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Citizens Monitoring for Marine Invasive Species:A Regional Approach to Covering the CoastOctober 23, 2006Workshop ProceedingsSponsored by:The Northeast Aquatic Nuisance Species PanelHosted by:The New England Aquarium

AcknowledgementsOur thanks go out to the following organizations, agencies and people:The Northeast Aquatic Nuisance Species (NEANS) Panel for financing this workshop and to theNew England Aquarium for hosting the event.The US Fish and Wildlife Service for funding the NEANS Panel as one of the Regional Panelsof the Aquatic Nuisance Species Task Force.The Massachusetts Office of Coastal Zone Management (CZM), the Massachusetts BaysProgram (MPB), and the New England Aquarium (NEAQ) for their generous staff support.Jay Baker (CZM), Beth Suedmeyer (CZM), Charles Hernick (CZM), Jan Smith (MPB), ScottWebber (NEAQ) and Peter Thayer (ME Department of Marine Resources) for coordinating andplanning the workshop, and handling registration among many other tasks.Michele Tremblay of Naturesource Communications who answered countless logisticalquestions in the weeks and months leading up to this event, and who coordinated the financing ofthis event with the NEANS Panel.All of the speakers who presented their work at this event. In doing so you have helped meet thegoal of this workshop and helped create a more interconnected regional invasive speciesmonitoring effort.And special thanks go the volunteers who fuel citizen science initiatives. Without thecontribution of your time and effort, much less would be known about marine invasive species.This document was prepared by Charles Hernick, Massachusetts Office of Coastal ZoneManagement, 251 Causeway Street, Suite 800, Boston, MA, 02114. Phone: (617) 626-1218Email: Cover photo by Charles Hernick.1

ContentsAcknowledgements 1Contents 2Agenda 3Plenary Presentation: Lessons Learned from Thirty Years of Volunteer 4Based Marine Monitoring in the NetherlandsAdriaan Gittenberger, National Museum of Natural History (Leiden, Netherlands)The Marine Invader Monitoring and Information Collaborative (MIMIC) 17and ProtocolBeth Suedmeyer, Massachusetts CZM, & Barbara Warren, Salem Sound CoastwatchVital Signs: Monitoring Invasive Species Program 24Sarah Kirn, Gulf of Maine Research InstituteAtlantic Zone Aquatic Invasive Species Monitoring Program 28Thomas Landry, Fisheries and Oceans CanadaSalem Sound Coastwatch Monitoring Efforts 34Barbara Warren, Salem Sound CoastwatchNorth and South Rivers Watershed Association 41Sara Grady, North and South Rivers Watershed AssociationResults from new MIMIC members: Cape Cod Natural History Museum 45and WellfleetBeth Suedmeyer, Massachusetts CZMResults from new MIMIC members: Northeastern University Marine Science 50Center in Nahant, MANicole Macrae, Northeastern UniversityValidation Study of Citizen Science and Implications for 55Regional Monitoring NetworksDave Delaney, McGill UniversityThe Marine Invader Tracking Information System (MITIS) 59Christiaan Adams, MIT Sea GrantRound Table Discussion Notes 63List of Attendees 642

Citizens Monitoring for Marine Invasive Species:A Regional Approach to Covering the CoastAgendaNew England Aquarium, October 23, 20068:30 Registration9:00 Welcome and IntroductionScott Weber, New England Aquarium9:15 Plenary Presentation: Lessons Learned from Thirty Years of Volunteer Based MarineMonitoring in the NetherlandsAdriaan Gittenberger, National Museum of Natural History (Leiden, Netherlands)10:00 The Marine Invader Monitoring and Information Collaborative (MIMIC) and ProtocolBeth Suedmeyer, Massachusetts CZM, & Barbara Warren, Salem Sound Coastwatch10:30 Break10:45 Vital Signs: Monitoring Invasive Species ProgramSarah Kirn, Gulf of Maine Research Institute11:15 Atlantic Zone Aquatic Invasive Species Monitoring ProgramThomas Landry, Fisheries and Oceans Canada11:45 Lunch12:45 Salem Sound Coastwatch Monitoring EffortsBarbara Warren, Salem Sound Coastwatch1:15 North and South Rivers Watershed AssociationSara Grady, North and South Rivers Watershed Association1:35 Results from new MIMIC members:• Cape Cod Natural History Museum and Wellfleet (Beth Suedmeyer)• Northeastern University Marine Science Center in Nahant, MA (Nicole Macrae)2:05 Validation Study of Citizen Science and Implications for Regional Monitoring NetworksDave Delaney, McGill University2:25 Break2:35 The Marine Invader Tracking Information System (MITIS)Christiaan Adams, MIT Sea Grant3:00 Round Table Discussion: Past Experiences and Future ExpectationsPanelists: Barbara Warren, Sarah Kirn, Dave Delaney, Beth Suedmeyer, Thomas LandryModerator: Charles Hernick4:00 Wrap-up & Adjourn3

Plenary Presentation: Lessons Learned from Thirty Years of Volunteer Based MarineMonitoring in the NetherlandsAdriaan Gittenberger, MSc.National Museum of Natural History (Leiden, Netherlands)Email: Phone: +31611381083Nowadays over a thousand volunteers of the ANEMOON foundation are monitoring theNetherlands coasts by beach combing, netting, scuba-diving and/or deploying settlement plates.About 30 years of monitoring data is stored in a database maintained by the government. Gettingand keeping these volunteers motivated over the years has not been an easy task. Thispresentation will deal on our experiences, and consequently the lessons that we have learnedabout how to work with volunteers in marine monitoring projects.4

Slide 1Lessons learned from thirty yearsof marine monitoring with volunteersSlide 4The ANEMOON foundationInputIdentificationsInternet sitePresentationsSpecialistsCollecting specimensArjan GittenbergerNational Museum of Natural History Naturalis, Leiden, The Nether landsSlide 2The ANEMOON foundationAbout…ProjectsResearch areaSlide 5The ANEMOON foundationInputIdentificationsPR / MotivationPublicationsDiving FairCoordinator not paidFree beesSlide 3The ANEMOON foundationSlide 6The ANEMOON foundationMonitoring formDatabaseSupport centresInputInputIdentificationsPR / MotivationPublicationsEducationOutputWebsiteOutreach5

Slide 7The ANEMOON foundationInputSlide 10Temperate waters1˚ to 18˚ Celsius-3˚ to 25˚ Celsius (extremes)IdentificationsAverage Water temperaturesPR / MotivationOutputSETL-projectSmithsonian Marine Invasions Laboratory (SERC)Celsius201612840Delta areaJan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov DecSlide 8The ANEMOON foundationSlide 11National Museum of Natural History ‘Naturalis’Central Bureau of StatisticsThe Delta AreaMinistry of Water ManagementInstitute of Environmental SciencesLeiden UniversitySea FoundationSmithsonian Marine Invasions Laboratory (SERC)Delta areaSlide 9WhereThe NetherlandsSlide 12Tidal CurrentsStrong = +Weak = -Absent = -------++ -++6

Slide 13SalinitySaline = ++Brackish = ++++++Fresh = - + - --Slide 16MOO-project++ +++Slide 14PollutionPolluted = +Clean = ---+-++Slide 17Projects~1975 Beach combers project--++++1993 ANEMOON Foundation:Littoral project (LINK)Loose data project (LOW)Netting project (KOR)Scuba divers project (MOO)++2006:Fouling community project (SETL)Slide 15ProjectsSlide 18INPUT1977 Beach combers project1993 ANEMOON Foundation:Littoral project (LINK)Loose data project (LOW)Netting project (KOR)Scuba divers project (MOO)~ 300 active volunteers / year~ 30 in core group~ 1000 monitored dives / yearDatabase of the Central Bureau of Statistics- President of the ANEMOON Foundation7

Slide 19Slide 22INPUTDatabase of the Central Bureau of Statistics- President of the ANEMOON Foundation~November 2006:Database build by the University of Amsterdam- Internet access- Ownership = data provider- Maintenance by Dutch GovernmentSlide 20MONITORING FORM? = We cannot recognize the species (excluded in analysis)O = Absent 0 specimens / coloniesZ = Rare 1-10 specimens / coloniesA = Common 11-100 specimens / coloniesM = Abundant >100 specimens / coloniesSlide 23IDENTIFICATIONSMarine Biology Courses forScuba Diving clubs / organisationsSlide 21Slide 248

Slide 25Slide 28IDENTIFICATIONSANEMOON Foundation webpage- Question forum:Ask questions / add pictures-“Spuisluis”:More information on e.g. invasive speciesSlide 26Slide 29Slide 27Slide 30IDENTIFICATIONSTaxonomists from universities, museums, etc.Collection permits for the “best” volunteers (~10)Voucher specimens in museum9

Slide 31Slide 34 Vita Malacologica 2IDENTIFICATIONSANEMOON Foundation webpage- Question forum:Ask questions / add pictures-“Spuisluis”:More information on e.g. invasive species- Species descriptions / distributions:All species on monitoring formsSlide 32Slide 35IDENTIFICATIONSPublications- Newsletter ANEMOON results- Diving magazines- ZeepaardSlide 33Slide 36IDENTIFICATIONSPublicationsPR / MOTIVATION[1] Keep your volunteers happy[2] Data quality… Coordinators get no salary …10

Slide 37Slide 40PR / MOTIVATIONBeing valuedBeing personally asked to help as- Webmaster- Responsibility for data on webpage- Locality coordinator- Database programmer- Monitoring volunteer- PhotographerSlide 38Slide 41PR / MOTIVATIONBeing valuedCommunicating with aDr., Professor, Specialist, etc.Slide 39Slide 42PR / MOTIVATIONBeing Visible- Description of the project in Field guides- Articles in news papers / scuba diving journals- Support centers: Diving shops, camping grounds- Day of the Sea- Marine Biology Square on Annual Scuba-diving Fair:~10.000 visitors from Netherlands, Belgium and Germany11

