2010 - Monte L. Bean Life Science Museum - Brigham Young ...

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2010 - Monte L. Bean Life Science Museum - Brigham Young ...

Monte L. BeanLife SciencemuseumAnnual Report2010


Table of ContentsMission Statement ................................... 2Acquisition of Leaf BeetleCollection ................................... 18–19Introduction ............................. 4–5Dedication –Dr. Stanley L. Welsh .................. 6Historical Highlight –Steven L. Wood ........................ 7Accreditation .............................. 8New Exhibits ........................................ 8–10New Assistant CuratorDr. Riley Nelson ..................................19Education Programing .................... 10–12Western North AmericanNaturalist ........................................... 12–13Museum-Sponsored Special LecturesDr. Anne Yoder ................................... 13Rose-Lynn Fisher ................................. 14Dr. Shawn Clark .................................. 14Dr. Leigh Johnson ............................... 14Visitor ServicesMuseum Volunteers ......................... 19Museum Store .................................. 19Museum Staff Awards ........................... 20Museum Newsletter ............................ 21Financial Report .................................... 21Collections-Based ResearchCrustacean Collection ................ 15–16Impact of GlobalClimate Change on Lizards ....... 16–17Digitizing the Vascular PlantCollections ................................... 17–18Credits .................................................. 212010 Research Publications .......... 22–283


IntroductionIn the fall of 2010 we receivedword that the museum hadbeen reaccredited by theAmerican Association of Museums!The reaccreditation processhad taken almost four years ofconcentrated work by the museumstaff, requiring hundreds of hourseach year to complete all of thedocumentation required by theAAM Accreditation Council. Theprocess was demanding but theoutcomes have been impressive!The opportunity to document thecredibility of the museum in eachLarry St. Clair - Museum Directorof the critical performance areashas yielded a higher awareness of and sensitivity to the best museum practices andstandards. We are clearly a much better museum from top to bottom because ofthis experience. Congratulations to the staff in general and Katy Knight in particularfor her leadership and constant attention to this important task! The museum wasreaccredited for 15 years!In the fall of 2010 the museum sponsored a traveling exhibit consisting ofapproximately 60 scanning electron micrographs, which detailed the complexstructure and surface features of honeybees. The photos were framed by ClarkBrereton and set in a “honeycomb” maze designed by Randy Baker. The exhibit wasentitled “BEEyond” and the images were prepared by renowned artist Rose-LynnFisher. The event opened with lectures by Ms. Fisher and two of the museum’scuratorial staff: Shawn Clark and Leigh Johnson. Dr. Clark’s lecture discussed issuesrelated to the phenomenon of hive collapse, and Dr. Johnson’s lecture discussedthe dynamic relationships between honeybees and flowers.After more than 30 years, the museum staff decided to give the Bean MemorialRoom a major facelift! The Bean Room was one of the museum’s earliest exhibits.The original design used a variety of M.L. Bean’s trophy collections from Africa andprovided patrons with an opportunity to see a host of beautiful specimens with basicinformation about the biology and ecology of many of the specimens. Starting insummer 2010, the museum staff began the process of redoing the Bean Room. ClarkBrereton resurfaced the walls, and Randy Baker and his students started workingon a hand-painted, panoramic mural that will eventually fill the entire surface ofthe room’s outer walls. The focus will be on species interactions across the majorecological zones of Africa. Each display will be set against the backdrop of themural and will be mounted on a moveable frame. Collectively, the displays willblend together to tell a series of interesting natural history stories. Ken Packer and theexhibits team have been working with a new substrate for this exhibit—high-densityconstruction-grade Styrofoam—and the initial results have been impressive. The BeanRoom is scheduled to reopen in the summer of 2011!4


Historical HighlightStephen Lane Wood is gratefully remembered and honored. Beyond being a worldrenownedscholar and authority on beetles, he was a superb educator, and he wasextremely influential in the development of natural history collections at Brigham YoungUniversity and in the initial planning of the Monte L. Bean Life Science Museum.Born and raised near Logan, Utah, he didundergraduate and graduate work atUtah State University (B.S. 1946, M.S. 1948) andcompleted a Ph.D. degree at the University ofKansas (Ph.D. 1953). After working for several yearsas an entomologist with the Canada Departmentof Agriculture, he joined the faculty at BYU in 1956.He inspired many of his students to continueon to careers in entomology or otherbranches of biology. Several of his former studentslater returned to BYU and are now members ofthe faculty.His outstanding research focused on theidentification and classification of tree-killingand other bark-infesting beetles (families Scolytidaeand Platypodidae). He was the author of more than110 peer-reviewed scientific articles, including twomajor monographs, a world catalog treating allknown species, and a worldwide reclassification ofthe genera.Stephen L. WoodEmeritus Curator of Insects (1924-2009)He served at the university in many other ways. He served for many years ascurator of the insect collection early on, when it was housed in the historicBrimhall Building, and later after it moved to the newly constructed Bean LifeScience Museum. He was deeply involved with the production of the Great BasinNaturalist (now known as the Western North American Naturalist), serving as anassociate editor from 1956 to 1969 and as editor-in-chief from 1969 to 1989.During the 1960s and 1970s, he helped develop plans for three buildings importantto the biological sciences: the Widtsoe Building, the Martin Building, andespecially the Monte L. Bean Life Science Museum. Indeed, were it not for the tribunalefforts of university biologists Wilmer Tanner, Stanley Welsh, and Stephen Wood, theBean Museum would certainly have never been constructed. In recognition of Dr.Wood’s contributions to the museum, the museum’s massive collection of terrestrialinsects is named in his honor.Dr. Wood officially retired in 1989, but retirement did not disrupt his support ofthe museum and his contributions to entomological science. He continued tocurate specimens in the collection and to publish prolifically until shortly before hisdeath in 2009. Even now, his legacy lives on as museum personnel recall and try tofollow his work ethic, and as his numerous former students push forward with theirown research. He is gratefully remembered and deeply appreciated.7


