EditorialEditor in ChiefDr. Cosmas Milton Obote OchiengEditorial Assistants:Millie MwangoMary MuthoniMoses OwidhiContacts:info@acts.or.keTo contribute an article or opinion, or toadvertise on the African Technopolitan,please contact:,Published by ACTS Press Nairobi, 2014.THE BIRTH OF A NEW SCIENCEAND TECHNOLOGY MAGAZINE:THE AFRICAN TECHNOPOLITANhe African Centre for Technology Studies(ACTS) is delighted to present to you the AfricanTechnopolitan: a biannual, multidisciplinarymagazine on science, technology and innovationin Africa. The African Technopolitan seeksto explore ways of harnessing applications ofscience, technology and innovation policy forthe improvement of the human, social, economic,political and environmental condition inAfrica.The major development challenges facing Africa—ensuringfood security, universal accessto clean water, sustainable energy access forall, adapting to and mitigating the impacts of climatechange, fighting infectious diseases, andconserving biodiversity — can easily be tackledby harnessing applications of science, technologyand innovation.ACTS was the first and is one of the best knowninternational think tanks working on issues ofscience, technology, innovation, economic developmentand environmental change in Africa.Since our establishment in 1988, we have publishedmany seminal studies on African development;opened up the African developmentpolicy space; strengthened capacity of Africanindustrial, technological and educational institutions.We have provided an evidence informedplatform for key stakeholders in African developmentto come together to explore sustainablesolutions to Africa’s development, environmentaland climatic challenges.2 THE AFRICAN TECHNOPOLITANTHE AFRICAN TECHNOPOLITAN 3

Through partnerships with leading global universities andresearch institutes, we have provided doctoral, MA andcertificate level training in science, technology and innovationpolicy to hundreds of African graduates. Many ofthese now serve as leading science policy experts, scholars,judicial officers, public servants, and leaders of industry,NGOs and regional economic and media; efficient policies and property rightssystems, et cetera). African countries have in their ownhands, the choice to design their future paths of ‘capabilityaccumulation’, their patterns of production and trade, theirplace in the future international division of intellectual andphysical labour. This pathway runs through harnessing applicationsof science, technology and innovation.IN THISISSUEThrough quality research, high level policy dialogue, capacitybuilding and brokerage of knowledge and technologytransfer, our work has changed lives, livelihoods andlandscapes. We have provided a wide range of policy optionsfor accelerating sustainable development in Africa,with particular reference to the following sectors: biotechnologyand biosafety; agriculture and food security; energyand water security; climate change; international tradeand intellectual property rights; multilateral environmentalagreements, natural resource management and environmentalprotection; industrial, technological and human resourcedevelopment.Our goal is to inspire, facilitate, catalyse and broker dialogue,debate, policy analysis, research, and capacitybuilding on harnessing applications of science, technologyand innovation for sustainable development in Africa.We seek to enhance the capacity of African countries,organizations and individuals not only to set but also tosuccessfully implement their own science, technology, innovationand economic development agenda. As arguedelsewhere in this issue, there are many successful paths todevelopment but a superior one appears to be that whichenhances ‘capabilities accumulation’ or one anchored inlearning technological capabilities, and how to co-evolvecompatible and best-fit organizational and institutionalarrangements (markets, forms of government, propertyrights, etc.) often through experimentation and innovation.Differences in the patterns of accumulation and processingof information and knowledge are at the heart of differentialdevelopment outcomes among countries. Approximately60 per cent of the difference in income betweenSub-Saharan African countries and the advanced economiesis attributable to gaps in the stock of knowledge.Fourteen percent of the world’s population live in Africayet only 1% of the world’s scientists do. A continent ofover a billion people and 54 countries has about the sameamount of research output as the Netherlands. Africa hasonly 35 scientists and engineers per million inhabitants -compared with 130 for India, 168 for Brazil, 450 for China,2,457 for Europe and 4,103 for the United States. At 7percent, Africa has the world’s lowest tertiary enrolmentrate compared to a global average of 30%.At ACTS, we have been helping African governments, organizations,communities and individuals to harness applicationsof science, technology and innovation for betterlivelihoods, landscapes and ecosystems since 1988. Weremain committed to this mission. We would like you tojoin us. The African Technopolitan welcomes contributionsthat offer constructive, provocative and original ideas,analysis and commentary on how science, technology andinnovation can be harnessed to address Africa’s fundamentaldevelopment challenges: enhancing agriculturalproductivity and food security; sustainable energy accessfor all; universal clean water access; sustainable biodiversityconservation and use; climate change adaptation andmitigation; industrial development; infrastructure and humanresource development. We invite submissions of notmore than 2500 words from across academic disciplinesand policy spheres. We are particularly interested in submissionsthat are multi or interdisciplinary, based on empiricalwork, advance original or alternative theories; andchallenge conventional schools of thought on contemporaryissues in science, technology and innovation policyresearch and practice in African development.In this first issue of the African Technopolitan, we sharehighlights of some of our research, capacity building andpolicy work in the first half of 2014. We also highlight someof our planned key activities in the second half of the year.A quick look at some of our alumni invites you to reflect onour journey over the last two and a half decades. Throughtwo opinion pieces, our Executive Director, Dr. CosmasMilton Obote Ochieng, takes a critical look at the potentialrole of science, technology and innovation in Africa’s economicdevelopment within the context of the ‘Africa rising’narrative and US Economic Diplomacy in Africa.In subsequent issues of this Magazine, we will open itup to policy and research insights, analysis, commentary,opinions and other forms of relevant submission by membersof the public.This is your Magazine! We look forward to sharing yourbrilliant ideas on how to harness science, technology andinnovation for the general improvement of the social, economic,political and environmental condition in Africa!AFRICA RISING?NOT WITHOUTSCIENCE,TECHNOLOGYAND INNOVATIONPOLICY12CONDUCTING STIRESEARCH IN AFRICA326CoverStory26THE AUDACITY AND HOPEOF OBAMA’S ECONOMICDIPLOMACY IN AFRICA3411ACTS LAUNCHES ANEW STRATEGIC PLAN30BUILDING STICAPACITY IN AFRICA39A first order development challenge for Africa is thereforeone of enhancing ‘capabilities accumulation’: accumulationof human capital, knowledge, technological learningcapabilities and institutional autonomies, experimentation,innovation and competencies (i.e. well-functioningmarkets, states and civil societies; independent judicialDr. Cosmas Milton Obote OchiengExecutive Director,African Centre for Technology StudiesSTI POLICY DIALOGUEAND OUTREACHACTS APPOINTS 6 NEWRESEARCH FELLOWSSAVE THE DATES:ACTS’ LED HIGH LEVELPOLICY ROUNDTABLESAND CONFERENCES4 THE AFRICAN TECHNOPOLITANTHE AFRICAN TECHNOPOLITAN 5

AFRICARISING?NOT WITHOUT SCIENCE,TECHNOLOGY ANDINNOVATIONDr. Cosmas Milton Obote OchiengExecutive Director,African Centre for Technology StudiesIn spite of the worst Ebola outbreak in history, brutal civil wars in SouthSudan and the Central African Republic, and a shocking economic turnof events in Ghana, Africa continues to enjoy perhaps the most positiveand optimistic international media, business and political sentiment in ageneration. This sentiment is encapsulated in the increasingly ubiquitous‘Africa rising’ narrative. For a continent that has had many false starts at‘development’, the ‘Africa rising’ narrative is surprisingly resilient. But howmuch of this resilience is rooted in ‘economic fundamentals’ and how muchof it is ‘mere rhetoric’?n this piece, I argue that the Africarising narrative is rooted not in‘structurally resilient factors’ endogenousto African economies (i.e.Africa’ ‘capabilities accumulation’or structural transformation) butrather in ‘irrational exuberance’ andtransitory external factors, a coupleof which have little if anything to dowith African ‘agency’ (i.e. China’srise, Eurozone recession and theensuing ‘euro-pessimism’). Africacan and will only ‘rise’, through asystematic, laser-like, national, regionaland continental scale effortto harness applications of science,technology and innovation for structuraltransformation and sustainabledevelopment.To be sure, Africa has experiencedhigh economic growth, increasedforeign direct investment and arguably,falling aggregate poverty ratesover the last decade. Many of theworld’s fastest-growing economiesover the past decade were African.Some African countries are onthe cusp of potentially significantdemographic changes, natural resourceutilization, economic andpolitical liberalization. These are allgood ‘pre-conditions’ for structuraltransformation or economic development.Compared to Africa’s lacklustreeconomic performance in the1970s through the 1990s, this alsoconstitutes real progress. Nonetheless,all this is still short of thenecessary and sufficient conditionsneeded for structural transformationand sustainable development in Africa.Much of what forms the basis ofthe Africa rising narrative (e.g. GDPgrowth) does not constitute a goodmeasure of economic development.When more helpful measures areconsidered, the gap between thesubstance and the rhetoric of theAfrica rising narrative widens.Africa is still predominantly engagedin activities that yield diminishingreturns to scale. Economic developmententails a structural shiftfrom activities that largely providediminishing returns to those thatprovide increasing returns in the‘long term’. Since at least the 15thcentury, the source of increasing returnsfor virtually all the now developedor advanced economies hasbeen manufacturing (i.e. industrialdevelopment) and knowledge intensiveservice sectors. Africa is nowherenear any significant gains inthese two sectors. On the contrary,a number of African countries appearto have undergone stagnationor decline in terms of their industrialdevelopment over the last decade.At any rate, the industrial and knowledgegaps between Africa and theworld’s most advanced economiescontinue to widen.This should give African policymakers,trade negotiators, educators,climate change planners and environmentalmanagers, pause. A 2011report by the UN Conference onTrade and Development (UNCTAD)and the UN Industrial DevelopmentOrganization (UNIDO) found thatthe share of Manufacturing ValueAdded (MVA) in Africa’s GDP fellfrom 12.8 percent in 2000 to 10.5percent in 2008. The share of manufacturesin Africa’s total exportsalso fell from 43 percent in 2000 to39 percent in 2008. A whopping 23African countries had negative MVAper capita growth from 1990 to2010. Africa’s share of low-technologymanufacturing activities in MVAalso fell from 23 percent in 2000 to20 percent in 2008, and its share oflow-technology manufacturing exportsfell from 25 percent in 2000 to18 percent in 2008.For the most part, Africa is still a naturalresource based economy. Therecent high GDP growth in Africacan be partly attributed to the global‘commodity boom’ driven in part bygrowing consumption in China andIndia. This commodity dependenceis not conducive to ‘inclusive growth’which is needed and necessary tolift the many millions of people thatAfrica needs to lift out of poverty forit to undergo an effective economictransformation. Commodity and resourcebased sectors do not usuallygenerate the employment opportunitiesthat would allow the majorityof the population to share in the benefits.Rather, they tend to encourage‘enclave development’, regional andincome inequalities which might inturn constrain economic diversificationand long term growth.Commodity dependence is also nota sustainable development strategyin the long run. Africa’s long termproductivity gains will come notfrom natural resource extraction, butfrom advances in, and applicationsof, science, technology and innovation.Differences in the patternsof accumulation and processing ofinformation and knowledge are atthe heart of differential developmentoutcomes among countries. There isincreasing consensus among economiststhat at least half, if not more,of the economic growth in advancedcountries is directly attributable toscience, technology and innovation.Approximately 60 per cent of thedifference in income between Sub-Saharan African countries and theadvanced economies is attributable6 THE AFRICAN TECHNOPOLITANTHE AFRICAN TECHNOPOLITAN 7

