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Paper 3: Climate Change Adaptation for Neophytes - UPEI Projects

Paper 3: Climate Change Adaptation for Neophytes - UPEI Projects

Paper 3: Climate Change Adaptation for Neophytes - UPEI

3PAPERCLIMATECHANGE ADAPTATION FORNEOPHYTESJAMES I. MACLELLAN 11 Environment Canada, Toronto, Ontario, CanadaABSTRACT: This report attempts to develop a general, accessible doorway into climate changeadaptation (CCA) literature which is indifferent to one’s starting position and evolves withone’s knowledge base. It is intended to provide an understanding of the major issues associatedwith the field, as well as tools to access its informational resources. This is accomplished in two parts:first, a rough overview of the IPCC AR4 Synthesis report is provided to introduce the reader to themajor CCA topics; and second, a framework for organising the CCA information landscape isprovided to aid researchers in keeping abreast of emerging trends. A broad overview of the CCAfield is then presented along with a discussion of methodological issues, and options for furtherresearch.Keywords: climate, climate change, adaptation, bibliometrics, literature review1. IntroductionNewcomers to the science and policy of climate change 1 are immediatelyconfronted by a field of study which has grown to include almost every aspect ofhuman endeavour 2 . A simple web search quickly confirms just how expansivethis landscape has become (e.g. a Google TM search on the key words “climatechange,” resulted in 101 million sites, and 1.67 million sites for “climate changeadaptation” Oct. 16, 2007). Unfortunately, this information is unstructured andextremely difficult to navigate despite the best hopes of visionaries 3 . Even fromwithin the formal environment of peer reviewed academic journals 4 , researchersface a daunting task of staying informed and disseminating results not only to thepublic and policy makers, but amongst themselves as well (Bord et al., 1999;Farbotko, 2005; Wall and Smit, 2006). The purpose of this report therefore, is tofind a general, accessible doorway into climate change adaptation (CCA)research, which is indifferent to one’s starting position and evolves with one’sknowledge base.1 The author includes himself in this group.2 Even Formula 1 racing, is becoming conscious of the need to respond to the challenges of climate change.(http://www.formula1.com/news/interviews/2007/5/6174.html, Accessed October 20, 2007)3 For example see the discussion of the future of the internet (Web 3.0) (Borland 2007; Tossell 2007).4 Which some place at over 40,000 active peer-reviewed academic publicationshttp://www.libraryjournal.com/article/CA374956.html (accessed October 20th, 2007)37

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