Accreditation!In 2010 we spent a significant amount of time respondingto inquiries from both our on-site visitors and the AAMAccreditation Commission. Feedback from the on-site visitorsand the Accreditation Commission provided valuableinsights and recommendations for improvement of themuseum’s facilities and operational practices. We respondedto each area of concern with a description of essentialadjustments or a clearly defined plan for improvement. Afinal report was submitted to the Accreditation Commissionin August, and in November of 2010 we received final wordthat the museum had been reaccredited for 15 years! Accreditation by the AmericanAssociation of Museums is a singular honor. It demonstrates a high level of professionalcredibility documented by peer review and careful external scrutiny. Since only 10%of all U.S. museums are accredited, clearing this high bar documents not only theprofessional credibility of the Bean Life Science Museum but, even more importantly,the museum’s solid commitment to the highest standards of museum performance.New ExhibitsThe museum’s exhibit team was busy during 2010 either replacing or upgradingseveral of the museum’s exhibits. Over the last several years, the museum staffhas worked hard to create exhibits that either illustrate an interesting natural historystory or address an important conservation issue. This year’s exhibits included theNature Photography Show, a traveling exhibit highlighting more than 60 remarkablescanning electron microscope images of honeybees, an upgrade to the centeratrium exhibit, the addition of three new exhibits near the entrance to the museum’sexecutive offices, and the beginnings of a major renovation of the Bean MemorialRoom exhibit located in the southeast corner of the museum’s main level.The Nature Photography Competition and Exhibition this year was held for the firsttime in the Bean Room and Grassland Ecosystems area on the main level of themuseum. This arrangement provided a more intimate setting for patrons to view thephotos and lighting that proved to be much more accommodating. This location alsogave us the spacenecessary to displayall of the MuseumPurchase Awardphotos from 1993 to2009. There were 120photographers thisyear that entered291 photographs.The exhibit/awardcategories includedAnimal Wildlife, BirdWildlife, Nature, Manand Nature, andLandscape.8


Near the entrance to the museum’s executive offices, we installed three newexhibits. The first highlights the bark beetle infestation now at work in the pineforests of the western United States. This exhibit is based on information provided by theUSDA Forest Service as part of their effort to communicate with the public about oneof the most important challenges facing our federally managed western forestlands.The second exhibit highlights the hunting strategies of an interesting variety of NorthAmerican predators, including the wolf, coyote, cougar, bobcat, wolverine, and thesomewhat unusual fisher—a recent acquisition from one of the museum’s donors. Thethird exhibit features some of the interesting adaptations of the American Pronghorn.PredatorsAntelopeIn the summer of 2010, after more than 30 years, themuseum staff began the daunting task of a completeremodel of the Bean Memorial Room. This space, locatedin the northeast corner of the main level, was one of thefirst exhibits developed after the opening of the museumin 1978. The original focus was on a remarkable group oftrophy animals from Africa donated by M.L. Bean. Thetechnical features of the exhibit were dated and, in somecases, difficult to maintain. After careful considerationby the museum’s exhibit and education teams, it wasdetermined that we would tell a series of natural historystories set in the context of three major ecological zonesin Africa—thus the title “Into Africa.” By the end of theyear, Clark Brereton had resurfaced the walls of the roomand Randy Baker had made significant progress on an incredible floor-to-ceilingmural that will eventually occupy the entire peripheral surfaces of the space. KenPacker and Clark have been working on an exciting new modular approach to theforeground exhibits using high-density Styrofoam as a creative surface for blendingthe foreground displays together with the visual images portrayed in Randy’spanoramic mural. This new and exciting exhibit will be ready in summer 2011!In the fall, we upgraded the center atrium’s“Species Conservation” exhibit withseveral new specimens. We also securedan interesting traveling exhibit entitled“BEEyond,” which included a series ofextraordinary scanning electron images ofhoneybees prepared by the talented artistRose-Lynn Fisher. The exhibit was designedto give the patron the feeling of travelingthrough the inside of a beehive while closely9


examining bees in their “home” environment. This effect was accomplished byarranging the display walls into a series of interconnected hexagons similar tohoneycomb and the 7,000 hexagon-shaped lenses found in bees’ eyes. The imageswere divided into categories based on the different parts of the honeybee body.Along with the images, the exhibit incorporated a variety of other honeybee–relatededucational items, including a display of products made from honey, the use of thebeehive in art, a live bee display, and a DVD showing the life cycle of a bee colony.Also on display was a scanning electron microscope similar to the one used by Ms.Fisher to take the photographs in the display. The opening of the exhibit also featuredspecial lectures by Leigh Johnson and Shawn Clark. Dr. Johnson spoke aboutpollination ecology and Dr. Clark discussed the phenomenon of hive collapse.Approval For Purchase of UV Filters andLights Throughout the Museum In 2011! - In late 2009, the museumadministration submitted a request to the university for funds to upgrade themuseum’s lighting system to include UV filters for the fluorescent tubes and new LEDbulbs for the exhibit spotlights. Funding was approved in early 2010. These funds willallow the museum to specifically address one of the concerns expressed by our AAMon-site reaccreditation visitors: better control of UV light in the museum.Education ProgramingNature Experienceship Program - Thisyear, Matt Meese and Katy Knight wrote andproduced a short video about bird-watching andthe Nature Experienceship program at the museum.The video features Merrill Webb, who leads all ofthe museum’s bird-watching experienceships. Thevideo is accessible from the museum’s web site andYouTube channel. This year the museum sponsoredthe following nature experienceships:• February – Bald Eagles with Merrill Webb• March – Reptiles and Amphibians with Jack Sites• July – Birds with Merrill Webb• September – Birds with Merrill Webb• October – Quaking Aspens with Sam St. ClairDevelopment of a Museum “App” - In the fall of 2010, westarted developing an “app” for Apple iPads and iPhonedevices. The “app” uses a dichotomous key that enables patronsto identify species by answering a series of questions based ontheir personal observations. Our first key is for selected birds in thesynoptic collection located in the basement of the museum. Weplan to develop more keys and features to enhance the “app.”Katy Knight, museum education professional, also plans to usethis tool for her dissertation research project.10


Museum School Partnership - The partnership schooldistricts and the McKay School have once again agreedto renew their commitment to the museum with a donationof $24,000 to further develop and enhance the museum’seducation programing. This money is used to fund variouseducation projects directly supporting science-based learningin the partnership districts. These funds also cover the cost ofproducing the annual “Teacher’s Guide” which is mailed (andemailed) to every elementary school teacher and all secondaryscience teachers in the partnership districts.The Museum’s “Bio-Box” Program - 2010 markedthe first year that the “Adaptations” Bio-Box wasavailable to teachers. Word of mouth spread quickly,and the box was checked out 24 of the 36 weeks ofthe school year! Responses were all positive! Severalteachers suggested that a second “Adaptations” Bio-Box was needed. At the beginning of the summer of2010, the second Bio-Box, “Ecosystems,” came online.We are confident it will have the same kind of impacton our local in-service teaching colleagues as the“Adaptations” Bio-Box.Discovery Reading Program - During the summerof 2010, the education team produced five DiscoveryReading videos featuring stories about animals read by ElizaGarlick. Each episode has a different theme and is availableon the museum’s website and YouTube channel.Museum Web Site and YouTube Channel - In2010 the museum web site was upgraded to includeregistration and online requests for our education programs.Various educational videos were also incorporated for webstreaming and made accessible for viewing on the museum’sYouTube channel.11


