SPRING 2015Illuminatingdisability, insidethe classroomand outUnearthing Southern History | Art with an Edge | New Chemical Bonds

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SPRING 2015contentsVOL. 91, NUMBER 1FEATURES20 Buried TruthsFor some families who carry the scars of civil rights–eraviolence, it’s too late for justice—but not for deeperknowledge and understanding, thanks to Emory’sGeorgia Civil Rights Cold Cases Project.BY MARIA M. LAMEIRAS26 Disability VisibilityAs the Americans with Disabilities Act turns twenty-BY PAIGE P. PARVIN 96G32 Chemical BondsThe Center for Selective C-H Functionalization,supported by the National Science Foundation andheadquartered at Emory, is changing the way chemistryresearch is conducted around the world.BY CAROL CLARK36 More Than Just a Pretty PictureAtlanta artist Fahamu Pecou 16PhD challenges theworld with his bold creative vision and himself as a PhDstudent in Emory’s Institute of the Liberal Arts.BY KIMBER WILLIAMS42 Next Chapter in HIV ResearchYerkes National Primate Research Center has a newdirector and big, bold ideas about the future of HIVresearch.BY DANA GOLDMANPECOU: BRYAN MELTZ; WATERHUB: ANN BORDENOn the cover: Illustration byStephanie Dalton.ONLINE AT WWW.EMORY.EDU/MAGAZINEV I D E O : D O O LE Y ’ S WEEKRelive the Emory tradition of Dooley’s Week and seehow current celebrations measure up to the past.More on page 8.V I D E O : WAT E R H U B I N AC T I O NThe Emory WaterHub, an innovative new waterreclamation facility, celebrated its grand opening inApril. Story on page 16.VIDEO: A PUBLIC VOICEEmory’s Disability Studies Initiative hosts a number ofvideos on Emory’s YouTube channel about its mission,events, and current research. Story on page 26.SPRING 2015 magazine 1

6 Salman rushdieDepArtMeNtS4 PRELUDE From the editor6 OF NOTE Salman rushdieconcludes his role asuniversity Distinguishedprofessor14 FACULTY BOOK Jimgrimsley’s Southern memoir,How I Shed My Skin15 IN CLASS Seeing the bigpicture of the ‘big c’ALuMNi regiSter50 EMORY EVERYWHERE happeningsfrom Atlanta to Asia56 ALUMNI INK reading the bones58 ALUMNI ACCLAIM Kathy Tomajko79G honored with the turman Award forexemplary service to the library professionand the community63 PROFILE Ross Bradford 98OX 00C ofthe National trust64 TRIBUTE Claude Sitton 47OX 49C,fearless civil rights chronicler68 CODA Opening Minds: When disabilitygets personalRusHDiE: Ann BoRDEn; EmoRy EvERyWHERE: CouRtEsty of tHE EmoRy Alumni AssoCiAtion10 SECRET LIVES FelipeLobelo, associate professorof global health and soccerplayer12 STUDENTS Support growsfor student entrepreneurs13 DOOLEY NOTED emorypast and present, on the samemap16 HEADLINES emory in thenews17 OFFICE HOURS curatorrandall burkett on organizingyour personal archive18 RESEARCH New hope for atb vaccine50Alumnioutreachin AsiaEditorPaige P. Parvin 96Gpaige.parvin@emory.eduAssociate EditorMaria M. Lameirasmaria.lameiras@emory.eduArt DirectionLaDonna CherryLead PhotographerKay HintonCopy EditorJane HowellAdvertising ManagerEd MoseleyPhotographersAnn BordenTom Brodnax 65OX 68CJack KearseBryan MeltzContributorsJulie Schwietert Collazo97OX 99CCarol ClarkProduction ManagerGary GoettlingStuart TurnerDana GoldmanJoel Michael Reynolds14G 16PhDMichelle ValigurskyKimber Williams2 magazine SPRING 2015Senior Vice President,Communications andPublic AffairsJerry LewisAssociate Vice President,Marketing andCommunicationsDavid JohnsonExecutive Director,Emory Creative GroupSusan Carini 04GUniversity PresidentJames W. WagnerEmory Magazine Editorial Advisory BoardAngela Bostick04MBAAssociate Dean,Marketing andCommunications,GoizuetaBusiness SchoolHalli Cohn 90LMember, EmoryAlumni BoardVincent DollardAssociate VicePresident forCommunications,Woodruff HealthSciences CenterSteve FennessyEditor, AtlantaMagazineHank KlibanoffJames M. CoxJr. Chair inJournalismRosemary Magee82PhDDirector,Manuscript,Archives, andRare BookLIbraryCathy WootenCommunicationsDirector,Oxford CollegeSarah Cook 95CSenior AssociateVice President,Emory AlumniAssociationGary Hauk91PhDVice Presidentand Deputy tothe PresidentEMORY MAGAZINE (USPS-175-420)is published quarterly at 1762Clifton Road, Plaza 1000, Atlanta,Georgia 30322. Periodicals postagepaid at Atlanta, Georgia, and additionalmailing offices.POSTMASTER: send address changesto OFFICE OF ALUMNI ANDDEVELOPMENT RECORDS,1762 Clifton Road, Suite 1400,Atlanta, Georgia 30322.Emory Magazine is distributed freeto all alumni and to parents of undergraduates,as well as to other friendsof the university. Address changesmay be sent to the Office of Alumniand Development Records, 1762Clifton Road, Suite 1400, Atlanta,Georgia 30322 or you are an individual with a disabilityand wish to acquire this publicationin an alternative format, please contactPaige P. Parvin (address above)or call 404.727.7873.No. 15-EU-EMAG-0023 ©2015,a publication of the Division ofCommunications and Public Affairs.

the big picture#DooleycatEmory students had the rare chance to capture one of thirty custom cats created by Atlanta artist Catlantaduring Dooley’s Week. Broadcast on Emory’s social media channels, clues to hiding spots sparked frenziedsearches for the coveted kitties across Emory’s campuses. Photo by Rory Hawkins.SPRING 2015 magazine 3

preludeCounting DaysThis month, Emory celebrates the culminationof the academic year with Commencement. As days go, foruniversities, they don’t get much bigger: more than fifteenthousand people on the Quad, regalia and flowers and tiesand high heels, four honorary degrees, well over four thousanddiplomas conferred, countless cell phone snaps, andone Salman Rushdie sending graduates off into the futurewith words that no doubt will linger for years to come.But it’s equally interesting to think about all the littledays that led up to this big one. Four years ago, members ofthe Emory Class of 2015 were high school kids—studyingfor their final exams, planning their prom outfits, nervousand excited, texting and tweeting and posting, maybe applyingfor summer jobs or internships. During their time asEmory students, they studied, partied, called their parents,went on dates, worked out, cried, ordered pizza, stayed upall night with their friends, drank, laughed, and studiedsome more. They discovered things, learned things, mademistakes, figured stuff out. Most days.Life is not made up of big days. It’s made up of most days,the ones filled with ordinary things. Coffee, email, meetings,Facebook, deadlines, exercise, dinner. All punctuated by theunrelenting demands of your mobile phone.Everyone’s idea of a regular day is different. For some ofthe Emory community members spotlighted in this magazine,doing the everyday things that many of us take forgranted—like typing an email, getting coffee, walking fromthe car to the office or classroom, finishing an assignmentthat’s due—is a little harder. That’s why the office of Access,Disability Services, and Resources is ramping up efforts tohelp Emory students and faculty members with disabilitieshave more of what most of us might consider ordinarydays—days that are defined not by their disabilities and thechallenges that accompany them, but by what they wereable to accomplish.Then there’s a regular day for an African Americanperson living in the Jim Crow South. Emory’s class on theGeorgia Cold Cases Project encourages students to digdeep into the history of civil rights–era crimes and uncovernew, or hidden, facts about the victims’ stories. Whatthey’re finding is that for blacks in 1950s and 1960s Georgia,most ordinary days were probably shadowed by somemeasure of fear; just walking down the street, buying lunch,driving one’s own car, going to school, or showing up forwork could take an unexpected and, at times, tragic turn.But the discoveries of the Emory students are buildingon knowledge and fostering understanding for survivinggenerations.For scientists and researchers, such as those workingwith the Emory-headquartered Center for Selective C-HFunctionalization and Yerkes National Primate ResearchCenter, a typical day could revolve around the arguablytedious process of lab work: analyzing, recording, retesting,resetting, and launching an experiment into motionyet again. Same for an artist like rising star Fahamu Pecou,who might spend a day experimenting with a new technique,medium, or source of inspiration. It takes a lot oflittle days to reach a big one—the breakthrough, lifesavingdiscovery or the truly great work of art.My son will graduate from high school this month. Ofcourse I’m looking forward to his graduation day, when ourfamily and friends will celebrate the milestone with us, withpictures and tears and speeches. But this fall, when he joinsthe Emory Class of 2019 as an Oxford College freshman, Iknow it’s not his high school graduation day that I’ll miss.It’s the ordinary days. Scrambled eggs and CNN, swappingyawns on the drive to school, arguing about homework,demonstrating how to fold laundry, asking if someonewill please feed the dog, debating whether we shouldcook dinner or order pizza, laughing at the dog, yelling atthe dog, debating whether the dog has been fed, watchingThe Walking Dead. Catching priceless, fleeting glimpsesof the adult my kid will become—when he will make, andremake, his own definition of an ordinary day.Most days are not big days. As it turns out, the smalldays are the ones that count. If you order pizza for dinner,please give some to the dog; he may or may not havebeen fed. —P.P.P.CommE n C E m E n t: EmoR y PH oto/v i DEo4 magazine SPRING 2015

lettersThe article about the acquisition ofFlannery O’Connor’s writing (“Grace Notes,”winter 2015) is a fascinating story of perceptionand diligence on the part of Emory’sscholars and librarians. This story is welltold. I have visited Andalusia and followedO’Connor and other Southern writers for along time. Having told stories in print and ontelevision, I congratulate you on this article.Perhaps it will inspire authors to delve intothe mystery and marvel of O’Connor’s writings,which convey regional themes, language,and truths from decades before.Janet A. Martin Carmichael 66CKeswick, Virginiacharles mcnair’s article in the winter2015 issue contains a small error which Ihesitate to even mention, but I will because Iwish what he said had actually occurred. Hesays that, after Flannery O’Connor’s returnto Milledgeville, “[d]espite frailty, she visitedfriends, Elizabeth Bishop and Robert Lowellamong them.” She certainly must have seenRobert Lowell from time to time, but FlanneryO’Connor never at any time visited ElizabethBishop. They had some correspondenceand one (or perhaps two) telephone calls, andthat was it. Ms. Bishop spent almost all of hertime from 1951 through 1965 in Brazil and,beyond that, she acknowledged in an articlefor the New York Review of Books (October8, 1964) that she had “never met” FlanneryO’Connor. Despite this trifling objection, Ivery much enjoyed Mr. McNair’s insightfularticle, and I thank you for publishing it.Thomas N. ThompsonSalt Lake City, UtahThank you so much for publishing thesad and successful article on Mr. Meng Lim(“On His Honor,” winter 2015). I will makesure to share this story with my other CambodianAmerican friends, our community, aswell as others in Cambodia to acknowledgethis story. I’m very proud of this man forhis success, and I admire his determination.Today, I mentioned to my son, who is a juniorat Emory, that he should read this touchingstory. He’s currently on the Emory men’s soccerteam.Sokito Chan 16PLaurel, MarylandWow! What a fascinating article concerningEmory’s Masonic connections (“TheSecret History,” winter2015). I read this withmore than great interestas I attended OxfordCollege (1970–1972) andcompleted a BA in historyat another outstandingMethodist college, Wofford,located in Spartanburg,South Carolina,where twenty-three yearslater, I petitioned a localFindingFlanneryO’ConnorRevelations from the archiveWINTER 2015Oxford’s Secret History | On His Honor | The Beautiful MindMasonic Lodge and was raised as a MasterMason in November 1997. Several years later,while revisiting the Quad, I too noticed theMasonic connection with President Few. Ilook forward to more such articles!Stephen M. Whitaker 72OXBoiling Springs, South CarolinaThank you for the tribute to KennethMurrah (“Tribute: Dedicated Alumnus andPhilanthropist,” winter 2015). Ken was a loyalEmory alumnus and a loyal, supportive brotherof Alpha Tau Omega’s Georgia Alpha ThetaChapter at Emory. However, your tribute wasremiss in not mentioning Ken’s oldest son,Bert Murrah 81C, who both attended Emoryfrom 1977 through 1981 and was president ofthe ATO chapter at Emory. Bert preceded Kenin death, leaving us in the 1990s. Bert was myfraternity brother at Emory and was belovedby many of his brothers and classmates. Thankyou for correcting the complete record of theMurrah family’s many contributions to ourfine university.David Cohen 80OX 82CMadison, WisconsinTitling the photograph on page 3(“Big Picture,” winter 2015) struck me asironic, because the students clearly do notsee the big picture. This “symbolic event”indicates how easily manipulated today’sEmory student is by the press, celebrities, andself-appointed spokesmen who fi xated on thedeath of two men. These men did not deserveto die, but their innocence is not withoutquestion. The big picture is that members ofblack communities—as a result of black-onblackviolence—die in far greater numbersthan those who die as a result of police misconduct.The big picture is that black womenaccount for 13 percent of the female populationof childbearing age but have 36 percent ofthe abortions. If these students really believe“Black Lives Matter,” theyshould go out in the communitiesand really work tostop these daily attacks onblack lives.Kevin Grass 75CSelma, AlabamaI was troubled, appalledreally, to see the photoprominently displayed inyour winter issue. The focusof my objection is not on the actions of thestudents, who can exercise their right to freespeech as fecklessly as they wish, but on youreditorial decision to provide prominent spaceto that activity. This is especially hypocriticalbecause all lives DO matter, and yet Emoryhas not, to my knowledge, raised its voice toprotest the killing of over 16 million AfricanAmerican preborn babies by abortion. Nowwhy do you suppose that is?Robert P. N. Shearin 75MRSouthhaven, MississippiI always look forward to receivingmy copy of Emory Magazine. However, I findthe picture a sad insertion. The courts haveproven beyond a reasonable doubt that theactions of police involved were lawful and,in fact, one may say justified. To post such apicture gives one the impression of a deep biason the part of Emory and its magazine that isnot based on facts. It tends to portray Emoryas an instrument of a particular political biasrather than an institution of higher learning.I graduated in 1967 and always perceived it asa fine educational institution. Recent yearshave caused me to question its validity as sucha place.Rev. Dr. Glenn Galtere 67TJupiter, FloridaHas something in Emory Magazine raised yourconsciousness—or your hackles? Write to theeditors at Emory Magazine, 1762 Clifton Road,Suite 1000, Atlanta, Georgia, 30322, or via emailat We reserve the rightto edit letters for length and clarity. The viewsexpressed by the writers do not necessarily reflectthe views of the editors or the administratorsof Emory University.SPRING 2015 magazine 5

of NoteSEndOff: Salman Rushdie willserve as Emory’s Commencementspeaker on May 11.LastingImpressionsSalman Rushdie concludes his role as Distinguished ProfessorSome might be surprised by whatcelebrated novelist Salman Rushdie calls his“very first literary influence”: the Americanclassic film The Wizard of Oz.The movie inspired ten-year-old Rushdieto write his first work of fiction—a fact heunexpectedly revealed in a classroom discussionduring his final teaching visit as UniversityDistinguished Professor in Emory College ofArts and Sciences in February.Now lost to the ages, “Over the Rainbow”told the story of “a boy like me in a city likeBombay walking down the sidewalk and findingnot the end of the rainbow, but the beginningof the rainbow,” arcing up like a staircaseand leading to grand adventure, he said.Amy Aidman, interim chair of Emory’sDepartment of Film and Media Studies, saysRushdie’s visit to her class was made richer bythe fact that Rushdie is “amazingly knowledgeableabout a vast number of topics and is willingto hypothesize and engage in a very interactiveenvironment with students—to just see wherethe conversation goes.”That intellectual dexterity, and a willingnessto see where a classroom conversation takeshim, has made Rushdie a popular speakerduring his visits to Emory over the past decade.And like following the proverbial yellow brickroad, students have been eager to see wherethe acclaimed author will lead them in theclassroom.From discussing the roots of his own writingin The Wizard of Oz to a somber discourseon the slums of Bombay, fromexploring the intersection ofdisability rights and humanrights to joining students foran impromptu read-throughof Shakespeare’s A MidsummerNight’s Dream, Rushdie’sannual campus visits have contributedto a legacy of uniquelearning opportunities.Rushdie’s relationship withEmory stretches back to 2004,when the award–winningauthor was invited to presentan address for the RichardEllmann Lectures in ModernLiterature series. That visitwould lead Rushdie to finda permanent home for hispapers in Emory’s Manuscript,Archives, and Rare BookLibrary (MARBL), a decisionthat he credits with helpinghim complete his autobiography,Joseph Anton: A Memoir.As University Distinguished Professor inthe Department of English, Rushdie wouldembrace the role of visiting scholar, lecturer,and colleague, engaging the campus communityon a wide orbit of topics. But as heconcludes his professorial role at Emory, it isRushdie’s congenial and generous classroompresence that many will remember best.“One of the most remarkable things abouta conversation with Salman Rushdie, whetherone-on-one or in a large group, is the sense ofthe personal,” says Coalition of the Liberal Arts(CoLA) Chair Robyn Fivush, associate viceprovost of academic innovation and SamuelCandler Dobbs Professor of Psychology.Watching Rushdie speak with faculty andstaff at a CoLA conversation storytelling TICKEREmory joins Ebola vaccine research teamThe Emory Vaccine Center is part of a government-academic-industryresearch partnership led by Inovio Pharmaceuticals to developmultiple treatment and prevention approaches against Ebola. Thefrom the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency.Candler student wins Gates Cambridge Scholarship was awarded the Gates Cambridge Scholarship,a prestigious, fully funded scholarship given to studentsoutside the United Kingdom to pursue a postgraduate degree at theUniversity of Cambridge in England. Since the award was established6 magazine SPRING 2015