Slide 43Slide 46 Didemnum spec.: 1991Harbour / port mastersMussel farmersFishermanPR / MOTIVATIONMaterialismFree bees:- Military satellite photo atlas with grid- CD-rom “Interactive Diving Guide”- “Het Duiken Gebruiken 1, 2, 3”Slide 44Slide 47Percentage of dives that Didemnum was seenper year100%90%80%70%60%50%40%30%20%10%0%1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 20031-10, 11-100 or >100 colonies per diveSlide 45Slide 48Common brittlestarOphiotrix fragilisGreen sea urchinPsammechinus miliarisOUTPUTReportsScientific publicationsWebsite.100%80%60%40%20%0%1994 1995 1996 1997 1998100%80%60%40%20%0%1994 1995 1996 1997 199812

Slide 49Slide 52SETL projectSlide 50Slide 53A fouling community study that goes on indefinitelycheck every three monthsLow costmaterial cost only (= 75,- Euro / locality)Use volunteerse.g. students, universities, schoolsCoordinated by professionalse.g. National Museum of Natural History NaturalisStandardized materials and methodsWorld wide: Temperate watersSlide 51OUTPUTEducationMarine Biology Excursion,Institute of Environmental Sciences, Leiden UniversityPresentations “marine biodiversity”at high schoolsSlide 54Local contactsEach continent:•Natural History Museum(Vouchers/identifications)•Local coordinator(volunteer) / Marine research institutionEach SETL-locality:•SETL-locality coordinator•Local foundations/institutescoordinating volunteer monitoring projects•High schools/universitiespart of marine biology course/excursion13

Slide 55Slide 58Slide 56Slide 59Slide 57Slide 6014

Slide 61Slide 64Slide 62Slide 65 2007Slide 63Slide 66 200815

Slide 67 200916

The Marine Invader Monitoring and Information Collaborative (MIMIC) and ProtocolBeth SuedmeyerInvasive Species Specialist, Massachusetts Office of Coastal Zone ManagementEmail: Phone: 617.626.4921Barbara WarrenExecutive Director, Salem Sound CoastwatchRegional Coordinator, Massachusetts Bay ProgramEmail: Phone: 978.741.7900The invasion of introduced species has emerged as one of the leading environmental threats tocoastal and marine habitats and resources. Early detection of new introductions is critical toprevent further loss of biodiversity, negative impacts to coastal and marine industries, and costlycontrol programs. However, the resources needed to coordinate monitoring by scientists arelimited. As a result, monitoring has happened irregularly, and there is limited information andunderstanding of the distribution and impacts of marine invaders.To develop an understanding of the extent and impacts of marine biological invasions inthe region, a citizen science monitoring initiative was designed to support the efforts of regionalscientists, academics, and natural resource managers. Salem Sound Coastwatch (SSCW), withthe assistance of the Massachusetts Office of Coastal Zone Management (CZM), developedmethods and protocols for monitoring marine invaders along the New England coast. A Citizen'sGuide to Monitoring Marine Invasive Species was developed to provide the informationnecessary to become a member of a volunteer monitoring team or to initiate a marine invasivespecies monitoring program for citizen scientists and students. Additionally, a set of 20identification cards of introduced species and potential invaders was developed.Following several years of a pilot monitoring effort led by SSCW, CZM initiated theMarine Invader Monitoring and Information Collaborative (MIMIC) in 2006. Trained volunteersand nonprofit organizations will collect information about current locations, abundance, andcharacteristics of introduced and native marine species in marine and coastal areas ofMassachusetts. Data generated through this project will be contributed to a regional databasehosted by MIT Sea Grant in collaboration with CZM. Ultimately, volunteer-collected data willbe integrated with scientific data to provide a better understanding of the pathways of speciesintroduction and the associated ecological impacts.17

Slide 1Marine Invaders Monitoring andInformation Collaborative(MIMIC)Beth SuedmeyerMassachusetts Office ofCoastal Zone ManagementBarbara WarrenSalem Sound CoastwatchMassachusetts Bays ProgramSlide 4NativeIndigenousRelative TermsIntroducedAlienExoticNon-nativenativeNon-indigenousCryptogenicInvasiveNuisance / NoxiousCitizen Monitoring for Marine Invasive SpeciesOctober 23, 2006(Bio)InvaderSlide 2PRESENTATION OUTLINESlide 5Why Study Invasions Issue of Marine Invasive Species Terminology Evolution and Goals of MIMIC MIMIC Organization and Tools Available Methodology Permanent floating docks Rocky intertidal Tidepools Subtidal1. Invasions are occurring at unprecedented rates& spatial scales. (Carlton 1989)2. Virtually all of these are the result of humanactivities.3. Second only to habitat destruction as leadingenvironmental threat to coastal and marinehabitats.4. Invasions impact multiple aspects of society(e.g. natural resources, infrastructure, regionaleconomies, human health).Slide 3TerminologySlide 6Highlight a Few Local ConcernsIntroduced Species:species transported by human action or activity intentionally orunintentionally - into a given region in which they did not occurin historical time and are now reproducing in the wild(PEW Oceans Commission Report 2002)Codium challenges at Harwich BeachInvasive Species:non-native native species whose introduction does, or is likely to,cause economic or environmental harm or harm to humanhealth(Executive Order 13112 on Invasive Species)Cryptogenic:it is not known for sure whether a species is native orintroduced, meaning that further study to determine itsgeographic origin is required(Carlton, 1996)18

Slide 7Local ConcernsSlide 10MIMIC: Marine Invaders Monitoring &Information CollaborativeChanges in Tunicate Biodiversity on Cape Cod Historic surveys of MA coastal areas determined33 species of tunicates found in MA In 2002-03 03 Carman, et al. recorded 9 tunicateson Cape Cod and 7 of these were invasive Recently found Didemnum albidum (native) Program piloted by Salem SoundCoastwatch on the North Shore CZM is working with local / regionalgroups to organize volunteer network North and South Rivers Watershed Assoc. Northeastern Univ. Marine Science Center Wellfleet Audubon Sanctuary Cape Cod Museum of Natural History Schools 8Office of Coastal ZoneManagement Established as an Office of theCommonwealth under the Executive Officeof Environmental Affairs in 1983 followingapproval of the MA Coastal ZoneManagement Plan Program areas and Regional Coordinators Key roll in development andimplementation of the MA Aquatic InvasiveSpecies Management PlanSlide 11MIMIC ToolsSet of 20 MISidentification cards(with SSCW)Volunteer MonitoringGuide and Trainingmaterials (withSSCW)Data entry anddatabase system(with MIT Sea Grant)Slide 9Goals of Invader Monitoring Document distribution and abundance of knowninvaders Document occurrence of new invaders so thatimmediate action can be taken Increase public awareness of the issue ofmarine invaders Provide information to statewide database onintroduced and native marine species Recognize change in species composition overtimeSlide 12Species on ID CardsIntroduced (13) Membranipora membranacealacy crust bryozoan Codium fragile spp. Tomentosoides- Green fleece Grateloupia turuturu – Red algae Ostrea edulis - European flat oyster Hemigrapsus sanguineus- Asian shore crab Carcinus maenas - European green crab Diadumene lineata - Orange-stripedanemone Ascidiella aspersa - European sea squirt Didemnum sp. - Colonial tunicate Botryllus schlosseri - Star tunicate Styela clava - Club tunicate Botrylloides violaceus - Orange sheathtunicate Diplosoma listerianum - Diplosoma tunicatePotential (7) Synidotea laevidorsalis- Asian isopod Eriocheir sinensis- Chinese mitten crab Rapana venosa- Rapa whelk Corella eumyota- Tunicate Undaria pinnatifida- Wakame seaweed Sargassum muticum- Japanese wireweed Hemigrapsus takanoi- Brush-clawed shore crab19

Slide 13METHODOLOGYMonitoring Marine InvadersSlide 16MethodologyAccuracy - confidence in biological sample identifications andassessmentsOrange Sheath TunicateStriped AnemoneRepresentativeness - all sampling sites selected represent“average” conditions for the water body and habitat type ata specific place and timeCodiumA.MartinezKelpComparability - data can be compared between samplelocations or periods of time within a project, or betweendifferent projects; using known protocols and documentingmethods, analysis, sampling sites, times and datesAsian Shore CrabEuropean (Common) PeriwinkleCompleteness - comparison between the amount of valid orusable data the program originally intends to collectversus how much is actually collected.Slide 14METHODOLOGYMonitoring Marine HabitatsSlide 17A moment in time! Each monitoring session collects data on thebiological organisms in the evaluation area.Subtidal Long-term data collection necessary beforeconclusions on population and naturalcommunity dynamics can be made.TidepoolsPermanentFloating DocksRocky IntertidalSlide 15MethodologySlide 18Rocky Intertidal MonitoringRandom quadrat sampling methodGOAL: New introductions reportedimmediately.GOAL: a consistent, standardized method ofdata collection that works for the habitat typebeing sampled• Permanent floating docks• Rocky intertidal• Tidepools• Subtidal4 quadrants – sample one quadrat in each.Tide dependent!20

iSlide 19Monitoring Rocky Intertidal / Cobble Areasampling 4 quadratsSlide 22Dock MonitoringSince many MIS are fouling organisms,decided to collect data from a floating docks.Slide 20Rocky Intertidal MonitoringSlide 23Permanent Floating DocksRandom Placementof one-meter square quadrats.This monitoring is NOT tide dependent.XiiiYNumbers randomlyselected from randomnumber table:iiiv(4, 7)One in each of the QuadrantsX, Y coordinatesrandomly selected,NOT haphazard sampling.Each quadrat has its owndata sheet.All species present are recorded.FOUR line transects (80 cm in length) are laid out along theedge of the dock.Since sessile organisms need to adhere to submerged surfaces,the line transect must be aligned over a dock float.RANDOMNESS? REPEATABILITYSlide 21Rocky Intertidal MonitoringData collected:• Native and introducedalgal and invertebrate species• Abundance estimates for commonand often prolific species, such ascommon periwinkles (Littorina littorea).• Actual count for some –crabs, sea stars and sea urchins.• Percent coverage estimates forsessile organisms –mussels, tunicates.As well as air, water temperature, salinity, time takento sample each quadrat, observers, time of low tide.Slide 24Dock MonitoringPoint-contact transect method• Record native and introducedalgal and invertebrate species• Absent, 1-10 (X), >10 (Z)• Do not remove species! Return to same 4 transects Each transect is divided into4 sections (20 cm wide)21

