Mitigation Planning: A Mitigation Planning: A Cornerstone for ...

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Mitigation Planning: A Mitigation Planning: A Cornerstone for ...

Mitigation Planning: ACornerstone for Disaster ResilientCommunitiesRoxanne GrayWisconsin Emergency ManagementWAPA/WI-ASLA ASLA 2010 ANNUAL CONFERENCEMarch 5, 2010


What is Mitigation?• Mitigation is any actiontaken to eliminate orreduce the long-term riskto human life andproperty from natural andtechnological hazards


Break the Cycle• Mitigation is one of thephases of emergencymanagement(preparedness, responseand recovery)• Can occur in any phase• Only phase that breaksthe cycle– Damage, repair,damage


Mitigation Examples• Structural (dams,retention ponds,levees)• Land-use planning• Stronger buildingcodes• Removing persons outof harms way


Why Mitigation?• $140 Billion in the last25 years inresponding todisasters• $6 Billion per year inflood damages• Costs continue to rise• People continue tobuild and live in high-risk areas


Here in Wisconsin• $3 billion in Disaster-related related damages last3 decades• 12 Federal Disaster Declarations in the90’s compared to 6 in the 80’s• 2000, 2001,two in 2002, 2004, 2007, 2008plus 2 snow emergencies


2008 Floods• 31 counties declared• $763,618,860 + indamages• Over 40,000 applied forIndividual Assistance withover $55 milliondisbursed• Nearly 2,000 SBA low-interest disaster loans forover $46 million


FEMA-17681768-DRDR-WI


Public Assistance• Estimated $78 millionin eligible damages topublic infrastructuretand emergencyresponse costs• 824 applicants (localand stategovernments andPNPs) for assistance


Hazard Mitigation• $30.9 million• Acquisition anddemolition of 218propertiespopetes• Hazard MitigationPlans


For every dollar spent on mitigation, $4 issaved in future damages.(Per the National Institute of Building Sciences -2005)


Why Plan?• Disasters cost too much• State/Federal aidinsufficient• Can prevent damages• Less impact and speedresponse and recoveryprocess• Mitigation happens at thelocal level


Benefits• Protect the health/safety of citizens• Preserve or expand tax base• Attract or retain business/industry• Revitalize a depressed area


• Enhance recreationand tourism• IncreaseCommunity Pride &improve quality oflife• Save Tax Dollars


DMA2K• Disaster Mitigation Act of 2000• PL 106-390 signed into law 10/30/00• Establish a national disaster hazardmitigation program– Section 203 – Pre-Disaster Mitigation Program– Section 322 – Mitigation PlanningRequirement


Vision• To reduce disaster losses thru pre-disastermitigation planning by pre-identifying,cost-effective mitigation.• Mitigation tgato pa planning would oudt then streamlineeand speed up the recovery process


Mitigation Planning• Describe actions tomitigate hazards,risks, andvulnerabilities• Establish strategy toimplement thoseactions• Pre-identify projectsto ensurecomprehensive,integrated approachto hazard reduction


State Plan Requirement• “Standard” Plan Criteria(44 CFR Part 201.4)• “Enhanced” Plan Criteria(44 CFR Part 201.5)– Demonstrate StateCapabilities– Additional 5% HMGPFunding• Update required every 3years


Local Planning Options• Stand alone plan• Countywide, multi-jurisdictional,watershed, regional• Integrate t into otherplanning –ComprehensivePlanning (SmartGrowth)


Local/Tribal Mitigation Plan Criteria• Local Planning – 44 CFR Part 201.6• Tribal Planning – 44 CFR Part 201.7• Components– Planning Process– Risk Assessment– Mitigation Strategy– Plan Maintenance Process– Plan Adoption– Plan Review


The Planning Process• Describes and documents the planningprocess (who, what, when)• Review existing plans, studies, and laws• Engage the public• Basic demographics• Description i of land uses and developmenttrends


Risk Assessment• Description, location,and extent of hazards• Past events• Probability of futureevents• Type and number ofstructures t at risk• Potential losses• Potential impacts


Mitigation Goals and Strategies• Long-term goals• Objectives• Mitigation actions(measures) andprojects that willreduce risk for eachidentified hazard• Action plan forimplementing theidentified actions


Plan Review, Maintenance, andAdoption Process• Monitoring, evaluation, and updating theplan every 5 years• Incorporation into existing planningmechanismss• Continued public participation• Plan adoption• Plan is reviewed by the State, certified,and sent to FEMA for approval.


Comprehensive Planning• Issues andOpportunities• Housing• Transportation• Utilities andCommunity Facilities• Agricultural, Natural,and CulturalResources• EconomicDevelopment• IntergovernmentalCooperation• Land Use• Implementation


Planning Deadlines• Must have an approved All HazardsMitigation Plan to receive certain FEMAassistance• Local Plans have to be reviewed, e ed, updated,and re-approved every 5 years• State Plan every 3 years


Resources• http://emergencymanagement.wi.gov andclick on “hazard mitigation”• http://www.fema.gov/plan/mitplanning/guidance.shtm• http://www.fema.gov/plan/mitplanning/resources.shtm• http://www.fema.gov/government/grant/hma


Contact InformationRoxanne GrayState Hazard Mitigation OfficerWisconsin Emergency ManagementRoxanne.gray@Wisconsin.govi608-242-3211


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