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PORTAL 02PORTAL 02SEPTEMBER 2004INFORMATION FOR ARCHITECTSFROM HÖRMANNLiving and WorkingProjects and contributions from Hilmer & Sattler, RikenYamamoto & Field Shop and Frank Kagelmacher


PORTAL 02INFORMATION FOR ARCHITECTS FROM HÖRMANNCONTENTS3 EDITORIAL4 / 5 / 6 / 7OPPORTUNITIES AND RISKS IN BOOMLAND CHINAby Dr. Falk Kagelmacher8 / 9 / 10 / 11 / 12 / 13 / 14 / 15 / 16 / 17THE RITZ-CARLTON IN BERLINThe 5-star hotel on the Potsdamer Platz revives memories of the Golden Twenties –Design: Hilmer & Sattler und Albrecht Gesellschaft von Architekten mbH, Berlin18 / 19 / 20 / 21 / 22 / 23 / 24 / 25RESIDENTIAL AND BUSINESS CENTREJAN WAI SOHO IN BEIJINGLuxury residence in the Middle Kingdom - Design: Riken Yamamoto & Field Shop, JP-Yokohama26 / 27PORTAL TALKS TO NIKOLAUS GOETZEon the subject of preventive fire protection28 / 29TECHNOLOGYHÖRMANN aluminium doors with coordinated appearance; concealed hinges for fire doors;smoke-tightness; light and transparency; ...30 / 31 / 32 / 33HÖRMANN CORPORATE NEWS– New standards for emergency and escape routes– Extended fire protection centre in Freisen– Updated specifications program– Garage and industrial sectional doors already conform to the safety standard– HÖRMANN sectional garage doors in a new look34 / 35PREVIEW / IMPRINT


EDITORIALMartin J. Hörmann, Thomas J. Hörmann and Christoph HörmannLadies and Gentlemen,Whether in relation to individual projects or cities withover one million inhabitants, the construction industryin China is booming. Such reports appearing daily in themedia lure many a German architect into seeking his/herfortune in the former Middle Kingdom. But in all but a fewcases, this commitment to China ends in major disappointment:the design is implemented – without the somewhatastonished German architect having been involved. Weconsulted an on-the-spot expert, Dr. Falk Kagelmacher,working on behalf of the Centre for International Migrationand Development/Frankfurt (CIM) as a foreign expertand consultant for the Chinese Academy of Urban Planningand Design (CAUPD) in Beijing. He recommends thatany German architects wishing to establish themselvesin China should bring their special know-how in the sectorof sustainable urban development, intelligent buildingcontrol and facility management to the fore – because asa high-tech partner Germany’s standing in China is still ashigh as before (p. 4 ff.)Likewise leading to China and central to this issue’s overridingtopic – Living and Working – is the documentationon the Jian Wai SOHO Project right in the centre of Beijing,designed by the Japanese architects Riken Yamamoto& Field Shop. SOHO stands for “Single Office HomeOffice“ and takes into account the Chinese trend towardslocating the workplace at home and a post-industrial loftlifestyle (p. 18 ff.)In contrast, chic, internationality and luxury are quiteclearly the maxims of the recently opened 5-star Ritz-Carlton Hotel in Berlin, designed by the Hilmer & Sattlerand Albrecht firm of architects. The external as well asinternal shape of the two building structures – of the35 metre high hotel block and of a corresponding 72 metrehigh tower with luxury apartments – is reminiscent of theskyscrapers that dominated the New York, Chicago orBoston skylines during the 1920s (p. 8 ff.)Under the new technology category we show contemporarysolutions that HÖRMANN offers in the preventive fireprotection sector, such as consistently matching steel andaluminium tubular frame constructions as well as T30/F30,T90/F90 sheet steel doors and versions with a smoke-tightfunction (p. 28 ff.)Thomas J. HörmannPersonally liable shareholder3


