Volume 2 • Issue 3 • May/June 2011 Dogs


Volume 2 • Issue 3 • May/June 2011 Dogs


Volume 2 Issue 3 May/June 2011




the link to behavior issues



for dogs without boundaries


Pet Health from an Ancient Eastern Perspective

A Natural Approach to Managing Canine Arthritis

Chicago’s Trusted Source for Natural Pet Food & Supplies

N ate’s

atural Pet Supplies

At Nate’s we carry only the best all natural food and treats for your canine and feline friends. We strive

to give every customer that one-on-one service you would expect from your neighborhood all-natural pet

store. We believe that feeding your dog naturally isn’t a gimmick, it’s a lifestyle.

We Carry Only the Best All Natural Food and Treats Available

Fromm Orijen Acana Honest Kitchen

Lotus Zukes Stella & Chewy’s Halo

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Nate’s carries a large selection of USA made rawhides, bones and bully sticks

We also have a full line of frozen, freeze dried and dehydrated raw food

2501 N. Lincoln Avenue




Editor In Chief Dana Scott

Assistant Editors Julia Henriques

Ellen Kohn

Photographer Vic Neumann

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Administration Clark Griswold

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The goal of each issue of Dogs Naturally is to document

the various concepts of and approaches to

holistic dog care. Dogs Naturally seeks to support

pet owners, breeders, trainers, groomers, vets

and health care providers through education and

open communication. The goal of our editorials

is to present varying viewpoints on natural care.


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editor’s message

Rudyard Kipling once said “Buy a pup and your money will buy love unflinching that cannot lie.”

I think one of the reasons we are drawn to dogs is that they are completely and utterly honest. Dogs

are incapable of deceit and that is one of the many reasons why I like to surround myself with dogs,

and why I try to be more like them in that regard. Because Dogs Naturally celebrates the dog, it

is important to me that, like dogs, the magazine is always honest and tells the truth - but with a

wagging tail.

There are people and corporations who try to take advantage of our love for our dogs and it seems

that dog ownership is becoming more and more complicated. It is our goal to make caring for your

dog as simple and natural as possible and we will help you find honesty in a world full of deceit. We

envision Dogs Naturally as more than a magazine: it is a movement. It brings caring dog owners

together with experts who are not swayed by the large pharmaceutical companies, and advertisers

who promote alternative and natural products in place of manufactured pharmaceuticals. You can

trust us to always be truthful in the subjects we cover because you and your dog deserve the truth.

We are not here to support big business: we are here to support you.

The May issue celebrates puppies! Spring is the time to think about all things fresh and new and

what is more exciting than a new puppy or dog? Denise Theobald will teach you to use massage

on your puppies while Pamela Johnson will help you and your puppy get off to a smooth start with

easy, everyday training. Catherine O’Driscoll will help you decide how to vaccinate your puppy;

if at all. Pat Jordan will also outline some nasty consequences to vaccines you might not have

considered - and homeopathic solutions that might keep your dog happier and healthier. On the

nutrition front, Lucy Postins will talk about dietary considerations for puppies. Deva Khalsa will

also talk about environmental dangers for our dogs and how they can cause cancer. You can also

learn a little more about Bach Flowers and herbs. We also have a new column: Ask The Trainer.

You can ask your training questions and Pat Miller will give you her expert reply. We also offer

Ask The Vet, featuring Dr. Gerald Wessner. If you do not have access to a good, positive trainer or

holistic vet, consider submitting your questions to these two great columns. We are here to help.

Speaking of fresh and new, if you are new to holistic care, don’t be afraid. Dogs Naturally is a

community and you will find support not only in our pages, but on our website, blog, newsletter

and Facebook page. We are working hard to make holistic care more accessible for you. If you

feel overwhelmed or intimidated, send me a note with your concerns and we will do everything

possible to make you feel at home. A reader once commented that after reading our magazine,

she felt like she was a horrible dog owner because she fed kibble and vaccinated every three years.

Dogs Naturally is not here to judge our readers or their decisions. We are here to guide our readers

and help them on their journey to a more natural lifestyle. Everybody must progress within their

own level of comfort and you should never

feel guilty about trying to do the best you can

for your dog. What you think is best is likely

different than what you thought a couple of

years ago and a few years from now, you may

think completely different thoughts. This

only means that you are trying and learning

and that’s the best that any of us can do. If

Dogs Naturally helps you along the path, then

we are thrilled. We can’t think of a better use

of our time and efforts.


4 May/June 2011 | Dogs Naturally Magazine

DR. TEJINDER SODHI did his ECFVG certification

with the American Veterinary Association

and opened his own clinic in Lynnwood,

Washington, The Animal Wellness Center. Dr.

Sodhi is president of the first ever chapter of

Holistic Veterinarians in the state of Washington.

Dr. Sodhi is one of three physician brothers

who created Ayush Herbs in 1988, offering

formulas for people and pets.

PAMELA JOHNSON’s passion is using positive

reinforcement and clicker training to train

tricks for canine freestyle and agility, and to

solve dog behavior problems.

Pamela’s family consists of a Husky Mix (Isabelle),

Two Border Collies (Bandit & Twix),

Cat (Sabrina) and husband (Marxsen). Pamela

competes with her dogs in agility and canine

freestyle; but enjoys every waking moment

with her dogs.

Dogs Naturally Magazine | May/June 2011

LUCY POSTINS is a companion animal nutritionist

and founder of The Honest Kitchen,

a natural pet food company in San Diego, CA.

Lucy is guardian to Willow and Taro, two Rhodesian

Ridgebacks and Indian, a mischievous

rescued Coonhound. In addition to the dogs,

she also cares for two young daughters, a former

racehorse, an elderly pony and a husband.

DR. DEVA KHALSA began her holistically

oriented veterinary practice over 25 years

ago, incorporating homeopathy, acupuncture,

Chinese Herbs, nutritional advice, and allergyelimination

techniques into her approach. Dr.

Khalsa loves sharing her knowledge with the


Dr. Khalsa is a Fellow and Professor of the

British Institute of Homeopathy. She has lectured

both nationally and internationally.


PAT MILLER is a Certified Dog and Horse

Behavior Consultant and Certified Professional

Dog Trainer. She offers classes, behavior

modification services, training clinics and

academies for trainers at her 80 acre Peaceable

Paws training facility in Fairplay, Maryland,

and presents seminars worldwide. She has authored

“The Power of Positive Dog Training”

and other popular training books.

ELLEN KOHN is an Interspecies Communicator,

Healing Touch for Animals Certified

Practitioner (HTACP), Reiki Master-Teacher,

Meridian Practitioner and Spiritual Counselor.

She frequently uses Bach Flower and Alaskan

Gem essences for her clients. She is also a certified

aromatherapist and uses crystal energy

for her healing work. She is the founder of

The Kohn Foundation, a Colorado non-profit

which helps children and animals on Grand

Bahama Island, The Bahamas.




for dogs without boundaries

Volume 2 Issue 3



If your dog suffers from back pain, there

is hope with natural methods. The volunteers

at Dodgerslist discuss how they

can help you consider the options available

for your dog.


A celebration of a long life lived naturally.

The trials and tribulations of a

spunky rescue dog, aptly named Ruff.

by: Anne Venus


Part two of this article explores the effectiveness

of common training techniques

and what they really teach your dog.

by: Barry Eaton


An in-depth summary of these useful

flower essences and their symptom pictures.

This guide will start you on your

way to finding flower essences to help

your dog achieve optimal health and


by: Ellen Kohn



Learn how to massage your puppy. Not

only will it help him physically, it will

help him to accept handling, learn self

control and bite inhibition.

by: Denise Theobald, LMT, CCMT


Games and fun for you and your puppy.

Some cool ways to teach your puppy


by: Pamela Johnson

Dogs Naturally is published six times per year by Intuition Publishing.

Principle office: 5065 10th Line RR2, New Tecumseth, Ontario Canada L0G 1A0




with Dr. Gerald Wessner


Nux vomica


Kathleen Borys

KC Scottish Terriers


Training Tips for Puppies


Feeding Guidelines for Puppies


with Pat Miller


© Intuition Publishing and Dogs Naturally Magazine. All rights reserved. Reproduction in whole or

in part without written permission is prohibited.

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Postmaster: Send address changes to Dogs Naturally, 5065 10th Line RR2, New Tecumseth, Ontario,

L0G 1A0


Protecting your Puppy from Disease

Catherine O’Driscoll




Holistic Products and Services





How much of an impact can vaccines

and vaccine additives have on

your dog’s behavior?

by: Patricia Jordan DVM and

Dana Scott


Looking at Pet Health from an Ancient

Eastern Perspective.

by: Tejinder Sodhi DVM


How to identify and eliminate common

environmental toxins that can

increase the risk of cancer in your


by: Deva Khalsa DVM



Solutions to reduce pain and inflammation,

slow down degeneration,

improve and maintain joint

function, supply nutrition to the

joints, increase range of motion and

prevent muscle loss associated with


by: Julie Mayer DVM

6 May/June 2011 | Dogs Naturally Magazine







Owner: Alice Kugelman, CT

Photo by Vic Neumann

Dogs Naturally Magazine | May/June 2011




Please note that not all questions can be answered.

Ask the Vet is not a replacement for veterinary care.

Email your questions to Dr. Wessner:


I feed my dog Primal raw frozen nuggets and

I give him Enzyme Pro Plus by Great Life

I’m wondering if this is enough for him. He

is two years old and he is a Lhasa-poo male

and he weighs 14 lbs, very happy, very active,

stools are firm and small. I would like

someone’s input.

I checked out the Primal brand on the web

and was pleasantly surprised as to the quality

listed on the ingredient list. The manufacturer

is doing a great job manufacturing

this diet, so I would feel very confident my

pet was getting all the ingredients that should

make him healthy-no wonder he is very happy,

active and has good firm stools.

As usual, I like to avoid over-vaccination, use

homeopathics, herbs and nutrition to maintain

health and treat any disease and make

sure your pet gets exercise daily. Filtered

water is also a must: I prefer reverse osmosis

filtered water with 1/4 tsp. of evaporated sea

salt added per gallon of water to mineralize

the water and give an alkaline reaction in the

body. As to the question of enzymes, they

are usually added when an animal has a hard

time digesting his food. Your pet apparently

doesn’t as you mentioned the stools were firm

and small, indicating he is doing a great job

of digestion.

I have heard recently that there is a resistant

strain of heartworm coming out of Mississippi

and Louisiana. With that information,

I was also told that only Advantage

Multi would kill all filaria even of the resistant

strain. Is this factual? I do not know

whether to keep my four dogs on Sentinel or

to switch to Advantage Multi. I am in South

Carolina but dogs travel with their humans

and we have quite a long mosquito season on

the coast. Any thoughts on this as to what

is the best heartworm and flea preventative?

Thanks so much, Nancy Peeples

There is some talk about a resistant strain of

heartworms in the upper Mississippi region.

Holistically speaking, I prefer to advise my

clients to maintain a healthy immune system

in their pets by reducing or eliminating all

vaccines, feeding a species appropriate diet,

making time for adequate exercise and using

homeopathics, herbs and nutrition to maintain

good health or treat any disease. There

is a heartworm nosode available and it has

been very effective as a heartworm preventative

over the last 15 years. Along with a good

immune system, it should be effective against

the new resistant strain. We must also consider,

just like antibiotic overuse has caused

resistant bacteria to form, that resistant heartworm

may have finally adapted to decades of

drug/chemical use. My choice is to feed the

immune system, use the heartworm nosode

and keep the pet indoors during heavy mosquito


I have recently adopted a sweet rescue dog

who is a Chihuahua/Terrier mix and he

has the worst breath! His dental care had

been completed but just in case, we had him

looked again by our own vet to be sure that

he didn’t have an abscessed tooth or some

other oral infection, but everything was fine

and the vet had no idea what caused his halitosis.

He is happy and healthy in every other

way. I have noticed though that occasionally

he will ‘burp’ and I am wondering if there

may be a problem with his digestive system

and if so, is this something which I should

be concerned about? He really does have the

worst breath ever and is lucky he is so darn

cute! :) Thanks, Terri Cunningham

Bad breath can really be a perplexing problem.

First, I always check the pet for vaccinosis

and also inquire and educate people on

the over-vaccination protocols that allopathic

vets perform. Next, observation of the pet

is necessary to find out if he is licking his/

her butt. Anal gland smell is atrocious and

there is the chance that the pet is having obstructed

anal glands. I have found that if the

anal glands are a problem, we need to find the

right homeopathic for the problem and also

soaking the anal area with an Epsom salt solution

can be very soothing and helpful. If

none of the above apply, then I check to see

if both kidney and liver are functioning well

and may prescribe homeopathics and nutritional

supplements specific to the toxicity.

Lastly, I might start adding a liquid probiotic

or prebiotic to the mouth (this works well on

tartar and may reduce or eliminate dental issues)

to increase the friendly bacteria in the

mouth (probiotics in the food do not work

for dental cleaning). If nothing here works,

please call a holistic vet who is willing to work

on this problem with a similar protocol.

My 14 year old Labrador recently passed

away. We have three other dogs. The Shepherd

seems to be taking the loss the hardest.

She’s become very quiet and doesn’t want to

play. Is there anything I can do to help her

through the grieving process? - Mary Mac-


There are two homeopathics I think about

when an animal is grieving. The first is Ignatia

30C and the second is Phosphoric Acid

30C, both being given once daily for three to

five days. I can usually tell which one the animal

needs by kinesiology but if you don’t have

this luxury, start with the first and wait a week

or two and then try the second. The homeopathic

helps the pet or person go through the

grieving process. DNM

Dr. Gerald Wessner graduated from the University

of Pennsylvania and spent two years

in the U.S. Army as the Assistant Post Veterinarian.

After the army, he worked in private

practice at several race tracks and opened a

small animal practice in Pennsylvania. In

the late 70’s, Dr. Wessner started learning and

practicing acupuncture and in the late 80’s,

he started an exclusive acupuncture practice.

From 90-95 he was the State Veterinarian at

Tampa Bay Race Track in Tampa, FL and in

1995 started an exclusive homeopathic practice.

Shortly afterward, he moved the practice

to Summerfield, FL and continues to practice

there. The practice consists of both clinic hours

and phone consultations.

8 May/June 2011 | Dogs Naturally Magazine



Nux vomica

Nux vomica is an important digestive remedy and no homeopathic kit

should be without this useful polycrest.

Nux vomica mother tincture is made from the berries of the Poison

Nut tree, found in the East Indies and Northern Australia. The main

constituent of these berries is strychnine, which is very poisonous.

The Nux vomica type is hyperactive, easily stimulated, temperamental,

and is over-indulged with food, drugs or toxins, leading to a stressed

immune system. Much like a person with a hangover from over-indulgence,

dogs who might need Nux vomica tend to be irritable because

they don’t feel well. They are also sensitive to light, noise and/

or smells.

Nux vomica can be effective with both acute and more chronic conditions.

Acute cases will often be seen in dogs who get into garbage

or foul food and become sick. These dogs develop diarrhea and will

strain during bowel movements although stools will be small. There

may also be vomiting or, more often, retching and the dog will often

feel better after doing so. Overall, the dog will look to have food poisoning,

and often enough, he will. Nux vomica can also be indicated

for ‘morning sickness’ in pregnant dogs.

For acute cases, Nux vomica can be a quick and effective way to stop

the diarrhea and vomiting and moderate potencies (such as 30C), can

be given every half hour or so, until improvement is seen.

In more chronic cases, the Nux vomica dog will show similar symp-

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Dogs Naturally Magazine | May/June 2011

toms. He may have chronic digestive issues and may be sensitive to

diet changes. Quite often, these dogs have received a fair number of

allopathic drugs in their lives and Nux vomica can be used to help the

body rid itself of some of the baggage. In chronic cases, Nux vomica

can also be indicated for constipation and bloat, as well as cystitis.

The modalities for Nux vomica are better with rest and fasting. Symptoms

will also be better in wet, damp weather and in darkness.

Just like a hangover, Nux vomica dogs will often feel their worst in the

morning. The symptoms will also be worse with mental exertion or

stress, over-eating (particularly rich or cold food), touch, noise, dry

weather and cold air.

Complementary remedies include Sulphur and Sepia. In acute cases,

Arsenicum album may be considered instead if the stools are watery

and there is thirst and dehydration.

Dosing for Nux vomica is often more effective in the evening.

Nux vomica is truly one of the more useful polycrests. Not only is it

good to have on hand for when dogs get into the garbage, it can help

owners who over-indulge too! DNM


Vic Neumann

Kathleen Borys

KC Scottish Terriers

Q Tell us about your first Scottish Terrier

A Years ago, when I was living in New Jersey, I had a wonderful veterinarian

and friend, Dr. Christopher Shea. He and his wife invited us

over for dinner. When I arrived at their home, I was very taken with

their dog - a little, full-of-herself, black Scottish Terrier appropriately

named Tazmania. While I was there, she stood and watched me, obviously

sizing me up, postured as only a Scottie can, and then finally

came over and sat down next to me. I guess I passed the Scottie test - I

was hooked. The personality, attitude, intelligence and complete confidence

she radiated told me that this was the breed for me.

Several years later, a co-worker discovered a Scottish Terrier breeder in

our area. She bought two pups from the breeder and the next day, I

went to see the pups and got my first Scottish Terrier. I named her Taz

in honor of the little Scottie that got me interested in the breed. That

was in 1993. Taz was a black brindle and cute as a button. Scottish Terriers

come in many colors: black, black brindle, gray brindle and, my

favorite, wheaten.

Q Why did you become an NR breeder?

A With Taz, I did everything right: or so I thought. I was so proud

of myself; I fed the best kibble and vaccinated. I made sure I followed

all the conventional rules of good husbandry. And for the first several

months everything seemed to be fine. Then, when Taz was only eight

months old, my husband, Chuck, carried her in from the back yard –

she was having a seizure, one of many to come. I immediately took

her to the vet, and then another and another. For four years, I literally

went from vet to vet trying to find an answer, but the only answer I got

was “it’s a seizure disorder” – no cause, no cure.

I was able to provide some minor relief during her seizures using Bach

Rescue Remedy, but for the most part, we simply had to ride it out.

Then one day, in early 1997, I was again leaving a vet clinic after yet

another appointment, when an older woman overheard my conversation

with the vet tech about Taz. On my way out, the woman informed

me that the problem was that I was feeding the dog crap and that’s

why she was having seizures. She sparked my interest and I began

researching different diets. That was my first step into Natural Rearing.

After changing from commercial pet foods to a natural diet, Taz

went from 20 minute seizures every day, to about ten minute seizures

once a week. As the years went by, and I traded more and more conventional

practices for natural ones, her seizures lessened even further

until soon she had only a couple a year.

