Between the Tag and the Screen - Arkitektur- og designhøgskolen i ...

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Between the Tag and the Screen - Arkitektur- og designhøgskolen i ...

B E T W E E N T H E T A G A N D T H E S C R E E NDESIGN RESEARCH METHODSSeven main methods were selected and used in analysing SR-RFID bydesign. These were: 1) Collaborative design, 2) Self and group reflection, 3)Deconstructing SR-RFID, 4) Creating models, 5) Documentations of SR-RFID-related phenomena, 6) Visual tools for analysis and 7) Creatingprototypes. I now present each of these briefly.1. Collaborative designThe process of research by design has been informed by both first- andsecond-person perspectives (Sevaldson, 2010). The first-person perspectivedeals with the practicing designer, while the second-person perspective dealswith collaborations.By participating in the design collaboration, I got a firsthand perspective onthe design process. In doing so I got an inside view on how SR-RFID wasunderstood by the collaborating group. I was also able to insert findings fromthe analytical work into the planning and carrying out of the design briefs.The most important collaboration happened during informal meetings, orworkshops, where the designers and engineers could discuss and elaborateupon the various concepts and ideas we encountered in the project. In suchmeetings, the participants made notes and sketches, ones that were usedwidely during the collaboration. In addition, the collaborative processes wereconstructed as ad-hoc meetings to discuss, elaborate on and evaluateindividual contributions; they were seldom carried out over extensiveperiods. Communications between the participants were often mediatedthrough mail that enabled us to discuss different solutions and to shareproduction material. The collaborations were also organised around a seriesof design briefs that were formed by the design group. These were carried outover various time spans depending on the complexity of the design goals.Most of the design processes were completed in two to four weeks.Sketches, images, notes and renderings were gathered from the processes ofcollaborative design. The results of the process were discussed incollaboration and led to the formation of new plans for further designing.2. Self- and group reflectionDuring the design processes, attention was sometimes given to how SR-RFIDwas used in the design process. These reflections were carried out by theauthor or in collaborative discussions inside the group of designers. We maysee this in relation to breakdown and focus shifts (Bødker, 1996).Breakdowns refer to work being interrupted by something, and focus shiftsrefer to user-initiated perspective changes on the work. The focus shifts andbreakdowns accounted for the continuous change between the design objectof solving a design brief and the research object of understanding and50