Slide 25Quantifying Organismsalong the dock’s s edgeSlide 28Divers Subtidal InventoryPresence, Depth of Sightings, Abundance (one, few,many), Substrate, Water Temperature, Observers, Beginand End Time and Location.Of “TEN Most Wanted” -- Codium fragile – Green fleece Ostrea edulis – European oyster Carcinus maenas – Green crab Hemigrapsus sanguineus – Asian shorecrab Ascidiella aspersa – Tunicate Botrylloides violaceus – Orange sheathtunicate Botryllus schlosseri – Golden Star tunicate Didemnum sp. – Mystery colonial tunicate Diplosoma listerianum – Diplosoma tunicatePage Valentine and Dann Blackwood Styela clava – Club tunicateSlide 26NEW 2006: Annual InventorySlide 29VerificationDock1 23 4Rocky intertidalSurvey of entire areaAugust or SeptemberLooking for MIS onlyRecord only presenceHaving CONFIDENCE with species identification: Discuss with your monitoring partner and localcoordinator. Photos are the best option. If photos aren’t t possible, assess the likelihoodof someone returning to the location and beingable to see the organism (quantity?,distribution?). If believe a possible new introduction take a sample, keep in salt water, and contact localcoordinator.Slide 27NEW 2006: Subtidal Inventory• A pilot recreational diver MIS monitoring program• As an educational outreach program of NE Sea Grantuniversities and Salem Sound Coastwatch• To increase diver awareness of MIS and the issues• Provide location data to NE-wide effort to monitor andcontrol nuisance speciesSlide 30SAFETY is the FIRST PRIORITY!Safety guidelines: DO NOT go out alone. Avoid going out in bad weather. Be aware of the tide and how fast it returns. Wear appropriate clothing and footwear.Protecting the Environment•Avoid creating undo stress that may affect settlement and/or lifeprocesses.•Some organisms are injured if pried from their attachment sites.•Replace overturned rocks back where they were without crushing any aorganisms.•Learn how to handle invertebrates to avoid injury to them and yourself.•Collect only if it seems important and necessary for further taxonomicidentification.•Take the minimum amount necessary for identification.22

Slide 31Volunteer participation Select a study area for repeated visits. Dock Tide pool Rocky shore Subtidal* Sample once a month at this location(s)during the warmer months with a team. Follow the set protocols. Learn the species Volunteers are not asked to identify species thatrequire a microscope for identification.23

Vital Signs: Monitoring Invasive Species ProgramSarah L. KirnVital Signs Program Manager, Gulf of Maine Research InstituteEmail: Phone: 207.228.1631The Gulf of Maine Research Institute uses communications and computing technology ininnovative ways to engage students in the scientific study of the Gulf of Maine and its watershed.GMRI’s Vital Signs program has been successfully engaging students with science in their localaquatic ecosystems since 2000. We are currently developing a Vital Signs program to enableMaine students’ participation in invasive species monitoring efforts statewide across freshwaterand coastal systems. The Vital Signs suite of mobile and GIS technology tools will guidestudents’ collection and analysis of rigorous data useful to invasive species scientists and naturalresource managers. Through the study of invasive species, students will learn fundamentalecology concepts and skills. Vital Signs will build an effective partnership between Mainestudents and scientists, foster a community-wide awareness and understanding of invasivespecies in Maine waters, provide Maine schools a relevant and engaging science program, andbenefit Maine’s diverse aquatic environments and the people who study, use, and enjoy them.24

Slide 1Slide 4Education at the Gulf of Maine Research InstituteVITAL SIGNSReal students. Real science.We use communications and computing technology in innovativeways to build communities.Using technology to enable students to monitor their localenvironments for invasive speciesThree technology platforms:• Informative web resources• Cohen Center for Innovative Learning• Vital SignsSlide 2Slide 5Vital Signs MissionNEANS Conference, October 23 2006• Engage students with their local aquatic ecosystemsI. Introduction to GMRI• Enhance science educationII.III.IV.Education at GMRIHistory and evolution of the Vital Signs programVital Signs and invasive species monitoring in Maine• Empower students as partners in scientific research• Collect relevant and rigorous scientific observations acrossfreshwater and coastal ecosystemsSlide 3Science. Education. Community.Slide 6Data Collection. Data Verification. Data Display.GMRI is guided by a three-part mission to:Customized handheld computer software guides students tocollect rigorous environmental data• Convene stakeholders for discussion and debate regarding themanagement and use of marine resources in the Gulf of Maine.• Facilitate and conduct collaborative research in the Gulf of Maineand its watershed.• Educate about aquatic resources and ecosystems in the Gulf ofMaine and its watershed.25

Slide 7Data Collection. Data Verification. Data Display.Slide 10Real Students. Real Science.A thorough data verification process includes:• Students want to contribute real data to real research questions• Students• Scientists need baseline information about invasive speciesacross freshwater and coastal ecosystems• Teachers• GMRI staff• Scientists trust Vital Signs to guide students’ data collection• ExpertsSlide 8Data Collection. Data Verification. Data Display.Slide 11Vital Signs: Monitoring Invasive SpeciesMaine 7 th and 8 th grade students will:• Learn fundamental science concepts and skills through thecontext of invasive species• Use technology to collect and analyze data• Share data online with scientistsSlide 9Vital Signs ProgramsSlide 12Maine Learning Technology InitiativeWater Quality Monitoring• Maine• 1999-2005• 32,000 tech savvy Maine students with laptops and high speedWeb access statewide• Need for dynamic, relevant education content for the laptopsRiparian Habitat Monitoring• Ireland/ Northern Ireland• 2005-present26

Slide 13Slide 16Meta Data• Meta Data, Participant“Vital Signs has the potential to build aheightened level of school-age awareness anda meaningful body of scientific knowledge thatis essential for biologists and resourcemanagers committed to addressing invasivespecies issues.”– School name & location– Teacher name– Student grade level– Level of teacher training/ years of experience– Level of student training/ years of experience• Meta Data, Field Work– Sampling Protocol• Quadrat, transect– Identification Key– Equipment/ toolsDavid Littell, Commissioner of Maine’s Department of EnvironmentalProtection• Species Verification– Expert nameSlide 14Advisory Group• Dr. Debra Landry Yarmouth schools• Elizabeth Stephenson UMO/ Maine Coastal Program, SPO• Esperanza Stancioff UMaine Cooperative Extension/ Maine Sea Grant• Jacob van de Sande Downeast Salmon Federation• Jonah Rosenfeld Waynflete• Dr. Jonathan Grabowski Gulf of Maine Research Institute• Dr. Megan Tyrell Wells NERR• Paul Gregory Maine Department of Environmental Protection• Peter Hill King Middle School• Peter Thayer Maine Department of Marine Resources• Roberta Hill Maine Center for Invasive Aquatic Plants• Dr. Robin Hadlock-Seeley Cornell UniversitySlide 17Vital Signs Program Contact InformationSarah KirnSarah Morrisseausarah@gmri.orgsarahm@gmri.org207 228-1631 207• Susan Hayhurst Gulf of Maine Research InstituteOTHERS:Electronic Field Guide Project, Matt Scott, Bill ReidSlide 15Field Data• Geographic Location• Date/ Time• Habitat Type– Freshwater: pond, lake, stream, river, wetland– Coastal: rocky intertidal, salt marsh, mudflat, fouling community– Photographs• Weather conditions– Cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed• Water measurements– T, pH, DO, salinity– Substrate, depth, width, surface clarity, flow rate• Native & Invasive Species– Confidence interval– Photographs & samples as necessary– Abundance, counts, percent cover• Notes27

Atlantic Zone Aquatic Invasive Species Monitoring ProgramThomas LandrySection Head, Molluscan Productivity, Department of Fisheries and Oceans CanadaEmail: Phone: 506.851.6219Over ten species of Aquatic Invasive Species (AIS) have been reported in Atlantic Canada overthe past 10 years. More recently, four species of invasive tunicates have been reported in PEI inthe last 5 years and are the cause of major concerns for the survival of the mollusk aquacultureindustry. Monitoring is recognized as an important component of any AIS program, both interms of developing management and mitigation strategies. A three level program of monitoringfor AIS in the marine waters of Atlantic Canada is being developed. The levels of surveillanceactivities include: Level 1 – low-frequency (temporal), wide geographic coverage, direct, nontargetedsampling; Level 2 – high-frequency, low (focused) geographic coverage, direct, targetedsampling; and Level 3 – high-frequency, local geographic coverage, indirect, targeted. The thirdlevel is based on a stewardship program, which has been highly successful and will include aClearing House function in the near future.28

