3 years ago

AMERICA BETRAYED.pdf - Brain & Mind

AMERICA BETRAYED.pdf - Brain & Mind

...Bush, bin Laden,

...Bush, bin Laden, 9-11...Iranian moderates: “a strategic opening to Iran may have been inthe national interest” (40).The Reagan-Bush administration further claimed that theirefforts in Iran were designed to build ties to moderates, when infact they were well aware that they were dealing with religiousfanatics and that the weapons would go to the Revolutionary Guards,the shock troops of the mullahs (41). In August 1986, the specialassistant to the Israeli prime minister briefed George Bush, tellinghim, “we are dealing with the most radical elements....This is goodbecause we’ve learned that they can deliver and the moderates can’t”(41).By the end of 1984, the Iran Iraqi war had become a war ofattrition (64). Over 300,000 Iranian soldiers and 250,000 Iraqitroops had been killed, and the Iranians were now using childrenas weapons. According to Iranian eye-witnesses, the Iranian governmentrounded up thousands of orphans and street urchins, bothgirls and boys, gave them a “plastic key” to paradise, and wrappedthem in blankets and forced them to roll over mine fields. Otherwitnesses tell of thousands of children, mostly boys, who weretied together with ropes, and then driven forward as human shields.In 1986, Iran again became flush with new American madeoffensive weapons and supplies, as well as intelligence about theIraqi front. Iran, flush with illegal U.S. assistance began a series ofhighly successful attacks, capturing large land masses in the southernregions of Iraq as well as the Iraqi oil port of Al Faw (64). CIAdeputy director John McMahon remarked that this intelligence gavethe Iranians “a definite edge,” which would produce “cataclysmicresults” (41).In January of 1987, Iranian units began a massive offensiveinto Iraqi terrorize, and almost broke Iraq’s last line of defense eastof Basra. Victory was almost within their grasp (64).However, the Israelis, the Saudis, and the American had nostomach for an Iranian victory. The goals was to bleed these nationsdry. If Iraq fell, Saudi Arabia and Kuwait would be the nexttargets of the Islamic revolution, and Reagan had already declared,after becoming President, that “we will not permit [Saudi Arabia]to be an Iran.”The United States now began to openly supply Iraq. In May249

America Betrayed1987, U.S. Assistant Secretary of State Richard Murphy met withSaddam Hussein and promised him arms and assistance. He alsoassured Saddam that the UN would pass a mandatory arms embargoagainst Iran.The strategy was pure Hegelian. A weak Iraq was in need offriends and money, and the Reagan-Bush administration and thebankers and arms merchants of Wall Street were happy to provideloans and to sell him whatever he needed. This strategy also servedto pry Saddam away from the Soviet Union, thus making him moredependent on the U.S.In truth, however, the Reagan-Bush administration, in trueHegelian tradition, had been supplying arms to Iraq since 1981,including five Boeing jetliners (72). However, to do so legally, theReagan-Bush removed Iraq from its list of nations supporting internationalterrorism. The Reagan Bush team extended a $400 millioncredit guarantee for U.S. exports to Iraq (73).This assistance was increased in 1987, whereas all supportfor Iran disappeared. As a result, by late 1987 Iran had become lessable to mount an effective defense against the resupplied Iraqi armyand air force (64).The Reagan-Bush team also began authorizing U.S. militaryattacks on Iran, including in October 1987, the destruction of Iranianoil platforms (74).The U.S. Navy was also “deployed aggressively and provocativelyin the hottest parts of the Persian Gulf” the purpose ofwhich was “to start fights, not to end them.” According to one commandingofficer, “We behave at times as if our objective was togoad Iran into a war with us” (77).That same year, the U.S. cruiser “Vicennes” shot down anIranian commercial jetliner, killing all 290 people aboard. Althoughthe Reagan-Bush administration claimed it was an accident, it waswell known among Navy personnel, that the Vicennes had behavedin a “consistently aggressive” fashion, attacking neutral and nonthreateningIranian targets. Because it seemed programmed to attack,some Navy personnel referred to the ship as “Robo Cruiser”(74,76).With U.S. assistance to Iraq, and by attacking and denyingthe Iranian military further assistance, the tide of the Iraqi-Iranian250

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