12Education Programing Cont.Museum Internship ProgramThe museum internship program combined the effective useof inquiry teaching methods with the development of the“Ecosystems” Bio-Box. The Science Plus program is designedto help teachers learn how to effectively incorporate inquiryteaching methods in the classroom. During the summer of 2010for the first time, the museum internship program was offeredand three teachers participated. The course was taught inthe museum from 8:00 am to 12:00 pm daily for two weeks.In addition to instruction time at the museum, teachers werealso able to visit three additional museums to observe multipleMuseum Audio TourSc enceplusScience Inquiryfor Utah TeachersBrigham Young Universitymethods of inquiry teaching.Upon return to the Bean LifeScience Museum, the teachersblended the instruction, museumresources, and ideas theytook from the other museumsand developed some of theinquiry lessons that were laterincorporated in the “Ecosystems”Bio-Box.In 2010, the museum education team added 45 more audio tour stops to our cellphone and iPod tour, bringing the total to 87. Patrons can access this informationon their own cell phone or can check out an iPod from the museum store. The audiofiles are also accessible from our web site and can be downloaded and imported topatrons’ personal mp3 players.Western North AmericanNaturalistThe museum-sponsored natural history journal,Western North American Naturalist, continued inits 71st year of publication in 2010. We handled 104manuscript submissions and published 580 pages,including 48 feature articles, 20 notes, and six bookreviews. With the escalating use of digital media, ourgreatest emphasis is now on online distribution of thejournal. BioOne (biological science journal aggregator)reported 26,931 abstract downloads and 9019 full-articledownloads of WNAN material in 2010. Our revenue from BioOne now nearly equalsrevenue from print subscriptions. This year we negotiated a new licensing agreementwith EBSCO, which will begin generating revenue in 2011.


WNAN employed eight student interns in 2010. These students typically comewith training from the BYU English Editing progam, and they give invaluableassistance to all aspects of the journal’s workflow. With museum support, two WNANinterns—Shelsea Van Ornum and Toni Pilcher—attended the Council of ScienceEditors annual meeting in Atlanta, GA (May 2010). Shelsea presented originalresearch titled “A Corpus-Based Evaluation of Usage Advice from the CSE andChicago Style Manuals.” The structured abstract was published in the Science Editor(vol. 33, p. 112). Another notableaccomplishment of two WNANinterns—Emmaleigh Litchfield andShelsea Van Ornum—was thepublication of a historical sketchof WNAN in the April 2010 issue ofInsight (pp. 18–22), a publicationof the BYU Honors Program. Theseworks highlight the benefits ofWNAN’s ongoing relationshipswith other campus programs.Also this year, Mark Belk (editor-in-chief) solicited papers and began the reviewprocess for two forthcoming special issues: one on lake suckers (2011) and oneon black-footed ferrets (2012). Metrics from the past several years show relativelyhigh use of articles about species of management concern, and we expect thesespecial issues to generate great interest. In 2010, WNAN also started publishingSpanish translations of article abstracts to make the content more accessible to ourdiverse users, especially researchers in Mexico.Museum-SponsoredSpecial LecturesDr. Anne Yoder, Duke University - In spring of2010, Anne Yoder of Duke University was invited togive the museum’s Tanner Lecture. Dr. Yoder is director ofDuke University’s Lemur Research Center. Her lecture wasentitled “The Past, Present, and Future of Madagascar’sBiodiversity.” The lecture was based on her long-termresearch efforts with Madagascar’s endemic lemurpopulations. Dr. Yoder pointed out that Madagascar hasbeen called “the naturalist’s promised land” becauseof its unique and extraordinarily diverse flora and fauna.She also pointed out that it is the world’s 4th largest islandand is home to a magnificent array of animals and plantsincluding more than half of the world’s chameleons, sixof eight species of baobab trees, and all of the world’s lemurs. Dr. Yoder concludedher lecture with a discussion of some of the present-day human activities that arethreatening the biological diversity of this remarkable island.13


Special Lectures Cont.Rose-Lynn Fisher - In conjunction with the“BEEyond” exhibit and the fall Tanner Lecture, weinvited the California artist Rose-Lynn Fisher to introducethe exhibit with a special lecture. Ms. Fisher workswith photography and mixed-media and lives in LosAngeles. In her lecture she expressed her fascinationwith honeybees and her experience in using thescanning electron microscope to explore and illustratethe structural complexity and beauty of the honeybee.As one example, Fisher showed her SEM images of thehoneybee’s three pairs of segmented legs, revealingthe bee’s antennae cleaners, sharp-pointed claws,and “baskets” for carrying pollen to the hive. Fisher also pointed out that hervisual discoveries using the scanning electron microscope had expanded herthinking about the natural world and stimulated her imagination! She challengedthe audience to observe thenatural world more carefully withthe promise of a remarkableexperience with both theextraordinary beauty and utility ofliving things.Dr. Shawn Clark and Dr. Leigh Johnson -In addition to Ms. Fisher’s lecture, we also invitedtwo members of the museum’s curatorial staff to talkabout various aspects of honeybee biology. Dr. ShawnClark, collection manager for the museum’s insectcollection, discussed some of the interesting facts relatedto honeybees, emphasizing both the historical aspects ofhoneybee domestication and the recent phenomenonof hive collapse. He alsoexplored some of the currentthinking about the cause of thisimportant threat to honeybeesin general and particularly theDr. Leigh Johnson14Dr. Shawn Clarkhoneybee industry. Dr. Leigh Johnson, curator of the museum’svascular plant collection, then talked about the interestingcoevolutionary relationships between honeybees and flowers. Heillustrated his lecture with images of the various adaptations ofhoneybees and flowers which facilitate the process of pollination.Dr. Johnson also talked about the practical and economicallyinvaluable role of honeybees as pollinators of agricultural crops.


