Daimlers Activities within Fuel Cell Vehicles - Zero

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Daimlers Activities within Fuel Cell Vehicles - Zero

Daimler’s F-Cell andbattery technologyZerokonferansen09 / 30.09.20091


Zerokonferansen09 / 30.09.20092


ContentsPossibilities to reduce CO2-EmissionsContents1. Responsibility for the Blue Planet2. Possibilities to reduce CO2-Emissions3. Daimlers Activities within Fuel Cell Vehicles4. Daimlers Activities within Battery Electric Vehicles5. Conclusion and future prospectsZerokonferansen09 / 30.09.20093


Possibilities to reduce CO2-EmissionsTotal Energy Balance – Well-to-Wheel ClassificationGHG* Emissions [g CO 2 eq/km]200175150125100755025Battery electric vehicle:small range and long chargingtimeBattery electric vehicle(Fueled by 100%renewable electricity)Plug-in Hybrid withFuel Cell(Fueled by 100%renewable electricity)Fuel Cell(Fueled by 100%H2 from fossil sources)TechnologyChangeInternal CombustionEnginesHybrid(Diesel)Hybrid(Gasoline)DieselBattery electricvehicle(Fueled by 100%electricity from EU-Mix)Fuel Cell(Fueled by 100%renewable H2)GasolineCosts for Transformationof Technology02040506080100120140150160180200220Energy Consumption Well-to-Wheel [MJ/100km]*GHG: Green HouseGasSource: EUCAR/CONCAWE "Well-to-Wheels Report 2004";Optiresource, 2006 Reference vehicle class: VW GolfZerokonferansen09 / 30.09.20094


Possibilities to reduce CO2-EmissionsDaimler’s Technology Portfolio for Sustainable MobilityOptimization of ourvehicles with high-techcombustion enginesHybridization for furtherincrease in efficiencyEmission-free driving withfuel-cell/ electric vehiclesBlueEFFICIENCYCGI BlueTEC DIESOTTO HYBRID Range Extender Plug-InFuel-Cell Battery-/E-DriveEnergy sourcesfor themobility of the futureClean fuels for combustion enginesEmission free drivingZerokonferansen09 / 30.09.20095


Possibilities to reduce CO2-EmissionsOptimal Mobility ScenariosLong Distance Interurban UrbanCombustion EngineHybridizationPlug-In/Range ExtenderBattery DriveFuel CellZerokonferansen09 / 30.09.20096


ContentsDaimlers Activities within Fuel Cell VehiclesContents1. Responsibility for the Blue Planet2. Possibilities to reduce CO2-Emissions3. Daimlers Activities within Fuel Cell Vehicles4. Daimlers Activities within Battery Electric Vehicles5. Conclusion and future prospectsZerokonferansen09 / 30.09.20097


Daimlers Activities within Fuel Cell VehiclesHistory of Daimler’s Fuel Cell Vehicles - almost 15 years of Fuel CellDevelopmentMethanolConcepts- and feasibility studiesNecar 3 Necar 5Fit for daily use / Fleet testSmall seriesdemonstrationPassenger carsNecar 2 Necar 4F-Cell A-Class F600F-Cell A-ClassAdvancedF-Cell B-Class1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 20072008 2009 201060 F-Cell Vehiclesin customer operationNecar 1 Nebus Fuel Cell Sprinter Fuel Cell Citaro Fuel Cell Sprinter36 Buses (Citaro) inEurope, Australia, China3 SprinterEurope, USAFuel Cell HybridCitaroFuel Cell SprinterLight+heavy-duty vehicles~ 2.500.000 km~ 63.000 hMarket preparation – worldwide fleet operationZerokonferansen09 / 30.09.2009~ 2.175.000 km~ 142.000 h~ 64.000 km~ 2.400 h9


Daimlers Activities within Fuel Cell VehiclesDaimler’s Fuel Cell Technology RoadmapBusPassenger CarsLead ApplicationVanGeneration 1Technology Demonstration2004Generation 1Technology DemonstrationF-CellGeneration 1Technology DemonstrationGeneration 2Customer Acceptance2010Generation 2Customer AcceptanceB-Class F-CellGeneration 2Customer AcceptanceFuture Generations~ 2013Generation 3Cost Reduction IFuture Generations~2015Generation 4Market IntroductionCost Reduction II~2020Generation 5Mass ProductionDaimler is dedicated to commercializing fuel cell vehiclesZerokonferansen09 / 30.09.200910


Daimlers Activities within Fuel Cell VehiclesTransition to the next Generation of FCV: B Class F-CellA Class F-CellB Class F-Cell2004 – 2009Controlled fleet demonstrationfrom 2010Large fleet demonstrationSize(FC-System)-40%Power+30%Consumption-16%Range+150%B Class F-Cell:• Higher stack lifetime (more than 2000h)• Increased power (65kW 100kW)• Higher reliability• Longer range (160km 385km)[l][kW][l/100km][km]• Freeze start ability below 0°C• Li-Ion batteryZerokonferansen09 / 30.09.200911


Daimlers Activities within Fuel Cell VehiclesThe New Mercedes-Benz B-Class F-CELL - Safety, Driving Pleasure,Dynamics, Ecology and EconomyThe B-Class provides‣ the dynamic design of asports cruiser‣ the size of a compact car‣ the space of a stationwagon‣ the versatility of a minivan‣ the safety of a Mercedes-BenzB-Class F-CELL - Main Technical DataPowerEffective power fuel cellEffective power electricmotor (continuous/peak)Maximum torqueCapacity accumulatorHydrogen pressureRange & ConsumptionRange80 kW70 kW/100 kW290 Nm6.8 Ah700 bar(U.S. Combined)385 km*Consumption adjustedCO 2 -emissions3,3* l diesel equivalent/100 km0g/100 kmZerokonferansen09 / 30.09.2009Driving PerformanceAcceleration 0-100 km/hTop Speed11.4 s170 km/h*NEDC12


