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Ireland. VET in Europe – Country Report 2011 - Europa

Ireland. VET in Europe – Country Report 2011 - Europa

The thirty-five County

The thirty-five County and City Enterprise Boards (CEBs) fund training programmesand schemes mainly targeted at the development needs of micro-enterprises and theiremployees. CEBs receive their funding from Enterprise Ireland.State funding is also available for ongoing occupational skills training for employeesin specific industry and services sectors.• Fáilte Ireland, spent EUR 12,664 million in 2009 in comparison to EUR15,103 113 million in 2008 on training for people seeking employment oremployed in the tourism and hospitality sectors. The agency also receivesa small contribution from the tourism industry and charges fees foremployees’ attendance on courses.• Teagasc, the Agriculture and Food Development Authority, spentapproximately EUR 25 million 114 in total on education and training in2009. The agency charges a fixed fee to run ongoing courses for farmers.It also provides training courses at cost, for persons working in the foodprocessing industry.• Crafts Council of Ireland offers financial and other incentives such astraining advice and courses for employees in the craft industry. Thesecourses are free and a training allowance is paid to participants. TheCouncil receives its funding from the Enterprise Ireland agency. In 2010expenditure by the Council on education and training amounted to EUR12.7 millionFunding for CVET for public servants, teachers, the police and defence forces etc., issourced from the ‘normal’ budget of the relevant government department. The statealso allocates some funding to a number of non-commercial training providers such asthe Irish Management Institute (IMI) and the Institute of Public Administration (IPA),for the training of employees in the public sector. These Institutes are also fundedthrough their membership subscriptions, as well as by course fees paid by companiesand the individual learners.10.3.3 Collective (employer, employee) investment to finance CVETThe extent of employer direct investment in in-company training is difficult toascertain given the lack of comprehensive information on in-company trainingexpenditure. While no definitive statistics exist, figures on training expenditure fromdifferent sources, indicate that employee training grew rapidly over the last decade. Areport by the Economic and Social Research Institute found that spending by the stateon training for the employed amounted to about EUR 49 million in 2003 incomparison to an estimated EUR 1 billion spent by companies and commercialtrainers. The latter amount includes the employer contributions to the NationalTraining Fund (NTF). In 2005 total expenditure by companies was estimated at EUR1.5 billion though only EUR 420 million of this cost was on the direct costs of113 2009 Fáilte Ireland Annual Report114 Teagasc Annual Report 2009.112

training courses. 115 Employers also participate in the industry-led ‘Skillnets’ TrainingNetworks Programme (TNP), which has been allocated EUR 55 million from the NTFfor 2005-10, to support enterprise-based training networks. Total expenditure onSkillnets amounted to EUR 17.3 million, (EUR 8.9 million was invested from theNational Training Fund and EUR 8.4 million by member companies).10.3.4 Reaching the groups at risk through funding schemes and mechanismsThe Workplace Basic Education Fund targets employees with the low skills levels(including early school leavers), and particularly those with difficulties with literacyand numeracy. Expenditure from the fund was EUR 209,000 in 2010. 11610.4 Funding for training for the unemployedIn general in Ireland unemployed persons and those from other socially excludedgroups are provided with financial assistance to undertake education and trainingprogrammes. Government funding priorities for VET for the unemployed andsocially excluded, are set out in policy documents which have been incorporated intothe National Development Plan (NDP) for 2007-13, which has made available EUR4.9 billion to provide targeted training and services to groups outside the workforce,as well as encouraging increased participation of women, older workers and migrantsin the workforce. The NDP is implemented under the annual Reform Programme andthe National Anti-Poverty Strategy (NAPS), which targets major investment forindividuals with inadequate literacy and numeracy skills.The majority of expenditure on VET for the unemployed comes from centralgovernment, and includes contributions from the National Training Fund (NTF) andthe European Social Fund (ESF). The social partners are consulted on the allocationof funding for programmes for the unemployed which receive financial support fromthe NTF, and intermediary implementing bodies such as FÁS and the VECs, makeannual submissions to their parent government departments outlining the number ofunemployed they intend to train and the associated costs. There has also beenincreasing public funding for the community and voluntary sectors which provideCVET for marginalised or unemployed adultsIn general unemployed persons and those from other socially-excluded groups aregiven financial assistance to undertake VET programmes. A portion of the budgetallocated to the state agencies providing VET, is set aside for the payment of traineeallowances. In the area of vocational training, FÁS is the main provider of theseallowances. VET for the unemployed and socially-excluded falls into the followingcategories.115 Data Analysis of In-Employment, Education and Training in Ireland, Expert Group on Future SkillsNeeds, Forfás ‘05 79 Company Training in Ireland 2005, R . Fox. FÁS 2005.116 116 Department of Finance. 2011 Estimates for Public Services and Summary Public CapitalProgramme113

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