to gaps in the stock of knowledge.It is now widely acknowledged thatknowledge or technology-intensivesectors are growing faster than othersectors. For African countries interestedin raising their long term rate ofgrowth, this requires a structural shiftfrom a focus on low technology orknowledge intensive sectors to hightechnology or knowledge intensivesectors.Sectors and products matter in termsof learning technological capabilitiesor capabilities accumulation andeconomic development. Specifictechnologies, sectors and productsmatter because they entail differentlearning opportunities, different incomeelasticity of demand, differentopportunities to innovate and differentopportunities to contribute toeconomic development. Capacity todevelop and successfully implement‘industrial policies’ that reward technologies,sectors and products thatcontribute the most to capabilities accumulationand by extension to economicdevelopment is therefore a keyneed in Africa.There are many successful pathsto development but a ‘superior’ oneappears to be that anchored in ‘capabilitiesaccumulation’ or learningtechnological capabilities, and howto co-evolve compatible and best-fitorganizational and institutional arrangements(including but not limitedto markets and states), oftenthrough experimentation and innovation.A first order capacity need andchallenge for Africa is therefore oneof enhancing ‘capabilities accumulation’:accumulation of knowledge andcapabilities, at the levels of individualsand organizations. African countries,like all countries globally, have in theirhands, the choice to design their futurepaths of capability accumulation,their patterns of production and trade,the future international division of intellectualand physical labour. Thisrequires purposive policy making andpolicy trade-offs. A first order policychoice must be to anchor the Africandevelopment agenda in science,technology and innovation.Africa has about 35 scientists and engineersper million inhabitants, comparedwith 130 for India, 168 for Brazil,450 for China, 2,457 for Europeand 4,103 for the United States. At7 percent, Africa has the world’s lowesttertiary enrolment rate comparedto a global average of 30%. Fourteenpercent of the world’s populationlive in Africa yet only 1% of theworld’s scientists do. A continent ofover a billion people and 54 countrieshas about the same amount ofresearch output as the Netherlands.While these figures are abysmal, thesituation can be turned around. SouthAfrica’s innovation led developmentstrategy over the last decade attestsAt any rate,the industrial andknowledge gapsbetween Africaand the world’smost advancedeconomies continueto this. A multitude of governmentinitiatives between 2000 and 2010resulted in significant impacts on thecountry’ research and developmentresults.Between 2000 and 2010, the Governmentof South Africa launched aseries of science, technology and innovationinitiatives:• The 2003 decision by the Departmentof Education to introducethe New Funding Formula (NFF)for institutions in higher education.According to the NFF, higher educationinstitutions receive financialsupport on the basis of their researchoutputs (number of publicationsand number of postgraduatestudents produced).• The decision in 2001 to bring thesocial sciences in line with the naturalsciences and engineering inparticipating in the evaluation andrating by the National ResearchFoundation (NRF), which is basedsolely on previous research outputsand performance.• An aggressive Science Diplomacythat saw South Africa initiate extensivebilateral and multilateralscientific cooperation agreementswith African, European, Americanand Asian countries as well as withthe African Union, the UN system,private foundations, donors, multinationalcompanies and globalresearch infrastructure projects.The International Cooperation andResources Programme of the Departmentof Science and Technology(DST) opened offices in Tokyo,Moscow, Brussels, Gaborone(SADC Headquarters) and AddisAbaba (AU Headquarters) whileother arms of government suchas the Department of Foreign Affairs,the Department of Trade andIndustry and National ResearchCouncils pursued their own parallelscientific cooperation initiatives.• The 2007 launch of the 10 YearInnovation Plan and the establishmentof the Technology InnovationAgency and the South AfricanNational Space Agency (2008).The Innovation Plan effectivelyserved as an ‘Industrial Policy’ forthe country, choosing ‘winners’and setting high objectives forthe country’s national innovationsystem based on its developmentneeds:• To be one of the top three emergingeconomiesin global pharmaceutical industrybased on anexpansive innovation systemand the country’s indigenousknowledge and rich biodiversity• To deploy satellites that providea range of scientific, security andspecialised services for the government,the public and the privatesector;• To achieve a diversified, supply securedsustainable energy sector• To achieve a 25% share of theglobal hydrogen and fuel cell catalystsmarket with novel platinumgroup metal catalysts.• To be a world leader in climate scienceand the response to climatechange.• To meet the 2014 Millennium DevelopmentGoal to halve povertytransform your life withEcoZoom offers a variety of ecological products designed to transform lives.Our cookstoves, solar lights and water filters are...Healthyless no visible toxic smoke, burnsand diseasesEfficientsaves money, save by using fueland save timecooking transformedsave over Ksh 14,000 a year!• Save 60% on charcoal expenses and 55% onfirewood• Emit significantly less smoke and toxicemissions• Keep pots clean – less scrubbing!• Last 2-5 years• 1-year warranty• Look and feel of an appliancedrinking transformedsave over Ksh 20,000 a year!• Prevents diarrhea, cholera and typhoid• Removes dirt, colors and ordors• Kills bacteria and parasites• Stores water safely to drink later• Less trips to the doctor• Lasts 3 yearslighting transformedEcoZoom | Customer Care: 0706 363 | www.ecozoomstove.comEcofriendlyEnvironmentalfewer trees cut and lessclimate changing gasessave over Ksh 30,000 a year!• 15x brighter than kerosene• 36 hours of light on 1 day’s charge• Mobile phone charging• More study time allowed• 5-year battery life• 2-year warranty8 THE AFRICAN TECHNOPOLITANTHE AFRICAN TECHNOPOLITAN 9

ACTS AFRICALICS PROJECT AWARDSUSD 160,000 IN RESEARCH GRANTS!Escape to an OasisWITHIN THE CITYAfrican Network for Economic Learning, Innovation and Competence BuildingSystem (Africalics) whose Secretariat is hosted at ACTS has awarded USD 160,000in small grants to facilitate research on relatively neglected areas in science, technologyand innovation policy in Africa. The grants are also designed to promote interdisciplinaryand cross sectoral collaboration among African researchers.The 6 grantees and projects are as follows:Name of grantee/s Institutional affiliation Name of project Project durationAbdi Yuya AhmadProf Mammo MuchieDr. Radhika PerrotDr. Williams EzinwaNwagwuErika Kraemer-MbulaDr Simon RobertsAdama Science & TechnologyUniversityTshwane University ofTechnology (TUT)Mapungubwe Institutefor Strategic Reflection(MISTRA)University of South Africa(UNISA)Institute for EconomicResearch on InnovationCentre for Competition,Regulation and EconomicDevelopmentUniversity of JohannesburgAfricalics is a 3-year USD 1.8 Million Projectfunded by Sida through Alborg University in Denmark.To learn more about thae Africalics programme,please visit: Resource Endowmentand InnovationBehaviour of FirmsEngineering DesignCapacity Building andEconomic Developmentin AfricaBuilding low carbon innovationenergy systemsin AfricaThe Role of Women inScience and TechnologyInnovation in GrassrootsAgriculture in AfricaWork organization,competence building andinnovation in formal andinformal microenterprisesin AfricaThe Southern Africanregional value chain formining inputs: An opportunityto build regionaltechnological capabilitiesin the mineral and nonmineralsectors?11 Months15 Months12 Months15 Months15 Months5 MonthsEnjoy the warm and friendly hospitality ofthis Oasis in Nairobi as you soak up thesun and enjoy this wonderful experience.Indulge in a light meal at either MischiefPool, Oasis Poolside Terrace or dine at theOasis Poolside Restaurant. You can alsoenjoy a coffee in the relaxing lounge area.SPECIAL WEEKEND EXPERIENCEKsh 15,500Dinner, Bed & Breakfast inclusive of taxessingle or double occupancy per night.Kids under 12 years stay for freewhen sharing a room with their parentsand get a 50% discount on all meals.Offer valid Friday and Saturday onlyTerms and Conditions applyThe recognition you deserve14 THE AFRICAN TECHNOPOLITANParklands Road, Parklands, Nairobi, Kenya THE AFRICAN TECHNOPOLITAN 15t: +254 (20) 374 0920 I f: +254 (20) 374 8823 I

