Photoluminescent Safety Markings and EXIT Signs - E2S2

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Photoluminescent Safety Markings and EXIT Signs - E2S2

Photoluminescent Safety Markingsand EXIT SignsMarch 22 nd , 2011ISO 9001 Registered Since 2003DCN024.20110408www.dh-inc.com© 2011 Defense Holdings, Inc1


Why Are We Here?• To introduce you to the PSA• Discuss Photoluminescent (PL) technology• To discuss use of this technology according to the IBC2009 and the NFPA 101• To discuss UL 924 Photoluminescent EXIT signs• What can photoluminescent products do for you?ISO 9001 Registered Since 2003DCN024.20110408www.dh-inc.com© 2011 Defense Holdings, Inc2


Introduction to the PSA• Founded in 2006, the PSA is dedicated to generating broad-basedacceptance of safety-grade photoluminescent products.• An advocate for PL products before code-setting organizations suchas the International Code Council (ICC) and National Fire ProtectionAssociation (NFPA).• The PSA Code and Standards Committee work to educate the ICCand NFPA committee members on the advantage of including PLproducts in their building codes for safer evacuation of occupants incase of unforeseen emergencies.PL products provide personnel with a fail safe means of egressISO 9001 Registered Since 2003DCN024.20110408www.dh-inc.com© 2011 Defense Holdings, Inc3


Fundamentals of PL TechnologyHow PL WorksInorganic phosphors incorporated in a substrate(paints, powder coats, plastics, acrylics, vinyls,moldings, castings, etc.)Phosphors absorb UV and release visible lightLuminance decays over timeDark adaptation of the human eye results in aperceived brightening of the materialExtinction Time (time to reach luminance limit ofhuman perception = .032 mcd/m 2 ) vs. Functional TimeFunctional Time = minimum of 8 hours, more thanenough time to exitISO 9001 Registered Since 2003DCN024.20110408www.dh-inc.com© 2011 Defense Holdings, Inc4


Upside of PL Technology• Fully “charges” in minutes using ambientlighting• No electrical circuitry – entirely passive –totally “Green”• Can be re-charged over and over• Non-radioactive and non-hazardous• Extremely bright• No scheduled maintenance requirements• No disposal issues• 30+ year service life• 100% reliable – it cannot fail!ISO 9001 Registered Since 2003DCN024.20110408www.dh-inc.com© 2011 Defense Holdings, Inc5


Downside of PL Technology● Not all PLProducts arethe same● All areallegedlySAFETYGRADE● Which onewould youbuy?Luminance (mcd/m2)1009080706050403020Luminosity Per UL 1994 Method Using Fluorescent LampFuture?Circa2011IBC, NFPA 101,UL, circa 2009USN, DHS, DoD,NYC , circa 2006USN,Pentagon,circa 2002USSCOLE,circa 2000Sample ASample BSample CSample DSample ESample FSample GSample HLower Limit ofVisbility● How do youknow???10034.1 1 17.6 5 11.4 10 8.4 15 6.7 20 4.7 30 3.6 40 2.9 50 2.4 60 1.5 90Time (minutes)ISO 9001 Registered Since 2003DCN024.20110408www.dh-inc.com© 2011 Defense Holdings, Inc6


BuildingPhotoluminescent Safety Signage (IBC 2009)What types of buildings are required to have aluminous egress path marking system?• Assembly {For Public Events} (A)• Business (B)• Education (E)• Institutional/Hospital (I)• Mercantile (M)• Hospitality/Hotels (R-1) - Residential occupancies containingsleeping units where the occupants are primarily transient innature, including hotels, and boarding houses (R-1) motelsRequirement for PLSS• Circa 2001 not one building had PLSS requirement• Circa 2002 the Pentagon mandated use of PLSS after 9/11• Circa 2006 approximately 1800 buildings were required, and• Circa 2009 ALL buildings having occupied floors that arelocated more than 75’ above the lowest level of firedepartment vehicle access are required to implement PLSS.ISO 9001 Registered Since 2003DCN024.20110408www.dh-inc.com© 2011 Defense Holdings, Inc7