of NoteMost. Emory.Apps. Ever.Total applications to Emory Collegeexceeded twenty thousand for thea successful undergraduate admissionseason for the university.Across the board, by nearly everymeasure, markers of student interestin Emory have grown dramaticallythis year: Emory College applications-selective Emory Scholars Program grewboth campuses, admission letters wentto an ever-widening pool of interna-A sharp uptick in applicationsthis year not only creates a stronger,more competitive pool of potentialstudents, it has allowed Emory admis-provost of undergraduate enrollment.The surge in applications at Emory’scan be attributed to both a strengtheningeconomy and the cumulativeeffect of a range of achievements thathave helped showcase the university’sare happening on many fronts at theare hearing the Emory name, and hearingit for good reason.” dOOlEy’S WEEk:the skeleton withstudents at an Emoryrite of spring.A Centuryin AtlantaE MoRy tRAditioNS MA dEb R ightER by ANNi v ERSARyThis year, Emory celebrates onehundred years in Atlanta. Themilestone added a special noteto Founders Week in February,and festivities continued withstudents were treated to trendyperformances, social events,and, of course, the traditionaland much-anticipated releasefrom class by the mysteriousA new twist this year wasa scavenger hunt for speciallydesigned, frantically soughtafterDooley cats created bycelebration, which honors thebrought Emory to the city, willcontinue throughout the year. The Envelope, PleaseE MoRy MEd S t udEN t S fiNd thEiR MAtChAt precisely noon on Friday, March 20, fourthyearmedical students at Emory’s School of Medicineparticipated in Match Day 2015, joining their peers acrossthe US as they dashed across the room, ripped open envelopes,and simultaneously learned where they are headednext on their journeys to become physicians.The students were among thousands receiving positionsat US teaching hospitals through the National ResidencyMatch Program (NRMP), which annually matchesstudents with residency programs, where they will careMed students meettheir futures. TICKERMandl named Emory Healthcare CEOcare.He has served on the Emory Healthcare Board of Directors sinceCompany.nursing schools in the “America’s Best Graduate Schools” list compiledby US News & World Report. This top ranking is the highest in the nursingschool’s history and was based on new statistical and reputationalUS News.8 magazine SPRING 2015

of Notefor patients under the supervision of attendingphysicians.“Finding out where you’ll spend your residencyis a memorable day in the life of a medicalstudent,” says J. William Eley, executive associatedean for medical education and student affairs.“The Emory School of Medicine Class of 2015 hasachieved wonderful results in this year’s match.We are excited that they are going to outstandingmedical centers to continue their training.”Of the 137 Emory graduating seniors, 133participated in a match program. Some of themost popular specialties chosen by Emory’sgraduating seniors were internal medicine,pediatrics, and general surgery. Twenty-eightgraduating students will spend all or part oftheir residencies in Emory’s Residency TrainingPrograms, with others going to a varietyof esteemed institutions including Harvard,UCSF, Northwestern, Cleveland Clinic, Universityof Washington, University of Pennsylvania,Mayo Clinic, Cornell, Columbia, Yale,Brown, Duke, Johns Hopkins, and Vanderbilt.The now-computerized match process wasestablished in 1952, at the request of medical students,to provide a fair and impartial transitionto the graduate medical education experience.According to the NRMP, last year morethan forty thousand applicants vied for sometwenty-nine thousand residency positions atinstitutions across the country. MAD ABOUT SCIENCE Eagles Still Rule the Pool wasEmory ranks in top tier for endowment returnsEmory professor wins Guggenheim FellowshipSPRING 2015 magazine 9

of NoteSECRET LIv E She could attend practices andgo to tournaments. After medi-PhD at the University of SouthCarolina in the state’s capitolof Columbia, where he was theonly graduate student on theuniversity’s club soccer team.When he moved to Atlanta inDisease Control and Prevention,he recruited colleaguesto play for local soccer teams,eventually organizing the VaHithe local team in the AtlantaSoccer Team. The team is composedof physicians from acrossthe country and representsthe United States in the WorldChampionship.R. L. FELIPE LOBELODAy Job: Associate professorof global health in the HubertDepartment of Global Health,Rollins School of Public HealthSECRET LIfE: Soccer playerAfter years of playing soccer onthe high school and club level inhad a choice to make: pursue soccerprofessionally or give it up togo to college. Although his heartwas set on the sport, his parentsagreed that his best course wasto enroll in a six-year program atEl Rosario University in Bogotato earn his undergraduate andmedical degrees. However, hebucked tradition by continuingto play soccer during collegeand medical school. During hismedical school clinical rotations,other students or plead with hisprofessors to switch his hours sohIS WoRDS: “There is an associationin people’s heads thatif you are into sports, you arenot as gifted academically, butresearch statistics show verystrongly that cognitive abilitiesare better among people whoone of the main areas used toimprove cognitive developmentin kids and to combat Alzheimer’sdisease in the elderly.Soccer is a sport that you can playat different levels of intensity—you can play for decades. It letsyou stay healthy and active andengaged. I’ve been exposed tothe world through soccer; it is atruly international sport and aninteresting way to learn about theworld.” —M.M.L. TICKERRollins-CdC partnership expands public health in AfricaThe Hubert Department of Global Health at Rollins School of Publicmentwith the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to implementthe African Centre of Excellence for Public Health Security, aprogram to improve preparedness and response to health threats inlow-income countries, with a focus on West Africa.Smarter ICU arrives at EmoryEmory University Hospital is using software for a pioneering collaborationto create advanced, predictive medical care for criticallyill patients through real-time streaming analytics in its Intensive CareUnits. Emory is testing a system that can identify patterns in physiologicaldata and instantly alert clinicians to danger signs in patients. 10 magazine SPRING 2015

of NoteShake it upiS SA lt So bA d foR thE hE ARt ?Division of Labor ReaLLy A study published inJanuary in the onlineedition of JAMA InternalMedicine showsthat salt intake wasnot associated withmortality or risk forcardiovascular diseaseand heart failure in olderadults based on selfreportedestimated sodiumintake.Researchers from the School of Medicine,led by Andreas P. Kalogeropoulos, looked atthe association between dietary sodium intakeand mortality, cardiovascular disease, andheart failure in a group of 2,642 adults rangingin age from seventy-one to eighty years old.Approximately 51.2 percent of the participantswere female and 38.3 percent were black.Kalogeropoulos and his coauthors examinedten-year follow-up data from the olderadults participating in a community-basedstudy sponsored by the National Institutes ofHealth focused on the aging process. The participants’dietary sodium intake was assessed atbaseline with a questionnaire.“There is ongoing debate on how low shouldwe go when it comes to dietary sodium restrictionrecommendations, and not much data onrestriction among older adults, especially thosewith their blood pressure on target,” says Kalogeropoulos,assistant professor of cardiology.According to the study, achieving a sodiumintake of less than 1,500 milligrams a day, ascurrently recommended for adults over fifty,can be difficult because of long-held dietaryhabits.The scientists found that after ten years, 881of the participants had died, 572 had developedcardiovascular disease, and 398 had sufferedheart failure. Sodium intake was not associatedwith mortality or new development of theseheart problems, according to study results. In countries where men and womenshare housework more equally, marriedwith their share of household duties asthey report taking on a greater share ofhousehold chores, according to a newstudy by researchers at Emory and UmeåUniversity in Sweden.In other words, men are more likely tofeel it’s unfair when they tackle a greatershare of household chores in countrieswhere a more egalitarian division of laboris considered the norm.It may seem odd that men in countrieswhere both men and women are expectedto tackle chores would feel more dissatisfactionand a sense of unfairness.“We presume that living in a more egalitariansociety highlights the importanceof housework in general, making menmore conscious of it and thereby sparkinga more negative response the more of itthey do,” says Sabino Kornrich, assistantprofessor of sociology at Emory and leadsociologist at Umeå University, was thewhen men and women live in egalitariancountries that housework is an important,shared responsibility.”The study, published in the journal SocialPolitics, included survey responses fromroughly fourteen thousand men and womenfrom thirty countries; all were under ageAcross all countries, women reported doingof the housework. These numbers don’ton self-reports of respondents’ own behavioras well as that of their spouses.So where are the men who report-from Poland, the US, Australia, Denmark,-tugal,the Czech Republic, Chile,housework.egalitarian countries, such as theUS, Sweden, and Australia, werethe most likely to believe theywere doing an “unfair” amount ofhousework when they perform alarge share of the household duties.Interestingly, men who do morehousehold work in countries wheremen, on average, do less, such asJapan, were less likely to feel thattheir chore burden was unfair. Emory’s Board of Trustees has elected four new members: Tom Barkin,, , and a managing director with the Glenmede Trust Company, N.A.; Vaughn,Company, is a term trustee. All will serve six-year terms.Emory honored for service, community engagementCommunity Service Honor Roll—the fourth time in seven years thatuniversities honored by Carnegie this year.SPRING 2015 magazine 11

of NoteSTuDENTSBig Ideas Invention requires more than vision;it requires resources and support. Emory studententrepreneurs are finding those in adundance—rightfrom their first day on campus.During the past year, Emory has steppedup efforts to support undergraduate studentswho are seeking a network to help further theirentrepreneurship interests. Raoul Hall, thenewest First Year at Emory (FYE) residencehall, opened last fall as a Social EntrepreneurshipLiving-Learning Community (LLC)designed “to inspire students to explorefor- and not-for-profit businesses that provideinnovative solutions to society’s most engagingproblems.”So far, it’s working. Rostam Zafari 18Cmoved into Raoul Hall in the fall already committedto the idea of social entrepreneurship.Inspired by a challenge issued on the first dayof class in Introduction to Biology, Zafari andclassmate Brian Goldstone 18C developedRapid Ebola Detection Strips (REDS), a portable,fast, less expensive, user-friendly approachto detecting Ebola virus in the field. The duo isnow beginning testing on the design.“Addressing the world’s social issues is goingto take creativity and innovation.It is so valuable to teach that incollege because it challenges youto find new perspectives on ongoingproblems,” Zafari says. “BillGates is a role model for me whohas both the capital andthe mind-set to solve problems in the world.He does good, and he does well, and heimpacts millions, if not billions, of lives. That iswhat I want to do.”Ambra Yarbrough, resident complex directorfor Raoul Hall, says the new LLC is staffedby specially chosen student and residentassistants and social entrepreneurship residentfellow Raj Ramakrishnan 16MBA.“The goal of the Student EntrepreneurshipCommittee last year was to create an umbrellahub that all the entrepreneurship endeavorscan fit within,” Yarbrough says. “Before this,students were just scrounging around campusfinding anyone who was willing or interestedin talking to them about their ideas and figuringout how to piece things together.”Having the social entrepreneurship LLC“taps into a huge niche” at Emory for first- and A new initiativeprovides networkingspace and programmingto encourage buddingentrepreneurs.second-year undergraduate studentswho want to start exploringinnovation early.“Students don’t really exist fromnine to five, since they are usuallyin the classroom, but they reallycome alive after five p. m., whichis when most administrators leave campus.To have us and the assistants available afterhours, and running programs surroundingthe topic of social entrepreneurship, allowsthem to think of things in a real-world aspect,”Yarbrough says.Entrepreneurship efforts on campushave been spearheaded by the Committeeon Undergraduate Student Entrepreneurship,cochaired by Andrea Hershatter, seniorassociate dean for undergraduate educationat Goizueta Business School. One result wasthe Emory Entrepreneurship Ecosystem(E3), a program to coordinate resources andprovide better support for students interestedin business development—especially socialentrepreneurship.In January, Campus Life launched the E3Living Labs, a communal space in Few Hall 12 magazine SPRING 2015

of Notewhere like-minded student entrepreneurs cantake advantage of networking opportunitiesto develop and implement their own ideas. OnTuesday evenings, students can listen to topicalpresentations by guest speakers who have entrepreneurialexperience and engage in questionand-answersessions. On Wednesdays andThursday evenings, the Multimedia Den in FewHall is reserved for peer-to-peer networking.Emory College senior Kaeya Majmundar15C, who last year appeared on the populartelevision show Shark Tank and who alsoserved on the Student Entrepreneurship Committee,says the program expands the numberof resources available to student entrepreneurs.“There has been a lot of interest in entrepreneurshipamong students at Emory, but it hasbeen scattered. This facilitates partnerships forstudents and provides education from peoplewho are experienced,” says Majmundar (below).“There are a lot of things seasoned entrepreneurscan teach people who are just startingout. The more people we can bring in who havethat experience, the better for students.”SURVIVOR: SharkTank contestant kaeyaMajmundar.DooLEy NoTEDtime MachinehiStoRyPiN lEtS uSERS viSit thE CAMPuS of PASt ANd PRESENtThis year marks the one hundredth anniversary of Emory’s milestone move from its origi-Quadrangle, the university morphed so dramatically during the past century that it’spopularity more quickly than on their modern day locations; for instance, one can see the Haygood-Hopkinsover a street view image of the gate today.“We have been seeing a lot more public libraries, museums, and academic institutionsusing Historypin, which is great because more history is being shared in ways that wouldn’ta sporting event, alumni can comment and say who was in the photo, and then they canshare it, too. This is the whole idea of the project, to build a collective history.”Quad. “It will walk you through where to line up your phone so you can see exactly wherethe image was,” Strandmark said.application that will generate walking tours of campus from the archive’s historical photos.The app will employ the same technology used in the Battle of Atlanta website and application,an open web tour of historical Civil War sites in Atlanta created by Emory’s Centerfor Digital Scholarship. Users will be able to scroll through the photos and watch videos ofpeople speaking about the sites depicted in the photos.Until that app launches this fall, check out, where you just might rediscovera corner of Emory you once knew.—P.P.P. Hershatter says the next step will be to establishan incubation space for entrepreneurshipventures that are more mature in their progressand need office space and equipment; then,potentially, a storefront for student ventures.“The intention is to help students movefrom the pitch and conceptual stages throughto having the resources to put together aplan,” she says. “E3 is helping students movethose plans forward. These ideas are comingfrom freshmen and sophomores, and whenthey have these concepts, they don’t want towait for their academic training to catch up.They have a real need to rapidly connect withintellectual resources to help them think aboutdeployment.”—M.M.L. nOW: thehaygood-hopkinsgate.SPRING 2015 magazine 13

of NotefACuLTy booKSLessonsUnlearned If there is something that feels haltingin Jim Grimsley’s memoir, How I Shed MySkin: Unlearning the Lessons of a Racist Childhood—eachchapter like the sound of a car’smotor straining to catch and roar, finally, tolife—it’s understandable, given the book’s knottysubject: growing up white in North Carolina inthe 1960s. In fact, by its conclusion, the readeris inclined to interpret Grimsley’s tendency tolay off the gas mid-chapter, and then gun it atthe beginning of the next, as a literary device,deployed in service of a topic that brooks nodefinitive declarations nor easy conclusions.Grimsley, Emory professor of creative writing,was raised in Jones County, North Carolina,growing up hemophiliac and, he realizedat an early age, gay, in a poor family. His medicalcondition precluded the kind of roughhousingtypical of preadolescent and teenage boys,so he was able to watch the relationships in hisclassrooms and his community from a certainremove. That distance and his own sense ofaloneness endowed him with a greater degreeof empathy for the black children who wereintegrated into his school in 1966, but it hardlymade the social upheaval easier to navigate.Though he felt curious about and compassionatetoward the integrating students, Grimsleyrealizes now—and had an admirable degreeof recognition as a child, too—that his ownupbringing was steeped in racist ideologiesthat compelled him to view African Americanchildren differently. For the most part,those ideologies were subtle, transferred tohim, as he writes, “by gentle people, believingthemselves to be sharing God’s own truth.” Inchurch, he learned that white was the symbolof purity and goodness, while black was thesymbol of evil and death. The same colorbinary played out across pop culture, wherecowboys wearing white hats were the goodguys (the guys in black hats were inevitablythe ne’er do well villains) and a bride in a whiteMInInG MEMORy:Jim grimsley turns hiswriter’s eye inward inhis latest book.dress represented purity and a new life (versusa widow in a black dress mourning death). Sotidy and complete was this ordering of theworld by color that Grimsley found the schemahard to abandon even when he realized itsdangers; “it was too useful in the making ofmetaphor,” he writes.The specters of more overt, violent racismhovered around the edges of Grimsley’s life aswell. Jones County fostered the Ku Klux Klan,and in one chapter, he wonders whether hisown father might have been a Klansman ashe watches his mother doctor her husband’sface when he comes home, drunk and cut up.Because his father was “in every case a violentman,” Grimsley never asked what happened.Instead, he “presume[s] this moment ofviolence had some connection to black people,”though he admits to “forcing the connectionbeyond my memory.”The issue of forcing memory’s connectionsis a crucial one in any memoir, of course, andin How I Shed My Skin it is particularly central,raising—but not necessarily answering—important questions about the genre. Eachchapter of Grimsley’s book is organized aroundan anecdote from the author’s childhood; theseare presented in a linear way, but not as anunbroken, chronological narrativeof his early years. Details areoften fuzzy, blurred, as memoriesinevitably are, by both the passageof time and the adult writer’sdesire to impose meaning uponevents that happened decadesago. Time and again Grimsleyasserts that the “moments aretrue, even if the conversations . . .are not quite literal,” and signalsto the reader that he cannot recallwhat preceded or provoked acertain event. He also admitsthat his interpretations may beinformed more by imaginationthan actual fact, as in the chapter“The Drowning,” when he recallsa group of African Americanswalking together through thetown after the drowning death ofa young black boy. “I never knewexactly what group this was,” hewrites, “but I expect a minister ledthem to the river to pray. . . . ”Such moments are problematicbecause of the naturalconstraints of the memoir asgenre, but even more so, becauseof the very subject about whichGrimsley writes. The lacunaeunderscore the divides between blacks andwhites in the civil rights–era South, a gapGrimsley has spent most of his life trying tobridge. How I Shed My Skin recalls those effortsand serves to remind us that, decades later,there is still much more work to do. That workis complicated, full of fits and starts, involvingall of the same challenges the reader sees inGrimsley’s memoir.It begins, however, with sharing our stories,as he has, with painful honesty and self-awarenessand the intention of arriving at a greaterunderstanding—not only of others and one’smoment in history, but of one’s own self.— Julie Schwietert Collazo 97OX 99C HOW I SHEDMY SKIN GRIMSlEyAlgonquin Books14 magazine SPRING 2015