Energy Centre Modelfor Village EnergyKiosksPILOTING BUSINESS MODELS FORSCALING UP CLEAN LIGHTING ANDIMPROVED COOK STOVES SOLUTIONSIN KENYAThis is a project being undertaken by ACTS through a DFID-TERI partnership.It seeks to pilot clean lighting and improved cook stove solutions that can bescaled up to enhance sustainable energy access for all in Kenya. This is beingdone through a review of existing technological solutions and business modelsas well as identifying barriers to the promotion of clean energy options.Household integrateddomestic energy cook stoveAs at June 2014, 3449 cook stovesand 1576 lighting systems have beendisseminated in 26 counties and 1576lighting systems disseminated in 20 counties.A number of project activities have been implemented this year:• Ten forced draft cook stoves for Kitchen PerformanceTests (KPT) were deployed in five households in Nakurubetween Jan and March.• Controlled Cooking Test (CCT) and KPT for 3 distinctstove models were conducted in Nakuru.• Water Boiling Tests (WBTs) on the modified low costcook stove were conducted in Nakuru in May.• 1576 solar clean lighting devises, 3415 natural draftimproved cook stoves and 34 Forced draft improvedcook stoves were disseminated between March andJune.• Training for solar centre technicians in Ikisaya, KituiCounty was carried on 12th to 14th February. A similartraining was conducted in Nyakach, Homabay Countyon 19th February for 42 participants.• 7 stove fabricators were trained at SCODE Ltd, 3rd-9th February on fabrication of modified low-costforced draft cook stove as a replica of IDEC.• An introductory training for 406 farmers was conductedon 25th April in Kericho.• A workshop was held on 19th June in Nairobi thatbrought together 30 micro finance institutions. Duringthis workshop, ACTS presented a proposal on howthese institutions can finance clean energy access.• ACTS participated in the Global Alliance for CleanCook stoves (GACC) conference from 4th to 5th February.Over 300 participants were in attendance• ACTS convened a stakeholders’ forum on 11th June,in Nairobi which brought together 40 participants todiscuss opportunities and challenges in facilitating disseminationof solar energy products in Kenya.• ACTS participated in the National Clean Cook Stovesand fuels conference held at Safari Park on 4th -7thMarch.Map showing lighting systemsdissemination in different countiesLegend:• Orange color represent counties withhouseholds who have adopted cleanenergy for lighting and cooking;• Green color represents counties withhouseholds who have adopted cleanenergy for cooking only and;• Yellow color represents counties withhouseholds who have adopted cleanenergy for lighting only.16 THE AFRICAN TECHNOPOLITANTHE AFRICAN TECHNOPOLITAN 17

End-users in Migori County receive solarlanterns and improved cook stoves throughACTS’ clean energy access schemeSolar technicians from various countiesundergoing technical training in NakuruPICTORIALDemonstration of prototype forced draft cookstoves during brainstorming workshop in NakuruPhilips cook stoveIDEC stoveDEC in use during CCT in one of the householdsin which the tests were conductedKCJ cook stove18 THE AFRICAN TECHNOPOLITANTHE AFRICAN TECHNOPOLITAN 19

PHDFELLOWSHIPS:GENDER ANDHORTICULTURALVALUE CHAINSACTS is hosting 3 PhD students from HumboldtUniversity in Berlin under the “Diversifying foodsystems: Horticultural Innovations and Learningfor Improved Nutrition and Livelihood in East Africa”(HORTINLEA) Project.• PhD project- Gender Order: Embedding genderin Horticultural value chains to close orreduce the productivity gap? Emma Oketch,Humboldt University, Berlin• PhD project - “Gender Order: Embeddinggender in Horticultural value chains to closeor reduce the productivity gap? CatherineMawia, Humboldt University, Berlin• PhD project - Market Trends and ConsumptionHabits – Meal Culture”. Anne AswaniJomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture &Technology (JKUAT).ENERGY SMART FOODFOR PEOPLE AND CLIMATEAll the PhD Fellowships will run for three years.This study was commissioned by FAO in December 2013 and sought to highlightpost-harvest losses incurred within the agri-food chain and the energy access situationin Sub- Sahara Africa (SSA). The study was concluded in June 2014. The study foundthat lack of appropriate storage facilities is the main factor contributing to post harvestlosses with abiotic factors such as poor weather, insect infestation and lack of accessto modern energy being cited as major barriers to improved storage especially forcereals and fruits.he report also explored the potentialfor using residues fromlocal wood industries to generateenergy for use in postharveststages of the agri-foodchain, taking into considerationsustainability aspects. The casestudies highlighted good practicesto reduce food losses usingenergy and the use of residuesfrom local wood industriesto produce energy for local purposesincluding post-harveststages of agri-food chains.One more case study was presentedwith a discussion ofpossible competing uses ofresidues including animal feed,soil fertility, and bioenergy.Depiction of main PHL and storagemechanisms with possiblewood residues potential for energyprovision within agri-foodchainThe report concludes that electrificationrates are rapidly increasingand the situation islikely to change if resourcesare well allocated. The potentialrenewable energy reservesin individual countries if fullytapped might have a significantimpact on food security in Africa.Utilization of crop residuesfor other purposes other thansoil amendment is likely to leadto more inorganic fertilizer applicationor reduced harvest inpoverty struck rural areas wherefertilizers are not affordable.In order to realize the fruits ofmodern energy in agriculture,planners and farmers have nochoice but to embrace energysmartfood as part of climatesmart agriculture.20 THE AFRICAN TECHNOPOLITANTHE AFRICAN TECHNOPOLITAN 21

PROFILESCODE LTD is a for-profit social enterprise limited by shares incorporated in April, 2008 in accordance with the companiesAct (cap486) of the laws of Kenya. It’s an offshoot of SCODE NGO which has lots of experience in the formulation andimplementation of community based renewable energy projectsSCODE LTD produces and promotes a wide range of renewable energy technologies that guarantee performance and effciency.They are made from longlasting materials and high quality workmanship. These include Improved cook stoves (jikos), solarproducts, biogas / biolatrine systems and other products and services.Scode ltd regions of operations include Nairobi region (Nairobi, Kajiado, Machakos, kiambu, Makueni, Kitui), Mt. Kenyaregion(Meru, Embu, Isiolo, Kirinyaga, Muranga, Nyeri, laikipia), South Rift region (Baringo, Nakuru, Nyahururu, Narok, Bomet,kericho), North Rift region (Uasingishu, Nandi, Transzoia, ElgeyoMarakwet, Pokot), West Kenya region (Bungoma, Busia,Kakamega, Siaya, Vihiga),Nyanzaregion (Kisumu, Kisii, Nyamira, Homabay, Migori, Transmara)INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTIVITY,HEALTH SECTOR PERFORMANCEAND POLICY SYNERGIES FORINCLUSIVE GROWTH:A STUDY IN TANZANIAAND KENYAHIGH EFFICIENCYCOOKSTOVEKUNIMBILISTOVEHOUSEHOLDGASIFIER STOVEINSTITUTIONALGASIFIER STOVETERI GASIFIERCTS in collaboration withREPOA in Tanzania, and theOpen University (UK) have recentlyconcluded a researchproject entitled “Industrial Productivity,Health Sector Performanceand Policy Synergiesfor Inclusive Growth: A Studyin Tanzania and Kenya”. Thestudy identified opportunitiesfor improved supply of essentialmedical commodities tostrengthen health system performance.ACTS is convening a HighLevel Policy Dialogue on September17th, 2014 to sharethe findings of the study andto explore opportunities forimproving health performanceand economic productivity inKenya and Tanzania. The policydialogue workshop will bringtogether key stakeholders inthe health, medical and pharmaceuticalssupply chains inEast Africa from regulators,manufacturers, importers to industryassociations.Door - to- doorDeliveryClean safedrinkingwaterHustle freefor coldand or hotwaterContact InformationPlease do not hesitatecontacting us through;Tel: 020 3534300/1/2, Fax;020 2530830Mobile: 0720/0733 60 33 91Email: info@alpineone.comALPINE COOLERS, DRINK TO THE FUTURE!!!ROCKET STOVEBRIGHTBOXLANTERNINSTITUTIONALSTOVEPOWA PACKLANTERNFIRELESS COOKERFIREFLY LANTERNSOLAR DRYERBRIQUETTESSOLAR HOMELIGHTING SYSTEMMOTO PAP firelightersBIOGAS ANDBIO LATRINEP.O Box 13177—20100, Nakuru, Kenya, Cell: 0723767265; Email:, Website: km from Nakuru town, Along Nakuru—Subukia—Nyahururu highway, Beh ind Heshima Centre (400Meters from the highway)24 THE AFRICAN TECHNOPOLITANTHE AFRICAN TECHNOPOLITAN 25

