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The history of X-ray Astronomy in Germany

The history of X-ray Astronomy in Germany

II. Hard

II. Hard X-ray balloon program IAAT - MPE(Our „bread and butter program“, Rüdiger Staubert et al.)1971 Proposed by J.T. to the German Science Foundation - scientific objectives :-- observation of UHURU sources at 20-200 keV-- spectra and time variability (1 μsec)-- measurement of the secular decrease of the Crab pulsar luminosityThe first balloongondola on the roofof IAAT in Tübingen(1973)-- 19 balloon launches , 14 successful, in Texas, Alice Springs 1973-1987-- total observing time: 222 hours-- 40 observed X-ray sources: Crab, BH binaries (Cyg X-1 et al.),many binary pulsars (Her X-1 et al.), 3C273 et alJ. Trümper, Milano 2012

Discovery of Cyclotron Lines(Trümper et al. 1977, 1978)J. Trümper, Milano 2012HEXE ICyclotron line at 40 keVB = 4x10 12 G:The first spectroscopic measurementof a neutron star magnetic fieldToday ~ 20 cyclotron line sources

The Development of X-ray Astronomy in the UK
PLANETOCOSMICS - X-ray Astronomy Group at ISAS
electrons - X-ray Astronomy Group at ISAS
ttGRBs - X-ray and Observational Astronomy Group
D. Heynderickx - X-ray Astronomy Group at ISAS
View Graph - X-ray Astronomy Group at ISAS
View Graph - X-ray Astronomy Group at ISAS
PDF File - X-ray Astronomy Group at ISAS
Observational Techniques in X-ray Astronomy - GLAST Gamma-Ray ...
X-ray Emission from Massive Stars: - Astronomy at Swarthmore ...
X-ray Emission from Massive Stars - Astronomy at Swarthmore ...
X-rays from Magnetic Massive Stars - Astronomy at Swarthmore ...
The new XEUS science case - X-ray Astronomy Group at ISAS
Modern X-ray telescopes and data - UMass Astronomy - Department ...
A scientific case for future X-ray Astronomy: galaxy clusters at ... - Inaf
Wide Band X-ray Astronomy Conference Summary - iucaa
X-ray Emission from O Stars - Astronomy at Swarthmore College
Current Status of Geant4 Simulation II - X-ray Astronomy Group at ...
Geant4 Visualization Updates - X-ray Astronomy Group at ISAS
The History and Philosophy of Astronomy - Astronomy Program ...
characteristic x-rays rays
Infrared Space Astronomy in Germany - Sofia