Slide 1Atlantic Zone Aquatic InvasiveSpecies Monitoring ProgramThomas Landry, Andrea Locke, Neil McNair and Art SmithAquatic Health DivisionFisheries and Oceans CanadaGulf Fisheries Centre, Moncton NBOceans and Science BranchSlide 4Introduction• Number of AIS in the sGSL areincreasing– 26+ since mid 1800’s• 10 in the last decadeSource: Locke, A. and Hanson, M. (in prep.)• Transportation vectors (pathways)– ships (hull, ballast water)• commercial• recreational– cargo (live seafood shipment)• fishery (fish & shellfish pound,seaweeds/packaging)• aquaculture• leisure (aquarium), live bait– ocean currents• larvae• floating debris• Economical vs. Ecological impacts– shellfish aquaculture industrySlide 2Gulf of St. Lawrence (southern)Slide 5Green Crab (Carcinus maenas)• Origin– North and Baltic seas (Europe)• sGSL (1st report)– 1995 (St. Georges Bay, NS)• Economy– Voracious predator (100+ species)• mollusks and crustaceans• Ecosystem– Displacement of native species• aggressive behaviour– Ecological impact• Zostera marina (eelgrass)Orb View-2 (03-0505Maine &Bay of Fundy(1950’s)NY (mid 1800’s)JF MalletSlide 3“alien invasionsare a major causeof declining biodiversityin Canada, second onlyto habitat loss”Commissioner of the Environment andSustainable Development (2002)Slide 6Seaweed (Codium fragile ssp. tomentosoides)(Oyster Thief, Green Sea Fingers, Dead Man’s Fingers)• Origin– N-W Pacific (Japan)• sGSL (1st report)– 1996 (Caribou Harbour, NS)• Economy– Bio-fouling, transport (hull)– Decrease in valuable seaweeds• Irish moss and dulse• Ecosystem– Displacement of native species– Ecological impact• sea urchins - kelp habitat dynamicsMaine (1960)NY (1957) Mahone Bay (1991)29

Slide 7Clubbed tunicate (Styela clava)• Origin– W Pacific (Korea)• sGSL (1st report)– 1998 (Brudenell River, PEI)• Economy– Bio-fouling, transport (hull)– Filter feeder (competition for foodand space)• mussel farming• Ecosystem– Displacement of native species– Ecological impactSlide 10AIS distribution in PEI - Ciona intestinalisSlide 8New tunicate speciesSlide 11AIS distribution in PEI - Botryllus schlosseriSea vase tunicateGolden star tunicate• Origin– Europe• sGSL (1st report)– 2001 (St. PetersBay, PEI)Ciona intestinalisBotryllus schlosseri• Origin– N Atlantic (Europe)• sGSL (1st report)– 2004 (MontagueRiver, PEI)• Origin– N-W Pacific (Japan)• sGSL (1st report)– 2004 (Savage Harbour,PEI)Botrylloides violaceusViolet (orange or red) sheath tunicateSlide 9Slide 12AIS distribution in PEI - Styela clavaAIS distribution in PEI - Botrylloides violaceus30

Slide 13Slide 16AIS Monitoring ProposalImpacts (Clubbed tunicate)LEVEL 1• Low Frequency• Wide Geographical• Direct – Non-targeted• Ex: navigational buoysLEVEL 2• High Frequency• Low Geographical• Direct - Targeted• Collector PlatsLEVEL 3• High Frequency• Local• Indirect - Targeted• StewardshipSlide 14Slide 17 AIS Monitoring Proposal: Level 1Impacts (Colonial tunicates)PEI DAFAPEI DAFAObjectives• Early detection• Progression of spread• Identify vectorsSlide 15AIS MonitoringAIS Monitoring ProposalSlide 1851°$T69°BeBOB 2005Bouées échantillonnées67°65°63°61°59°CU35CT7$T$TCU2$T$T $T$TCU27$TC10$T$T $T$T$T57°51°49°47°KE4KE3K48K32$T$T$T $T$T$T$T$TKD6K30 $T$T $T$T$TIML3$T $T $T$T$T$TH41HC1 CALR56$T$T$T$T$T$T$T HC3HC2H63Salinités (PSAL)H7298111213141516171819K14$TKD14KA13212223242526272829D11$T$T$TRAT CM28 C80D4$T $T$T$T$T$T$T$T$T$T$T$T$T $TBASQE$T$TD6PM11 CM10 IML1$T$T$T$TIML8MENIER$T PM945138 CLORI$T VALLEA$THD8$T$T$THD9 AA1$TAN3 $T $T $T$T$T$T AF1AB1NEWPO$T $T $TAP2$T $T EB IML6$T$TTJ2$TIML5TE2 $T$T X31DS$TQ$T $TJP2$TC81$T$TC84JK JD1$T $T $T $T$T$TCN2 CN8$T$TNA$TSS1YA2 YY$T $T$T$T$T Y8Y12 Y16 VVVC $T$TNDN$TVU2$TVJ2$T$TCK1$TVU4CJ5$TC64$TIML2$TCT11N49°47°20303150 0 50 100 Kilometers69°67°65°63°61°59°57°31

Slide 19 AIS Monitoring Proposal: Level 2Slide 22AIS Monitoring Proposal: Level 3Public involvementObjectives• Early detection• Vectors• Effect of mitigation• Evolution of spread1-800-759-6600invaderr.glc.dfo-mpo.gc.caSlide 20 AIS Monitoring Proposal: Level 2Slide 23AIS Monitoring Proposal: Level 3Public involvement 21 AIS Monitoring Proposal: Level 3Objectives• Early detection• Frequent observation• Education• Buy-inSlide 24AIS Monitoring Proposal: Level 3Public involvementCOORDINATION• Who do you call?• Data gathering• Education• CommunicationCLEARING HOUSE• Identification• Specimen collection• Validation• TrainingCommunity Aquatic Monitoring Program32

Slide 25AIS Monitoring Proposal: Level 3Industry involvementSlide 27Slide 26Research and Development– Management• Coordination of efforts to control invasive tunicates– Monitoring• Monitoring of the distribution of invasive tunicates in PEI• Monitoring for new tunicate invasions at high-risk sites• Investigation on vectors• Investigation on environmental interactions (climate change)– Reproduction and recruitment• Effect of temperature and salinity on the spawning behaviour of colonial tunicates• Effect of the epifauna on the settlement of tunicates• Effect of anthropogenic factors on the settlement of tunicates• Effect of temperature and salinity on the survival of colonial tunicate larvae– Competition (mussel – tunicate)• Effect of invasive tunicates on mussel farm productivity– Control methods• Epidemiologic study (fish plant effluents, ...)• Effect of various chemicals (e.g. lime, vinegar) on the violet and golden star tunicates• Effect of husbandry (seeding density) on the settlement of tunicates• Documentation of treatment trials conducted by the industry33

Salem Sound Coastwatch Monitoring EffortsBarbara WarrenExecutive Director, Salem Sound CoastwatchRegional Coordinator, Massachusetts Bay ProgramEmail: Phone: 978.741.7900Salem Sound Coastwatch (SSCW) has trained citizen volunteers to monitor five permanentfloating docks, six rocky shore areas, and many tidepools under its Coastal Habitat InvasiveMonitoring Program. From May to October, monthly monitoring has been conducted in fivecoastal communities of Salem Sound and Cape Ann, Massachusetts for the past three years.SSCW has developed and refined three data collection methods, one for each of the habitatssurveyed. The data collection methods record the presence and abundance of both native andnon-native marine species to address one of SSCW’s questions: are marine introduced species(MIS) affecting changes in our coastal habitats overtime? This question can only be addressedwith long-term monitoring, another goal of the program.In 2006, SSCW began a fourth data collection method, an annual inventory. A timedsurvey of the entire site is conducted at the end of the season, and only the presence ofintroduced species is recorded. This inventory makes sure that no MIS have been missed by theother methods that use random placement of quadrats or fixed transects. During the inventory,photographs of each invading species are taken at each survey site. This provides speciesverification for the season’s monitoring efforts.In general, rocky shores have had slightly fewer introduced species than docks ortidepools, which reflects the more subtidal nature of these two environments. Salem has the mostnumber of introduced species (11), with Gloucester close behind with nine(9). Of the tunicates,Botrylloides violaceus is the only species found at every site, in every habitat. Didemnum sp. hasnot been found during monitoring sessions. However, small specimens were found in 2005 at theBeverly Public Pier and Salem Winter Island during training sessions. Botryllus scholsseri hasalso been present at every dock, as well as the Gloucester and Beverly shore. Diplosomalisterianum was not found until 2006, but this past season was easily located at Beverly PublicPier and Salem’s Hawthorne Marina. The solitary Styela clava has been seen at all docks,tidepools and the Gloucester rocky shore. Ascidiella aspersa has been observed at the Gloucester,Manchester and Salem docks in 2005 and 2006, but not in 2004.Codium fragile is growing in the rocky shore areas of Gloucester and Marblehead, aswell as attached to docks in Salem. Sagartia elegans is consistently found at Hawthorne CoveMarina, but one must look closely for this small purple anemone. Another introduced anemone,Diadumene lineata, has colonized several floats at the Manchester Marina’s where blueStyrofoam appears to be a poor attachment substrate for many other species. This orange stripedanemone is also present at Hawthorne Cove Marina. Green Crabs (Carcinus maenas) are found atevery shore and dock. Asian Shore Crabs (Hemigrapsus sanguineus) are also found at everyshore, but less frequently on dock floats.With the invaluable help of its citizen volunteers, SSCW hopes to be able to sustain datacollection for the long-term and provide data that can be integrated with scientific data toenhance the understanding of marine introduced species impacts on local marine habitats. No“potential” invaders have been detected over the last three years in the SSCW evaluation sites,but its trained citizen volunteers will continue to be on the lookout to assist in early detection ofnew marine invaders.34

