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Bruce’s address (or Scots wha’ ha’e)King Robert 1 st (the Bruce) addresses his troops before the victorious Battle of Bannockburn 1314The following exercises are to help you with some less familiar intervals with gracenotes in the tune. Refer to the CD track/DVD audio and video files as usual for this and the tune.G D G/ " D/ " D DG D / "Extracts 1 2 3DExercise 1 is simply “G” grace note on “F” held for about two seconds at this stagefollowed with a “G” grace note on “D” cleanly and held also for about two seconds.Think of the note you are about to change to each time. Repeat with continuous blowing asin all exercises.Exercise 2 is a low “G” grace note on low “A” from “B”. Sound “B” about two secondsthen close the chanter to sound low “G” as a short note and raise that little finger to finish on“A” and hold. Progressively make the low “G” a brisk grace note on the low “A” withoutbeing late. Repeat as necessary.Exercise 3 is high “A” to “E”. Sound high “A” in similar timing to these other exercisesthen sound “E”, making sure that the third “E” finger lifts cleanly without crossing sounds.When repeating avoid crossing sounds back to high “A”. Think of the note you are about tochange to cleanly. Repeat.
Beating Time.Endeavour from now on to beat time in tunes. Use your foot pivoting on the heel down and up(D U) in equal time to each pulse or beat. The pulses/beats are recognisable in the written musicby the time signature, which denotes the number of pulses in the bar. The pulses/beats areseparated from each other in bars as in the tune Bruce’s Address with two pulses/beats to each bar.Example showing two separate pulses, each value of a quarter note/crotchet, in the bar./ " @@@ @@@D1 & 2 1 & 2 1 & 2 1 & 2D U D U D U D UTake Bruce’s Address below first part in separate two bar clauses at a time,played very slowly for now and with simplified grace notes. This is a traditional air thathas been adapted by some famous Classical orchestral composers in their works i.e. Hector Berlioz,and Max Bruch.Like the two previous tunes, this one predominately has notes rising and falling in singleintervals; making it easier to follow and play. Refer audio file.Each bar in 2/4 time has two pulses with many of the pulses in two tied notes of which one is a dottedquaver/eighth making it relatively longer than the other shorter semi-quaver with two hooks. At firstplay these tied notes at almost equal value to become familiar with them, then develop the rhythm asrequired of relative longer and shorter duration, which are shown with clues under the latter fourbars i.e. 1- &, 2- &, 1- &, 2--, 1- &, 2- &, 1--, 2-- bridged. The numbered note is the longer one, withthe “&” the shorter note, yet not clipped, but slightly relaxed as in the recording of these extracts andthe tune, played very slowly, then almost up to as normally played in a steady tempo of about 72 BPM toassist the beginner.The first part to be taken at first in every two bars groups, repeatedly one group at a time.Notice how almost every pulse downbeat (U) note has a high “G” grace note. “D” can be embellished later.G G/ " @ @ @ @G@ @DG@ @G@ @G @ @@ @/1- & 2- & 1- & 2-- 1- & 2- & 1-- & 2- &D U D UG GG@ @ @ @ DGG@ @ G G@ @ @ @ D DGG>Bruce’s Address second part Traditional Air SlowlyG @ G@G/ "@ @/G@ @@ @G @ @GGD@ @ @ @GGG @ @@ @ D G@ @G @G@ D DG>D