the hague process annual report 2007 - The Hague Process on ...

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the hague process annual report 2007 - The Hague Process on ...

PART IVISION, MISSION AND PRIORITIES1.1 Refugees and Migration are urgentglobal challenges1.2 General Priorities“It is fantastic what THP is doingnow. With very little financial capacity,but with a lot of enthusiasmand dedication, a lotof progress has been made overong>theong> past years.”Visionong>Theong> Declaration of ong>Theong> ong>Hagueong> on ong>theong> Future of Refugeeand Migration Policy is based on ong>theong> vision of a just worldwhere migrants and refugees contribute to economic andsocial development, cultural richness and diversity withoutsuffering discrimination and human rights violations.Missionong>Theong> ong>Hagueong> ong>Processong> on Refugees and Migration Foundation(THP) has as its mission to support ong>theong> implementation ofthis Declaration. To this end THP:• Brings togeong>theong>r a global network of stakeholders from awide range of backgrounds• Generates innovative concepts and approaches in ong>theong>field of refugee and migration policy within a developmentand human rights perspective• Functions as an independent catalyst for policy dialogueand initiatives• Provides a high-level discussion forum of independentand prominent personalities on pertinent refugee and migrationissues united in ong>theong> Club of ong>Theong> ong>Hagueong>• Promotes its mission through a limited number of keyprojects and cooperation effortsTHP seeks to build awareness of ong>theong> multiple ways in whichmigrants, refugees and oong>theong>r displaced persons add valueto societies. It contributes to policy making based on factualevidence; it welcomes input from experts of all kinds;it respects ong>theong> many different interests of its stakeholdersso as to address more comprehensively changing migrationpatterns, societal challenges and opportunities; it focuseson innovative approaches and concrete solutions.1.1 Refugees and Migration are urgent globalchallengesIn his foreword to this ong>reportong>, Chairman of ong>theong> Board HRHPrince Constantijn sketched ong>theong> urgency of refugee andmigration issues. Currently, about 200 million people forma complex and dynamic group of migrants, comprising labourmigrants and ong>theong>ir families, refugees, asylum seekersand oong>theong>r displaced persons. Population movements raisehumanitarian and security concerns that continue to in-tensify. Demographic trends, with ong>theong> ageing of ong>theong> populationand shrinking of ong>theong> labour force in certain parts ofong>theong> world, pose an additional challenge for ong>theong> years tocome. This all illustrates an already well-established fact:“ong>Theong> ong>Hagueong> ong>Processong> is an inspiration to migrationpolicymakers and stakeholders around ong>theong>world”Peter Suong>theong>rland, Club of ong>Theong> ong>Hagueong> Member and UNSpecial Representative for International Migration andDevelopmentmigration will be one of ong>theong> great challenges of ong>theong> 21stcentury. This challenge also implies enormous opportunities– economic development is ong>theong> clearest example.ong>Theong> ong>Hagueong> ong>Processong> on Refugees and Migration (THP) recognisesong>theong>se common challenges and opportunities concerningrefugee and migration policy. THP acts in line withong>theong> vision encapsulated in ong>theong> 21 Principles of ong>Theong> Declarationof ong>Theong> ong>Hagueong> on ong>theong> Future of Refugee and MigrationPolicy, issued in 2002 but still highly relevant today. Itstates in its Preamble: ‘Our starting point is to re-think ong>theong>long term interests of states and societies as well as ong>theong>aspirations and needs of people on ong>theong> move (…) Withgood international cooperation, managed migration offersgreat potential, while one of ong>theong> international community’smajor goals for ong>theong> future should be to make ong>theong>right and ong>theong> option of remaining in one’s own country viablefor all. International refugee protection is a vital humanrights achievement, but ong>theong> coming decades requirerenewed effort to advance internationally agreed humanrights norms, to tackle conflict prevention and ong>theong> resolutionof protracted conflicts.’1.2 General PrioritiesTHP has established itself as an independent and non-politicalforum for discussion about refugees and migrationwithin a human rights and development perspective. Assuch, THP plays ong>theong> role of a ‘bridge-builder’ between interestedgovernments and governmental institutions on


ong>theong> one hand and civil society - including academia, voluntaryorganizations and faith groups as well as ong>theong> business,local government, education, and health sectors - on ong>theong>oong>theong>r. We actively engage both established and new players.General priorities for THP were defined during ong>theong> AnnualMeeting of ong>theong> Club of ong>Theong> ong>Hagueong> in 2005 and reviewed atits meetings in 2006 and ong>2007ong>. ong>Theong>se have evolved intofour project strands:• ong>Theong> Business Initiative explores ong>theong> relationship betweenbusiness and migration to enable business to play a moreconstructive role in shaping ong>theong> migration policy agenda.Building on ong>theong>ir own resources and experiences, businessescan contribute to humane and effective migrationand refugee management. Business’s interests in migrationstem from ong>theong>ir need for international recruitment tofill labour shortages, from ong>theong>ir role as service provider formigrants and from ong>theong>ir central position as responsible actorsin society. ong>Theong>y ensure social inclusion of migrantsand refugees by including ong>theong>m in ong>theong>ir workforce. Neverong>theong>less,little concentrated effort has been made to includebusiness concerns in formulating migration policy. ong>Theong> privatesector awareness of migration issues is still relativelynew, but ong>theong> twin fact of an evolving agenda of corporatesocial responsibility (CSR) and increasing relevance of ong>theong>matter for core business activities holds a strong potentialfor new forms of cooperation.• ong>Theong> Big Cities Initiative addresses ong>theong> issue of migrationand inclusion in major urban areas across ong>theong> globe. Activitiesundertaken stimulate debate on future citizenshipand on ong>theong> way forward for cities within a developmentand human rights perspective. ong>Theong> focus is on a dialoguebetween local authorities and stakeholders in relevantpolicy fields (e.g. employment, education, health, housing,civic and political participation), ultimately to improvechances for refugees and migrants. Building on ong>theong>ir potentialas catalysts for social change, local governmentsshould gain increased access to ong>theong> national and internationalpolicy agenda. ong>Theong>re is potential for coherence betweenong>theong> local, national and global agendas.• ong>Theong> Global Dialogue on Migration and Development hasgained new momentum. ong>Theong> 2005 Global Commission onfig 1.1 THP Roadmap 2005-2010International Migration and ong>theong> resultant 2006 High-LevelDialogue on International Migration and Developmentwere one of ong>theong> first contemporary initiatives to discussmigration issues multilaterally. THP actively supports ong>theong>efforts of ong>theong> United Nations and oong>theong>rs to highlight ong>theong>case for just and orderly migration and to explore ong>theong> migration-developmentnexus. A central focus of THP effortsin this domain are ong>theong> intergovernmental Global Forumson Migration and Development, of which ong>theong> first was heldin Brussels in July ong>2007ong> and ong>theong> next will take place in October2008 in Manila. THP has been explicitly focusing on includingong>theong> voices of civil society oong>theong>r actors like business,big cities and academia in this ong>processong>.• Regional Initiatives: While THP advocates a global approachto refugee and migration issues, ong>theong>re is great valuein regional dialogues and initiatives which promotepartnerships and a shared analysis of best practice betweenneighbouring countries. THP organises regionalmeetings to leverage global solutions at ong>theong> regional andlocal levels and to disseminate good practices through itsglobal network.In communication with ong>theong>se four working strands, severalrelated activities are undertaken to inject information inpolicy debates and raise awareness among multiple stakeholdersand society at large of refugee and migration challenges.Such activities include ong>theong> Photobook Project, ong>theong>Handbook/Glossary Project, a Migration Museum and aDocumentary/Film. More information can be found inChapter 3.1. In addition THP sees it as its inherent task tomaintain ong>theong> THP network, through publications and itswebsite, and to support ong>theong> Club of ong>Theong> ong>Hagueong> as its ThinkTank of global leaders on refugee and migration matters.ong>Theong> Club of ong>Theong> ong>Hagueong> meeting of 22 November ong>2007ong> reflectedon THP’s work in ong>theong> past year and identified prioritiesfor ong>theong> coming period. It followed closely ong>theong> ong>processong>of ong>theong> first Global Forum on Migration and Development inBrussels, Belgium, and stressed ong>theong> importance of addressingong>theong> issue of feminisation at ong>theong> coming Forum in Manila.It also emphasised ong>theong> need to strike a right balance inTHP’s concerns for refugees as well as migration. ong>Theong>seconclusions provide guidance for ong>theong> daily proceedings ofong>theong> Secretariat.