Slide 1Salem Sound CoastwatchMonitoring EffortsSlide 4Asian shore crabCommitted to enhancing andprotecting the environmentalquality of Salem Sound and itswatershedClub tunicateGreen crabTunicates & lacy crust bryozoansBarbara WarrenExecutive Director, Salem Sound CoastwatchRegional Coordinator, Massachusetts Bays ProgramCodium fragileSome of the introducedspecies we began to see!Slide 2 Adopt-a-Tidepool Program – started in 2000Slide 5Volunteers monitortidepool diversitythrough ongoingspecies inventory.All species presentare recorded.6 of eachSlide 3We found something new!Marine Invasive Species:Slide 6Marblehead Pier – 2004 – 2005- 2006•Botrylloides violaceus – Orangesheath tunicate•Botryllus schlosseri – Golden Startunicate•Styela clava – Club tunicate•Membranipora membranaceacovering the kelp5 of 14 possible35

Slide 7Marblehead Rocky – 2004 - 2006Slide 10Hawthorne Cove Marina – Salem•Codium fragile – Green fleeceMultiple docks.•Carcinus maenas – Green crab•Hemigrapsus sanguineus – Asian shore crab•Botrylloides violaceus – Orange sheathtunicateWhere does onemonitor?•Botryllus schlosseri – Golden Star tunicate•Membranipora membranacea – lacy crustbryozoan•Littorina littoriea – common periwinkleIssues:levels of effort,randomness,repeatability,representativenessBotryllus schlosseri – Golden Star tunicate found in June 2006but not on the annual inventory in August7 of 14 possibleSlide 8Salem - Palmer Cove - 2006•Codium fragile – Green fleece•Carcinus maenas – Green crab•Botrylloides violaceus – Orangesheath tunicate•Botryllus schlosseri – Golden Startunicate7 of 14 possible•Styela clava – Club tunicate•Membranipora membranacea –lacy crust bryozoan•Littorina littoriea commonperiwinkleSlide 11Salem Rocky tidepools – 2004 - 200610 of 14 possible•Ostrea edulis – European oyster•Didemnum sp. – Mystery colonial tunicate•Sagartia elegans – purple anemone•Diadumene lineata – orange striped anemone•Codium fragile – Green fleece•Carcinus maenas – Green crab•Hemigrapsus sanguineus – Asian shorecrab•Ascidiella aspersa – Tunicate•Botrylloides violaceus – Orange sheathtunicate•Botryllus schlosseri – Golden Startunicate•Diplosoma listerianum – Diplosomatunicate•Styela clava – Club tunicate•Membranipora membranacea – lacycrust bryozoan•Littorina littoriea common periwinkleSlide 9Hawthorne Cove Marina – 2004 – 200610 of 14 possible•Ostrea edulis – European oyster•Hemigrapsus sanguineus – Asian shore crab•Didemnum sp. – Mystery colonial tunicate•Littorina littoriea common periwinkle•Codium fragile – Green fleece•Carcinus maenas – Green crab•Ascidiella aspersa – Tunicate•Botrylloides violaceus – Orangesheath tunicate•Botryllus schlosseri – Golden Startunicate•Diplosoma listerianum –Diplosoma tunicate•Styela clava – Club tunicate•Sagartia elegans – purple anemone•Diadumene lineata – orangestriped anemone•Membranipora membranacea –lacy crust bryozoanSlide 12Beverly Pier – 2004 - 2006•Botrylloides violaceus – Orangesheath tunicate•Botryllus schlosseri – Golden Startunicate•Diplosoma listerianum –Diplosoma tunicate•Styela clava – Club tunicate•Membranipora membranacea –lacy crust bryozoan•Didemnum sp. – Mystery colonial tunicate – found in 2005 September training workshop.5 of 14 possible Hydroids andNudibranches36

Slide 13Beverly Lynch Park – 2004 - 2006Slide 16 Manchester White Beach – 2004 – 2006Black Beach – 2006•Carcinus maenas – Green crab•Hemigrapsus sanguineus –Asian shore crab•Botrylloides violaceus – Orangesheath tunicate•Botryllus schlosseri – Golden Startunicate•Membranipora membranacea –lacy crust bryozoan•Littorina littoriea commonperiwinkleOur training site - high exposure to children - high wave energy areaAnnual Inventory – same species found at each beachon August 13, 2006•Carcinus maenas – Green crab•Hemigrapsus sanguineus – Asian shore crab•Botrylloides violaceus – Orange sheath tunicate•Membranipora membranacea – lacy crust bryozoan•Littorina littoriea common periwinkleWhite Beach: largebiodiversity, such assea urchins,dog winkles,nudibranches,lots of knotted wrack,and more.Slide 14Manchester Marina Pier – 2004 - 2006Slide 17Gloucester State Pier – 2004 –2005- 2006Annual Inventory on August 17, 2006•Diadumene lineata – orange stripedanemone•Carcinus maenas – Green crab•Botrylloides violaceus – Orange sheathtunicate•Botryllus schlosseri – Golden Star tunicate•Membranipora membranacea – lacy crustbryozoan# Ciona intestinalisNO Molgula manhattensis•Hemigrapsus sanguineus – Asian shore crab•Ascidiella aspersa – Tunicate•Botrylloides violaceus – Orange sheathtunicate•Botryllus schlosseri – Golden Star tunicate•Styela clava – Club tunicate7 of 14 possible•Membranipora membranacea – lacycrust bryozoanMolgula manhattensis& brown scumPresent on July 24, 2006•Styela clava – Club tunicatePresent on September 8, 2006•Ascidiella aspersa – Tunicate6 of 14 possibleSlide 15 Manchester Marina Pier – 2004 – 2006June 2004 – 2 MIS presentBotrylloides violaceusSytela clavaNo M. manhattensisSeptember 2004 – 4 MISpresent Plus Molgulamanhattensis•Ascidiella aspersa•Botrylloides violaceus•Botryllus schlosseri•Styela clavaDock transects – 2 sitesMay 2005 – no MIS presentNo M. manhattensisAugust 18, 2005 – 5 MISpresent Plus Molgulamanhattensis•Ascidiella aspersa•Botrylloides violaceus•Botryllus schlosseri•Membraniporamembranacea•Diadumene lineataJune 2006 – 1 MIS presentDiadumene lineata – orangestriped anemonePLUS M. manhattensisAugust 17, 2006 the sameSept.18, 2006 – 4 MISpresent + M. manhattensis•Ascidiella aspersa –Tunicate•Botrylloides violaceus –Orange sheath tunicate•Botryllus schlosseri –Golden Star tunicate•Diadumene lineata –orange striped anemoneSlide 18Gloucester – 2004 Western Harbor2005 2006 Fort Stage Park•Ostrea edulis – European oyster•Carcinus maenas – Green crab•Hemigrapsus sanguineus – Asian shorecrab•Botrylloides violaceus – Orange sheathtunicate•Membranipora membranacea – lacycrust bryozoan•Littorina littoriea common periwinkleMarLIN37

Slide 19Dive Reports from the Easy Diveroff Cape Ann -Manchester, Gloucester and RockportIn 51 dives – May – Oct. 2006• 42 x Botrylloides violaceus (82%) – Orange sheath tunicate(10 to 45- foot depth)Slide 22Orange or Red Sheath Tunicate(Botrylloides violaceus)• 28 x Codium fragile (55%) – Green fleece• 21 x Botryllus schlosseri (41%) – Golden Star tunicate• 13 x Didemnum sp. (26%) – Mystery colonial tunicate• 10 x Diplosoma listerianum (20%) – Diplosoma tunicate• 2 x Styela clava (4%) – Club tunicate• 2 x Ostrea edulis (4%) – European oyster (Niles Beach, Gloucester)Found everywhere:Intertidal and subtidal areas,Small to large colonies• 1 x Carcinus maenas (2%) – Green crab (5-foot depth)Slide 20Green and Asian Shore CrabsSlide 23Green Crab (Carcinus maenus)Present every where, except Beverly dock andGloucester State PierStar Tunicate(Botryllus schlosseri)Asian Shore Crabs (Hemigrapsus sanguineus)Present at all rocky intertidal locations.LocationAsian to GreenManchester W hite Beach 4 to 1Black Beach 1.95 to 1Beverly Lynch Park 1.38 to 1Salem Pickering Pt. 1 to 2.5Gloucester Harbor 1 to 4.7Marblehead Harvard St. 0 to 16Found at all docksAnd at every rocky intertidalExcept at ManchesterWhite and Black BeachesA.MartinezCal Academy of SciencesSlide 21SEA SQUIRTSClub Tunicate(Styela clava)Tough competitor for spaceSlide 24“Mystery” ColonialTunicate(Didemnum sp.)Found at every dock.Less frequent in rocky intertidal,but found in Gloucester atStage Fort Park and in Salemtidepools at Winter Island.Only on 2% of the Easy Diver dives•Possibly introduced from the Pacific,currently NH to CT•Subtidal•Attaches to rocks, docks, lines, etc.NOT Found at docks, tidepoolsor rocky intertidal,But found on 26% of Easy Diver divesoff Cape Ann:Rockport at Gully Point, Gap Headand Dead Light at Thacher IslandWHOIWHOIA.Martinez38

