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Reinvest in Community Colleges and Career and Technical Education. Our community colleges andcareer and technical schools are key partners in apprenticeship programs, Industry Partnerships and othertypes of workforce training. To enhance career education, Schwartz will reinvest in our community collegesand career and technical education.Consolidate Job Training Programs. Over the years, Harrisburg has created a whole raft of job trainingprograms, some effective and some not. Schwartz, as governor, will streamline the Commonwealth’sworkforce programs and consolidate what works under a single office within the Department of Labor andIndustry. One of its goals will be to increase the participation of minorities and women in training programsin traditional industries.ALLYSON SCHWARTZFIGHTING FOR WORKING FAMILIES

IntroductionToday's competitive economy requires more new and different job skills than ever before. In the yearsafter World War II, about 60 percent of jobs available in the United States economy required no specialskills. Today, more than 65 percent of all jobs are classified as skilled work, requiring specializedknowledge or training.Even as Pennsylvania struggles with an unemployment rate stuck above the national average, many jobsgo unfilled because employers say they cannot find qualified applicants. "This need for skilled workershas outstripped the capacity of adult education and training systems," according to the Job OpportunityInvestment Network (JOIN), which works to bridge the skills gap in the Philadelphia area. "Even duringthe recession and recovery, the region's fastest growing industries – healthcare, university services, andclean energy – have been challenged to find a workforce with suitable training and education."Employers will only locate and grow in Pennsylvania if we have a well-educated and well-trainedworkforce that meets their needs.Pennsylvania must provide workforce training for the 21st century that is widely accessible andfirst-rate. Investing in human capital will also empower our own talented entrepreneurs to start and buildbusinesses right here in Pennsylvania. We need world-class apprenticeship opportunities and workforcetraining programs that prepare workers for careers in the energy industry, the spin-off industries from gasproduction, advanced manufacturing, healthcare, transportation logistics, and other fields with long-termgrowth potential.Our workforce-development programs must assist the workers who have the most difficulty landing ajob, including high school dropouts, the long-term unemployed, and those who have been incarcerated.As governor, Allyson Schwartz will build a workforce for the 21st century by expanding and buildingupon initiatives that work – both to create opportunities for workers today and to enable them to developskills that will allow them to build satisfying, successful careers, here in Pennsylvania.ALLYSON SCHWARTZFIGHTING FOR WORKING FAMILIES

Tom Corbett's Failed Economic LeadershipEven as the nation slowly emerges from the Great Recession, Pennsylvania’s economy continues tosputter. In 2013 we ranked 48th in job creation.Our unemployment rate stood at 6.9 percent as of December, higher than the national average. What thatmeans, in human terms, is that 443,000 of our citizens want a job but can't find one. Since 2010, theKeystone Research Center reports, Pennsylvania workers have seen a decline in their wages, with thoseat the bottom being hit the hardest.Pennsylvania’s economy continues to struggle because of Governor Tom Corbett’s failed leadership. Hechose public schools to be his first and deepest cut, slashing state support by almost $1 billion. Thisforced many school districts to increase class sizes, eliminate full-day kindergarten, lay off teachers, andmake cuts in science, technology and other core curriculum areas. These cuts also hurtcareer-and-technical education, which provides workforce training.Corbett also hiked tuition for thousands of students in Pennsylvania and repeatedly targeted highereducation for unacceptable cuts. In his first budget, he pushed to gut support for state-owned andstate-related universities by more than 50 percent. Corbett's fellow Republicans in the state House andSenate balked at his extreme cuts, but nonetheless agreed to significant reductions. Higher educationfunding was cut by about 20 percent, resulting in painful tuition increases for thousands of students.The governor has also slashed support for Pennsylvania’s workforce development efforts, includingIndustry Partnerships, a widely recognized and emulated Pennsylvania initiative that providescareer-long benefits for workers. Corbett's proposed budget for 2014-15 cuts the already-diminishedIndustry Partnership program by another 11 percent. Further, Corbett’s most recent budget ends statefunding for the New Choices/New Options job training program, a training and employment program forsingle parents and single pregnant women. It even zeroes out funding for an innovative and widelyhailed program that enables universities to bring state-of-the-art laboratory equipment to high schoolscience students.What Governor Corbett fails to understand is that we cannot merely cut our way to prosperity, toeconomic competiveness, or to a skilled workforce. We cannot cut our way to greater opportunity for ourcitizens.ALLYSON SCHWARTZFIGHTING FOR WORKING FAMILIES

