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download FREE CULTURE(PDF)

download FREE CULTURE(PDF)

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  • Page 2 and 3: This PDF version of Free Culture is
  • Page 4 and 5: ALSO BY LAWRENCE LESSIG The Future
  • Page 6 and 7: FREE CULTURE HOW BIG MEDIA USES TEC
  • Page 8 and 9: To Eric Eldred—whose work first d
  • Page 10 and 11: “PROPERTY” 81 CHAPTER SIX: Foun
  • Page 12 and 13: PREFACE At the end of his review of
  • Page 14 and 15: tween liberal Olympia Snowe and con
  • Page 16 and 17: FREE CULTURE
  • Page 18 and 19: lowed to enter into an exclusive li
  • Page 20 and 21: On the day after Christmas, 1933, f
  • Page 22 and 23: The series of body blows that FM ra
  • Page 24 and 25: street corners telling stories that
  • Page 26 and 27: Internet seem remote to most. To th
  • Page 28 and 29: the lucky Wright brothers, the Inte
  • Page 30 and 31: “PIRACY”
  • Page 32 and 33: This efficiency does not respect th
  • Page 34 and 35: e seeing, as Richard Florida writes
  • Page 36 and 37: The boys worked from a music and so
  • Page 38 and 39: (1955), Mulan (1998), Sleeping Beau
  • Page 40 and 41: significantly. A doujinshi comic ca
  • Page 42 and 43: e richer if doujinshi artists were
  • Page 44 and 45: The hard question is therefore not
  • Page 46 and 47: Eastman, himself an amateur photogr
  • Page 48 and 49: Mickey, so, too, should these photo
  • Page 50 and 51: “Media literacy,” as Dave Yanof
  • Page 52 and 53:

    and this literacy in particular, is

  • Page 54 and 55:

    didn’t speak very well. But they

  • Page 56 and 57:

    in those elections. The cycle of th

  • Page 58 and 59:

    from the mainstream press. As Dave

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    take the commercial apart and manip

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    CHAPTER THREE: Catalogs In the fall

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    users of the RPI network made avail

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    won, he would have a piece of paper

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    gave him, and the MPPC was serious

  • Page 70 and 71:

    this capacity to pirate. As South D

  • Page 72 and 73:

    dustry is a half-billion-dollar bus

  • Page 74 and 75:

    casters’ content, but more egregi

  • Page 76 and 77:

    CHAPTER FIVE: “Piracy” There is

  • Page 78 and 79:

    ate nation, but we will not allow a

  • Page 80 and 81:

    Thus, while I understand the pull o

  • Page 82 and 83:

    File sharers share different kinds

  • Page 84 and 85:

    eing]—but had to a large extent r

  • Page 86 and 87:

    esponse to this problem: used book

  • Page 88 and 89:

    infringing material, the district c

  • Page 90 and 91:

    tem to minimize the opportunity for

  • Page 92 and 93:

    macy in the behavior of the “pira

  • Page 94 and 95:

    “PROPERTY”

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    ow range of exceptions—ideas rele

  • Page 98 and 99:

    ight. Prices of the classics were t

  • Page 100 and 101:

    strictions on the freedom of others

  • Page 102 and 103:

    ones Expire; so that should this Bi

  • Page 104 and 105:

    the monopoly power of publishers? P

  • Page 106 and 107:

    “Ruined” is a bit of an exagger

  • Page 108 and 109:

    it, this touch of cartoon helped ca

  • Page 110 and 111:

    So I asked Else why he didn’t jus

  • Page 112 and 113:

    CHAPTER EIGHT: Transformers In 1993

  • Page 114 and 115:

    We decided that it would be fair if

  • Page 116 and 117:

    etrospective of someone’s career

  • Page 118 and 119:

    its archives, musicians are able to

  • Page 120 and 121:

    CHAPTER NINE: Collectors In April 1

  • Page 122 and 123:

    portant to maintain in some histori

  • Page 124 and 125:

    tions from around the world and hit

  • Page 126 and 127:

    eal restriction was economics. The

  • Page 128 and 129:

    CHAPTER TEN: “Property” Jack Va

  • Page 130 and 131:

    tections resident in all other prop

  • Page 132 and 133:

    equires that you lose your “creat

  • Page 134 and 135:

    with a $150,000 fine. The fine is a

  • Page 136 and 137:

    strict—a federal requirement that

  • Page 138 and 139:

    after the fall of Saddam, but this

  • Page 140 and 141:

    usiness against others. Its role is

  • Page 142 and 143:

    as criticism of DDT is not an endor

  • Page 144 and 145:

    particular concentration of market

  • Page 146 and 147:

    granted only for works where they w

  • Page 148 and 149:

    Law: Scope The “scope” of a cop

  • Page 150 and 151:

    The act left other creators totally

  • Page 152 and 153:

    “Copies.” That certainly sounds

  • Page 154 and 155:

    These are uses that themselves invo

  • Page 156 and 157:

    night before you went to bed. None

  • Page 158 and 159:

    ness on distributing this content a

  • Page 160 and 161:

    Casablanca. Warner Brothers objecte

  • Page 162 and 163:

    According to my eBook Reader, I hav

  • Page 164 and 165:

    These are controls, not permissions

  • Page 166 and 167:

    up aibopet.com (and aibohack.com, b

  • Page 168 and 169:

    Felten and his team figured out the

  • Page 170 and 171:

    use of the copyrighted material was

  • Page 172 and 173:

    would agree such a use is bad. Or a

  • Page 174 and 175:

    to control the use of content, and

  • Page 176 and 177:

    Does this concentration matter? Wil

  • Page 178 and 179:

    tion companies producing television

  • Page 180 and 181:

    money. Assume a group of concerned

  • Page 182 and 183:

    ing technology, together they produ

  • Page 184 and 185:

    commercial or not, transformative o

  • Page 186 and 187:

    PUZZLES

  • Page 188 and 189:

    The villagers don’t leave him alo

  • Page 190 and 191:

    But it is not quite stealing from T

  • Page 192 and 193:

    In April 2001, eMusic.com was purch

  • Page 194 and 195:

    There will be many consequences of

  • Page 196 and 197:

    e unclear. It never pays to do anyt

  • Page 198 and 199:

    you’ve got a little note from a l

  • Page 200 and 201:

    my.mp3.com service was to give user

  • Page 202 and 203:

    The point is not that businesses sh

  • Page 204 and 205:

    the technology, but will likely be

  • Page 206 and 207:

    Internet radio is thus to radio wha

  • Page 208 and 209:

    13. retail album title; 14. recordi

  • Page 210 and 211:

    RIAA launches lawsuits against not

  • Page 212 and 213:

    My point is not the idiotic one: Ju

  • Page 214 and 215:

    use of CDs. The technology, in othe

  • Page 216 and 217:

    The RIAA then expanded this campaig

  • Page 218 and 219:

    BALANCES

  • Page 220 and 221:

    Yet policy makers are not willing t

  • Page 222 and 223:

    accessible to the twentieth century

  • Page 224 and 225:

    gress has the power to extend its t

  • Page 226 and 227:

    ights are about to expire, there is

  • Page 228 and 229:

    ing term, then there would be no

  • Page 230 and 231:

    work. In 1930, 10,047 books were pu

  • Page 232 and 233:

    any continuing commercial value. Th

  • Page 234 and 235:

    In this context, there is no need f

  • Page 236 and 237:

    freedom to fill the gaps. As one re

  • Page 238 and 239:

    nored this pressure (something that

  • Page 240 and 241:

    Software Foundation (home of the GN

  • Page 242 and 243:

    their view of how this part of Amer

  • Page 244 and 245:

    case, under the government’s argu

  • Page 246 and 247:

    for the chance to see the proceedin

  • Page 248 and 249:

    chief justice: Well, but you want m

  • Page 250 and 251:

    Justice Ginsburg simply ignored the

  • Page 252 and 253:

    power. And they joined an opinion t

  • Page 254 and 255:

    the decision was praised, it was pr

  • Page 256 and 257:

    CHAPTER FOURTEEN: Eldred II The day

  • Page 258 and 259:

    moved in 1976, when Congress follow

  • Page 260 and 261:

    a world without formalities. Comple

  • Page 262 and 263:

    ond, they argued that the proposal

  • Page 264 and 265:

    domain tied to the Internet could s

  • Page 266 and 267:

    These prices are not high because t

  • Page 268 and 269:

    about the sanctity of property. 5 I

  • Page 270 and 271:

    comes our common sense. And the cha

  • Page 272 and 273:

    WIPO. But in my view, there couldn

  • Page 274 and 275:

    First, they are just flat wrong. As

  • Page 276 and 277:

    as Lessig would have it, then of co

  • Page 278 and 279:

    petition and increased diversity. S

  • Page 280 and 281:

    AFTERWORD

  • Page 282 and 283:

    US, NOW Common sense is with the co

  • Page 284 and 285:

    Well, if we think in terms of the m

  • Page 286 and 287:

    The world of free software had been

  • Page 288 and 289:

    of scientific work submit that work

  • Page 290 and 291:

    of content (“content conducers,

  • Page 292 and 293:

    with Creative Commons freedoms. The

  • Page 294 and 295:

    These are all formalities associate

  • Page 296 and 297:

    tially lower the burden of this for

  • Page 298 and 299:

    2. Shorter Terms The term of copyri

  • Page 300 and 301:

    3. Free Use Vs. Fair Use As I obser

  • Page 302 and 303:

    tain statutory conditions. Either w

  • Page 304 and 305:

    tion should not be, how should the

  • Page 306 and 307:

    Alternatively, the law could create

  • Page 308 and 309:

    uses. A system that simply charges

  • Page 310 and 311:

    should be on how to make sure the a

  • Page 312 and 313:

    arely test their power, or the powe

  • Page 314 and 315:

    Notes Toward a Cultural Geography o

  • Page 316 and 317:

    5. Coe, 58. 6. For illustrative cas

  • Page 318 and 319:

    7. To Amend and Consolidate the Act

  • Page 320 and 321:

    (September 2002), reporting that 28

  • Page 322 and 323:

    CHAPTER SIX: FOUNDERS 1. Jacob Tons

  • Page 324 and 325:

    York: Basic Books, 1999): 90-95; La

  • Page 326 and 327:

    we should repeal it. It is instead

  • Page 328 and 329:

    35. Siva Vaidhyanathan captures a s

  • Page 330 and 331:

    11. For example, in July 2002, Repr

  • Page 332 and 333:

    Constitution. I invite all of you t

  • Page 334 and 335:

    kets pose a threat to the entire sy

  • Page 336 and 337:

    #79. For other proposals, see Lawre

  • Page 338 and 339:

    Yonezawa. I am thankful as well as

  • Page 340 and 341:

    Barlow, Joel, 8 Barnes & Noble, 147

  • Page 342 and 343:

    copyright law (cont.) copies as cor

  • Page 344 and 345:

    Fairbank, Robert, 105 fair use, 141

  • Page 346 and 347:

    Jefferson, Thomas, 84, 120, 284 Joh

  • Page 348 and 349:

    peer-to-peer file sharing (cont.) f

  • Page 350 and 351:

    Secure Digital Music Initiative (SD

  • Page 352:

    ABOUT THE AUTHOR LAWRENCE LESSIG (h

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