OPPORTUNITIES AND RISKS IN BOOMLAND CHINAFor years now we have been hearing almost daily of some new record or other beingbroken in China. Residential dwellings and urban sites are planned and constructedat a pace that puts even the postwar development in Germany in the shade. Dr. FalkKagelmacher explains the consequences of this growth for urban planning, thehousing market and the involvement of German companies in the former MiddleKingdom.China is changing. In itself this is not new. Yet change isthe only trend that has proven consistent. Indeed, the adage“nothing is as constant as change”, fits China down tothe ground. The change is rapid and as regards contentsfull of twists and turns, with dynamics more than matchingthose of the country’s economic development.The corresponding images increase the effectiveness ofthe contents: the Shanghai skyline, millions of square metresof new residential and office areas, the new buildingsof the 2008 Olympic Games in Beijing as well as the forthcomingWorld Exhibition in Shanghai in 2010 act on foreigninvestors and companies like magnets.Such reports are instrumental in building up immensepressure in the minds of strategic corporate planners andmanaging directors of major architects offices throughoutthe globe, creating a compulsion to participate. Yet opportunityhere is a risk at the same time. While major projectsmay be good for one’s reputation, they are not necessarilypositive for business. All too often the astonished Germanarchitect finds that his design has been implemented withouthis involvement – something that a number of Germanarchitects working in China have already experienced.Whereas the headlines coming out of China once focussedattention on the major architects, nowadays successand profits in the trade with China are increasinglybeing chalked up by specialists. For a foreign architect tosimply turn up, will no longer do; more and more demandsare being placed on the external office. One advantage isthat in China the “made in Germany” label is still held inhigh esteem. German brands are associated with qualityand reliability and the Chinese are therefore happy to usethem.The case of Beijing and the limits of growthSeven square metres. That was the average living spaceof a Beijing resident in the 1990s. And today? It doesn’tmake any sense to seriously answer this question becausetomorrow the figure will be higher, and the dayafter tomorrow it will be completely out of date.These Beijing dynamics do not follow any fixed set ofrules. As far as the economic development is concerned,the central government, at any rate locally, can do nomore than simply respond. Any form of self-action has becomevirtually impossible. A meeting with the China MayorsAssociation confirmed this. In reply to the question ofhow the cities and local authorities estimate the speedof economic development, it was conceded that controlover this was being lost. In the light of these problems, thecentral government has decided to exercise a regulatinginfluence over these so called “hot sectors” – to whichthe construction and traffic sectors are seen to belong.The first direct effects of this rapid growth are the powershortages increasingly experienced in recent times. Asreported in the “China Daily“, initial attempts have beenmade since the beginning of June. It is hoped that artificiallyproduced rain in Shanghai, the Chinese metropolisof millions, will help cool down the atmosphere on hotsummer days, causing less electricity to be used. The localgovernment of Shanghai has demanded power cuts inorder to counteract the escalating consumption. The conceptis for aircraft to fly over the city to create clouds fromdry ice, iodic silver and salt in order to bring about rain asa result of the produced physical reactions. Last summerShanghai’s explosive economic development and a 40-dayheat-wave caused massive power shortages.4


Author: Dr. Falk Kagelmacher, China Academy of Urban Planning and DesignPeter Wahl, Dipl.-Ing.Architekt, Geschäftsführer undPartner bei Tilke GmbH Ingenieure und ArchitektenShanghai PitBuildingIn the midst of existing housing, new urban areas emerge.Circuit Park ZandvoortThis year too there were reports of energy problems. Factorieswere partially or even completely cut off from theelectricity supply. The “Shanghai Daily“ has also reportedthat with immediate effect electricity for industrially andcommercially used buildings will become considerablymore expensive. For the time being, private householdswill not be affected by the increase. If a further heat-waveshould hit Shanghai this year, the city could have a shortfallin power to the tune of four million kilowatt hours. Thisis equivalent to the annual consumption of around 1000private households in Germany.In the wake of rapid urbanisation – by 2020 roughly half ofall Chinese citizens will be living in towns and cities – thebalance between the transport infrastructure on the onehand and industrial and housing development on the otherhas got out of control. With around 1000 private cars beingnewly registered every day in Beijing alone, the transportproblems are assuming alarming proportions.5