THE AUDACITY AND HOPEOF OBAMA’S AFRICANECONOMIC DIPLOMACYDr. Cosmas Milton Obote OchiengExecutive DirectorAfrican Centre for Technology StudiesBuffeted by the crises in Ukraine and the Middle East, the Obama administration’s foreign policy isincreasingly characterized as ‘weak’ or ‘failing’. Time will be the ultimate judge of Obama’s overallforeign policy. There is one place however, where Obama’s foreign policy cannot be easily caricaturedas ‘failing’ or ‘weak’: sub Saharan Africa. Indeed, Africa provides the Obama administration withperhaps its last best hope for a globally transformative foreign policy initiative. This might comeas a surprise to many – including in Africa. Obama’s Initiatives in Africa, like many of his initiativeselsewhere, haven’t received robust publicity and marketing as one might have expected from a USPresidential Level Global Initiative.otwithstanding its inability to effectively communicateits African economic diplomacy, theObama administration has arguably some of theboldest, audacious and innovative economic diplomacyinitiatives in Africa since the 1960s.Broadly speaking, the Obama African EconomicDiplomacy is anchored in three main initiatives:• The Power Africa Initiative• The New Alliance for Food Security and NutritionInitiative• The Young African Leadership Initiative(YALI) or the Washington Mandela FellowshipProgramme.Each of Obama’s Africa Initiatives is bold, audacious,and innovative. Each has the potentialto significantly and fundamentally change notonly development conditions in Africa, but US-Africa relations as well as relations between Africaand the rest of the world. All three initiativesare still in early stages and they might yet gothe way of many past economic interventions inAfrica. So far, however, so good.The Power Africa Initiative seeks to double thenumber of people with access to electricity inAfrica within 5 to 10 years. Nothing could domore to alleviate poverty and accelerate Africa’ssocial and economic transformation thanimproved access to power. Two out of threesub Saharan Africans or 600 million people,lack access to electricity. Lack of access to energyconstrains economic growth, perpetuatesthe cycle of poverty and aggravates biodiversitydegradation through deforestation and habitatloss.By leveraging US and African resources, privatesector and technologies to unlock Africa’senormous potential in wind, solar, hydropower,natural gas, and geothermal sectors, the PowerAfrica Initiative seeks to enhance energy security,decrease poverty, and advance economicgrowth in Africa, using a development modelthat encourages African ownership, innovation,technology transfer and sustainability. It is asound development policy and smart economicdiplomacy. While China is focused laser-like onthe low knowledge intensive, natural resourceand infrastructure sectors in Africa, the USPower Initiative leans towards a more sustainablelong game: knowledge intensive, renewableenergy sectors (although the Power Initiativedoes include oil and gas in Uganda andMozambique).From an initial 5-year US Government commitmentof 7 billion dollars, the project has leveraged14 billion dollars in private sector investmentcommitments.The New Alliance for Food Security and NutritionInitiative seeks to lift 50 million people outof poverty within the next 8 years. The AllianceInitiative employs the same business model asthe Power Initiative: leveraging African and US(and in this case global) financial resources,political will, private sector, science and technologyto address the problem ofhunger and food insecurity in Africa.Now in its second year, the Initiativehas made progress against 96 percentof the policy actions it had setfor itself by this time.It is still early days, but in the practiceof international development andforeign aid, this is not a figure to sniffat. Neither is the figure of more than160 companies (two thirds of whomare African) already engaged in theInitiative.In the summer of 2014, 500 young,smart, promising next generationAfrican leaders, aged 25-35 yearsdescended on American universities,colleges, research institutes,government departments, corporateand civil society offices for a 6-weekleadership training as part of PresidentObama’s Young African LeadersInitiative (YALI) or the WashingtonMandela Fellows Programme.These Fellows also got an opportunityto hold a Summit with President Obamajust before the US Africa Summit.Many of these young African leadersgot to meet the US president beforemeeting their own African presidents.YALI is one of the largest US Governmentfacilitated academic exchangesbetween Africa and the US since the‘Kennedy Airlift’ of the 1960s that sawmany first generation post independentAfrican leaders and scholars studyin the US, including among others,Barack Obama Senior and Kenya’senvironmentalist and Nobel PeacePrize winner, Prof. Wangari Maathai.YALI is a long-term investment – anda bet – on the African Youth.It seeks to accelerate democraticand political development in Africaand to strengthen US-Africa ties. TheObama administration has been runningvarious aspects of YALI, includingmore than 2000 Africa Africanyouth programs since at least 2010(e.g. the President’s Young AfricanLeaders Forum (2010) and MichelleObama’s First Lady’s Young AfricanWomen Leaders Forum (2011).There is no telling what will becomeof the YALI Fellows. But if the YALIFellowship ends up producing justa handful of Obamas, Maathais andthe calibre of African intellectuals,industrialists and civil society leadersthat came out of the ‘Kennedy Airlift’,its impact on Africa’s developmentprospects in the 21st century couldbe considerable. At any rate, the Initiativeis shining a much needed light,in a constructive and proactive way,on the African leadership deficit: political,economic, scientific, judicial,corporate, administrative, etc.There is no telling what willbecome of the YALI Fellows.But if the YALI Fellowship endsup producing just a handfulof Obamas, Maathais and thecalibre of African intellectuals,industrialists and civil societyleaders that came out of the‘Kennedy Airlift’, its impact onAfrica’s development prospectsin the 21st century could beconsiderable.The administration is trying to plantthe necessary vital seeds for structuraltransformation and sustainable development.It can and must do moreif its African economic diplomacy isto succeed not only in delivering itsAfrica specific objectives but also asan instrument for US centric globallytransformative foreign policy. If successful,any of the three initiativescould have far reaching impacts onAfrica’s development and its relationshipnot just with the US but also withEurope, China, India and a whole hostof emerging economies.For that to happen however, each ofthe three initiatives must be scaledup considerably: in terms of scope,resources, strategic partnershipsand presidential level attention. As heponders his legacy in an increasinglyturbulent world, President Obamawould do well to remember this. Thereis one place on earth where both fateand sound policy still beckons forgreatness. No American Presidentever came to office with more politicalcapital in Africa than Barack Obama.No American President ever ruled at amore hopeful time for Africa.Just over a decade ago, then BritishPrime Minister Tony Blair stoodat a Labour Party Conference anddescribed Africa as a ‘scar on theworld’s conscience’. When helaunched his ‘Marshall Plan for Africa’,(anchored in the New Partnership forAfrica’s Development (NEPAD) andcharacterized by a focus on increasedtrade, foreign direct investment, goodgovernance and ending civil conflicts)all but incurable optimists, could haveimagined that barely a decade later,the defining narrative in Africa wouldbe that of Africa rising.This is not to credit Tony Blair with Africa’sshifting economic fortunes overthe last decade. He had his share ofmistakes in Africa. Nonetheless, theUK labour governments of Tony Blairand Gordon Brown haven’t receivedas much credit as they deserve fortheir commitment to acceleratingeconomic development in Africa andfor their many development initiativeson the continent: from Tony Blair’sCommission for Africa to the UK’ssupport in the founding of NEPAD, torallying international support for Africa’sdevelopment causes at G8 andother global summits.For better or for worse, the UK labourgovernments of Tony Blair and GordonBrown not only helped shed lighton the African development challenge(making it harder for others within thecontinent and elsewhere to turn ablind eye to the urgency of some ofthese challenges) but more importantly,they best anticipated and articulatedthe case for a more seriousand sophisticated UK, US, EU, Japaneseand Chinese African foreignpolicies, long before EU-Africa, US-Africa, China-Africa and Japan-Africasummits became a stable of global diplomacy.Everyone would benefit from– and had a role in creating – a strongand prosperous Africa.The Blair/Brown governments wentahead to put forward a coherent packageof measures to achieve this goal– measures that had such bipartisanappeal that the Coalition governmentof Prime Minister David Cameronhas largely kept them intact in spiteof the worst recession in British historysince the 1930s. Blair made clearthat his quest to save Africa was asmuch about western self-interest asaltruism. He saw deepening povertyand disillusionment in Africa as fertilebreeding grounds for terrorism in thepost 911 world.26 THE AFRICAN TECHNOPOLITANTHE AFRICAN TECHNOPOLITAN 27