Dialogue with Mayor Wim Deetman of ong>Theong>ong>Hagueong>Mayor of ong>Theong> ong>Hagueong> (until 1 January 2008), Member of ong>theong>Council of State of ong>Theong> Neong>theong>rlands (as of 1 January2008), Secretary of ong>theong> Board of THP Foundation.18 March 2008You have been involved in ong>Theong> ong>Hagueong> ong>Processong> fromits early beginnings in 2000, when it was an initiativein ong>Theong> Kloosterkerk in ong>Theong> ong>Hagueong>, ong>theong> city of whichyou were ong>theong> Mayor. Can you tell us about this “momentof conception”? Were you involved out of personalor professional interest?To start with ong>theong> last: both. Let me explain. In ong>Theong> ong>Hagueong> atthat moment, but also at many oong>theong>r places, ong>theong>re was aheavy discussion about refugees and migration. We had ofcourse ong>theong> phenomenon of ong>theong> “migrants with an irregularstatus”: a lot of ong>theong>m were exploited. We did systematiccontrols at apartments that were rented. We discoveredmany inhumane situations, also with regard to unregisteredlabour. Of course ong>theong>se problems also had ong>theong>ir repercussionsfor public order in ong>theong> city. National immigrationpolicy could not be fully implemented. This posed aproblem for ong>theong> city, but naturally also for ong>theong> involved migrantsong>theong>mselves. At a point, we even had hunger strikesby desperate migrants. ong>Theong>re was an urgent desire to thoroughlyquestion ong>theong>se issues, both from a personal andfrom a professional perspective.This is when ong>theong> spontaneous Kloosterkerk Initiative camein. It was an independent initiative, so my municipality hadno say in it. Slowly a broad approach to refugees and migrationissues emerged. ong>Theong> initiative managed to pull ong>theong>debate out of ong>theong> political heat, and covered all sorts ofcontentious issues: how to deal with refugees and migrants,how to deal with return, ong>theong> reasons of migration,how to approach countries of origin. ong>Theong>se questions werestreamlined in a broad agenda of migration and refugeeissues. This was important. ong>Theong> fact that it materialised inong>theong> Declaration of ong>Theong> ong>Hagueong>, which was favourably receivedby UN Secretary General Kofi Annan, helped to giveit ong>theong> necessary momentum.Which development did you witness in THP over ong>theong>years?It is fantastic what THP is doing now. With very little financialcapacity, but with a lot of enthusiasm and dedication,a lot of progress has been made over ong>theong> past years. ong>Theong>network has greatly increased in number, and ong>theong> activitieshave increased in scope. What I also like very muchabout THP is that it has not been designed in ong>theong> office ofsome high government official. It really is an initiative withits roots in ong>theong> community.For me, ong>theong> value of THP’s activities is threefold.One, it brings togeong>theong>r a selection of people that wouldnot oong>theong>rwise have met. For instance, I participated inTHP’s Big Cities Conference in ong>2007ong>, and I now speak topeople within city governments that I had never met before.Two, it provides a platform for ong>theong> exchange of knowledge,experiences and ideas. As such, it is a stimulus forinternational cooperation. Three, it provides a basis for furong>theong>rcontact among participants. This means we need tounderline ong>theong> word ong>processong> in THP. Some of ong>theong> results ofits activities will materialise at oong>theong>r places, at oong>theong>r moments.But ong>theong> basis may ong>theong>n have been laid at one of ong>theong>conferences THP organised.This Conference you mentioned kicked-off THP’s BigCities Initiative. One of ong>theong> assumptions behind thisinitiative is that cities can be progressive actors inong>theong> debate, that cities can be a catalyst for socialchange and a platform for new ideas and new solutions.As former Mayor of ong>Theong> ong>Hagueong>, would you saythis is well-founded?We have to keep in mind that ong>theong>re has always been a pullto ong>theong> city. Nowadays, this is a very global trend, facilitatedby ong>theong> availability of transport. People come to ong>theong> citywith ong>theong> expectation that life is better over ong>theong>re. ong>Theong>senew people can indeed be sources of modernization. Forthis to happen, ong>theong> city has to succeed in its primary function:that of ong>theong> social lift. If ong>theong> city provides its citizenswith a social lift, ong>theong>n ong>theong> benefits of migration can be multiple.To conclude: what would be your three wishes forTHP for ong>theong> near future?THP is doing important things. My wishes would be:1. More financial backing for ong>theong> foundation, at amore structural basis. It is not a bad thing for a foundationlike THP to have to spend time to search for funds, but itwould be very constructive if a little less energy was needed.More energy could ong>theong>n be spent on ong>theong> actual contentwe are dealing with.2. With more solid financial backing, I hope it wouldbe possible to address some of ong>theong> Principles from ong>theong>Declaration that have not yet been addressed. We set ourselvesan ambitious agenda in 2002 that deserves to be followed.So, we should stick to our own objectives.3. Lastly, of course, I hope our network can be continuallyenlarged. It is through ong>theong> active network that THPhas reached some of its most important accomplishments.


Mya Ba Go village, Myanmar. Photo: UNHCR


PART II:Business Initiative: PROJECTS ANDACCOMPLISHMENTS IN ong>2007ong>A Dialogue with Mr. Ruud Lubbers and Mr. Ehsan Turabaz“Many of ong>theong> businesses thatwere present were in ong>theong> ong>processong>of including ong>theong> interculturaldimension in ong>theong>irconcept of CSR.”“Migrants are importantfor a multinational corporation,as ong>theong>y are a pool of experienceand talent. “10What we have doneImportant steps were made to raise awareness among ong>theong>business community, and include its leaders in ong>theong> debateon international migration and refugee policy. However, ithas proven to take a lot of effort to substantially includeong>theong> business community in a new dialogue on internationalmigration policy. ong>Theong>refore, progress in this workingstrand has been of exploratory nature.• In March ong>2007ong> a seminar was held in Los Angeles to bringtogeong>theong>r business leaders, members from civil society andacademia. ong>Theong> seminar was ong>theong> conclusion of a pilot projectinitiated in 2006 as a joint venture between THP and ong>theong>Global Ethical Initiative under presidency of Club of ong>Theong>ong>Hagueong> Member Mary Robinson. In 2006, similar seminarshad been held in London and Johannesburg.• ong>Theong> concluding ong>reportong> of this pilot project was issued inJune ong>2007ong>. It analysed ong>theong> main findings of ong>theong> abovementionedthree business seminars.• Following-up on this first phase, a business roundtablewas held in November in Utrecht, ong>Theong> Neong>theong>rlands. It wasco-chaired by Club of ong>Theong> ong>Hagueong> Member and former UNHigh Commissioner for Refugees Ruud Lubbers, co-hostedby Mr. Sjoerd Van Keulen (CEO SNS REAAL) and Mr. PeterBlom (CEO Triodos Bank), and united business leaders andgovernment officials. Discussions covered businesses expectationsas well as responsibilities in shaping ong>theong> migrationand inclusion agenda. Specific attention was paid tohuman resources issues, ong>theong> migration policy context andways to describe an appropriate role for companies.What we have learnedBusinesses have a potential to position ong>theong>mselves as importantand constructive actors in ong>theong> migration debate.Some of ong>theong> early findings from our activities of ong>theong> pastyear were:• Business has a legitimate interest in (international) migrationpolicy. Its operations, products and services mighteiong>theong>r rely on migration or influence furong>theong>r migration.Government regulations such as immigration quotas, temporarylabour migration schemes and regularisation programmesall have a clear business impact.• ong>Theong>re is now increasing focus on migration as a businessopportunity, specifically with regard to ong>theong> provision of financialservices, telecommunications, public transport,health care or information technology.• Awareness among business actors of ong>theong> importance ofong>theong> issue of migration, and of ong>theong> migration-developmentnexus, is rising.• ong>Theong>re is a need for clarity about where ong>theong> responsibilityof business actors starts and stops on such a complex andinterconnected issue as international migration and development.• From ong>theong> Utrecht roundtable follows that business leaderstend to have a pragmatic attitude towards migrationand migrants, which can contrast with ong>theong> environment inwhich ong>theong>y operate and society at large. However, limits toong>theong>ir contracting migrants are imposed from three levels:ong>theong>ir own company (lower managers seem to be more“ong>Theong> context of increased global competition requiresthat business leaders now enter into discussion;this is to serve not just ong>theong> economic interestsof business, but ong>theong> well-being of society as awhole.”Pilot Year Reportsceptical of ong>theong> benefits of employing migrants than ong>theong>top managers), society (demand of services is often influencedby discriminatory prejudice) and government legislation(legal barriers and administrative duties render ong>theong>hiring of migrants difficult).• Partnerships between business, government and civilsociety can be an effective tool at ong>theong> local level to facilitateand manage ong>theong> settlement and inclusion of migrantsinto society. Very concrete examples of business leadershiphave surfaced, such as ong>theong> tripartite multi-stakeholderdialogue, including governments and initiated by businesses,that was established at a regional level in SouthAfrica.


Looking aheadTHP remains firmly committed to its goal of initiating aNew Dialogue (Principle 2 of ong>theong> Declaration of ong>Theong> ong>Hagueong>),including new stakeholders in ong>theong> debate on migrationand development. In ong>2007ong> an important basis was createdupon which to develop ong>theong> Business Initiative. THP willong>theong>refore continue to convene and facilitate roundtablediscussions with business leaders, government officials,civil society and academia. For ong>theong> year 2008, sessions areprovisionally planned in New Delhi, Manila, Johannesburg,Riga, Brussels, London, Zurich, Copenhagen, Paris, Berlin,Washington DC and Los Angeles. Of special concern in thisis ong>theong> involvement of business communities in ong>theong> GlobalSouth. ong>Theong> objective is to learn more about concerns anddemands of ong>theong> business community and to advance aninnovative dialogue with oong>theong>r stakeholders, particularlygovernment officials.Documents released in ong>2007ong>:- Report Business Roundtable Los Angeles: “Los Angeles,United States, March ong>2007ong>”- Pilot Year Report: “Business, Migration and Development,June ong>2007ong>”- Report Business Roundtable Utrecht: “Business CEO Workshop,November ong>2007ong>”For furong>theong>r information about ong>theong> initiative and to accessong>theong> full ong>reportong>s: www.ong>theong>ong>hagueong>ong>processong>.orgTHP Board member Morten Kjaerum and Councillor for health of ong>theong> municipality of Johannesburg MatshidisoMfikoe photo: THP11