HÖRMANN PRESENCE IN CHINA:– 1998 first HÖRMANN subsidiary in China,– since 2000 production in Beijing,– in the meantime three subsidiaries in China and 175 employees,– Chinese approval / British Standard and certified products,– products which are produced in China for the Asiatic market:doors, sectional doors and high-speed doors, loading equipment.Because even projects of this scale require a strategicapproach. The Chinese partner acquires the transfer oftechnology not least through an exchange of architectsfrom China to Germany and vice versa.Stocktaking, analysis and concept are drawn up in partnership,the design and competition then carried out forthe most part by the German partner. Implementation ofthe project falls to the Chinese partner. The art lies inparticipating in the net product of the project, i.e. the timeinvested is restricted to the analysis, concept and schematicdesign, taking into account the attainable budget.SARS and the Home OfficeA good example of the dynamics of change was the SARSepidemic. The outbreak and reporting in the media led toa large number of employees deciding to carry out theirwork from home. That having been said, it must be mentionedthat in China the separation of the private and professionalspheres is far less drastic than here in the West.Here too the Chinese mentality proves to be extremelyflexible. Coming across the kiosk owner in his underwearin the morning is just as normal as seeing the furnituresalesman setting up his bed in the shop in the evening.SARS combined with the easy accessibility of high-speedInternet connections have greatly accelerated the trendtowards working from home.The project developers of SOHO China (Single OfficeHome Office) have implemented this concept for Chinawith a great deal of success. A prestigious project inthis respect is a newly constructed residential and officecomplex, close to the centre of Beijing, located in thenow-named CBD (Central Business District). Because ofhow the rooms have been designed, a clear distinctionbetween the living and working areas is not necessarilymade. Artists, retailers and the self-employed share spacewith bars, restaurants and cultural facilities. Particularlyin Beijing where loft-living is being discovered as theexpression of a new lifestyle, newly built lofts are beingoffered which deliberately resemble the classic look ofpost-industrial buildings. In building such complexes, theaccess monitoring, otherwise usual in China, is dispensedwith because the separation between residents, employeesand visitors is less distinct, i.e. the building management’splanning adapts to the new conditions.Where is the trend heading?The concept of owning property is a relatively new developmentin modern China. At the same time a middle classhas developed which after a long period of time can nowfinally consume. Thanks to clever marketing some of thehousing facilities are already sold before constructiongets underway, with potential customers buying one, twoor even several apartments. As a rule, the respective unitsare equipped only with the basics, the rest of the equipmentbeing provided by the buyer. A number of projectdevelopers have taken a new route and offer more thanthe basics. As one of the first to do so, SOHO China hastried to sell an overall impression together with the apartment.The response from the clientele has been extremelypositive.Compared with the local standard, the apartments arewell equipped and the public areas are artistically designedtoo. Likewise the buyer may decide to leave theequipping of the apartment to the service company whichthen takes charge of the interior work and design.Opportunities for German companies...In the construction sector, as in many other areas, maintaininga minimum quality standard is a major challenge.Using unskilled manpower when development is takingplace at such a rapid pace, is not without its problems.At the same time there are many areas in the constructionindustry where adequate standards and regulationshave not been put in place. However, China has sincerecognized the need for regulation in this area and here inparticular is orientating itself towards Germany as a rolemodel. It is here based on know-how and quality that Germancompanies have the best opportunities for gaining afoot-hold in the market . One of the most important tasksin this respect must surely be to establish a service networkand train up teams in order to attain and maintain aconsistently high and sustainable quality standard.7


10THE RITZ-CARLTON, BERLIN


View from the roof of the Sony Center overlooking the zoo and the BeisheimCenter with Parkside Tower, Tower Apartments and The Ritz-Carlton, Berlin.11


THE RITZ-CARLTON, BERLINThe first upper floor housing the conference area and ballroom is linked tothe hotel lobby via a continuous gallery and an impressive centrally locatedstaircase.12


For the entrance doors and wet-room doors, produced by Schörghuber,American cherrywood was chosen.13


THE RITZ-CARLTON, BERLINLayout plan/ground floor of the Beisheim Center14


Vista of the the Ritz-Carlton’s entrance facade15


THE RITZ-CARLTON, BERLINSection and floorplans: conference/ballroom level, hotel level,living level (from left)Illustration on right: entrance portal of the apartment tower16


CONTRACTORProf. Dr. Otto BeisheimDESIGNHilmer & Sattler und AlbrechtGesellschaft von Architekten mbH,BerlinINTERIOR DESIGNHotel Interior DesignPeter Silling, ColognePHOTOSStefan Müller, BerlinThe Ritz-Carlton, Berlin (p. 11, 13)Hörmann KG (p. 12)Schörghuber (p. 13 )HÖRMANN PRODUCTSFire doorsSCHÖRGHUBER PRODUCTSRoom doors and wet-room doorsPillars and oriel-shaped windows lend the facade ofthe Ritz-Carlton a precise verticality.LOCATIONPotsdamer Platz 3, 10785 Berlin /Germany17


RESIDENTIAL AND BUSINESS CENTREJIAN WAI SOHO IN BEIJINGThe old China has had its day. On the soil of the modern, reform-oriented Chinanew landscapes are emerging every day. Jian Wai Soho is one of the currentlydeveloped residential and business quarters, financed by private investors.What sets it apart from the dreams of many other investors? The consistentlyhigh standard of the urban-planning and design concept.“We are creating new landscapes, never seen beforein the old Peking“, – these are the words used by RikenYamamoto & Field Shop Architects from Yokohama to describetheir work on the new residential quarter, Jian WaiSoho. Indeed, the construction boom in Beijing appears tobe unstoppable and Jian Wai Soho bears witness to thiscontinuous process. It is a residential and business complexin the eastern part of the city, the Central BusinessDistrict. A close neighbour is the China World Trade Center,a building from China’s first reform period. A furtherheavily symbolic location is found some two kilometresto the West: It is “The Place of Heavenly Peace”, whichgained sad notoriety in May 1989 during the demonstrationsto promote democratic developments in China.A microcosm of different usesIn May 2004 the third construction stage of the Jian WaiSoho city quarter, totalling 70 hectares, was completed,with four further stages to follow in the near future. Besidesthe also recently opened Soho New Town and theSoho City of Zaha Hadid, it is currently one of the largestprivately financed housing projects in Beijing. And withJian Wai Soho a microcosm of the latest residentialbuilding generation has now already emerged: almost230,000 sq. metres of luxury apartments and 96,000 sq.metres of shops have so far been completed.Two high-rise slab blocks in the East and nine residentialbuildings, up to 100 metres high and on the floorplan 28 upto 28 metres large form the quarter’s silhouette. Embeddedwithin this are lower building structures for officesand shops. Different levels, leading into one another andabove one another, create space for various places,gardens and paths. This superimposition also representsthe intertwining of the different uses. It is in this contextthat the word “Soho” is to be understood, being derivedfrom the term “Small Office” – Home Office“, in otherwords “Home Office” All the residential blocks have officespace on the first three floors, multi-functional studios aswell as utility units which can be individually partitioned.Two-storey plenums, the so called common living or communalareas, are distributed throughout every level of theresidential towers.A high standard of design also in the interiorThe architectural concept’s extremely high standard ofdesign is also reflected in the design of the interior. Openfloorplans and roof gardens characterize the residentialunits, geared towards the Western standard. With thespecial design line (Soho calls it “flash-facing”), all thecomponents adhere to the one line. The internal doorsof the apartments, the frame and door leaves of whichHörmann KG developed specially for Soho, run on a planewith the wall and can be opened inwards all the waythrough, in other words “through the frame”. Moreover,the frame of the internal door is not visible, i.e. only a kindof plaster edge can still be seen and the frame face doesnot exist.A special construction, based on the double-leaf HAapartment door, was also developed for the apartmentdoors. Here too the door opens “through the frame”. Thecentral rails have also been dispensed with. In contrast tothe frame of the ZK internal door, however, the frame facehere remains visible.18


