Emergency Food Security Assessment Handbook - WFP Remote ...

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Emergency Food Security Assessment Handbook - WFP Remote ...

chapter 3Conceptual frameworkof an EFSAAn EFSA may be undertaken in response to a rapid- or a slow-onset emergency.In either case, food and nutrition security is analysed to determine the nature ofthe risks faced by individuals and households.This section explains three core concepts – livelihoods, food security and nutrition– and examines these within the Food and Nutrition Security ConceptualFramework presented in Section 3.4.3.1 Livelihoods 43.1.1 Livelihood componentsLivelihoods are defined in the Sphere Standards as: “Livelihoods comprise thecapabilities, assets (including both material and social resources) and activitiesrequired for a means of living linked to survival and future well-being.” See:“Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Disaster Response”, The SphereProject, Geneva, 2004.An EFSA examines the livelihoods of households and individuals, and the ways inwhich these withstand problems or shocks. Analysis of livelihood security beginswith examination of household assets and livelihood strategies.Box 1.1: Assets and strategiesAn asset can be defined as “anything that is considered valuable or useful, such as askill, a quality, a person, etc.” 5 In the Sustainable Livelihoods Framework, assets aredefined under six categories:• human: health and nutrition status, physical capacity, skills, level of education, etc.;• social: household, gender, kinship and other networks, community groups, values andattitudes, etc.;• financial: income, credit and loans, savings, liquid assets, etc.;_____________4. The description of livelihoods presented in this section is based on the Sustainable Livelihoods Approach(SLA). See: www.livelihoods.org/info/info_guidancesheets.html for more details.5. Chambers Compact Dictionary, Chambers Harrap Publishers Ltd, Edinburgh, UK, 2005.20 Emergency Food Security Assessment Handbook / second edition

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