IN CLASSof Note freshmen preparedand shared a meal with cancer patients and theirfamilies, listening to how each has faced thechallenges of living with the disease.Seeing the Big Picture of the ‘Big C’ CouRSE DESCRIPTIoN: Drawing on theexpertise of six Emory graduate students in thenatural sciences, social sciences, and humanities,this freshman seminar class covers amash-up of subjects—including social cognitionin primates, the history of railroads, memoryand the brain, and new approaches to cancercourses offered at Emory last fall, this courseexposed freshmen to an array of interdisciplinaryperspectives and graduate research currentlyunder way at Emory, with lectures rangingfrom the origins and treatment of cancerand how drug therapies are developed to dataanalysis, creative cognition, and neurobiologyand memory. The graduate students mergedscholarly interests to develop this course underdlerProfessor of Chemistry and Biology, andfACuLTy Cv: recognized researcher in biomolecular chemistry,molecular evolution and chemical biology,the evolution of biological order, and theAsa Griggs Candler Professor in Chemistry andhis passion for science to the undergraduateten years as chair of the Department of Theaterand Dance. She also is executive director forToDAy ’S CLASS:datesand Jasmine, students cookeddinner for some sixty cancer patients and theirfamilies at the American Cancer Society’s HopeCampus for patients receiving care at Emory’sWinship Cancer Institute and other area treatmentcenters. Students then sat and talked withthem, borrowing from all they’ve learned aboutthe disease, its treatment, and the arduous pro-quoTES To NoTE: “That’s what my labdoes—helps identify new targets for cancertherapy. We do that by thinking about the cancercell as a network, a complicated, nonlinear,signaling within those protein-to-protein interactionnetworks. . . . We use high throughputscreening and molecular biology to pinpointwhat interactions contribute to that.”—job helping students understand the conceptof cancer, but they’ve put such a human touchon it—particularly for freshmen. For many, it’san experience they might have never had.”—-STuDENTS SAy: “These contributions tomy education, particularly introducing me tocervical cancer research . . . have changed thecourse of my scholastic career.”—“As a freshman, whogets to do anythinglike this? I went homeover Thanksgivingbreak and, honestly,all I could talk aboutwas this class.”—SPRING 2015 magazine 15

of NoteSuSTAINAb ILITyMaking a Splash Gina McCarthy, administrator of the US EnvironmentaLProtection Agency (EPA), visited Emory in February. Partly at the urging ofher chief of staff, Emory law graduate Gwen Keyes Fleming 93L, she came totour the new WaterHub water reclamation facility and to speak with a class ofenvironmental law students at the School of Law.At the greenhouse-like WaterHub—the first and only one of its kind in thecountry—McCarthy (below) was greeted by Ciannat Howett, director of theOffice of Sustainability Initiatives. “We have an opportunity here to model bestpractices in water stewardship and build a culture of conservation,” Howettsaid. “And we hope to further the acceptance of reclaimed water.”The WaterHub, which uses a natural, plant-driven treatment process to cleanand repurpose up to four hundred thousand gallons of campus wastewater aday, is expected to save Emory millions of gallons of water a year by replacingdrinkable water previously used for processes that don’t need it. The ecologicalwater re-use system will provide nearly 90 percent of utility water needed and40 percent of the campus’s overall water, reducing Emory’s drain on Atlanta’sovertaxed municipal water supply by up to 146 million gallons annually. Emory’s reclaimed wateris not drinkable, but itwill save the universitymillions of gallons a year.“This sort of project is important for the EPA,” McCarthy said. “We have tostart treating nothing as waste.”McCarthy also was impressed with the research component of the Water-Hub, which is being studied by students in the Rollins School of Public Healthand in connection with the Center for Global Safe Water at Emory. Data fromthe WaterHub will be used to help determine if similar facilities can be effectivelyutilized in developing countries.“It’s great that this campus has such a strong health care component,”McCarthy said, “because that’s where you really have to tie these issuestogether.”The WaterHub includes a 50,000-gallon emergency water reserve that willallow Emory’s heating and cooling systems to function for up to seven hours ifthere is a disruption in water supply.“With this facility, we’re taking a major step forward in becoming one of thefirst in the nation with this technology for cleaning our own wastewater,” saysMatthew Early, Emory’s vice president for Campus Services.—P.P.P. HEADLINES: EMORY IN THE NEWSConspicuous Absences:Gone with the Windmiere,including the exclusion of black actors on the guest-Press story ran in outlets across the country, including NewWhetherit’s a new drug, a new fertilizer, ora new solar panel, chemists havebeen stuck using the same methodsto make their inventions. PBS NewsHour Center for Selective C-H Functionalization,run by Emory organic chemistHuw Davies, is breaking the mold.The center is developing strategies related to transforming-don’t Call It a Comeback: A measlesoutbreak traced to Disneylandparents who choose not to vaccinatetheir children. Emory experts Saadthe Rollins School of Public Health,director of the Emory Vaccine Centerand professor of medicine, tackled misinformation and fearsrelated to the measles and vaccinations. They were quoted ontopics from how to talk to parents reluctant to vaccinate toimmunization schedules and effectiveness, in outlets includingthe New york Times, Associated Press, Wall Street Journal,National Public Radio, and USa Today. Public health historianand Vaccine Nation author Elena Conis provided historical andcultural perspective on why some people opt out of standardvaccinations for outlets including the Washington Post, Losangeles Times, Bloomberg News, Slate, and Buzzfeed.don’t fly Away: Jeffrey A. Rosensweig,associate professor of inter-Emory, contributed to a New yorkTimesAtlanta International Airport’sdetermination to stay the nation’sbusiest airport and its importanceto Atlanta’s economic success. “Theairport has been almost uniquely crucial to the rapid andsustained development of metro Atlanta and, frankly, ofGeorgia,” Rosensweig said. 16 magazine SPRING 2015

of NoteRESEARChimmunology Research May leadto long-Sought tb vaccinel AtENt iNfEC tioNS MAy bE kE y to futuRE PRE vENtioNEmory scientists are looking for waysto control an ancient disease by solving one ofits key mysteries: Why is it that most peoplewith a latent tuberculosis (TB)infection never develop TBsymptoms, but others do?The answer is likely to befound in studying and comparingthe immunology of the twoaffected groups, according toHenry Blumberg, professor ofmedicine in the Division ofInfectious Diseases at the School of Medicineand professor of epidemiology and globalhealth in the Rollins School of Public Health.Blumberg is principal investigator foran Emory-led Tuberculosis Research Unit(TBRU), one of four such collaborationsrecently established by an $18 million, sevenyeargrant from the National Institute ofAllergy and Infectious Diseases of the NationalInstitutes of Health (NIH). Coprincipal investigatoris Joel Ernst of New York University, oneof seven Emory TBRU partner organizations.“When people say ‘tuberculosis’ they usuallymean active TB disease,” Blumberg says.“These people are generally very sick, and theyhave symptoms that may include cough, fever, henryblumberg (above, at right)is leading an Emory-basedtuberculosis Research unitexploring new avenuesto combat deadly tbinfection.weight loss, and night sweats. If they have pulmonaryTB or the disease is in their lungs, theycan spread it to other people through the air.“But there’s another statecalled ‘latent TB infection’ wheresomeone has been exposed tosomeone with active TB diseaseand they became infected, butthey don’t have symptoms andthey can’t transmit the diseasewhile asymptomatic. In mostcases, their immune system keepsthe bacteria in check for the rest of their lives,but in some cases, the onset of symptoms is onlydelayed temporarily, anywhere from weeks toyears after the initial exposure and infection.”According to numbers from the WorldHealth Organization, an estimated two billionpeople—one-third of the world’s population—have latent TB infection, of which between 5and 10 percent will develop active TB. Aboutnine million people became ill with active TBin 2013, and 1.5 million died from the disease.More than five hundred thousand childrendeveloped TB that year, and eighty thousanddied from the infection.People with latent TB infection can progressto full blown TB when their immune systemsare weakened. The risk of developing TB is up totwenty times greater in people living with HIV,and one in four AIDS-related deaths is due to TB.“We’re trying to learn more about the spectrumbetween asymptomatic, latent TB infectionand active TB, especially as it concernsT-cell immunology and the factors associatedwith controlling infection,” Blumberg explains.“To control TB throughout the world, weneed an effective TB vaccine, and we don’t haveone right now. So, we’re hoping that some ofour findings could help the people who aretrying to develop one.”The research effort is divided into threeprojects. In project one, researchers are searchingfor a better way of measuring whether ornot someone carries the TB bacteria. Existingtests—notably the TB skin test—will produce apositive result if a latent TB infection is present.But it also comes back positive if the bacteriahad been present at some earlier point but havesince been cleared by the immune system.Instead, scientists hope to identify certaincharacteristics or signatures in T-cell responsethat would accurately indicate whether or notthere are TB bacteria inside a person’s body.“If you can identify the people who are actuallyat risk,” explains project coprincipal CherylDay, assistant professor in the Department ofGlobal Health at the Rollins School of PublicHealth, “then you’ll be able to target treatmentmore efficiently and effectively.”Both projects one and two involve a set ofcohort studies in which researchers monitor thehealth of TB-infected people over a period oftime at two sites: one in the US and the other inKenya. Blood samples are obtained at regularintervals and detailed immunological studiesare performed. In project two, since some of theparticipants in Kenya will likely develop activeTB, the expectation is that study data will revealcharacteristics of the immune response thatsignal long-term control of TB infection as wellas immune-system changes that occur when alatent infection becomes an active one.The third project, a collaboration betweenYerkes National Primate Research Center andthe Tulane National Primate Research Centerin Louisiana, uses a nonhuman primate modelto determine the profile of immune responsesthat correspond with latent TB infection versustreated infections versus reactivation of the TBbacteria, says Francois Villinger, codirector ofproject three and chief of the Yerkes Divisionof Pathology.“We have some understanding of what canmake a latent TB infection become active,” saysVillinger, referring to pathogens such as HIVthat compromise the immune response. “But 18 magazine SPRING 2015

of Notewe don’t know if a particular drug,for example, intended to regulatethe immune system will alsoactivate the TB bacteria, so we’relooking for biomarkers that willhelp us make these predictions.”The Emory TBRU is supportedby clinical, administrative, andimmunological cores that providecritical technical and logisticalinfrastructure, as well as datamanagement and analysis.Emory researchers also haveidentified blood-based biomarkersin patients with active TB thatcould lead to new blood-baseddiagnostics and tools for monitoringtreatment response and cure.Published online in the Journalof Clinical Investigation, the studywas led by TB immunologist JyothiRengarajan, assistant professorof medicine and Yerkes researcher,and Susan Ray, professor of medicineand epidemiologist at GradyMemorial Hospital.“In order to reduce the burdenof TB globally, identifying all TBcases is a critical priority,” Rengarajansays. “However, accuratediagnosis of active TB diseaseremains challenging, and methodsfor monitoring how well a patientresponds to the six-to nine-monthlong, four-drug regimen of anti-TB treatment are highly inadequate.”—Gary Goettling GOIZUETA FOUNDATION $25 MILLION GIFT WILL TARGETALZHEIMER’S EARLY DETECTIONEmory’s Alzheimer’s Disease Research Centerto support advanced research into early detectionof Alzheimer’s disease. The Goizueta Foundationat fundamentally changing the way Alzheimer’sdisease is detected and treated.“Because Alzheimer’s disease starts decadesbefore symptoms begin, research to determinewho will develop the disease is crucial,” says Allanthe Department of Neurology at the Emory Schoolus to discover ways to predict Alzheimer’s diseasestep that will enable us to develop new treatmenttargets and prevent the disease for futuregenerations. And as we learn more about riskfactors for Alzheimer’s disease, we also gain abetter understanding of its relationship to vascular,immune, and other key health concerns that manyAmericans face as they age.”ments where the outcomes may be uncertain butthat everyone in the Atlanta community andbeyond knows someone who has been affected bysome form of dementia, such as Alzheimer’s. Webelieve that strengthening Emory’s ADRC will helpgenerate the much-needed support for innovativeresearch for all neuro-related diseases.”Emory’s ADRC is one of just thirteen comprehensiveresearch centers supported by theNational Institutes of Health and the only suchentity in the Southeast. “The goal of each of thesecenters is to bring together scientists from differentdisciplines to work collaboratively on researchinto Alzheimer’s disease and related conditions,”Allan leveywith a patient.The Alzheimer’s Association estimates that, in Emory’s Board of Trustees andthe WellStar Health SystemBoard of Trustees haveannounced plans to begin thehealth system combining EmoryHealthcare and WellStar HealthSystem. The goal is to provideworld-class health care to patientsthrough the integration of education,discovery, and health caredelivery.The strategic intent, accordingto leaders, is to combine thebest of academic medicine andcommunity-based care into ahealth care system that will createinnovative, accessible, andcost-effective delivery modelsand be a leader locally, across thestate, and nationally. During theanticipated yearlong design phase,leaders at the two organizationsnew health system’s structure,including the name of the newlocation, governance, structure,and other details. The new systemreinvesting back into the communitiesit serves.“While both Emory Healthcareand WellStar Health System arestrong and thriving, by comingtogether we can do somethingtruly unique that neither could doalone. As a result, we expect to beeven more effective in pursuingwho was recently appointedEmory Healthcare president andhigher excellence in patient caredelivery through geographicallydispersed access points, a largepopulation for coordinated care,and expanded platforms for, andinvestments in, our signatureprograms, medical education,and health sciences research.” SPRING 2015 magazine 19

20 magazine SPRING 2015

Buried TruthsThe Georgia Civil Rights Cold CasesProject helps journalism students uncoverthe history of crimes committed in thedarkest days of the civil rights eraStanding in front of the tiny framehouse where she lived until she was twelve, VerdaMae Brazier Bush shifts between memories ofplaying with her three younger siblings in thelarge, grassy yard and the life-shattering Sunday afternoonin 1958 when police officers dragged her fatheraway, mercilessly beating him in full view of hisscreaming family and horrified neighbors.Five days later, on April 25, 1958, James C. Brazierdied of injuries caused by blunt force trauma to thehead. In the next few months and years, the Brazierfamily would find no justice. Local authorities impededan FBI investigation into the case through intimidationof witnesses, and an all-white grand jury failedto bring an indictment against the white police officersaccused of beating James Brazier to the point of death.In 1963, Brazier’s widow, Hattie Bell Brazier, sufferedanother loss when a jury ruled against awarding herdamages in a civil suit she filed in federal court.miXed memoRies:Verda Mae Brazier Bushholds a photo of her father,James Brazier, in front ofthe childhood home whereshe witnessed him beingbeaten by police in 1958.STORY BY MARIA M. LAMEIRASPHOTOGRAPHY BY KAY HINTONSPRING 2015 magazine 21