The utility concept of the Jian Wai SOHO city quarter – a mixture ofapartments, shops and leisure facilities – is mirrored in the urbanisticstructure.19


20JIAN WAI SOHO BEIJING


The first stage of a construction project six times as large again:the Jian Wai SOHO part of the city covers some 70 hectares.50421


JIAN WAI SOHO BEIJINGAlso the interior furnishings are geared towards the western standard.In total 3131 HÖRMANN doors were installed in the luxury apartments,686 of which were apartment entrance doors and 2445 internal doors.22


Masterplan and section23


JIAN WAI SOHO BEIJINGDetailed sections of an internal door (photo at top and centre) andapartment door24


CONTRACTORSOHO China Ltd.DESIGNRiken Yamamoto & Field Shop,Yokohama, Japan; C + A, MIKAN;Beijing New Era ArchitecturalDesign; Beijing Dingfang HuataiArchitectural & Engineering, ChinaPHOTOSTomio OhashiHörmann KG Beijing (p. 24)HÖRMANN PRODUCTSHA apartment doorsZK internal doorsLOCATIONChao Yang District, Beijing, ChinaA sign of constant change: cars, construction cranes and the first threebuilding stages of the Jian Wai Soho in the Chao Yang District.25


PORTAL TALKS TO THEARCHITECT NIKOLAUS GOETZEVon Gerkan, Marg und Partner is one of the German architect’s offices which hasbeen active in China now for a number of years - and with a great deal of success.At the present time the gmp subsidiary in Beijing has 11 projects on the go, includinglarge exhibition and shopping centres but also residential buildings and a museum.PORTAL spoke to Nikolaus Goetze, a gmp partner and renowned China expert, aboutthe experience gained from the projects in China, particularly those involving fireprotection.PORTAL: The diversity of the projects carried out by gmpis astounding. The Stuttgart Airport has just been completedbut the office is also involved in projects on internationalterrain, such as in China. A project we must surelymention in this regard is the German School in Beijing.Can you briefly explain the architectural concept behindthis project which marked the beginning of your activitiesin China in 1998?NIKOLAUS GOETZE: The site lies in Beijing’s third diplomaticquarter; the heavily used street Liangmaquiao-Luand the heterogeneous environs characterise the surroundings.From this situation we developed the idea ofa self-referencing building structure which divides thesite into defined spaces via fixed spatial borders. Whatemerges is an interplay of spaces, demarcations andopenings, picking up on the Chinese building tradition ofgrouping structures together. The ensemble is formed by aschool building, characterised by horizontal lines, and, instark contrast to it, a vertically rising residential complexfor teachers and embassy personnel.PORTAL: What experience were you able to gain in termsof preventive fire protection while working on this andsubsequent projects in China? Where does Chinese legislationdiffer from that in force here in Germany?Shenzhen Convention & Exhibition CenterGerman School in Beijing26


