IC407-Accident Prevention and Analysis


IC407-Accident Prevention and Analysis

Subject Description FormSubject CodeSubject TitleCredit ValueIC407Accident Prevention and Analysis3 Academic CreditsLevel 4Pre-requisiteObjectivesIntended LearningOutcomesIC344To help students gain an understanding of the causes of accidents, theprinciples of accident prevention and be able to apply various monitoringand analysis techniques to prevent accidents from occurring or recurring.Upon completion of the subject, students will be able to:a) analyse critical incidents and apply accident causation theories inaccident prevention;b) apply professional practices in the identification and analysis ofhazards;c) design and develop a monitoring system consisting of both active andreactive measures to identify any system deficiency and associatedcauses;d) have a basic knowledge of the purposes of accident investigation, andbe able to conduct accident investigation and compile the relatedreports; ande) develop, present and make use of loss data history and accident /incident statistics for the formulation of effective strategy for accidentprevention.IC407 - Accident Prevention and Analysis (Cohort 2011) Page | 1

Subject Synopsis/Indicative Syllabus1. IntroductionLearning from critical incidents. Review of government requirements onaccident reporting and prevention. Classification of loss incidents.2. Theories of Accident CausationReview of accidents and incidents in the principal employment sectors.Accident Causation Models (Human Factors Model, Domino Model,Epidemiological Theory, Energy Exchange Model, System Model,Behavioural Theory of Accident Causation) and their roles in accidentprevention.3. Monitoring TechniquesHazard identification and analysis techniques: Preliminary HazardAnalysis (PHA), Job Hazard Analysis (JHA), Hazards and OperabilityAnalysis (HAZOP), Failure Modes and Effects Analysis (FMEA). Safetyinspection techniques. Comparison of active and reactive monitoringtechniques. Development of active and reactive monitoring policies andprocedures to meet statutory and organisational needs.4. Accident InvestigationPurposes and principles of accident investigation. Accident investigationtechniques: handling of accident, collecting evidences, interviewingwitnesses, identifying causes and follow-up actions. Accident analysistechniques: Fault Tree Analysis (FTA), Management Oversight Risk Tree(MORT), Event and Causal Factor Analysis (ECFA). Accident reportwriting.5. Accident Recording and AnalysisDocumentation requirements related to the recording and reporting ofaccidents / incidents / ill-health. Definitions such as accident rate, severityrate, lost-time injury, and codes. Different levels of loss incidence analysis.State and enterprise levels of data collection. Statistical analysis. Workrelatedaccident costs. Presentation and publishing of loss data.LearningMethodologyBasic understanding of accident prevention and application of various hazardand accident analysis techniques will be covered in the lectures. Students willbe required to search for related literature or articles to support what they havelearnt. A site visit will be arranged for the student to conduct a safetyinspection. By relating the lecture materials with real cases, students will needto prepare an accident investigation report and present a safety analysis basedon the monitoring techniques acquired.IC407 - Accident Prevention and Analysis (Cohort 2011) Page | 2

AssessmentMethods inAlignment withIntended LearningOutcomesAssessment MethodsWeighting(%)Intended LearningOutcomes Assesseda b c d e1. Case Analyses, FieldAnalyses and ReportCompilation50 2. Examination 50 Total 100For continuous assessment:• In order achieve Outcomes a, b, and d, students are required to analyze,and to report the analyses of, established cases.• In order achieve Outcomes b and c, students are required to pay fieldvisit and conduct analysis and compile report.Written examination is to test the understanding / application of principlesrelated to Outcomes a to e.Student StudyEffort RequiredClass Contact• Lecture 28 Hrs.• Tutorial / Site Visit 14 Hrs.Other Study Effort• Coursework 60 Hrs.• Revision 18 Hrs.Total Study Effort120 Hrs.IC407 - Accident Prevention and Analysis (Cohort 2011) Page | 3

Reading List andReferencesEssential Textbook:Geotsch, David L., 2008, Occupational safety and health for technologists,engineers, and managers, 6 th Edition, Prentice Hall.Reference Textbooks:1. Kjellen, U., 2000, Prevention of accidents through experience feedback,Taylor & Francis.2. Viner, D., 1991, Accident Analysis and Risk Control, VHMS Pty Ltd.3. Ferry, Ted S., 1998, Modern Accident Investigation and Analysis, 2 ndEdition, John Wiley & Sons.4. Roughton, J.E., Mercurio, J.J., 2002, Developing an Effective SafetyCulture: A Leadership Approach, Butterworth-Heinemann.IC407 - Accident Prevention and Analysis (Cohort 2011) Page | 4

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