In spite of the boldness and soundnessof his African development initiatives,Barack Obama is yet to make acoherent, administrations’ transcendingcase for a US Africa foreign policygroundedin ‘win-win’ outcomes. As the Blair/Brown/Cameron examples show –indeed as the Clinton/Bush/Obamaadministrations’ examples show withrespect to AGOA and the US PEPFAR Initiative, this is vital.The Power, Feed the Future and YALIinitiatives are innovative and potentiallytransformative win-win initiativesin US-Africa relations. Their successhowever, will require more than theirinherent soundness or boldness. Itwill require serious and sustained effortfrom President Obama himself;US partners and allies, African leaders,the private sector, the intelligentsia,the civil society and ultimately theactivism, dedication, ambition and effortof the African and American peoples.Above all else, it will require theharnessing of applications of science,technology and innovation to solveAfrica’s Energy, Food Security andLeadership challenges.The US has a competitive edge in anumber of technologies whose applicationshave the potential to fundamentallytransform African economieswhilst also yielding significantreturns to the US. Applications ofbiotechnologies, nuclear technologies,space technologies, materialssciences, and information and communicationtechnologies (ICTs) couldhave wide reaching impacts on someof Africa’s long running developmentchallenges: agricultural productivity,food and nutrition security; water andsanitation; energy access; disasterrisk preparedness and resilience; climatechange adaptation and mitigation;financial access, et cetera.Applications of ICTs (the mobile telephoneand the internet) have alreadyrevolutionized the African economyin ways that no one thought possiblejust a decade ago: enhancing accessto financial services, agricultural marketinformation, public health, governance(i.e. e-government) and disasterrisk preparedness. The World Bankestimates that ICTs directly contributeabout 7 per cent of Africa’s GDP. Thisis higher than the global average becausemobile telephony in particular,has been creatively deployed to substitutefor many other services and/or to correct for long running ‘market’and ‘government’ failures in sectorssuch as access to credit and information.Applications of biotechnologies, nuclearand space technologies to Africa’sagricultural, water, energy, healthand environmental challenges couldhave similarly positive impacts. Oneof the little noticed developments inAfrica in recent years has been concertedefforts by African countries, individuallyand collectively, to developcapacities to harness applicationsof nuclear and space sciences andtechnologies for socio-economic development.A number of African countries, includingKenya, Nigeria, South Africa,Senegal and Ethiopia have either developedor are in the process of developingpotentially credible space,nuclear and biotechnology scienceand technology programmes. The USSpace Agency (NASA) would bothbe revitalized and regenerated by anew focus on applications of thesetechnologies and innovations to Africa’sdevelopment challenges.A dynamic US-Africa trade, development,investment and scienceand technology agenda for the 21stcentury must be based on the relativecompetencies and needs of bothregions. Nothing offers a better opportunityfor this than a cooperativeagreement anchored in, and drivenby, harnessing applications of science,technology and innovation forsocio-economic development andenvironmental conservation in Africa.In spite of this, save for South Africaand Egypt, the US has virtually noscience and technology cooperationagreement with African countries.The US could take a number of stepsto fundamentally restructure its relationshipwith Africa in order to create‘win-win’ outcomes.First, the US needs to initiate scienceand technology cooperation agreementswith African countries – eitherbilaterally or regionally. Second,the US should mainstream science,technology and innovation into its aid,trade and foreign policies towardsAfrica. The US African foreign policyshould not be anchored in parochialeconomic and military aid, but in longterm and strategic aid for the developmentof science, technology andinnovation capacity in Africa.Third, the US should embark on aggressivescience diplomacy in Africa.It could establish the positionof Science Attaches or Envoys in allits embassies and missions in Africa.The Science Attaché’s job would beto explore and facilitate opportunitiesfor collaboration (between public andprivate sectors, state, industry anduniversities) in harnessing applicationsof science, technology and innovationfor development. Since 2009,the Obama administration has beenrunning a much lighter programme ofthis nature – the Science Envoy Programme– mostly focused on intensifyingcooperation in science, technologyand innovation between the USand Muslim countries.The US should consider extendingthis programme to all sub Saharan Africancountries. Fourth, the US couldencourage African governments tosend Science Envoys or attaches toAfrican Embassies and Missions inthe US to perform the same functionas US Science Envoys in Africancountries.A truly ‘equal partnership’ betweenAfrica and the US in the 21st centurymust be based on the source ofAfrica’s long term productivity gains:science, technology and innovation.President Obama would do well toarticulate a coherent case for this,to initiate the necessary measuresneeded to achieve this framework andto establish the legislative and policyframework that would ensure that thesustainability of this objective beyondhis administration.transform your life withEcoZoom offers a variety of ecological products designed to transform lives.Our cookstoves, solar lights and water filters are...Healthyless no visible toxic smoke, burnsand diseasesEfficientsaves money, save by using fueland save timecooking transformedsave over Ksh 14,000 a year!• Save 60% on charcoal expenses and 55% onfirewood• Emit significantly less smoke and toxicemissions• Keep pots clean – less scrubbing!• Last 2-5 years• 1-year warranty• Look and feel of an appliancedrinking transformedsave over Ksh 20,000 a year!• Prevents diarrhea, cholera and typhoid• Removes dirt, colors and ordors• Kills bacteria and parasites• Stores water safely to drink later• Less trips to the doctor• Lasts 3 yearslighting transformedEcoZoom | Customer Care: 0706 363 | www.ecozoomstove.comEcofriendlyEnvironmentalfewer trees cut and lessclimate changing gasessave over Ksh 30,000 a year!• 15x brighter than kerosene• 36 hours of light on 1 day’s charge• Mobile phone charging• More study time allowed• 5-year battery life• 2-year warranty28 THE AFRICAN TECHNOPOLITANTHE AFRICAN TECHNOPOLITAN 29

CAPACITY BUILDINGNEW MSc MODULE IN INNOVATIONAND DEVELOPMENT LAUNCHEDNATIONAL TRAINING WORKSHOP ONMAINSTREAMING CLIMATE CHANGEINTO POLICY MAKING IN KENYAl-n aAfricaLics Dar es Salaam WorkshopCTS Science and Technology Policy Institute(STPI) work managing the AfricaLics Secretariathas resulted in the development of a modelMasters level module on Innovation and Developmentfor incorporation into existing Mastersprogrammes in AfricaLics’ partner universities:University of Dar es Salaam in Tanzania, MakerereUniversity in Uganda, Moi University andthe Pan African University Institute for BasicSciences, Technology and Innovation locatedat Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture andTechnology located in Kenya. This is an openaccess model available for anyone to downloadand tailor to their Master programme needs. Aresidential version of the module at the AfricanScience and Technology Policy Institute (STPI)is currently being explored.The module takes into account the needs anddemands of the private sector and governmentministries across the region. The module seeksto strengthen the capacity of African universitiesto conduct research and teaching on harnessingapplications of science, technology and innovationpolicy for sustainable development in Africa.The model module is available for downloadhere: in partnership with the PanAfrican Climate Justice Alliance(PACJA), Act Change Transform,and the Ministry of Environment,Water and Natural Resources organizedthe national consultativeand training workshop on mainstreamingclimate change intopolicies and programmes in Kenyaat Milele Hotel on 31st March– 1st April 2014. The workshopwas attended by 200 participantsfrom the county governments, civilsociety, media and private sectorin Kenya.Ms. Fatuma Mohamed, the ActingDirector of the Climate ChangeSecretariat at the Ministry of Environment,Water and NaturalResources, assured participantsthat the national government iscommitted to strengthening partnershipwith all stakeholders onissues of climate change andenvironmental protection in thecountry:• The Constitution of Kenya,2010 has elevated issues ofenvironment and developmentas human rights, which effectivelylays a firm foundation forclimate change work. The Constitutionrequires that all existingpolicies, laws and otherinstruments should be alignedto it. This provides for an opportunityfor policy and legalreforms that will integrate climatechange into the nationaldevelopment agenda.• Climate Change has beenintegrated into the SecondMedium-Term Plan (MTP-II) ofthe Kenya’ Vision 2030, whichseeks to transform Kenya intoa : “newly industrializing, middleincome country providinga high quality of life to all itscitizens by 2030 in a clean andsecure environment’’.• Nevertheless, there are numerousuncoordinated adaptation& mitigation programmes,projects and activities implementedby different stakeholders,hence the need for ‘mainstreaming’and coordination.Kenya has progressed in meetingits international obligations bylaunching the National ClimateResponse Strategy (NCCRS) andthe National Climate Change ActionPlan (NCCAP 2013-2017).The NCCAP Stakeholders (Ministryof Environment, GOK, 2010)NCCAP Subcomponents (Ministryof Environment, GOK, 2010)Key Recommendations of theNCCAP:• Kenya to formulate stand-alonecoherent Climate Change Policy• Kenya to formulate ClimateChange Law• Facilitate miscellaneousamendments• Institutional reforms30 THE AFRICAN TECHNOPOLITANTHE AFRICAN TECHNOPOLITAN 31