Reeling inansweR s: EricaSterling examinesarchival records forEmory’s Cold CasesProject; at right, HattieBell Brazier.The case would become folklore in theAfrican American community in TerrellCounty and Dawson, Georgia: a hardworkingfamily man and friend killed at the hands ofthose sworn to protect and serve.In 2006, as part of the US Department ofJustice’s commitment to investigating andprosecuting civil rights–era homicides, theFederal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) beganits Cold Case Initiative—a comprehensiveprogram to identify and investigate raciallymotivated murders committed decades ago.The effort was reinforced in 2008 with the passageof the Emmett Till Unsolved Civil RightsCrime Act, and community groups, nongovernmentalorganizations, and higher educationbegan to join the Department of Justice andthe FBI in their efforts.Since 2011, Emory has offered an interdisciplinaryCivil Rights Cold Cases classexamining incidents that occurred in Georgia.Cross-listed in journalism, history, AfricanAmerican studies, and American studies atEmory College, the class arms students withhistorical perspective and principles of journalisticpractice, then releases them to pursuenew information related to the cases. In January,Emory’s Civil Rights Cold Cases Projectlaunched a website,, thatis the product of more than fifty students’ workduring seven semesters of the course.Taught by Hank Klibanoff, Pulitzer Prize–winning author of The Race Beat: The Press,the Civil Rights Struggle, and the Awakeningof a Nation and James M. Cox Jr. Professor ofJournalism and Brett Gadsden, associate professorof African American studies at Emory,the class developed after Klibanoff workedwith newspaper and television reporters who“Once you do research on primary sources—to engulf yourself inthe time period to understand what it was like—it hits home to seethe full spectrum of the Jim Crow South.”—scott schlafer 15Cwere investigating civil rights cold cases inAlabama, Louisiana, and Mississippi. Driven topursue a similar project in Georgia, Klibanoffapproached Rudolph Byrd, founding directorof the James Weldon Johnson Institute for theStudy of Race and Difference (JWJI) at Emory.With encouragement from the JWJI, Klibanofflaunched Emory’s Cold Cases Project.Klibanoff and Gadsden created the classto build on the work of the project, puttingundergraduates to work investigating the cases,then writing and editing academic and journalisticarticles on what they found.“Doing this as a blend of history and journalismis a great idea. What he calls research,I call reporting,” Klibanoff says of Gadsden.“There are rigors to both that are similar.”Klibanoff already had received the FBI filesfor the James Brazier case and was gatheringdocuments in preparation for teaching theclass in the 2011 fall semester.“This class is different because it is runlike a research seminar, with intense focus onindividuals’ lives and attention to the historicalcontext in which these folks lived,” Gadsdensays. “These stories come alive for students. Theyaren’t just presenting cases or telling the storiesof lowly black victims. They are really trying tounderstand what happened, what the circumstanceswere, what happened to the people, howthey lived, how they died, who killed them, andwhy, but understanding these victims’ deaths asa part of the historical record. ”Students prepare both a ten-page academicpaper on their topic of choice and a condensedarticle for publication on Emory’s Cold CasesProject website. “It is not just about what theyfind, but how they present and explain whatthey’ve found,” Klibanoff says.“In most classes, students are writing forfaculty. In this class they are writing for the professors,for each other, and also for a public ofboth academics and nonacademics,” Gadsdenadds. “They are accountable to the descendantsof the lost, and that comes with a specialresponsibility—one that the students embrace.”Setting the Record StraightGrowing up in suburban Atlanta, SonamVashi 15C had a broad knowledge of the civilrights struggle in the South, but she couldn’tgrasp what that meant in the day-to-day livesof African Americans at that time.“History can be this distant, removed itemof information, but I think that these coldcases bring history to a very personal, humanlevel that you can’t ignore,” Vashi says. “Youcarry these stories around in your heart andmind more than something you might justlearn on a factual level.”22 magazine SPRING 2015

The experience has influenced how Vashiapproached serving as executive editor of theEmory Wheel during her senior year.“It is important to find stories no one elseis looking for, ignored stories, because you willfind they have value,” Vashi says. “Even thoughthe people we are reporting on with these coldcases are dead, there is still meaning in givinga true historical record of what happened andsetting the record straight.”One notable aspect of the course is thelicense students are given to consider the casesfrom any avenue they choose.“Usually in a class, it is the professor impartinginformation to the students. What weare trying to do here is trust in the students totake ownership of the class. History, journalism,creative nonfiction—students with differentinterests and skills approach it in differentways,” Gadsden says. “What really matters isthat students are doing original research thatgenerates fresh information we don’t knowanything about. On any given day I don’t knowwhat someone is going to bring in.”In their research on the James Braziercase, students have dissected FBI files, poredthrough public records, and discovered longhiddentrial transcripts from the civil casebrought against Dawson police by Hattie BellBrazier, James Brazier’s widow.Senior history major Erica Sterling 15Ctook the Cold Cases class in spring 2014 andthis spring undertook an independent studyproject to delve into the cases of Joseph Jeter,a housing project manager shot and killed bya white police officer in Northwest Atlanta inSeptember 1958, and Maceo Snipes, a WorldWar II veteran shot in the back by allegedmembers of the Ku Klux Klan for daring tovote in a 1946 Taylor County primary election.Sterling says the research is tricky becausestudents aren’t quite sure what they’ll find.“I’ve gone through newspaper articles fromthe time, NAACP records, FBI files—you sortof have to close in on it and build around it.You look at what is public record, and you tryto come up with answers. In many instances,no one has looked at what we are looking atuntil now,” she says. “I would say the most challengingaspect is not finding anything. Thereare times when you are searching for information,and hours will have gone by and yourwork has yielded very little. That is frustrating,but if you don’t find what you are looking for,you might find something you don’t expect.You just have to trust the process and keepworking.”Students have examined the case throughlenses of economics, medical neglect andmalpractice, feminism, sociology, and witnessintimidation by local law enforcement duringthe FBI investigation.“The class is constantly evolving becausewe are thinking of the classes as generations,each building on the previous classes’ work andinsights. Their findings reshape the stories wecan tell,” Gadsden says.After exploring the materials related to theJames Brazier case and an explanation of theresearch topics previous classes had covered,political science and journalism major ScottSchlafer 15C homed in on what he saw asthe gross mishandling of Brazier’s medicaltreatment.“Having read about his treatment, it wasclear he did not receive the kind of medicalcare he should have. There was a disparity inthe treatment he got from what a white malein that same jail would have received, completelyaside from the fact that he was latertaken out of his cell in the middle of the nightand beaten [again],” Schlafer says.Armed with the medical notes of the doctorswho treated Brazier and the coroner’s reporton his cause of death, Schlafer and classmateAli Chetkof 15C contacted Emory pathologistMark Edgar to review the 1958 records.“Dr. Edgar looked at the records and thecoroner’s report. From that he was able to seewhat happened and what should have happened,or what would have happened todaywith a patient like that,” Schlafer says. The ColdCases Project now has an ongoing relationshipwith Edgar to review any medical documentationstudents uncover during their research.“To see that a line of inquiry you followedis something that has substance and is worthwhileis really rewarding,” Schlafer says. “Onceyou do research on primary sources—to engulfyourself in the time period to understand whatit was like—it hits home to see the full spectrumof the Jim Crow South. For James Brazier,it was really a part of every single aspect of hislife. And it ended up killing him.”History major Nathaniel Meyersohn 15Csays using primary documents—from FBI filesto NAACP records to newspaper archives—offered a new window into history. “Whenyou are reading FBI interviews with witnesses,these things really jump off the page,” he says.“All of these materials show just how hard itwas for blacks to receive justice—how the localhistoR y lesson: Hank Klibanoff and BrettGadsden (below left, from left) learn new detailsfrom students; NAACP leader Ezekiel Holley (belowright) hopes new generations will heal old wounds.SPRING 2015 magazine 23

police, state officials, and even the federal governmentwere really opposed to using their fullresources to investigate civil rights cases.”Even the smallest details—such as the kindof car James Brazier drove—add context to thecases, Klibanoff says.“We know James Brazier was driving a new1958 Chevrolet Impala. That leads to questionsabout the state of black consumerism in 1958,”Klibanoff says.In the testimonies from witnesses throughoutthe Brazier case, it was noted that theofficers involved—Weyman Burchle Cherryand Randolph Ennis McDonald—had targetedBrazier in the past for traffic stops and arrestsand were resentful of Brazier’s car, with Cherryat one point allegedly saying “You is the n****rwho is buying a new car, and we can’t hardlylive. I’ll get you yet.”“Police were clear in why they targetedJames Brazier. Our question is, what was thecultural importance or significance of thatmake of vehicle at that historical moment?”Gadsden asks. “It is an end, but it also is ameans, to finding larger truths of what wasgoing on in that time period. The details ofthese deaths, what the circumstances werearound them, tell us about the historical placeand time. When we are doing it right in theclassroom, that is what’s happening.”civil fights: Alumna and radio journalist MaryClaire Kelly (below left) continues her work withthe Cold Cases Project; Verda Mae Brazier Bush(below right, on left) listens to Lucius Hollowaydescribe the civil rights struggle in Terrell County.Everyone’s StoryFor her final paper in the Cold Cases class,Mary Claire Kelly 12OX 14C examined theeconomics of James Brazier’s case—from hishigher-than-average earnings from multiplejobs to the fact that he drove a new car thatwas out of reach for many residents of thetown at the time. Accompanied by Klibanoffand Gadsden, Kelly traveled to Dawson andAlbany to meet with James Brazier’s survivingrelatives, including Verda Mae Brazier Bush.The experience was profound for Kelly—academically, professionally, and personally.“When I went to Terrell County as astudent, and I began my thesis, I rememberthinking, who am I to tell this story? I am ayoung, white woman who is originally fromBaltimore. Am I the right person to look intothis? But I realized this is my story. This is thestory of the country I live in and was raisedin,” she says. “It shouldn’t be a separate history.This is my story because it is everyone’s storyand everyone’s responsibility to learn about theplace where we live.”Since graduating, Kelly has worked forKlibanoff on a freelance basis alongside herjob as producer for the newsmagazine A CloserLook that airs on Atlanta National PublicRadio station WABE.“In school, we’d look at Jim Crow laws or civilrights, usually during Black History Month, but itwas kind of skimmed through,” she says. “For thefirst time, I understood a really important partof my history. It made me realize how much ofwhat the South is like now is because of thingswe don’t like to speak about.”Bearing WitnessJames Brazier’s family has kept his memoryalive over the years, but it often has beenpainful. Bush is the only member of the familywho will still speak about her father’s death tooutsiders. Her sister, Hattie Mae Brazier Polite,initially spoke to Klibanoff, Gadsden, andKelly about the incident, as did one of JamesBrazier’s sisters, Sarah Brazier, but relivingthe family’s tragedy became too difficult. Herbrothers—James Jr. and Willie James, whomthe family called Ruddy—died in 2008 and2009, respectively.“My mother never talked about it tous. Children kept their place; nothing wasdiscussed with children back at that time. Wetalked to each other about what happenedand how awful it was. My brother James had alot of hatred behind this incident; he hated tothink about it,” Bush says. “If you tried to talkto him about this he would get angry and say‘Don’t come to me with that s***.’ He took itvery, very hard until the day he died.”By contrast, Bush’s daughter has heardthe story of her grandfather’s death “ever sinceshe could hear.” Bush also has shared the storyover and over again with her four grandchildren.“Young people today don’t understand thestruggle our forefathers went through,” Bushsays. “They were born into an integrated society.Mixed-race dating is normal to them, but Iremember when people used to be hanged forthat. When Hank (Klibanoff) sent me printoutsof the website, my youngest granddaughterlooked it up on the Internet. All they could24 magazine SPRING 2015

“They don’t understandthat we were powerlessagainst the law. Powerless.Everyone was afraid inthat time.”—verda mae Brazier bushpe ace of mind:Verda Mae Brazier Bushat Sardis Cemeteryin Dawson, Georgia,where her father’sgrave is is just shake their heads like they couldn’tbelieve it.”Bush has listened to her grandchildren asthey declared what they would do in a similarsituation—that they would not have put upwith such treatment.“They don’t understand that we werepowerless against the law. Powerless. Everyonewas afraid in that time. Every time you’dlook around, someone was being beaten up orkilled, all black men. [Police] would just beatthem up because they could,” Bush says. “Wejust had to sit back and accept it, there wasnothing we could do.”Walking around the edge of the propertyher parents used to own, Bush mentionsabsently that the house used to be green beforepointing to a shallow, overgrown trench thatruns beside the house.“They drug him through that ditch,” shesays, remembering the fear of the day herfather was taken from his family and the confusionthat came after for her and her youngersiblings.“I don’t remember that much about whathappened during that time. Adults didn’t talkto children like they do now. We had to stayin a room with the other children,” Bush says.“I remember a lot of people were there at thefuneral; everyone was standing outside talkingand whispering. I had no real concept of whatwas going on, but I do remember that was thefirst time I was allowed to wear stockings.”One of the neighbors who witnessed thebeating and arrest was Lucius Holloway, whosaw the events unfold as he sat on the frontporch of his father-in-law’s house, locateddiagonally across the street, with his parentsin-lawand his wife, Emma Kate, who waspregnant with the couple’s first child.Recently, Holloway and Bush stood andtalked in the street in front of the Braziers’former home, where Holloway’s son now lives.“They used to say that if a woman sawsomething bad it could do something to thechild, so I scooped Emma Kate up and carriedher in the house. They nearly beat him todeath right there,” Holloway recalls, pointing.The incident left a lasting impression on him,and he has spent the intervening years fightingfor civil and voting rights as an activist withthe local NAACP and as the plaintiff in severallawsuits seeking equal African American representationon various city and county boards.He has written his own history of civil rightsin the area, and he welcomes the attention tounsolved and unprosecuted crimes by Emory’sCold Cases Project.“Any time a man or woman, boy or girldoesn’t know where they are, where they comefrom, or where they are going, they cannot succeed.I think it is very helpful for this generationand for future generations to know thesethings happened here,” Holloway says.From a small storefront office on Dawson’sMain Street, Ezekiel Holley mans the TerrellCounty branch of the NAACP. President of thechapter since 1994, Holley has worked for justicein big cases and small over the years.He says that, regardless of the outcome ofefforts like the Cold Cases Project, exposingthe problems of the past and revealing the truthof what happened in these cases can only yieldpositive results.“We have to educate the people, black andwhite, about the struggle we went through tobe where we are. We still have a long way yet togo,” he says.Arianna Skibell 14C, who is now pursuinga master’s degree at the Columbia UniversityGraduate School of Journalism in New York,says the class challenged her. In an age of instantlyaccessible information, it’s easy to thinkany answer can be found online, she says.“In this class, you can’t rely on someoneelse to gather and sift through information.You can’t rely on Wikipedia. You have to combthrough primary documents and synthesizethe information yourself. As a journalist it isreally important to know how to do this, andto know that finding new truth is still possible.”This class is not about convicting criminals.It’s about a rectification of history, which Skibellbelieves can be equally important.“We’re not trying to solve these crimes,” shesays. “In most cases the people who committedthem are dead. And often there’s no case to solve;it’s clear who committed the crime. But we’rehere to bear witness, to tell these people’s stories.”On the first day of the semester of each newCold Cases class, Klibanoff shows studentsa photograph of James Brazier’s headstone.Long blades of grass have grown up aroundtattered silk roses placed above the grave, andthe carved writing on the discolored concretestone is so weathered it is illegible.“We ask them to look closely at the headstone,”Klibanoff says. “We tell them we can’tbring him back to life, but we can bring himback to visibility so he is no longer an invisibleman, no longer a cipher in history.” SPRING 2015 magazine 25

26 magazine SPRING 2015Illuminatingdisability, insidethe classroomand out

of an inclusive and diverse community, which the disabilityrights movement and other civil rights movements soughtout and, to a remarkable degree, achieved. Learn about this.”—Rosemarie Garland-Thomson, Emory Convocation address, 2013If you are fortunate enough to receive an email from Rosemarie Garland-Thomson,Emory professor of English and Women’s, Gender, and Sexuality Studies, you will nodoubt note this caveat beneath her signature:“Because this message was composed using dictation rather than keyboarding, itprobably contains distinctive mistakes. Dictation never misspells, but it frequently usesthe wrong words and misspells names. Thank you in advance for reading creatively,considering the larger context when my words are confusing or hilarious, and toleratingmissing salutations and random capitalizations.”That sort of wry, intelligent, here-I-am humor is typical of Garland-Thomson, who wasborn with a total of six fingers and one arm that is half the length of the other and does nottype. In the emerging academic field of disability studies, where much of her scholarship isfocused, she is something of a rock star.Garland-Thomson has many titles. One of the more recent is codirector of the DisabilityStudies Initiative (DSI) at Emory, a broad-based program created in 2013 to spotlightand support the study of disability. Garland-Thomson leads the initiative with BenjaminReiss, a fellow professor of English whose research focuses on connections between literature,medicine, and disability in nineteenth-century American culture.The DSI is at the forefront of a national, interdisciplinary movement that builds onwide-ranging academic research to challenge assumptions about human difference andshared definitions of life well and fully lived. One of the objectives, says Garland-Thomson,is to expand the umbrella known as “diversity studies” to encompass variations inphysical, sensory, and cognitive ability, as well as other kinds of identity.“Although much recent scholarship explores how difference and identity operate insuch politicized constructions as gender, race, and sexuality, cultural and literary criticismhas generally overlooked the related perceptions of corporeal otherness we think of variouslyas ‘monstrosity,’ ‘mutilation,’ ‘deformation,’ ‘crippledness,’ or ‘physical disability,’ ” shewrites in the first chapter of her seminal 1997 book Extraordinary Bodies: Figuring PhysicalDisability in American Culture and Literature. “Yet the physically extraordinary figurethese terms describe is as essential to the cultural project of American self-making as thevaried throng of gendered, racial, ethnic, and sexual figures of otherness that support theprivileged norm.” The book is one of five that Garland-Thomson has written, edited, orco-edited; she also is currently pursuing a master’s degree in bioethics at Emory.SPRING 2015 magazine 27