Collections-Based ResearchThe museum is home to nine incredibly valuable research collections, includingmore than 3,000,000 specimens with an insured value of more than $46,000,000.Each year we highlight several interesting aspects of the research collections. Thisyear we take a look at the Crustacean Collection, curated by Keith Crandall; arecent article published in Science by Jack Sites and his colleagues; Leigh Johnson’sproject to generate high-resolutiondigital images of the typespecimens in the vascular plantcollection; and Shawn Clark’srecent acquisition of a large andvery valuable collection of leafbeetles from Utah State University.In addition we welcome Dr. RileyNelson to the curatorial staff asassistant curator of insects.The Museum’sCrustacean CollectionDr. Keith A. Crandall, Curator of CrustaceansThe Crustacean Collection in the Monte L. Bean Life Science Museum focuseson freshwater crayfish from around the world and freshwater crabs from SouthAmerica. The BYU collection has one of the broadest collections (taxonomically andgeographically) of aeglid crabsand freshwater crayfish outsidethe US Natural History Museumat the Smithsonian Institution.These collections have beensupported by the museum and bynumerous grants from the NationalScience Foundation, the NationalGeographic Society, and variousstate agencies. In the last fewyears, two significant awards fromthe National Science Foundationand one from the UnitedStates–Israel Binational ScienceFoundation have provided funds to expand the museum’s crustacean collectionto include marine crustaceans with a focus on decapods (crabs, shrimps, lobsters)and barnacles. Our work has emphasized molecular systematics and taxonomicwork, with applications to conservation and biodiversity issues. Well over 100 articleshave been published based on these collections, including the description of tennew species (five crayfish and five aeglid crabs). The collection currently containsover 5,000 alcohol specimens and over 4,000 frozen tissue specimens for DNA work.15


Over 10,000 DNA sequences fromthis collection have been depositedinto the national sequencedatabase GenBank. We anticipateregular growth of this collectionfor some time to come, as thecollection is the foundation of muchactive research in crustaceanbiology involving undergraduate,graduate, postdoctoral, and facultyresearchers at BYU and beyond.impact of globalclimate change on lizardsDr. Jack W. Sites, Curator of Reptiles & AmphibiansIn 2010, Jack Sites, associate director and curator of reptiles and amphibians,published a paper with his colleagues in the prestigious scientific journal Science.This paper documents global declines in lizards on five continents, associated withwarming temperatures over the past two to three decades. The impetus for thisstudy came from work by Mexican ecologists carried out in central Mexico duringthe late 1990s and early in this decade. These scientists had noticed that at manylocalities sampled by Dr. Jack Sites in the late 1970s and the 1980s where “spiny”lizards (genus Sceloporus) hadpreviously been common,they were now rare or locallyextinct. The habitat remainedintact, leading ecologists tohypothesize possible causes forthese declines. Examination ofweather stations throughoutMexico revealed that localitiesexperiencing lizard decline hadalso experienced temperatureincreases, which was not thecase for the “no decline”localities. Follow-up field workby a Mexican Ph.D. student ona species of Sceloporus in the Yucatan Peninsula, with a focus on its thermal biology,provided a local mechanism that could account for these declines. When lizards firstemerge, they bask in the sun to increase their body temperatures to the point thatwill permit efficient foraging for food, and then they retreat when temperatures risebeyond their “comfort zones.” In areas of warming, lizards emerge to bask, but thedays get so hot so fast that they must truncate the time they spend foraging for food,and as a result, they do not obtain enough calories to produce offspring for the nextyear. The adult lizards do not die, but they fail to reproduce, and local populationsthen decline.16


This link between the local thermal biologyof lizards and their regional declines atmany localities in Mexico was so strong thatthe authors developed a predictive modelbased on this linkage, and then extrapolatedto other lizard groups in western Europe,Africa, Madagascar, Australia, and SouthAmerica to test for similar declines in thoseareas. The model was extremely accurate atpredicting where and when lizard declinesshould occur, and by projecting aheadunder current climate-change scenarios, theauthors predicted extinctions of many species of lizards on all of these continents bythe year 2080 if warming continues at current rates. Many of the authors of this paperare part of a multi-institutional research proposal that, if successful, would supportfollow-up work to further test predictions of the extinction model.Sinervo, B., F.M. de la Cruz, D.B. Miles, B. Heulin, E. Bastiaans, M. Villagran-SantaCruz, R. Lara-Resendiz, N. Martínez-Méndez, M.L. Calderon-Espinosa, R.N.Mesa-Lázaro, H. Gadsden, L.J. Avila, M. Morando, I.J. de la Riva, P. Victoriano-Sepulveda, C.F.D. Rocha, N. Ibargüengoytía, C.A. Puntriano, M. Masson, V. Lepetz,T.A. Oksanen, D.G. Chapple, A.M. Bauer, W.R. Branch, J. Clobert, and J.W. SitesJr. 2010. Erosion of lizard diversity by climate change and altered thermal niches.Science 328:894–899.Digitizing The Museum’sVascular Plant CollectionsDr. Leigh Johnson, Curator of Vascular PlantsThe S.L. Welsh Herbarium in the Bean Life ScienceMuseum has initiated an ambitious project ofacquiring high-resolution digital images of all of itsvascular plant specimens. With 600,000 specimensto photograph, digitizing the collection will takesome time, but the herbarium is off to a good startafter imaging the Type Collection, groups of plantsuseful in teaching BYU courses, and various otherspecimens requested by outside users. Curator LeighJohnson explains, “Physical specimens will alwayshold primary value in the herbarium because theycan be examined in detail, microscopically, andin some cases, used for DNA or chemical basedanalyses. Images can’t serve those needs, but theyhave their own value.” For example, images helppreserve physical specimens by decreasing, insome cases, the need to look at physical specimens17


directly or the need to send physical specimensthrough the mail as loans to researchers at otherinstitutions. Indeed, the herbarium has filled over tenloan requests during the past three years solely withdigital images rather than shipping plant specimens.The herbarium is working with the university library tomake the images accessible over the internet, whichwill eventually make the entire collection accessibleto the public. A pilot project with about 850 imageshas been set up to develop a workflow with the library(http://lib.byu.edu/sites/scholarsarchive/life-sciences/s-l-welsh-herbarium-bry/). At present, the herbariumis using a scanning back attached to a large formatcamera that captures beautiful 300-dpi images(large enough to see the specimen on a computermonitor at about six times life size). The scanner,however, is slow, so the herbarium has submitted agrant to obtain a medium format camera that willcapture 420-dpi images. Not only will the images be larger, but the student curatorialassistants will be able to capture five to seven times the number of images per hourcompared to the current scanner-based system. For 600,000 specimens, the extraspeed will make this ambitiousproject less daunting, and willhelp achieve the herbarium’sgoal of complete digitization overthe next decade.Acquisition of leaf beetlecollectionDr. Shawn Clark, Curator of InsectsUtah is home to two important insect collections, oneat BYU’s Bean Life Science Museum, and the otherat Utah State University (USU) in Logan. The collectionsdo not compete but rather complement each other.The USU collection is very strong in wasps, ants, and bees(Hymenoptera), and in flies (Diptera). One USU researcher,James Pitts, is very active in the study of velvet ants(Mutillidae) and spider wasps (Pomplidae). In contrast, theBean Museum collection is exceptionally strong in beetles(Coleoptera) and various aquatic groups (Plecoptera,Trichoptera, etc.). Shawn Clark, at BYU, is an expert in the18