POLICY DIALOGUEAND OUTREACHACTS LAUNCHES AQUARTERLY SEMINARSERIES ON INNOVATIONAND DEVELOPMENT INAFRICATHE 8TH CONFERENCEON COMMUNITY-BASEDADAPTATION TO CLIMATECHANGE, 24TH-30THAPRIL, 2014THE WATERDIALOGUESERIES INKENYAhe Water Dialogue is a multistakeholderplatform, bringingtogether water practitioners, projectmanagers, entrepreneurs,researchers and capacity buildersto exchange knowledge andlearn from each other. Waterplayers recognize that water resourcesmanagement and developmentis a long-term processwhich requires coordination andcooperation. The Water DialogueSeries seeks to promote nationaldialogue on sustainable watermanagement for socio-economicdevelopment and environmentalprotection.Structurally, the Water Dialogueinvolves a series of short multistakeholderdialogues and knowledgesharing grounded in evidenceeither generated throughresearch or implementation. Themain tool for promoting knowledgeexchange is monthly forumsheld every second Tuesday. Theforums are supported by variousstakeholders on a voluntary basis.Some of the past themes coveredinclude:• Tapping Ground Water Resourcesin Northern Kenya-Knowledge, Vulnerability andOpportunities, 7th October,2013,supported by UN-ESCO• Challenges and Lessonsfrom Water Sector Reformsand Devolution, 11th Nov.2013, Supported by WASPA• The Role of Professional Associationin Sustainable WaterDevelopment , 10th Dec.2013supported by Water Cap• Official Launch of the WaterDialogue – 14thFebruary,2014, Supported by BfZ, WaterCap, IEWM, NEMA,• Governance and Integrity inWater Sanitation and Hygiene–11th March, Supported by Instituteof Water and EnvironmentManagement(IEWM) incollaboration with the KenyaWater and SanitationNetwork(KEWASNET)• Water Innovations and Entrepreneurship’- 8th April 2014supported by Kenya CICThe current partners include: UN-ESCO, UNDP, NEMA, Museumsof Kenya, Water Cap, SWAPBfZgmbh, IEWM, KCIC andACTS. ACTS in partnership withEgerton University co-hosted the7th edition of the water dialogueon 26th June at the StrathmoreBusiness School. The theme waswater innovations and entrepreneurshipresearch from Kenya’.The dialogue acknowledged thatlow attention has been given towater resource management andinnovations. There is need to reviewexisting policies and regulations,and to provide incentivesfor new technologies and innovations,with specific reference tocatchment management, adaptationto climate change and upgradingof existing public systemsand wastewater re-use.7th edition of the water dialogueat Strathmore Business SchoolNext Water Dialogue Sessions• August, Water Bill 2014 byKenya Climate Innovation Centre(KCIC)• Sept, GIS borehole & waterpoint mapping by Water Cap• October, Infrastructure for water,food and energy nexus bySWAP - BFZ• November, Managing Drought& Floods by UNESCO• December, Water Education– links between academia &industry by UNESCOACTS has launched a Quarterly Seminar Series onInnovation and Development in Africa. This quarterlyseminar series promotes evidence based dialogue onthe relationship between innovation policy and sustainabledevelopment.Each Seminar is 90 minutes long and is typically heldin the late afternoon. The Seminar Series is open tomembers of the public. The series is made possiblethrough funding from Sida as part of the AfricaLicsproject.The first Seminar took place in April 2014. Dr. KevitDesai, Chairman of LIWA (Linking Industry with Academia)Kenya Trust was the Guest Speaker. His talkon “Productivity and Innovation through Linking Industryand Academia” highlighted the growing opportunitiesand business models for university-industry cooperationin Kenya.Overall, it was felt that the degree of private sectoruniversitycollaboration in the generation, developmentand uptake of innovations in Kenya is still significantlylow, although interest is growing.The next seminar will take place in November 2014and will be webcast live.For more information on AfricaLics please visit the AfricaLicswebsite or email us at adaptation (CBA) recognizesthat environmental knowledge, vulnerabilityand resilience to climate impacts are embeddedin societies and cultures. Therefore,the focus needs to be on empowering andsupporting communities to take action basedon their own decision-making processes.Since the inception of the annual CBA conferenceeight years ago, ACTS has consistentlyparticipated and shared its research outputson climate change adaptation in Africa. Formore information on CBA8 click here THE AFRICAN TECHNOPOLITANTHE AFRICAN TECHNOPOLITAN 33

ACTS WELCOMES 6 NEW RESEARCH FELLOWSDr Haile Michael Teshome DemissieSenior Research Fellow, Inclusive Bio economyDr. Raymond MugwanyaSenior Research Fellow, Information economy Programme.Dr. George Ruchathi MwanikiSenior Research Fellow under theClimate Resilient EconomiesDr. Joel R.A. HoudetSenior Research Fellow (ResponsibleNatural Resources Economies)Dr Haile Michael Teshome Demissie has joined ACTS as aSenior Research Fellow, Inclusive Bio economy.Dr Haile Michael Teshome Demissie obtained his PhDfrom King’s College London and his LLM with distinctionfrom the University of Warwick, UK. Before coming toACTS, he was a postdoctoral research fellow at TshwaneUniversity of Technology in Pretoria, South Africa.Dr Demissie’s background is in law. He uses different disciplinaryapproaches in probing issues of economic development.His main research interest is on the opportunitiesafforded by emerging technologies and on harnessing thepower of these technologies to tackle the pervasive andpersistent challenges of poverty and inequality. Dr Demissie’sresearch has highlighted the need for a new globalpolicy on enhanced benefit-sharing to ensure the equitabledistribution of the benefits of mature as well as emergingtechnologies. The disruptive power and the likely globalimpact of emerging technologies such as biotechnologies,nanotechnologies, ICTs and robotics makes the case forinterrogating the efficacy of current global public policyand practice on the governance of emerging technologies.Dr. Demissie has published on the ‘beneficent regulation’of nanotechnology, on the phenomenon of the ‘nano-divide’and Africa’s fate in the event of a fully-fledged ‘nanodivide’global development. He has recently co-edited abook: Unite or Perish? Africa Fifty Years after the Foundingof the OAU. The article he co-authored, ‘Re-inventing theGM Debate in Ethiopia’, has been published in the journalScience, Technology and Society.Prior to his postgraduate studies, Dr Demissie served asan appeals judge at City Court of the Addis Ababa CityGovernment, as legal advisor at the Office of the Mayor ofAddis Ababa, as a part-time lecturer at Unity College (nowUniversity), and as judge at Addis Ababa High Court.Dr. Raymond Mugwanya has joined ACTS as a Senior ResearchFellow, Information Economy Programme.Dr. Mugwanya is a seasoned professional in user experiencedesign, usability analysis, usability evaluation andeducational technology. He seeks to change lives andlivelihoods by developing technology solutions that offerdramatic improvements over existing ones. Dr. Mugwanyareceived his Ph.D. in Computer Science from theUniversity of Cape Town under the supervision of Prof.Gary Marsden (UCT) and Prof. John Traxler (University ofWolverhampton, UK). He also holds a MSc. In Computingfrom Liverpool and a Bachelor of Statistics degree fromMakerere University.Dr. Mugwanya has held the positions of Deputy Chair andChair of the Department of Information Technology at MakerereUniversity. He has mentored over 100 undergraduateand graduate students and has also been involved inpolicy advancement and quality assurance at MakerereUniversity. Dr. Mugwanya is an enthusiastic Arsenal fanand occasionally plays seven-a-side soccer in his freetime. Raymond’s research interests include among others– Educational technology, Interaction design, UsabilityEvaluation and ICT4D. He is married with two children.Dr. George Ruchathi Mwaniki has joined ACTS as a SeniorResearch Fellow, Climate Resilient Economies.Prior to this position, Dr Mwaniki was the director for programmesat the National Environment Trust Fund (NET-FUND), where he was responsible for planning, designingand coordinating the implementation of sustainableenvironmental management projects including communitybased sustainable land management. Dr Mwaniki wasalso engaged by the Kenya Investment Authority as a leadconsultant in the development of the Green InvestmentGuidelines for Kenya (GIGK).Dr. Mwaniki holds a Doctorate degree in EnvironmentalScience from Washington State University, a Master’s degreein Environmental Engineering from Montana Tech ofthe University of Montana and a BSc in Environmental andBio systems engineering from the University of Nairobi.Dr. Mwaniki has over 10 years’ experience in environmentmanagement, specializing in various areas including airquality, green economy, environmental policy, sustainabledevelopment, and alternative energy. He has previouslyworked in various institutions: The Institute of Nuclear Sciencesand Technology, University of Nairobi; US EnvironmentalProtection Agency (EPA) and Washington StateUniversity.Dr. Mwaniki has participated in several regional and internationalenvironmental research projects including: AtmosphericBrown Clouds Africa (ABC Africa) on MountKenya; high altitude climate monitoring at the RuwenzoriMountains in Uganda; aerosol flux measurements in Xi’anChina; greenhouse gases flux measurements in Xi’an China;Community Atmosphere- Biosphere Interactions Experimentin Michigan United States; and the Treasure ValleyPM2.5 precursor study in Boise Idaho, United States.Dr. Mwaniki has published several peer reviewed articlesin top international journals. He is married with one child.Dr. Joel R.A. Houdet has joined ACTS as a Senior ResearchFellow, Responsible Natural Resource Economiesand ACTS Country Representative, South Africa.He is an expert on natural capital accounting, ecosystemvaluation and sustainability reporting and is involvedin several high profile initiatives, including the drafting ofthe Natural Capital Protocol and several work streams ofthe Intergovernmental Platform on Biodiversity and EcosystemServices (IPBES). Joël holds a PhD in ManagementSciences from AgroParisTech (France), a Masters inPracticing Accounting from Monash University (Australia)and Bachelor of Sciences from Rhodes University (SouthAfrica).He also has 5 years’ experience in the think tank industryin Paris. He worked for OREE / CREED - Veolia Environmentas a research engineer and advisor to CAC40 companies,SMEs and public organisations on biodiversity andecosystem services issues. He was also the President cofounderof Synergiz from 2006 to January 2013, a Parisbasedthink tank which works on urban ecosystems andthe business and biodiversity nexus.In his spare time, Dr. Houdet enjoys eco-tourism, sci-finovels and Reunion Island’s dishes!34 THE AFRICAN TECHNOPOLITANTHE AFRICAN TECHNOPOLITAN 35

