The American Convention provides that “theCommission shall place itself at the disposal of the parties concernedwith a view to reaching a friendly settlement of the matter on the basisof respect for the human rights recognized in this Convention”. 1456However, in the period after the initial submissions on the merits, theCommission gives a time for the parties to express their interest in usingthe friendly settlement procedure. 1457 All friendly settlements mustbe based on respect for the human rights recognised in the ACHR, theADRDM, and other relevant instruments. 1458 If a settlement is reached,the Commission adopts a report with a brief statement of the factsand the solution reached, which it shall transmit to the parties andpublish. 1459Referral of the case to the Court: If the State in question hasaccepted the jurisdiction of the Inter-American Court in accordancewith Article 62 of the American Convention, and the Commission considersthat the State has not complied with the recommendations ofthe report approved in accordance with Article 50 of the AmericanConvention, it refers the case to the Court, unless there is a reasoned1454 See, Articles 39 and 43, ibid.1455 Article 50–51 ACHR. See, Articles 43 and 44, IACHR Rules of Procedure.1456 Article 48.1(f) ACHR. See also, Article 40, IACHR Rules of Procedure.1457 See, Article 37.4, IACHR Rules of Procedure.1458 See, Article 40.5, IACHR Rules of Procedure.1459 Article 49 ACHR. See, Article 40.5, IACHR Rules of Procedure.

MIGRATION AND INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS LAW | 329decision by an absolute majority of the members of the Commissionto the contrary. 1460Publication of the Report: If within three months from the transmissionof the preliminary report to the State in question the matterhas not been resolved or, for those States that have accepted the jurisdictionof the Inter-American Court, has not been referred by theCommission or by the State to the Court for a decision, the Commission,by an absolute majority of votes, may issue a final report that containsits opinion and final conclusions and recommendations. The final reportwill be transmitted to the parties, who, within the time period set bythe Commission, are required to present information on compliancewith the recommendations. The Commission will evaluate compliancewith its recommendations based on the information available, and willdecide on the publication of the final report by the vote of an absolutemajority of its members. 1461b) Petitions concerning States that are not parties to theAmerican Convention on Human RightsThe Commission may receive and examine any petition that containsa denunciation of alleged violations of the human rights set forth inthe American Declaration of the Rights and Duties of Man in relationto the Member States of the OAS that are not parties to the AmericanConvention on Human Rights. 1462 The procedure applicable to these petitionsis substantially the same as the one explained above with the exceptionof the referral to the Inter-American Court of Human Rights. 14635. Inter-American Court of Human RightsPreparatory Stage: As noted above, the Inter-American Commissionand States Parties are the only entities that can file a case with theCourt. Once the case is received in an official language of the Court, itsPresident conducts a preliminary review of the application, asking theparties to correct any deficiency within 20 days, if the President findsthat the basic requirements have not been met. 1464 If the applicant isacting without duly accredited representation, the Court may appoint anInter-American Defender as representative during the proceedings. 14651460 See, Article 45, IACHR Rules of Procedure.1461 See, Article 47, ibid.1462 These States are Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Belize, Canada, Guyana, St. Kitts andNevis, Saint Lucia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, and United States of America. See,Article 51, IACHR Rules of Procedure.1463 See, Article 52, IACHR Rules of Procedure.1464 See, Articles 34–36 and 38, IACtHR Rules of Procedure.1465 See, Article 37, ibid.

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