Slide 25European Oyster(Ostrea edulis)Slide 28Challenges to Citizen Science MIS MonitoringIdentification can be difficult (even for experts).Must keep it simple and provide ongoing training and oversightUniversita degli studu FerraraConfusion between spongesand colonial tunicatesDidemnum sp.MarLINNOT Found at docks, tidepools or rocky intertidal.But found off Niles beach on two dives.Empty shells are found regularly on Salem beaches.In 2004, one recording of 7 at Gloucester’s Western Harbor.Molgula manhattensis? Molgula spp.?New invader - Corella eumyota?To be determined by Dissection - DNASlide 26Green Fleece (Codium fragile)Slide 29Challenges (cont’d)Small specimens found at SalemDocks: Palmer Cove and HCM.Found in Salem tidepools.• Other Species identificationdifficulties: organisms growing overand around othersA.MartinezFound in rocky intertidal atGloucester’s Stage Fort Park,Marblehead Harvard St.,probably at extreme low tide.Easy Diver found on 55% of divesAt Kettle Island, Norman’s Woe Rock, Lanesville• Abundance estimates difficult• More practice/experienceand more data collected,better the results.• Continued supervisionMay change community composition,structure and functionSlide 27Chinese Mitten Crab(Eriocheir sinensis)Slide 30Challenges: Funding and ReportingWhat are the questions?R. GoughVeined Rapa Whelk(Rapana venosa)What is driving themonitoring?• Funding? / Research question?Reporting criticalNO New Invaders detected.The DATA:Volunteer monitors are on thelookout!Public outreach….R. Gough•Completeness of data sheets• Data entry and management istime intensive (1000’s of records)39

Slide 31Contact: Salem Sound Coastwatch978-741-7900Check out our Marine Introduced SpeciesResource

North and South Rivers Watershed AssociationSara P. Grady, Ph.DSouth Shore Regional Coordinator, Massachusetts Bays National Estuary ProgramWatershed Ecologist, North and South Rivers Watershed AssociationE-mail: Phone: 781.659.8168During the late spring and early summer of 2006 we surveyed nine docks and five intertidal siteswithin the North and South Rivers Watershed. Five invasive species were found among theeleven sites surveyed – Lacy crust bryozoan (Membranipora sp.), Common periwinkle (Littorinalittorea), Orange striped anemone (Diadumene lineata), Green crab (Carcinus maenas), andAsian shore crab (Hemigrapsus sanguineus). The North and South Rivers have fewer invasivespecies present compared to other regions such as the North Shore and Cape Cod, as well assome of the busier harbors of the South Shore. Invasive tunicates are present in Plymouth,Duxbury, and Scituate Harbors but are completely absent from the North and South Riverssystem. One explanation for the minimal presence of invasives in the North and South Riverscould be the influence of salinity. Although some invasives were found in locations along theriver that experience salinities lower than32ppt, none were found in locations with salinitieslower than 15ppt. The North and South Rivers also have a lack of large boat traffic, a majorvector of invasive species transport.41

Slide 1Volunteer Invasive SpeciesMonitoring in the North andSouth Rivers WatershedSlide 4AttendedtrainingVolunteersParticipatedin surveysConsistentparticipationSara P. Grady, Ph.D.North and South Rivers Watershed EcologistMassachusetts Bays Program South ShoreRegional Coordinator1313 (7 new)8 (2 regulars)Slide 2NSRWA Monitoring HistorySlide 5PEGDocksIntertidal• Water quality monitoring since 1994 –Riverwatch Program• Participation in MA Riverways Adopt-A-Stream• Some smaller monitoring projects –macroinvertebrate sampling, South RiverInitiative, road salt intrusionCHLTRNSMLDAMTRDFTHTRISEABBYREXBDL• Wanted to expand to monitor marine invasivesSlide 3MBP South Shore RegionSlide 6Methods• NSRWA regional partner for Mass. BaysProgram• Able to share knowledge with otherregions – North Shore (Salem SoundCoastwatch)• Methods, data sheets, and “groundwork”in place• Based on Salem Sound Coastwatchprogram– Dock survey (transects)– Intertidal survey (quadrats)• New to our program– Inventory survey (presence/absence)– Surface complexity42

Slide 7Surface complexitySlide 10Salinity tolerance• Could have an effect on:– Settlement preference– Density (more surface area per m 2)• Measured using lengths of chain1.41 m1.80 m= 1.27• C. maenas – min. 4 ppt (Cohen and Carlton1995)• H. sanguineus – min. 10 ppt (Gerard et al. 1999)• B. schlosseri – min. 16 ppt (Lambert andLambert 2003)• B. violaceus – min. 26 ppt (Lambert and Lambert2003)Dependent on temperature and rate of salinitychange, color morphs (crabs)1.41 m 1.80 mSlide 8Site surface complexitySlide 11SiteRexhameThird CliffFourth CliffPeggotty BeachBeadle’s RocksMean roughness(± SE)1.0 ± 0.21.0 ± 0.21.1 ± 0.11.2 ± 0.21.3 ± 0.1Range1.0-1.01.0-1.11.0-1.31.0-1.61.0-2.0Complexity did not end up being a factorSlide 9Estuarine gradientSlide 12DocksIntertidal• Presence/absence, abundance,distribution• Influenced by salinity?• Expect some species to be more tolerantthan others of:– Daily variation in salinity– Minimum salinityInvasive speciesX43

Slide 13DocksSlide 16“Relatively pristine”• Native algae andinvertebrates typical ofmarine/estuarinehabitat• Increased diversityand abundance closerto mouth of estuary• Invasives present- Membranipora atSea St.• Invasives present on docks outside mouthof river (Cohasset, Scituate, Duxbury,Plymouth)• Why so few inside N. and S. Rivers?– Salinity effects– Lack of boat traffic– Lack of quality substrate- L. littorea grazingmost seaward docksSlide 14Intertidal SurveysSlide 17Acknowledgements• 15 species/categories of algae– 3 green, 7 brown, 5 red– No invasive algae found• 7 species of native invertebrates• 5 species of invasive invertebrates– Lacy crust bryozoan (Membranipora sp.)– Common periwinkle (L. littorea)– Orange striped anemone (D. lineata)– Green crab (C. maenas)– Asian shore crab (H. sanguineus)• CZM Marine Monitoring Grant Program• Massachusetts Bays Program• Salem Sound Coastwatch• Dock owners in watershed• Volunteers, especially the very dedicatedones!Slide 15• Membranipora sp. –coverage, (1 = 0.1-3%, 2 = 4-10%• L. littorea – densitycategories (1 = Rare, 2 =Uncommon, 3 = Common, 4 =Abundant)• All others – counts groupedinto exponential bins (1 = 1, 2= 2-3, 3 = 4-7, 4 = 8-15, 5 =16+)44

Results from new MIMIC members: Cape Cod Natural History Museum & WellfleetBeth SuedmeyerInvasive Species Specialist, Massachusetts Office of Coastal Zone ManagementEmail: Phone: 617.626.4921In 2006, volunteers and staff from 4 organizations received training in monitoring for marineinvaders as part of the Marine Invaders Monitoring and Information Collaborative (MIMIC).The organizations from Cape Cod and the North Shore were: Cape Cod Museum of NaturalHistory, MassAudubon Wellfleet Bay Sanctuary, Northeastern University Marine ScienceCenter, and Americorps Cape Cod. Preliminary data gathered during summer 2006 through theefforts of volunteers from the first two groups listed will be covered in this presentation. Weappreciate the efforts of these volunteers and their coordinating organizations. We anticipate thenetwork will continue to grow in the future. Long term data collection is the goal of this projectso that we can be better equipped to detect change in species distribution and diversity over time.45

Slide 1MIMIC Kick-off: Summer 2006Slide 4Volunteer Trainings Summer 2006 Typical training agenda:– Introduction to issue and methods– Introduction to species (live specimens if possible)– Field demonstrations of methods (coordinate cobblehabitat with low tide if possible)Expansion of the Network&Generation of Preliminary Datafor Cape CodGroupCape Cod Museum of NaturalHistoryWellfleet MassAudubonSanctuaryNortheastern Marine ScienceCenterCape Cod AmericorpsTrainingDateJuneJulyJuly~10~10~10September~30TrainingNumber ActivelyAttendeesMonitoring4 –summer interns2 - volunteers4 - coopsTo be determinedSlide 2Northeastern Univ.Marine Science CenterTrainingsMassAudubonWellfleet SanctuarySlide 5Stage Harbor Marina Docks,Chatham Floating Dock Monitored July and August Water temp 68-7070˚F No salinity measured Wide variety of fouling organismsCape CodAmericorpsCape Cod Museumof Natural History 3Northeastern Univ.Marine Science CenterSites MonitoredSlide 6Sesuit Harbor, East Dennis Overall mapMassAudubonWellfleet SanctuaryCape Cod Museumof Natural History Intertidal, , small pebblesubstrate and againstjetties/rip rap Monitored July, August Water temp 70-7676˚F No salinity measured Periwinkles, barnacles,common slipper shellscommon46

Slide 7Town Cove, EasthamSlide 10Dead Man’s s Fingers Intertidal, , small pebblesubstrate Monitored July, August, andOctober Water temp 66-8282˚F No salinity measured Filamentous algae, Rockweed,Barnacles, Periwinkles, Mudsnails common Salt marsh vegetation ribbedmussels in some quadsMIT Sea GrantSlide 8Salt Pond, EasthamSlide 11Common Periwinkle Intertidal, , small pebblesubstrate Monitored August andOctober Water temp 62-6666˚F No salinity measured Ulva sp. (sea lettuce)and other algaecommon substrate.Goddard and AceRobert BuchsbaumSlide 9 Data sheetssubmitted to CZMand entered intodatabase. Will transition toonline system nextyear. Data presented hereare only theintroduced speciesfound inplots/transectsmonitored (noinventory has beendone)Data collectedSlide 12Robert BuchsbaumAsian Shore Crab47