study of leaf beetles (Chrysomelidae). In the spirit of cooperation, the two institutionsrecently arranged for an important specimen exchange. The Bean Life ScienceMuseum donated approximately 1,000 specimens of velvet ants and spider waspsto USU, which in return donated approximately 21,000 specimens of leaf beetles(appraised at nearly $70,000) to the Bean Life Science Museum. Although thistransaction may seem lopsided, it is truly a huge benefit to both collections. Valuablespecimens are now in the hands of people who most appreciate them. Thesespecimens are now much more likely to be studied and to contribute to our scientificunderstanding of these important insect groups.New Assistant CuratorDr. Riley Nelson, Assistant Curator of InsectsIn 2010 Dr. Riley Nelson, Professor of Biology, wasappointed as assistant curator of insects. Dr. Nelson hasan exceptionally broad interest in entomology, as well asin many other branches of natural history. His familiarityand enthusiasm for nearly all aspects of nature are largelyresponsible for his outstanding success in mentoring andteaching students. His research interests focus on twovery different groups, the stoneflies (Plecoptera) and therobber flies (Diptera, Asilidae). His publications are largelytaxonomic but also involve aspects of ecology andbiogeography. We are delighted to have Riley as a partof the museum team!Visitor ServicesMuseum Volunteers - In2010, the museum was therecipient of over 4,100 volunteerhours. More than 3,200 volunteerhours were contributed in theinsect collection alone. Volunteersplay a critical role in the museum.We are deeply appreciative oftheir dedicated service.Dr. Riley NelsonAssistant Curator of InsectsMuseum Store - During 2010, the museum store employed five studentsthroughout the school year. We are blessed to have a dedicated andprofessional staff. Once again, store revenues covered the wages for our studentemployees. The museum store experience gives our student employees a uniqueopportunity to engage effectively with museum patrons while helping to implementthe store’s basic merchandising plan.19


Museum Staff Awards for 2010The museum benefits from the impressive technical skills of our staff members—bothfull-time team members and students—all of whom are very dedicated to themission of the museum and our patrons. Each year we solicit award nominations sowe can recognize a few of our employees for their contributions. Awards are givenin three categories: Curators/Collection Managers (1 award), Staff/Administrative (2awards: full-time and part-time, nonstudent), and Student Employees (3 awards). Weare pleased to announce those who received awards in 2010:Dr. Leigh JohnsonCurator Service AwardRandy BakerStaff Service AwardMatt MeesePart time Non-student AwardEliza GarlickStudent AwardHannah MattsonStudent AwardShelsea Van OrnumStudent Award20


Museum NewsletterTwo issues of the Museum Newsletter (spring and fall)were published in 2010. The four-page newsletteris mailed to over 5,000 people and emailed to anadditional 1,500 people. The Museum Newsletterhelps the museum staff keep our patrons informed ofupcoming events, exhibits, and other museum-relatednews. We also post all of the newsletters on the museumweb site (mlbean.byu.edu).Financial ReportThe weak economy in 2010 translated into some challenging opportunitiesfor funding the museum’s various programs. We depend heavily on earningsfrom our more than 29 endowments to meet many of the day-to-day needs ofthe museum, including funding of our education programs, exhibit maintenance,student mentoring, new exhibit development, and curatorial support for theresearch collections. Fortunately, we also receive generous financial support fromthe university. Counting the generous support of the university and our endowmentearnings, the museum’s 2010operational budget totaledapproximately $1.5 million. Inaddition, our collection managersand curators were able to securesignificant external funding tohelp with the care and upkeep ofthe museum’s extensive researchcollections.CreditsDr. Anne Yoder, Director ofthe Duke University’s LemurCenter, will present thisyear’s spring John TannerLecture. Dr. Yoder’s Lecture,“The Past, Present, and Futureof Madagascar’s Biodiversity”will be held in the Museum’sAuditorium on Thursday,March 25th at 7:00pm.Madagascar has been called“the naturalist’s promisedland” due to its unique andextraordinarily diverse floraand fauna. It is the world’s4th largest island, although itcomprises less thanChildren’s Room RemodelIf you have visited the museum other educational programs;lately, you may have noticed as well as shelving to betterthat the Children’s Room has display some of the educationbeen closed. Recently the Children’sRoom has undergone a is the completion of the muralcollection. The biggest newsspecial remodel which will enablethe Education department Room. Randy Baker the mu-on the wall in the Children’sof the museum to better serve seum Graphic Designer recentlycompleted the handthe children and meet the educationprogramming goals.painted mural. It includesmore than 25 animal, plant,New additions to the room and insect images and coversinclude a large white board for the entire south wall. Watchuse by Discovery Reading and for the Children’s Room tore-open soon!See what’s inside:Education News Page 22010 Photo Competition & Exhibit Page 2Museum News Page 2Unique Nativity Display Page 3WNAN turns 70! Page 3Director’s Corner Page 3Shasta, the Liger Page 44th largest island, although itcomprises less than .04% ofearth’s land surface area. Despiteits small footprint, it ishome to a magnificent array ofanimal and plants, includingmore than half of the world’schameleons, six of eight speciesof baobab trees, and all ofthe world’s lemurs.Dr. Yoder’s lecture will summarizesome of the present-dayhuman activities that threatento destroy this biological treasuretrove. The lecture is free tothe public. mlbean.byu.eduGame Show Date Night!Saturday, March 13, 20107:00 pm to 9:00 pmBring your date and enjoy a fundinner and activity in the Museum!See Page 2 for informationAgain, I want to thank Randy Baker for another great job in designing this latestannual report. He is consistently creative and skillful in his presentation of thisimportant document. I also want to thank the other members of the museum stafffor their conscientious efforts on behalf of the museum. The folks at the AmericanAssociation of Museums are always amazed at how much so few are able to getdone here in the museum! Also many thanks to the ad hoc reaccreditation team,Katy Knight, Patty Jones, Ken Packer, and Jack Sites. Over four long years, thisremarkable group was able to clearly and effectively document that the BeanLife Science Museum is once again worthy of the museum community’s highestrecognition – accreditation by the American Association of Museums! Finally, a veryspecial thanks to Janene Auger and the Western North American Naturalist team forediting the narrative portion of the 2010 annual report. They do a wonderful job!BRIGHAM YOUNG UNIVERSITYVolume 4 Issue 1Winter 2010Museum NewsletterAnne Yoder to Present Spring Tanner LectureDr. Anne Yoder, with a lemurRandy Baker completes the muralin the Children’s Room21