Daimlers Activities within Fuel Cell VehiclesThe New Mercedes-Benz B-Class F-CELL - achievements,Specifics, Goals‣ First series-produced vehicle with a zero-emission fuel-cell drive.‣ The B-Class F-CELL has undergone the same quality-ensuring processes employedfor other vehicles of Daimler.‣ Packaging of the fuel cell drive train into the compact body of the Mercedes-Benz B-Class- without any restrictions in regard to passenger and luggage space.‣ B-Class F-CELL offers high driving performance standards that surpass those of astandard two-litre gasoline engine.‣ Ready for customer acceptance & everyday use.‣ The B-Class F-CELL is a milestone on the road to commercialization of fuel cellvehicles.Zerokonferansen09 / 30.09.200913


Daimlers Activities within Fuel Cell VehiclesZero Emission Mobility for Public Transport - The New CitaroFuelCELL-HybridNext generation fuel cell buses are characterized by:‣ Optimized fuel cell system and fuel cell operation strategy‣ Use of passenger car modules‣ Optimized drive train concept‣ Integrated energy accumulator - lithium-ion high voltage battery‣ Electrified auxiliary system components‣ Reduced weight of the bus (e.g. by reducing the number of gascylinders due to better efficiencies - 350 bar Tank system)Zerokonferansen09 / 30.09.200914


ContentsDaimlers Activities within Battery Electric VehiclesContents1. Responsibility for the Blue Planet2. Possibilities to reduce CO2-Emissions3. Daimlers Activities within Fuel Cell Vehicles4. Daimlers Activities within Battery Electric Vehicles5. Conclusion and future prospectsZerokonferansen09 / 30.09.200915


Daimlers Activities within Battery Electric VehiclesDaimler‘s History of Battery Electric Vehicles19721974 1976 1978 1980 1982 1984 1986 19881990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 20081988 BR 308E1998 - ?BR 451 ev1972 LE 3061979 BR 307E1995 - 1998MB 410E1991 – 1995W123 + MB1001994 - 1998W168 A-Class1993 Vision A931982 W1231993ff Transporter308E + V108E1993 W202Zerokonferansen09 / 30.09.200916


Daimlers Activities within Battery Electric VehiclesDaimler’s Battery Electric Vehicle Technology RoadmapMB Passenger Carssmart edVanGeneration 1Technology Demonstration2007Phase 1Technology DemonstrationGeneration 1Technology DemonstrationGeneration 2Market Introduction2009~ 2012Phase 2Customer AcceptanceGeneration 2Technology ValidationFuture Generations~ 2015Phase 3Market IntroductionCost Reduction IFuture Generations~ 2020Phase 4Mass ProductionCost Reduction IICentral component: BatteryDeveloped Li-Ion-BatteriesFuel cell batteryS-Class mild hybridbatterysmart ed batteryZerokonferansen09 / 30.09.200917


Daimlers Activities within Battery Electric Vehiclessmart ed – Next Generation of Battery Electric Vehiclesmart ed phase Ismart ed phase III2006 – 2008Technology demonstrationfrom 2012small Seriessmart ed phase 3:• Increased power (41 kW 50 kW)• Higher reliabilityPower+20%Acceleration+20%Range+35%• Longer range (110 km 150 km)• Improved freeze start ability• Improved battery (Sodium-Nickel-Chloride Li-Ion)[kW][m/s 2 ][km]Zerokonferansen09 / 30.09.200918


ContentsConclusion and future prospectsContents1. Responsibility for the Blue Planet2. Possibilities to reduce CO2-Emissions3. Daimlers Activities within Fuel Cell Vehicles4. Daimlers Activities within Battery Electric Vehicles5. Conclusion and future prospectsZerokonferansen09 / 30.09.200919


Conclusion and future prospectsBattery- and Fuel Cell-Vehicles – they share a lot but challengesremain for both technologiesBattery Electric Vehicle (BEV)Fuel Cell Vehicle (FCV)User profileSustainable city vehicle with highpurchase costs, low operationalcosts and adequate drivingperformanceCollective strengths• Reduction of green house gases throughzero emission vehicles• Efficient utilization of energy• Independence from crude oil• Low tax burden• Very low operational costs• Dynamic and comfort with the electricdrive• Low noise emissionsUser profileSustainable vehicle with bigloading capacity, high range andgod driving performance• Best energy efficiency and lowest emissions of all drivetrain methodsStrengths• Short refuelling time and high range• Drive train concept also applicable for large passengercars and commercial vehicles• Long charging time and short range• High battery costs• Battery durability and capacity• Charging infrastructure non-existentChallenges• High component costs• Fuel cell durability• Renewable hydrogen• H2-infrastructure non-existent‣ BEV und FCV complement one another in their profiles and can fulfill all mobility requirementsZerokonferansen09 / 30.09.200920


Conclusion and future prospectsBlueZERO: Modular Concept for E-MobilityDaimler’s Green TechnologyZerokonferansen09 / 30.09.200921


Thanks for your attention!Zerokonferansen09 / 30.09.200922

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