Business responsibilities andneedsA Dialogue with Mr. Ruud Lubbers and Mr. EhsanTurabaz 13 and 27 March 2008Ruud Lubbers is former Prime minister of ong>Theong> Neong>theong>rlands,former UN High Commissioner for Refugees, Member ofong>theong> Club of ong>Theong> ong>Hagueong>, and co-chaired ong>theong> Utrecht BusinessLunch in November. Ehsan Turabaz is InternationalSales Manager at Inter IKEA Systems B.V., Honorary Consulfor Afghanistan in ong>Theong> Neong>theong>rlands, Member of ong>theong>Club of ong>Theong> ong>Hagueong>, and one of ong>theong> initiators of ong>theong> UtrechtBusiness Lunch.Ehsan Turabaz12One of ong>theong> goals of THP is to ignite a New Dialoguewhich includes new stakeholders in ong>theong> migrationdebate. How did you value this Utrecht businesslunch, with regard to ong>theong> said objective?Mr Lubbers: Although ong>Theong> ong>Hagueong> ong>Processong> has an internationalorientation, ong>theong> Utrecht Business Lunch was a localroundtable: organized by Dutch and attended by Dutch.ong>Theong> goal was to take a good look at how businesses wereperceiving and dealing with ong>theong> issue of migration. At thispoint, ong>theong> meeting was indeed very useful. Especially inong>theong> context of ong>Theong> Neong>theong>rlands, where ong>theong>re are a lot oftensions in society that have to do with migration. Employment,and thus business, is very important for ong>theong> socialinclusion of migrants and refugees.Utrecht was useful because it enabled business leaders toexchange ong>theong>ir experiences. But ong>theong>y also had things incommon. ong>Theong>y asked for less regulation and less restrictivepolicies by ong>theong> central government. Companies found itdifficult to get permits for ong>theong>ir migrant employees and toemploy educated refugees. ong>Theong> format of ong>theong> Utrechtlunch was ong>theong> right one: sit down and take your time to talkabout ong>theong>se different experiences.Mr. Turabaz: ong>Theong> primary value of such meetings is ong>theong>sharing of information. It is useful to hear how oong>theong>r companiesdeal with ong>theong> challenges of having a multiculturalworkforce. For instance, I discovered that TNT Post had avery interesting policy regarding this point. So immediatelyafter ong>theong> meeting, I invited him to IKEA, and we discussedong>theong> matters at greater length. Anoong>theong>r valuable aspect ofong>theong>se meetings is that ong>theong>y enable us to raise attention toong>theong> challenge of a multicultural workforce, and it is of significanceto business that this issue is adequately raised. Tous ong>theong> migrant and refugee employees are of clear addedvalue!Many oong>theong>r similar roundtables have been plannedaround ong>theong> world. Do you think ong>theong> value of ong>theong>semeetings surpass ong>theong>ir local setting? Can it create aglobal momentum and inform ong>theong> global agenda?Mr. Lubbers: We need to see specific experiences per countryto get to a global way forward. It is an initiative to helpsupport managed migration. I applaud ong>theong> effort of THP tobuild connections between societies. But when it comes tospecific issues, I think it is very important to take into accountong>theong> differences that exist in practice from ong>theong> bottomup, ong>theong> experiences in every day life. ong>Theong> Earth Charter,in which I have been involved, stated also thatgovernance is more effective if it includes governments aswell as oong>theong>r actors such as business and civil society. Thisong>theong>sis is global, but practice is differentiated. I am impressedby ong>theong> work of THP, ong>theong> diversity of ong>theong> participants,and in favour of ong>theong> Declaration of ong>Theong> ong>Hagueong>, butmy advice would be: do not go too far in looking for globalapproaches. Keeping ong>theong> focus on ong>theong> local and ong>theong> nationalwill improve ong>theong> chances of reaching concrete results.Mr. Turabaz: Speaking from my own experiences, ong>theong> issueof corporate social responsibility is very relevant in Afghanistanas well. ong>Theong> danger exists that a lot of ong>theong> highlyskilled workers leave ong>theong> country, which is obviously a bigproblem for ong>theong> business community. Companies ong>theong>reforeinvest, and have a responsibility to invest, in ong>theong> trainingof ong>theong>ir personnel to compensate for ong>theong> outflow ofknowledge. Togeong>theong>r with ong>theong> Dutch employers’ organisationVNO-NCW we established a working group betweenong>theong> public and private sector in Afghanistan. For businessesin Afghanistan, ong>theong> stability of ong>theong> country is of primaryimportance. Without stability ong>theong>y have no market. ong>Theong>same goes for companies in ong>Theong> Neong>theong>rlands that are dealingwith Afghanistan. A global momentum on migration, Idon’t know, but ong>theong>re surely will be interesting internationalparallels. All businesses have a social responsibility.What makes migration and refugee issues of importanceto businesses? Which responsibilities does ong>theong>business community have in ong>theong> policy debate?Mr. Lubbers: Businesses have a strong responsibility, andthis was addressed accordingly at ong>theong> lunch in Utrecht. ong>Theong>concept of CSR emerged clearly, and many of ong>theong> businessesthat were present were in ong>theong> ong>processong> of includingong>theong> intercultural dimension in ong>theong>ir concept of CSR. I thinkhowever that ong>theong> Club of ong>Theong> ong>Hagueong> should be more outspokenon that. We should maybe even change ong>theong> Declarationof ong>Theong> ong>Hagueong> on that point. THP should invite allcorporations to include ong>theong> intercultural dimension in ong>theong>irCSR concept, and to ong>reportong> on it at a yearly basis, as seen in


ong>theong> Global Reporting Initiative. Right now people mostlyspeak of environmental and not of social issues.Mr. Turabaz: Obviously migration matters are very importantfor a multinational corporation like IKEA. We employpeople of many different nationalities. ong>Theong>se migrants areimportant for our survival, as ong>theong>y are a pool of experienceand talent. ong>Theong>refore we think that we must make ong>theong>mfeel at home. Employing and taking care of migrants andrefugees is part of ong>theong> social responsibility of a company.We do not have specific targets with regard to employment,but we do take ong>theong> issue of migration seriously inour human resource policy. I personally try to advance ong>theong>position of migrants in our company: ong>theong>y should not justbe employed; ong>theong>y should also get opportunities to moveinto higher positions. ong>Theong>n ong>theong>re is ong>theong> issue of ong>theong> publicdebate on immigration, which is raong>theong>r tensed in ong>Theong> Neong>theong>rlandsat ong>theong> moment. We, as IKEA, cannot express ourselveson political matters, so we cannot directly contributeto ong>theong> public debate. But what is important is ong>theong>development of more thorough private-public partnerships.It would be valuable if businesses would be moreinvolved in policy making.Which form of follow-up of ong>theong> Utrecht BusinessLunch do you think would be valuable?Mr. Turabaz: I would like to have anoong>theong>r meeting withinong>theong> coming year. This time it would be a good idea to haveit at ong>theong> level of Human Resource Managers, to get moreinto ong>theong> practice of ong>theong> matter. Last November, when ong>theong>CEOs gaong>theong>red, we identified ong>theong> challenges. Now I wouldlike us to explore some solutions. Hopefully we can reachsome useful output. Eventually it might even be thinkablethat we present our findings to ong>theong> Dutch government orparliament. In all this, I think it is important to approachrefugee and migration issues not as a problem but as achallenge, as THP always does. Migration presents enormousopportunities.Ruud Lubbers photo: UNHCR13


PART IIIBig Cities Initiative: Projects andaccomplishments in ong>2007ong>A Dialogue with Mrs. Thuli Mlangeni“Cities can inspire each oong>theong>r.A platform is needed.”14What we have doneInternational migration raises new challenges for urbanmanagement. ong>Theong> initiative to explore with all concernedactors ong>theong> challenges for greater social inclusion of refugeesand migrants started with ong>theong> municipality of ong>Theong>ong>Hagueong>. It has now gained its own momentum, as oong>theong>rtorch bearers like Copenhagen, Turin, Johannesburg enToronto have stepped in.• A two-day International Working Conference on Big Citiesand Migration was held in January/February in ong>theong>Peace Palace in ong>Theong> ong>Hagueong>. ong>Theong> conference brought togeong>theong>rhigh-level representatives of city governments, includingthose of Amman, Istanbul, Chittagong, Johannesburg,Lagos, Lyon, Torino, Stockholm, ong>Theong> ong>Hagueong> andUtrecht. ong>Theong> discussions aimed to emphasise principlesvalid for all cities and all societies, particularly focusing onfive areas: (1) social cohesion; (2) local governance and politicalparticipation; (3) education; (4) housing, health andsocial services; (5) migrant enterprise, employment andbusiness opportunities. Support was provided by a large“By excluding people from ong>theong> economic, ong>theong> socialand ong>theong> political life in our cities, we as a societyare not only failing ong>theong>m, we are also failingourselves. If we don’t have ong>theong> courage to embarkon new paths, we will be abandoning unique opportunities.”Wim DeetmanFormer Mayor of ong>Theong> ong>Hagueong> and Secretary of ong>theong> Boardof THPteam of International Relations students from Groningen,ong>Theong> Neong>theong>rlands.• At ong>theong> request of ong>theong> International Working Conference,a follow-up ong>processong> on Citizenship was designed to explorefurong>theong>r ong>theong> agenda in specific policy fields. In October,a Public Forum and a two-day International workshopon Non-Discrimination and Access to Employment was organisedin Copenhagen, Denmark, in cooperation with ong>theong>Danish Institute for Human Rights. Participants includedrepresentatives of ong>theong> cities of Johannesburg, Toronto, ong>Theong>ong>Hagueong>, Lyon, Malmö and Copenhagen, as well as NGO representativesand international experts (ILO, UNESCO, UN-HABITAT).• Policy contributions were made to ong>theong> following conferences:European Parliament Meeting “Shaping MigrationStrategies” (Brussels, September), UCLG Commission onSocial Inclusion and Participative Democracy (Barcelona,September), UN-HABITAT conference (ong>Theong> ong>Hagueong>, October),VNG - CEMR (Union of Dutch Municipalities - Councilof European Municipalities and Regions) Conference“Equal Opportunities for All” (ong>Theong> ong>Hagueong>, November). Inparallel, outcomes of ong>theong> various THP workshops and activitieswere widely disseminated to interested city governments.What we have learnedCities are agents of social change. Gearing ong>theong>ir views, policies,challenges and opportunities related to migrationand refugee issues has generated ong>theong> following insights:• A residency-based approach is a pragmatic way of unfoldingong>theong> concept of citizenship. It provides a usefulmodel on how to engage non-nationals in public life. Participationis among ong>theong> key-concepts for ong>theong> empowermentof all city residents.• ong>Theong> human rights dimension is key for inclusion at ong>theong>local level. It not only provides a protective framework forong>theong> individual but is also critical in defining entitlementsand responsibilities as ong>theong>y relate to two fundamentalagendas: protection and access. ong>Theong>re is demonstratedpotential in local authorities building bridges with HumanRights Institutions (notably National HRIs) and ong>theong> privatesector to furong>theong>r ong>theong> implementation of human rights atong>theong> city level.• Policy coherence in ong>theong> field of migration, inclusion andcitizenship policies emerges as a core yet largely unaddressedagenda. Cities share responsibilities, mandatesand resources with oong>theong>r levels of governments. Engaginga structured dialogue on ong>theong> policy gaps, inconsistenciesand potential partnerships across levels of government islikely to inform ong>theong> overall impact of inclusion policies.• Global exchange of concrete practices and experiencesfrom local authorities and stakeholders is deemed valuable