In the meantime, I got my first wheaten Scottish Terrier, Shellby. And

later on, I acquired Erin, a male stud from another breeder. I had decided

I wanted to breed Scotties and took them both to the vet to

Show Tell


Naturally reared champions inside and outside the ring.

be checked out for breeding. I had always been on the fence about

vaccines and did not bring the dogs to the vet for vaccines. The vet

and I got into a heated discussion about vaccinating. I did not have

the knowledge in those days that I do now, so I caved and allowed

him to vaccinate both dogs. Within three months, Erin had his first

seizure and was diagnosed with Insulinoma, a rare pancreatic cancer

that leads to low blood sugar and high insulin production. Erin died

14 months after his vaccinations, and Shellby’s health began spiraling

downward. In addition to thyroid disease, her overall health and vitality

steadily declined over the next several years until she ultimately

died of renal failure at the young age of ten.

Taz, Shellby and Erin had just a few too many things in common; they

were all fed chemically-laden commercial dog foods, they were all

vaccinated and they all began exhibiting illness or cancer shortly after

their vaccines.

And so I began my own research into vaccines and other chemical preventions

and treatments. I wanted to know what they were made of,

what the adverse side effects were, how and why they were administered,

and, most of all, what alternatives there were. I began reading

articles about cancer in the breed and learned that the Scottish Terrier

was especially susceptible to cancer and that 49% of Scotties were dy-

Brigid and Sam

10 May/June 2011 | Dogs Naturally Magazine


ing before the age of eight from a variety of cancers. I read studies

about the higher incidence of bladder cancer due to lawn chemicals

and fertilizers. It was then that I decided that the best way to improve

the breed was to change the way they were bred and raised.

So, I decided to do it the way nature intended. I started my own kennel,

called KC Scottish Terriers (after Kathleen and my husband Charles),

and began my search for a sire and dam to start naturally rearing Scotties.

I wanted a “clean” sire and dam, but knew that I would have

to find them through a conventional breeder or breeders who would

agree to sell me the dogs without vaccinating them. I found two longtime

breeders who would honor my wishes and also bred excellent

Scotties. And so began KC Scottish Terriers!

Q How did you start a Natural Rearing breeding program?

A Sam and Darby became my foundation bitch and stud, but I had

read enough about inherited vaccinosis and other issues with conventionally

bred dogs to know that I would need to radically change

the way these dogs lived and reproduced. My first order of business

was to hire a homeopath in order to get them as physically healthy

as possible. So, I hired a well-known, exceptionally gifted homeopath

to get the dogs into as a close to perfect condition as I could. For the

next two years, I learned how to care for dogs using totally natural

methods. I continued to feed a species appropriate diet. Although we

did not use chemicals around our property, I now began using totally

natural household cleaners and became increasingly diligent in reading

labels on products. I turned to natural immune support and natural

means for eliminating parasites.

Q Tell us more about Scottish Terriers – do they make good pets –

what is their job?

A Scottish Terriers make great pets, but require a certain environment

with a special kind of owner. They have to be allowed the time

and room to run and be dogs. They are bred to be diggers and if you

can’t accept that, then you are going to have a problem.

They are an extraordinarily intelligent breed and they have an interesting

and keen sense of fairness about life in general. They think about

things and you can see them processing information. They will do

Dogs Naturally Magazine | May/June 2011

what is reasonable - no more and no less. They excel in activities in

which they have a defined job and a challenge, like earth dog trials,

agility and other sports. They are determined and focused and they

never cease to amaze and entertain me.

Q Tell us about your involvement in helping others with Natural Rearing

A As part of my research over the years, I joined several forums on

health issues in dogs and began to learn about natural animal husbandry.

As I got deeper and deeper into Natural Rearing and met

more like-minded people, I found areas of learning that were short on

good practical information. Several people asked me to start a Natural

Rearing group for breeders and pet owners who wanted the complete

package and that led me to begin the Yahoo group AuNaturelK9s. We

began the website aunaturelk9s.com a short time later.

The group is a place for committed, like-minded folks to gather and

discuss every aspect of Natural Rearing. The website provides information

on Natural Rearing (raw feeding, vaccines, holistic health care,

etc.), as well as spotlighting NR breeders, NR success stories, and resources

for further learning. We have an NR breeder directory that is

free for our breeders to advertise their kennels and we have an available

stud dog page and a page for new litters.

Later, we realized that there were many folks out there who were just

learning different aspects of NR and needed help starting their journey.

And so, we created the Yahoo group RawK9s to help beginners

learn about raw feeding their dogs.

I felt that people might need more individualized help, so we began a

very successful mentoring program where people new to raw feeding

are paired with a long term raw feeder to give them one on one advice

and support. Many of the members of AuNaturelK9s (breeders and

pet owners) who have been NR for decades have volunteered their

time for this great cause. In addition, I mentor several people off-list

who have dogs with health issues, particularly those with Scottish Terriers.

Q What are your plans for the future?

A Hopefully to bring in another litter or two – but I won’t do that

until I have confirmed Natural Rearing owners waiting for the puppies.

One of my goals would be to mentor a young person who wants to

naturally rear Scottish Terriers. As far as I know, I am the only fully

NR Scottish Terrier breeder – obviously we need more if we want the

breed to improve. Natural Rearing, to be successful, requires us to

have several generations of dogs who are bred and raised following

these protocols. It will not happen in just one generation. So if you are

out there reading this, I’m waiting.

Q What is your advice for new breeders?

A Natural Rearing is not accepted with open arms by the vast majority

- even though it is older than time itself. Natural Rearing is not a

magic bullet; it will not fix a line in the first generation although the

progeny will certainly be more vital and healthy. It can take up to five

generations to clear a line of inherited problems from chemical damage.

Happily, there are many Natural Rearing breeders out there who

are more than willing to mentor. Find a breeder in your chosen breed

to have as a mentor. You have to believe in what you are doing with all

that you are - you cannot waver. Always keep this one thought in your

mind at all times – It’s not about us, it’s about the dogs. DNM


Oliver was the kind of dog you could instantly

fall in love with. He was a mediumsized

mixture of, well, a lot of breeds, but the

end result was a brown-spotted dog with an

angelic little face that no human could resist.

On the outside, he appeared to be the kind of

dog that would happily grab life by the horns;

on the inside however, he was tortured and


Oliver started his life with humans when he

and his litter mates were picked up as strays.

What his experiences with humans were prior

to his rescue is largely unknown, although he

likely did not have much opportunity for socialization

because the puppies were all fairly

skittish around people. Oliver and his siblings

were given a home, a veterinary consult, and in

a very short time, he was neutered, vaccinated,

treated for parasites and adopted by a doting

woman who immediately hung the moon on

the little dog.

Sadly, Oliver’s story does not end there. It soon

became apparent that Oliver carried some

heavy baggage from his time on the streets

is there a link between


and in the shelter. He was sound sensitive, aggressive

toward humans and aggressive toward

other dogs. In fact, Oliver reacted quickly and

aggressively to anything that appeared out of

order in his very limited little world. Oliver did

not believe in due notice; unlike most dogs, he

did not give any warnings before he chose to go

on the offensive, and he soon met any uncomfortable

situation with a deftly delivered bite.

By the time Oliver had found his way into a

Growly Dog class, he had accumulated quite

the extensive resume of people and dogs he had

bitten. Oliver was one frightened and paranoid

little dog who chose not to run away, but to bite

first and ask questions later.

Despite his owner’s enthusiasm and compliance,

Oliver floundered in Growly Dog class.

He defied the laws of learning and continued

to bite both strangers and the people who loved

him. He was becoming a danger not only to the

people and dogs around him, but to himself;

Oliver was stressed and it was only a matter

of time before both his health and his attitude

were compromised. After exhausting every av-

by: Patricia Jordan DVM and Dana Scott

enue of training, Oliver’s owner made the

grim decision that the best way to help Oliver

would be to end his short and tragic life. Oliver

was scheduled to be euthanized.

Oliver was taken to a Homeopathic vet for what

his owner thought would be his last car ride.

Once they arrived, the vet began asking questions

about Oliver, such as what he was fearful

of, when he was fearful, and what unique

quirks defined his personality and day-to-day

life. To his owner’s shock, the vet then asked

if she would give Oliver one more chance. She

cautiously agreed and prayed that she was not

getting her hopes up, only to have them dashed

again. Oliver was diagnosed with rabies vaccinosis

and sent home with homeopathic remedies.

Three weeks later, Oliver became the dog he

was meant to be, inside and out. He was much

less sensitive to noises and sudden movement,

he sought out human and dog interactions and

his bite incidence went down to virtually zero.

Oliver was well again.

12 May/June 2011 | Dogs Naturally Magazine

What makes Oliver’s story unique is not that he suffered such mental

anguish; what makes it unique is the fast and definitive end to his suffering.

It might seem that stories like Oliver’s are rare and sadly, the happy

endings are indeed rare because too few dogs with behavior problems

are treated at the root of the problem. Too many vets and pet owners

fail to connect the dots between vaccinations and behavior, especially

as the onset of symptoms can be insidious - even though the damage

is definite.

At first glance, it might be a stretch to think that vaccination can cause

changes in behavior. It has long been believed that the immune system

and brain were worlds apart, effectively separated by what is known as

the blood-brain barrier. The cells that make up the walls of blood vessels

called capillaries are woven together more tightly in the brain than

elsewhere in the body, preventing proteins and cells from entering the

brain. Scientists believed that this barrier effectively protected the brain

from blood-born toxins, viruses and bacteria. Now, though, it is becoming

clear that antibodies, molecules and even immune cells often

get through, sometimes with radical effects. In fact, immune cells do not

even need to reach the brain to influence it.

“It used to be thought that the immune system and the nervous system

were worlds apart,” says John Bienenstock of McMaster University in

Hamilton, Canada. Now it seems the immune system, and infections

that stimulate it, can influence our moods, memory and ability to learn.

Some strange behaviors, such as obsessive compulsive disorder, may be

triggered by infections, and the immune system may even shape basic


“It used to be thought that the immune

system and the nervous system

were worlds apart,” says John

Bienenstock of McMaster University in

Hamilton, Canada. Now it seems the

immune system, and infections that

stimulate it, can influence our moods,

memory and ability to learn. Some

strange behaviors, such as obsessive

compulsive disorder, may be triggered

by infections, and the immune system

may even shape basic personalities.”

Every vaccine has two components: the actual virus that you’re seeking

to elicit an immune response to, such as Parvovirus, and an immune

adjuvant, which enhances the immune response and is typically made

from a variety of highly toxic compounds including aluminum, MSG,

and mercury. Adjuvants are added to boost the immune system, or to

make it react as intensely as possible for as long as possible.

Dr. Russell Blaylock MD warns: “Studies have shown that these adjuvants,

from a single vaccine, can cause immune over-activation for as

long as two years. This means that the brain microglia remain active

as well, continuously pouring out destructive chemicals. In fact, one

study found that a single injection of an immune activating substance

could cause brain immune over-activation for over a year. This is very


Dogs Naturally Magazine | May/June 2011


Aluminum is capable of not only traveling directly to the brain and accumulating

there, but it increases the permeability of the blood-brain

barrier. Aluminum presents a serious bio-security breach, acting as a

Trojan Horse and allowing the viruses, mercury and antigens to freely

enter the central nervous system.

Aluminum can also have a direct influence on the brain. In humans,

Alzheimer’s disease is strongly related to aluminum. In these patients,

the brain is shrunken with a loss of neurons. Postmortem examination

also shows bundles of material tied up in the nerves called plaques and

the greater the number of plaques, the greater the degree of dementia.

Chemical analysis shows an aluminum core at the root of each plaque.

Despite its widespread use in vaccines, aluminum has been known to

be neurotoxic to animals since 1885. It has recently been shown to produce

a degeneration of nervous tissue in cats and rabbits that resembles

the plaques found in human patients with Alzheimer’s disease.

Although we perceive dementia to be a normal part of the aging process,

it is not. Research at UC Davis in California suggests as many as

39 percent of aging dogs have at least one sign of dementia. The affected

dogs were found to have the same plaques seen in Alzheimer’s patients.

Leading immunologist Hugh Fudenberg MD, says that humans who received

five flu vaccinations between 1970 and 1980 are ten times more

likely to get Alzheimer’s Disease than those who had only one or two

shots. Fudenberg attributes this to aluminum and mercury, which almost

every flu vaccine contains. The gradual accumulation of aluminum

and mercury in the brain leads to cognitive dysfunction.


Thimerosal is a mercury-based preservative which is nearly 50% mercury

by weight. Thimerosal was first introduced in vaccines by Eli Lilly

in the 1930’s. Thimerosal is a very inflammatory neurotoxin and genetic

mutator and Pittman Moore Animal Pharmaceutical Company warned

against its safety “even in dog serum” to Eli Lilly Company in 1935. Pittman

Moore found that over 50% of vaccinated dogs suffered inflammatory

reactions to Thimerosal.

These safety issues were raised in Congressional testimony several times

and the correspondence from Pittman Moore to Eli Lilly is a part of

Congressional Hearings testimony on the dangers of mercury in vaccines.

Despite this, Thimerosal is still used as a preservative in a staggering

number of vaccinations for both humans and dogs.

In a 2008 study, Macaques were given the recommended infant vaccines

and researchers measured their development, cognition and social

behavior. Compared to the unvaccinated control group, the vaccinated

Macaques showed significant neuro-developmental deficits and aberrant

social and non-social behaviors, mimicking the abnormalities of

autism (Pediatric Vaccines Influence Primate Behavior, and Amygdala

Growth and Opioid Ligand Binding Friday, May 16, 2008: IMFAR ).

The causal connection between Thimerosal and the brain pathology associated

with autism was also found in a 2009 study (A Mitochondrial

Dysfunction, Impaired Oxidative-Reduction Activity, Degeneration,

and Death in Human Neuronal and Fetal Cells Induced by Low-Level

Exposure to Thimerosal and Other Metal Compound). The Thimerosal

caused cellular toxicity and both studies showed significant mitochondrial

dysfunction, reduced cellular oxidative-reduction activity, cell degeneration,

and cell death. It is likely no coincidence that one child in

six in the U.S. is learning disabled and one out of every hundred suffers

from autism.


Most dogs undergo a much more extensive vaccine schedule than children

and it is largely unknown how many suffer from the same learning

and developmental disabilities because there is no reporting system in

place. Even with a satisfactory reporting system for vaccine reactions,

few vets and fewer dog owners would view behavior issues as a vaccineinduced


In addition to being a direct neurotoxicant, Thimerosal may also be an

immunotoxicant, leaving the immune system vulnerable to dangerous

microbes and other external influences. In 2006, a team of cell biologists

at UC Davis published a study connecting Thimerosal with disruptions

in antigen-presenting cells known as dendritic cells, obtained

from mice. Dendritic cells play pivotal roles in overcoming viral and

bacterial invaders by coordinating the immune system’s overall combat

response. One dendritic cell can activate as many as 300 white blood

cells (which help find and kill external agents that attack the immune

system), making them the most effective immune system activators.

The sensitizing effect of Thimerosal is well documented in human studies,

showing an ability to create systemic autoimmunity and to accelerate

or aggravate spontaneously occurring autoimmune conditions. In

1999, the U.S. Public Health Service and American Academy of Pediatrics

jointly called for the removal of Thimerosal from U.S. vaccines

“as soon as possible.” Since 2001, Thimerosal has been replaced by the

much less toxic compounds, like 2-phenoxyethanol (2-PE) in human

vaccines but is sill found in virtually all animal vaccines.


People who are chronically ill often get depressed; depressed people are

prone to a variety of medical illnesses; and pro-inflammatory cytokines

can alter mood and promote illness. Vaccination stimulates the release


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of cytokines and other inflammatory prostaglandins. In the brain, these

substances increase cortisol production.

In a study published in the journal Hormones and Behavior, researchers

at Concordia University and the Centre for Research in Human

Development studied “the relationship between cortisol levels in young

people with problematic behavior such as aggression or depression, and

the length of time since the onset of these behaviors,” explains Paula

Ruttle, lead author and PhD candidate at Concordia’s Department of

Psychology. “Cortisol levels were abnormally high around the time

problem behaviors began”.

A 2008 study revealed that vaccinated animals exhibited progressively

severe chronic active inflammation, whereas unexposed animals did

not (Microarray Analysis of GI Tissue in a Macaque Model of the Effects

of Infant Vaccination Saturday, May 17, 2008 IMFAR). Although

cytokines are too large to pass freely through the blood-brain barrier,

recent studies have shown that they can enter through naturally occurring

leaky regions and via specialised channels. They can also affect

nerves that transmit signals into the brain. There is growing evidence

that cytokines associated with inflammation can cause depression.


Dr. Jean Dodds has identified a definite link between modified live vaccines

and hypothyroidism in dogs (and hyperthyroidism in cats), and

estimates that 80% of hypothyroidism is autoimmune in nature. Typical

clinical signs of hypothyroidism include unprovoked aggression toward

other animals and/or people, sudden onset of a seizure disorder in

adulthood, disorientation, moodiness, erratic temperament, periods of

hyperactivity, stunted attention span, depression, fearfulness and phobias,

anxiety, submissiveness, passivity, compulsiveness, and irritability.

A similar association between hypothyroidism and behavior has been

well documented in humans.

Interestingly, most behavioral problems in dogs develop in adolescence

– the age group that is the most heavily and frequently vaccinated.

Catherine O’Driscoll’s Canine Health Concensus found that 70% of vaccinated

dogs developed a reason to go to the vet within three months of

vaccination. The rate of physical or behavioral damage from vaccines

appears to be considerable.


To most people, the term vaccinosis elicits visions of sudden and severe

reactions in their dogs including seizures, skin eruptions or encephalitis.

For homeopaths, vaccinosis can have a very different meaning and

a very different presentation. To homeopaths, vaccinosis is a form of

Sycotic Miasm.

In Hahnemann’s words, the true natural chronic diseases are those that

arise from a chronic Miasm, which when left to themselves or improperly

treated, go on to increase, growing worse and tormenting the patient

to the end of his life. A Sycotic Miasm is a hypersensitive response,

such as tumors and allergies, to something that happened in the dog or

person’s life.

Dr. Richard Pitcairn explains vaccinosis as follows: “...vaccinosis is the

establishment of, instead of the acute natural disease, a chronic condition

which now has the time to develop a multitude of manifestations

not ordinarily seen. Another way of saying this is that the process of

laboratory modification of a viral disease to make a vaccination strain is

the conversion of the disease from acute to chronic. The virus has been

14 May/June 2011 | Dogs Naturally Magazine

changed so that its natural tendency to arouse a strong response is gone.

Instead it can be introduced into the body in a form that does not elicit

much of a reaction. The result is the establishment of a chronic disease

that has never been seen before in clinical practice.”

Canine Distemper in the acute form can result in epileptic seizures and

encephalitis, meaning that dogs vaccinated for Distemper may have a

more chronic form of seizure-related aggression. Lyme Disease also has

the ability to rewire the brain and affect personality, so vaccination for

this disease may also result in chronic neurologic and behaviour issues.

