GPCC - SDC Climate Change and Environment Network

sdc.climateandenvironment.net

GPCC - SDC Climate Change and Environment Network

Swissness:Cooperation with different groups of countries and with Swiss institutions increases Switzerland'svisibility and makes possible greater harmonisation with its foreign policy agenda. Thekey partners are academic institutions and the Swiss private sector.The political and multilateral programme concentrates on activities that strengthen the negotiatingprocess and the governance of multilateral institutions. Co-financing contributions alsoconcentrate on these goals. By contrast, there are no plans to make payments to multilateralfunds.4. Regional programme4.1 Priority regions and countriesAverage emissions of greenhouse gases per inhabitant in emerging countries and advanceddeveloping countries remain modest. However, in the face of climate changes, these countriesare crucial actors in the formulation and the implementation of global and local solutions,because the absolute amounts of CO 2 that they emit are constantly increasing. Moreover,developing countries will be most affected by climate changes. Hence the need to supporttheir efforts to adapt in order to limit the social and economic effects that are alreadymaking themselves felt in certain regions.It is clearly in our common interest to encourage these countries to follow a path of sustainabledevelopment based on three pillars: exploitation of renewable local energy resources,energy effectiveness, and the prevention of climatic risks.The GPCC plans to be active in the following three groups of countries:− Emerging and more advanced countries: India, China,, Brazil, Peru, South Africa.− Regional cooperation: Plans have been made to support projects in the regions of influenceof the above countries such as the Indian sub-continent, the ASEAN region,southern Africa, and the Andean region.− Triangular cooperation South-South (SDC priority countries): Finally, on the basis ofsuccessful experience and approaches, triangular South-South cooperation shouldmake it possible to strengthen the links between the countries mentioned above andcertain SDC priority countries in order to speed up the transfer of technologies andknow-how to the poorest regions, which also have to face these new challenges.4.2 Areas of action and indicative budgetOn the thematic level, the programme will concentrate on four fields of action:Decentralised rural electrification and access to modern energy services based on local renewableenergy (bio-mass and mini-hydro).This subject is crucial, not only in connection with the climate but also in the framework of thefight against poverty. In fact access to modern forms of energy provides numerous benefits,such as economic development, well-being and reduction of dependence and vulnerability.New projects are planned in India and the ASEAN region,. A South-South dimension couldbe envisaged between India and Africa.Energy efficiency of buildings and of specific branches of SMEs (in particular brickworks).Switzerland has developed considerable technological and scientific expertise in the area ofenergy saving in buildings. A transfer of this knowledge to emerging countries, thanks toSwiss expertise, would make it possible to save large amounts of energy and thus to reduceconsiderably the growth of emissions in this sector. A new programme will start this year inIndia, with the prospect of South-South collaboration Africa in 2009. As for the brickworkswhich provide thousands of jobs and supply fundamental needs for accommodation, it is3 gpcc@deza.admin.ch – www.deza.admin.ch


planned to extend the positive experience with energy saving (coal) in India to Nepal, theAndean region, ASEAN and South Africa.Sustainable management of soil, water and forests both as a means of adaptation and of mitigation.In rural environments, better management of these resources is not only at the heart of thefight against poverty (agricultural and forest production, soil moisture regime, bio-mass forenergy) but is also a vector for the absorption of carbon gas (mitigation) and helps to preventclimatic risks (dryness, extreme events).Projects of rural electrification via bio-mass and hydraulics as well as activities for adaptationand management of climatic risks will depend on the sustainable management of these threenatural resources. An innovative programme in this area will start in Peru this year and willpave the way for regional initiatives.Management of climatic risksHere it is planned to support activities to strengthen the capacities of the central and localauthorities, the drafting of national plans, training, and systems of observation, coordinationand alert.There are numerous synergies and complementarities with the above area of action and withhumanitarian aid efforts to prevent natural risks.SwissnessThe GPCC will make it possible to support several innovative initiatives with a wide range ofpartners. It is planned, for example, to support the activities of EMPA (The Swiss FederalLaboratories for Materials Testing and Research, part of the EPFL) in the field of training andthe application of decision-making aids with regard to questions of renewable energy andadaptation. It is also planned to continue to compensate the emissions of CO 2 on FDFAbusiness trips by supporting projects in India. GPCC will also mean continued cooperationwith SFOE, FOEN and SECO in the promotion of Swiss SMEs operating in the energy sector.Carbon marketThe carbon market will not be dealt with as a specific and separate topic but will instead beintegrated into all activities where this is possible as an instrument for mobilising additionalfinancial resources to develop projects. It is also planned to strengthen the capacities ofpartners so that they master these mechanisms and can use them to further their interests.Finally, specific experience in these areas can flow into the national and multilateral politicaldialogue in the framework of the Convention on Climate Change.4 gpcc@deza.admin.ch – www.deza.admin.ch


AnnexAnnex 1: Climate and development in a strategic triangleClimate and development in the SDC strategic trianglePoverty reduction=> Promoting adaptability to climate change=> Promoting access to modern, sustainable energy=> Synergies: fighting poverty/reducing emissionsGPCCHuman security=> Preserving livelihoods=> Preventing system collapse=> Avoiding climate-related conflictsDevelopment-promoting globalisation=> Promoting global climate partnerships=> Strengthening climate governance=> Convergence goal, fair regulations6 gpcc@deza.admin.ch – www.deza.admin.ch

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