Ms. Winnie Khaemba hasjoined ACTS as a ResearchFellow, Climate ResilientEconomies/Gender Youthand Inclusive Developmenteffective 1st September2014. Winnie is an environmentalenthusiast. Herareas of interest include:sustainable development,climate change, natural resourcemanagement andenvironmental law and policy.Winnie has been activelyinvolved in environmental,sustainable developmentand climate change worksince 2006 and has participatedat various forumsboth locally and internationally.She has workedclosely with youth, grassroot communities, and otherinterest groups to fosterenvironmental and climatechange awareness, and topromote sustainable development.These include the youthclimate change movement(AYICC) where she servedin various capacities andled a number of projects includingenvironmental education,trainings, seminarsMs. Winnie KhaembaResearch Fellow, Climate ResilientEconomies/Gender Youth andInclusive Developmentas well as national youthconferences on climatechange.Winnie has also workedwith in grassrootsmovement building andmobilization as the East &West African Liaison andCoordinator. In 2011, shewas one of the coordinatorsof the Youth ClimateJustice caravan, a part ofthe ‘We Have Faith’ Campaignaimed at mobilizingand creating awareness onclimate change ahead ofglobal climate talks in Durban.She currently servesas an advisor to the ExecutiveBoard of the AfricanYouth Initiative on ClimateChange (AYICC) and isa Member of the GlobalGreen Grants’ Next GenerationClimate Board(NGCB).Winnie holds a master’sdegree in Law and EnvironmentalScience (Universityof Nottingham), a Bachelor’sdegree in EnvironmentalStudies (KenyattaUniversity) and is currentlyworking towards an MScClimate Change (Universityof Nairobi).NATASHA L. FROSINAResearch Fellow, Information Economyand Strategic Partnerships Coordinator.Prior to joining ACTS, Ms. Frosinaworked for myAgro, a social enterprisebased in Bamako, Mali.While working for myAgro inMali, Natasha successfully piloteda micro loan programme andmanaged the professionalizationof over 200+ myAgro vendorsthroughout rural Mali.Ms. Frosina also served as CommunicationsAdvisor for SparkMicroGrants, where she oversawthe development of the organization’snew website and capturedproject impact stories. She alsoserved as a Monitoring and EvaluationAssociate with Spark MicroGrantsin Rwanda, where shehelped design and implement animpact evaluation study.Mr. Frosina holds an MSc in AfricanStudies from the Universityof Oxford. She also holds a International Affairs from theGeorge Washington University,where she graduated Phi BetaKappa and Summa Cum Laude.SAVE THE DATE:HIGH LEVEL POLICY ROUND TABLE.IMPROVING HEALTH SECTORPERFORMANCE IN KENYA AND TANZANIA:IS THERE A FUTURE FOR THE LOCALMANUFACTURING INDUSTRY?Nairobi, 17TH SEPTEMBER, 2014he African Centre for TechnologyStudies (ACTS)in collaboration with Researchfor Poverty Alleviation(REPOA) Tanzania,and the Open University(UK) recently concludeda research project on “IndustrialProductivity, HealthSector Performance andPolicy Synergies for InclusiveGrowth in Tanzania andKenya”.The study identified policyoptions and incentives forenhancing the supply ofessential pharmaceuticaland medical products in orderto strengthen nationalhealth system performancein the two countries.ACTS, REPOA, the OpenUniversity and the PharmaceuticalSociety of Kenya(PSK) will be convening aHigh Level Policy Roundtableon the 17th of September2014 in Nairobi toexplore these findings andthe opportunities they presentfor improving healthperformance and economicproductivity in Eastern Africa.The Policy Dialoguewill bring together keystakeholders in the nationalhealth systems in the regionincluding governmentagencies and departments;the medical and academiccommunity; the pharmaceuticalsupply chain; andthe broader private sectorin Kenya.Key Speakers and Panelistsat the Conference include:Mr. James Macharia, CabinetSecretary, Ministry ofHealth, Republic of KenyaDr. Paul Mwaniki, President,Pharmaceutical Society ofKenya (PSK),Prof. G.B.A. Okello, Vice-Chair, ACTS GoverningCouncil (former, Director ofMedical Services, Kenya)Dr. Cosmas Ochieng, ExecutiveDirector, ACTSDr Watu Wamae, ACTSProf. Sam Wangwe, ExecutiveDirector, REPOADr. Wilberforce Wanyanga,Executive Director, PharmaQMr Walter Okok, Chair,Kenya Health Federation(KHF)Key industry associationsrepresented include:Federation of Kenya PharmaceuticalManufacturersKenya Pharmaceutical DistributorsAssociationHospital Pharmacists Associationof KenyaKenya Association of PharmaceuticalIndustriesKenya Pharmaceutical AssociationWe shall be tweeting theevent live. Please follow uson twitter @ACTS36 THE AFRICAN TECHNOPOLITANTHE AFRICAN TECHNOPOLITAN 37

ACTS TO CONVENEA WORKING SESSIONAT THE WTO PUBLICFORUM ON AFRICA’STRADE AND DEVELOPMENTFUTURE POST 2015The African Centre for Technology Studies (ACTS) will be convening a day long‘Working Session’ at the WTO in Geneva on 2nd October 2014 to explore thepotential trade, financial and development impacts of post 2015 Africa’s globaland regional trade architecture under five sets of scenarios: (a) EU-Africa traderelations under EPAs and alternatives to EPAs; (b) Africa-US trade relationsunder different permutations of post 2015 AGOA trade agreement/s; (c) themultilateral Doha development Round; (d) Africa-China trade relations and (e)intra-African FTAs.he ACTS convened Working Sessionwill seek to shed light on thefollowing questions:• What are the implications forAfrica’s trade, development andfinancial needs if at the end of2014/2015, the bulk of or muchof EU-Africa or US-Africa traderelations reverts back to eitherthe EU Generalized System ofPreferences (GSP) for developingcountries or the US GSP forAfrica?• What are the potential alternativesto EPAs and the postAGOA US-Africa trade agreements?• What is the trade, developmentand financial potential ofincreased intra African trade?Under what, if any conditions,might this be a feasible alternativeto the EPAs?• What is the trade, developmentand financial potential of theDoha development round for Africa?The Panelists for the ACTS convenedWTO Working Session onthe Future of Trade and Developmentin Africa include:• Dr. John Mutunga, Chief Executive,Kenya National FarmersFederation (KENAFF)• Ms. Jane Ngige, Executive Director,Kenya Flower Council(KFC)• Dan Machemba, Executive Director,Tanzania Chamber ofCommerce, Industry and Agriculture(TCCIA)• Michael Galabuzi, SecretaryGeneral, Uganda NationalChamber of Commerce and Industry(UNCCI)• Agayo Ogambi, Kenya NationalChamber of Commerce and Industry(KNCCI)• Prof. Mwangi Kimenye, BrookingsInstitution, Africa GrowthInitiative• Prof. Francis Matambalya, NordicAfrica Institute• Dr. Erja Askola, Trade Affairs,European Commission, DG InternationalTrade• Dr. Cosmas Milton OboteOchieng, Executive Director,ACTS.ACTS TO CO HOST THE 9THINTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ONCOMMUNITY BASED ADAPTATIONTO CLIMATE CHANGE IN NAIROBI,KENYA, 23-30 APRIL, 2015.enya was nominated at the conclusionof the last CBA conferencein Nepal to host the 9th Conferencein Nairobi from the 23rd to30th April 2015. The Governmentof Kenya is the official host withthe African Centre for TechnologyStudies (ACTS) being the co- hostand Secretariat for the Conference.Co-Organizers of the 9thConference so far include: UnitedNations Environment Programme(UNEP), United Nations DevelopmentProgramme- Small GrantProgramme (UNDP-SGP), NationalEnvironment ManagementAuthority (NEMA)-Kenya, CAREInternational, World Agro-forestryCentre (ICRAF), National DroughtManagement Authority (NDMA)-Kenya, Ministry of Planning andDevolution (Kenya), National EnvironmentTrust Fund (NETFUND),Council of Governors (CG)-Kenya,International Institute for Environmentand Development (IIED)-UK,Bangladesh Centre for AdvanceStudies (BCAS)-Bangladesh,Transparency International (TI)-Kenya, Kenya Private Sector Alliance(KEPSA), Climate InnovationCentre (CIC)-Kenya, Pan AfricanClimate Justice Alliance (PACJA)and the Kenya Environment andScience Journalists Association(KENSJA).The proposed theme for the CBA9conference is “Measuring Effectivenessand Enhancing of CommunityBased Adaptation”. Theconference will examine and exploreways of enhancing the effectivenessof CBA approach toadaptation to climate change. Towhat extent has the approachedcontributed to influencing the climatechange agenda at global,national and local levels? Mainstreamingclimate change in nationaldevelopment policies? Mobilizingfinancing for communitybased climate or ecosystem basedadaptation projects? In what wayscould it enhance effective implementationof climate adaptationinitiatives at national and local levels?The discussion on effectivenessis considered timely as financialresources for adaptation are likelyto grow in the coming years. Theneed to ensure that climate financesand other efforts are directedwhere they are most needed andin ways that yield the greatest possibleimpact on climate, livelihoodand ecosystem adaptation and resilienceis therefore of paramountimportance. The CBA9 comes atan opportune time for Kenya andthe global climate change and developmentagenda.The outcomes of the conferencewill make significant contributionsto the global climate change andsustainable development agenda(most notably UNFCCC COP 21in Paris and post 2015 SDGs implementation)as well as nationalclimate change initiatives, withspecific reference to climate legislationand policy implementationin Kenya. The CBA9 also falls inthe year that marks the transitionfrom the Millennium DevelopmentGoals (MDGs) to the post 2015sustainable development agenda.The Global Adaptation Networkis also expected to be launched inNairobi around the same time.The CBA9 Conference will thusprovide an opportunity for Kenya,other developing countries, UNagencies, the private sector, academia,civil society, media andlocal communities to share andshowcase their approaches to climatechange and the post 2015sustainable development goals.The 9th CBA Conference shallidentify and show case studies ofcommunity based adaptation initiativesfrom Africa, Asia, Arab andLatin America that exemplify lessonslearned about the opportunitiesand challenges posed by theCBA approach. The Conferenceshall draw about four hundreddelegates from around the world,representing various stakeholdergroups including governments, UNagencies, the private sector, academia,civil society, media, and localcommunities.The Conference shall run for sixand half days and shall be organizedas follows:Three-day site visit to pre-identifiedcommunity based adaptationprojects on 24th, 25th &26th April, 2014 in Kenya. Thedelegates shall be divided intogroups of 20, and each groupshall visit one region hosting communitybased adaptation projectsin Kenya. The purpose of the sitevisits is to enable delegates tosee first- hand the opportunitiesand challenges embedded in theCBA approach to climate changeand to share their knowledge andexperiences. Delegates will arriveon 23th April and all groups willdepart from the Conference venuefor the field on the Morning of 24thApril and return to Nairobi on 26thApril. The three days will be spentin the field and delegates will beaccommodated in hotels near theproject sites on the night of 24thand 25th April.Three and half days of conventionalconference proceedings on27th, 28th, 29th and half day of30th April Nairobi. This shall bedivided into:• Plenary Sessions: The PlenarySessions shall be open to alldelegates and shall address‘big picture’ issues on the themeof the conference• Parallel Sessions: The ParallelSessions shall each address aspecific aspect of the broadertheme• Poster Sessions and documen-38 THE AFRICAN TECHNOPOLITANTHE AFRICAN TECHNOPOLITAN 39