Building Applications• Egress Route Marking– Corridors– Elevators– Stairwells– Exit/No-Exit Identification– Door Marking– Escape Route FloorPlans• Fire Response Equipment– Alarm Pull Stations– Fire Hoses– Portable Extinguishers– First Aid Equipment– UL Approved Fire-ratedEXIT SignsThe most common applicationsPRIMARILY as a result of EXISTINGCODES & SPECIFICATIONS– Passive illumination(LightStrip ® )– Equipment RoomsEmerging applicationEmerging applicationAs a result of SUSTAINABILITY &ENVIRONMENTAL CONCERNSAs a result of UPCOMING CODES &SPECIFICATIONSISO 9001 Registered Since 2003DCN024.20110408www.dh-inc.com© 2011 Defense Holdings, Inc8


PhotoluminescentBuilding Safety Signage (IBC 2009 1 )What is currently mandated1. Steps 2. Landings 3. Handrails 4. Perimeter Demarcation 5. ObstaclesUnretouched photosOffice Building, 1005 N Glebe Road1Perimeter markings can be on floors or walls.ISO 9001 Registered Since 2003DCN024.20110408www.dh-inc.com© 2011 Defense Holdings, Inc9


PhotoluminescentBuilding Safety Signage (IBC 2012)What will be mandated● UL Approved Low Location EXITSigns● Possibly similar to NYC LL26Specifications,● Not to exceed 18” above floor,● May be placed beside or on thedoor, but● Final specs yet to be determinedISO 9001 Registered Since 2003DCN024.20110408www.dh-inc.com© 2011 Defense Holdings, Inc10


PhotoluminescentBuilding Safety Signage (IBC 2009)Unretouched photosISO 9001 Registered Since 2003DCN024.20110408www.dh-inc.com© 2011 Defense Holdings, Inc11


PhotoluminescentBuilding Safety MarkingsPL Tape on PressureSensitive AdhesiveUnretouched photosBuilding Safety PaintISO 9001 Registered Since 2003DCN024.20110408www.dh-inc.com© 2011 Defense Holdings, Inc12


PhotoluminescentBuilding Safety MarkingsBuilding SafetyPaintPL Tape onPressureSensitiveAdhesiveUnretouched photosISO 9001 Registered Since 2003DCN024.20110408www.dh-inc.com© 2011 Defense Holdings, Inc13


PhotoluminescentExit Path MarkingUnretouched photosISO 9001 Registered Since 2003DCN024.20110408www.dh-inc.com© 2011 Defense Holdings, Inc14


Door Handle Hardware LocatorUnretouched photosREQUIREMENT OF BOTH IBC AND NFPAISO 9001 Registered Since 2003DCN024.20110408www.dh-inc.com© 2011 Defense Holdings, Inc15


Stair ID SignUnretouched photosREQUIREMENT OF THE NFPA 101ISO 9001 Registered Since 2003DCN024.20110408www.dh-inc.com© 2011 Defense Holdings, Inc16


OSHA Markings – Lights OnTypical OSHACompliantMarkings usingPL materialsISO 9001 Registered Since 2003DCN024.20110408www.dh-inc.com© 2011 Defense Holdings, Inc17


OSHA Markings – Lights OffTypical OSHACompliantInstallationusing PLmaterials• Equipment• EscapePaths• HangingObstaclesUnretouched photosISO 9001 Registered Since 2003DCN024.20110408www.dh-inc.com© 2011 Defense Holdings, Inc18


UL 924 ApprovedPhotoluminescent EXIT Signs• Exit signs are required by code• Electrical Exit signs:o Consume electricity 24/7/365oRequire frequent maintenance and component replacement• There exist 2 alternatives to electrical Exit signs:oTritium Signs – use no electricity, but contain radioactive gas,are expensive and have a limited useful life along with a high disposalcostoOften times are “unknowingly” expiredoPhotoluminescent SignsISO 9001 Registered Since 2003DCN024.20110408www.dh-inc.com© 2011 Defense Holdings, Inc19