NIKOLAUS GOETZE:Certified engineer and architect, born in Kempen,Germany, on 25th September 1959.1980 Architectural studies at theRWTH Aachen, Germany1985/86 Master class Prof. W. Holzbauer,Hochschule für angewandte Kunst,Wien (College of Applied Art, Vienna)1987 Diploma at the RWTH AachenSince 1987 collaboration withthe office of Gerkan, Marg andPartners, Hamburg1994 Associated partner at the office ofGerkan, Marg and PartnersSince 1998 partner at the office of Gerkan,Marg and PartnersNIKOLAUS GOETZE: Within our planning activities inChina, the German School in Beijing undoubtedly standsout as an exception because our client was the FederalGerman Ministry for Construction. We were able to hire aGerman construction company and the Berlin constructionregulations applied. As a result, we had to observethe same regulations for fire protection and prevention asapplicable here in Germany. Inasmuch, this project – alsoin terms of preventive fire protection – did not turn out tobe such an “adventure” as other projects that we subsequentlyworked on in China.In general it can be said that the legislation governingconstruction is more bureaucratic in China than in Germany.On the other hand, the Chinese are more open fornew suggestions, especially when these come from areputable foreign architect’s office. For example, for theShenzhen Convention & Exhibition Center, currently underconstruction, fire lobbies of max. 5,000 sq. metres were infact stipulated. However, we deemed it practical to implementfire lobbies of some 30,000 sq. metres. That’s whywe explained to the Chinese authorities how we tacklethe subject of fire protection in Europe on similar projects,presented our concept to the Fire Service and at the endof this dialogue process, usual in China, our proposal forpreventive fire protection was accepted. We have the impressionthat not only the building owners are interestedin our “European know-how” but equally the buildingauthorities.PORTAL: Germany could perhaps be termed “the Meccaof Building Regulations”. By way of comparison, whatexperience have you been able to gain abroad with regardto fire protection?NIKOLAUS GOETZE: In Germany the building laws are relativelystrict, however, we do not see this as an obstacle.Because we adopt a consistently integrative planningapproach, we cooperate on every project as a team fromquite an early stage. This team includes engineering specialists,such as structural engineers engaged in staticalcalculations, acoustic engineers, green and light plannerswho assist us in finding good solutions for plausible concepts.What is interesting is that a country such as Vietnam,which – like China just a few years ago – is at thestart of a major construction boom, would like to adopt thehighly advanced German fire protection legislation oneto one. Presently being built there are major airports andhangars for entirely new aircraft generations, also trainstations and exhibition halls, the scale of which extendsbeyond the dimensions which can be regulated by theexisting laws on fire lobbies and smoke development. Weare on the spot in Hanoi on account of the planning of theNational Congress Centre there, providing, so to speak,development aid in our capacity as architects.Guangzhou Development Central BuildingInternational Exhibition and Congress Centre in Nanning27


TECHNOLOGYAn aluminium system coordinatedin appearanceAluminium doors of the T30 or T90 typeor requiring smoke-tightness normallyhave different profile thicknesses andwidths. This is not particularly beneficialwhen wanting to achieve a consistentarchitectural appearance.All HÖRMANN aluminium doors andwalls for all areas, whether T30/F30,T90/F90, with smoke-tightness or simpledoors without any special requirementsare all matching in appearance!The HÖRMANN solution:Concealed hingesfor fire doors;Up until now fire doors had to be heldwithin the frame with more or lesslarge, visible hinges.The HÖRMANN solution:The new, innovative construction ofthe HÖRMANN profiles for steel T30doors as well as steel and aluminiumsmoke-tight doors now makes it possibleto offer concealed hinges alsoon these doors. Thanks to the combinationwith the known integratedlocking system, the continuous profileis no longer interrupted by a surfacemountedstructural component.Smoke-tightnessEvery year roughly 600 people die asa result of fires to property. Of thisnumber approx. 80 percent do not succumbto the flames but suffocate dueto smoke inhalation. That’s why a firedoor should also always incorporate asmoke-tight function.The HÖRMANN solution:T30 and T90 tubular frame elementsoffer smoke-tightness as a standardfeature. On request, HÖRMANNsliding fire doors also offer comprehensivefire protection, namely acombination of fire protection andsmoke-tightness.28


Light and transparency;Daylight creates a healthy living andworking environment and helps to reducea building’s energy costs.The HÖRMANN solution:Thanks to their almost profile-freestructure, Hörmann fire protection elementsof the S-Line series together withthe HÖRMANN system wall guaranteea high degree of light transmission andcreate maximum transparency betweenthe individual utility units: for greatervisual contact and improved communicationin many different areas.Emergency and escaperoutes in old buildingsIn the course of renovating andrefurbishing older buildings, thefire protection concept must alsobe revised. In existing buildings wefrequently encounter openings whichcannot meet the required widthsfor emergency escape routes whennormal door constructions are used.greater passage widthThe HÖRMANN solution:HÖRMANN steel S-Line doors with fireprotection and smoke-tight functionsand aluminium smoke-tight doorswith corner and profile frames offerapprox. 100 mm more passage widthcompared with conventional profileconstructions.Sheet steel doors matchingin appearanceAs far as possible, also in the functionalareas of buildings, doors with differentfunctions, such as fire protection,thermal or sound insulation or in wetrooms and sanitary areas should becoordinated in appearance.The HÖRMANN solution:Thanks to the HÖRMANN systemframe all sheet steel doors are alwaysmatching in appearance. Glazings interms of their size and position canalso be matched. This applies to singleand double-leaf functional doors aswell as T30/T90 doors in sizes up to3000 x 3500 mm.29