M.L. Bean Life Science Museum2010 Research PublicationsIan T. Baldwin, Faculty Research AffiliateAllmann, S., and I.T. Baldwin. 2010. Insects betraythemselves in nature to predators by rapid isomerizationof green leaf volatiles. Science 329:1075–1078.Anssour, S., and I.T. Baldwin. 2010. Variation in anti herbivoredefense responses in synthetic Nicotiana allopolyploidscorrelates with changes in uniparental patterns of geneexpression. Plant Physiology 153:1907–1918.Bezzi, S., D. Kessler, C. Diezel, A. Muck, S. Anssour, andI.T. Baldwin. 2010. Silencing NaTPI expression increases nectar germin, nectarins andhydrogen peroxide levels and inhibits nectar removal from plants in nature. PlantPhysiology 152:2232–2242.Hartl, M., A. Giri, H. Kaur, and I.T. Baldwin. 2010. Serine protease inhibitors specificallydefend Solanum nigrum against generalist herbivores but do not influence plantgrowth and development. Plant Cell 22:4158–4175. http://dx.doi.org/10.1105/tpc.109.073395Heiling, S., M. Schuman, M. Schöttner, P. Mukerjee, B. Berger, B. Schneider, A. Jassbi,and I.T Baldwin. 2010. Jasmonate and ppHsystemin regulate key malonylation stepsin the biosynthesis of 17-hydroxygeranyllinalool diterpene glycosides, an abundantand effective direct defense against herbivores in Nicotiana attenuata. Plant Cell22:273–292.Kessler, D., C. Diezel, and I.T. Baldwin. 2010. Changing pollinators as a means ofescaping herbivores. Current Biology 20:237–242.Richard W. BaumannBaumann, R.W., and B.C. Kondratieff. 2010. Malenka murvoshi, a new species ofstonefly from the Spring Mountains of southern Nevada (Plecoptera: Nemouridae).Illiesia 6:113–117.Kondratieff, B.C., J.J. Lee, and R.W. Baumann. 2010. Stonefly (Plecoptera) collectingat Sagehen Creek Field Station, Nevada County, California, during the Ninth NorthAmerican Plecoptera Symposium. Perla 28:11–14.Lee, J.J., and R.W. Baumann. 2010. Studies on Sweltsa townesi and a new species,Sweltsa salix, from northern California (Plecoptera: Chloroperlidae). Illiesia 6:34–40.Baumann, R.W., and B.P. Stark. 2010. Studies on the Plecoptera of the Kootenay Lakedrainage: a revisitation of the stoneflies from the Purcell Range, British Columbia,Canada. Illiesia 6:292–302.Baumann, R.W., and B.C. Kondratieff. 2010. The stonefly genus Lednia in NorthAmerica (Plecoptera: Nemouridae). Illiesia 6:315–327.22


Shawn M. ClarkClark, S.M., and L.A. Belo Neto. 2010. A remarkable teratological specimen ofPseudoluperus longulus (LeConte) (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) from Utah, U.S.A.Coleopterists Bulletin 64:383–385.Keith A. CrandallSchubart, C.D., T. Weil, J.T. Stenderup, K.A. Crandall, and T. Santl. 2010. Ongoingphenotypic and genotypic diversification in adaptively radiated freshwater crabsfrom Jamaica. Pages 323–349 in M. Glaubrecht, editor, Evolution in Action. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.Gherardi, F., C. Souty-Grosset, G. Vogt, J. Diéguez-Uribeondo, and K.A. Crandall.2010. Infraorder Astacidea Latreille, 1802 P.P.: The Freshwater Crayfish. Crustacea 9A(67):269–423.Bracken, H.D., S. DeGrave, A. Toon, D.L. Felder, and K.A. Crandall. 2010. Phylogeneticposition, systematic status, and divergence time of the Procarididea (Crustacea:Decapoda). Zoologica Scripta 39(2):198–212. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1463-6409.2009.00410.xHickerson, M.J., B.C. Carstens, J. Cavender-Bares, K.A. Crandall, C.H. Graham, J.B.Johnson, L. Rissler, P.F. Victoriano, and A.D. Yoder. 2010. Phylogeography’s past,present, and future: 10 years after Avise 2000. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution54:291–301.Sinclair, E.A., J.B. Pramuk, R.L. Bezy, K.A. Crandall, and J.W. Sites Jr. 2010. DNAevidence for nonhybrid origins of parthenogenesis in natural populations ofvertebrates. Evolution 64:1346–1357.Bond-Buckup, G., C.G. Jara, L. Buckup, A.A.P. Bueno, M. Pérez-Losada, and K.A.Crandall. 2010. Description of a new species of Aeglidae, and new records of relatedspecies from river basins in Argentina (Crustacea, Anomura).Zootaxa 2343:18–30.Hendry, A.P., L.G. Lohmann, J. Cracraft, S. Tillier, C. Haeuser,D.P. Faith, S. Magallon, E. Conti, R. Zardoya, K. Kogure, A.Prieur-Richard, K.A. Crandall, C.A. Joly, C. Moritz, T. Yahara,and M.J. Donoghue. 2010. Evolutionary biology in biodiversityscience, conservation, and policy: a call to action. Evolution64:1517–1528.Bond-Buckup, G., C.G. Jara, L. Buckup, M. Pérez-Losada,A.A.P. Bueno, K.A. Crandall, and S. Santos. 2010. Newspecies and new records of endemic freshwater crabs fromthe Atlantic forest in southern Brazil (Crustacea, Anomura,Aeglidae). Journal of Crustacean Biology 30:495–502.Santos, S., G. Bond-Buckup, M. Pérez-Losada, C.G. Jara, K.A. Crandall, andL. Buckup. 2010. New records and description of a new species of Aeglidae(Crustacea, Anomura) from river basins in Southern Brazil. Nauplius 18:79–86.23