Perhaps the most incriminating vaccine is Rabies. According to Dr. Pitcairn,

the chronic form of Rabies includes a restless nature, mistrust of

strangers, aggression, aloofness, fear of being left alone, tendency to escape

confinement and roam, tendency to hysteria when restrained, selfmutilation,

excessive tendency to bark, destructive behavior, seizures,

increased sexual desire and sexual aggression. Chronic Rabies carries

quite a long laundry list of increasingly common behavioral issues.

The good news is, by avoiding vaccination, you can avoid the Miasm.

The bad news is, Miasm is somewhat ‘genetic’ in nature, meaning that

your dog can carry the toxic baggage from his parents, grandparents,

or even great-grandparents. This could explain why some breeds are

more susceptible to auto-immune disorders and to vaccine-induced

behavior issues. In Vaccinosis and Its Cure by Thuja with Remarks on

Homeoprophylaxis, J. Compton Burnett, M.D observes that people who

are most susceptible to contracting the disease being vaccinated against

are more likely to die when they do come in contact with it. In other

words, rather than protecting some individuals as planned, vaccination

actually makes them more susceptible. The vaccination, having created

a chronic disease ahead of time, can predispose the patient to a more

serious natural illness which combines with the established vaccinosis.


There are homeopathic solutions available for dogs suffering from vaccine-induced

illness and behavior issues. Dr. Richard Pitcairn states:

“Thuja is the most important remedy to be used for that state induced

by vaccination. Other remedies noted to have this correspondence are

Sulphur, Mezereum, Malandrinum, Sarsaparilla, Carcinosin, and Silicea

among others.

“Malandrinum and Carcinosin are interesting remedies because both

are nosodes — the former from horses with “grease heel” and the latter

from a cancerous discharge from a human being. Thuja, Mezereum,

and Sarsaparilla are vegetable remedies — Thuja from the Arbor vitae

tree, Mezereum is known as Spurge olive, and Sarsaparilla is an herbal

medicine. Sulphur, the element and Silicea, which is silicon dioxide or

quartz, are mineral remedies. Thus we have representations from all the

major remedy classes.

“It gradually dawned on me that the underlying problem in some of my

difficult cases was a state of illness that had been induced by vaccination.

So, rather than simply use a totality of symptoms to choose my

prescription, I found it more effective to emphasize the rubric “Vaccination,

effects of ” almost to the exclusion of other remedies. In this way, I

was able to make progress in some very frustrating clinical situations.”

It is important to note that, although useful, homeopathic remedies will

not reliably erase all symptoms of vaccine damage. Given the inherent

dangers in vaccines, the best approach is to avoid them altogether – and

when this is not possible, to vaccinate as minimally and intelligently as

Dogs Naturally Magazine | May/June 2011

possible. Before vaccinating your dog, you must realistically weigh the

risks of vaccinating as opposed to not vaccinating. Vaccination may

reduce your dog’s risk of acute disease, but will increase his risk of not

only behavior issues, but chronic auto-immune diseases including cancer

and allergies.

Thankfully for Oliver, his story ended happily with the introduction of

the proper homeopathic remedy. For every happy outcome, there are

countless dogs who suffer the stress and anxiety associated with vaccine

damage. We often see the symptoms on the skin or in the bowels and, as

difficult as it is for some people to view these issues as vaccine-induced,

it is ten times more difficult for them to see their dog’s behavior issues

as vaccine-induced.

Behavior issues have become so predominant in dogs that we just view

them as normal dog behavior; just the same as we view hot spots or digestive

upsets as natural occurrences. It is important to recognize that

a truly healthy dog is healthy inside and out and that includes his body,

mind and soul. If you suspect your dog has a vaccine-induced behavior

issue, have him treated by a qualified classical homeopath. Remember

that even if he has not been vaccinated, he could be carrying the burden

of the mistakes made on his ancestors in the form of a miasm. In the

hands of a good homeopath, there is no longer any need for dogs like

Oliver to suffer without hope. DNM

Patricia Monahan Jordan is a graduate of the North Carolina College

of Veterinary Medicine. She practiced conventional veterinary medicine

for twenty years and founded six different veterinary facilities in North

Carolina. Dr. Jordan has traced the paths of immunopathology to vaccine

administration and uncovered the cycle of disease and the endless cycle of

disease management that results from vaccine administration. Dr. Jordan

can be reached at www.dr-jordan.com.



Looking at Pet Health from an Ancient Eastern Perspective

by: Dr. Tejinder Sodhi

India’s Ayurveda, meaning “science of life,” (from the Sanskrit veda for

“science” and ayur for “life”) is perhaps the oldest system of holistic

medicine, originating in 6,000 BC.

Though human westerners have increasingly looked to the healthy wisdom

that Ayurveda offers, few are aware that their animals and pets

can benefit just as much from the alternative, natural supplements and

lifestyle practices as they can.

As mentioned in ancient Ayurvedic texts, early veterinary medicine focused

on animal welfare, treatment therapies, management and surgery.

Sali Hotra was the first to be credited as an animal healer and wrote

Ayurveda Materia Medica in veterinary medicine.

Ayurvedic herbs and modality have been in use for thousands of years

with safety and efficiency proving its track record. Though most Ayurvedic

products are based on body energetics, to the western mind, it

should be clear that most Ayurvedic herbs are well researched with basic

and clinical research. Combinations of herbal products balance the energetics

of other herbs leading to a balanced product.

What’s Your Pet’s Body Type (Prakriti)?

If you own a dog, you may be accustomed to referring to it as large, medium

or small. But in Ayurveda, body types are more complex than that.

Body typing is a unique concept in Ayurvedic medicine, based on the

five elements theory. Determining your pet’s body type allows you to

learn how to create balance in their mind, body and spirit, thereby allowing

your pet to achieve and maintain optimal health. Moreover,

when your pets are functioning at optimal levels, they benefit not only

themselves, but also the world around them. Your pets affect the people

and places around them in a positive way. Indeed, your pets’ well-being

has a great effect on everything and everyone they come across.

In individuals and pets, the five elements manifest as the Tridosha. Dosha

means “protective,” or, when out of balance, “disease-producing.”

The Tridosha are the three humors, or metabolic forces that make up the

mind and body. They are called Vata, Pitta and Kapha.

Vata = Ether + Air

Pitta = Fire + Water

Kapha = Water + Earth

At the time of fertilization, permutations of Vata, Pitta and Kapha determine

the constitution of any living being. These three metabolic forces

control all biological, psychological, and physiopathological functions

of the body, mind, and consciousness and have subtle properties. These

forces determine personality traits, and physiological structure, with the

influence of gender and other important factors such as diet, lifestyle,

behavior, emotions, seasons, and so on.

The unique individual constitution produces natural urges and individual

tastes in food, flavor and temperature. The doshas govern the

maintenance and destruction of bodily tissue and the elimination of

waste products. They are also responsible for psychological phenomena,

including emotions of fear, anger, and greed as well as the highest order

of emotions: understanding, compassion, and love.

Functions of the Tridosha

A balance of the dosha is necessary for optimal health. The doshas increase

by similar properties and are diminished by the opposite ones.

For example, Vata is dry, light, and cold; so any food, medicine, or behavior

that increases these qualities will increase Vata within the body.

Conversely, oily, heavy, or hot factors will decrease Vata.

Together, the doshas govern all metabolic activities; anabolism (Kapha),

catabolism (Vata), and metabolism (Pitta). There can be up to ten different

constitutions, depending upon the permutation and combination

of Vata, Pitta and Kapha. The combination of the three humors remains

unchanged throughout a pet’s lifetime but can respond to environmental

changes such as diet and lifestyle, thereby providing the opportunity

for the pet to maintain health or compromise it.

16 May/June 2011 | Dogs Naturally Magazine

Ten Dosha Combinations

Vata Pitta-Vata

Pitta Pitta-Kapha

Kapha Kapha-Pitta

Vata-Kapha Kapha-Vata

Vata-Pitta Vata-Pitta-Kapha


Vata is considered the leader of the three Ayurvedic Principles in the

body. Vata governs all movement in the mind and body. It controls

blood flow, elimination of wastes, breathing and the movement of

thoughts across the mind. It’s very important to keep Vata in good balance.

The related elements are Air and Ether.

Common characteristics of pets who have a predominantly Vata constitution:

Mental quickness

Highly intelligent

Quick to learn and grasp new knowledge, but also quick to forget

Slenderness; lightest of the three body types

Runs and walks quickly

Tendency toward cold paws, discomfort in cold climates

Excitable, lively, fun personality

Changeable moods

Irregular daily routine

Variable appetite and digestive efficiency

High energy in short bursts; tendency to tire easily and to overexert

Full of joy and enthusiasm when in balance

Respond to stress with fear, worry, and anxiety, especially when

out of balance

Tendency to act on impulse

Often distracted easily

Generally have dry skin and dry fur

Typical health problems include hypertension, earaches, anxiety,

irregular heart rhythms, muscle spasms, lower back pain, constipation,

abdominal gas, diarrhea, nervous stomach and arthritis. Most

neurological disorders are related to Vata imbalance.

Pets of Vata constitution are generally physically slender and smallframed.

Their chests are flat with their veins and muscle tendons visible.

The skin is cool, rough, dry and cracked. Vata pets generally are either

taller or shorter than average, with thin frames that reveal prominent

joints and bone-ends because of small muscle development. The eyes

may be sunken, small, dry, and active. The nails are rough and brittle.

The shape of the nose is bent and in some cases turned-up.

Physiologically, the appetite and digestion are variable. The production

of urine is scanty and the feces are dry, hard, and small in quantity. Their

sleep may be disturbed and they will sleep less than the other types.

Their paws are often cold.

Psychologically, they are characterized by short memories but quick

mental understanding. They will understand something immediately,

but will soon forget it. They sometimes lack determination, tend toward

mental instability, and are sensitive to tolerance, confidence, or boldness.

Vata pets are nervous, fearful at times, and afflicted by much anxiety.

Dogs Naturally Magazine | May/June 2011


Pitta is a force created by the dynamic interplay of water and fire. These

forces represent transformation. Pitta governs digestion, absorption,

assimilation, nutrition, metabolism, body temperature, the luster of the

eyes, intelligence, and understanding. Psychologically, Pitta arouses anger

and jealousy. The small intestine, stomach, sweat glands, blood, fat,

eyes, and skin are the seats of Pitta.

Common characteristics of pets who have a predominantly Pitta body


Medium physique, strong, well-built

Sharp mind, good powers of concentration


Assertive, self-confident; aggressive, demanding, pushy when out

of balance

Competitive, enjoy challenge

Strong digestion, strong appetite; get irritated if they have to miss

or wait for a meal

Like to be in command

When under stress, Pittas become irritated and angry

Uncomfortable in sun or hot weather; heat makes them very tired

People may find them stubborn or pushy

Generally good leadership ability, usually acts as leader of the pack

Subject to mood swings, impatience, and anger

Typical physical problems include rashes or inflammations of the

skin, acne, boils, skin cancer, ulcers, heartburn, acid stomach, hot

sensations in the stomach or intestines, insomnia, bloodshot or

burning eyes and other vision problems, anemia, jaundice.

These pets are of medium build, are slender, and their body frame may

be delicate. They show a medium prominence of veins and muscle tendons.

The bones are not as prominent as in the Vata pet. Muscle development

is moderate.

The fur is soft and warm. The eyeballs will be of medium prominence.

The claws are softer. The shape of the nose is sharp. Physiologically, these

pets have a strong metabolism, good digestion and resulting strong appetites.

The animal of Pitta constitution usually takes large quantities of

food and liquid. Their sleep is of medium duration but uninterrupted.

They produce a large volume of urine. The body temperature may run

slightly high, and their paws will tend to be warm. Pitta pets do not

tolerate sunlight or heat well.

Psychologically, Pitta pets have good powers of comprehension; they are

very intelligent and sharp. They have emotional tendencies toward hate,

anger, and jealousy.


Kapha is the conceptual equilibrium of water and earth. Kapha is both

structure and lubrication. One can visualize the Kapha force as the

stirring force that keeps the water and the earth from separating. This

dosha maintains body resistance. Water is the main constituent of Kapha,

and this bodily water is responsible physiologically for biological

strength and natural tissue resistance in the body. Kapha lubricates the

joints; provides moisture to the skin; helps to heal wounds; fills the spaces

in the body; gives biological strength, vigor, and stability; supports

memory retention; gives energy to the heart and lungs, and maintains



Kapha is present in the chest, throat, head, sinuses, nose, mouth, stomach,

joints, cytoplasm, plasma, and in the liquid secretions of the body,

such as mucus. Psychologically, Kapha is responsible for the emotions

of attachment and greed. It is also expressed in tendencies toward calmness,

forgiveness, and love. The chest is the seat of Kapha.

Common characteristics of pets who have a predominantly Kapha constitution:

Easygoing, relaxed, slow-paced

Affectionate and loving, forgiving, compassionate, non-judgmental

nature, stable and reliable; faithful

Physically strong with a sturdy, heavier build

Have the most energy of all constitutions, but it is steady and enduring,

not explosive

Slow moving and graceful

Slower to learn, but never forgets; outstanding long-term memory

Soft fur; tendency to have large “soft” eyes and are soft tempered

Tend toward being overweight; may suffer from sluggish digestion

More self-sufficient, need less outward stimulation than do the

other types; have a mild, gentle, and essentially undemanding approach

to life

Excellent health, strong resistance to disease

Calm, strive to maintain peace in their surroundings

Not easily upset and can be a point of stability for others

Tend to be possessive

Don’t like cold, damp weather

Physical problems include colds and congestion, respiratory problems

including asthma and wheezing, hay fever, allergies, and atherosclerosis

Pets of Kapha constitution have well-developed bodies. There is, however,

a strong tendency for these individuals to carry excess weight. Their

chests are expanded and broad. The veins and tendons of Kapha pets are

not obvious because of their thick skin and their muscle development is

good. The bones are not prominent.

The fur is soft, lustrous, and oily, and skin texture is cold and pale. The

fur is thick, dark, soft, and wavy. The eyes are dense, large, and attractive.

Physiologically, Kapha pets have regular appetites. Due to slow digestion,

they tend to consume less food. Stools are soft and may be pale

in color, evacuation is slow. Sleep is sound and prolonged. There is a

strong vital capacity evidenced by good stamina, and Kapha pets are

generally healthy, happy and peaceful.

Psychologically, they tend to be tolerant, calm, forgiving, and loving:

however, they also exhibit traits of greed, attachment and possessiveness.

Their comprehension is slow but definite: once they understand

something, that knowledge is retained.

Other body types are a combination and permutation of the dosha present

in them. Life is considered a sacred path in Ayurveda; a ceaseless

interaction between the internal Tridosha, environment and the external

environment, or the sum of cosmic forces. To counterbalance external

change, a pet lover may create a balance for their pet in the internal

forces by altering his or her diet, lifestyle, and behavior.

Diet by Dosha

In Ayurveda, food is medicine and medicine is food, and it is important

to consider the right ingredients, proportions, freshness and seasonality,

promoting balance with foods that counter or diminish the excess

dosha. If you choose to change your pets’ diets, please do so in increments,

taking about three weeks to switch them over to a more wholesome


In addition to the pet’s dosha, keep in consideration whether the animal

is a larger or smaller breed, active or a couch potato. Below are a

few specific food recommendations based on either vata, pitta or kapha


Vata (e.g. Greyhound dog) - Vata dogs run cool and dry and should

avoid beans, cauliflower, broccoli, peppers, and potatoes. Feed them

warming foods such as beef, along with washed and pureed carrots and

squashes although they can be quickly blanched then pureed for enhanced


Avoid ghee as it is hard for animals to digest and can lead to pancreatitis.

(Use fish oil instead.) For pets experiencing digestive issues, they can

be fed the Ayurvedic dish “kitcheree” made with white basmati rice and

mung beans. Spices can include black pepper, cumin and coriander,

with a slight bit of hing for Vata dogs.

Pitta (e.g. Pitbull) – As Pitta dogs tend to run warm, avoid foods that

provoke warmth. They do well with cooling foods including meats such

as duck, and chicken breasts; dairy products such as cottage cheese, and

even tofu. Fresh pureed veggies such as leafy greens are beneficial as


Kapha (e.g. overweight Golden Retriever) - For the heavy-set Kapha

pet, the diet should contain more wholesome foods such as fresh veggies.

Avoid starch, grains and fat, and additives such as molasses and

corn syrup. Veggies should include carrots, squash and pumpkin and

should always be washed, raw and pureed.


The most common herbs and spices for pets include turmeric, cumin

and coriander powders for balancing digestion. Try dried or fresh ginger

for Vata pets, cumin and coriander for Pitta, and turmeric for Kapha.

Take care not to be overindulge, as a 60 lb. dog only needs 1/8 of a

teaspoon of any given herb.

For hyperactive dogs, ashwagandha has a calming effect (also a wonderful

herb for humans!) These types of dogs also need to keep active.

Some types of dogs are considered working dogs by breed (i.e. cattle

dogs) and need to have a “job” that keeps them involved and moving.

Just remember most Ayurvedic principles that can apply to humans also

apply to your pets. Provide them with an environment and nutrition

that balances their doshas and they are sure to become a harmonious

member of your family, contributing their unique gifts that express their

dosha in its most beneficial form. DNM

Dr. Tejinder Sodhi graduated from the College of Veterinary Science in

Punjab, India in 1983. Dr. Sodhi came to the United States in 1985, where

he did his ECFVG certification with the American Veterinary Association

and opened his own clinic in Lynnwood, Washington, The Animal Wellness

Center with clients coming to him from throughout Washington State

and even from the East coast of the United States and Canada. In 1996,

Dr. Sodhi opened his second location in Bellevue, WA. Dr. Sodhi is also

president of the first ever chapter of Holistic Veterinarians in the state of

Washington. As president, he works to promote Holistic care in the field.

Dr. Sodhi is one of three physician brothers who created Ayush Herbs in

1988, offering formulas for people and pets. Ayush products are designed

in mind to support body systems and promote optimal health and performance.

Ayush pet products meet or exceed stringent requirements and

has been supported by holistic practitioners all over the United States,

Canada, and India.

18 May/June 2011 | Dogs Naturally Magazine


Reward all good behaviors that you would like repeated.

Exercise daily.

Be consistent and have patience.

Clicker Training: Get into a clicker training class right away and

learn as much as you can about this magical way to train dogs.

Use a positive interrupter to teach your puppy to stop what he is doing

and look at you. I use a kissy noise that is paired and conditioned with

food or toys.


Plan play dates.

Encourage calmness.

Provide mental stimulation by allowing your pup to sniff, explore, and

learn about the world he lives in.

Train your puppy to do tricks! Tricks are not only fun to train, but can

also help strengthen muscles and aid in flexibility.

Provide a variety of chew bones, stuffed Kongs, and acceptable things

to chew.

Crate-train - this can really be beneficial for potty training, traveling,

staying in hotels, overnight stays at the vet if needed, and will help your

puppy feel comfortable and safe.