Slide 13Green CrabSlide 16Sea Grapeseagrant.uconn.eduRobert BuchsbaumSlide 14Lacy Crust BryozoanSlide 17Orange (Red) Sheath TunicateA. MartinezCopyright © 2005 Mary Jo Adamscalacademy.orgSlide 15Club TunicateSlide 18Golden Star

Slide 19Didemnum TunicateSlide 22Next StepsDann Blackwood Final revisions to the Volunteer Monitoring Guidewith SSCW Continue to develop online data entry, mappingsystem in collaboration with MIT Sea Grant Include species profiles and identification tools(natives and introduced species) Expand network and capacity to supportcoordinating groups.Slide 20Diplosoma TunicateSlide All participating groups and coordinators:Barbara from SSCW; Emily, Tracy, and Nicole atNE MSC; Barbara and Beth at CCMNH; Sara atNSRWA; Robert and Maryann with MassAudubon Jay and Charles at CZM NEANS, MA AIS Working Group and USFWS All the volunteers who make this possibleSlide 21Conclusions & ChallengesNo new introductions detected, no real surprises! Identification – need more resources for speciesidentification Verification / Submission of samples Data submission / Data entry / Quality control Maintaining volunteer interest49

Results from new MIMIC members: Nahant’s Marine InvadersNicole MacRaeOutreach Assistant, Northeastern University Marine Science CenterEmail: Phone: 781.581.7370 x 338 or 321After a brief personal introduction, the presentation will introduce Northeastern University’sMarine Science Center as well as its three components, education, outreach and research. Thepresentation will familiarize the audience with monitoring locations and commonly found marineinvasive species in Nahant and at Lynn Docks. Lastly, the presentation will review graphs andobservations on marine invasive species of Nahant.50

Slide 1Nahant’s Marine InvadersSlide 4•Established in 1967•23 acres at East PointNicole MacRaeOutreach ProgramMarine Science CenterNortheastern UniversitySlide 2Presentation OutlineSlide 5Marine Science Center• Brief introduction to Marine ScienceCenter (MSC)• Locations of invasive monitor project• Introduce common invasive species ofNahant• Review graphs• ConclusionsThree main components:ResearchEducationOutreachSlide 3Where is the Marine ScienceCenter?Slide 6Canoe BeachEast PointNahant, MA51

Slide 7Canoe BeachSlide 10Common Invasive SpeciesRandom quadrat method040 o 24.198N070 o 54.381WNWSWNESE• Nahant’s RockyIntertidal Shore• Mobile fauna• Carcinusmaenas– Green crabSlide 8Seaport Landing MarinaLynn, MAPoint-contact transect methodSlide 11Common Invasive Species• Nahant’s RockyIntertidal Shore• Mobile fauna• Hemigrapsussanguineus– Asian shorecrabSlide 9Common Invasive SpeciesSlide 12Common Invasive Species• Nahant’s RockyIntertidal Shore• Mobile fauna• Littorina littorea– Commonperiwinkle• Lynn Docks/subtidal• Sessileorganisms• Styela clava– Club tunicate52

Slide 13Common Invasive SpeciesSlide 16Rocky Intertidal InvasiveSpecies• Lynn Docks/subtidal• Sessileorganisms• Botrylloidesviolaceus– Orange sheathtunicateAvg. Individual Count perQuadrat504540353025201510505013. 0.25 0.75 0.51.2500.5August September OctoberCarcinus maenasHemigrapsus sanguineusLittorina littoreaDiadumene lineataMonthSlide 14Common Invasive SpeciesSlide 17Dock Monitoring: Protected #20-20cm 20-40cm 40-60cm 60-80cm• Lynn Docks/subtidal• Sessileorganisms• Botryllusschlosseri– Golden startunicateAug.Sept.Oct.Botrylloides violaceusBotryllus scholsseriSlide 15Other Invasive SpeciesSlide 18Dock Monitoring: Exposed #40-20cm 20-40cm 40-60cm 60-80cm• Membranipora membranacea• Codium fragile• Didemnum sp.• Diadumene lineataAug.Sept.Oct.Botrylloides violaceusBotryllus scholsseriStyela clava53

Slide 19ConclusionsSlide 22Action ShotRocky intertidal invasive speciesL. littorea is the most prominent invasivespecies.Although the abundance of C. maenasis higher than H. sanguineus, the graphsupports the idea that H. sanguineusmay outcompete C. maenas.Slide 20Conclusions (cont.)Slide 23Dock/ subtidal invasive speciesB. violaceus appears to be thedominating invasive species ofprotected sides of docks.Invasive tunicates are less abundant inareas of high disturbance.Slide 21In the Future• Monitor the ecological relationshipbetween C. maenas and H. sanguineus• Find a better way to quantify pointcontactdata54

Validation Study of Citizen Science and Implications for Regional Monitoring NetworksDave DelaneyDepartment of Biology, McGill UniversityEmail: Phone: 514.398.1833Approximately 1,000 volunteer citizens assessed the presence of invasive (Carcinus maenas andHemigrapsus sanguineus) and native crabs within the intertidal zones of seven coastal states ofthe U.S., from New Jersey to Maine. Identification of crab species and determination of thegender of the observed crabs were documented at all 52 sites across a 725-km (4.26o latitude and6.68o longitude) coastal transect. Using quantitative measures of accuracy and reliability of datacollected by citizen scientists, significant predictors of accuracy were determined and eligibilitycriteria were set. Students in grades three and seven had the ability to differentiate betweenspecies of crabs with over 80% and 95% accuracy, respectively. Determination of gender of thecrabs was more challenging and accuracy exceeded 80% for seventh grade students, while 95%accuracy was found for students with at least two years of university education. We used the datacollected by citizen scientists to create a large-scale standardized database of the distribution andabundance of the native invasive crabs. Hemigrapsus sanguineus dominated the rocky intertidalzone from Sandy Hook, New Jersey to Boston Harbor, Massachusetts while C. maenasdominated the northern extent of the sampled coastline. A citizen scientist of this monitoringnetwork detected a range expansion of H. sanguineus. We identified obstacles to creating anational monitoring network and proposed recommendations that addressed these issues.Abstract from the paper: “Validation of Citizen Science and Implications for Regional Monitoring Networks” byDavid G. Delaney and Corinne D. Sperling, Department of Biology & School of Environment, McGill University,Montreal, Canada, and Christiaan Adams, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, MIT Sea Grant College Program,Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA, and Brian Leung55

Slide 1Validation of Citizen Scienceand Implications for RegionalMonitoring NetworksSlide 4Sites Monitored for Invasive Species:Without Volunteers / With VolunteersDavid G. Delaney*, Corinne D. Sperling,Christiaan Adams, Brian Leung et al.(MarineID MIT RAS) (Delaney et al., In Review)Slide 2Goal and Step-wise PlanGoal:• To optimally monitor and manage invasivespecies with given real-world limitationsThree steps to achieve the goal:1. To increase the amount of personnel2. To validate the abilities of the personnel3. To create a central and complete databaseSlide 5Validation Study of Citizen ScienceExperimental Design• Study Area: 52 Sites in 7coastal state (New Jersey toMaine)• Number of Participants: Over1000 Ages: 3 to 78 Education: PhD to pre-Kindergarten• Independent variables: Age, Group size, educationand size of the Crab• Dependent Variables Ability to accurately identify:• Species• GenderStatistics: Logistic Regression Randomization Program50 464845● ●●●● ● ● ●●●●● ●ME39VT3647334243324441NH2928● ●●●● 30 31 34 35 37 38 40NY27●● ● 26242522MA 23●●212017● ● ● ● ● ●19CT RI181614 151312 109 N8 11● 76NJ1 2 3 4 50 25 50 100 150 200Kilometers525149Slide 3Study OrganismsEuropean Green CrabAsian Shore Crab(Carcinus maenas)(Hemigrapsus sanguineus)Slide 6P valuesResultsOver 80% Accuracy:• Minimum of 3rd GradeeducationOver 95% Accuracy:• Minimum of 7th GradeeducationMost citizen scientistscan monitor accuratelyThe crabs invasive ranges is denoted in red(USGS NAS)56

Slide 7Map of Citizen Science DataSlide 10Shipping as a Global Vector(Dybas 2004)Slide 8Previous and Current NorthernRange LimitSlide 11Global Database in Google Earth?50474645434142SchoodicPeninsulaMount DesertIslandNMoores Harbor,Isle Au HautKilometers0 5 10 20 30 40Slide 9Aggregation of DatabasesSlide 12Areas Monitor for Invasive Species:Without Volunteers / With Volunteers= Other detection events by otherdatabases than the USGS one= Absence Data57

Slide 13Slide 16QuestionsHow effective is a volunteer monitoring network?Has citizen science been completely validated?How important are citizen scientists to monitoringmarine introduced species?How do we make citizen science sustainable?Is collaboration or coordination more importantand which is harder to achieve and implement?What is the optimal method for early detection?What techniques work best for surveys byvolunteers?What is the best organizational structure forcitizen monitoring networks?What are the ultimate goals of citizen science?Slide 14Slide 17AcknowledgementsTo the 1,700 plus people who havehelped my research and/or newmonitoring network in some way.Slide 15Importance of the Project Insufficient resources• Personnel• Equipment• Time & area to be search Overcoming data scarcity Raising awareness Early detection has been shown toincrease chances of eradication ofinvasive speciesSlide 18Presence/Absence Data of theAsian Shore Crab (ASC)New England and New York Area= Presence of ASC = Absence of ASC58