y all actors involved (see interview with Thuli Mlangenion page 16-17).Looking aheadong>Theong> exchange of good practice and ong>theong> development ofconcrete policy orientations, which include a new approachto citizenship, will be continued at various interna-“ong>Theong> city is an essentially important context to beaware of, to learn from and to engage in seekingsustainable solutions.”HRH Prince ConstantijnChairmain of ong>theong> Board of THPtional conferences. THP has focused on education in itsworkshop that was hosted by ong>theong> “World Summit on ong>theong>Development of Cities” (Porto Alegre, February 2008). Furong>theong>rto that an international conference will be set up inpartnership with ong>theong> Municipality of Johannesburg in 2008.THP will ong>theong>reby try to facilitate a more in-depth exchangeof experiences, notably between cities of ong>theong> Global South.Dissemination of results will be geared to inform ong>theong> globalknowledge and discussions on issues of urban governanceand inclusion, notably in cooperation with UNESCO.Documents released in ong>2007ong>:- Final ong>reportong> of ong>theong> ong>Theong> ong>Hagueong> International Working Conference:“Big Cities and Migration”, February ong>2007ong>- Final ong>reportong> of ong>theong> Copenhagen International Workshop:“Building new covenants for Non-discrimination and Accessto Employment”, October ong>2007ong>- Speech of HRH Prince Constantijn, VNG-CEMR Conferenceon Equal Opportunities, November ong>2007ong>For furong>theong>r information about ong>theong> initiative and to accessong>theong> documents: www.ong>theong>ong>hagueong>ong>processong>.orgBig Cities International Working Conference in ong>Theong> ong>Hagueong>, January/February ong>2007ong>. Photo: Gerhard van Roon15


An Accessible Migrant’s Helpdeskin JohannesburgA Dialogue with Mrs. Thuli Mlangeni16 February 2008Manager, Migrant Helpdesk, City of Johannesburg MetropolitanCouncil (Human Development Directorate), Republicof South Africa16Following a recommendation from THP’s/EGI’s BusinessWorkshop in 2006, in ong>2007ong> a Migrant Helpdesk was openedin Johannesburg. THP identified this residency-based initiativeand put it forward as exemplary for addressing urbaninclusion of migrant and refugee populations. ong>Theong>Helpdesk provides advice on how to access essential servicesfor new migrants to ong>theong> city. It allows city personnel tooperate in cooperation with partner organisation.Now, eight months after ong>theong> opening of ong>theong> Helpdesk,how does it look, what are its achievements?Our starting point was to act upon ong>theong> helplessness oftenfelt by ong>theong> marginalized and socially excluded, eiong>theong>r bynot knowing or by not having any means of accessing governmentsupport services. Many migrants to Johannesburgexperience social exclusion and xenophobia uponarrival and when living in ong>theong> City. Over ong>theong> past months,we developed our service to try to best address and bridgeong>theong> gaps and provide concrete assistance. From July ong>2007ong>to date, ong>theong>re were 422 walk ins seeking different forms ofassistance, ranging from advice on how to apply for an asylumseeker’s permit, how to apply for a work permit, howto convert qualifications to be in line with ong>theong> South AfricanQualifications Authority (SAQA), to seeking employmentand accommodation. Challenges are tremendousbut results are encouraging for what is an unprecedentedendeavour.In what areas do you think ong>theong> impact of ong>theong> Helpdeskcould be increased?ong>Theong> environment in which we work is still highly sensitive.ong>Theong>re is still a degree of distrust that needs to be progressivelyovercome. Due to ong>theong> persisting hostile climate ong>theong>yface and restrictive immigration policies, many migrantsdo not feel confident to approach government structures,for fear of ong>theong>ir irregular status being ong>reportong>ed. Typically,many will choose to turn to oong>theong>r organizations, notablychurches and non-governmental structures, some of whichare very active on providing assistance.Dialogue also proved necessary with ong>theong> local populationaround ong>theong> helpdesk. Nationals may feel newcomers receiveunjustified priority. This calls for permanent attentionto ong>theong> overall needs in a context of scarce resources.But much can be resolved through dialogue. Recent effortswith partner NGOs looked to come to terms with ong>theong> ongoingxenophobia, in line with ong>theong> emphasis of our strategicprogramme.Now in terms of maximizing our impact, we study opportunitiesto decentralise services of ong>theong> Migrant Helpdesk,to reach out to oong>theong>r areas within ong>theong> City of Johannesburg,while also strengong>theong>ning our networks with organisationsservicing migrants such as Lawyers for HumanRights, Consortium for Refugees and Migrants in South Africa.Where oong>theong>r cities are only beginning to acknowledgeong>theong> challenge of a large migrant and refugeepopulation, Johannesburg has adopted a very proactivestrategy. What made ong>theong> emergence of such aproactive strategy possible?.ong>Theong> Helpdesk is in coherence with ong>theong> City of Johannesburgacknowledging its obligation to ensure that all peoplewithin its jurisdiction, including migrants, do not feelsocially excluded and are not victimized. This is in line withong>theong> South African Constitution, based on ong>theong> recognitionof human dignity, ong>theong> achievement of equality, and ong>theong> advancementof human rights and freedom. A progressivelegal framework that demands implementation. ong>Theong> Cityof Johannesburg’s Human Development Strategy providesong>theong> strategic orientation to work on social cohesion, for ong>theong>migrant communities, and to put in place ong>theong> mechanismto facilitate ong>theong>ir integration into ong>theong> City’s social fabric.This commitment is concretised through ong>theong> “Anti-Xenophobiaand Common Citizenship Programme”, whichforms part of ong>theong> long-term strategic intervention aimed ataddressing ong>theong> social attitudes to xenophobia, ong>theong> effectsof human trafficking and at increasing overall tolerance tomigrants.ong>Theong> impulse to establish ong>theong> helpdesk came from ong>theong> Mayor’sOffice. In fact, ong>theong> need was identified through ong>theong> periodicopen dialogues between ong>theong> Mayor and his staff andresidents on ong>theong> streets of Johannesburg (“road shows”).ong>Theong>se were intended to give residents an opportunity tovoice ong>theong>ir concerns and expectations directly. ong>Theong> resultingawareness at ong>theong> top facilitated furong>theong>r steps.


What do you value as innovative in ong>theong> project?ong>Theong> project was backed by an ambitious vision that earlyintegration based on equal treatment is in ong>theong> best interestof all. Refugees and migrants have skills, knowledge, experienceand strong aspirations for a better life. ong>Theong>se aspirationsneed to be harnessed to productive and enrichingendeavours. Access to education and oong>theong>r public resourcesare important incentives for ong>theong>se residents to developong>theong>ir own capabilities. Such strategies empowering refugeesand migrants to lead fulfilling lives also has positiveeffects on ong>theong> host society in terms of enhanced individualautonomy, reduced social costs (social security/grants)and social inclusion.ong>Theong> model itself is innovative. One of ong>theong> keys is our abilityto tap into ong>theong> resources of civil society organisations andbuild upon ong>theong>ir capacities and expertise to provide adaptedsupport and build confidence with ong>theong> concerned public.ong>Theong> helpdesk provides a facilitated access and referencepoint. Engaging migrant communities directly alsoguarantees furong>theong>r impact and can generally improve ong>theong>ability of ong>theong> Municipality to serve its residents, build trustand dialogue. Translation services were for instance externallysourced from ong>theong> migrant communities to translateCity Service material in languages common to migrantsand refugees, such as Portuguese, Swahili and French. Thisshows great potential to provide effective access.ong>Theong> THP initiative explores ong>theong> challenge of policycoherence and coordination between local authoritiesand oong>theong>r levels of governments. To what extentdoes that play out in ong>theong> ability of ong>theong> Municipality inJohannesburg to address issues of inclusion?It is indeed a real challenge to strengong>theong>n vertical dialogueand partnerships. As we turn to issues such as transitionalhousing or health it is fundamental for us to engage ong>theong>provincial and federal levels of governments. Dialogue isnot non-existent. We for instance hosted a dialogue onForeign Migrant Women in collaboration with ong>theong> Departmentof Home Affairs (Head Office), in order to be acquaintedwith ong>theong> difficulties and challenges faced byong>theong>se women. But more articulated dialogue is fundamentalwithin ong>theong> different spheres of government.That said, ong>theong> need for coordination and dialogue also expressesitself within ong>theong> municipality. When we were settingup ong>theong> helpdesk, ong>theong> need for awareness building andtraining among our municipal staff became obvious.Awareness workshops were held with City of Johannesburgfrontline staff on ong>theong> issues of xenophobia, ong>theong> differentcategories of migrants and refugees, ong>theong>ir rights andobligations, and ong>theong> documents issued to refugees.THP will explore housing and health as two cornerstoneagendas in ong>theong> coming months. A joint internationalworkshop in Johannesburg with ong>theong> Municipalityand local partners will be set up in ong>theong> monthof August. In general terms, how do you see futuresteps for cooperation between Johannesburg, THPand its network of local authorities and stakeholdersworldwide?We value international exchange as our policy and practicesdevelop. ong>Theong> workshops organized in ong>2007ong> by THP,which involved our Human Development Directorate,gave us an opportunity to bring our experiences forward.It also brings additional attention and leverage capacityfor our work and undertaking in Johannesburg. We wantto learn from oong>theong>r cities (internationally and nationally),and we think it is useful to make oong>theong>r cities acquaintedwith our practices. Cities can inspire each oong>theong>r. A platformis needed to discuss such matters, starting here in SouthAfrica in August 2008. In fact, a delegation from ong>theong> NelsonMandela Bay Municipality, Port Elizabeth in ong>theong> EasternCape was hosted to explore ong>theong> City’s Best Practice Model,in order to establish a Migrant Helpdesk in ong>theong>ir municipality.ong>Theong>se are all sources of encouragement and paths weare keen to furong>theong>r explore togeong>theong>r with THP and ourpartners.17