Provide your puppy with a high quality diet.

Manage unwanted behaviors and prevent them from becoming an issue

from the very beginning.

Teach your puppy to enjoy being handled (ears, paws, nails, tail, teeth,

brush, and bath).

Put together a first aid kit.

Use a chest clipping harness for walking to prevent damage to your

puppy’s trachea.

Build a positive, trusting relationship with your puppy.

Allow your puppy to have a choice and reward him for the right ones.

Supervise your puppy at all times and use your crate or play pen when

you can’t be right there with your puppy.

Set your puppy up to succeed by teaching him what you do want him to

do, rather than punishing him for what you don’t want him to do.

Dogs Naturally Magazine | May/June 2011

10 Minute Trainer

Training Tips for New Dogs and Puppies

If you have a new addition to your family, it is best to start out on the right paw. This is a handy list

of things to consider as you teach your new family member the ropes.


Get angry with your puppy. He does not understand what is expected

of him yet. Do not blame him if you do not train him.

Use force, intimidation or physical (hitting, pushing, yanking) or verbal

punishments (yelling, screaming). This will only damage your relationship

with your dog and cause your dog unwanted or unnecessary stress.

Use punishment-based training methods (shock collars, prong collars,

choke chains, corrections). Aggression begets aggression. If you would

not train a child or other animal with these methods, why would you

train your dog using them?

Call your puppy to you to give him medication, to bring him inside

from having a great time outside, to give a bath, or to do anything he

hates. Keep the recall cue associated with only positive and great things.

Just go and get your puppy if you have to give him his medication, etc.

Chain up your puppy or keep him outside. Dogs deserve to be inside

and with their human family. Dogs love to be close to their humans.

Train your puppy how to behave inside your house.

Allow your puppy to practice unwanted behaviors. Instead, interrupt

unwanted behaviors, manage unwanted behaviors, and reward when he

does do the right behavior so that he will repeat it.

Leave your puppy unsupervised! A puppy running around the house

unsupervised is like a baby running around without a diaper and getting

into everything. Protect your puppy and keep him safe!

Allow other dogs to bully or play too rough with your puppy. Stick up

for your puppy and take care of him. Too much rough play can result in

injuries to your puppy.

If you keep the above list in mind when your bring new puppy or dog

home, the transition will be very smooth for both of you. Even if you are

not expecting a new addition, start applying this list to your dog today

and he will soon be both happier and better behaved. DNM

Pamela Johnson B.S., M.A., CPDT-KA has a background in education

and she is a natural teacher of all things. Pamela’s family consists of a

Husky Mix (Isabelle), Two Border Collies (Bandit & Twix), Cat (Sabrina)

and husband (Marxsen). She is known for posting free dog training videos

on YouTube under the channel ‘pamelamarxsen’, in the hopes that people

around the World will see that positive reinforcement training is a magical

way to train and that it works! Pamela is also the owner of Pam’s Dog

Academy www.pamsdogacademy.com.


Helping dogs with Intervertebral Disc Disease

Many people relate their pet’s back

problems to experiences with

their own painful backs. In most

cases, with pain medication and

some rest, the pain is gone in a few

days. Dogs’ backs are built differently

than peoples and they might

not bounce back from back pain

so easily. With that difference, a

huge potential for serious damage

to the spinal cord can occur if

the very first signs of a disc disease

problem go unnoticed and the dog

is not immediately crated and provided

prompt veterinary care, so it

is best to treat back pain seriously.

Just eight years ago, if a dog was

diagnosed with Intervertebral

Disc Disease (IVDD), owners often

were only given the choice of

surgery, if available, or putting

the dog to sleep. This is exactly

what happened to the owners of a

young dachshund named Dodger.

In Dodger’s case, surgery was not

an option and he was euthanized.

When Linda Stowe learned the

heartbreaking news that Dodger

was never even given the opportunity

to heal and return to happy

days with his family, she vowed to

do something to educate dog owners

about disc disease and the options

for treatment.

Neither Dodger’s owners, nor the

veterinarians treating Dodger,

knew about conservative treatment

for IVDD, which is medical

management through limited

movement and medicine. A high

percentage of people never need

surgery to recover from back pain

and it can be the same with dogs.

Today, more and more vets are

The body can do most of the healing work itself naturally

seeing that dogs with IVDD, even

Dachshunds, can heal with rest

and medication.

Not all dogs are healthy enough to

withstand surgery and, for some

owners, surgery is just not an option

financially. Educated owners

and veterinarians who know there

are two treatments for IVDD will

know that it is not a death sentence.

Even the most severely affected

can still heal and go on to

lead a good quality of life, in the

same happy, fun, and loving way

as always. Wheelchairs allow dogs

to enjoy all the aerobic activities

they previously enjoyed prior to


In 2002, Linda Stowe founded

a website and email list. Today,

Dodgerslist is a central place to

share information with dog owners

about treatment options for

IVDD. Information, culled from

the foremost veterinarians with

success in treating IVDD, is made

available to the public via the website.

The email group, also called

Dodgerslist, provides emotional

support for owners to cope with

the disease, plus at-home care information

to make sure each dog

has the very best opportunity to


Some of the more successful conservative

treatment modalities for

IVD include laser light therapy

and acupuncture. They both control

pain and stimulate nerve regeneration

and tissue healing. Acupuncture

achieves these effects

via placement of very thin needles

into the soft tissue to activate

nerve endings and collagen fibers.

Laser light therapy promotes

higher metabolism at the cellular

level. While nerve regeneration

Acupuncture can be started at any time. It can not only relieve pain and provide

relaxation but also stimulates nerves to heal. (Photographer: Cris Lewis)


Not wanting to eat. Tight/

tense tummy.

Yelping when moving or

picked up.

Reluctance to use stairs, jump,

or go for a walk.

Head held high or nose to the


Arched back.

Shaking, shivering, or trembling.

Legs weak: wobbly or nails

scuffing the floor, paws knuckle.

As the spinal cord receives increased

damage from the disc,

neurological functions diminish.

This dog knuckles his paw. He can

no longer place his foot in the correct

position. The next function to

be lost will be complete paralysis

of the legs if the dog is not crated

right away and prompt vet help is

not sought.

(Photographer: Paula Milner)

20 May/June 2011 | Dogs Naturally Magazine

takes place, laser light therapy can

safely stimulate muscles that are

without nerve function.

Without understanding all of the

treatment options, many dog owners

lose all hope that their dogs

will walk again and euthanize their

pets unnecessarily based on their

own interpretation of how a dog

perceives ambulation. It is important

to note that dogs are not embarrassed

or depressed by paralysis.

They do live happy, normal and

fulfilling lives with the assistance

of a wheelchair until such time as

neurologic function might return.

Today, Dodgerslist consists of over

3500 members including Dachshund

lovers, breeders, veterinarians,

and owners of other breeds

with IVDD. Dodgerslist Disc Disease

DVD features a medical segment

by Dr. Mark Lawson DVM of

Alpine Animal Hospital and provides

strategies for living with and

caring for an IVDD dog. Groups

and veterinary hospitals use this

DVD for educational purposes for

clients, members, and staff. More


Dogs Naturally Magazine | May/June 2011

information is available at Dodgerslist.com.

Dodgerslist is an all-volunteer organization

of five moderators who

offer strong professional talents

and contribute to writing, website

development, and the design of

educational materials including

a quarterly newsletter. Each has

years of personal experience with

IVDD plus a big heart and the

patience to help panicked owners.

The moderators are Sharon

Duncan, Cris Lewis, Paula Milner,

Stephanie Neighbour, and Lisa


IVDD success stories are numerous

and varied. Hope exists for

every dog to return to a good quality

of life, no matter what physical

degree of recovery the dog is able

to achieve. Self education about

IVDD plays a powerful role and

with the support of Dodgerslist,

owners can learn the tools to help

their dogs recover from IVDD.


One in five Dachshunds are born with IVDD. Vets and owners are

often unsuspecting until the first sign of this degenerative disease

shows itself, typically between the age of three to seven. These lifestyle

tips may help prolong the time until the first symptoms of

IVDD appears or perhaps prevent it altogether.

Eliminate stairs or jumping in your home. Make your home backfriendly

with baby gates to block off stairs. Construct a simple plywood

ramp covered with a non-slip surface. Place ramps so your

dog can access couches and your bed. While it is certainly easier to

train a puppy to use a ramp, it is also possible to teach older dogs

new tricks.

Train your dog to feel comfortable in his own personal den. Wire

crates are just one of the many restriction options used when a dog

has a back problem. Get ahead of the game by making sure your

dog feels like a crate is a good thing - his special place to go to take a

nap or chew on a bone. Doing so will make crate rest go much more

smoothly for your dog and for you.

Collars should only be used to hold dog tags. Whenever a leash

needs to be used, attach it to a harness. Harnesses distribute the

pulling stress onto the strong part of the chest rather than the weak

neck and spine.

Teach your children and friends how to pick up a Dachshund to protect

its back. Use both hands and support both ends of the dog and

keep the back horizontal to the ground. Picking up a dog under the

armpits like a baby supports only one end and causes stress on the


Wheelchairs allow dogs to enjoy all the aerobic activities they previously enjoyed

prior to injury. (Photographer: Stephanie Neighbour)


For loving dog owners, cancer is the most

feared disease. In the United States, cancer is

the primary cause of death in dogs over two

years of age. That’s truly significant. Unless

the mass is bulging out noticeably from the

skin, most cancer grows invisibly, inside the

body. Most of the time, routine blood tests are

normal. That’s why it’s called the silent killer.

The potential for cancer begins when carcinogens

damage and alter the DNA in a cell. The

damaged DNA sits and waits, like a seed on the

ground waiting for water, until the conditions

that promote the creation of a cancerous cell

are just right. When a cancerous cell starts

to divide, your dog has a built-in mechanism

to destroy the cell and force it to self-destruct.

The tumor-suppressor gene p53 monitors the

biochemical signals in cells that indicate DNA

mutation and division is in progress. The p53

gene instructs the cell to either halt the growth

cycle or self-destruct. Exposure to toxins and

viruses (and in some cases, genetic predisposition),

can damage the p53 gene, limiting

its ability to protect the body from cancerous


Once cancer gets a toehold, each type has its

own special behavior. Some excrete substances

that help them hide from the immune system

while others encapsulate themselves and become

what could be considered as something

akin to an individual life form. Some forms

are very aggressive while others grow slowly.

The type of cancer your dog has should determine

the treatment protocol you choose. I’ll

be going over this in detail in a future article.

With every passing decade, the number and

concentration of carcinogens our dogs are

exposed to escalates. Nowadays, exposure to

toxins and carcinogens is unavoidable. While

it’s impossible to avoid every carcinogen, we

can certainly work to decrease our pets’ exposure

to these toxins.

by: Deva Khalsa DVM

It’s important to learn about what’s in the environment

and how we can avoid carcinogens.

One way is to simply not buy and use carcinogenic

products on our dogs. Dr. Dobozy of the

Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA’s)

pesticide division states that one of the laboratory

effects of fipronil in Frontline is thyroid

cancer and altered thyroid hormones. While

the company creates the impression that their

product does not migrate into the body, radiolabeled

fibronil was found in several organs

and in the fat of tested dogs and was also excreted

in their urine and feces.

Bio Spot Flea and Tick Control, Defend Exspot

Treatment and Zodiac FleaTrol Spot On all

contain one or both of the active ingredients

Permethrin and/or Pyriproxyfen. Permethrin

has been implicated as a carcinogenic insecticide

causing lung cancer and liver tumors in

laboratory animals. Exposure to a carcinogen

typically occurs many years before the cancer

appears. Often times it never escalates into a

cancerous growth. Imagine how potent the

carcinogens are that create cancer within several

months in a laboratory setting.

I mention the above commonly used products

in relation to cancer. This does not mean that

the numerous products I am not mentioning

are safe - unfortunately. According to the

Center for Public Integrity, who collected information

through the Freedom of Information

Act, the pyrethrins (naturally occurring

compounds from the chrysanthemum plant)

and pyrethroids (the synthetic counterpart)

caused double the fatalities (1,600) from 2002

to 2007 than the non-pyrethroid compounds.

To reduce our dogs’ risk of cancer, the first

thing we can do is find a good natural product

to repel those pesky fleas and ticks, and minimize

or eliminate the use of these toxic insecticides.

We can then expand our horizons to

lawn chemicals, weed killers, herbicides and

cleaning agents. Take it upon yourself to research

dryer sheets and room deodorizers on

the web and you will discover their cancer

causing ingredients. I think you’ll be very surprised.

If I went into all the carcinogens that

we expose ourselves and our dogs to on a daily

basis, this would be a very long and depressing


But there’s more. A growing body of research

is implicating early spaying and neutering in

increasing cancer rates. In a 2002 study, it was

established that there was an increased risk of

osteosarcoma in both male and female Rottweilers

sterilized before the age of one year.

In another study, it was shown that the risk of

bone cancer in sterilized large purebred dogs

was twice that of dogs that were not neutered.

Apart from cancer, research indicates that the

removal of the sex organs in both male and

female dogs at an early age can cause growth

plates to remain open. Additionally, a study

at Cornell showed that both male and female

dogs neutered at an early age were more prone

to hip dysplasia.

Some good news: there’s now a

test that can check cancer markers

in dogs. Onco Pet Diagnostic

Service for Cancer in the Canine

has launched a new test that can

detect the presence of cancer with

approximately 90% sensitivity and

95% specificity. That’s impressive.

According to the company, it’s

not costly and it’s accurate. Many

veterinarians are using these tests

already or are participating in the

studies. http://www.oncopetdiagnostics.com/

22 May/June 2011 | Dogs Naturally Magazine

Owners of female dogs are advised to spay

their pups before the first heat in order to

avoid mammary cancer. In my 30 years of

practice I have never seen one of my patients

who follows holistic care get mammary cancer

although I did get many cases of mammary

cancer as their first visit. Additionally, I have

never clinically found neutering to lower the

risk of prostate cancer in male dogs. The College

of Veterinary Medicine at Michigan State

University did a small study in which they

stated the same. Urinary incontinence, hypothyroidism

and a host of behavior problems

have also been associated with early neutering.

While some cancers are caused by carcinogens,

others are caused by viruses. It has long

been known that the Feline Vaccine Associated

Sarcoma is a malignant tumor, associated with

the FeLV vaccine and Rabies vaccine injections,

occurring at the site of injection. Veterinary

students are now being taught to inject

these vaccines into a cat or kitten’s hind leg, so

the leg can be amputated if a tumor appears.

When your dog gets vaccinated, you are getting

much more than you pay for. Both killed

and live viruses that cause diseases in other

species often contaminate the vaccine broth,

which leads into the following true story. Parvovirus

was an unknown disease until about

1980. Then it broke out at the same time in

Japan, England and the United States. The

Feline Panleukopenia Virus had been a con-

The Honest Kitchen was founded

in the kitchen of a San Diego

beach cottage in 2002, out of

frustration with a lack of healthy

pet food options. With an honest

mission of creating wholesome

pet foods, they’ve bridged the

gap between highly processed

kibble, and homemade foods,

with a unique diet that has touched

the lives of thousands of pets.

Dogs Naturally Magazine | May/June 2011

taminant within the canine combo vaccine for

some time. In 1980 it jumped species, changing

and infecting dogs with the new disease

called Parvovirus. In fact, during the initial

outbreak, veterinarians were using the Feline

Panleukopenia Vaccine to protect dogs from

the new disease. It would be just as easy for

viruses that cause cancer in cats to, once again,

jump species and create cancer in dogs. Who

knows, perhaps this is happening already.

Some of the steps you might want to take to

help reduce the risk of cancer in your dogs are:

1. Reduce the use of flea and tick products

and find natural substitutes like Ticked


2. Maintain your lawn and grounds with

minimal or non-toxic herbicides, insecticides

and chemicals.

3. Learn more about the detergents, fabric

softeners, soaps and cleansers that you

use and begin to use products that do

not contain carcinogens.

4. If you must alter your dog, don’t spay

or neuter too young. I would recommend

waiting until a year or a year and

a half of age.

5. Eliminate or minimize vaccinations as

much as possible. Vaccine titers from

a blood sample are readily available if

you want to make sure your pup has


Dehydration De-mystified

The Honest Kitchen’s foods

are dehydrated to remove the

water from fresh, raw ingredients.

Dehydration harnesses

the power of whole foods

and makes a really healthy,

compact product that’s lightweight,

and free of artificial

preservatives. Simply add the

water back when you’re ready

to serve each meal.

Fortunately for our dogs, these precautions are

not so difficult to carry out. But these steps

only decrease the carcinogens that you have

control over: you can never eliminate every

environmental carcinogen your dog might be

exposed to. This is why it is important to learn

more about the nutritional ‘tricks of the trade’

for preventing cancer. What ingredients in

dog foods should you avoid? What foods effectively

help prevent cancer? How do these

special foods accomplish this?

Foods to avoid and foods that help prevent

cancer will be the subject of the next article.


Since beginning her holistically oriented veterinary

practice over 25 years ago, Dr. Khalsa has

been incorporating homeopathy, acupuncture,

Chinese Herbs, nutritional advice, allergy-elimination

techniques such as N.A.E.T and also

J.M.T. into her approach. Today her work is a

blend of sophisticated holistic techniques and

traditional veterinary medicine designed to best

enhance the natural strengths and attributes

of her patient. Dr. Khalsa coauthored ‘Healing

Your Horse: Alternative Therapies’ (Howell

Book House, 1993), and most recently authored

‘Dr. Khalsa’s Natural Dog’ (Kennel Club Books,

2009), a book best described as a ‘holistic bible’

for dog owners. Dr. Khalsa is a Fellow and Professor

of the British Institute of Homeopathy. She

has lectured both nationally and internationally.

For free samples and information call: 1.866.437.9729,

email questions@thehonestkitchen.com or visit us on Facebook at,



Epitaph to Ruff

by: Anne Venus

Ruff was born under a lucky star. He had a difficult start but that soon

changed. He was a Border/Lakeland Terrier; a cross often bred for cruel

pastimes such as badger baiting. He belonged to a family with ten Terriers

and a Lurcher, and they were all sadly neglected. Luckily for him and

for me, his owners were reported for their neglect and he arrived in our

home through the kindness of dog rescue.

By the time Ruff came to live with our family, he was almost two years

old and he arrived with some well ingrained habits which mainly involved

terrorizing dogs, cats, and anything else unfortunate enough to

get in his way. As we brought him home, my companion, who was holding

on to this mad little monster, inadvertently gave him his name – “a

right little ruffian you’ve got here” she said – and the name stuck. Ruffian,

or Ruff for short.