UL 924 ApprovedPhotoluminescent EXIT Signs• UL 924, Supplement SG, Photoluminescent ExitSigns, 11 July 2001 revision, addressesconstruction, legend dimensions, testingprocedure, photoluminescent performance,marking, and installation of photoluminescent exitsigns• Photoluminescent Exit signs meet these UL 924requirementsoooRated to 50 feetRated to 75 feetRated to 100 feetISO 9001 Registered Since 2003DCN024.20110408www.dh-inc.com© 2011 Defense Holdings, Inc20


UL 924 ApprovedPhotoluminescent EXIT SignsWhat are your options for replacing an existing EXIT sign?• A Traditional Electric Exit Sign (either Fluorescent or LED), but thiswill require:oooConduitBattery Back Up/ Alternate Power SourceMonthly and Annual Maintenance• A Tritium Sign, but:oooIt is RADIOACTIVE and Considered HAZMATTypically only good for 10-15 years due to the half life of TritiumWill cost between $80 and $150 just for disposal when expired• A UL 924 Approved Photoluminescent EXIT SignoooNo Electrical InstallationNo Electricity consumedNo Mandated Electrical Back up SourceISO 9001 Registered Since 2003DCN024.20110408www.dh-inc.com© 2011 Defense Holdings, Inc21


Cost Benefits per UL Approved SignKey Factor Incandescent LEDRadioluminescentTritiumPhotoluminescentDrawing Costs Yes Yes Yes YesElectrical Drawings Yes Yes No NoLoad Analysis Yes Yes No NoPermit Costs Yes Yes Yes YesList Purchase Price $55 - $250 $32 - $120 $160 -$200 $50-$160Installation Costs (existingwiring)$61 (one hour) $61 (one hour) $30.75 (1/2 hour) $30.75 (1/2 hour)Installation Costs (avg 40'new wiring)$220 $220 0 0Energy Efficiency Least Good Best BestPower, watts 50 5 0 0Electricity, KWHrs 438 43.8 0 0Yearly Cost $61.32 $6.13 0 0LEED Compliant NO YES YES YESMaintenance Electrical Electrical Replacement DustPeriodic Testing Yes Yes No NoPeriodic Testing (Cost) Yes Yes No NoMonthly Cost 1/4 hour 1/4 hour - 0 0 0Yearly Cost 1 hour 1 hour 0 0Service Life (fixtures) Unlimited Unlimited 10-20 years UnlimitedService Life (bulbs) 1000 hours 200,000 hours 87,600 - 175,200 hours UnlimitedDisposal Hazard No Yes - Arsenic Yes - Tritium NoToxic No Yes Yes NoRadioactive No No Yes NoDisposal Cost 0 Yes $131 0Assumptions:$0.14 per KWHR electrical costsLED bulbs last 100 x Incandescent bulbsISO 9001 Registered Since 2003DCN024.20110408www.dh-inc.com© 2011 Defense Holdings, Inc22


Summary• There are many uses of PL technologyo Beyond what is mandated by codeo That further enhances personnel safety and egress ando Provides for reduced risk, liability, and exposure to litigation• Well known benefits of this technologyo Electricity freeo Sustainableo Green and environmentally friendlyo No disposal issueso LEEDS credits, ando Reduced costs for new construction, renovations, etc.• Questions?ISO 9001 Registered Since 2003DCN024.20110408www.dh-inc.com© 2011 Defense Holdings, Inc23


Q&AISO 9001 Registered Since 2003DCN024.20110408www.dh-inc.com© 2011 Defense Holdings, Inc24


Contact InformationPhotoluminescent Safety Associationwww.plsafety.orgDefense Holdings, Inc ® The Idea Company ®www.dh-inc.comwww.afterglowdirect.comRichard J. MartinPresident and Chief Executive Officer703.334.2858, x2866rmartin@dh-inc.comHerb JonesProgram Manager703.334.2858, x2873hjones@dh-inc.comFor our most recent commercial catalogue, please go to the following link for a downloadable version:www.afterglowdirect.com/media/downloadable/commercial_pricing_catalog.pdfFor our informative PL Reference Guide, please go to the following link for a downloadable version:www.afterglowdirect.com/media/downloadable/emergency_egress_markings_reference_guide.pdfISO 9001 Registered Since 2003DCN024.20110408www.dh-inc.com© 2011 Defense Holdings, Inc25

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