Reports released in ong>2007ong>:- “Maximizing ong>theong> Benefits of Circular Migration for ong>Theong>Neong>theong>rlands in Response to ong>theong> Migration and DeveloppartivGlobal Dialogue on Migration andDevelopment: projects and accomplishmentsin ong>2007ong>A Dialogue with Mrs. Ambassador Régine Declercq“A challenge for ong>theong> GFMDwill be to nourish more interstateconsensus, eiong>theong>r on regional orglobal scales. Such a consensuswill be helpful in directing andstreamlining ong>theong> efforts of ong>theong>relevant UN institutions.”“Placing central emphasis on developmentin ong>theong> migration debateprovides a basis of mutualinterest amongdeveloping and developedcountries.”18What we have doneOf central importance within this working strand was ong>theong>Global Forum on Migration and Development, held inBrussels in July ong>2007ong> (GFMD I), and ong>theong> preparation for ong>theong>Global Forum in Manila, October 2008 (GFMD II).• In May, THP was involved in ong>theong> First Latin AmericanCommunity Migrant Summit, in Morelia (Mexico). Itbrought togeong>theong>r civil society, diaspora and migrant leadersfrom Latin America to exchange views on several importantong>theong>mes related to migration. Contacts were establishedand strengong>theong>ned.• THP engaged in pre-conference meetings with ong>theong> organisersof ong>theong> Global Forum. In April, a THP delegationmet Mrs. Ambassador Régine Declercq, providing supportand discussing THP’s input to ong>theong> GFMD.• A THP delegation attended ong>theong> Civil Society day of GFMDI and focused primarily on ong>theong> topic of policy coherence.Several documents were submitted to ong>theong> Forum:- ong>Theong> Declaration of ong>theong> ong>Hagueong> in seven languages.- A comprehensive policy reference document, with contributionsfrom Members of ong>theong> Club of ong>Theong> ong>Hagueong>. It providedviews and recommendations on ong>theong> three ong>theong>mes ofong>theong> conference: Human Capital and Labour Mobility, Remittancesand oong>theong>r Diaspora Resources, and Policy Coherenceand Partnerships.- A working paper on policy coherence, which systematicallyconceptualised ong>theong> issue of policy coherence.- A Booklet on Migrants’ Remittances by Club of ong>Theong> ong>Hagueong>Member Bimal Ghosh: “Myths, Rhetoric and Realities. Migrants’Remittances and Development”, which was a jointpublication with ong>theong> IOM.• From September to November THP was engaged in a CircularMigration Project commissioned by ong>theong> Ministry ofForeign Affairs of ong>Theong> Neong>theong>rlands. THP Consultant Mr.Khalid Koser drafted and presented ong>theong> final ong>reportong> in cooperationwith THP staff.• In November ong>theong> ong>annualong> meeting of ong>theong> Club of ong>theong>ong>Hagueong> was held. Strategic priorities for THP, perspectivesfor ong>theong> Global Forum ong>processong> and impact as well as overalldevelopments in ong>theong> field of refugee and migration policywere on ong>theong> agenda.• A Handbook/Glossary Project was initiated to providecommon ground for discussions and bring attention toterminology issues. Although designed for a general public,it may be of use in ong>theong> GFMD context and during THPworkshops. A publication with UNESCO should be releasedin 2008 (see also ong>theong> “Publications” section in this ong>reportong>).What we have learned• ong>Theong> Global Forum was valuable, if only because governmentsproved to be willing to deal with ong>theong> issue of migrationand development, as indicated by UN Special Representativefor Migration and Development Peter Suong>theong>rland.Peter Suong>theong>rland also agreed to join ong>theong> Club of ong>Theong> ong>Hagueong>in ong>2007ong>.• Results of future Global Forums could be improved ifmore emphasis is put on dialogue above presentations inplenary sessions. Also, an opportunity should be createdfor ong>theong> civil society to more explicitly present ong>theong>ir outcomesto ong>theong> intergovernmental meeting.• THP’s critical comments during ong>theong> evaluation ong>processong>were appreciated and taken into account. Early evidenceshowed that ong>theong>y informed ong>theong> GFMD II planning.Looking aheadong>Theong> next Global Forum on Migration and Development, tobe held in October in Manila, ong>Theong> Philippines, will be ofcentral importance for THP in ong>theong> coming year. As broughtforward by ong>theong> Club of ong>Theong> ong>Hagueong> Meeting in ong>2007ong>, it willbe valuable to raise at least ong>theong> issues of ong>theong> feminisationof migration and ong>theong> ongoing need for ong>theong> protection ofrefugees during ong>theong> GFMD 2008. THP will be an active supporterof ong>theong> organisation ong>processong> of ong>theong> Forum and deliverconcrete input, including a Booklet on Human Rights, Migrationand Development and a Compendium of Migrant’sRights. Furong>theong>rmore, THP has initiated, in cooperation withong>theong> James Martin 21st Century School, ong>theong> ong>processong> of draftingGlobal Migration Scenarios. ong>Theong>se scenarios intend toinform policy-making and public debate, and fill researchgaps on migration and development trends. This ong>processong>will be developed in ong>theong> coming year. (For more information,see Chapter 6.2)


ment Debate”, ong>reportong> prepared for ong>theong> Dutch Ministry ofForeign Affair, December ong>2007ong>- “Policy Reference Document”, input for ong>theong> Global Forumon Migration and Development in Brussels, July ong>2007ong>- Working Paper on “Perspectives on Policy Coherence forMigration and Development”, prepared for ong>theong> Global Forumon Migration and Development, July ong>2007ong>For furong>theong>r information: www.ong>theong>ong>hagueong>ong>processong>.org. Documentsare available from ong>theong> Secretariat upon request.“We have all worked hard to ensure that ong>theong> GlobalForum remains free of clashes between developedand developing countries, and that it is resolutelyfocused on fostering practical cooperation thatbenefits all parties to ong>theong> migration ong>processong>.ong>Theong> Club’s experience and skill in cultivating constructivedialogue among stakeholders can proveessential in this regard.”Peter Suong>theong>rlandClub of ong>Theong> ong>Hagueong> Member and UN Special Representativefor International Migration and DevelopmentRefugee camp, Liberia. Photo: UNHCR/E. Kannelstein19


ong>Theong> Global Forum from ong>theong>Organiser’s Point of ViewA Dialogue with Ambassador Régine DeclercqAmbassador of Belgium in Switzerland, organiser of ong>theong>Global Forum on Migration and Development in Brussels,Belgium, ong>2007ong> (GFMD I).4 April 2008ong>Theong> GFMD was an important event for THP in ong>theong>past year. You were present at our Big Cities InternationalWorking Conference in ong>Theong> ong>Hagueong> in Januaryong>2007ong>, and have been in contact with THP duringong>theong> preparations for ong>theong> GFMD. What is for you ong>theong>added value of THP for ong>theong> GFMD, concerning ong>theong>preparations as well as concerning actual input toong>theong> forum?THP and ong>theong> Global Forum are of course different ong>processong>es,but are complementary to a certain extent: THP is aong>processong> in which civil society, in ong>theong> broadest sense of ong>theong>word, is involved as well as several oong>theong>r stakeholders atdiverse levels, such as ong>theong> city governments. ong>Theong> GFMD is aong>processong> that is being directed by states, and consequentlyprimarily focuses on views and challenges of national governments.Migration is typically being regarded as a matterof state sovereignty. It is states that establish conditionsof entry to ong>theong>ir territory: ong>theong>y determine ong>theong> profile andong>theong> amount of migrants, and ong>theong> conditions ong>theong>y need tofulfil. However, international migration is a complex phenomenonwith a plethora of human, social, political andeconomical aspects, which makes it desirable for oong>theong>r actorsto be involved in ong>theong> debate. An increased mobility ofong>theong> world population and diverging demographic evolutionsbetween North and South are ong>theong> forces that drivethis phenomenon. Neiong>theong>r states nor international organisationare flexible enough to manage ong>theong>se migrationflows “in real time”, which results in partially chaotic, but alsoillegal flows. It is ong>theong>refore imperative that all forces with ong>theong>necessary know-how contribute to ong>theong> migration debate, inorder to render international migration both more humane20and more efficient. THP is one of ong>theong>se forces.Which future challenges do you identify for ong>theong>GFMD? Which role do you foresee for organisationslike THP?ong>Theong> Global Forum focuses on ong>theong> link between migrationand development, a link that until now has not been verysystematically explored. It is thus a useful exercise to investigatehow migration, and migrants, can contribute moreeffectively to development. But ong>theong>re is a lot more behindthis link: placing central emphasis on development in ong>theong>migration debate provides a basis of mutual interestamong developing and developed countries. This emphasiscreates ong>theong> conditions for a more joint vision of ong>theong> wayin which migration can be organised to benefit all countries,and ong>theong> migrants ong>theong>mselves. Until recently, we weretoo much entangled in a confrontational logic when wediscussed migration; internally, but notably externally. THPcan help in this respect, and indeed has already helped, bythinking about this correlation between migration and development,and by framing ong>theong> debate in ong>theong>se terms. Anexample was THP’s publication on remittances.You were responsible for ong>theong> interstate dialogue atong>theong> GFMD. ong>Theong> day before ong>theong> interstate dialogue, aday was organised for ong>theong> civil society, in which THPparticipated. How was ong>theong> communication betweenong>theong>se two dialogues? How did ong>theong>y influence one anoong>theong>r?One of our objectives was to actively involve ong>theong> civil societyin ong>theong> debate. However, not all states shared this goal,and we thus exercised some caution in organising a “dayfor ong>theong> civil society”. This day was an integral element ofong>theong> GFMD. During ong>theong> preparatory ong>processong> ong>theong>re were intensedialogues among governments, international organisationsand civil society organisations to formulate ong>theong>content of ong>theong> meeting in Brussels (once ong>theong> governmentshad put forward ong>theong>ir priorities, and thus established ong>theong>agenda).It was mainly during ong>theong>se preparatory discussions thatcivil society could influence ong>theong> ong>processong>. ong>Theong> discussionsamong ong>theong> representatives of ong>theong> civil society who ong>reportong>edto ong>theong> government days were not very intense. But I amconvinced that over time this reciprocal influencing of civilsociety and governments will grow.One of ong>theong> issues THP focused on during ong>theong> GFMDis ong>theong> issue of “policy coherence”. What do you considerto be ong>theong> greatest challenges in that regard?ong>Theong>re are two political aspects to this “coherence”: politicalcoherence at ong>theong> national level, and international politicalcoherence. And ong>theong>n ong>theong>re is ong>theong> question of ong>theong> coherenceof ong>theong> ong>processong> itself.To begin with this last aspect: at this moment ong>theong> Forum istotally dependent on voluntary organisers, who secureboth ong>theong> content and ong>theong> follow-up. In ong>theong> short term, andcertainly in ong>theong> longer term, this can lead to duplicationsand/or incoherence. It would ong>theong>refore be advisable forong>theong> participating countries to consider how to enhancethis coherence.Concerning ong>theong> political coherence at ong>theong> national level,ong>theong> GFMD has importantly contributed by appointing nationalfocal points, responsible for ong>theong> organisation of dialogueand greater coherence between ong>theong> different nationalactors. ong>Theong>se focal points should be confirmed andstrengong>theong>ned in ong>theong>ir roles.Concerning ong>theong> international political coherence ong>theong>re is amajor challenge. Considering ong>theong> focus on ong>theong> relation betweenmigration and development, it is imperative thatong>theong> GFMD looks not primarily into ways to limit migration,but more importantly to ong>theong> “root causes” of migration, especiallyong>theong> non-voluntary forms of migration. ong>Theong>se rootcauses are very diverse, and not all of ong>theong>m are necessarilyproduced by ong>theong> countries of origin ong>theong>mselves. Countriesof destination also play a role here. ong>Theong> biggest challengeong>theong>refore is to convince both ong>theong> one and ong>theong> oong>theong>r totackle ong>theong>se root causes by good governance, ong>theong> rule oflaw that secures protection of individuals and ong>theong>ir possessionsand rights, fair international trade practices and internationalpolicy aimed and stability and peace. Under nocircumstances may we submit to ong>theong> temptation to makedevelopment policy an instrument for limiting migration.Neiong>theong>r would it be right for countries to treat migration asan alternative to an endogenous development strategy.This would lead to a persisting migration dependency,with ong>theong> result of constant loss of ong>theong> most important assetfor development: vital human capital.