Ruff was a territorial fiend. He could climb a fence to see off any unwelcome

dog. He learned to use cat doors so he could chase cats through

them. He would stay out all night if he could, barking at badgers, and if

he saw a fox there was no holding him. Bikes and motor bikes existed

only to be chased. He became known as the local ‘terrierist’, and to this

day I’m amazed he lived as long as he did; eventually dying at almost

18 and having crammed every canine experience into his long life. Not

a day was wasted and Ruff didn’t know what fear was. He would tackle

anything, even the sound of thunder, which he hated.

In his entire life, Ruff had only one bad accident. He was run over by a

car – and he wasn’t even chasing it. The main damage was a broken jaw

which had to be wired up. Even then, with a painful wired jaw, he bit

a favorite enemy, causing far more pain to himself than his opponent.

I think you’ve possibly now got the measure of Ruff. I learned so much

from that dog and as he gradually calmed down, he became such a loving,

faithful animal who followed me everywhere. I miss him greatly.

You may wonder how we managed to train, if train is the word, a dog

that arrived with so much baggage. Ruff, in fact, taught me how to manage

him – with balls and squeaky toys. He used to carry two balls in his

mouth, and I always carried a couple of spares, and it was the balls that

kept his attention away from other naughtier pursuits. He spent his life

inventing new ball games. Without the magic balls we would never have

been so successful at managing his behavior.

But really I’m supposed to be telling you about Ruff ’s homeopathic experiences.

Without homeopathy and a very good homeopathic vet, Ruff

may not have had such a wonderful life.

His first experience with homeopathic remedies was at the age of about

five; he developed a skin irritation which became very severe. He was

scratching and biting until he was raw. There was no flea infestation or

obvious signs of the causes of the irritation. Our first stop was a local vet

who was very helpful, but after steroid injections to control the symptoms,

additional problems started to occur, culminating in a large bald

patch spreading from his neck down his back.

At this stage, Ruff was referred to the Animal Hospital in Bristol. The

specialist vets there were also unable to arrive at a conclusion. Ruff

was thusly dressed in pajamas at night to stop the biting – just like a

child with eczema. In a casual conversation with another dog owner,

the name Chris Day was mentioned. He was recommended as being

someone who could possibly deal with the problem. Chris Day is a homeopathic

vet, and at that time I had no experience with homeopathic

remedies. That was all about to change.

Our first visit to Chris was memorable. It was so entirely different from

visiting a conventional vet. If you have visited a homeopath, you will

know that a considerable amount of time is spent on enquiring about

your background, lifestyle, emotional state and diet. Well, it’s the same

with dogs. Everything you can tell the vet about these subjects helps

determine the physical and mental state of the dog. While I was waxing

eloquent on my dog, Ruff was wandering around the surgery. From his

behavior, Chris could see if he was an inquisitive dog, whether agile or

lethargic, nervous or brave, friendly or antagonistic, or just indifferent.

It was also a way of determining the relationship of the dog with its


I’m pleased to say Ruff ended the session jumping onto my knee which

suggested we were good friends. The conclusions of the session were

that Ruff was a generally healthy dog, but that his skin problems were

probably caused by the wrong diet and the bald patch was probably a

result of the steroid injections. He was prescribed Sulphur and Lachesis.

Sulphur is a remedy generally used for skin conditions in a ‘hot’ dog

– a dog that tends to seek cool places rather than cuddling up to radiators

and lying in front of the fire. Lachesis, made from the venom of

the South American Bushmaster snake, in case you didn’t know, is used

to treat dogs with inflammations and ‘hot spots’. I was told to cut out

conventional dog foods, some of which can contain very poor quality

ingredients, and replace his meals with meat, vegetables and rice.

Well, the effects were amazing. In less than a week, the itching had virtually

disappeared, and within a month the bald patch had grown over.

Ruff ’s skin remained sensitive throughout his life but if there was the

slightest sign of itching we immediately resorted to the Sulphur pills

24 May/June 2011 | Dogs Naturally Magazine

which generally sorted out the problem. Ever since Ruff ’s experience and

rapid resolution, I have suggested change of diet to many dog owners

who have itchy dogs.

In the first consultation, Chris also identified another possible cause of

Ruff ’s problems: the annual vaccination. He advised replacing it with a

homeopathic nosode which is designed to give the same protection without

the possible side effects. I was also given the same advice for Ruff ’s

companion, Cassie, who suffers with a heart murmur which could have

been made worse by the vaccination. The only problem was, most dog

boarding facilities do not accept a dog without proof of vaccination and

will not take the nosode as an alternative.

Ruff continued to be rather prone to allergies. A flea on Ruff could set up

a chain reaction of skin problems, which at various times in his life, were

treated with Calc.Carb., Psorinum/Graphitis, and Morgan Bach, but the

fall-back remedy was usually Sulphur. And living in the country, dogs can

be exposed to mange – a horrible infestation caught from foxes. Ruff ’s

episode of mange was an absolute nightmare. You can only imagine what

the untreated foxes are suffering.

When Cassie arrived, Ruff was already nearly ten and settling down to

be a grumpy old man. I thought, mistakenly as it happens, that he may

become more sociable with another dog around. How wrong could I have

been? Ruff hated Cassie right from the start, and Cassie, being a much

larger dog (Great Dane/ Lab) was having none of it and would sit on Ruff

to shut him up. So, back we went to the vet for an ‘anger’ remedy. He was

given Lachesis for his aggression and also Arsenicum album for his restlessness.

He did calm down and the two of them reached an accommodation,

but never became particularly close. Ruff was his own little person,

and didn’t need other doggie companions.

Ruff, during his long life, used a number of homeopathic remedies for

different problems. He hated thunder and fireworks, which is the case

with many dogs. The magic remedy for Ruff was always Gelsenium which

worked like a charm.

At various times during his life Ruff suffered from small injuries – sprains,

strains, cuts and bruises – the usual for a free-range country dog – and

he was given Rhus tox for paw sprain, Arnica for bruising, Bryonia for

back strain, Hyper/cal lotion for cuts and wounds and various remedies

for his heart as he grew older. I could go on, but once you become used

to administering homeopathic remedies and see how effective they can

be, both for physical and mental trauma, your dog can become quite a

little pill-popper!

When Ruff did finally die, his companion, Cassie, was very down even

though he hadn’t exactly been the love of her life. Where a dog is pining,

Ignatia works well. Ignatia is also recommended for homesickness, for

an abandoned dog and for a dog that may have suffered ill-treatment.

Ruff had a long and, I think, very happy life, helped along during the difficult

stages with an array of homeopathic remedies and tinctures. The

first-aid box is packed with dozens of remedies, but there are still hundreds

we haven’t yet tried. A dear friend wrote this final epitaph to the

wonderful Ruff – “May he be at one with the wind and all the lost balls.

Guardian of the wayward and guide to the seekers. His bark lives forever.”

Ruff 1992-2010 DNM

Anne Venus is a Financial Economist who lives in Wiltshire. Apart from her

elderly mother, who lives with her, she cares for two rescue dogs, one rescue

cat, three rescue chickens, four bantams and Big Dave the cockerel.

Dogs Naturally Magazine | May/June 2011


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The Concept of

by: Barry Eaton Dip. CAPBT


Last time, I wrote about how a typical wild wolf pack would behave compared to a captive pack. I also questioned whether the behavior of a captive

wolf pack should be imposed on our domestic dogs, as is so often the case. I finally questioned why the term dominance, as in raising status, is still

used - bearing in mind the psychological harm it can do to a dog - and whether dogs do actually try to raise their status in a dog/owner relationship.

Many owners believe that they need to be dominant over their dog to prevent him from trying to raise his status; and to do this by imposing harsh

rules based, incorrectly, on how wolves behave. Even if dogs are genetically disposed to form packs, which primarily they are not, why would a dog

consider himself as part of a pack with humans?


When a dog is aggressive toward his owner, he is frequently said to be

dominant and is trying to raise his status within the family pack. This

assumption is wrong. Dogs do not have a dominance characteristic

trait. In other words they are not born to be dominant or to be pack

leaders. Neither do they have a characteristic trait of dominance that

determines the relationship between two dogs or a dog and his owner.

One needs to look at the social relationship between dog and owner to

find any cause of the aggression.

Very often, a dog has become fearful of his owner, possibly due to mistreatment,

whether inadvertent or intentional. If a dog is fearful, he

has only three coping strategies: appeasement, avoidance and aggression.

When the first two don’t work (dog owners often ignore or miss

appeasement signals), the last course of action is to snap at the owner.

The owner will usually withdraw his hand even momentarily - but in

that moment, as far as the dog is concerned, the aggression strategy has

worked and therefore the dog’s action has been reinforced. If this scenario

continues on a regular basis, the dog will become more confident

and his aggression will increase. But the dog has become aggressive

through learned aggression, not because he is being dominant.

The term dominance is a construct: it’s a theory only because nobody

really knows what is going on in a dog’s mind. Unless someone can scientifically

prove what is going on, it will always remain a theory. Regardless,

many scientists and canine authorities have defined dominance in

canine terms as resource guarding. Resource guarding is the ability to

maintain and regulate resources. A resource can be anything the dog

views as a trophy or reward. In a multi-dog household, owners may see

this in their dogs most days. A Terrier for example, may dominate a

Labrador when it comes to chasing and ‘killing’ a squeaky toy by not

allowing the Labrador access to the toy. On the other hand, when the

owner is handing out food treats, the Labrador may dominate the Terrier

by physically pushing him out of the way as he’s more of a chowhound

than the Terrier. So on those particular occasions, one could argue

that one dog is dominant over the other when in possession of the

resource. At any other time when resources are not an issue, neither dog

is dominant over the other.

Problems arise when a dog guards a resource from his owner. If a dog

is allowed unrestricted access to a resource and then the owner tries

to take it away, the dog may guard it. Typically, we see this when a dog

guards his food at meal times or shows aggressive behavior when the

owner tries to remove him from the sofa. Both these problems are totally

preventable of course, but when it gets to the stage where a dog

demonstrates this resource guarding, it is often misinterpreted as a dog

trying to raise his status over the owner. Sadly, some trainers, behaviorists

or owners will choose to follow ill-conceived ideas from books,

DVDs or TV programs and impose pack rules that have supposedly

come from how wolves behave. Let’s have a look at some of these pack

rules and see why they don’t make sense.


This rule is based on the misconception that the alpha wolf always eats

first, so the owner has to eat something before feeding the dog to reinforce

his alpha status. If we consider what actually happens in a free wolf

pack, this rule is flawed. The size of a wolf pack can vary so if there is a

small pack and they have killed a large prey, all pack members, regardless

of rank, will feed together. If there are pups in the pack, they would

be fed first. Therefore it’s not so much a question of dominance or being

the alpha, it’s more of a question of resources and survival of the young.

Why would a dog understand the significance of us eating first? He

won’t! Training domestic dogs these days has now, thankfully, moved

away from ‘dominating the dog’ methods and on to positive, motivating

methods like the clicker or lure and reward method. Both of these methods

use food as rewards when the dog is right. We now have a situation

where an instructor and the owner have a bag full of treats for the dog.

During the course of the training period, the dog may get to eat all the

treats and the owner and instructor eat nothing. Are we making our dog

dominant because we are giving him all the food treats and we don’t eat

anything? Absolutely not!


By letting our dog share our bed, chair or sofa, we are supposedly elevating

him to the same status as us. Rubbish! Allowing a dog on the sofa is

fine if you train him to come up when requested and to get down when

asked. A potential problem may be when the dog has unrestricted access

to a sofa which could result in a resource guarding problem. The dog

may perceive the owner’s bed, chair or sofa as a comfortable place to

sleep and, if allowed unrestricted access to these resources, he may start

to guard them if access is suddenly denied. Wolves will find somewhere

that’s comfortable to sleep but in doing so, they are not trying to raise

their status; and neither are our dogs.


The reasoning behind this rule is based on the misconception that the

alpha leads the way and dictates where the pack goes. The alpha may decide

on the route to take but does not always lead the way. Pack behavior

can be influenced by youthful exuberance which might result in other

wolves leading and sometimes surging ahead. Wolves often follow river

beds, game trails, and old roads. When doing so, it is obvious where

the pack is headed for certain stretches, so any wolf may forge ahead


26 May/June 2011 | Dogs Naturally Magazine

Contrary to the reasoning behind this rule, the alpha wolf does not always

lead first; so to say our dog is pulling on the lead because he’s dominant

is totally misleading. Dogs pull on the lead because they haven’t

been trained not to. It’s as simple as that. A typical scenario is a dog

being walked to the park, and in his excitement, he pulls on the lead, in

hopes of getting there quicker. On the way home when the dog is tired,

he walks nicely on a loose lead. Is the dog being dominant on the way to

the park and subservient on the way home?


Supposedly, the alpha wolf will make a subordinate move if he is in the

way. However, with an established social structure, a subordinate will

voluntarily move when a higher-ranking wolf enters the social space

of the subordinate. The social structure has already been established,

so if moving out of the way of a high ranking wolf maintains the social

structure, then so be it.

If one of my dogs has found a patch of sunlight to lie down in which

happens to be in the middle of the room, I’m quite happy to walk

around her. In doing so, I’m not giving off signals of subservience to

her and I doubt very much that she perceives that I am. Occasionally,

I may need her to move, in which case I say “excuse me” because I’m

polite and that’s what I’ve trained her to respond to. I’m not exerting

dominance over her when I make such a request. Rather, when I ask her

to do something and she responds, it’s because she’s been trained and

for no other reason.


As canine-to-canine communication is different from canine-to-human

communication, do you think a dog would understand why it’s not allowed

through a doorway before his owner? As in the rule above, when

young wolves forge ahead, they are not going to stop at a narrow opening

just to let the alpha go first. Young wolves are also curious and will

venture into new places without necessarily waiting for the alpha to

go first. The one occasion I do agree with an owner going through the

doorway first is when taking the dog for a walk. It’s not very nice to have

your dog pulling you through the front door in his excitement to get to

the park. But allowing you to go first is a question of good manners and

safety based on training, not showing who is being dominant.


The origin being that wolves would tug at a piece of meat or a bone and

the stronger, dominant wolf would win. For a pack of wolves, food can

be hard to come by and the tug of war for the piece of meat may mean

the difference between life and death to one of them. But tugging on a

large piece of meat can also be a co-operative behavior. Each wolf pulls

on the end of the meat and it pulls apart, with both getting something

to eat. But this wouldn’t apply to our puppy or older dog where meals

are provided two, three, or four times a day, plus food treats. Would a

tug toy have the same value as a piece of meat, or would he just see it as

a game? Dogs can play tug with each other and with their owners with

no resulting animosity although the risk may be that the dog might perceive

the tug toy as a trophy.

Play is important for learning, influencing behavior and forming a bond

between dog and owner, even if it is playing tug. There is nothing wrong

with playing tug with your dog and even letting him win sometimes,

providing you have taught the dog some etiquette like responding to the

‘drop’ command.



This supposedly means that the alpha wolf starts all games and initiates

all attention. In fact, any highly motivated wolf can affect the activity of

Dogs Naturally Magazine | May/June 2011

its pack mates, such as play. It follows, surely, that if a highly motivated

wolf can initiate a game, so too can a highly motivated wolf initiate some

form of attention. So why not let a dog plop a ball in your lap or come

up for attention? It’s up to you whether you play with him or give him

attention but why stop him from asking?


Supposedly, the lower the wolf ’s physical position, the more subordinate

he is, so an owner has to get the dog in a down position to show

him he’s subordinate to the owner. Being submissive is not something

you can train a dog to do like you can a sit. A submissive behavior is

innate; it’s one of the wolf ’s and dog’s hard-wired strategies when faced

with something threatening. Dog owners should be able to recognise

submissive behavior and respond appropriately to it.

These are just some of the pack rules that we have been told to inflict

on our dogs. They don’t apply to wolves so why would they apply to

dogs? Yet we’ve put all this baggage on our dogs and chances are they

haven’t a clue what we are doing or why we act the way we do. How on

earth can anybody think that a dog is trying to dominate his owners by

eating first, going through doorways first, enjoying the comfort of furniture,

playing games of tug-of-war, or eagerly pulling on lead? Dogs are

straightforward and they live in the here and now. A behavioral problem

will not be resolved by using a cure-all like pack rules. The specific problem

needs to be treated with a specific behavior modification program.

It may take time, but there is no magic formula or quick-fix – even by

using pack rules. DNM

Barry Eaton lives in the UK where he is an Affiliate of the Centre of Applied

Pet Ethology (COAPE) and is a Member of the CAPBT (www.capbt.

org). He has a Diploma in Companion Animal Behavior and Training

and an Advanced Cert. in ‘Introduction to Ethology’. He is an experienced

dog trainer and specializes in training dogs that are deaf and has written

a book, ‘Hear, Hear’ which provides help on how to train dogs that are

born deaf. Barry has acted as consultant for Usborne Publishing on three

of their books about dogs and contributed to the UK Association of Pet

Dog Trainers, ‘Teach Yourself Dog Training’. Barry’s book ‘Dominance in

Dogs: Fact or Fiction?’ is available at www.dogwise.com.


Bach Flower Magic

by: Ellen Kohn

Bach Flower essences were created in the 1930’s by Dr. Edward Bach,

an English physician who was fascinated by the connection between

emotions and physical health. He believed that negative emotions

cause disturbances in the invisible, soul body, which would then

manifest in the physical body. If these clues were not taken seriously,

physical disease would follow. What happened to the physical body

was correlated to a patient’s mentality in addition to their spiritual and

emotional circumstances.

Using nature as his guide, Dr. Bach left London and went to the country,

where he spent the rest of his life experimenting with plants and

their ability to restore health. He established seven categories for his

remedies: power, intellectual knowledge, love, balance, service, wisdom,

and spiritual perfection. Addressing the yin-yang, the dark-light

and the negative-positive in our lives, the essences have a wide range

of applications for people and their pets. They are extremely useful for

behavioral problems in our dogs, such as aggressiveness, separation

anxiety, uncertainty, disinterest, loneliness, over-sensitivity, despondency

and over-concern, among others.

Preparation of the flower essences requires great care and delicacy.

Fresh flowers are placed in clean spring water and placed in bright

sunshine until the blooms fade, from two to seven hours. When the

blossoms are removed, the water that remains is energetically charged

with the floral essence, which is placed into stock bottles with a small

amount of brandy as a preservative.