ROCK STAR SCHOLAR:Rosemarie Garland-Thomson isdisability studies.“The disability rights movement created atransformation of the built environment thatdevelopment of big strollers and wheeledsuitcases was made possible by the—ROSEMARIE GARLAND-THOMSONInterest at Emory is spreading across disciplines. Fromliterary and cultural portrayals to medical ethics and theology,a range of research was on display in the second DisabilityScholars Showcase in November, where five scholarspresented overviews of their works in progress as they relateto the study of disability in their fields. Two scholars withbackgrounds in literature discussed how ideas about disabilitybecome encoded in different cultural systems. On theother side of the spectrum, applied disability studies werehighlighted by a neonatologist and a neuroethics scholar,who discussed the ethics involved in diagnosing conditionslike autism or genetic anomalies and how they are presentedto patients and their families. And a religion scholar is exploringhow an Atlanta church is making new meaning, narrative,and sybolism by including people with mental illness.In his introduction, Reiss noted the diversity of the projectspresented. “One of the best things is simply people saying,‘I had no idea that somebody over in this part of the universityis doing something that’s connected towhat I’m doing’, ” he said.This year marks the twenty-fifth anniversaryof the Americans with DisabilitiesAct (ADA), enacted in 1990 to preventdiscrimination and require reasonable accommodationsfor disabled people. Sincethen, fixtures such as curb cuts, accessramps, reserved parking spaces, and automaticdoors have become commonplacein public spaces; but as Garland-Thomsonpoints out, it’s easy to overlook the factthat those accessibility features serve everyone,not just people with disabilities.“The disability rights movement createda transformation of the built environmentthat had the unintended benefitof creating diversity inclusion and equityfor other groups—the elderly, caregiversof small children, transgendered people,travelers,” she says. “A federal mandate hasled to a more inclusive world for everyone.That’s the whole point of disability studies.I believe that the development of bigstrollers and wheeled suitcases was madepossible by the ramping of the world.”The ADA also helped lead to a dramatic expansion of themeaning of disability, which now includes conditions suchas attention deficit disorder (the most common at Emoryand on most college campuses), autism spectrum disorders,forms of psychiatric disability such as depression, learningdisabilities, asthma and allergies, and a range of neurologicaldifferences known as “neurodiversity.”Many of the fifty-plus Emory community members involvedin the DSI do not identify themselves as disabled. Oneis Joel Michael Reynolds 16PhD, a graduate student in theDepartment of Philosophy, Laney Graduate School DisabilityStudies Fellow, and DSI program coordinator, whose motherand late brother are disabled (see his essay on page 68). Whilepursuing his doctoral research on how concepts of ability anddisability affect ethical theorizing—concepts that have historicallyled to misperceptions about quality of life for peoplewith disabilities—Reynolds also sends out weekly updates tothe DSI email list promoting a startling array of events, speakers,meetings, performances, and opportunities to participatein academic projects. A recent message invited DSI followersto hear a guest lecture about disability and aesthetics, attend aseminar on deafness and universal design, join a dance classfor all body types, and participate in two different researchstudies (one creating a smartphone app for wheelchair users).“Medical professionals tend to understand disabilitiesas individual tragedies,” Reynolds says. “What’s so excitingabout the DSI is that it examines disability as a concept, asubject worthy of exploration and dialogue. The point is not28 magazine SPRING 2015

subject worthy of exploration and dialogue. The point is notthat Emory is doing everything right, but that Emory is engagedin these questions, socially and academically.”Many would agree that while the Disability Studies Initiativeand related efforts put Emory at the leading edge ofthe field, the day-to-day reality for people with disabilitieson the Emory campus has not always kept pace with theirneeds. Lynell Cadray, associate vice provost in the Office ofEquity and Inclusion, says that as the number of students,faculty, and staff who identify as disabled has increased, sohave the responsibilites of the disability services team, nowcalled Access, Disability Services, and Resources (ADSR).The office is in the process of developing a strategic plan thatincludes a community survey, staff training, better automationof information, and improved customer service andacademic support.“I’m very optimistic that the work we are undertakingwill benefit the entire university,” Cadray says. “We want tobe more than compliant—we want to do the right things forour community.”The person charged with implementing these efforts isAllison Butler, new ADSR director and ADA complianceofficer, who came to Emory in April from the University ofMaryland University College. With fifteen years’ experiencein disability services, Butler has been reaching out to all areasof the Emory campus to build a network of support, advocacy,and expertise.Some of the most common needs of Emory studentswith disabilities include extended time for supervised testtaking,assistance with note-taking in the classroom, andaccessible instructional materials; Butler says she is workingto strengthen the policies and procedures aroundall these services. Her broader vision for Emoryis focused on applying the principles of universaldesign—a movement founded on the idea that thephysical environment should be accessible to everyone.Much like Garland-Thomson’s push to positiondisability studies within the broader field of diversityscholarship, Butler’s interest in universal designrepresents a shift toward viewing the campus as onecommunity with a wide range of abilities, rather thanseparating the needs of people with disabilities.Universal design has expanded to areas beyondarchitecture; for instance, at Emory, it might call for amore deliberate integration of disability services withacademic resources, such as classroom technologythat benefits all students.“I am thinking about compliance and access at amacro level,” Butler says. “Universal design is a broadconcept that can guide all our decisions across allareas of the university. At the same time, I want ourapproach to students to be very individualized. Thereis their diagnosis, and then there is what they reallyneed to be successful here.” UNLIMITEDGraduate student and graduate instructorWhat I Do: How I Do It:Day to Day: My disability has limitedmy ability to walk andclimb stairs but notto do scholarly work,research, and learn.—Leslie LeightonVoices fromthe communitySPRING 2015 magazine 29

If I don’t feel like a victimin my own body, chancesare, you’re not a victimof my body either.—Anna HullHow I Do It:Day to Day: I ascribe much of mycontinued successacademia has allowedme in terms of selfaccommodation.—Adam NewmanAnna Hull 16TMaster of theological studies candidateWhat I Do:Doctoral candidate in the Department of EnglishWhat I Do:30 magazine SPRING 2015

twentieth-century American and African American literature and cultureand disability studies. Currently I am writing a dissertation about theways race and disability have been thought about in relation to eachother, particularly in literary representations of dependency and care thatinvolve individuals of one race caring for individuals of another race.How I Do It:need to adapt each day to how much energy I have. I ascribe much ofterms of self-accommodation. The biggest accommodation that Emorywhich graduate students in my department take in their third year. Fortheir committee members. But since my energy and abili-on one of those original three days. While I had toactively advocate for such an accommodation, I give theuniversity a lot of credit for recognizing the importance ofsuch an accommodation for my continued success.Day to Day: Because of my disabilities, I have hadthe incredible fortune in the past decade to become amember of a number of incredibly invigorating social,political, and intellectual communities of people withdisabilities and those thinking critically about disabilities.Whether it is the DSI here at Emory, or the nationalSociety for Disability Studies, or the Children’s Brainnever would have even known about, let alone becomesional relationships, and happiest memories. I telecommute one day a week. My building is accessible to me, butwhen I need to attend meetings in other spaces, go to lunch, or visita colleague, I often encounter barriers such as vehicles blocking curbcuts, inaccessible bathrooms, able-bodied people using the only accessiblebathroom stall instead of the other choices they have, inaccessiblesalad bars, broken electronic door openers, etc. I’m always looking forthe back door, the side door, or the special entrance while everyoneelse goes in the front entrance. My hope is that the world will somedayembrace and implement the idea of universal design, not only in publicbuildings, but also in private residences, so that everyone can participatein the life of the community with dignity.Day to Day: One occurred in 2007. I was a former chair of the President’s Commissionon the Status of Women and was invited to an anniversaryrecognition ceremony to be held at Beckham Grove, which had recentlybeen built outside Woodruff Library. I arrived to discover that this newlySince most of my work uses mybrain, rather than my body, I canexcel in spite of my disability.—Catherine Howett SmithCatherine Howett Smith 84C 99GStaff member since 1985; associate director,Michael C. Carlos MuseumProgressive neuromuscular diseaseWhat I Do: I have a graduate degree in art history and attended theGetty Museum Management Institute at UC–Berkeley. I am associatedirector of the Michael C. Carlos Museum. Since most of my work usesgreatest obstacle is not being able to visit donors at their homes or attendevents held in patrons’ houses because private residences are rarelyHow I Do It:order to manage the pain and fatigue associated with my disability, andbuilt space was completely inaccessible. I left the event and missed theappropriate university department. They removed a section of the landscapingchain to open a path through the grass at the back, but rollinga wheelchair over thick grass and mud is not the kind of physical accessthat makes that space welcoming to everyone. I was shocked that acces-to provide 1984. I had struggled so much with physical issues and accessibility incould hopefully be improved. I wrote a letter to then-President JimLaney. Much to my surprise, he called me and invited me to come talk tofelt that I had been heard. SPRING 2015 magazine 31

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ILLUSTRATION: STUART BRADFORDChemicalBondsNear the end of a four-month stayin Japan during summer 2014,Kathryn “Katie” Chepiga 18PhDhiked up Mount Fuji. An Emorygraduate student of organic chemistry,Chepiga was immersed in an internationalresearch project through an exchangeprogram of the National ScienceFoundation’s Center for Selective C-HFunctionalization (CCHF). She and herJapanese counterpart at Nagoya University had madea significant finding involving a new method of organicsynthesis. Now she wanted to cap her experienceabroad by summiting Fuji, Japan’s highest mountainand an active volcano.“It was really cold, rainy, and foggy. We couldn’t seemore than a few feet ahead of us,” Chepiga says of thefirst eight-hour leg of the hike. She was accompaniedby Emory senior Michael Wade Wolfe 15C, who hadrecently arrived in Japan as part of the same CCHFexchange program.The lack of visibility made all the pain and effort ofhiking up one of the world’s most scenic peaks seemlike a futile exercise. Soggy and freezing, they trudgedon until they made it to a hiker’s communal way stationwhere they could change into dry gear and get afew hours of sleep.When they awoke before dawn, the rain hadstopped and the fog had lifted. They continued theirtrek on a fresh blanket of snow. “The last few hundredmeters, we walked single file, in a line of people wearinglittle headlamps,” Chepiga recalls. “It’s high altitudeand slow going. It feels like you’re only moving afew steps every twenty minutes.”Snow fell as they neared the crater rim. “You couldsee city lights peeking through the clouds below us,”Chepiga says. “It got more and more beautiful theEmory-based center is breaking down silosand speeding up scientific discoveryhigher we went. Then the sky turned from dark grayand black to orange and red. That sunrise was amazing.It was definitely worth the climb.”Summiting Fuji was a walk in the park comparedto the CCHF research that took Chepiga to Japan. Shejoined forces with Atsushi Yamaguchi, a graduate studentfrom Nagoya University, to demonstrate how a newer,more efficient strategy can be applied to synthesize naturalcompounds that hold potential medicinal benefits.“We ran into a lot of obstacles and dead ends, but we keptat it,” Chepiga says. “If you just keep putting one foot infront of the other, you know you can climb Mount Fuji.But in science you have to keep trying a lot of differentapproaches, even when you’re not sure you will achieveyour goal. It’s much less certain and concrete.”Their persistence paid off. In January, the Journal ofthe American Chemical Society (JACS) published theirfindings, showing how C-H functionalization speedsup synthesis of two promising marine alkaloids froma sea sponge, known as dictyodendrin A and F.“We were able to cut the number of steps needed tosynthesize these products nearly in half, compared toprevious, more traditional methods,” Chepiga explains.“The ability to more efficiently synthesize them greatlyimproves the chances that they will be produced ona larger scale so that more can be learned about theirbiological properties and potential benefits.”Story by Carol Clark Photography by Kay HintonSPRING 2015 magazine 33

Previous research has found that dictyodendrin Ainhibits telomerase, suggesting its potential for cancerchemotherapy. And dictyodendrin F inhibits anamyloid-cleaving enzyme, hinting at its potential totreat Alzheimer’s disease.The students shared lead authorship of the JACSpaper. Their professors and mentors are coauthors,including Kenichiro Itami and Junichiro Yamaguchifrom Nagoya and Emory organic chemist and professorHuw Davies.“This paper shows the power of the global networkthe CCHF has developed,” says Davies, director of thecenter, which is based at Emory. “We hope this workserves as a model for others to emulate and to expandupon—both the new methods of doing chemicalsynthesis and the new ways for organic chemists tocombine their expertise and collaborate, rather thancompete.”The graduate students completed the synthesis ofthe two products over the course of one year.“It’s common for a total synthesis project to takethe division between reactive, or functional, molecularbonds and the inert, or nonfunctional bondscarbon-carbon (C-C) and carbon-hydrogen (C–H).The inert bonds provide a strong, stable scaffold forperforming chemical synthesis on the reactive groups.C-H functionalization flips this model on its head:It bypasses the reactive groups and does synthesis atthe inert C-H sites.The CCHF is at the forefront of this major paradigmshift in organic chemistry. It brings togetherscientists from leading research universities acrossthe United States, Asia, and Europe—as well as fromprivate industry—with the aim of making organicsynthesis faster, simpler, and greener.At the same time, the center is preparing studentsfor a new era of collaborative chemistry on a globalscale. Undergraduates, graduate students, and postdoctoralfellows can participate in national and internationalexchanges, learning the techniques of otherlabs while bringing in new ideas of their own.When Yamaguchi arrived at Emory, he hit theMIXING IT UP: KathrynChepiga (above left) andAtsushi Yamaguchi (center)played trading spaces withtheir labs; Emory’s Huw Davies(right) hopes to break downbarriers and competition amongchemistry labs for better,faster results.four to six years,” Davies says. “It’s amazing that theyachieved it in such a short time. Emory had one areaof expertise needed to complete the project, and theUniversity of Nagoya had the other area. Katie andAtsushi bridged cultures and continents and broughtthese two areas together.”The project began in fall 2013, when Atsushi Yamaguchitraveled to Atlanta to spend three months workingin the Davies lab. He brought with him an ideafrom the Itami lab in Nagoya—to apply C-H functionalizationmethods to synthesize dictyodendrins.Traditionally, organic chemistry has focused onground running, Davies recalls. “The culture of ourlab is very different from the way they work in Japan,but Atsushi just jumped right in and embraced it. Hewas very focused and extremely determined to learnall that he could and to make his project work.”Chepiga shares a similar determination, as well asthe desire to gain varied experiences. She entered Emory’sgraduate program in chemistry in 2010, drawnby the exchange opportunities offered by the CCHF.The center began with a network of top researchuniversities across the United States when it launchedin 2009. Since then, it has expanded through the Na-34 magazine SPRING 2015

tional Science Foundation program Science AcrossVirtual Institutes (SAVI) to also include organicchemistry labs and research centers in Japan, Korea,England, and Germany.“In organic chemistry, you might spend yourwhole PhD program just learning the techniques andexpertise of one lab and one professor,” Chepiga says.“When I heard how the center was changing that concept,I wanted to be a part of it. I’m gaining a range ofexpertise and learning how to adapt to different labsettings. And I have a much bigger network of professorsand students to bounce ideas off of when I runinto a problem. It never feels like there is a dull momentin a project because we can come at it from somany different angles.”Last spring, Chepiga traveled to Nagoya to helpYamaguchi complete the synthesis project. “I lovedthe cultural experience and working in a new environment,”she says. “I found the members of the Itamilab to be incredibly friendly and helpful.”The challenge facing the two graduate studentsSundays, Chepiga would take train or bus trips withcolleagues to visit a scenic spot. “We saw wild baboonswalking toward us in the snow,” Chepiga recallsof a trip to Kamicohi, known as the Japanese Alps.“Japan has incredible beauty and diversity. There is somuch to see. And I’d look forward to getting back tothe lab on Monday because the work was so exciting.”Chepiga especially appreciated a custom of thelab members to greet each and every colleague daily.“It’s a good feeling to have forty people tell you ‘goodmorning.’ It’s a great way to start the day,” she says.While her work at the Davies lab has focused oncatalyst development and applications, the exchangeproject required Chepiga to learn new techniques forsynthesis and for analyzing the products of smallscalereactions. “It reinvigorated me to learn so manynew skills,” she says.The published results of the project open newpossibilities for chemistry. “We’re hoping that otherresearchers will want to explore the potential therapeuticbenefits of dictyodendrins A and F, now that“It’s amazing that theyachieved so much in such ashort time. Emory had onearea of expertise needed tocomplete the project, andthe University of Nagoyahad the other area. Katieand Atsushi bridged culturesand continents and broughtthese two areas together.”—HUW DAVIES, CCHF DIRECTORwas to perform controlled, sequential functionalizationof four C-H bonds on a pyrrole core—a basic,organic unit common in many medicinal compounds.The Itami lab specializes in C-H arylation, a processthat converts a C-H bond into an elaborate structureneeded for the synthesis. The Davies lab is specializedin using rhodium catalysts to directly insert a carbenefragment into C-H bonds, another critical step. “Wedefinitely struggled at times,” says Chepiga of the problemsinvolved. “We worked a six-day week, every week.”But her hosts also made sure she saw some of thebeauty and diversity of Japan outside the lab. Mostthe synthesis is more practical,” she says. “And we alsohope that our synthesic methods can be applied morebroadly to many other compounds with interestingbiological properties.”Combining the expertise of different labs not onlyboosted the pace of discovery, it also speeded upChepiga’s academic career. She is on track to finishher PhD program within a few months, for a total ofjust four and a half years, and she has already secureda postdoctoral fellowship in Germany.“My experiences in Japan made me want to seeeven more of the world,” Chepiga says. SPRING 2015 magazine 35