Toon, A., M. Pérez-Losada, C. Schweitzer, R. Feldmann, M. Carlson, and K.A. Crandall.2010. Gondwanan radiation of the southern hemisphere crayfish (Decapoda:Parastacidae): Evidence from fossils and molecules. Journal of Biogeography37:2275–2290.McLaughlin, P.A., C.B. Boyko, K.A. Crandall, T. Komai, R. Lemaitre, M. Osawa, and D.L.Rahayu. 2010. Annotated checklist of anomuran decapod crustaceans of the world(exclusive of the Kiwaoidea and families Chirostylidae and Galatheidae of theGa latheoidea) – Preamble and scope. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, Supplement No.23:1–4.McLaughlin, P.A., R. Lemaitre, and K.A. Crandall. 2010. Annotated checklist ofanomuran decapod crustaceans of the world (exclusive of the Kiwaoidea andfamilies Chirostylidae and Galatheidae of the Galatheoidea) Part III – Aegloidea.Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, Supplement No. 23:131–137.Michael W. HastriterHastriter, M.W., and S.E. Bush. 2010. Notes and new records of fleas (Insecta:Siphonaptera) from birds and mammals collected in southern China. Proceedings ofthe Entomological Society of Washington 112(2):214–228.Richard A. HeckmannAmin, O.M., R.A. Heckmann, A. Halajian, and A. Eslami. 2010 Redescription ofSphaerirostros picae from magpie, Pica pica, in northern Iran, with special referenceto unusual receptacle structures and notes on histopathology. Journal of Parasitology96:561–568.Heckmann, R.A., and Y. Qui. 2010. Recently described species of Protozoa infestingthe gills of mottled sculpin, Cottus bairdi, in the Provo River, Utah, USA, with incidencedata and current references. Proceedings of Parasitology 49:1–25.Feng, J.M., and R.A. Heckmann. 2010. Apiosoma and Thecamoeba two species ofprotozoa infesting mottled sculptin (Cottus bairdi), a fine structure study. Proceedingsof Parasitology 49:95–111.Heckmann, R.A., M.C. Oguz, O.M. Amin, S. Dusen, Y. Tepe,and B. Aslan. 2010. Host and geographical distributionof Pomphorhynchus spindletruncatus (Acanthocephala:Pomphorhyncidea) in Turkey, with enhanced descriptionof new fish and amphibian hosts using SEM, andhistopathological notes. Sciencia Parasitologica 11:129–139.Amin, O.M., R.A. Heckmann, C. Peña, and T. Castro.2010. On the larval stages of Polymorphous spindlatus(Acanthocephala: Polymorphidae) from a new fish host,Oreochromis niloticus, in Peru. Neotropical Helminthology(APHIA) 4:81–85.Heckmann, R.A. 2010. Biological and chemical control of the eye fluke of fish,Diplostomum spathaceum and other parasitic helminthes: efficacy of Praziquantel(PZQ) and Microsporidans. Proceedings of Parasitology. 50:1–25.24


Heckmann, R.A., A.E. Naggar, N.A.E. Radwan, and M.D. Standing. 2010. Fine structureand chemical analysis of Neoechinorhynchus idahoensis (Acanthocephala,Neoechinorhynchidae) in the bridgelip sucker, Catostomus columbianus.Proceedings of Parasitology 50:63–71.Jerry B. JohnsonZúñiga-Vega, J.J., C. Macías-Garcia, and J.B. Johnson.2010. Hypotheses to explain the evolution of superfetationin viviparous fishes. Pages 13–30 in M.C. Uribe and H.J. Grier,editors, Viviparious Fishes. Vol. 2. New Life Press, Monroe, WI.Scott, L.E., and J.B. Johnson. 2010. Does sympatry predictlife history and morphological diversification in the Mexicanlivebearing fish Poeciliopsis baenschi? Biological Journal of theLinnean Society 100:608–618.Zamora-Abrego, J.G., Y.C. Chang, J.J. Zúñiga-Vega, A.Nieto-Montes De Oca, and J.B. Johnson. 2010. Demographyof a knob-scaled lizard in northeastern Querétaro, México.Herpetologica 66:39–51.Hammer, M.P., P.J. Unmack, M. Adams, J.B. Johnson, and K.F. Walker. 2010. Geneticconservation units in the Yarra pygmy perch Nannoperca obscura (Teleostei:Percichthyidae): the significance of phylogeographic structure for decliningpopulations in southeastern Australia. Conservation Genetics 11:213–223.Hickerson, M.J., B.C. Carstens, J. Cavender-Bares, K.A. Crandall, C.H. Graham, J.B.Johnson, L. Rissler, P.F. Victoriano, and A.D. Yoder. 2010. Phylogeography’s past,present, and future: 10 years after Avise 2000. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution54:291–301.Leigh A. JohnsonJohnson, L.A., and H. Cairns-Heath. 2010. Decrypting cryptic species: morphologicaland molecular evidence for recognizing Navarretia linearifolia as distinct from N.sinistra. (Polemoniaceae). Systematic Botany 35:618–628.Cosacov, A., A.N. Sérsic, V. Sosa, L.A. Johnson, and A.A. Cocucci. 2010. Multipleperiglacial refugia in the Patagonia steppe and post-glacial colonization of theAndes: the phylogeography of Calceolaria polyrhiza. Journal of Biogeography37:1463–1477.Porter, J.M., L.A. Johnson, and D. Wilken. 2010. Phylogenetic systematics of Ipomopsis(Polemoniaceae): relationships and divergence times estimated from chloroplastand nuclear DNA sequences. Systematic Botany 35:181–200.Randy T. LarsenLee, J.E., R.T. Larsen, J.T. Flinders, and D.L. Eggett. 2010. Daily and seasonal patterns ofactivity at pygmy rabbit burrows in Utah. Western North American Naturalist 70:189–197.25


Larsen, R.T., J.A. Bissonette, J.T. Flinders, M.B. Hooten, and T.L. Wilson. 2010. Summerspatial patterning of chukars in relation to free water in western Utah. LandscapeEcology 25:134–145.C. Riley NelsonJudson, S.W., and C.R. Nelson. 2010. Diversity, phenology,and elevational distribution of Ephemeroptera, Plecoptera,and Trichoptera in American Fork Canyon, Utah. WesternNorth American Naturalist 70:526–540.Duke S. RogersMilazzo, M.L., A. Barragan-Gomez, J.D. Hanson, J.G. Estrada-Franco, E. Arellano, F.X. González-Cózatl, I. Fernandez-Salas, F. Rameriz-Aguilar, D.S. Rogers, R.D. Bradley, and C.F.Fulhorst. 2010. Antibodies to Tacaribe serocomplex viruses (family Arenaviridae, genusArenavirus) in cricetid rodents from New Mexico, Texas, and Mexico. Vector-Borneand Zoonotic Diseases 10:629–637.Rogers, D.S., and M.W. González. 2010. Phylogenetic relationships of spiny pocketmice (genus Heteromys) inferred from mitochondrial and nuclear sequence data:implications for species boundaries. Journal of Mammalogy 91:914–930.Coyner, B.S., T.E. Lee Jr., D.S. Rogers, and R.A. Van Den Bussche. 2010. Taxonomicstatus and species limits of Perognathus (Rodentia: Heteromyidae) in the southernGreat Plains. Southwestern Naturalist 55:1–10.Larry L. St. ClairSt. Clair, L.L., S.D. Leavitt, G. Shrestha, C.C. Newberry, and L. Leavitt. 2010. Andersonand Shushan: Lichens of western North America fascicle VI. Brigham Young UniversityPress, Provo, UT. 7 pp.Dennis K. ShiozawaKreitzer, J.D., M.C. Belk, D.B. Gonzalez, R.C. Tuckfield, D.K. Shiozawa, J.E. Rasmussen.2010. Ontogenetic diet shift in the June sucker Chasmistes liorus (Cypriniformes,Catostomidae) in the early juvenile stage. Ecology of Freshwater Fish 19:433–438.Stutz, H.L., D.K. Shiozawa, and R.P. Evans. 2010. Inferring dispersal of aquaticinvertebrates from genetic variation: a comparative study of an amphipod andmayfly in Great Basin Springs. Journal of the North American Benthological Society29:1132–1147.Billman, E.J., J.B. Lee, D.O. Young, M.D. McKell, R.P. Evans, and D.K. Shiozawa. 2010.Phylogenetic divergence in a desert fish: differentiation of speckled dace withinthe Bonneville, Lahontan, and Upper Snake River basins. Western North AmericanNaturalist 70:39–47.26