There are thirty-eight flower essences. Each single remedy has its own

energetic signature, and can be used alone or in a blend, depending on

the individual’s needs. A general summary of the essences with their

symptoms and usage is as follows:


Symptom Remedy Positive Effect

Apprehension/fear for

no known reason

Aspen Reassurance

Fear of known things


Mimulus Courage

Afraid of losing control

Cherry Plum Composure

Peace of mind Red Chestnut Consolation

Terror Rock Rose Fearlessness


Symptom Remedy Positive Effect

Living in the past Honeysuckle Presence



Clematis Focus

Refuses to learn from


Chestnut Bud Insight

Persistent, unwanted


White Chestnut Tranquility

Feeling down for no


Mustard Brightness

Exhausted; drained

from a long strain

Olive Rejuvenation

Resignation; apathy Wild Rose Enthusiasm

28 May/June 2011 | Dogs Naturally Magazine


Symptom Remedy Positive Effect

Self-obsession; lonely Heather Be heard; satisfied

Impatient Impatiens Patience

Lonely; disconnected

Water Violet Connect


Symptom Remedy Positive Effect

Procrastination Hornbeam Resolve

Discouragement Gentian Encouragement

Defeatism Gorse Hope

Indecisive; vacillating Scleranthus Decisiveness

Lack of direction Wild Oat Direction

Self-doubt; look to Cerato Guidance

others for advice


Symptom Remedy Positive Effect

Trauma or grief Star of Bethlehem Comfort

Resentment Willow Positivity

Overwhelmed by responsibility

Elm Support

Guilt or self-blame Pine Forgiveness

Despair Sweet Chestnut Consolation

Lack of Confidence Larch Confidence

Failure to rest; depletion

Oak Strength

Self disgust; shame Crab Apple Self-acceptance;



In my healing practice, I make custom blends for human and animal

clients. Using my pendulum, I test each individual remedy, asking if it is

needed in the blend. Allowing the pendulum to guide me, it works with

the client’s higher self, or soul, and will direct me to the exact formula.

The blend may contain up to 7 different essences. I then create an affirmation

for the client which aligns with the energy of the blend.


Rescue Remedy is a blend of five flower essences: Cherry Plum, Clematis,

Impatiens, Rock Rose and Star of Bethlehem. It works immediately

on acute shock, trauma, or stress. It is a must for every medicine cabinet

and can be used to bring calm, focus and control to any emergency situation.

It is helpful when taking your pet to the vet, a visit to the dentist,

or any other unsettling experience. When making a blend, it is considered

a single remedy.


Herbal Bach flower essences are completely safe and do not have side

effects. Because they carry an energetic imprint from live plants, they

Dogs Naturally Magazine | May/June 2011

work on a vibrational level on the energy body. Thus, they are not medicine

in the traditional sense. From a safety standpoint, they are completely

different from essential oils, which are steam distilled plant oils

in very potent concentrates which must be used with extreme caution

for us and our pets.

The recommended dose for a single or blended remedy is 2 drops of

each essence directly on the tongue, into a glass of water (or bowl if

it is your pet) or even on the animal’s fur. Since the remedies are pure

vibrations, they only need to enter the energy field to be activated. They

can be used frequently, and in conjunction with homeopathy and conventional


Edward Bach was a visionary in his time because he understood that

disease can result from a conflict between the soul and mind. He said,

“it is the divinity within which heals us.” His amazing work has given

us a natural and safe way to help heal our emotions, leading to greater

happiness, peace of mind and balance in our lives. DNM

Ellen Kohn is an Interspecies Communicator, Healing Touch for Animals

Certified Practitioner (HTACP), Reiki Master-Teacher, Meridian Practitioner

and Spiritual Counselor. She frequently uses Bach Flower and

Alaskan Gem essences for her clients. She is also a certified aromatherapist

and uses crystal energy for her healing work. She is the founder of

The Kohn Foundation, a Colorado non-profit which helps children and

animals on Grand Bahama Island, The Bahamas. Visit Ellen on the web:




Puppy Massage

The Art of Attachment

The reason I am writing this article on roughly

five hours of sleep is the same reason I woke

up with a smile on my face and jumped out of

bed to greet the chilly morning. These days, it’s

all about my puppy. About a month ago, my

partner and I became parents to a two month

old yellow Lab rescue named Lucy. As a canine

massage therapist, I understand how touch

and massage can be beneficial for a dog at any

age. Whether you brought your puppy home

at eight weeks or at a later stage in its develop-

ment, it is important to know how to take care

of your puppy at different life stages. Using

touch and massage is one tool that is gaining


A puppy’s life begins with touch. The canine

mother provides her puppies with nurturing

touch, comfort, safety, love and encouragement.

She does this by touch - whether she

is feeding, grooming, holding, or teaching

her pup. Once the pup is ready to leave mom

and join your family, it is up to you to foster

a loving, trusting and respectful relationship.

When you praise and pet your puppy,

you create a bond that is similar to the bond

she may remember with her mother. Communicating

through therapeutic touch creates

a deeper sense of trust and learning on a cellular

level. Over the years, research on touch

in the development of babies and infants has

demonstrated that, without physical contact

and touch, babies fail to develop physically,

have lower weight gain, lose the ability to learn

and experience delayed development across all

life phases. It only makes sense that engaging

in positive physical contact with our canine

children would have the same positive effects

it does in real children, and failing to engage

with them would have the same negative effects.

We love to cuddle our dogs and puppies and

clearly they love to be petted. But touch with

intent communicates more and creates a much

more powerful outcome. This is why massage

is so beneficial for puppies. Canine massage

carries all of the benefits of massage and also

has an impact on the development of puppies

through various life stages. Early on, if a puppy

is handled and touched with intent, then

she is learning that it is OK to be touched at

by Denise Theobald

any stage of her life. When she goes to the vet

or the groomer, she will be more likely to be at

peace with what happens there.

When you employ canine massage, your puppy

learns that it is OK to be touched, and at the

same time, you make an important connection

with your puppy. When the puppy is seven or

eight weeks old, touch can really enhance the

bond and relationship between a puppy and

her parent. Now is the time to socialize the

puppy with not only family but with strangers.

When the puppy is between eight to ten weeks,

new experiences must be non-fear producing.

Proper training and socialization should continue.

Fast physical development is occurring

at this time for large breed dogs and massage

is helpful for recovery as their activity level is

now in high gear. Sleep is imperative at this

time for proper growth and development as

well as recovery from activity. Touch by hundreds

of people, including children, should

occur during this time so the puppy will be

socialized and accepting of touch as an adult.

Assessment massage is also valuable at this

30 May/June 2011 | Dogs Naturally Magazine


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time to find out how the puppy is feeling. Feeling

the skin, ears, paws, and anal area will give

information on the pup’s health.

When the puppy is 12 weeks and over, she has

more independence, wanderlust and curios-

Head to Paw Guide for massaging your puppy or dog

Dogs Naturally Magazine | May/June 2011

ity. This will be a period where the puppy will

teethe, bite and squirm. Practice touch and

massage techniques in small increments and

try to do it at a time when the puppy is tired

and will be more accepting. If the pup has

an agenda of her own during this time, it is a

perfect time to work with training and pairing

food or positive experiences with touch.

Gently massaging around the dog’s mouth and

gums will not only help with the teething, it

also helps with bite inhibition. Giving the pup

something to chew on such as a frozen wet rag

and or a Kong filled with frozen material will

not only feel good on the gums, but will divert

her biting to something more appropriate than

your hand while you are massaging her. This is

also a time of rapid growth, especially for large

breed puppies. Massage can reduce soreness

accompanying rapid growth by increasing circulation

to the tissue and stretching the fascial

network supporting the bones.

So exactly what type of massage techniques do

we use? Given the nature of puppies, which is

much like babies and infants, we must engage

in a way that doesn’t over-stimulate or push

away. Regardless of the age of the puppy or

dog, the following tips can be used to get the

puppy to stop, focus, and accept touch.

First, match the puppy’s energy level. A common

mistake we have is to try to grab the fast

moving puppy and restrain her. This will only

make her squirm and try to get away. Use

food as a peace maker. Lure the puppy to your

side and gently but quickly apply small circu-

lar motions on the puppy’s skin on the side of

her body. You may only get a few seconds in

at first, but as time goes on, the puppy will let

you continue. Then slow down your strokes

and apply more direct strokes. Rubbing firmly

into the neck seems to have a calming effect for

most dogs. Never hover over the puppy as this

will prompt her to move. Find a spot on her

body that the puppy likes: this is a spot that

you can keep going back to. Tire the puppy

out and make sure she has been fed a couple

of hours beforehand. An energetic, hungry

puppy does not equal a compliant participant.

The benefits of canine massage are endless.

Using massage to assess what is going on in

your pup’s body and getting her accustomed

to touch is already known. Most people don’t

realize that massage can also help the puppy

learn and focus, boost her immune system,

help in recovery from rapid growth and help

to decrease anxiety and stress. The bond that

is experienced with this type of communication

can’t be measured.

Starting to massage your puppy at such an early

age sets her up for a lifetime of trust, respect

and a heck of a lot of good feelings! DNM

Denise Theobald is a licensed and nationally

certified massage therapist. She has been in private

practice for over 22 years, 12 of those years

including canine clients. Denise has taught

canine massage classes for over 10 years and is

owner and director of Canine Massage Chicago.

1. Gently stroke the sides of the puppy’s mouth from the front back to the neck. If the puppy tries to bite, then put a toy or bone in her

mouth. With an in and out technique, gently rub the gums of the mouth with the tips of your fingers. This is great for bite inhibition and

desensitizes the pup for mouth handling.

2. Take your index finger and rub in between the eyes and on the forehead in a to and fro motion. Apply light circular friction to the top of

the head and around the base of the ears. From there, stroke the ears as if you where stroking a rose petal from the base to the tip of the

ear. This is very relaxing and most puppies will enjoy it.

3. With a longer more fluid movement, stroke the top of the head down the neck, shoulders and front leg. This stroke should be very light.

When coming back up the leg stop at the chest and massage the chest and inside of the armpit area. This area is also more receptive to

touch than the back side of the puppy.

4. Move back up to the neck and apply a kneading stroke on both sides of the neck. There is a lot of skin and dense muscle in this area and

even dogs that do not particularly like to be touched like this stroke.

5. With long fluid strokes, travel down the side of the back and down to the hip, being careful not to press down on the spine. Travel down

the back of the leg, applying light circular friction along the way.

6. Move to the underside of the pup and apply a gentle circular friction to the belly in a clockwise direction if you were facing the belly.

7. Travel back to the hip area and, with two hands or fingers, apply some compression on both sides of the upper leg. This is a great move

for reducing soreness in the legs from running and jumping.

8. Gently massage around the tail and gently compress the tail all the way from the base to the tip.

Integrate working on the paws whenever possible. Include general holding of various body parts so that the puppy gets used to static compression.

If the puppy is unwilling, then do little bits at a time and keep trying. Eventually the pup will settle and you can use massage as a settling

tool. Take deep breaths while working, speak softly and smile. You will feel just as good as your puppy does when you are finished.


Arthritis is inflammation of the joint. From the latin, ‘itis’ means inflammation

and ‘arthro’ means joint. There are many causes of arthritis,

such as autoimmune disease, trauma, overuse, infection, aging and

genetics. Osteoarthritis is a degenerative form of arthritis, resulting in

progressive deterioration of the articular cartilage and chronic, painful

inflammation of the joint. The chronic inflammation, in turn, causes an

abundance of destructive metabolites, enzymes and free radicals within

the joint fluid and cartilage. This build-up creates even more inflammation,

resulting in a vicious cycle of inflammation, pain and destruction.

The goals of treatment for osteoarthritis are to reduce pain and inflammation,

slow down degeneration, improve and maintain joint function,

improve nutrition to the joints, improve range of motion and prevent

muscle loss. Thankfully, there are numerous natural choices for arthritis


Arthritis can present differently in individual dogs. Some may be more

symptomatic in damp weather, some may prefer to lie on the affected

joints, some may be worse with activity and some may be better with

activity. It is important to know how each dog presents when choosing

the right foods and supplements because they also have their own

energetics and properties. For example, foods can move energy or slow

it down, move energy in different directions, be hot/warming, be cold/

cooling or neutral. Certain foods can also make the body more moist

or dry.

Arthritis is considered a form of “stagnation” in Traditional Chinese

Medicine philosophy. This means that the energy is stuck in the joint

which will lead to heat and inflammation - and then pain. Foods that

A Natural Approach to

move the energy and break up the “stiff ” spots are shrimp, oats, alfalfa,

kelp, barley, vinegar, crab, wheat germ, almond, nori, and basil. There

are also certain foods that are anti-inflammatory in nature like apple,

banana, beans, beet, berries, broccoli, cabbage, carrot, cauliflower, celery,

cucumber, garlic, ginger, kale, mango, papaya, parsley, peach, pear,

pumpkin, radish, soybean, spinach, squash, sweet potato, turnip and alfalfa.

Bioflavonoids, (found in quercetin, grape seed extract, pine bark,

green tea, citrus fruits and veggies), are plant pigments that help reduce

inflammation and are also antioxidants. You want to avoid the nightshade

family which includes tomatoes, potatoes, peppers and eggplant:

these are inflammatory.

There are many supplements and products to help protect the joints and

the surrounding tissues. Most products contain ingredients to decrease

inflammation and improve the environment within the joints. Commonly

used supplements include Glucosamine, Chondroitin, Green-

Lipped Mussel, MSM, Calcium, Manganese, Magnesium, Zinc, Silicon,

Vitamin C and Hyaluronic Acid.

Other supplements to consider include Cetyl-meristoleate which is a

natural anti-inflammatory and pain killer. It is a component of the fat

of whales, beavers, bovines, mice and the African Kombo nut. The essential

fatty acid, Omega 3, is another important supplement that can

reduce inflammation. Omega 3 should be given every day in the form

of DHA and EPA pills, oils or by feeding fish.

Herbs, like food, can have energetic and even pharmacological properties.

Some common anti-inflammatory herbs are Ginger (it has been

shown that Ginger extract can inhibit or deactivate genes in our body

that encode the molecules involved in chronic inflammation), Mead-

by: Julie Mayer DVM Managing Arthritis

32 May/June 2011 | Dogs Naturally Magazine

Physically treating the body is also a necessity for arthritis

management. Here are some physical modalities that are


Acupuncture can help relieve pain and inflammation and

tone the muscles, tendons, and ligaments.

Chiropractic will help keep the musculoskeletal system in

alignment and help decrease compensatory issues.

Aquatic therapy is the safest exercise because the buoyancy

of the water decreases concussive forces on the joints.

The resistance of the water increases muscle mass and

strength and improves range of motion of the joints. The

warm water will increase circulation and make the tissues

more relaxed and flexible.

Massage will increase blood flow, decrease muscle spasms,

improve flexibility and decrease pain.

Heat will help increase circulation to the area and improve

extensibility and thus range of motion.

Cold applied to the tissues, especially in the presence of

inflammation, will slow electrical flow to the brain and act

as a pain killer and also decrease inflammation and edema.

Exercise has its obvious benefits, especially for the overweight

pet. Many orthopedic issues can be curtailed just

by losing weight.

owsweet (acetylsalicylic acid), Turmeric, Bromelain, Boswelia, White

Willow Bark, Devil’s Claw, Comfrey, Chamomile, Yucca, and Yarrow.

Traditional Chinese Medicine herbal formulas are able to correct dampness

(cold or hot) in the body, move stagnation and phlegm, and warm

or cool the tissues. The following Chinese herbs can be beneficial for

arthritis. Morinda root is said to strengthen the entire skeletal system

and reinforce bone density: it is a top Chinese herb for strengthening

the joints. Mellettia clears damp, painful stagnation. Stagnation in

the joints eventually creates heat and inflammation and bamboo is used

to Clear Heat. Du huo is a traditional Chinese herb used to support

Mellitia in drying out dampness and alleviating pain. Cynomorium is

a superb tonic and is a key herb for joint pain. Eucommia strengthens

the bones and muscles and heals injured and weakened tissues.

Frankincense (Boswellia) is an excellent herb for reducing joint pain

and improving osteoarthritic conditions. Achyranthes is used to break

up stagnation, strengthen joints, and relieve lower back pain. Poria is a

fungus that grows on the roots of pine trees and is widely used in Chinese

herbalism to leach out dampness, drain phlegm, and move stagnation.

Myrrh breaks up stagnation and reduces swelling. Horny Goat

Weed (Epimedium) strengthens bones and joints and reduces numbness

in the extremities.

Dogs Naturally Magazine | May/June 2011

Homeopathic remedies are also effective for arthritis. Arnica is a general

pain killer. Aconitum napellus is used for pain and inflammation

that are worse with cold weather. Rhus toxicodendron is for stiffness

and lameness that are worse when one first gets up. Bryonia is best

if symptoms are worse after exertion. Calcarea phosphorica can help

reduce calcification and bone spurs. Ruta graveolens helps lameness and

stiffness which are worse with damp.

What could be more natural than exercising and moving the body and

getting the heart rate up? Climbing stairs, hills, weaving through cones,

walking over bars and objects, walking on air mattresses or pillows, balancing

on physioballs and rubber discs are not just for people – they

are great therapy for dogs too. There are a lot of rehabilitation centers

popping up all over the country where all ages of dogs can work out, lose

weight and improve their body condition. Physical therapy can be an

important addition to supplements, herbs and remedies.

There are many options you can offer your dog without the side effects

of drugs. Be sure to discuss these options with your dog’s health care

provider and make sure you are doing all you can to make him more

comfortable. Enjoy a safe and natural approach to improving your dog’s

health and quality of life - and increasing everyone’s longevity! DNM

Dr. Julie Mayer has been practicing veterinary medicine since 1991. She

has dedicated most of her career to holistic medicine and rehabilitation.

Dr. Mayer owned Integrative Pet Care and operated Therapet, two rehabilitation

and holistic centers in Illinois. Dr Mayer was named one of

“Chicago’s Best Vets” by Chicago Magazine and most recently received the

2010 Iams Eukanuba AARV Award for excellence in the field of Veterinary




Holistic Healing Acupuncture

Homeopathy Nutrition

Rehabilitation Chiropractic

Herbs Mach Morsels

Sports Medicine Reiki

Flower Essences Seminars and Webinars




PUPPY training GAMES

by: Pamela Johnson

Puppies are sponges and will learn whether we teach them or not. It

helps to have a plan and know ahead of time what you do and do not

want your puppy to learn. Once you know what you want to teach your

puppy, use fun and rewarding games to show what you expect from

him. Training games teach the puppy that being with you is fun and

highly reinforcing. Your puppy can learn to be well-behaved through

the use of impulse control, confidence building, and attention games.

Who doesn’t like to play games? Games are fun for both puppies and

owners. Training games keep the participants (both humans and dogs),

engaged in the learning process. By making training enjoyable, the

bond between you and your puppy will be strengthened. Playing games

is a great way to spend quality time with your puppy.

Impulse Control Games

Self-control is essential for safety and promotes good behavior. Learning

impulse control teaches your puppy that he does not always get what

he wants. Any puppy or dog can learn self-control. Teaching a puppy to

control himself will help him transfer that learning to other situations.

It might take many repetitions and practice in various environments,

but the puppy will learn to generalize behaviors.

Go Wild and Freeze:

Invented by: September Morn, trainer/owner of “Dogs Love School”,

Shelton, WA.

This is a great game for energetic dogs or puppies that jump up on people

when overexcited. This game encourages dogs to sit politely when

asked, even when wound up. Go Wild and Freeze becomes even more

fun when children are included as players in the game. It teaches kids a

positive way to play with puppies and how to manage behavior.

