Members of the Advisory Council on International Affairs

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Members of the Advisory Council on International Affairs

2.9.2 Research bureauThe Riksdag does not have any research bureaus ong>ofong> its own. It does have a Research Servicewith a staff ong>ofong> around 30, but this does not perform any research ong>ofong> its own. TheResearch Service is more in ong>theong> nature ong>ofong> a service facility, collecting facts and figuresfrom existing files and publications for members ong>ofong> ong>theong> House ong>ofong> Representatives.2.9.3 Defence research bureauThe Riksdag does not have any defence research bureaus ong>ofong> its own. There are certainresearch institutes that ong>theong> Swedish parliament can use, however, ong>theong> main ones being ong>theong>Defence Research Establishment (FOA) and ong>theong> National Defence College (FHS). There isalso ong>theong> Aeronautical Research Institute (FFA), which is due to merge with ong>theong> FOA in 2001,but which does not perform ong>theong> type ong>ofong> research described in ong>theong> questions listed in ong>theong>introduction. All three institutes fall under ong>theong> authority ong>ofong> ong>theong> Ministry ong>ofong> Defence.The research performed by ong>theong> FHS is designed to form part ong>ofong> an academic process, toprovide a basis for teaching at ong>theong> College. Research projects must be beneficial to teachingand may not overlap with studies being performed at oong>theong>r Swedish teaching establishments.The College has a staff ong>ofong> eleven prong>ofong>essors and assistant prong>ofong>essors, with about25 postgraduate students working on ong>theong>ir doctoral ong>theong>ses. Security policy and strategyforms one ong>ofong> its main focal areas.The FOA has a staff ong>ofong> 1,000 (ong>ofong> whom 700 are scientists with university degrees). It performsresearch and publishes reports. It is geared largely towards technical research andconcerns itself only to a limited degree with policy issues. The FOA’s services may be commissionedon a fee-paying basis. The armed forces are its biggest customer (accounting for62% ong>ofong> its revenue). The Riksdag does not appear on its list ong>ofong> customers, although ong>theong>Ministry ong>ofong> Defence does (accounting for 19% ong>ofong> revenue). It has an annual budget ong>ofong> NLG155 million.2.9.4 Independent research studies in connection with major government contractsThe Riksdag does not seek advice from independent research institutes.2.9.5 Independent research institutesThe best known Swedish research institute is, ong>ofong> course, ong>theong> Stockholm International PeaceResearch Institute (SIPRI). Its research work centres on issues ong>ofong> peace and conflict in ong>theong>broadest sense ong>ofong> ong>theong> word. The SIPRI was founded in 1966 in commemoration ong>ofong> ong>theong> factthat Sweden had ong>theong>n been free from war for a period ong>ofong> 150 years. The SIPRI gets most ong>ofong>its funding from ong>theong> Swedish parliament.Universities also perform research into security and defence issues.Whilst ong>theong>re are no direct links between ong>theong> Riksdag and ong>theong> FOA, ong>theong> FFA and ong>theong> FHS, ong>theong>former is free to use ong>theong> services ong>ofong> ong>theong> latter institutes.2.10 Spain2.10.1 Parliamentary committeeThe Spanish parliament has a permanent defence committee that deals with defenceissues.14

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