Between the Tag and the Screen - Arkitektur- og designhøgskolen i ...

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Between the Tag and the Screen - Arkitektur- og designhøgskolen i ...

B E T W E E N T H E T A G A N D T H E S C R E E NTo analyse the results, the study used research from a wide area of fields,including design, HCI and psychology. In particular, the use of activitytheory has helped me develop a theoretical approach that has made it possibleto analyse technology in relation to designing as an activity. The jointpractical and theoretical procedure has resulted in a better understanding ofSR-RFID and a stronger theoretical framework concerning materials indesign practices. The dominant insights are summarised in the followingsections structured with reference to the initial three research questions:1. How may SR-RFID be presented to support industrial andinteraction designing?2. In what way may we re-conceptualise new computationaltechnologies as material for design?3. How may we better understand the use of materials in industrialand interaction design?1. NEAR-FIELD MATERIAL DESCRIBES DESIGN-RELATED ASPECTS OF SR-RFIDTo answer the first research question, I have proposed near-field material as anew conceptualisation of SR-RFID geared toward supporting designactivities. Near-field material offers a large set of form-making motivational,instrumental and operational affordances. Together, the affordances make upa new understanding of key properties unique to SR-RFID-related formmaking.Through this study, it became evident that SR-RFID consists of multipledifferent components, each individually formable. For instance, SR-RFIDcovers radio transmitters, various output modules and different casings forantennae. Due to this, we may consider SR-RFID as a design material withan unclear boundary. This makes it hard to analyse the technology as amaterial with specific properties.To overcome this problem, RFID material was reduced to the essential partsdesigners shape into their designs. This led to the definition of near-fieldmaterial, which consists of radio fields generated by SR-RFID technologyand their interaction. These fields are the basis for SR-RFID-driveninteractions and a cornerstone for designer conceptualisation of SR-RFIDrelatedforms.Near-field material is expressed further through a set of operational,instrumental and motivational affordances. The motivational affordancesprovide a top-level overview of the different forms offered by near-fieldmaterial. The instrumental affordances provide models that explain theworkings of each form-making quality. Finally, operational affordances show100

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