CORPORATE NEWS1.1. NEW STANDARDSFOR EMERGENCYROUTESNothing to fear from Europe!The different reports on the EuropeanStandards for hardware in the areaof emergency and escape routeshave brought confusion to the market.In April 2003 the German Institutefor Construction Engineering (DIBt)incorporated the European StandardsEN 1125 and EN 179 into the ConstructionProducts Lists, Part B. As aresult, these products are approvedfor unimpeded trade and free usewithin Germany and Europe.In Germany, however, the standardas regards the use of these productsalong emergency and escape routesis regulated by the building code lawwithin the prototype building code,the the building regulations of the“land” as well as the annexed specialbuilding regulations. The presentrequirements do not demand any exclusiveuse of the products, governedby EN 179 or DIN EN 1125. Rather,these requirements can also be metby products based on previous regulations.Should doors be required that complywith the new standards, thenHörmann doors with all the mostfrequently required locking systemscome with the necessary approvalsand are available at short notice.DefinitionsEN 179 – Emergency exit locks withlever handle or push plate, for doorsalong escape routes:According to European StandardEN 179 an emergency exit lock is amechanism suitable for buildings inwhich, should a hazardous situationarise, most probably no panic wouldbreak out. Emergency exit locks mustguarantee safe and effective escapevia a door by means of a single grabhandle to release the escape doorlock. Previous knowledge of thefunctioning method of the lock maybe necessary in order to ensure thatthe door can be opened quickly. Thelock secures the closed door.Extracts from theEuropean StandardsEuropean StandardTitleOpening forceunder loadActuating elementCategory of useEN 1125Locks and buildinghardware – panic doorlocks with horizontal barhandle – requirementsand test methodsMaximum 220 N with apressure of 1,000 N onthe door (simulated panicsituation)Horizontal bar handle(grab bar handle orpressure bar handle)extending over at least60 % of the door widthHigh frequency of useEN 179Locks and buildinghardware – emergencyexit locks with leverhandles or push plate– requirements and testmethodsNo test under loadplannedLever handle or pushplate. In exceptionalcases: pull plateHigh frequency of useEuropean StandardCorrosion behaviourBurglar protectionActuating elementLabellingDeclaration of conformityEN 1125High resistance (96 hoursof salt spray fog)Staying closed up toforces of 1,000 NWidth: at least 60 % ofthe door width, protrusionof fitting: max. 150 mm orless (max. 100 mm)Number of EuropeanStandard andclassification of productTesting by anindependent instituteEN 179High resistance (96 hoursof salt spray fog)Staying closed up toforces between 1,000 and3,000 N (depending oncategory)Protrusion of fitting: max.150 mm or less (max.100 mm)Number of EuropeanStandard andclassification of productTesting by anindependent instituteReliability in continuousdutyFire resistanceHazard safety/Personalprotection100,000 or 2000,000 testcyclesSuitable for fire doorsor notThe product fulfils acrucial safety function100,000 or 200,000 testcyclesSuitable for fire doorsor notThe product fulfils acrucial safety functionRequired audit systemCE ID markInitial type test: periodicaudit test: half-yearly andannuallyApproved if standardharmonizedInitial type test: periodicaudit test: half-yearly andannuallyApproved if standardharmonized30