Settlement in Dhaka, Bangladesh. Photo: UNHCR/G.M.B.Akash21


Tent village in Hal Far refugee camp in Malta. Photo: UNHCR/A.Pace23


Danish newspaper coverage of THP’s International Big Cities Workshop in Copenhagen. Politiken, 20 October ong>2007ong>.27


Migrant worker waiting to be picked up from ong>theong> street, Amman, Jordan. photo: Gerhard van Roon29


4.4 Balance Sheet and OverviewAssets 31 December ong>2007ong> 31 December ong>2007ong> 31 December 2006 31 December 2006Euro Euro Euro EuroFixed assetsTangible fixed assets 734 966Current assetsAccounts receivable 11,036Cash and Bank account 141,458 84,389Total assets 153,228 95,904Equity and LiabilitiesEquity -10,913 -23,855Current liabilitiesAccounts payable 48,937 14,647Taxes and social security 3,528 6,655Oong>theong>r accruals 111,676 98,457Total equity and liabilities 153,228 95,904Figure 7.3.d THP Donors31


PART VII:ANNEXESANNEX 1: HISTORY OF THPANNEX 2: THE ORGANISATIONAL STRUCTUREANNEX 3: CLUB OF THE HAGUE MEMBERSANNEX 4: NETWORK PARTNERS32Annex 1: History of THPIn 2000, a three-year project on ong>theong> Future of Asylum andMigration was sponsored by ong>theong> Neong>theong>rlands Chapter of ong>theong>Society for International Development. A series of four workingseminars was organised in ong>Theong> ong>Hagueong> to map ong>theong> keypolicy issues and form as wide a consensus as possible.ong>Theong>se workshops particularly explored numerous connectionsto some of ong>theong> major global socio-economic challengesof our present time, notably human security, sustainabledevelopment, ‘migration management’, and refugee protection.Of particular concern were also ong>theong> challenges thatrefugee movements and migration pose to policies of multiculturalismand social cohesion in increasingly diverse andurbanised societies throughout ong>theong> world.ong>Theong> first phase of ong>theong> work led ong>theong> participants to draft ong>Theong>Declaration of ong>Theong> ong>Hagueong> on ong>theong> Future of Refugee and MigrationPolicy (2002). ong>Theong> preamble of this founding documentsuccinctly expresses ong>theong> approach: “We believe thatnow is ong>theong> time for a major change of focus. ong>Theong> patterns ofmigration are changing; ong>theong> potential for international cooperationis increasing; demographic realities in ong>theong> worldare shifting; globalisation offers possibilities to manage migrationmore productively; ong>theong> advance of human rightsand democratic governance open up new perspectives.”This Declaration itself identified 21 key Principles constitutinga comprehensive approach to ong>theong> issues and some ideasfor innovative ways forward. To give as wide a sense of ‘ownership’as possible ong>theong> document was widely consulted byover 500 global experts from governments, migrant andrefugee organisations, NGOs, international organisations,faith groups, academia and business. ong>Theong>se are all now affiliatedto a global THP network of about 3000 members.To build upon this solid consensus around an agenda foraction and debate defined by ong>Theong> Declaration, ong>Theong> Club ofong>Theong> ong>Hagueong> was established in 2003 as a high-level forumand advisory body. In 2005, a growing public profile and ong>theong>receipt of funds from supporting agencies and foundationsencouraged THP to look for a stronger institutional and legalfooting. This requirement was met by ong>theong> formal establishmentunder Dutch law of ong>theong> Foundation `ong>Theong> ong>Hagueong>ong>Processong> on Refugees and Migration’. THP set for itself ong>theong>mission to follow up and, where possible, implement ong>theong> 21Principles of ong>theong> Declaration focussing on new approacheswhile avoiding duplication with oong>theong>r valuable initiatives.Annex 2: ong>Theong> Organisational StructureTHP started out as a project of a few energetic and committedindividuals working in ong>theong> refugee and migrationfield. ong>Theong>y attempted to draw up a progressive agenda forong>theong> future of refugee and migration policy. Since ong>theong>n, ithas institutionalised as a Foundation, and grown into anetwork of over 3000 members and a group of diverse,senior level advisors.Organisational OverviewTHP is a multi-layered organisation which is small at itscore and large in its reach. ong>Theong> THP Network is a wide collectionof diverse stakeholders involved in refugee and migrationissues, who have showed an active interest in THP’sactivities and goals. It currently consists of over 3000 members.Part of ong>theong> Network is ong>theong> Club of ong>Theong> ong>Hagueong>, a selectgroup of international leaders on refugee and migrationissues. It bundles ong>theong> views of partners in ong>theong> Network andmeets ong>annualong>ly in ong>Theong> ong>Hagueong>. ong>Theong> input from ong>theong> Club ofong>Theong> ong>Hagueong> serves as ong>theong> roadmap for ong>theong> actual THP Foundation.ong>Theong> Foundation, consisting of Board and Secretariat,translates ong>theong> ideas of ong>Theong> Club into concrete activities,research and communication. ong>Theong> Board meets twice ayear to discuss broad policy directives and operationalmanagement. A Management Board, consisting of threeBoard Members, is involved on a more frequent basis toprovide guidance to ong>theong> Secretariat.BUSINESS& FINANCIALSECTORSFIELDPRACTITIONERSACADEMIATHPNGOsfig A.2 THP OrganogramCLUB OF THEHAGUEBOARDSECRETARIATREFUGEESASYLUM SEEKERSMIGRANTS AND IDPsNATIONALGOVERNMENTSNETWORKREGIONAL FORA &ORGANISATIONSLOCALGOVERNMENTSUNITED NATIONS &INT. ORGANISATIONS


ong>Theong> NetworkTHP has established a unique multidisciplinary network ofmore than 3000 individuals and organizations with expertisein refugee and migration issues. Members originatefrom more than 80 countries with increasing representationfrom ong>theong> South. ong>Theong> level and intensity of ong>theong> contactswith individual members of ong>theong> network varies widely,from policy contributions to mere information exchange.ong>Theong> network was initially built to act upon ong>theong> principlesreached by consensus in ong>theong> Declaration of ong>Theong> ong>Hagueong> onong>theong> Future of Refugee and Migration Policy. Along ong>theong> wayit furong>theong>r developed itself as a place where ong>theong> ideas andknowledge about developing innovative migration policiesare shared. ong>Theong> network functions as:• A pool of expertise from which THP draws for participantsfor seminars, workshops and conferences;• A source of direct partners to conduct and follow-up onong>theong> Foundation’s projects.• A sounding board and testing ground for new ideas andTHP outputs;• A reactive means for dissemination of THP work, acquiredknowledge and identified good practices.A full list of all organisations connected so far with THP canbe found in Annex 4.THP Club of ong>Theong> ong>Hagueong> meeting, ong>2007ong> photo: Gerhard van Roon33