Step 1: Teach your puppy to sit for a treat by holding a cookie just above

his nose, then moving it toward the back of his head. As the puppy looks

upward for the treat, his rear will go to the floor in a sit. Click or praise

and give the treat.

Step 2: Teach the kids and other players how to get the dog to sit for


Step 3: Call “Go Wild!” and have everyone jump around, wiggle, wave

arms, and make happy sounds. After a few seconds, call “Freeze!” and

have everyone stop and stand tall. When the action stops, the player

closest to the dog asks him to sit and rewards with a treat. Then start

another round. Each time wait a little longer before calling “Freeze”. After

a few rounds, the puppy will automatically sit when the players stop

and stand tall.

Training Tip: You can use this game to practice other behaviors such as

down, stand, or even a stay.

Confidence Building Game

It is important to build your puppy’s confidence and teach him how to

be secure in the human world. The more experiences you can give your

puppy, the better. By teaching your puppy how to interact with his environment,

your puppy will be able to conquer anything that comes his way.

Check It Out

The Check It Out game encourages your puppy to explore his environment

without force or intimidation.

Step 1: Take an object that you know your puppy will like and tell him

to Check It Out: when he looks at it, click or praise and treat. When he

interacts with the item in any way, click or praise and treat.

Step 2: Take an object that your dog has not seen, but WILL NOT be

afraid of, and allow him to Check It Out”. Make sure you click or praise

and treat your puppy for interacting with the item.

Step 3: Take it on the road. Play the Check It Out game around anything

that could possibly be scary and turn that item into a fun opportunity

to learn about the world. Don’t forget to click or praise and give

treats for all appropriate interactions with items in the environment.

Training Tip: Start playing this game with things that are NOT scary

to your puppy. Build up a strong successful history of playing the game

before trying this with an item that your dog might be afraid of. Make

sure to only play this game in a safe secure environment, either on leash

34 May/June 2011 | Dogs Naturally Magazine

or off leash. DO NOT play this game when meeting other dogs, people

or children as you can’t predict the behavior of other living beings. It is

extremely important to set your puppy up for success and for all interactions

to be positive.

Attention Games

Attention games teach your puppy that looking and listening to you

pays off. Being able to get your dog’s attention could possibly save his

life. If you want your puppy’s attention, you should be the producer of

all good things for your puppy.

The Name Game

This game will teach your puppy his name and helps build a positive

association with his name.

Step 1: Say they pup’s name and give him a piece of yummy food or play

a fun game of tug (if your puppy enjoys tug). Repeat step one about 10

times for now, but repeat as often as you can.

Step 2: Wait until your puppy is slightly distracted and say his name.

When he turns to look at you, click (for his head turning in your direction),

or praise, and give him a yummy treat. Remember, a reward

could be food, toys or anything he finds valuable. In this case, it is much

easier to use food. Next, move away from your puppy and say his name,

then click or praise and treat him for looking at you. Make sure you

reward close to your body to get your puppy used to being close to you.

You want him to hear his name and always turn and look at you. Repeat

a few times a day and do not forget to reward your puppy.

Training tips: Do not over-use your puppy’s name without giving him

a reward. I know you probably love his name, but refrain from saying

it to just say it. Only use his name when you really need his attention.

Otherwise, use nicknames or call him pup-pup. If you use his name a

lot and reward only a little, his name will lose its value and end up going

in one ear and out the other.

Make sure you use high value rewards; the good stuff like real meat and

cheese! Behavior is a result of its consequences, so the yummier the consequence,

the stronger the behavior. In a nutshell, don’t be stingy with

treats or play time!

Watch Me Game

This game will teach your puppy to give you attention without asking for

it. It is important to let the puppy choose to look at you. Why not just tell

the puppy what to do? If you constantly tell the dog or puppy what to

do, he will never learn on his own and will rely on your guidance to help

him throughout life. Dogs can think and learn for themselves. So, with

the Watch Me game, you are not going to say a word!

Step 1: Have your clicker and treats on you and get ready. Start by

sitting in a chair and wait for your puppy to look at you. The instant

that your puppy looks at you, click and toss him a treat on the ground

slightly away from you. This will get your puppy to move away, which

sets him up to look at you again. When he does look, click and toss

another treat.

Step 2: Repeat step one, standing. Wait until the puppy voluntarily

looks at you, then click and toss a treat.

Step 3: Once your puppy is really good at watching you, move around

and challenge your puppy to find your eyes and, when he does, click

and toss a treat. Be creative and reward your puppy for watching you.

Dogs Naturally Magazine | May/June 2011

Training Tips: Start this game inside your house or somewhere with

low-level distractions. If the puppy is at the end of the leash, sniffing

around and he couldn’t care less about you, set him up for success by

shortening the leash and not allowing him as much space to move

around. Eventually he will get bored with his environment and look at

you; at that second you want to click and toss a treat. Set your dog up

to succeed by slowly adding distractions. If at any time you go to an

environment where your puppy just can’t seem to focus on you, go to an

easier location, create more distance between the puppy and the distractions

or go back later, after you’ve had more practice time.

If you do not want to use a clicker, you can say ‘Yes’ instead or simply

praise. A clicker however, is much more precise at marking the desired

behavior which means your puppy will learn the game faster.

A dog’s life is too short, so make your training time quality time.

Through focused playtime you will create the most amazing relationship

with your dog; a true friendship that you both will treasure for a

lifetime! DNM

Pamela Johnson B.S., M.A., CPDT-KA has a background in education

and she is a natural teacher of all things. Her passion is using positive

reinforcement/clicker training to train tricks for canine freestyle, agility,

and to solve dog behavior problems. Pamela is the co-founder of the San

Diego Canine Freestylers.

Pamela’s family consists of a Husky Mix (Isabelle), Two Border Collies

(Bandit & Twix), Cat (Sabrina) and husband (Marxsen). Pamela competes

with her dogs in agility and canine freestyle; but enjoys every waking

moment with her dogs. She is known for posting free dog training videos

on YouTube under the channel ‘pamelamarxsen’, in the hopes that people

around the World will see that positive reinforcement training is a magical

way to train and that it works! Pamela is also the owner of Pam’s Dog

Academy www.pamsdogacademy.com


Welcoming a new puppy into your home is an

exciting time, and for many people, there is a

lot to learn. It can take a huge amount of dedication

to ensure that a puppy is raised to be

a healthy, polite adult dog. Along with choosing

a puppy from a responsible, ethical breeder

(or a shelter or reputable rescue organization),

there is a great deal you can do to promote

your new family member’s optimal long-term


It’s helpful at the outset to find a veterinarian

whose values and approach to health are in

line with your own. Your breeder may be able

to recommend a vet, or you can consult www.

ahvma.org, the web site for the American Holistic

Veterinary Medical Association – an excellent

resource on complimentary veterinary

care, with a list of member vets nationwide.

Of course, one of the keys to long-term health

and vitality for all living things is a wholesome,

healthy diet. Health and nutrition are inextricably

linked and starting your puppy off on the

right track with a high quality diet can set him

up for a lifetime of good health. Nutrition is

the cornerstone for total wellbeing, and while

some dogs do end up living to a ripe old age after

a lifetime of consuming bad quality grocery

brand food, the chances of good health and

longevity are vastly improved when nutrition

is better. We wouldn’t expect to achieve optimal

long term health on a diet of nothing but

fast food and we shouldn’t assume our dogs

will either.

Many low-grade commercial pet foods contain

a cocktail of chemical preservatives such

as BHA, BHT and Ethoxyquin which can be

Nutrition with Lucy

by: Lucy Postins

About the column: There are many diverse opinions on what’s best to feed a dog. Debates

about raw versus cooked and grain versus no-grain (among other things) abound and all have

merit. My goal with this column is to provide an over-arching look at the basic principles of

nutrition for those just getting started with the move away from highly processed diets such as

kibble and cans to a fresher and more varied way of feeding. This column takes a ‘moderate’

approach to nutrition with an emphasis on treating each dog as an individual.

damaging to the liver and even carcinogenic.

These foods also contain fillers, by-products

and various poor quality ingredients, which

are essentially waste from other industries and

are unfit for human consumption – but end

up in pet food rendering plants as a means of

disposal because they cannot be utilized anywhere

else. Many of the major multi-national

conglomerates have pet foods within their

product portfolios and there is speculation

that this is, at least in part, a practical measure

which means that by-products from their other

businesses such as breakfast cereal, brewing

and dairy products can be efficiently utilized

without going to waste.

Because of the dramatic increase in allergies,

immune problems and disease following the

introduction of commercial pet foods many

years ago, lots of people have decided to begin

making their own puppy food. A well balanced

home-made diet can be an excellent source of

nutrition but can be time-consuming to prepare.

The meat you feed may be raw or cooked, depending

on your own beliefs and comfort level.

Your breeder or holistic vet may be able to

give you some guidance on this. Many people

prefer to lightly cook the meat for very young

pups and gradually phase in raw meat as they

get a little older.

Another option is to feed a commercially prepared

raw (or other minimally processed) type

of food, which is closer to a dog’s natural diet

and much richer in nutritional content. Less

processing means a higher proportion of the

vitamins, minerals, enzymes and phytonutrients

are retained in the raw ingredients – and

fewer nutrients have to be added in the form

of a ‘premix’.

When you first bring a new puppy home, it’s

preferable to continue feeding him whatever

food the breeder (or rescue) was feeding previously.

Moving to a new home and leaving behind

litter mates and familiar surroundings is

actually quite disruptive for a puppy, and occasionally,

this anxiety alone can cause mild digestive

upset or a lessened appetite. Therefore,

it’s much better to wait for a couple of weeks

until your puppy is fully settled in, before attempting

to change the food if you don’t plan

to feed exactly what the breeder sent you home

with. This will prevent you from accidentally

ruling out a new diet because the pup appeared

not to like it, or because it seemed to cause gastrointestinal

upset that was actually related to

settling in to a new home.

As far as the nutritional content of a puppy’s

diet is concerned, it’s important to understand

how a growing pup’s needs differ from those of

an adult dog. Puppies require more calories to

support proper growth and development. Ideally,

most of those calories should come from

protein and fat. Puppies should not be overfed

to the point of gaining excess body weight.

They should be fed a sufficient amount to retain

a lean figure and maintain a visible ‘waist’

as they develop and mature.

For large and giant breed puppies, it’s particularly

important to not over-feed or provide too

many calories, especially during rapid growth

periods. This can cause the pup to grow too

fast, which may result in developmental bone

and joint problems in later life.

Puppies also have slightly different mineral

needs. Of particular interest are Calcium and

Phosphorus. Not only are the actual levels

important, but also the ratios of one to the

other. The diet should contain between 1:1

and 2:1 parts Calcium to Phosphorus. Excessive

amounts of Calcium should be avoided

in large and giant breed pups because of their

increased propensity to develop bone and joint


36 May/June 2011 | Dogs Naturally Magazine

That being said, there is a tendency toward

excessive focus on percentages and milligrams

of particular nutrients in this country,

and this is frequently propagated by the

big-industry players who want to blind pet

owners with science and convince them that

they’re incapable of taking charge of their

own animals’ nutrition. They also vehemently

advise against mixing any sort of ‘people food’

with their commercial products for fear of

throwing off the delicate nutritional balance.

The reason? They want pet guardians to feed

as much of their product as possible. If you

supplement with your own ingredients, you’ll

likely feed less of their food, which means less

money in their pockets.

In contrast, many holistic veterinarians and

natural rearing breeders (as well as some

manufacturers of raw, niche and alternative

food formats), advocate dietary variety. It’s

not the end of the world if a dog consumes a

little more calcium one day and less the next;

or less protein for a day or two and then a

number of meat-rich meals thereafter. Most

humans don’t know how many milligrams

of phosphorus they consume in a given day

and it’s acceptable for dog nutrition to be approached

the same way; provided nutritional

balance is achieved over a period of time, and

there’s sufficient dietary variety to provide a

balanced, broad spectrum of nutrition over a

period of a week or two.

Puppies do need to eat more frequently than

adult dogs. Four meals a day are often neces-

Dogs Naturally Magazine | May/June 2011

sary for very young pups and even an eight-

week-old puppy will likely consume three

daily meals at least for the first few weeks in

his new home. It’s important to ensure your

schedule can accommodate this lunch time

meal for the first few weeks, or make alternative

arrangements if needed.

It’s important to remember that each puppy

is an individual and your pup may have quite

different needs (or appetite) from his litter

mates. Also, for larger breeds in particular

who can appear to have grown half an inch

after a simple afternoon nap, their requirements

may adjust from day to day. The key

is to allow your puppy to guide you. Keep a

close eye on his body weight and feed enough

to keep him lean but not ‘ribby’, and certainly

not too plump.

In addition to feeding a healthy diet, it is

important to try to feed only good quality,

natural treats to your puppy for rewards and

training. raw beef marrow bones (also called

soup bones) make an excellent treat between

meals. Your puppy will not actually eat these,

but gnaw on them in delight! These are available

from many supermarkets and will help

with teething and also keep adult dogs’ teeth

clean and sparkling white, as well as helping

to reduce the risk of periodontal disease.

The benefits of a good, wholesome, natural

diet are numerous. The consumption of a

minimally processed diet is commonly associated

with increased strength and vitality,

‘happy’ eyes and freedom from chronic skin

and health problems such as dry hair, excessive

scratching, ear infections and digestive

problems. A common sense approach to nutrition

and a nourishing, biologically appropriate

diet can set your puppy up for a lifetime

of great health. DNM

Lucy Postins is a companion animal nutritionist

and founder of The Honest Kitchen, a

natural pet food company in San Diego, CA.

Lucy is guardian to Willow and Taro, two Rhodesian

Ridgebacks and Indian, a mischievous

rescued Coonhound. In addition to the dogs,

she also cares for two young daughters, a former

racehorse, an elderly pony and a husband.


Offering Board Certification in

Animal Naturopathy for the

Professional Natural Animal

Health Practitioner and Consultant

Apply now for your

certification exam




Please note that not all questions can be answered.

Email your questions to Pat Miller:


I am adopting a one year old Chow mix next

week and he seems to be pretty easy going. I

am concerned because I have two cats at home

and I want them to be able to coexist peacefully.

What can I do to help smooth the transition?

It’s important to do a gradual introduction,

especially if you don’t have information on

the dog’s past history with cats. Hopefully the

organization you’re adopting from did an assessment

procedure that included some sort

of introduction to cats, to determine if the dog

showed obvious signs of inappropriate catrelated


In any case, you can start by making sure your

cats have plenty of safety zones where the dog

can’t go. We have a baby gate across the stairway

so our cats can enjoy a dog-free upstairs

all day (the dogs do come up to go to bed at

night) and across the door to the room that

has their litter boxes and food dishes. We also

bought a large dollhouse at an auction that sits

in our dining room. The cats can use it as a refuge

to avoid canine harassment when they are


If your cats have been around dogs before, the

transition will go more smoothly - it’s just a

matter of them adapting to a new, hopefully

cat-appropriate dog. If the cats aren’t accustomed

to dogs, or if the dog is inappropriate

with cats, you obviously have a much bigger

challenge on your hands. Nothing is more

exciting to a cat-inappropriate dog than a cat

who bristles and runs away. It’s almost as fun to

harass one who stands and fights. And the risk

of injury to one or both species is high.

So - the dog comes into the house on leash,

with baby gates already in place. Observe his

behavior when he first spies the cats. If you see

a relaxed swishing tail and calm happy face,

you’re in luck - he knows and likes cats. All

you’ll need is a period of close supervision (a

couple of weeks) to be sure that doesn’t change,

and you’re good to go. If, however, you see any

sign of tension or arousal in the dog - ears

pricked hard forward, intense stare, high, fastwagging

tail, straining at the leash, vocalizing

- you’re in for a long haul.

The instant you see any tension - either with

the first introduction or later on, start feeding

your dog very high value treats (I like to use

chicken). The greater the tension, the more

important it is you use very high value meaty

foods - dry cookies won’t do the job. You’re

trying to convince your dog that cats make

chicken happen, so the first thought that enters

his brain when he sees a feline family member

is “chicken!” rather than “chase!” - and he

looks to you for treats rather than taking off

after the cat.

Also, the greater the tension, the more important

it is that his behavior is carefully managed

with a leash whenever the cats are around, so

he can’t go after them, get reinforced for his inappropriate

behavior and possibly injure or kill

a cat. When our Scottish Terrier decided a new

kitten we brought home might be prey (even

though we already had two cats in the home)

I worked with him on-leash with chicken for

several weeks, and we didn’t leave them home

alone together (they were closed in separate

rooms) for a good six months. Happily, they

became very good friends.

Every time someone opens the front door at our

house, our dog bolts through the doorway and

runs wild through the neighborhood. It’s irritating

the neighbors and scaring us to death - she’s

been hit by a car once already; fortunately she

wasn’t badly hurt. But I’m afraid she won’t be

so lucky next time. We’ve taken her to obedience

class but it hasn’t helped. Is there anything we

can do?

Scary indeed - hazards for dogs running out

doors and running amok in neighborhoods

are legion, including everything from being hit

by a car, as you’ve already experienced, to complaints

to Animal Control or worse, a neighbor

deciding to take matters into his own hands.

You must stop this behavior!

There are several things you can do. You can

teach your dog a good solid “Wait” cue, and

make sure everyone uses it when the door

opens. You can construct some sort of “airlock”

either inside the house or outside the

door. Inside, put up one or more baby gates to

make the entry around your door a dog-free

zone. Outside, ideally, put a fenced area (with

a self-closing gate) around the door so even if

she scoots out she’s still contained. If you can’t

manage a fence, an exercise pen outside the

door affixed to something solid might serve

the same purpose. You can also teach her an

emergency stop behavior.

Ultimately, a dog who will come when called

is your best solution for this, or any situation

where she might accidentally slip out of a

contained space (your car, for example, when

you’re away from home). One round of obedience

classes is rarely enough to help you instil

really solid good manners - especially the recall.

Many dog owners don’t realize how much

effort it takes to teach a really solid recall for

most dogs. One important point is that you

never scold your dog when you do catch up

with her or when she comes to you, no matter

how tired, worried, angry or frustrated you

are. That only teaches her to play keep-away

even more, to avoid punishment.

Training your dog is a lifetime endeavor. If you

don’t want to do more classes, look for a qualified

positive reinforcement-based trainer to

work with you one-on-one to teach the “Wait”

behavior, and help you train an emergency

stop and/or a rock-solid recall. It’s really worth

the effort, if you want your girl to live to a ripe

old age. DNM

Pat Miller is a Certified Dog and Horse Behavior

Consultant and Certified Professional Dog

Trainer. She offers classes, behavior modification

services, training clinics and academies for

trainers at her 80 acre Peaceable Paws training

facility in Fairplay, Maryland (US), and presents

seminars worldwide. She has authored

“The Power of Positive Dog Training,” “Positive

Perspectives,” “Positive Perspectives 2,” “Play

With Your Dog,” and “Do-Over Dogs.” Miller

shares her home with husband Paul, five dogs,

three cats, five horses, a donkey and a potbellied

pig. To learn more about Pat, visit: www.