The Schwartz Plan to Build a 21st Century WorkforceAllyson Schwartz believes that a well-educated workforce is vital to maintaining, expanding, andattracting world-class businesses; to ensuring a robust economy, and to keeping Pennsylvanians living,working, and raising their families in Pennsylvania. To succeed in the 21st century, Pennsylvania mustinvest in its people.In the state Senate, Schwartz served as the Democratic Chair of the Education Committee, and worked toimprove the Commonwealth’s job training efforts and to strengthen education from pre-kindergarten tothe postsecondary level.In Congress, she successfully improved the Trade Adjustment Assistance (TAA) program to provideassistance to workers before they are laid off. The proposal, which was first included as part of theAmerican Recovery and Reinvestment Act, allows workers in trade-impacted industries to access TAAtraining benefits before they lose their jobs. Schwartz also repeatedly opposed draconian cuts to ournation’s workforce training efforts.Schwartz has already released a plan to recommit the Commonwealth to public education and to makecollege more affordable and accessible.As governor, she will also rethink, reenergize and rebuild Pennsylvania’s workforce developmentprograms, which have languished under Governor Corbett.Schwartz will:• Launch Apprenticeship PA to reinvigorate and expand the state’s apprenticeship programs, withthe goal of creating 10,000 new apprenticeships during her first term. To offset the cost oftraining, employers who contribute to approved apprenticeship programs will receive a 50percent state tax credit. When an apprentice becomes a journeyed worker, the employer will beeligible for an additional $1,000 hiring tax credit.• Re-launch and rebuild the state's once nation-leading Industry Partnerships program,which brings together multiple employers in clustered industries to train skilled workers.• Reinvest in Pennsylvania's community colleges and career-and-technical education (CTE)to strengthen the classroom component of workforce training.• Strengthen, streamline and coordinate the state's workforce development programs under asingle agency umbrella. One of its goals will be to increase the participation of minorities,women, ex-offenders, high school dropouts, and the long-term unemployed in training programs.ALLYSON SCHWARTZFIGHTING FOR WORKING FAMILIES

Launching Apprenticeship PAApprenticeships are the Cadillacs of job training for high-skill occupations. Calling them a "provenstrategy," the U.S. Department of Labor reports that a "Registered Apprenticeship ensures quality trainingby combining on-the-job training with theoretical and practical classroom instruction to prepare exceptionalworkers for American industry." Apprentices who complete their program and become journeyed workersearn a highly-valued certification recognized in all 50 states.Today's apprenticeship programs can run from two to four years, or longer, and require at least 144 hours ofclassroom study for every 2,000 hours of on-the-job training. While concentrated in the building tradesindustry, certification is available in scores of job fields, including manufacturing, telecommunications,information technology, healthcare, and the restaurant industry. The programs often lead to college creditand associate's degrees.Pennsylvania has had an Apprenticeship and Training Council since 1961. But at a time when theCommonwealth should be doing more to invest in significant, career-supporting training programs, theCorbett Administration has allowed the number of apprenticeships to decline significantly – from about14,000 when he entered office to fewer than 10,900 as of December 2013.Allyson Schwartz, as governor, will launch Apprenticeship PA to significantly expand the number and typeof apprenticeship programs by reaching out to more employers and giving them the technical assistance toprovide training in more occupations.Apprenticeship PA will have a few key elements:• A new office tasked with providing individualized consulting services to businesses to allow them tocreate apprenticeship programs tailored to their needs. This office will also facilitate apprenticeshipand pre-apprenticeship partnerships between businesses and educational institutions, particularlycommunity colleges and career-and-technical (CTE) schools.• Apprenticeship PA will ensure that business needs are met and skills gaps are filled through directcontact between employers and workers. At the same time, Schwartz understands that qualitytraining requires resources, which is why she will create a Training Investment Tax Credit. Thiscredit will offer businesses a 50 percent tax credit for contributions to an approved program.ALLYSON SCHWARTZFIGHTING FOR WORKING FAMILIES

Building a 21st Century WorkforceIndustry PartnershipsIndustry Partnerships, which brings together multiple employers in the same industry to address commonworkforce needs, was launched in Pennsylvania in 2004. While aimed at meeting employer needs, theinitiative also gave workers portable skills that they can carry with them from job to job.Training is concentrated on targeted growing industry clusters, including life sciences, business andfinancial services, education, energy, diversified manufacturing, building and construction, food production,information and communications services, logistics and transportation, and paper and wood products.This program was once one of Pennsylvania's most important economic development tools, and the stateprovided almost $20 million for training grants and administration. In just its first four years, starting in2004, more than 6,300 businesses became involved in nearly 80 Industry Partnerships around the state.More than 70,000 workers received training. In that same early period, employers contributed $9 million inprivate funds to the partnerships.Today, state funding languishes at $1.8 million and Corbett’s latest budget proposes to cut it to $1.6 million.In 2011, Corbett’s own party’s leaders in the state Senate proposed $6 million in funding.Allyson Schwartz, as governor, will work with the legislature to more than triple the funding available forstate grants to partnership programs, to at least $6 million. Equally important, she will champion IndustryPartnerships in Pennsylvania as a leading element of her workforce development initiatives. She will pushthe State Workforce Investment Board to provide strong leadership in forming and strengtheningpartnerships in local areas and regions across the Commonwealth.A State System of Community CollegesOur community colleges are vital partners in apprenticeship and pre-apprenticeship programs, as well asIndustry Partnerships and other types of workforce training. Young workers want a certificate or associate'sdegree that they can carry with them as a portable credential if they move from one employer to another, orfrom one location to another. But our community colleges have been undermined by Corbett's deepeducation cuts.As governor, Allyson Schwartz will work with stakeholders – local funding authorities and communityleaders, college trustees, legislators, employers, faculty and administrators and students – to create a unifiedPennsylvania State System of Community Colleges. This system will better coordinate curriculum, savemoney through shared services, and serve every region of the Commonwealth. Schwartz will also undoCorbett’s damaging 10 percent cuts to our community colleges. But this increased support will come withgreater accountability by students, employers, and the Commonwealth.And she will provide support to community colleges to support apprenticeship programs and competitivefunding to expand workforce programs and partnerships that have a proven record of success in jobplacement.ALLYSON SCHWARTZFIGHTING FOR WORKING FAMILIES

