PowerPoint ???? - Expert Group on Clean Fossil Energy


PowerPoint ???? - Expert Group on Clean Fossil Energy

Strategies for Restructuring Thermal PowerGeneration for Sustainable Development ofChina’s Power IndustryPresented atClean Fossil Energy Technical and Policy SeminarIncorporating10 th APEC Coal Flow Seminar and11 th APEC Clean Fossil Energy Technical SeminarDecember 9-12,2003Seoul, Korea

Strategies for Restructuring ThermalPower Generation for SustainableDevelopment of China’s s Power IndustryPrepared byMr. Jiang ZheshengSenior Engineer, Secretariat GeneralElectric Power Technology Market Association of ChinaCo-authored byMr. Zhao ZongrangSenior Engineer, Deputy DirectorProject Management Dept.Thermal Power Research InstitutePeople’s Republics of China

Strategies for Restructuring ThermalPower Generation for SustainableDevelopment of Power Industry in China• Current Status of China’s Electric Power Industry• Energy Production and Consumption in China• Projection of China’s Electric Power Development• Reform of China’s Electric Power Industry• Strategies for China’s Power Industry Development• Measures for Restructuring Electric PowerGeneration in China• Development Trends of China’s Electric PowerGeneration

Current Status of China’s Electric Power IndustryTotal Installed Generating Capacity from 1980 to 2002GW400300200100102GW217GW356GW319GW01980 1985 1987 1990 1995 2000 2002YearNewly installed generating capacity annually reached about 17 GW from 1987 to 2002Installed generating capacity totaled 356 GW in 2002, which is only close to 360 GW of USA’sGenerating Capacity in 1970. The capacity per capita is only 0.27 kW, which is less than onehalfof the average level in the world. Due to rapidly domestic economic development , morethan half of the provinces in China encountered power supply shortage in the summer of 2003

Current Status of China’s Electric Power IndustryTotal Electricity Generation from 1980 to 2002200015001654TWh1369TWhTWh10005000621TWh1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2002YearChina’s installed capacity and electricity generationrank second in the world

Current Status of China’s Electric Power IndustryComposition of China’s Generating Capacity in 20021.3%24%0.6%Total Capacity:356 GWThermal Power:266 GWHydro Power:86 GWNuclear Power:4.5 GWRenewable Power74%

Current Status of China’s Electric Power IndustryCoal Utilization for Power Generation• Currently, the average energy utilization efficiency inChina is 32%, which is 10 % (15 % for industrialboilers) lower than that of the industrialized countries• Thermal power generation accounts for 82% of thetotal of 1654 TWh in 2002• Net average coal consumption rate is around 340g/kWh for 300 MW units and 315 for 600 MW units• Net average coal consumption rate is as high as381 g/kWh, which is about 50 g/kWh higher than thatof industrialized countries. This is because thecombined capacity of all medium- and small-sizethermal power units is relatively quite large

Energy Production and Consumption in ChinaChina’s Total Energy Production in 20023.2%17.2%8.9%70.7%CoalOilNatural gasHydroChina’s total energyproduction was 1390Mtce in 2002

Energy Production and Consumption in ChinaChina’s Total Energy Consumption in 20022.7%23.4%7.8%66.1%CoalOilNatural gasHydroChina’s total energyconsumption was 1480Mtce in 2002Total energy importationwas around 100 Mt ofstandard coal in 2002,mainly for petroleum oil andproduct oil

Projection of China’s Electric Power DevelopmentTotal Installed Generating Capacitywithin the next 20 years1000900-950 GWGW800600430 GW580-600 GW400319 GW20002000 2005 2010 2020YearWithin the next 18 years, approximately 30 GW of new capacity will be installedannually in China, including the retrofitting and upgrading of some old plants

Projected Composition of China’s GeneratingCapacity in 2020 with comparison of that in 20000.3%0.7%7.5%0.1%4.2%4.8%1.0%1.6% Hydro24.8%27.1%Coal-firedOil-fired69.3%58.6%In 2000In 2020Gas-firedNuclearPowerRenewableIt is projected that the total installed capacity of coal-firedunits in China will be reduced by 10.7 percentage pointsfrom 69.3% in 2000 to 58.6% in 2020