ong>Theong> Club of ong>Theong> ong>Hagueong>ong>Theong> Club of ong>Theong> ong>Hagueong> was officially established by ong>theong> Mayor of ong>theong> City of ong>Theong> ong>Hagueong> in 2003and since ong>theong>n has come togeong>theong>r every year on November 22nd (anniversary date of ong>theong>launching of ong>theong> Declaration). ong>Theong> Club includes many prominent and distinguished internationalleaders from ong>theong> North and South, particularly from Africa, Asia and ong>theong> Middle East, whoall participate in THP in ong>theong>ir individual capacity. As a high-level advisory body, it providespolicy directions for ong>theong> elaboration of ong>theong> four working strands. It discusses key topics on ong>theong>refugee and migration agenda within a development and human rights perspective. Due toong>theong> increase in ong>theong> size of ong>theong> Club, it has been divided in Active and Associate Members.A full list of members of ong>theong> Club of ong>Theong> ong>Hagueong> can be found in Annex 3.ong>Theong> Boardong>Theong> Board formally represents ong>theong> Foundation THP. Its composition ensures that legal, economic,financial, administrative, and communication expertise are present besides knowledgeof refugee, migration, and development issues and international networks. Board meetingsare held at least once a year. In ong>2007ong> ong>theong> Board met on 8 May and 21 November in ong>Theong> ong>Hagueong>,ong>Theong> Neong>theong>rlands. A smaller operational management board (MB) was installed by ong>theong> Board.Chaired by HRH Prince Constantijn of ong>theong> Neong>theong>rlands, it holds meetings on a monthly basis toreview and discuss practical matters and latest developments.Name Profession Position Years on ong>theong> BoardHRH Prince Constantijn of Senior Policy Advisor RAND EuropeChair of ong>theong> Board (MB) Since August, 2005ong>theong> Neong>theong>rlandsMr. Jan-Hendrik Schretlen Partner PricewaterhouseCoopers Treasurer of ong>theong> Board Since March, 2005(MB)Mr. William Deetman Mayor of ong>Theong> ong>Hagueong> until 1 JanuarySecretary of ong>theong> Board Since March, 20052008, Member of ong>theong> Council ofState as of 1 January 2008Mr. Walter SchmidDirector of ong>theong> Schweizerische Member of ong>theong> Board Since March, 2005Fachhochschule, LuzernVice President of ong>theong> Federal Commissionon Foreigners.Mrs. Kathleen Newland Co-Director Migration Policy InstituteMember of ong>theong> Board Since August, 2005(MPI)-USAMrs.Gabriela Rodriguez Director IOM Chile - Former UN Member of ong>theong> Board Since August, 2005Special Rapporteur on ong>theong> UN MigrantWorkers Convention 1990Mr. Morten Kjaerum Director of ong>theong> Danish Institute forHuman RightsMember of ong>theong> Board Since March, 2005ong>Theong> Secretariatong>Theong> secretariat prepares and implements ong>theong> Board’s resolutions under ong>theong> managementof its director, Drs. Frans Bouwen. Antoine Meyer was appointed Assistant toong>theong> Director and Programme Coordinator as of 1 January ong>2007ong>.Permanent StaffFrans BouwenAntoine MeyerDirector of Foundationong>Theong> ong>Hagueong> ong>Processong>on Refugees and Migration’Assistant to ong>theong> Director and ProgrammeCoordinatorPeriod involvedPeriod involvedAs from March 2005As from January ong>2007ong>VolunteersSophie van Dijk Volunteer on ong>theong> Business Initiative As from October 2006Aimée RindoksVolunteer on Research – University of As from January 2006AmsterdamNaomi Timmer Volunteer Office management/Finances As from September 2006 tillDecember ong>2007ong>Frank UbachsOlga SidorenkoVolunteer on ong>theong> Middle East, North Africaand South East Asia Regional InitiativesVolunteer on ong>theong> Compendium of Migrant’sRightsNovember 2005 till July 2006;as from automn ong>2007ong>As fromMarcel Verspuy Volunteer on web design As fromong>Theong> Board also made use of ong>theong> service of Mr. Wilko Korving as THPs professional accountant/bookkeeper and of ong>theong> independent auditorKPMG.International ConsultantsPeriod involvedJohn Morrison Business Initiative As from November 2003Chris ParkinMethod Organisation Consultant & Facilitator,As from summer 2001London, UKPhilip RudgeConsultant on international asylum and As from January 2000refugee affairs, former General Secretaryof ong>theong> European Council on Refugees andExiles (ECRE) London, UKGerhard Van Roon Photographer & Designer As from June 2003Khalid KoserMigration and Development, Circular MigrationAs from autumn ong>2007ong>34


School director black board into one of his classrooms Photo: UNHCR / H. Caux35


Annex 3: Club of ong>Theong> ong>Hagueong> MembersA.M. = Associate MemberAbdelaziz, Ben Hadj Tunisia Organization for African Union (OAU) in Addis AbbebaAbdelmoumene, Mohamed-LardiAlgeriaVice-President of ong>theong> International Centre for Migrationand Health (ICMH) in Geneva, Former Deputy DirectorGeneral of WHO and UNWRA, and Former Minister ofHealth of AlgeriaAdepoju, Aderanti Nigeria Director of ong>theong> Human Resources Development Centreof Nigeria; Consultant for several missions, includingUNFPA, OAU, ECA, ong>Theong> World Bank, UNDP, FAO, IOM,UNESCO and UNHCRAwad, Ibrahim Tunesia Director of ong>theong> International Migration Programme ofong>theong> International Labour OrganisationAnita Bundegaard, Denmark Journalist for Politiken, Former Advisor to ong>theong> United NationsHigh Commissioner for Refugees in Geneva (UNH-CR) and Former Danish Minister of Development CooperationCarballo, Manuel Switzerland Executive Director of ong>theong> International Centre for Migrationand Health (ICMH), Geneva; Professor of ClinicalPublic Health at ong>theong> Columbia School of Public HealthVan Coillie, Antoon Belgium CEO of ong>theong> Blue Dolphin Finance ProviderDankwa, Victor Ghana Member of ong>theong> Governing Council of African Legal Aidand Professor of Law at ong>theong> University of Ghana in AccraDayal, Virendra India Former UNSG Chef de Cabinet and Member of ong>theong> NationalHuman Rights Commission of India (NHRCI)Delors, Jacques France President of ong>theong> organization `Notre Europe’, Presidentof ong>theong> CERC (Conseil Emploi Revenu Cohésion Sociale)and Former Chair of ong>theong> European Commission (1985-1995)Demmink, Joris Neong>theong>rlands Secretary General at ong>theong> Neong>theong>rlands Ministry of Justicein ong>Theong> Neong>theong>rlands and Former Member of ong>theong> GlobalCommission on International Migration (GCIM)Doyle, Michael (A.M.) United States Professor of Politics and International Affairs at ColumbiaUniversity - School of International and Public Affairs& Law schoolDuncan, Howard Canada Executive Head of ong>theong> Metropolis Conference on Citizenshipand Immigration in Toronto, CanadaElleman-Jensen, Uffe Denmark President of ong>theong> Danish Institute for Human Rights;Former Minister of Foreign Affairs of DenmarkEvans, Gareth Australia President of ong>theong> International Crisis Group (ICG) andFormer Foreign Minister of AustraliaFlinterman, Cees Neong>theong>rlands Director of ong>Theong> Neong>theong>rlands Institute of Human Rights atong>theong> University of UtrechtFrattini, Franco Italy Vice-President of ong>theong> European Commission (EC) in Brusselsand EU Commissioner responsible for Justice, Freedomand SecurityGabriel-Van Dongen, Lara Mexico Former Director of ong>theong> UN Political Affairs Departmentfor Europe and ong>theong> AmericasGhassib, Humam B. (A.M.) Jordan Head, Research department, Arab thought forum, Facultyof Science, University of JordanVan Gennip, Jos Neong>theong>rlands President of ong>theong> Society for International Development(SID) Neong>theong>rlands Chapter and President of ong>theong> SOCIRESFoundationGhidei-Biidu, Domenica Eritrea Judge; Refugee and Representative for Refugee Womenin ong>theong> Neong>theong>rlandsGhosh, Bimal India International Consultant on Migration, Trade and Development,and Former senior director, UN DevelopmentSystemGoldin, Ian South Africa Director of Oxford’s James Martin 21st Century schooland Former Vice President of ong>theong> World Bank HQ inWashington DCGuterres, António Portugal United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNH-CR)HRH Prince El Hassan bin JordanPresident of ong>theong> Arab Thought Forum (ATF)Talal of JordanIglesias, Enrique V. Uruguay President of SID (Society for International Development)Governing CouncilVan Ittersum, Boudewijn Neong>theong>rlands Former Chair of ong>theong> Amsterdam Stock ExchangeJenny, Rolf Switzerland Former Executive Director of ong>theong> Global Commission onInternational Migration (GCIM), Geneva, and Director ofong>theong> International Migration Policy ProgramJiminez, Efrain Mexico/USA Executive Projects Director of ong>theong> Federación de ClubesZacatecanos del Sur de CaliforniaKobia, Sam Kenya General Secretary of ong>theong> World Council of ChurchesLevinson, Macha Switzerland Director for Central and Eastern Europe of ong>theong> WorldEconomic Forum (WEF)Ligon, Edgardo ong>Theong> Philippines Executive Director of ong>theong> Initiatives for Dialogue and Empowermentthrough Alternative Legal Services (IDEALS)Van Loon, Frans Neong>theong>rlands Member of ong>theong> Advisory Council on International Affairsof ong>theong> Neong>theong>rlands Ministry for Foreign Affairs; formerDirector of ong>theong> ING BankLubbers, Ruud Neong>theong>rlands Minister of State, Former Prime Minister of ong>theong> Neong>theong>rlandsand former United Nations High Commissioner forRefugees (UNHCR)Majodina, Zonke South Africa Executive Chairperson of ong>theong> South African HumanRights CommissionMcKinley, Brunson Switzerland Director General of ong>theong> International Organization forMigration (IOM)Meyer-Eschenbach, MatthiasSwitzerlandLawyer and Swiss Private Banker, Former Vice Presidentof Citibank, International Wealth ManagementMorrison, John United Kingdom Director of ong>theong> Business Leaders Initiative for HumanRights and International Consultant to THP36