Supporting Career and Technical EducationThe economy of the 21st century is evolving so fast that young people entering the labor market today needto be prepared to switch careers several times. Students in career-and-technical education (CTE) programsreceive training to land their first job and acquire lifelong learning skills. As governor, Schwartz will fullysupport Pennsylvania’s CTE programs, seek innovative ways to integrate them with our communitycolleges, and improve coordination between businesses and schools to meet regional employment needs.Streamline, Coordinate, and Strengthen Workforce ProgramsEmployers and job seekers are often understandably confused by the many workforce developmentprograms scattered across different agencies and bureaus of state government. Schwartz will streamlinethese programs, publicize them, and bring them under one section of the state Department of Labor andIndustry. This will produce efficiency and bureaucratic cost savings and strengthen these initiatives.Schwartz will also ensure that our workforce programs assist those with the hardest time finding a job,including the long-term unemployed, ex-offenders, and high school dropouts.PA GraduatesHigh school graduates earn $8,000 per year more on average than dropouts and, as adults, cost the state lessin public assistance. To strengthen the career prospects of young Pennsylvanians, Schwartz will build onthe Commonwealth’s current efforts by launching a PA Graduates initiative. This will help keep students inschool by developing best practices and strategies, building early warning systems, and providing dropoutswith alternative educational and career opportunities.Training Pennsylvanians for Shale JobsSchwartz will work with stakeholders to create and implement a plan to expand job opportunities forPennsylvanians in the shale industry. She will work in cooperation with our community colleges andtechnical schools to identify skills gaps and train Pennsylvanians for work as drilling equipment operators,mechanics, welders, well tenders, drillers, geo techs, and other needed positions. Schwartz will expect gascompanies and their subcontractors to hire local residents and to use local businesses to expand jobopportunities and enhance the local economy. She will also start an initiative to train veterans for jobs in theshale-gasindustry.ALLYSON SCHWARTZFIGHTING FOR WORKING FAMILIES

Establishing a State Veterans Job BankWith their proven ability to learn the demanding skills required in the military, veterans make productiveemployees. Employers sometimes say specifically that they are seeking veterans when they post jobopportunities with PA CareerLink. But veterans often find that the jobs offered are in low-skill,physically-demanding fields with little chance for advancement. Allyson Schwartz, as governor, willestablish a statewide Veterans Job Bank through PA CareerLink. This public-private partnership will connectqualified veterans with good employers and help employers take advantage of various federal, state, andlocal veteran-hiring incentives.Preparing a Green WorkforceTo prepare for the “green collar” jobs of the future, Schwartz will support Senator Shirley Kitchen’slegislation to provide grants to develop green workforce training. This will support job training inenergy-efficient building, renewable energy, weatherization, and other green industries. And, she will workto ensure that all Pennsylvanians have the opportunity to take advantage of this training. Hilda Solis, formerU.S. secretary of Labor, has said that, "women and minorities are underrepresented in the green workplace."Recommitting to Public Education and Making College More AffordableStrengthening Public EducationAllyson Schwartz has already released her plan to recommit Pennsylvania to public education. She willmake a transformative commitment to early education by launching Keystone Kids, a landmark initiative toprovide universal access to pre-kindergarten to all 4-year-olds. She will also enable all school districts tooffer full-day kindergarten.By the end of her first term, Schwartz will reverse Governor Corbett's nearly $1 billion in cuts to publiceducation by growing the economy, reprioritizing the state budget, and drawing upon new resources from amoderate severance tax on shale-gas production. And, she will establish a funding formula for theCommonwealth's 500 school districts that is adequate, sustained, and fair.Making Postsecondary Education More Affordable and AccessibleSchwartz has also released a plan to make higher education more affordable and more accessible. Inexchange for greater financial support for state universities, and while holding these schools accountable fortheir performance, Schwartz will demand a two-year tuition freeze at state universities. She will strengthenPennsylvania State Grant program to help middle-class students attend college. And, she will create PAAchieves to encourage community college students to complete their associate's degree and to then earntheir bachelor's degree.ALLYSON SCHWARTZFIGHTING FOR WORKING FAMILIES

ConclusionThe Commonwealth needs and deserves a governor who will invest its most important and greatest asset– it’s people. Schwartz will expand opportunities for Pennsylvanians and build a 21st century workforceby creating new apprenticeship opportunities and partnerships between government and business,streamlining our workforce development efforts, and reinvesting in our community colleges and incareer and technical education.ALLYSON SCHWARTZFIGHTING FOR WORKING FAMILIES

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