Projection of China’s Electric Power DevelopmentCoal Utilization for Power Generation• China’s coal consumption and production account forapproximately 30% of the world’s total• Total coal production in China was 1390 Mt last year, 800 Mt ofwhich was used for power generation.• Total coal production will be 1500 Mt this year• Coal consumption for power generation is projected to be 1400Mt by 2020• By the end of 2020, the total installed coal-fired capacity willreach 560 GW, which means that 300 GW of new coal-firedcapacity will be added in the next 18 years.• Including upgrading and refurbishment of existing coal-firedpower plants, new coal-fired capacity additions will beapproximately 20 GW annually within the next 18 years

Reform of China’s Electric Power IndustryRestructuring of the Former SPCThe former State Power Corporation (SPC) of Chinawas restructured into11 corporations:‣ Two Power Networks• National Power Networks• Southern Power Networks of China‣ Five Power Generation ong>Groupong>s• China Huaneng Power ong>Groupong>• China Datang Power ong>Groupong>• China Huadian Power ong>Groupong>• China Guodian Power ong>Groupong>• China Power Investment ong>Groupong>‣ Four other corporations

Reform of China’s Electric Power IndustryElectric Power Market after Reform3%8%Total GeneratingCapacity: 356 GWFive Independent Powerong>Groupong>s: 161GW45%44%Local PowerCompanies: 160 GWFour OtherCorporations: 9.2 GWJoint Ventures: 27 GW

Strategies for China’s Electric PowerIndustry Development• Insist on sustainable and harmony development• Strengthen power network development• Significantly develop hydro power• Optimize coal-fired units development• Increase large capacity units gradually• Actively develop nuclear power• Properly develop natural gas-fired units• Accelerate development of renewable power• Refurbish and improve to technologies for energyutilization efficiency• Further reform of power systems

Measures for RestructuringChina’s s Electric Power Industry• Increase the proportion of hydro and nuclear powerunits as well as renewable power in order to reducethermal power generation• Increase natural gas-fired units in order to reducecoal-fired power generation• Develop large capacity and high efficiency coal-firedunits, as well as clean coal power generation units• Gradually shutdown small-capacity units andrefurbish medium-size units

Development Trends ofChina’s Electric Power GenerationDevelop Large Coal-fired Units• Newly installed units will be dominated by supercriticalcoal-fired 600 MW units, instead of 300 MW or smallerunits.• Around 100 units, each rated at 600 MW with steamparameters of 24.2 MPa, 566 ℃/566℃, have beenordered in 2003• Large ultra-supercritical coal-fired 1000 MW units arecurrently under R&D and 4 units each rated at 900 MWwith steam parameters of 25MPa,600℃/600℃ havebeen ordered in 2003• 10 units each rated at 600 MW with air-cooling systemhave been ordered this year for the Northernareas ,which are facing water shortages

Development Trends ofChina’s Electric Power GenerationDevelop Clean Coal Technology-CFBC• CFBC units have been rapidly developed in recentyears in China• China has the largest number of CFBC units in theworld; over 300 CFBC boilers (35t/h, 75t/h, 130t/h,and 220t/h)• More than 50 CFBC boilers rated at 100 MW and 135MW have been in operation and/or under construction

Development Trends ofChina’s Electric Power GenerationResearch on PFBC-CC• Experimental research work startedin 1980s• A 1.5 MW PFBC-CC testing unit wasbuilt by the end of 1990s• Based on the technical andeconomic analyses, PFBC-CC is lesscompetitive and will not be greatlydeveloped in the near future in China

Development Trends ofChina’s Electric Power GenerationDemonstration of CFBC Technology• A 100-MW CFBC demonstration project at Neijiang power plantin Sichuan Province has operated for several years• The largest 300-MW CFBC demonstration project at BaimaPlant in Sichuan Province:‣ Project approved by Chinese government in March 1999‣ Technology and equipment contract negotiation completedin August 2002‣ Main buildings started construction in May 2003‣ Total static investment: 1.55 billion RMB‣ A 1025-t/h CFBC boiler to be supplied by Alstom‣ Commercial operation in 2005

Development Trends ofChina’s Electric Power GenerationDevelop Clean Coal Technology----IGCC• IGCC is one of the promising clean coal technologiesfor power generation with higher efficiency and lowerpollutant emissions• A 400-MW IGCC demonstration plant with designefficiency of 43% (LHV) will be built at Yantai Plant inShandong Province• Current work is focused on R&D and technologypreparation• Compared to state-of-the-art supercritical coal-firedunits with de-NOx and de-SOx equipment, IGCC isless competitive from the point of technologydevelopment level and operational availability• Large-scale application of IGCC in China expected in10 years