2.3.It comprises an arresting element(also several arresting elements),which engages in the arrestingcounterpiece in the surroundingdoor frame or floor. The arrestingelement is released by actuating thelever handle or by pushing the pushplate down or in the direction ofthe escape route. Note: emergencyexit locks are not suitable for panicdoors.EN-1125 panic fittings with horizontalbar for doors along escape routes:According to European StandardEN 1125 a panic lock is a mechanismsuitable for buildings in which,should a hazardous situation arise,panic would most probably break out.The objective is to achieve a safemeans of escape with minimum effortand without any prior knowledge ofthe escape door lock. Also by applyingpressure to the door (preload) itmust be possible to disengage panicdoor locks safely and reliably.The lock latches the closed door. Itcomprises an arresting element (alsoseveral arresting elements), whichengages in the arresting counterpiecein the surrounding door frameor floor. The arresting element isreleased by actuating the bar handle(horizontally positioned on the insideof the door) in the escape directionor in a downwards rotary motion. Therelease function must be assured atevery point along the effective lengthof the panic bar.2. EXTENDED FIREPROTECTION CENTREIN FREISENIn keeping with the continually growingimportance of the market segmentfor fire protection, on the premisesof the HÖRMANN factory in Freisen,Saarland, where also some of the fireprotection elements are manufactured,HÖRMANN has extended thealready existing test rooms to forma fire protection centre with exhibitionand seminar rooms. Here, takingplace in addition to the theoreticalinstruction is practical hands-ontraining using real elements. The areaof fire testing includes two fire ovensfor fire tests on doors and shuttersas well as on fixed assemblies andgarage/industrial doors. Fire testsare performed to DIN 4102 Part 5,DIN EN 1634-1 and other countryspecificstandards. For continuousfunction testing to DIN 4102 Part 18and the corresponding Europeanrequirements in respect of doors,closing devices, hinges and latchingcomponents, extensive test devicesare set up in addition. Here tests arecarried out to establish whether thefire doors and shutters really do fulfiltheir intended function. As a result,HÖRMANN is not only well equippedin the field of Development and thetraining of its personnel and customersbut at the same time sets an examplefor further development trendsin this important growth area.3. UPDATED SPECIFICA-TIONS PROGRAMVersion 1.3 of the HÖRMANN specificationprogram (only available forGermany) covers a host of up-to-dateinnovative new products from thesectors of fire protection and smokecontrol, industrial doors and operatorsas well as loading equipment.It extends the proven downloads oninternal and external doors includingframes, garage doors and industrialdoors and operators as well as fireand smoke-tight doors. A specialfeature is that the registered Germanusers are automatically informed bye-mail about updates. The softwareruns under Microsoft Word 97, Word2000 and Word XP on the operatingsystems Windows 98, NT 4.0, 2000and XP. It makes it easy to producespecification texts in the WORD andGAEB formats. The user-friendlyprogram guides the user quickly andprecisely to the HÖRMANN productssought and the corresponding texts.These can be altered or supplementedto meet individual requirementsso that an accurate as well as comprehensiveproject-related productdescription is ensured.31


4. 5.1 5.24. GARAGE AND INDUS-TRIAL SECTIONALDOORS ALREADYCOMPLY WITH THEEUROPEAN SAFETYSTANDARD EN 13241-1The coming-together of Europeancountries to form the European Unionopens up a gigantic market to thenumerous suppliers of the memberstates, making it necessary to issuenew sets of rules in order to guaranteethe comparability and safetyof the products being offered. In thesector of garage doors and industrialdoors, the new European StandardEN 13241-1, generally to be compliedwith as from 1st May 2005, regulatesthe safety and performance criteriaof the corresponding products. Conformitywith the requirements of theEuropean Standard is verified by atype test and the CE mark.Safety firstA high level of operational safetyshould always be the number onepriority when buying a garage door.That’s why the new European Standardregulates the measures necessaryto ensure the safety of bothgarage doors and industrial doors,e.g. through safeguards to preventthe door leaf from crashing to thefloor, comprehensive pinch and trapprotection as well as measures toexclude trip hazards on garage doorswith integral wicket doors.In order to provide comprehensiveanti-drop protection in compliancewith the latest standards, HÖRMANNdoors include the following safetyfeatures:– roller guidance in safety tracksthroughout the entire door movement– optimum weight counterbalancethanks to a torsion spring assemblywith grooved spring shaft– automatic safety device, patentedthroughout Europe, to lock the doorleaf in position in the event of cableor spring breakage and– spring safety device (also protectedby a European patent) whichin the event of spring breakage, automaticallyarrests the torsion springshaft and retains the door securely inits current positionand finally, limitation of the closingand opening forces on power-operateddoors provides reliable protectionagainst injuries on coming intocontact with the moving door.Hörmann tackles the subject of trapprotection threefold:– through the special shape of thedoor sections (European patent)– through side frames, fully enclosedfrom top to bottom, so there are nogaps to present potential trap zones– as well as internally guided carryingcables between the door leaf andframe to safeguard against injury.– A warning strip is provided ondoors with integral wicket door toalert the user to the potential triphazard.Additional performance criteriaDepending on the application, garagedoors and especially industrial doorsmay demand additional features, forexample– thermal insulation (in heated,refrigerated or air-conditioned buildings)provided by steel sectionsevenly filled with polyurethane rigidfoam and aluminium extrusions withthermal breaks– protection against noise (e.g. inproduction facilities and workshops)through door sections with a materialcomposite of steel - rigid foam - steelsandwich construction– a comprehensive sealing system,comprising lintel seal, intermediateseals between the door sections,lateral seals and bottom edge seal, tokeep out rain and dirt as well as– resistance to wind pressure (forexample in exposed locations incoastal and mountain regions) thanksto sandwich sections, aluminiumextrusions, special reinforcementprofiles and door leaf reinforcementson wider doors.The necessary level of compliancewith these requirements must becertified by an authorized inspectionbody. HÖRMANN publishes thecorresponding values in accordancewith the standards in its current doorbrochures, thereby enabling the plannerto make an informed choice interms of safety features and otherperformance criteria as to the righttype of door.32