MoreA rising star in the art world, Fahamu Pecou hasfound an intellectual home as a doctoral studentat Emory, pursuing studies that amplify his edgyStory b y K i m b e r Wi l l ia m sPhotography by Bryan Meltza36 magazine SPRING 2015

photo: Mike Mck e lveySPRING 2015 magazine 37

When FAHAMU PECOU 16PHD was younger—beforehe had consciously claimed art asa means of self-expression and survival—heinvented a superhero, a cartoon characternamed “Black Man.”Armed with pencil and paper, Pecoufound refuge in sketching the edgy adventuresof Black Man, the alter ego of Ahmad,a brilliant young man whose father had diedin an accident while trying to develop amolecular transformer. Sifting through hisfather’s notes, the grief-stricken characterwould discover a way to build the transformerhimself—morphing into a superhero withsuperhuman qualities.Super strong. Super smart. A skinny blackkid with the power to save the world, whowould rise up to become a great avenger ofwrongs, battling crimes that resonated deepwithin the black community.Back in Hartsville, South Carolina,where Pecou (pronounced “pay-coo”) soldhis serialized comic strip for fifty cents aninstallment, high school friends teased thatAhmad looked suspiciously like the boy whohad created him.They were right.“The character was based on me and the things I aspired to, thatI hoped for,” acknowledges Pecou, an Atlanta-based visual and performingartist now pursuing doctoral studies at Emory’s GraduateInstitute of the Liberal Arts (ILA), whose critically acclaimed work hasbeen exhibited in galleries from Paris to Panama, Switzerland to SouthAfrica.Even now, Pecou uses himself as a model, not in an autobiographicalsense, he explains, but as an allegory, capturing traits “typicallyassociated with black men in hip-hop and juxtaposing them within afine art context . . . both the realities and fantasies projected from andonto black male bodies.”Today, his artwork can be found displayed throughout notablepublic and private collections. Pecou has a much-anticipated exhibitionand collaborative project on display at Atlanta’s High Museumof Art, on the heels of his first solo museum exhibit at the Museum ofContemporary Art of Georgia (MOCA GA), which showcased some ofhis largest works to date. This summer, another show will open at theBackslash Gallery in Paris—by all measures, an artist on the ascent.For Pecou, the journey—from a boy who once seized upon art as arefuge to a celebrated international artist noted for the shrewd culturalcommentary that infuses his work—has been a jagged odyssey indeed.The Black Walt DisneyThe public caught a glimpse of Pecou’s unique vision with the recent exhibit at MOCA GA and the culmination ofhis fellowship through the Working Artist Project, and in , works inspired by the legacy of twentieth-century artistWilfredo Lam, which opened in February at the High.Both exhibits showcase bold, culturally engaged art with an unexpectedtwist. In , Pecou combines aspects ofmodern hip-hop imagery with his own interest in Yoruba, spirituallyrooted in African culture, and Négritude—the midcentury movementby black Francophone intellectuals to create a black identity separatefrom that of their French colonizers.Through a series of drawings, paintings, language, and soundworks, embodied a clever triple entendre, exploring notonly a physical concept and the sense of something serious, but alsothe controversial trend of “saggin’ ”—a low-riding style of wearingpants that puts boxer shorts on full display.The exhibit was informed by Pecou’s broader research into contemporaryrepresentations of black masculinity in popular culture—onefocus of his studies at Emory. Like other forms of resistance in mar-38 magazine SPRING 2015

And so it was that Pecou invented Black Man—the superhumanboy who stood strong against his enemies. “Art was my saving grace,my go-to place when things got a little rough,” he recalls.Pecou was nine years old when he discovered what a cartoon animatorwas, reading about the profession in an encyclopedia. “From thatmoment until the time I got to college, it became my singular focus,” hesays. “I told my friends that I was going to be the black Walt Disney.”Life after Death“I saw a different potential for myself as anartist. I started painting more and ultimatelychanged my major from animation to painting.There was something about it that mademe feel more alive.”ginalized communities, oppositional fashion trends like saggin’ canserve as a politicized statement, “a demand to be recognized in a worldthat wishes to render you invisible.”He knows what it is like to feel invisible. Much of his childhood wasshaped by a complex search for identity. Born in Brooklyn, New York,in 1975, Pecou was only four years old the night his father, who hadlong battled schizophrenia, murdered his mother.As Pecou and his three siblings watched television, his mother,Betty Ann, attended to his father, Alphonso, who had tried and failedto have himself committed for psychiatric care earlier that day. Theirangry shouts shook the apartment; then, a shattering scream.Alphonso barked at the children to prepare to run. When the doorto their bedroom swung open, young Fahamu thought he could seebright-hot flames dancing within.It would be years before Pecou allowed himself to confront thefull memory of that night. After his father turned himself in at a localpolice precinct, Pecou and his siblings were sent to South Carolina tolive in a public housing project with his mother’s relatives.Aunt Punch, as she was called, was as good as her nickname. Shehad no patience for a sensitive boy who liked to sketch the cartoons hesaw on television, who enjoyed school and won art contests and couldlose himself in an encyclopedia.During Pecou’s first class at Atlanta College of Art, aninstructor scratched the words, “What Is Art?” on the blackboard.To Pecou, “it was just something that I did.” Hesitant to enter theconversation, he said nothing. But the question would haunt him.During his freshman year, a friend insisted that there was more toart than the cartoons he labored over. He remembers her “draggingme by the hand to the High Museum of Art,” his first trip to a museumor gallery. “It blew my mind,” Pecou recalls.“I saw a different potential for myself as an artist,” he explains. “Istarted painting more and ultimately changed my major from animationto painting. There was something about it that made me feel more alive.”In time, Pecou was creating paintings of his cartoon characters,wryly imposing his superheroes onto the covers of popular magazines,such as or . While taking an independent study class atSpelman College, his work caught the eye of Arturo Lindsay, an artistscholarknown for ethnographic research on African aesthetics in contemporaryAmerican culture, who christened Pecou’s work “Neo-Pop.”When Lindsay challenged him to create on a larger scale, Pecou producedsix-foot-tall canvases of the magazine covers, wrestling with themduring MARTA commutes. Art was taking on new possibilities, and withit, Pecou found himself in search of deeper meaning.One night during his junior year, a fellow art student who workedwith found objects stopped by Pecou’s room. From a construction site,he had salvaged a battered, wooden box—an old cement mold. “Therewas something about it that resonated within me,” Pecou recalls.Later that night, listening to a Goodie Mob song, “Guess Who,” thelyrics spoke to him anew: “ . . . ”“I must have listened to it on replay for hours,” he says. “When Icame out of my fog, I had transformed that battered cement mold intoa spirit box, a tribute to my mom. It was powerful for me in ways Icould not explain, motivated me for the first time to really engage withthe story of my mom and my family.”As if by collective agreement, Pecou, his brother, and sisters hadnever spoken of the night their mother died, stabbed in the chest witha machete. Closing his eyes, Pecou could summon fragments, but wasnever sure if they were only dreams.Inspired, he interviewed his siblings, reawakening their own splinteredimpressions—fleeing the apartment, bloodstains on their father’sshirt, and a cold walk to the police station, where his father announcedthat he was “Jesus Christ” and had just “killed the devil.”From those excavated memories, Pecou would create a senior project that laid bare the turbulent love, pain, andtruth of his own past.The experience was transformative.SPRING 2015 magazine 39

“When that exhibition opened I was a little nervous, because itwas very personal,” Pecou recalls. “People walked in and their facesopened, glistening with tears. Some were so moved they shared withme incidents of their own childhood tragedy. My work gave them thecourage to face things they had shied away from.”“From that point on, I decided never to make art for the sake of makinga pretty picture, but to move people and change the world,” he says.In the past, Pecou had walked door-to-door seeking art galleries toshow his work, save one—the Ty Stokes Gallery, located directly acrossthe street from his own Diamond Lounge Studio in Atlanta’s CastleberryHill Art District. As neighbors, Pecou had frequently chatted overcoffee with gallery owner Bill Bounds, but never to trumpet his ownart. Stepping into Pecou’s studio to retrieve a Pecou T-shirt, the galleryowner noticed the bold NEOPOP canvases leaning against the walls.He stood motionless, studying them. “You should put these in mygallery,” Bounds finally said.After such a dynamic debut, the years that followed werea creative struggle.Following graduation in 1997, he “lied his way into a graphic designjob” at a small, boutique agency in New York, working with risingperformers, nightclubs, and restaurants. Noting how different rappersoften were from the personas they projected, Pecou wondered: Whydoesn’t someone market a visual artist the way we do a rapper?The question drew him back to Atlanta, where he joined a friendto create a new design firm, Diamond Lounge Studios. They soughtclients door-to-door, hitting up clubs and studios with a growing portfolioof hip, urban material.At the same time, Pecou was trying to get his own artwork into galleries,with little success.In 2001, Pecou had an opportunity to do work for formerAtlanta Mayor Shirley Jackson’s inaugural campaign. Soon,Pecou and his partner shared a running joke—in order to getinto art galleries, he would need his election committee.Beneath the sarcasm, Pecou saw some truth. Buildingupon his own ideas about marketing visual artists, the youngartist decided to create a brash, tongue-in-cheek undergroundcampaign: “Fahamu Pecou Is The S--t,” paid for bythe Committee to Officially Make Fahamu Pecou the S--t.It was a subversive experiment, a parody of a promotionalcampaign “with no rhyme or reason,” Pecou admits. “And itwas a hit.”As the slogan, along with a graphic image of a tough,shirtless Pecou, began to appear on fliers, stickers, T-shirts,and a viral email campaign throughout Atlanta, the buzzbegan to build: Who was this Fahamu Pecou?Pecou took it a step further, inserting his image on a fakemagazine cover, which he printed on a reader response card;those who returned the card would receive a free copy of themagazine. When Pecou slipped the cards into real magazineson newsstands, hundreds were mailed back.Painting that magazine cover was more than an elaboratejoke. It also kindled his creativity, resulting in the creationof a series of paintings that played on celebrity,hip-hop, and culture. His artistic rhythm was back. In 2004,Pecou was invited to join , a group artshow at the High Museum of Art.From Boyhood to ManhoodThe opening of the High Museum exhibit marked a granddebut for the Fahamu Pecou character—a victory lap of sorts, and theculmination of his satirical publicity campaign.Pecou made it a night to remember, playing up his growing urbanmystique with swaggy celebrity regalia, including a six-foot-eight-inchbodyguard, a pretty girl draped on his arm, and a small entourage. Heturned the promotional game on its ear—both used it and mocked it—and he won. Not long after that, things began to snowball.When Pecou’s work went up in the Ty Stokes Gallery, Boundsshared images with a friend who ran a gallery in Dallas, Texas, whoimmediately wanted to show the work, too.On page 37: Head Rush, 2014, acrylic and graphite on paper; right: SoulPower, 2015, acrylic gold leaf and peacock feathers on canvas; both usedcourtesy of the artist.40 magazine SPRING 2015

The Dallas show, , sold out before it everopened. Paintings were still in bubble wrap leaning against the walls“and people were coming in, pointing and saying, ‘I’ll take that one,’”Pecou recalls.Over the next few years, Pecou’s work would be featured in morethan a dozen group shows or exhibits. Paintings that he’d once struggledto sell for $100 were suddenly fetching thousands of dollars. Interestin his bold, urban work and challenging viewpoint was spreading.But it was the birth of his children, daughter Oji and son Ngozi,that would bring him to a deeper, more introspective place. “I began tothink about my own journey from boyhood to manhood—not havinga father around had affected me,” he explains. “I wanted to use mywork to have a broader conversation with young black men about theiridentity, their masculinity, some of the inherited and imposed expectationsthat young black men face.”The Artist as Scholar (or, Fahamu Mania)Although Pecou likes to think his work has always radiateddeeper meaning, in light of events such as the Michael Brownshooting in Ferguson, Missouri, its themes have taken on new urgency.“I shifted from NEOPOP celebrity to really looking at black masculinityand how it could be influenced with various representations,” he says.Pecou at his HighMuseum exhibit,Imagining NewWorldsIt’s a focus also reflected in Pecou’s work at Emory, where he’s nowin his third year of graduate studies at the ILA. Though research hasalways been a part of his art, Pecou says he came to the university drivenby “a deep yearning to be challenged in an intellectual environment.”Pecou recalls venting his frustration one night at “Yo! Karaoke,” alocal karaoke event he helped host at Pal’s Lounge on Auburn Avenue.“I wanted to go back to school, but couldn’t find a program to suit myneeds,” Pecou recalls telling his friend and fellow karaoke discipleMichael Leo Owens, who happens to work at Emory.Owens, an associate professor of political science, suggested theinterdisciplinary flexibility offered in Emory’s ILA would be a good fit.“Everyone who knows Fahamu knows that he’s a true Renaissanceman,” Owens says. “He has an incredible set of talents—it seemsthere’s nothing he can’t do or won’t try, and he’s successful at it all.”What his art invites, Owens says, “is a really nice, long conversationand critique about not only black culture, but American culture,along with the potential to help young black men and women to believethere is a greater, broader set of opportunities available to them.”Pecou attended an ILA open house at Emory and quickly submittedan application, complete with samples of his art, recalls KimberlyWallace-Sanders, associate professor in African American studies anddirector of graduate studies in ILA, who would become his adviser.“We were all fighting over his application,” Wallace-Sanderslaughs. “It was our first introduction to Fahamu mania.”As a student, Wallace-Sanders has found Pecou “open to everythingI can throw at him, from feminist theory to philosophy—he’salways thinking of ways to add another layer of meaning to his art,always thinking about the right questions to ask.”“I can’t tell you what it’s like to witness his mind at work,” she says.“He’ll show me something on a sketchpad, then on a computer, thenit’s a conversation, then it’s on a canvas, then he’s flying off somewhereto present a paper about it.”Pecou says his academic experience has “freed my work. I findthat I can address some of the concerns and ideas I have academically,which amplifies my art.”The scholarship and artistry often work hand in hand. Pecou expandedupon themes from his exhibit to write a researchpaper that he will present at the international conference “BlackPortraiture(s) II: Imagining the Black Body and Restaging Histories”in Florence, Italy, later this spring.At times, it’s hard to tell where one discipline ends and the other begins.Working in Emory’s Manuscript, Archives, and Rare Book Libraryto help catalog the library of the late Emory professor Rudolph Byrdintroduced Pecou to early twentieth-century magazines he’d never beforediscovered. That influence can be seen in his exhibit at the High Museum. One of his paintings depicts a stylized selfportraiton the cover of , a magazine originally published inthe 1940s as an alternative to .Through his studies at Emory, Pecou has been able to engage withleading theorists around “black masculinity, hip-hop theory—all ofthese viewpoints coming together that have allowed me to really thinkthrough my own ideas.”“I can talk to a kid on the street about saggin’ or a room full of scholarsabout oppositional fashion and have them understand thesame message,” he adds. “I think that’s really powerful.” SPRING 2015 magazine 41

DIRECTIONSnewPaul Johnson, director of Yerkes National Primate Research Center,is ramping up efforts to help write the last chapter on HIVStory by Dana GoldmanPhotography by Kay HintonAs the world grappled with news of anunprecedented outbreak of Ebola virusdisease during the past year, more thantwo million people around the worldwere grappling with a new HIV diagnosis.And while AIDS is now managed with medications,something like chronic conditions such asdiabetes, that’s not good enough, says Guido Silvestri,chief of the Division of Microbiology and Immunologyat Yerkes National Primate Research Center and aprofessor at Emory School of Medicine.Paul Johnson, the new director of Yerkes, agrees;that’s why he is ramping up efforts to help write thelast chapter on HIV. To do so, he is making connectionsbetween Timothy Brown, the first and onlypatient out of an estimated 78 million affected by HIVto be cured of the disease since it was first identified,and research with nonhuman primates to try to answerthe question that is captivating AIDS researchersaround the globe: What exactly was it about TimothyBrown’s treatment that cured him?Brown’s story—detailed in the New England Journalof Medicine almost thirty years into the epidemic—hasreinvigorated the field of AIDS research, providing hopethat the disease might, in fact, have an end in sight.“AIDS research made tremendous progressbecause we were able to identify enough aspects ofthe virus’s life cycle that can be targeted with certaindrugs, but it’s still not ideal,” Silvestri says. “If you’rea person living with HIV today, you need to take thedrugs for life. And even if everything goes well andyou don’t have a lot of side effects, HIV is still veryexpensive for society, and there’s still some residualmortality and morbidity. You’re never back to normal.You need a vaccine, and you need a cure.”Under Johnson’s leadership, scientists at Yerkes andacross Emory are working on both. Johnson, who tookover as Yerkes director last summer, is furtheringresearch collaborations among Yerkes, the Emory Centerfor AIDS Research, the Emory Vaccine Center, andEmory’s adult and pediatric infectious disease programs.Johnson, Silvestri, and their colleagues have severalideas they’re currently testing throughresearch. As part of his treatment, Brown had twobone marrow transplants and received infusions ofbone marrow. “A key question for the field is whatelements of those procedures were essential for thelong-term cure,” says Johnson. Because of medicalethics around experimentation, it’s impossible toreplicate that procedure on humans.42 magazine SPRING 2015