Development Trends ofChina’s Electric Power GenerationSO 2 Control Technology for Coal-fired plants• A series of environmental protection regulations andstandards have been issued in recent years• SO 2 emissions from industrial coal combustion were19.95 Mt, accounting for 90% of China’s total SO 2emissions, of which 8.9 Mt are from coal-fired powerplants• Acid rain caused by SO 2 emissions have damaged30% of the total area in China• Based on SO 2 emissions level in 2000, the 10 th “Five-Year Plan” for national environmental protectionrequires that SO 2 emissions from power industry bereduced by 10% to 20% by 2005 and 20% for acidrain and SO 2 control areas

Development Trends ofChina’s Electric Power GenerationSO 2 Control Technology for Coal-fired plants• Approximately 100 billion RMB will be invested onSO 2 and acid rain control projects during the 10 th“Five-Year Plan in China• The total SO 2 emission fee was increased from 0.2RMB/kg to 0.63 RMB/kg, started from July 2003• Newly built and upgraded/refurbished coal-fired unitsmust be equipped with FGD system• Newly revised emission standards for thermal powerplants will be issued

Development Trends ofChina’s Electric Power GenerationPollution Control Technology for Coal-fired plants• High efficiency particulate removal systems will bedeveloped to reduce particulate emissions from 200mg/m 3 to 50 mg/ m 3• Different proven FGD systems have beendemonstrated, including wet-limestone process, seawater FGD, electron beam and CFB FGD processes• Application of low NOx combustion systems to meetthe new standards for NOx emissions:– 400 mg/m 3 for bituminous coal-fired boilers– 650 mg/m 3 for anthracite or lean coal-fired boilers– 200 mg/m 3 for some special areas (employ de-NOx plant)

Development Trends ofChina’s Electric Power GenerationGreatly Develop Hydro Power• 6 units each rated at 700 MW at the Three GorgeProject have been successfully put into commercialoperation this year• Pprojected hydro power generating capacity by 2020will amount to 260 GW, which will account for 27.1%of China’s total installed capacity and will account for68.8% of available hydro power• Approximately 30 GW of pumped-storage hydropower station will be built within next 20 years

Development Trends ofChina’s Electric Power GenerationActively Develop Nuclear Power• China’s electricity generation by nuclear power was only 1.5% of thetotal last year, which is much lower than that of the world averagelevel of 16-17%• Strategy for nuclear power changed from “properly development” to“accelerating development”• 8 nuclear power units with a total capacity of 6100 MW have beensuccessfully put into commercial operation• Another 3 nuclear power units with a total capacity of 2600 MW areunder construction• Projected nuclear generating capacity will reach 40 GW by 2020,which will account for 4.2% of China’s total capacity. Nuclear powergeneration will account for 6.1% of China’s total.• 120 Mt of coal, accounting for about 10% of total coal production inChina, will be replaced by nuclear power in 2020

Development Trends ofChina’s Electric Power GenerationProperly develop natural gas-firedand combined cycle unites• Development of natural gas-fired power plants will be an importantmeasure to adjust thermal power composition as well as toimprove environment and operation load flexibility• Current gas turbine generating units (mainly oil-fired) totals to 8000MW, accounting for about 2.2% of the total capacity• Natural gas sources will mainly come from the “Project of NaturalGas from West to East”, east costal and imported LNG inGuangdong and Fujian Provinces• Total Capacity of natural gas-fired units will reach 72 GW by 2020,which will account for 7.5% of China’s total capacity• Annual gas consumption will be 58 billion m 3 , accounting for 40%of China’s total gas consumption.• First 23 9F gas turbines with total capacity of 8000 MW for 10plants have been ordered this year• Another 20 gas turbines units are under procurements

Development Trends ofChina’s Electric Power GenerationDevelop Renewable Power• Projected renewable power capacity, mainly by windand some solar, will be 10 GW by 2020, which willonly account for 1% of China’s total installed capacity• Several 1000-MW wind power plants will be built inthe future• MOST of China has put forward a plan for solarenergy development with 10 billion RMB invested forsolar power generation capacity of 300 MW by 2005• Currently 668 solar power plants have been built inremote rural areas

Concluding Remarks• China’s primary energy resource is and willcontinue to be dominated by coal in theforeseeable future.• China’s electric power generation will continue tobe dominated by coal-fired power generationwithin the next 30 to 50 years.• Development and application of clean, highefficiency, large-capacity, coal-fired powergeneration technology is a long-term strategictask for China• Effective measures taken for restructuringChina’s electric power industry will greatlycontribute to sustainable power development.

Thank you very muchfor your attention

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