5.3 5.4 5.5HÖRMANN GARAGESECTIONAL DOORS IN ANEW LOOKIn a world of industrially mass-producedgoods, the desire of manyconsumers for individual productsis growing ever stronger. This is especiallytrue of a private property inthe domestic sector which, despite acertain degree of uniformity imposedby all the various building regulations,should still allow the individualtouch to show through. Up until now,however, it was difficult to give housearchitecture its own personal stampwithout venturing into the realm ofspecials and incurring correspondinglyhigh costs as result. With itsnew sectional garage door versions,which are particularly suitable forhigh-end architecture, Hörmannnow offers planners the possibility ofachieving an individual style in thechoice of equipment, without havingto forgo the known benefits of moderndoor technology.5.1 New “Silkgrain” surface finishAs an interesting alternative to thewoodgrain-embossed surface texture,Hörmann has introduced thenew silky smooth “silkgrain” surfacefinish into the range which lends thedouble-skinned sectional garagedoors of the LPU/EPU 40 series in thewide panelled and ribbed versions anexceptionally elegant appearance.5.2 LPU 40 Design sectional garagedoorsIn the new Design-line sectionalgarage doors of the LPU 40 seriesHörmann combines the top quality ofmodern series products with an individuallylooking design, dominated bydecorative stainless steel embellishmentsand a choice of colours. Therange therefore opens up possibilitiesfor achieving individual facadeaesthetics, including side doors ina design echoing the appearanceof the garage door. Design garagedoors and side doors have the silkgrainfinish as a standard feature andare available in four design lines in achoice of eleven factory colours andin colours of the RAL colour chart.Decorative elements in brushedstainless steel, applied to the respectivegarage door or side doorsections range from a discreet bottomsection strip, through segmentalarches and vertically positioned, perforatedarched sections, to squaresapplied over the entire surface, someof which are frame-shaped with orwithout decorative “carré” inset inthe centre. The stainless steel embellishmentswhich can be positionedon the left or right of the doors tochoice, are repeated in the correspondingside doors.5.3 Design garage doors and entrancedoors in the partner lookWith its new TopComfort entrancedoors, matching in appearance thenew design garage doors,HÖRMANN has perfected the possibilitiesfor creating an individuallook in domestic properties, so thatan overall coordinated appearanceof these elements, which play a decisiverole in determining the look of aproperty, can now be achieved.5.4 New: the particularly attractivewide panelled doorHörmann’s LPU 40 garage doorsare now not only available with theknown classic panel sizes but alsoin a particularly attractive wide-panelledversion.5.5 LTH 40 Design garage doors - alsowith individually routed designsThe LTH 40 garage door series inNordic Pine or Hemlock also allowsindividual garage door and side doordesigns in the form of design doorswith decorative routing and decorativestone inlays set into segmentalcircles. These doors are suppliedpre-treated with a protective woodpreservative to protect the timberagainst insect and fungal attack. Sitefinishing of the timber is essentialto protect it against UV rays, at thesame time allowing the colour to bematched to the existing structuralsurroundings.Alongside standard decorative routings,with LTH 40 garage doors andside doors HÖRMANN also gives youthe option of using designs of yourown creation, thereby offering you afurther possibility to achieve a trulyindividual look.33


PREVIEWTopics in the next issue of PORTAL:BAU 2005 “A Munich Special“The next issue of PORTAL will be called “A MunichSpecial” - being a special issue to coincide with the BAUTrade Fair taking place from 17th to 22nd January 2005.Virtually as a supporting programme for those attendingthe fair we will be presenting current buildings in andaround Munich, alongside restaurants, bars and hotels,which deserve a special mention from an architecturalpoint of view.Photo: Hans Georg Esch34


PUBLISHERHörmann KGVerkaufsgesellschaftPostfach 126133792 Steinhagen / GermanyUpheider Weg 94–9833803 Steinhagen - GermanyPhone: ++49 (0) 5204 / 915-0Telefax: ++49 (0) 5204 / 915-277Internet: http://www.hoermann.comEDITORSCertified Engineer Ralf BiegertCertified Engineer Dietmar DannerCertified Engineer Kristina HajekGerman into English translation by:www.buero-garisch.de(D-32584 Löhne)PUBLISHING HOUSEGesellschaft für Knowhow-Transferin Architektur und Bauwesen mbHFasanenweg 18D-70771 Leinfelden-Echterdingen /GermanyPRINTERSKarl Weinbrenner & Söhne GmbH& Co. KG.Fasanenweg 1870771 Leinfelden-Echterdingen /GermanyThis journal and all the articlesand illustrations contained in itare protected by copyright. Thepublishing house and editors do notassume any responsibility forunsolicited photos andmanuscripts.Printed in Belgium.


As Individual as Your Clientele:Customized Fire Protection Elements.When it comes to fire and smoketightdoors each customer has his/herown specific requirements: steel oraluminium, robust or elegant, with orwithout glazing. And of course aconsistent design with doors matchingin appearance. HÖRMANN offersyou all this with Europe’s largestfire protection range. So that youcan pursue your own individual fireprotection concept.Doors for Home and Industry(Issue 09.04) 85 242 E/PPrint 05.05

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