Houston, D.D., D.K. Shiozawa, and B.R. Riddle. 2010. Phylogenetic relationships ofthe western North American cyprinid genus Richardsonius, with an overview ofphylogeographic structure. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 55:259–273.Houston, D.D., T.H. Ogden, M.F. Whiting, and D.K. Shiozawa. 2010. Polyphyly of thePikeminnows (Teleostei: Cyprinidae) inferred using mitochondrial DNA sequences.Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 139:303–315.Jack W. Sites Jr.Noonan, B.P., and J.W. Sites Jr. 2010. Tracing the origins of iguanid lizards and boinesnakes of the Pacific. American Naturalist 175:61–72.Avila, L.J., C.H.F. Perez, M. Morando, and J.W. Sites Jr. 2010. A new species ofLiolaemus (Reptilia: Squamata) from southwestern Rio Negro Province, northernPatagonia, Argentina. Zootaxa 2434:47–59.Sinervo, B., F.M. de la Cruz, D.B. Miles, B. Heulin, E. Bastiaans, M. Villagran-Santa Cruz,R. Lara-Resendiz, N. Martínez-Méndez, M.L. Calderon-Espinosa, R.N. Mesa-Lázaro, H.Gadsden, L.J. Avila, M. Morando, I.J. de la Riva, P. Victoriano-Sepulveda, C.F.D.Rocha, N. Ibargüengoytía, C.A. Puntriano, M. Masson, V. Lepetz, T.A. Oksanen, D.G.Chapple, A.M. Bauer, W.R. Branch, J. Clobert, and J.W. Sites Jr. 2010. Erosion of globallizard biodiversity, climate change, and shrinking thermal niches. Science 328:894–899.Sinclair, E.A., J.B. Pramuk, R.L. Bezy, K.A. Crandall,and J.W. Sites Jr. 2010. DNA evidence for nonhybridorigins of parthenogenesis in natural populations ofvertebrates. Evolution 64:1346–1357.Camargo, A., B. Sinervo, and J.W. Sites Jr. 2010. Lizardsas model organisms for linking phylogeographic andspeciation studies. Molecular Ecology 19:3250–3270.Wiens, J.J., C.A. Kuczynski, T. Townsend, T.W. Reeder,D. Mulcahy, and J.W. Sites Jr. 2010. Combiningphylogenomics and fossils in higher-level squamatephylogeny: molecular data change the placement offossil taxa. Systematic Biology 59:674–688.Avila, L.J., M. Morando, D.R. Perez, and J.W. Sites Jr. 2010. A new species of theLiolaemus elongatus group (Squamata: Iguania: Liolaemini) from Cordillera delVeinto, northwestern Patagonia, Neuquén, Argentina. Zootaxa 2667:28–42.Stanley L. WelshZhu, X., S.L. Welsh, and H. Ohashi. 2010. Oxytropis candolle. Pages 453–500 in W.Zhengyi and P. Raven, editors, Fabaceae, Flora of China 10:1–643.Welsh, S.L., and M. Licher. 2010. Pediomelum Rydberg (Leguminosae) in Arizona andtwo previously undescribed species. Western North American Naturalist 70:9–18.27


Michael F. WhitingBeutel, R.G., F. Friedrich, T. Hörnschemeyer, H. Pohl, F. Hünefeld, F. Beckmann, R.Meier, B. Misof, M.F. Whiting, and L.B. Vilhelmsen. 2010. Morphological and molecularevidence converge upon a robust phylogeny of the megadiverse Holometabola.Cladistics 26:1–15.Lord, N.P., C.S. Hartley, K.B. Miller, J.F. Lawrence, J.V. McHugh, and M.F. Whiting.2010. Phylogenetic analysis of the minute brown scavenger beetles (Coleoptera:Latridiidae), and recognition of a new beetle family, Akalyptoischionidae, fam. n.(Coleoptera: Cucujoidea). Systematic Entomology 35:753–763.Legendre, F., T. Robillard, H. Song, M.F. Whiting, and L. Desutter-Grandcolas. 2010.One hundred years of instability in ensiferan relationships. Systematic Entomology35:475–488.Bitam, I., K. Dittmar, P. Parola, M.F. Whiting, and D. Raoult. 2010. Fleas and flea-bornediseases. International Journal of Infectious Diseases 14:e667–e676.Pfrender, M.E., C.P. Hawkins, M. Bagley, G. Courtney, B. Creutzburg, J.H. Epler, S.Fend, L.C. Ferrington Jr, P.L. Hartzell, S. Jackson, P. Larsen, A. Lévesque, J.C. Morse,M. Petersen, A. Radwell, D. Ruiter, D, Schindel, and M.F. Whiting. 2010. Geneticapproaches to biodiversity assessment in freshwater ecosystems. Quarterly Review ofBiology 85:319–340.Sheffield, N.C., K.D. Hiatt, M.C. Valentine, H. Song, and M.F. Whiting. 2010.Mitochondrial genomics in Orthoptera using MOSAS. Mitochondrial DNA 21:87–104.Song, H., N.C. Sheffield, S.L. Cameron, K.B. Miller, and M.F. Whiting. 2010. Whenphylogenetic assumptions are violated: base compositional heterogeneity andamong-site rate heterogeneity in beetle mitochondrial phylogenomics. SystematicEntomology 35:429–448.Moulton, M.J., H. Song, and M.F. Whiting. 2010. Assessing the effects of primerspecificity on eliminating numt coamplification in DNA barcoding: a case study fromOrthoptera (Arthropoda: Insecta). Molecular Ecology Resources 10:615–627.Gullipalli, D., A. Arif, P. Aparoy, G.J. Svenson, M.F. Whiting, P. Reddanna, andA. Dutta-Gupta. 2010. Identification of adevelopmentally and hormonally regulatedDelta Class Insect Glutathione S-transferase.Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology B,Biochemistry and Molecular Biology 156:33–39.Houston, D.D., T.H. Ogden, M.F. Whiting,and D.K. Shiozawa. 2010. Polyphyly of thepikeminnows (Teleostei: Cyprinidae) inferredusing mitochondrial DNA sequences.Transactions of the American Fisheries Society139:303–315.28

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