micro power economy - Eine Welt Netz NRW

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micro power economy - Eine Welt Netz NRW

3/20MICRO POWER ECONOMYRISK MANAGEMENT IN MINI-GRID POWER SUPPLYWALKING DOWN THE ECONOMIES OF SCALE CURVEFoto: A Micro-Utility connects new customers


10,000kWh/year100,000kWh/year1,000,000kWh/year10,000,000kWh/year100,000,000kWh/year1,000,000,000kWh/year4/20MICRO POWER ECONOMYRISK MANAGEMENT IN MINI-GRID POWER SUPPLYSMALLER GRIDS – DIFFERENT CHALLENGESEconomies of scale effectsCooperatives andsmall utilitiesNational andlarge/mediumprivate utilities inmain-gridsMini-Utility sectorMicro-utilitysectorInofficialsectorINENSUSHuskPowerSystemsPowerSourceGroupSales per site(logarithmic axis)------DIPL.-ING. NICO PETERSCHMIDTMANAGING DIRECTOR INENSUS GMBH


5/20MICRO POWER ECONOMYRISK MANAGEMENT IN MINI-GRID POWER SUPPLYSMALLER GRIDS – DIFFERENT CHALLENGESDecreased economies of scale effects means increasedchallenges in:1. Technical system stability due to higherconcurrency2. Prevention of conflicts arising due tointransparent community decision making structures3. Revenue stabilization due to less diversincome sources of customers4. Increasing operation and transaction costs perkWh produced require new management approaches------DIPL.-ING. NICO PETERSCHMIDTMANAGING DIRECTOR INENSUS GMBH


6/20MICRO POWER ECONOMYRISK MANAGEMENT IN MINI-GRID POWER SUPPLYMANAGING COMPLEXITY / TRANSACTION COSTSNation. authorities/ministries1. Implementation perioddefined by Public Partner vs.duration to acquirepermissionsNation. fiscal policyNational framework levelInt. Public Partners /Donors7. Implementationperiod defined byPublic Partners vs.due diligenceduration of banks5. Expensive CDMapplicationprocedure cannotbe covered bygrantsCDM / UNFCCC6. CDM only applicablewith large scale projectsin PoA approach2. No coverage offoreign exchange riskForeigninvestmentguarantors8. Taxationscheme in dev.countries oftennot transparentto SMEs3. Low tariffs vs. costs foracquisition of permissions;cost of permission acquisitionmust often be neglected intariff calculation according toregulatory authorities4. Equity needs tobe spent whenavailable vs.permissions needunpredictabledurationInternational support structure levelBanks9. Low total amountof capital requiredand low tariffs vs.high effort to acquirea loanMicro-Utility(SME)11. MFIs often expect high immediatebenefits from cooperation with microutilitiesand are not prepared to investinto new markets without donor support10. Long andexpensive duediligence processesMFIsEquity investorsProject implementation level------DIPL.-ING. NICO PETERSCHMIDTMANAGING DIRECTOR INENSUS GMBH


7/20MICRO POWER ECONOMYRISK MANAGEMENT IN MINI-GRID POWER SUPPLYMICRO-UTILITY BUSINESS MODEL DESIGN


8/20MICRO POWER ECONOMYRISK MANAGEMENT IN MINI-GRID POWER SUPPLYTHE BUSINESS MODEL OF „MICRO POWER ECONOMY“Innovationspreis für Klimaund Umwelt 2010 (BMU, BDI)Energy Globe World AwardNominated in Category: FIRE2011European Business Awards for the Environment 2012: Winner of the category„International Business Cooperation“ (European Commission)


9/20MICRO POWER ECONOMYRISK MANAGEMENT IN MINI-GRID POWER SUPPLYCOMPONENT 1: CONSTELLATION OF STAKEHOLDERSRegulatoryAuthorityElectrificationAuthorityDonorOrganisationNational gridoperatorEuropeanInvestorTechnologySupplierLocalO&M PartnerOperator ofPower StationPower SupplyOperatorSystemowns movableassetsJoint VentureContractSubsidies used to set-upthe Mini-GridMicro-FinanceInstitutionVillage Mini-Grid PowerCommittee Operatorowns fixedassetsRural CitizenTechnologySupplierLocalElectrician------DIPL.-ING. NICO PETERSCHMIDTMANAGING DIRECTOR INENSUS GMBH


10/20MICRO POWER ECONOMYRISK MANAGEMENT IN MINI-GRID POWER SUPPLYCOMPONENT 2: TARIFFS AND BILLINGElectricity block: max. power 50 W; weekly energy 2 kWh for € 1.40PowerExtra Power0.9 €/kWhExtra Energy0.9 €/kWhcombinedelectricityblocksTime------DIPL.-ING. NICO PETERSCHMIDTMANAGING DIRECTOR INENSUS GMBH


11/20MICRO POWER ECONOMYRISK MANAGEMENT IN MINI-GRID POWER SUPPLYCOMPONENT 2: TARIFFS AND BILLINGΣ€kWhElectr. user 1 Electr. user 2Electricity blocksordered after 6months=Electr. user 3 Electr. user 4 Electr. user 5To be made available bypower station operatorNewblocksNumber of electricity blocks ordered can beincreased or decreased every six monthsElectricity blocks can be traded between ruralcitizens------DIPL.-ING. NICO PETERSCHMIDTMANAGING DIRECTOR INENSUS GMBH


12/20MICRO POWER ECONOMYRISK MANAGEMENT IN MINI-GRID POWER SUPPLYCOMPONENT 3: THE MICRO UTILITY SOLUTION_ The Micro Power Smart Meter_ The Micro Grid Controland Accounting Centre------DIPL.-ING. NICO PETERSCHMIDTMANAGING DIRECTOR INENSUS GMBH


13/20MICRO POWER ECONOMYRISK MANAGEMENT IN MINI-GRID POWER SUPPLYPICTURE OF POWER STATION------DIPL.-ING. NICO PETERSCHMIDTMANAGING DIRECTOR INENSUS GMBH


14/20MICRO POWER ECONOMYRISK MANAGEMENT IN MINI-GRID POWER SUPPLYEXPLANATION OF HYBRID POWER SYSTEM TO ELECTRICITYCUSTOMERS------DIPL.-ING. NICO PETERSCHMIDTMANAGING DIRECTOR INENSUS GMBH


15/20MICRO POWER ECONOMYRISK MANAGEMENT IN MINI-GRID POWER SUPPLYMicroPowerEconomy means development optionsfor rural citizensand attractive profits for investors!15/21INENSUS HISTORYINENSUS GmbHAm Stollen 19D38640 GoslarGermanywww.inensus.comTel +49 (5321) 38271 0Fax +49 (5321) 38271 99------DIPL.-ING. NICO PETERSCHMIDTMANAGING DIRECTOR INENSUS GMBH

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