That’s why the nonhuman primates at Yerkes areessential. Silvestri has spent his career examiningthe similarities and differences between simian immunodeficiencyvirus (SIV) and HIV. Unlike HIV’seffect on humans, SIV does not cause disease in sootymangabeys, the African monkeys that naturallybecome infected with it, making it of particular interestto researchers.It’s been difficult for scientists to figure out how totreat SIV-infected primates in a way that would helpresearchers pursue a cure for HIV. But, says Johnson,“there are now regimens and combinations of drugs thatallow this to be done routinely. The availability of theseimproved regimens has greatly accelerated interest inHIV cure research in nonhuman primate models.”Since the news of Brown’s cure, Silvestri has beenhard at work using primate models to explore whataspects of Brown’s bone marrow transplants may havemade the difference. Says Johnson, “It’s difficult to designthese experiments for humans, and Guido Silvestrihas established a program here that allows one to lookat the components of the bone marrow transplant inSYNERGY: Divisionchief Guido Silvestri (left)and Yerkes Director PaulJohnson are tackling HIVfrom different angles.SPRING 2015 magazine 43

nonhuman primates and tease out those necessary forlong-term viral eradication.” Those components alsomay provide information to help researchers developa vaccine to prevent new cases of HIV.Silvestri’s lab is working to understand whatprevents SIV from becoming a full-blown infection innonhuman primates, searching for findings that maybe applicable to humans. This research, Silvestri says,wouldn’t be possible without the resources at Yerkes.“Yerkes puts us in a position to test hypotheses andconcepts in a way we wouldn’t be able to do elsewhere,”says Silvestri.Meanwhile, Johnson is spearheading a secondphase of a research study funded through the Bill &Melinda Gates Foundation, focused on understandingand identifying hidden reservoirs of latent cells carryingHIV. “These cells can be essentially invisible to theimmune system and extremely challenging to detect bystandard approaches,” he says. To improve detection,Johnson and his team have developed a technique toanalyze genes in specific cells so they will have a betterchance of eliminating latent cells later on.Yerkes, says Johnson, “is a robust environment forAIDS research in humans and nonhuman primates.We have a collaborative critical mass of investigatorsat Yerkes and Emory who are interested in cureresearch. So the ability to have these investigatorscollaborate makes this a unique environment.”Despite the Yerkes advantage, the work of findinga cure and vaccine for HIV isn’t always easy.Conducting new research without new technology isdifficult, if not impossible, and technology is expensive.It can be challenging to attract research fundingfor HIV without pilot studies, and to do pilot studieswithout funding. “Obtaining that preliminary fundingis often one of the biggest barriers that scientistsface in their research,” says Johnson.In addition, he says, finding funding for younginvestigators is especially challenging given that thesuccess rate for securing National Institutes of Healthgrants reached an all-time low in 2013.Driving Yerkes’s success in this environment will beprivate gifts from people who believe in the researchcenter’s work. “My hope is that the work done at Yerkeswill pave the way to identify new concepts and newtherapies that can ultimately be translated into clinicalpractice to help achieve HIV cure,” Johnson says.Silvestri agrees. “I hope we’re going to develop avaccine that prevents AIDS and figure out a way tocure the disease for those who are living with it. It’snot going to be easy. It’s not going to happen tomorrow.But we’re so fortunate to have a fantastic groupof colleagues, with primates right here, researchcapabilities, new leadership, institutional commitments,and national and international visibility. I’mvery optimistic.” Nonhuman primatesexhibit a degree ofgenetic similarity andneurologic function thatserve as excellent modelsfor human diseases.44 magazine SPRING 2015

Meet the Director: Paul JohnsonWHILE PAUL JOHNSON WAS A STUDENT AT HARVARD MEDICAL SCHOOL, Athe United States.By the time he graduated in 1984 and began his internal medicine residency at Yale-erating community health care activism across the country and sparking a frenzy of researchpotential treatments.In August, Johnson took over as director of the Yerkes National Primate Research Center at Emory. Previously he was director of the NewEngland Primate Research Center (NEPRC) and chair of the NEPRC Division of Immunology and professor of medicine at Harvard Medical Schooland Massachusetts General Hospital. He succeeds Stuart Zola, who had served as Yerkes director since 2001.In a conversation with Emory Magazineresearch to Emory?Yerkes has a very rich traditionthat goes back to the 1930s. Itis very well integrated withinEmory University and particularlythe Woodruff Health SciencesCenter. So as a physician, one ofthe very attractive features hereis the opportunity to work moreclosely within the medical communityand to try as director tobuild those bridges of translationalresearch projects that addresshuman health issues usingnonhuman primate research.What do you see as the ongoingchallenges of HIV research?Continuing challenges are effortsto decrease transmission andimprove our prevention efforts.A key component of thoseprevention efforts would be thedevelopment of an HIV vaccine,but it has to be complemented byother measures as well. Despitepublic education campaigns, newHIV infections continue to occurthousand annually, and worldwidethousand new infections per day.My particular area of studyhas been looking at a live attenuatedvaccine, in which animalsare vaccinated with a weakenedversion of SIV. The majorityof successful viral vaccines inclinical use are live attenuatedvaccines because they have theability to mimic natural infectionwithout inducing disease.For HIV, that balance betweendelicate, and so live attenuatedHIV vaccines are off the table.Is that because of the lack ofnatural ability of the immuneAnd because HIV infection isforever. A weakening of HIV stillposes the risk of sometime in thefuture that HIV could mutate,avoid host immune responses,and induce disease. So this is nota viable vaccine concept, but itis a way, in an animal model, forus to say what immune responsesare important for protection. Ithink one general theme of whatwe have learned is that this ongoing,low-level stimulation of theimmune system by the attenuatedvirus is important in orderto induce the sort of antibodyand T-cell responses necessaryto contain or prevent HIV or SIVinfection. So the challenge is totry to take this information anddevelop novel vaccine vectors orvaccine modalities that are able tohave some of these characteristicswhile still maintaining an appro-used in human vaccine trials.going on at Yerkes?HIV vaccine efforts are one keyarea. The other is HIV cure anderadication research. HIV as aretrovirus integrates itself intothe DNA of a cell. As long asthat cell survives or divides toproduce other cells, those othercells will be infected. Althoughthe drugs we have are very effectivein suppressing HIV replication,in the vast majority ofpeople who are taken off theseantiretroviral drugs, the viruscomes back, generally withina matter of weeks. There is avery intensive effort by multipleresearch groups, and stronglyways we can eradicate HIV infectionand not require that patientstake these antiretroviral drugsfor the rest of their lives. Thereis a very important role thatnonhuman primate work willplay in terms of identifying thetypes of cells that serve as thelatent reservoir for the infectionand determining novel strategiesfor eradicating those reservoirs.We see this as a very importantarea for nonhuman primate HIVresearch for years to come.What are other areas ofstrength at Yerkes that youwould like to see developed?One of the things that attractsme is the very vigorous neuroscienceprograms that are ongoinghere. There is ongoing researchinto behavior, social interactions,and neurodegenerative diseaseslike Parkinson’s, Alzheimer’s, andHuntington’s disease, as well aspsychiatric disorders and autism.I have been working very hardover the past several months tolearn more about those researchprograms and to learn howwe can support them movingforward and to increase our tieswith people performing neuroscienceand psychiatric researchwithin the Woodruff HealthSciences Center. One other areathat I want to highlight is the impactof the advances in geneticsand genomics that are transforminghuman clinical care andclinical research. Getting the detailedgenetic information fromsequencing DNA and RNA fromtumors is leading to a better understandingof the mechanismsof carcinogenesis, as well as thedevelopment of new therapies.It is affecting the way we givedrugs and helping the emerginghelping to provide insights intopreviously undiagnosed diseases,particularly in pediatrics. Thosesame advances in genetics andgenomics that have transformedclinical care are well poised totransform the way we do nonhumanprimate research over theAre there other aspects of yourvision for Yerkes that you’d liketo share?We need to continue to emphasizethe training of younginvestigators. That’s critical forthe future of science. SPRING 2015 magazine 45

windowsIf you’ve been touched by the storiesOF OPPORTUNITYin this issue of Emory Magazine, thesewindows can open up ways for you to turnyour inspiration into action. Here you’ll see how you can invest in the people, places,and programs found in these pages and beyond. Gifts toEmory produce powerful, lasting returns; they help createknowledge, advance research, strengthen communities,improve health, and much more.Many students choose Emory for the variety, depth, and accessibilityof research opportunities, and their curiosity is ignited by innovativeclasses. Donor gifts support student research through two avenues:Summer Undergraduate Research Experience (SURE), a nationallyin leading-edge science research; and Scholarly Inquiry and Research at Emory(SIRE), which promotes undergraduate research projects through grants, facultystudentresearch partnerships, and summer research stipends. 15PAGE42CREATING AHEALTHIER FUTUREPAGESTOKING STUDENTS’PASSION FOR RESEARCHAt Emory’s Yerkes National Primate ResearchCenter, new director Paul Johnson is helpinglead efforts to develop an HIV vaccine. Thecenter’s researchers also collaborate on other infectiousdisease research and are increasing ties with neuroscienceand psychiatric research within the Woodruff HealthSciences Center. Gifts to the Yerkes Fund for Excellencehelp open new avenues of research, educate and trainpromising young scientists, and engage the publicmore fully in the center’s work. For more information,contact Jonathan Russell, director of development, atJ O H N S O N: K AY H I N TO N; S T U D E N T S A ND PAT IENT S: A N N B O R D E N; FA H A MU P E CO U: B R YA N M E LT Z ; CO L D C A S E S: K AY H IN TO N; S W I M M E R : E MORY S P O R T S INF O R M AT I O N46 magazine SPRING 2015

36PAGEPOOLINGRESOURCESWith eighteen national championships, includingthe most recent women’s swimming and diving title,Emory has one of the most successful NCAA DivisionIII athletic programs. Donor gifts can support individualvarsity, club, and intramural teams and strengthenthe student-athlete experience. To contribute to theRAISING RENAISSANCE SCHOLARSThe Laney Graduate School offers students like theopportunity to merge their creativity, curiosity, and research in innovativeproduces Renaissance-like scholars in science and humanities. To give9PAGEBEARING WITNESS20PAGEThrough the Georgia Cold Cases Project and the, the Center for Digital Scholarship connectsthe public with Emory students’ original research into unresolved civilrights cases. Distinctive digital resources like this are a hallmark ofmodel research libraries. Libraries Fund for Excellence, contact Alex Wan, director of16PAGESUSTAININGEMORYEmory’s WaterHub, the innovativenew facility expected to save Emorywater annually, is just one of Emory’smany efforts that perform double duty: It supportsa healthy, safe, and environmentally sustainablecampus and enhances educational experiences forstudents. SPRING 2015 magazine 47

from the PresidentThank You, Atlanta,for the Past Hundred YearsThe nineteenth-century Emory president George FosterPierce once referred to the little college in Oxford, Georgia,as “an amaranthine plant”—in other words, a hardy weedthat would not die, no matter how poor the soil, how scantthe rain, or how hostile the environment. Kind of likekudzu, that invasive vine that later “ate the South.” Pierce’sday was a tough period, but Emory did survive.In this centennial year of Emory’s transplantationto Atlanta, in 1915, another botanical reference suggestsitself—wisteria. This beautifully flowering plant is knownfor its tenacious roots, its astonishing rate of growth, and itscapacity to climb and spread above us in the springtime. Ahundred years ago, like wisteria, Emory reached a long tendrilfrom its original soil in Oxford to set down a new rootsystem in Atlanta. In the century since, the university hassunk its taproot ever more deeply into the city, has grownwith it, and consequently has reached up and out to join thebroad canopy of institutions throughout the US that carryforward the intellectual and scientific work of our nation.This is a remarkable development, because not everyuniversity similar to Emory remains similarly rooted inits home environment. But these past hundred years havewrought a kind of mutually assisted evolution for the universityand our city.Emory and Atlanta have grown up together. The city’sleaders have served as Emory trustees, given generously tothe university, and sent their daughters and sons to us asstudents. In return, Emory has graduated lawyers, physicians,clergy, teachers, nurses, and public servants who havehelped to shape the city’s culture, its commerce, its racerelations, its historical memory, and its science.It is hardly conceivable that the growth of Emory to itscurrent stature as a liberal arts–based research universityin less than seventy years, since the start of PhD programsafter World War II, could have occurred without the richsoil watered by Emory’s alliances throughout Atlanta. Andwhile a host of men and women with no connection toEmory helped to build the city into the vital capital of theSoutheast, it is indisputable that Emory has contributed tothat transformation in countless ways.One of those ways is through our research enterprise,which for five years in a row has garnered more than halfa billion dollars in externally sponsored funding. Throughtechnology transfer and start-up companies and on-campusresearch, this funding is multiplied many times over tohelp make Atlanta a hub of biomedical and biotechnologicaldevelopment. Emory’s research activity helped makepossible the formation, in 1990, of the Georgia ResearchAlliance (GRA), which in turn makes it feasible for Emoryto partner with sisterinstitutions to attractsome of the mosteminent researchscientists in the worldto our campuses. Fiveyears after the formationof the GRA,Emory was invitedto join the Associationof AmericanUniversities (AAU),the sixty-two mostJAMES WAGNE R , PRE SIDE NT,prestigious researchEMORY UN IVE R SIT Yuniversities in NorthAmerica—universities that help set and pursue our nation’sscience agenda. Clearly Emory has flowered on the nationaland global scene while remaining deeply rooted in ourhome city and community.If we can learn something from Emory’s relationshipwith Atlanta, I would venture four lessons.First, we must continually demonstrate Emory’s worthinessof great trust—whether that trust leads to the planting ofthe Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) nextdoor or the great gift from the brothers Woodruff in 1979 orthe request to send Ebola virus disease patients to our hospital.Preparation, follow-through, and integrity are essential.Second, Emory must continue to stay alert to opportunitiesfor service that also expand our capacity for teachingand research. We are doing this through our partnershipswith the CDC, Georgia Tech, Children’s Healthcare ofAtlanta, and other great institutions in our city, as well asthrough the Gates Foundation, the National Institutes ofHealth, the National Science Foundation, the Mellon Foundation,and other great funding sources whose branchesextend across the globe.Third, Emory should expect that real partnerships willenhance not just Emory but all parties to the collaboration,including the city as well as the nation. This is the case withour work through the AAU to insure against a growing“innovation deficit” by fostering greater investmentin graduate programs, basic research, and technologicaldevelopment.Finally, Emory’s earned and privileged place as a globallyconnected and influential institution does not diminish theuniversity’s local commitments. While we belong to the world,we serve it best by remembering and tending to our roots.Thank you, Atlanta.EMORY PHOTO VIDEO48 magazine SPRING 2015

egisterAlumni news and class notesVolcano HoppingBill Slate 62OX caught this amazing shot of a fellowtraveler crossing lava fields near the Kilauea Iki trail atHawaii Volcanoes National Park during Emory Travel’sAuthentic Hawaii trip this spring, where he hiked,explored lava tubes, and took in the botanical gardens.50 Emory Everywhere58 Turman Award64 Tribute: Claude Sittonspring 2015 magazine 49

egisterfrom the eaaEmory Everywhereemory strong: Rose Chen 13B, Crystal Wang 11B, Emory Alumni Board President DougShipman 95C, Namsoo Im 03C, and Quan Hu 10B pose for a lighthearted photo at the Emory AsianAlumni Leadership Conference in Seoul, South Korea. The inaugural event was designed to strengthenEmory’s initiatives in the region and to build a stronger worldwide alumni network.Art OF AN ICon: Emory alumni gathered at the Millennium Gate Museum in Atlantic Station inJanuary to view an exhibit of more than thirty of Winston Churchill’s paintings, many of which havenever been publicly exhibited. Former Emory Alumni Board member Chet Tisdale 72L emceed theprogram, which featured a short historical perspective on Churchill’s artistic life by Churchill’s greatgrandsonDuncan Sandys.LEADIng THE WAY: Marie Han Silloway 00MBA, vice president for marketing and categoryfor Starbucks, discussed the company’s strategies for success in building more than 1,500 stores inChina, its largest international market, at a special event in Shanghai for Emory alumni and parentsin conjunction with the Emory Asian Alumni Leadership Conference in March. WELL TRAVELED:Orlando-area alumni enjoyed an Emory on the Road program on “Emory in the American Context” withGary Hauk 91PhD in February. The evening honored longtime volunteer Kenneth Murrah 55C 58L.Dear Friends,What does thefuture hold? Wherewill life take me? Aswe explore what itmeans to be part of aglobal alumni community,we continueto ask ourselves theseimportant questions.Change, we know, is constant. Careers beginand pivot, relationships and families grow, andlife often takes us down paths we can neverfully anticipate. There is an unending sense ofwonder and expectation.As Emory alumni, you are part of a vastglobal network of individuals with myriad skillsand connections. When you try to envision yourown future, ask yourself which career connectionscan help get you there. Who might havethe experience to inform your journey?I encourage you to reach out to your fellowalumni around the world. Meet and get toknow them through social events and virtualnetworking like @AlwaysEmory on Twitter.This summer, we are excited to launch a newcomprehensive online alumni communityplatform to help you maintain career contacts,stay abreast of activities, and keep in touch withEmory and fellow alumni. Watch for detailsthrough our website the world of infinite possibilitytogether with your fellow alumni.Sincerely,SarAH crAVEn Cook 95CSenior ASSociATE Vice PrESidentfor Alumni AffairsUpcoming Alumni EventsVirtual: Every Wednesday follow@AlwaysEmory on Twitter to shadow alumnion a typical work day.New York: May 28—Emory Network Night.June 4: Coach Chat Webinar—Pamela Slim,author of Body of Work: Finding the Threadthat Ties Your Story Together and Escape fromCubicle Nation: From Corporate Prisoner toThriving Entrepreneur.For more, visit kay hinton; VoLCAno: BiLL SLATE 62OX; ChurCHiLL: Tom BrodnAX 65OX 68C; siLLoway: courTESy of Emory Alumni ASSociATion; OrLAndo: jennifer adams50 magazine spring 2015

How to build your Emory network.5Anne, John, and Terrellhire student interns hosts an alumnichapter event sponsoredby the new alumnibusiness venture.4Terrell meets Anneat an alumni chapterevent and proposesa new businessventure.3Anne reads John’sclass note andconnects.The two soon worktogether.2John sharesnews of his jobwith classmateson LinkedIn,Facebook, andthrough Emory’sclass notes.1CEO Lin hiresstudent John beforehe graduates fromEmory.7Anne, John, and Terrellspin off from Lin’scompany to form theirown. Lin becomes aboard member whobrings in Ron to financethe new company’soperations.8Anne, John, Terrell,Lin, and Ron becomecareer contactsfor otherEmory alumni.9 Emory student Alyssacalls career contacts inboth companies, and thecycle begins again.Make the connectionsthat will boost your career.alumni.emory.eduFollow Emory alumni throughout their workday @AlwaysEmory on Twitter.