taries: Sessions will be organizedfor presentation of posters andother documentaries to ensure asmany participants as possible getsthe opportunity to present.• High Level Climate Change PolicyRound Tables: The Policy RoundTables shall bring together policymakers and key experts to exploredifferent aspects of the CBA andClimate Change Agenda. In additionto having a session for policymakers during the main conference,policy round tables will beorganized in the period leading tothe main event to allow policy makerstease out key issues for Kenyaand the region as far adaptation isconcerned. In particular, four setsof High Level Policy Roundtablesare planned:• African Climate Change ParliamentaryPolicy Roundtable: bringingtogether key parliamentaryrepresentatives from the continentcharged with climate change legislation,financing and policy oversightto strengthen their capacitiesand to provide them with a forumto share their experiences and tolearn from each other and otherstakeholders.• African Climate Change NegotiatorsPolicy Roundtable: to bringtogether African climate changenegotiators, leading climate scientists,policy makers and otherstakeholders to dialogue on Africanneeds, interests and negotiatingtactics at global climatechange processes with particularreference to COP 21 and the criticalrole that community and ecosystembased adaptation shouldplay in any climate agreements.• Kenya Private Sector ClimateChange Policy Roundtable: tobring together the private sectorand other stakeholders to exploreeffective ways through which theprivate sector can contribute to climatechange adaptation in Kenya.• Kenya Youth Climate ChangeRoundtable: Experience from previousCBA conferences has shownthat many young people includingstudents, recent graduates andyoung researchers are interestedin participating in the CBA conferencesbut often lack resourcesto do so. Additionally, the fact thatthe conference is internationalmeans that only a small numbercan be accommodated within themain programme. It is against thisbackground that the National OrganizingCommittee (NOC) is proposingto host a parallel event forthe Youth during the conferenceto allow for greater participation ofthe youth in the CBA conferenceand activities as well as intergenerationallearning and knowledgesharing on climate change.The National Organizing Committee(NOC) also proposes to publish (a)proceedings of the various High LevelPolicy Round Tables and (b) CBAConference Proceedings through theACTS Press either as an edited bookor as a series of ‘Working Papers’ onCommunity Based Adaptation to ClimateChange.Proposed Sessions at the 9th CBAConference:• CBA and Climate Financing• CBA and Governance• CBA and UNFCCC Conferenceof Parties• CBA and Livelihoods Resilience• CBA and Ecosystem Resilience• CBA and Agriculture and FoodSecurity• CBA and Sustainable Energy Solutions• CBA and Water Security• CBA and Science, Technologyand Innovation• CBA and Market Linkage/Connectivity• CBA and Vulnerable Groups• CBA and Green EconomyFor more information on how to participatein the CBA Conference,Please email us at: info@acts-net.orgA SNAPSHOT OFACTS ALUMNI:WHERE ARETHEY NOW?ManuChandariaFormerly, Member of the GoverningCouncil, African Centre for TechnologyStudies (ACTS), now Chairman of theComcraft Group of CompaniesProf. Calestous JumaFounding Executive Director African Centre forTechnology Studies (ACTS), now professor of thePractice of International Development and Director ofthe Science, Technology and Globalization Project atKennedy School of Government, Harvard University.Prof. Judi W.WakhunguFormerly, Executive Director, African Centre forTechnology Studies (ACTS), now Cabinet Secretary,Ministry of Water, Environment and NaturalResources, Kenya.Hon. JusticeProf. Jackton B.OjwangProf. John MugabeFormerly, Dean of the ACTS Collegeof scholars and member of the executivecommittee of the ACTS Governing Council,now Supreme Court Judge, Kenya.Formerly, Executive Director African Centre forTechnology Studies (ACTS), now Professor at thegraduate school of Technology Management andResearch Associate at the Institute for TechnologyInnovation (ITI), University of Pretoria. He is also ascience and innovation policy consultant for theWorld Bank Institute and an associate of the NextEinstein Initiative (NEI) of the African Institute forMathematical Sciences (AIMS) in Cape Town.40 THE AFRICAN TECHNOPOLITANTHE AFRICAN TECHNOPOLITAN 41

THANK YOU!TO OUR DONORS AND PARTNERSProf. Goran HydenFormerly, Governing Council Member, AfricanCentre for Technology Studies (ACTS), now Prof.Emeritus, University of Florida.Prof. PatriciaKameri-MboteDr. Godber TumushabeFormerly, Research Fellow at African Centre forTechnology (ACTS), founding Executive DirectorACODE (Advocates Coalition for Developmentand Environment) Uganda, currently at StanfordLaw School.Boaz Blakie KeizireACT AllianceThe World BankFord FoundationAustrian Development Agency.Alborg UniversityOslo UniversityOpen UniversityUniversity of EdinburghUniversity of JohannesburgUniversity of South Africa (UNISA)Adama UniversityMoi UniversityHumboldt UniversityEgerton UniversityUniversity of Dar es SalaamUniversity of NairobiWorld Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF)Third World Academy of Sciences (TWAS)Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture andTechnologyKenyatta UniversityMasinde Muliro UniversityStrathmore UniversityClimate Innovation Centre, KenyaNORAD: Norwegian Agency for DevelopmentCooperationSIDA: Swedish International DevelopmentCooperation AgencyDFID: UK Department for InternationalDevelopmentESRC, EPSRC: UK Research CouncilsDANIDA: Danish International DevelopmentAgencyIDRC: International Development ResearchCentreIIED: International Institute for Environment andDevelopmentFAO: Food and Agriculture Organization ofthe United NationsINASP: International Network for theAvailability of Scientific PublicationsTERI: The Energy and Resources Institute of IndiaPACJA: Pan African Climate Justice AssociationNACOSTI: National Council for Science,Technology and Innovation (Kenya)BCAS: Bangladesh Centre for Advanced StudiesELCI: Environmental Liaison Centre InternationalFormerly, Director of Research ACTS, now, Dean,Faculty of Law, University of Nairobi.Formerly, Research Fellow at ACTS, now, Head, theComprehensive Africa Agriculture DevelopmentProgram (CAADP), the African Union Commission inAddis Ababa, EthiopiaDr. Evans KituyiVictor OrindiProviding developmentcommunication solutions throughstrategic creative thinking.Formerly, Senior Research Fellow, ACTS,now Senior Program Specialist, CollaborativeAdaptation Research Initiative in Africa andAsia, IDRC.Formerly, Research Fellow, ACTS, now,Climate Change Advisor, National DroughtManagement Authority (NDMA) Kenya.CONCEPTUALISATION & DEVELOPMENT OF COMMUNICATION SOLUTIONS TO ORGANISATIONSCONFERENCE SUPPORT • BRANDING • PROMOTIONAL MATERIALS • PRINT & ELECTRONIC | Mobile: +254 722 52997542 THE AFRICAN AFRICAN TECHNOPOLITAN 43

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