The Marine Invader Tracking Information System (MITIS)Christiaan AdamsResearch Engineer, MIT Sea Grant College ProgramEmail: Phone: 617.253.9311MIT Sea Grant is developing the Marine Invader Tracking Information System (MITIS). It willbe a resource for non-native marine species programs throughout the northeast and beyond.MITIS is a collection of websites, databases, and geographic information systems (GIS)applications that allows those collecting species sighting data, including scientists, volunteers,and others, to enter the data through a simple website, and then to view the data online in variousformats, including tables and interactive maps. The data will also be integrated with outsidesystems such as NISbase and Google Earth. As-of October 2006, MITIS is under construction,with a selection of data entry sites operational, and more coming online soon.59

Slide 1mitISMarine Invader TrackingInformation SystemChristiaan AdamsMIT Sea GrantNEANS Workshop, NE Aquarium, October 23, 2006Slide 4Origins… Hitchhikers Guide• Postcards & Web forms Rapid Assessment Surveys• Paper forms to Access Database• Mapping website(s) MarineID & MIDI Salem Sound Coast Watch Divers CSI MISMO NISbase10/23/2006 MIT Sea Grant - mitIS 4Slide 2Making Data Useful Scientists and Volunteers collect data Where does it go? Where is it stored? Who uses it? How do they get access to it? What do they use it for?Slide 5Hitchhikersguide to exotic species Submissions: Post Cards Web form Verification10/23/2006 MIT Sea Grant - mitIS 210/23/2006 MIT Sea Grant - mitIS 5Slide 3Ideally, we want:Slide 6Rapid Assessment Surveys Access Database Online Data Entry forms Databases for storage Data retrieval Online queries, tables & downloads Online Maps (interactive) Web Services (maps, data)10/23/2006 MIT Sea Grant - mitIS 310/23/2006 MIT Sea Grant - mitIS 660

Slide 7Rapid Assessment SurveysSlide 10NISbase Online Maps:10/23/2006 MIT Sea Grant - mitIS 710/23/2006 MIT Sea Grant - mitIS 10Slide 8MarineID and MIDISlide 11Combining them all into… Data Tables Maps SpeciesProfiles10/23/2006 MIT Sea Grant - mitIS 810/23/2006 MIT Sea Grant - mitIS 11Slide 9Citizen ScientistsDiversSlide 12mitIS Data Contributors include: MIMIC database Hitchhikers database RAS database Diver database Central Database Online Queries for sightings and factsheets Interactive Web Mapping Web Services10/23/2006 MIT Sea Grant - mitIS 910/23/2006 MIT Sea Grant - mitIS 1261

Slide 13Doneso far…Slide 16 Web ServicesEventually MIMIC DataEntry pages: Visit Site Contact Observations Photo Upload10/23/2006 MIT Sea Grant - mitIS 1310/23/2006 MIT Sea Grant - mitIS 16Slide 14Doneso far…Slide 17LinksMITIS: HitchhikersData Entry page: Massbay server (hitchhikers, RAS, crabs,etc.) NISbase: http://www.nisbase.org10/23/2006 MIT Sea Grant - mitIS 1410/23/2006 MIT Sea Grant - mitIS 17Slide 15To Do… Diver data entry page Move species profiles from MIDI Finalize Central Database Publish Query and Data pages Link to NISbase Interactive mapping of data WMS and Google Earth services10/23/2006 MIT Sea Grant - mitIS 1562

Round Table Discussion: Past Experiences and Future ExpectationsPanelists: Barbara Warren, Sarah Kirn, Dave Delaney, Beth Suedmeyer, Thomas LandryModerator: Charles HernickNOTES:Volunteers are up to the task of identifying almost any species with confidence. In fact, manyvolunteers feel rewarded by being given the opportunity to identify challenging species andbecome experts themselves.Volunteers appreciate knowing that their data will be used and not just sit on a shelf.There needs to be more attention and coordination at the regional, national, global scales. Thisworkshop is a step in the right direction.There should be a stronger link between taxonomic experts and volunteer monitors. Such a linkcould help with validation.A significant challenge for monitoring for Marine Invasive Species (MIS) is the fact that themost important data point is the ZERO POINT where the species are not present in an area.Unfortunately for monitoring efforts, it is no fun to see zero of what you are looking for.Somehow we need to keep better track of the zero’s.With respect to invasive species in general, the natural science has captured the threats andpotential impacts. From an ecology standpoint, we know what we need to strive for. The missinglink is the social science. Strengthening the social science aspect will help with applying what isknown into more effective action – we need to figure out how to make this happen.Do citizen monitoring efforts face two opposing goals? On the one hand, having many happyvolunteers making observations of various quality, on the other, having only fewer well trainedvolunteers making valid, scientifically sound observations? The experience so far indicates thatthis might be a false choice.It is difficult for the public to be aware of MIS because they are underwater. Few people getto/into the water and even fewer get under the water. This is why the land invasive speciesmovement is further ahead. For this reason, MIS efforts need to go beyond the invasive speciesissue and focus on ecosystem health. Specifically how MIS are detrimental to coastal ecosystemhealth.Region specific species profiles and identification resources would be helpful.It seems that it will always be difficult to balance monitoring efforts that are flexible enough toserve local needs/interests with being standardized to a degree that data can be compared andrigorous enough that it can be used by scientists and academics.63

Citizens Monitoring for Marine Invasive Species: A Regional Approach to Covering the CoastOctober 23, 2006 - New England AquariumParticipant ListLast First Affiliation Email PhoneAdams Christiaan MIT adamscs@MIT.EDU 617.253.9311Albert Marc National Park Service 781.231.7339Auker Linda Department of Zoology UNH 814.931.8303Baker Jason MA Office of Coastal Zone Management 617.626.1204.Bash Chris Salem Sound Costwatch 978.745.7639Beck Eric US EPA New England 617.918.1606Blume Emily Northeastern University Marine Science Center 781.581.7370 x 338Brown Caroline URI Watershed Watch & Woonasquatucket River Watershed Council 401.349.4419Calhoun Fred Salem Sound Costwatch 978.525.3432Carman Mary WHOI 508.289.2987Cole Ekberg Marci Save The Bay - Narragansett Bay 401.272.3540 x 113Comeau Christine Narragansett Bay National Estuarine Research Reserve - RICoudill Frances Salem Sound Coastwatch 978.526.7459Cute Kevin RI Coastal Resources Management Council 401.783.3370Deacutis Christopher Narragansett Bay National Estuarine Research Reserve - RI 401.874.6217Delaney Dave McGill University 617.770.0483Dijkstra Jennifer University of New Hampshire, 603.862.3647Durfee Elizabeth NH Coastal Program 603.559.002864

Last First Affiliation Email PhoneEllis Stephanie Salem Sound Coastwatch 978.741.7474Enterline Claire MA Office of Coastal Zone Management 617.626.1096Forman Orth Jennifer UMass Boston Department of Biology jennifer.forman@umb.eduGasowski Carl Landmark School 978.236.3328Gittenberger Adriaan National Museum of Natural History (Leiden, Netherlands) 31611381083Glaub Gretchen AmeriCorps Cape Cod 508.375.6974Grady Sara North and South Rivers Watershed Association 781.659.8168Griswold Carolyn National Marine Fisheries Service Carolyn.Griswold@NOAA.govHadlock Seeley Robin Shoals Marine Laboratory 607.539.7897Hajduk Tracy Northeastern University Marine Science Center t.hajduk@neu.eduHalbett Cindy Electric Insurance Company 978.524.5518Hanlon Peter Massachusetts Bays Program 617.626.1230Hernick Charles MA Office of Coastal Zone Management 617.626.1218Herron Elizabeth URI Watershed Watch Program 401.874.4552Hoagland Elaine NOAA/NCCOS/CCMA BioGeo Group elaine.hoagland@noaa.govKelly Carolyn Salem Sound Costwatch 978.526.0052Kirn Sarah Maine Vital Signs vs@gmri.orgLandry Thomas Prince Edward Island, Fisheries and Oceans Canada LandryT@dfo-mpo.gc.caLevesque Al Salem Sound Costwatch 978.745.8013Levesque Mary Salem Sound Costwatch 978.745.8013Lipsky Andrew USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service 401.822.8842Lovell Sabrina US EPA 401.782.968965

Macrae Nicole Northeastern University Marine Science Center n.macrae@neu.eduMcHan Chris Northeastern University 321.689.7902Pryor Don Brown University - CES 401.863.1322Raczko Mary Boston Harbor Islands NPS 617.223.8596Rhinelander Jeanne Salem Sound Costwatch jcrrhino@aol.comRobertson Deborah Clark University debrobertson@clarku.eduRyan David Salem Sound Costwatch 978. 526.7155Scanlon Judith Orleans Volunteer Monitoring Coordinator 508 255.1763Smith Jan Massachusetts Bays Program 617.626.1231Spence Heather 202.361.6511Stephenson Elizabeth Maine Coastal Program - State Planning Office 207. 287.4120Styles Jennifer Volunteer Center of RI - Land and Water Conservation Partnership 401.421.6547 x 110Suedmeyer Beth MA Office of Coastal Zone Management Wagner Kristin Narragansett Bay National Estuarine Research Reserve - RI 401.683.1478Waniga Miles NH Coastal Program 603.559.0028Warren Barbara Salem Sound Costwatch 978.741.7900Weber Scott New England Aquarium 617.973.0227Weinstein Capt. David Island Alliance 617.218.8938West Jen Narragansett Bay National Estuarine Research Reserve - RI 401.683.6780 x 6Westerman Erica Univeristy of New Hampshire - Zoology Department 603.862.3647Winslow Sigurd Orleans Water Quality Monitoring-Volunteer sigurdw@bellatlantic.netYing Wei Brown University 401.451.0399Last First Affiliation Email Phone66

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