38 May/June 2011 | Dogs Naturally Magazine

Finding Jack

Dogs Naturally Magazine | May/June 2011


essentials for your dog

Tripett is 100% pure meat with no fillers, preservatives or artificial ingredients. The original formula is

made from pure, unbleached Green Beef Tripe. Tripett contains all the partially digested grasses in a cow’s

stomach and is rich in digestive enzymes, essential fatty acids and many other nutrients important to your

dog’s health. Also available in lamb and venison.

Find a retailer at: www.tripett.com

Jake’s Remedy

This all purpose, all natural, medicinal skin care product is

made from quality essential oils. Jake’s Remedy helps heal hot

spots, dry skin, bald spots, fungus, ring worm and promotes

hair growth.

Ingredients: Water, Apricot Kernel Oil, Essential Oils, Dispersa

(an all natural emulsifier containing vitamins C and E). Comes

in 8 ounce spray bottle ($14.95) and a 16 ounce refill bottle

($26.95). Available at Frogworks: www.ffrogworks.com


Finally, an earth-friendly fabric toy that can stand up

to the toughest dogs! The Eco-Fetcher is made from

hemp, the strongest Natural Fiber on Earth and is available

in three fetchable sizes: 5” ($8.99), 7” ($11.99) and

9” ($15.99). Available at Honest Pet Products:


A controversial new novel, entitled Finding Jack, (St Martin’s Press, New York, February 2011) offers a fictional

account of what a soldier endures after learning that the dog which served his platoon with such distinction

in Vietnam, has been classified as “surplus military equipment” by the U.S. Government at the end of

the conflict, and is ordered to be left behind. Although Finding Jack is a work of fiction, it is based on actual

events at the end of the Vietnam War and was written to highlight the little-known plight of the Vietnam War

Dogs. Available at Amazon: www.amazon.com


across the pond

with: Catherine O'Driscoll


People often ask my advice about the best time to vaccinate their puppies,

and which schedule they should adopt. However, I don’t vaccinate

- at all. I fully appreciate that my stance is a radical one, and that it

might be scary for the majority of dog lovers to fly with a puppy in their

arms without a vaccine safety net.

I also don’t believe in giving advice. You don’t need someone telling

you what to do. We’ve had veterinarians telling us to vaccinate our dogs

every year since the 1970’s, and look where that got us. Rather, you need

truthful information so you can make your own informed and loving


So, first off, I’m going to give you information to explain why not vaccinating

at all is a legitimate option. And secondly, I’m going to give

you some science so that, if you do decide to vaccinate, you can try to

minimize the risks.


People often say to me that they don’t vaccinate their dogs; before adding

… “just the puppy shots”. Forgive me, but if you give any vaccines

at all, then you vaccinate. Most of the time, the puppy-shots-only approach

gives permanent immunity to Distemper, Parvovirus and Hepatitis/Adenovirus,

with no apparent adverse effects. But then, people

wonder why their dog itches all the time, or is hand-shy, or develops an

immune-mediated disease such as cancer, Addison’s disease, or arthritis,

months or even years down the line. Very rarely do they link these

illnesses to the puppy shots they gave them.

Dr Jean W. Dodds tells us: “The onset of adverse reactions to conventional

vaccinations (or other inciting drugs, chemicals, or infectious

agents) can be an immediate hypersensitivity or anaphylactic reaction,

or can occur acutely (24-48 hours afterwards), or later on (10-45 days)

in a delayed type immune response often caused by immune-complex

formation. Typical signs of adverse immune reactions include fever,

stiffness, sore joints and abdominal tenderness, susceptibility to infections,

central and peripheral nervous system disorders or inflammation,

collapse with auto-agglutinated red blood cells and jaundice, or generalized

pinpoint hemorrhages or bruises. Liver enzymes may be markedly

elevated, and liver or kidney failure may accompany bone marrow

suppression. Furthermore, recent vaccination of genetically susceptible

breeds has been associated with transient seizures in puppies and adult

dogs, as well as a variety of autoimmune diseases including those affecting

the blood, endocrine organs, joints, skin and mucosa, central

nervous system, eyes, muscles, liver, kidneys, and bowel. It is postulated

that an underlying genetic predisposition to these conditions places

other litter mates and close relatives at increased risk. Vaccination of

pet and research dogs with polyvalent vaccines containing rabies virus

or rabies vaccine alone was recently shown to induce production of

antithyroglobulin autoantibodies, a provocative and important finding

with implications for the subsequent development of hypothyroidism

(Scott-Moncrieff et al, 2002).”

“The recently weaned young puppy or kitten entering a new environment

is at greater risk here, as its relatively immature immune system

can be temporarily or more permanently harmed. Consequences in later

life may be the increased susceptibility to chronic debilitating diseases.”

In lay terms, Dr Dodds is basically saying that when you vaccinate your

puppy or adult dog, it could result in an immediate life-threatening allergic

reaction, collapse or death; it could result in the dog suffering

from a serious infection. It could affect his nervous system, giving

rise to inflammation of the brain, behavioral changes, epilepsy, or fullblown

brain damage.

In the longer term, a variety of autoimmune diseases could come from

those one or two puppy shots. This might be constant itchiness, skin

problems, and allergies to the air your dog breathes, the food he eats,

and the environment he comes into physical contact with. The vaccine

could damage his liver, kidneys and heart, or his thyroid – maybe not

immediately, but silently and over time. More serious autoimmune diseases,

such as cancer and leukemia, may also develop, as well as autoimmune

hemolytic anemia and thrombocytopenia.

If you look further into the science, you’ll discover that vaccines can

cause dogs to attack their own DNA; their genetic blueprint. Vaccine

damage thus goes down the line. Holistic practitioners call this the vaccine

miasm. Your dog doesn’t even need to be vaccinated to suffer from

vaccine-induced disease – he’ll inherit it from his ancestors.

Since most dogs these days can be expected to die of cancer, and a high

proportion suffer from arthritis, allergies, epilepsy, and other immunemediated

and inflammatory diseases – all of which are vaccine-associated

– many of us have decided that the risks from a vaccine are far higher

than the risk of catching Distemper or Parvo.


Diet is the cornerstone of health, and the first line of defense against

viral and bacterial disease. So those of us who consciously choose not

40 May/June 2011 | Dogs Naturally Magazine

to vaccinate throw out the processed pet food and give our dogs biologically

appropriate food. Something is working with this approach:

most will tell you that their raw-fed, non-vaccinated dogs live long and

healthy lives, rarely needing to see a vet.

Nature’s anti-viral and anti-bacterial solutions include Transfer Factor

(colostrum extract), vitamins D and A, olive leaf extract, grapefruit seed

extract, and garlic. There are more, including the homoeopathic nosodes

(small pills containing trace dilutions of the diseases you would

otherwise vaccinate against).


If you decide you must vaccinate to protect your friend, here are some


1. No vaccine is guaranteed. The interaction between the vaccine,

the environment, and the dog may mean that your dog remains


2. A very small percentage of dogs will never develop immunity, no

matter how often you vaccinate.

3. However, most dogs (98%+) will develop permanent immunity to

the core viral diseases (Distemper, Parvo, Adenovirus) from their

puppy shots. This means they are protected for life.

4. To be (almost) sure of protection, bodies such as the WSAVA recommend

a booster after the age of six months.

5. For political reasons, they add that dogs should be vaccinated no

more frequently than every three years, which many vets take as

permission to revaccinate every three years. Tri-annual vaccination

should be unnecessary (see point 3).

6. You can have your dog titer tested to see if there are circulating antibodies

to the core viral diseases. Dr Ronald D Schultz, the world’s

foremost expert, says that any antibodies at all, at whatever level,

would indicate that the dog is immune. Other experts put a level

on the number of antibodies needed.

7. A dog with circulating antibodies may still come down with the

diseases, depending upon his diet, immune system, and stress status.

Revaccination will not resolve these problems.

8. Different countries have different guidelines for when puppies

should be vaccinated and how often. In the UK, for example, the

general rule is that puppies are vaccinated only twice; in the US,

it’s three times.

Holistic Veterinarian 15 years experience

homeopathics herbs nutrition glandulars acute and chronic disease

Phone consultations welcome -many conditions are helped or cured

9. In North America, Rabies vaccination is mandatory – annually

or tri-annually, depending on where you are. I know many dog

guardians who keep their heads down and ignore this law, since it

is believed by the experts that once a dog is immune to viral disease,

he is immune for years or life.

10. Vaccines for Lyme, Leptospirosis, Coronavirus, Bordetella, and

Parainfluenza are also available. They are deemed ‘non-core’ by

the WSAVA. Many of the experts do not recommend them as they

come with serious adverse effects – and many of them aren’t very


11. It is important to not begin a vaccination program while maternal

antibodies are still active and present in the puppy from the

mother’s colostrum. The maternal antibodies identify the vaccines

as infectious organisms and destroy them before they can stimulate

an immune response, meaning your puppy gets all of the risk and

none of the benefit.

12. Doing a titer three weeks after vaccination can tell you if the maternal

antibodies have waned enough for the vaccine to work.

Dr Ronald Schultz, the hero behind worldwide veterinary vaccine

guideline amendments (which vets are slowly adopting amidst much

kicking and screaming), is on record as saying that you should only give

Distemper once at 10 weeks and Parvo once at 12 weeks, and then check

the blood for antibodies.

Good luck with your choices, and don’t forget that knowledge is power,

and that love is the mightiest power in the world. DNM

Catherine O’Driscoll has been running Canine Health Concern since

1994. In June this year, she spearheaded a campaign to forcefully persuade

the British government to put an end to the normal practice of annually

vaccinating dogs in the UK. To support this campaign, she has written a

369 page response to the UK’s licensing body, the Veterinary Medicines

Directorate. This report is available free by logging onto www.petvaccine.

weebly.com. It contains the science to explain why vaccines cause so many

diverse adverse effects in our dogs, and also explains why governments

around the world will not legislate to halt unnecessary vaccination. Catherine

also asks her fellow dog lovers to write to the British government to

lend their voices to the campaign. Contacts and template letters for you to

send are also carried on the site.

Gerald Wessner VMD



Dogs 33 Naturally Magazine | May/June 2011

March/April 2011 | Dogs Naturally Magazine



Secret Garden

Chamomile is an easy-to-grow herb, native to

Europe. This robust annual has naturalized

and can now be found throughout many parts

of the world. In North America, it is commonly

found in sunny areas from Canada to

the Northern States. Chamomile is a daisy-like

flower and blooms from May to October. The

flowers, stems and leaves are pleasant tasting

and can be used as a tea, dried, in a tincture,

or topically.

One of the key uses for Chamomile is for

gastrointestinal ailments. Its anti-spasmodic

and anti-inflammatory properties make it an

excellent choice for diarrhea, indigestion and

gas. It is also a very gentle yet effective wormer

which makes it an excellent choice for puppies.

As a wormer, it can be used alone or, if more

strength is needed, combined with wormwood,

aspidium, garlic or black walnut. It is

important to note that even natural wormers

can create toxicity, so if chamomile is combined

with wormwood, aspidium or black walnut,

milk thistle seed should also be given to

protect the liver.

Chamomile is also useful to keep around for

puppies who are cutting their teeth. It is an

effective analgesic and will help with swollen

gums and toothaches. In older dogs or puppies

going through growing pains, its analgesic

and anti-inflammatory properties can make it

a useful herb for arthritis and swollen, tender


Chamomile might be best known for its sedative

properties. It can safely be used, even in

young animals, to alleviate anxiety, insomnia,

and even aggression. Animal tests have shown

that Chamomile can actually cause a reduction

in aggression. For dogs with motion sick-

ness, it can be used effectively to curb both the

anxiety and digestive upset that accompany car


Chamomile also contains anti-bacterial and

anti-fungal properties. Along with its anti-inflammatory

properties, this makes Chamomile

a good choice for sore, reddened ears and can

be applied topically or given as a dried herb or


Chamomile can also be applied topically as a

tea or salve to speed wound healing and even

retains its sedative properties when applied in

this manner. Chamomile can also be used to

soften the skin and coat and can also alleviate

the stress and itch of allergic skin. For this

reason, Chamomile is used in many cosmetic


Overall, Chamomile is an important herb to

keep in your cupboard. It is gentle enough for

puppies and alleviates many puppy ailments

including digestive upset, worms, growing

pains and teething pains.

Although it is a safe and widely used herb,

Chamomile should not be given to pregnant

females as it can increase the risk of abortion.

It should also not be given to animals on anticoagulants.


42 May/June 2011 | Dogs Naturally Magazine

There’s an exciting event coming that you won’t want to miss. It’s the Nova Scotia Integrative Health

Pet Expo, a 2 day wellness event that offers:

Exhibition Hall - Vendors will display their products and services

Demonstrations - Acupuncture, homeopathy, nutrition and much more

Lecture Series - Veterinarians from Atlantic Canada and the US

Silent Auction

Dartmouth Sportsplex and Holiday Inn

Saturday, Oct 8, 9am-5pm & Sunday, Oct 9, 9am-4:30pm

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animal communicators

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44 May/June 2011 | Dogs Naturally Magazine

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I get the feeling that people who know us keep

their valuables under lock and key when Micah

and I walk by their set ups at shows. I

think they know that Micah is a quick and

efficient toy thief. I first realized the severity

of the problem when I was showing my yellow

lab Caleb at the All-Star Performance Dog

Championship. Micah came along for the ride

and, at the time, he was not even six months

old. It was then that I discovered that Micah

could spot any toy (but especially tug ropes),

within 50 feet with laser-like precision, and

quickly pilfer it without anybody noticing.

At home, the most vulnerable targets are my

slippers and my husband’s baseball caps - as

well as other unmentionable items. After

a successful robbery, Micah gleefully runs

around the house, rolling onto his back with

the forbidden item between his front paws,

playing with it.

This obsession has not improved with age either.

Just recently, I was warming him up at

an obedience trial when his ever-hopeful eyes

locked onto a rope left gleefully unattended in

somebody’s chair. I eyed the rope at the same

moment as Micah and we both dove for it at

the same time. Thankfully, I got there first,

preventing him from furthering his already

tarnished reputation.

Micah also has the habit of sucking on things -

and tug ropes are also his favorite items to suck

on. It’s quite disgusting to be walking through

the house in my bare feet and step on a squishy,

freshly sucked-upon rope. At first, I was not

really concerned about his habit of sucking on

tug ropes, but one night changed all that.

My husband and I were sitting in our living

room watching TV with the boys all settled in.

Micah had begun to suck on a tug rope that

someone had given him as a present. It was a

lovely hand-made rope with a knot at one end

Living and Training with MICAH

The trials and tribulations of living with a naturally reared dog

by: Susan Jenkins

and a handle at the other. This night, Micah

was happily sucking at the knotted end when,

suddenly, he jumped up and was in a panic,

running through our living room. We noticed

at the same time that only the knotted end of

the rope was sticking out of his mouth. The

rest he had apparently swallowed. If you have

ever tried to catch a dog that is running around

in a panicked state, I pray you never find out

how difficult it can be. Lew and I finally got

hold of him and I was able to pull the rope out

of his mouth. It promptly went into the trash.

To this day, I am so grateful that we were home

with him or it could have had very tragic results.

That same night, all ropes that did not

have large ends on them went into the trash.

Soon afterward, I also began working on

breaking his sucking habit. He rarely sucks

on his ropes these days, and if I do catch him

sucking on one, I break his focus and hand

him one of his bones to chew on instead.

I have to watch Micah with toys too. Not long

after the tug rope incident, he was playing with

his Aussie girlfriend. They were playing with

a tennis ball with a squeaker inside, covered

with furry fabric. They had a grand time running

and playing keep-away. Micah would roll

on his back with the toy between his front feet

and she would take it from him and the chase

would then be on again.

During one of the play sessions, the toy mysteriously

disappeared. We looked and looked

for it but could not find it. We finally gave up

our search, figuring it would turn up sooner

or later. Early in the morning a couple of days

later, I could hear Micah starting to heave and

then he threw up. I went to check on him and

saw what looked like a pile of stool. I thought

“Great! He swallowed the toy and now we

have a blockage.” I got some toilet paper to

clean up the mess, only to discover that it was

the missing toy! I could not believe Micah had

swallowed it. Once again, we went through

the toy box and got rid of anything that was

small enough for him to swallow. Micah’s cov-

eted toy collection is really starting to shrink.

Maybe this is why he needs to steal more toys.

The most important thing Micah has stolen

is some of my time with Caleb. Caleb and I

have been training and competing for over

seven and a half years now. But, transition

is inevitable. My instructor contacted me recently

to ask what I had planned for the boys

for the next session of our class. She told me

she wanted to move Micah into Caleb’s class

slot because some of her other classes were

getting too big and she needed to move some

dogs around. The concern was that Micah

would begin to regress due to the lack of challenge

if he stayed in the class he had been in. I

knew the day would come that I would not be

in class with Caleb, but when she asked me if

I would consider it, I was crushed. Yes, I even

shed some tears. I just could not imagine not

being in class with Caleb.

A couple weeks before this, my instructor and

I were talking and I mentioned that I had already

begun to feel my heart of shifting more

to Micah but I could not just stop with Caleb.

Since we are still trying to get those final points

for his Obedience Trial Championship, she assured

me that I could come in early when I

needed to, so I could work on whatever I needed

to before a show. But these days, it is now

Micah and Mom, M&M, going to class-just the

two of us. Transition is difficult, but it is good,

too. I continue to look forward to training and

competing with Micah and continuing to develop

a bond as strong as the one that Caleb

and I share. DNM

Susan Jenkins has been training and competing

for almost 30 years, and presently owns Papp’s

Dog Services in Akron, Ohio. Susan is currently

working on her AKC Obedience Trial Championship

with her yellow Lab, Caleb, and has

started competing with her black Lab, Micah.

Her desire is to give people the tools they need

to have a well behaved member of the family

and to introduce more people into the sport of


46 May/June 2011 | Dogs Naturally Magazine

Pain Doesn’t Discriminate

One in five dogs is affected by arthritis.

The good news is there are steps you can take to prevent this from happening.

Along with regular exercise and a healthy diet, adding LubriSyn to the mix will take your dog out

of that statistic. LubriSyn is a natural hyaluronan supplement that replenishes healthy joint fluid

the way nature intended.

www.LubriSyn.com 1-800-901-9498

Visit us on and Use Promotion Code “painfree” to get 25% off your purchase!

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w Soothe Joints: maintains a

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Complimentary and compatible with

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w Comfort Aches: useful for pets

experiencing discomfort from everyday

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a bottle on hand for occasional or

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w Support Immunity: maintains and

supports a healthy immune system by

tonifying the dog’s level of Qi.

w Athlete: supports the athletic

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for Pets

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