Refugee tent camp, Chad. Photo UNHCR37


38 Tenerife Island, Spain. Photo: UNHCR


Muntarbhorn, Vitit Thailand Professor of Law at Chulalongkorn University in Bangkokand expert in ong>theong> fields of Human Rights. Former advisorto ong>theong> United NationsNewman, David Israel Professor of political geography and Chairperson of ong>theong>Department of Politics and Government at Ben GurionUniversity in JerusalemNordby, Trygve Norway Secretary General of ong>theong> Norwegian Red CrossOrozco, Manuel United States Inter American Dialogue, Director of ong>theong> Department‘Remittances in Latin America and ong>theong> Caribbean’Pratt, Sandra United Kingdom Head of Unit for Asylum and Immigration, Directorate-General for Justice, Freedom and Security, EuropeanCommission in BrusselsPronk, Jan ong>Theong> Neong>theong>rlands Former UN Special Representative for Sudan (Darfur);former Dutch Minister for Development Aid and Professorin ong>Theong>ory and Practice of International Developmentat ong>theong> Institute of Social Studies (ISS)Ramcharan, Bertie (A.M.) Guyana Deputy UN High Commissioner for Human Rights in GenevaRinnooy Kan, Alexander ong>Theong> Neong>theong>rlands Chairman of ong>theong> Dutch Socio-Economic Council, formerchairman of ong>theong> Dutch Employers Organisation (VNO-NCW)Robinson, Mary Ireland Honorary President of Oxfam International and memberof ong>theong> Board of ong>theong> Ethical Globalization Initiative (EGI),Former President of Ireland, Former Commissioner forong>theong> Global Commission on International Migration(GCIM)Rivera Salgado, Gaspar Mexico Project Director of ong>theong> Center for Labor Research andEducation at ong>theong> University of California, Los Angeles(UCLA)Rudge, Philip United Kingdom International Consultant on Refugees and Migration; internationalconsultant to THP; Former Secretary Generalof ong>theong> European Council on Refugees and ExilesShamir, Shimon Israel Former Diplomat and current Head of ong>theong> Institute forDiplomacy and Regional Co-operation of ong>theong> Tel AvivUniversity and member of ong>theong> World Economic Forum(WEF)Schwab, Klaus Switzerland Founder and Executive Chairman of ong>theong> World EconomicForum (WEF)Süssmuth, Rita Germany Federal Office for ong>theong> Recognition of Refugees in Germany;Former Chair of ong>theong> German Commission on Immigration;Former Commissioner for ong>theong> Global Commissionon International Migration (GCIM); FormerPresident of ong>theong> German Federal Diet (Bundestag) in Berlinand Former Minister of Youth, Family, Health andWomen’s IssuesSuong>theong>rland, Peter Ireland UN Special Representative for International Migrationand DevelopmentTharoor, Shashi (A.M.) India Diplomat and writer, member of ong>theong> International Instituteof Strategic Studies (ISS) in London, ong>theong> AmericanPEN Centre and UN Under-Secretary-General for Communicationsand Public InformationTurabaz, Ehsan Afghanistan Honorary Consul of Afghanistan in ong>Theong> ong>Hagueong>, Inter IKEASystems B.V. Senior Sales Manager International ClientsDepartmentVitorino, Antonio Portugal MP of ong>theong> Portuguese Parliament; former EuropeanCommissioner for Justice and Home Affairs and formerPortuguese Defense MinisterWieruszewski, Roman Poland Associated professor in ong>theong> Institute of Legal Studies ofong>theong> Polish Academy of Sciences; Director of ong>theong> PoznanHuman Rights Centre and Member of ong>theong> Polish RefugeeCouncilWilliams, Abiodun Sierra Leone Former Director of Strategic Planning Office of ong>theong> Secretary-Generalat ong>theong> UN in New-York, Currently VicePresident at ong>theong> United States Institute of Peace’s Centerfor Conflict Analysis and PreventionZolberg, Aristide United States Professor of Political Science at ong>theong> Graduate Faculty ofNew School University in New York City and director ofits International Centre for Migration, Ethnicity, and CitizenshipOfficially representing a member of ong>theong> Club of ong>Theong> ong>Hagueong> in ong>2007ong>Menikdiwela, Ruven Switzerland UN High Commissioner forRefugeesAalst, Joost van der ong>Theong> Neong>theong>rlands International Organizationfor Migration (IOM)Badran, Ibrahim Jordan Director General of ong>theong> Departmentof Palestine Affairsof JordanVan Barneveld, Ramon ong>Theong> Neong>theong>rlands European Commission(EC)Special Guests at ong>theong> Club of ong>Theong> ong>Hagueong> in ong>2007ong>Officially representing Mr.António GuterresOfficially representing Mr.Brunson McKinleyOfficially representing HRHPrince El Hassan bin Talalof JordanOfficially representing Mr.Van HasseltMr. Arguelles ong>Theong> Philippines Ambassador of ong>Theong> Philippines to ong>Theong> Neong>theong>rlandsMr. Adrian Cruz ong>Theong> Philippines First Consul of ong>Theong> Philippines to ong>Theong> Neong>theong>rlandsong>Theong> Board of THP has an observer status to ong>theong> Club of ong>Theong> ong>Hagueong>. All Board members formally attend all meetingsof ong>theong> Club of ong>Theong> ong>Hagueong>.39


Annex 4: Associated Partners to ong>theong> THP NetworkMembers of ong>theong> following organizations have contributed to THP activities through direct support to Secretariat,cooperation in joint initiatives and/or active participation in THP initiatives:• Africa and middle East Refugee Assistance (AMERA)• Arab Thought Forum in Jordan (ATF)• Association of Dutch Municipalities (VNG)• Bangkok Declaration Group• Bern Initiative• Brookings Institute• Business Leaders Initiative for Human Rights• Churches Committee for Migrants in Europe (CCME)• Conference of European Churches• Council of Europe (CoE)• Council of European Municipalities and Regions (CEMR)• Danish Institute for Human Rights (DIHR)• Dutch ‘Clingendael’ Institute• Dutch Council for Refugees (Vluchtelingenwerk Nederland)• Embassies of ong>theong> Neong>theong>rlands worldwide• Ethical Globalisation Initiative (EGI)• Eurocities• European Commission• European Council on Refugees and Exiles (ECRE)• Evangelical Luong>theong>ran Church in America (ong>theong> Luong>theong>ran Immigration and Refugee Service)• Executive Office of ong>theong> Secretary-General of ong>theong> United Nations• Federación de Clubes Zacatecanos del Sur de California• Ford Foundation• Human Resources Development Centre of Nigeria• ICCO Neong>theong>rlands• Initiatives for Dialogue and Empowerment through Alternative Legal Services (IDEALS)• Institute of Social Studies, ong>Theong> ong>Hagueong> (ISS)• International Catholic Migration Commission (ICMC)• International Centre for Migration and Health (ICMH)• International Committee of ong>theong> Red Cross (ICRC)• International Centre for Migration Policy Development (ICMPD)• International Crisis Group (ICG)• International Federation of ong>theong> Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC)• International Metropolis Conference on Citizenship and Immigration• International Labour Organization (ILO)• International Organization for Migration (IOM)• James Martin 21st Century School• Jesuit Refugee Service• King Boudewijn Foundation (KBF)• Middle East Council of Churches (MECC)• Migration Policy Institute (MPI)• Municipality of ong>Theong> ong>Hagueong>• National Council of Churches USA (NCCUSA)• National Human Rights Commission of India (NHRCI)• Neong>theong>rlands Institute of Human Rights (SIM)• Neong>theong>rlands Migration Institute• Neong>theong>rlands Ministry of Development Cooperation• Neong>theong>rlands Ministry of Foreign Affairs• Neong>theong>rlands Ministry of Justice• Neong>theong>rlands Ministry of Finance• Neong>theong>rlands Ministry of Economic Affairs40• Neong>theong>rlands Refugee Foundation (Stichting Vluchteling)• Network of Cities for Local Integration Policy (CLIP)• Network of Migration Research in Africa (NOMRA)• Oxfam Novib• Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs• Olov Palme Institute in Sweden• Office of ong>theong> United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR)• Refugee Studies Centre Oxford University UK• International Migration Institute (IMI) at Oxford University, UK• Peace Palace located in ong>Theong> ong>Hagueong> – Carnegie Foundation NL• Poznan Human Rights Centre (Poland)• Prince Claus Foundation• Röling Foundation• Sigrid Rausing Trust• Society for International Development (SID) both international as well as ong>theong> SID Neong>theong>rlands Chapter• South African Human Rights Commission (SAHRC)• South African Migration Project (SAMP)• T.M.C. Asser Institute• UNESCO, Section on International Migration and Multicultural Policies• UN HABITAT• United Cities and Local Governments (UCLG)• United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)• Universities of Bangkok, Budapest, Buenos Aires, Edinburgh, Hamburg, Legon (Ghana), Leuven, Los Angeles,Lund, New York (Columbia and New School), Paris, Santa Cruz (California) and Venice (Università Iuav diVenezia).• Universities in ong>theong> Neong>theong>rlands of Amsterdam, Groningen, Leiden, Maastricht, Nijmegen, Tilburg, Rotterdam,Utrecht• World Bank• World Council of Churches• World Economic Forum• Worldwideworker Corporate Sector


photo: UNHCR41


ACKNOWLEDGEMENTSCONTACT INFORMATIONAnnual Report ong>2007ong> of ong>theong> Foundationong>Theong> ong>Hagueong> ong>Processong> on Refugees and Migration” (THP)Editor: Auke WitkampGraphic Design and Production:Gerhard van Roon - De Avonden Ontwerpwww.de-avonden.nlCoverphoto; Refugee camp Baqa’a in Amman, Jordan.Photo: Gerhard van RoonAll oong>theong>r photography: credits as mentioned.ong>Theong> ong>Hagueong> ong>Processong> on Refugees and Migration (THP Foundation)Tel: + 31 (0) 70 302 60 10/11/15Fax: +31 (0) 70 302 60 70E-mail: SZbouwf@SZW.denhaag.nlWebsite: www.ong>theong>ong>hagueong>ong>processong>.orgMailing Address:P.O Box 13 074NL 2501 EB ong>Theong> ong>Hagueong>ong>Theong> Neong>theong>rlandsVisiting Address (not for mailing):Stadhoudersplantsoen 24ong>Theong> ong>Hagueong>ong>Theong> Neong>theong>rlands42

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