egisterLeadership-level annual supportmakes a difference.“ I am grateful forthe opportunities Ihave had at Emoryand for the supportthat has made theseexperiences possible.”Claire Bailey 14CDivision of Campus Life“ Support from annualdonors allows ourresearchers to advancescientific discoveriesand directly enhancesthe care we are able todeliver to our patients.”Keith A. DelmanSurgical oncologist,Winship Cancer Instituteof Emory University“ The flexibility that myscholarship providesallowed me to take partin a unique internshipprogram with the Centersfor Disease Control andPrevention.”Amanda Feldpausch 13MPHRollins School of PublicHealth“ My experiences atEmory Law haveprepared me to makea difference for thepeople and countriesdevastated by war.”Zainab Rakiatu Wurie 13LEmory School of Law“ The advancement ofclinical care, research,and education at EmorySchool of Medicine wouldnot be possible withoutthe support of annualdonors.”Diamondis “Mundy”Papadopoulos 86MR 89MREmory School of Medicine“ Annual gifts to the LaneyGraduate School preparestudents like me for thefuture.”Amanda Wendt 17GLaney Graduate Schoolgiving levelsf o u n d e r s$1,000*–$2,499m e n t o r s$2,500–$4,999p i o n e e r s$5,000–$9,999i n n o vat o r s$10,000–$24,999v i s i o n a r i e s$25,000+*$500 for graduatesof the last decadetheWiseHeartsocietyYour gift gives opportunity.We invite you to become a part of the Wise Heart society bymaking your leadership-level annual gift of $1,000 or more* tothe area at emory that is most important to you.l e a d e r s h i p a n n u a l g i v i n gl e a d e r s h i p a n n u a l g i v i n prudentis possidebit scientiam.52 magazine spring 2015

egisteralumni inkReading the BonesAtop a scenic bluff overlooking the Mississippi Riverand downtown Dubuque, Iowa, there once lay a graveyarddating to the 1830s, the earliest days of Americansettlement in Iowa. Though many local residents knewthe property had once been a Catholic burial ground,they believed the graves had been moved to a newcemetery in the late-nineteenth century in responseto overcrowding and changing burial customs. But in2007, when a developer broke ground for a new condominiumcomplex, the heavy machinery unearthed human bones. Over fouryears the site was excavated, and archaeologist Jennifer E. Mack 96C andskeletal biologist Robin Lillie undertook the enormous task of teasing outlife histories from fragile bones, disintegrating artifacts, and the decayingwooden coffins that were unearthed. Poring over scant documents and siftingthrough old newspapers, they pieced together the story of the cemeteryand its residents. In Dubuque’s Forgotten Cemetery: Excavating a Nineteenth-Century Burial Ground in Dubuque Iowa, Mack and Lillie weave togetherscience, history, and local mythology to tell the tale of the Third StreetCemetery and to provide a fascinating glimpse into Dubuque’s early years,the hardships its settlers endured, and the difficulties they did not survive.Wonder Women: In Womanpower Unlimitedand the Black Freedom Struggle in Mississippi, Tiyi M.Morris 94C provides the first comprehensive examinationof the Jackson, Mississippi–based women’sorganization Womanpower Unlimited. Foundedin 1961 by Claire Collins Harvey, the organizationwas created initially to provide aid to the FreedomRiders who were unjustly arrested then tortured inMississippi jails. Womanpower Unlimited expandedits activism to include programs such as voter registration drives, youtheducation, and participation in Women Strike for Peace. WomanpowerUnlimited proved not only to be a significant organization with regardto civil rights activism in Mississippi, but also a spearhead movement forrevitalizing black women’s social and political activism in the state. InWomanpower Morris elucidates the role that the group played in sustainingthe civil rights movement in Mississippi and examines the leadershipwomen provided.This Little Light of Mine: In Jamaicandance halls, competition for the video camera’s lightis stiff, so much so that dancers sometimes bleachtheir skin to enhance their visibility. In the Bahamas,tuxedoed students roll into prom in tricked-out sedans,staging grand red-carpet entrances designed to ensurethey are seen being photographed. Throughout theUnited States and Jamaica, friends pose in front ofhand-painted backgrounds of Tupac, flashy cars, orbrand-name products popularized in hip-hop culture in makeshift roadsidephotography studios. In Shine: The Visual Economy of Light in African DiasporicAesthetic Practice, Krista Thompson 99G 02PhD examines these andother photographic practices in the Caribbean and United States, showingthat, for the members of these communities, seeking out the camera’s lightprovides a means with which to represent themselves in the public sphere.Thompson is Weinberg College Board of Visitors Professor and associateprofessor in the Department of Art History at Northwestern University.A Merry Widow: Concha Alborg 77G didn’tthink that anything could hurt her more than thedeath of her husband from cancer, but hours afterhis death she learned how wrong she was. Withindays of being made a widow, the college professordiscovered that her marriage and her husband werenot what she had envisioned. In Divorce After Death:A Widow’s Memoir, Alborg uses self-deprecatinghumor and a unique point of view born of herbicultural background to reveal her strength and determination to builda new life, reject the veil of widowhood, and embrace a life of happiness,love, and acceptance.Porch Tales: While a young girl experiencesthe death of a friend, a burned-out minister questionshis calling. A young boy learns about his father.A young man chooses between two women. An oldman learns about faith as he visits a man dying ofAIDS. A man in a wheelchair touches a boy’s heartand opens his mind. In this collection of tales fromRevival and Other Stories from the South, MichaelMcNulty 82T opens a window into the heart andsoul of life. McNulty’s first novel, Forgotten Memories: A Story of Loveand Forgiveness, is the story of a small Southern textile town strugglingwith a failing mill and racial politics when a young black man comeshome to run for mayor.Life Preserver: After a lifetime of anxiety,dread, fear, and depression, Frank Troy 72PhDwas diagnosed with posttraumatic stress disorder(PTSD), a condition he acquired as a young childgrowing up in the shadow of World War II. With hisbook Beads of Water Finding Relief: Notes and Poemsabout Living 70+ Years with PTSD, Troy shares hisown journey of learning, understanding, and healingin an effort to help others cope more effectivelywith PTSD. Blending candid and sometimes deeply intimate details ofhis personal life with important philosophical and scientific insights,Troy imparts simple techniques for dealing with PTSD that he found innumerous sources ranging from ancient wisdom to the latest concepts inpsychotherapy and brain science.artistic freedom: As Nigeria struggledfor an independence won in 1960, young Nigerianartists at the Nigerian College of Arts, Science andTechnology in Zaria formed the Art Society andinaugurated “postcolonial modernism” in the country.In Postcolonial Modernism: Art and Decolonization inTwentieth-Century Nigeria, author and artist ChikaOkeke-Agulu 04 PhD traces the artistic, intellectual,and critical networks in several Nigerian cities duringthat period to reveal a deep connection with local artistic traditions andthe stylistic sophistication of twentieth-century postmodernist practices.Okeke-Agulu, associate professor in the Department of Art and Archaeologyand the Center for African American Studies at Princeton University,also is coauthor of Contemporary African Art since 1980. nspring 2015 magazine 53

Dr. Richard (Dick) Colvin, 55C, 58MYou’ll find so many interesting people at Lenbrook.Community leaders. Business achievers. Talentedentrepreneurs. So maybe it’s no coincidence thatthey chose a place to call home that’s also quiteaccomplished.Lenbrook is the only Continuing Care RetirementCommunity in Atlanta to achieve national accreditation.This rigorous evaluation means Lenbrook meets morethan 1,100 standards for excellence. To find out morecall 404-935-5222 or visit Lenbrook-Atlanta.orgfor your free information kit.accomplished54 magazine spring 2015

egisterChampion of Libraries and LearningKathy Tomajko 79G, 2015 Turman Award winnerin more than thirty-five years withGeorgia Institute of Technology’s libraries,Kathy Tomajko 79G has provided professionalleadership and committed herself to improvinglibrary science, but dedication to communityservice has been her guiding principle.“Volunteering and community service hasallowed me to choose where and how to makea difference, and it’s rewarding to see the directimpact,” says Tomajko, this year’s J. PollardTurman Alumni Service Award recipientand associate dean of libraries and aerospaceengineering librarian at Georgia Tech. “A strongcommunity can result in better lives for all of us.”As the twenty-fifth recipient of the TurmanAward, Tomajko may designate which Emoryacademic or nonacademic program, school, ordivision will receive the Tull Charitable Foundation$25,000 gift that accompanies the award.The first alumna of Emory’s librarianshipprogram to be honored, Tomajko says libraryscience and student scholarship will take toppriority.“The majority of the generous Tull CharitableFoundation donation will go to EmoryLibraries in a variety of areas,” she says. “I’vehad the pleasure of working closely with EmoryLibraries as its annual giving fund boardrepresentative and Emory Alumni Board (EAB)representative. I am so impressed with thelibrary, and what the library does for the Emorycommunity and the community at large—theircollections, their programs, their exhibits, and,of course MARBL, the Manuscript, Archives,and Rare Book Library.”Another portion of the gift will support theEAB scholarship, which was created duringTomajko’s tenure on the board from 2003 to 2007.“Scholarships are important to me. I was generouslyhelped as an Emory graduate studentvia a graduate assistantship and tuition reduction,and I want to continue to make it easier forstudents to attend college,” she says.Tomajko served on the EAB’s Annual GivingCommittee from 2007 to 2009 and as anofficer on the EAB Executive Committee. Shewas chair of the Office of Annual Giving Boardfrom 2005 to 2007 and has been active in theEmory Alumni Board Presidents’ Club since2007. She served as the alumni representativeto the Emory University Senate from 2011 to2013 and as an appointee to the UniversityBoard of Visitors.LIBrary leadersHIP: Kathy Tomajko 79G receives the 2015 J. Pollard Turman Alumni Service Awardfrom President James Wagner. The award is a glass cow because Turman, the award’s namesake, referred toleaders as “bell cows,” the leaders of the herd.In the community, Tomajko has served inmany volunteer capacities including roles withthe Junior League of DeKalb County, the MaryGay House Endowment Fund Board, DeKalbRape Crisis Center, Grady Hospital Board ofVisitors, International Women’s House, LeadershipDeKalb, Atlanta Organizing Committeefor the Centennial Olympic Games, and theLibrary Foundation of the DeKalb CountyPublic Libraries.“There are so many needs in the communitythat I wanted to do my part to meet some ofthose needs,” she says.Tomajko has earned numerous awardsfor her service, including the Louise MartinKlaucke Award of the Junior League of DeKalbCounty recognizing civic, professional, andvolunteer service, and the Frances Kaiser Awardfrom Georgia Tech for significant professionalachievement in library and information science.Later this year, Tomajko plans to retirefrom Georgia Tech, and she and her husband,Ron, look forward to spending more time oncommunity service, educational opportunities,travel, and enjoying family and friends. Meanwhile,Tomajko is eager to share the lessonsshe has learned through her professional andcommunity service.“My advice to students and others is thatthere is a world of possibilities out there. Dosomething that’s important to you,” she says. “Irecommend reaching out to the community. Somuch of our time is spent on the job. Communityservice provides opportunities to dosomething you’re passionate about.”Established in 1998, the J. Pollard TurmanAlumni Service Award is one of the highesthonors of the Emory Alumni Association.J. Pollard Turman 34C 36L was an influentialhumanitarian whose support of highereducation and cultural organizations benefitedinstitutions throughout Georgia. In 1996,through the generosity of the Tull CharitableFoundation (an organization Turman helpedform), Emory established a financial award toaccompany the Turman Award to pay tribute toTurman’s lifelong contributions to the university.In 2005 the Tull Charitable Foundation significantlyelevated its level of financial supportto Emory through a generous pledge of $25,000annually in honor of the Turman Award recipient.—Michelle Valigursky nturman award: ann bordenspring 2015 magazine 55

SAVETHEDATESeptember24–27, magazine spring 2015

Preserving a Sense of PlaceNational Trust attorney spends his days helping to save historic spacesregisterWhen he was a student at Oxfordand Emory, Ross M. Bradford 98OX 00C,now senior associate general counsel for theNational Trust for Historic Preservation, oftenwould get in his car and drive into the countrysideof the deep South.There, he says, “I’d stumble across differentlittle towns and historic places, like SocialCircle and the Monastery of the Holy Spirit.”The places spoke to him of the past, of storiesthat might disappear if they weren’t preserved.Though he didn’t know it at the time, Bradfordwould end up playing an important role in savingsuch places.After graduating from law school at the Universityof North Carolina–Chapel Hill in 2003,Bradford moved to Washington, D.C., where hedid two legal internships. The first was a briefstint in the general counsel’s office at WhitmanWalker, the renowned health and legal servicesclinic; the second was at the National Trust forHistoric Preservation. He stayed on with theTrust after they extended an offer in 2004 andnow serves as senior associate general counsel.“I’ve been here ever since,” says Bradford,adding that the Trust’s work is important“because we work to save places that matter inour nation’s conscience.”Among the places Bradford lists thatthe National Trust is involved with are thePullman Historic District in Chicago, thenation’s first model industrial town and alsothe location of one of the most divisive laborstrikes in American history; Shockoe Bottomin Richmond, a site of conscience that was thecenter of the slave trade industry, second onlyto New Orleans during the early to mid-1800s;and Great Bend of the Gila in Arizona, a NativeAmerican sacred site with archaeologicalremains, summit trails, geoglyphs, and rockpanel art dating the presence of humans backto 3000 B.C.Bradford is one of the Trust’s twelveattorneys, whose work, he says, is split into twocamps: “advocacy work, or saving places, andcorporate legal services—real estate transactions,tax issues, and lobbying compliance.”As in-house counsel, Bradford spends lesstime in court than one might imagine. Instead,many of his days are spent using the persuasiveskills he has honed as an attorney to convincevaried stakeholders that saving a place is notjust in the national interest, but in their ownlocal and individual interests, too.“Places I spend a lot of my time on areWoodlawn and Frank Lloyd Wright’s Pope-Leighey House in Alexandria, Virginia, whichis threatened by federal road projects andsprawl,” he says. Bradford relies on federal lawsto keep federal agencies in check and ensurethat they avoid harm to historic sites.“Everyone has a place that matters to them,”Bradford says. “It might be as simple as a localrestaurant you ate at as a kid, a park you spenttime studying in during college, or a churchwhere your parents were married. Not everyplace is necessarily a masterpiece of architecture,and in some instances important placesare already gone, and we are simply trying topreserve the memory of a place.”—JulieSchwietert Collazo 97OX 99C nwhere every event is a work of artLocated on the historic Emory quadrangle,the Michael C. Carlos Museum offersan elegant venue for all of yourimportant celebrations.roSS bradford: DakoTA FineFor complete information about having your nextbusiness or social occasion at the Carlos 404.727.0516spring 2015 magazine 57

egistertributeFearless Civil Rights ChroniclerCLAUde SiTTonPulitzer Prize–winning journalistClaude Sitton 47OX 49C, an Emory graduatewho earned national acclaim for his groundbreakingcoverage of the some of the mostturbulent years of the American civil rightsmovement, died Tuesday, March 10. He waseighty-nine.Sitton was born at Emory UniversityHospital and raised in Rockdale County by afamily deeply rooted in the American South.After attending Oxford College, he graduatedfrom Emory in 1949 with a bachelor’s degree injournalism. He went on to work for the InternationalNews Service and United Press in Atlanta.He was later hired by the New York Times,where he served as a copy editor. After less thana year, Sitton was sent back to Atlanta as thenewspaper’s chief Southern correspondent, witha beat that would stretch across the Southeast.It was in that role that Sitton began toreport on the civil rights movement. FromMay 1958 through October 1964, his storiesdocumented such landmark events as thedesegregation of public schools and universities,the sit-in movement, voter registrationdrives, beatings and bombings, the assassinationof civil rights leader Medgar Evers, andthe tumult of the Freedom Summer of 1964, ascollege students from across the nation floodedMississippi to help register black voters.Witness to historyTrusted by sources—civil rights leaders wereknown to carry his phone number—andknown for his direct, unflinching news writing,Sitton’s dogged coverage often made hima witness to history, even as it was unfoldingbefore him.During the height of the civil rights struggle,Sitton’s coverage would take him from onepolitical hotspot to the next, often requiringweeks on the road.Over six and a half years, Sitton would filenearly nine hundred stories from across theregion, according to the New York Times.Inspiring future journalistsSitton’s papers, including correspondence,articles, speeches, and more dating from 1958to 2004, are archived in Emory’s Manuscript,Archives, and Rare Book Library. Emory alsoholds portions of his personal library, withmany volumes annotated by Sitton.Emory alumni—who count themselveslucky to have taken his classes—recall a toughjournalistic standard-bearer with a deepempathetic core. Even today, theyremember the classroom International experiencewith a measure of awe.Emory AlumniFacebook GroupsMorieka Johnson Upton 94C Argentinawas among a group of about a Brazildozen students who took Sitton’sCayman Islandsclass, Press Coverage of the CivilGermanyRights Movement, in the early1990s.Hong Kong“He would talk, and we would Istanbullisten,” she says. “I remember the Koreagravity of his articles, which feltParislike a different time and place.SingaporeLearning about the impact that anews article could have helped South me Africagrasp the fact that I wanted Southeastern to be Europe ajournalist.”United KingdomInternational ChaptersLegacy of serviceFollowing his work covering thecivil rights movement, Sittonserved as the New York Timesnational news director from 1964to 1968. He went on to becomeeditor of the News and Observerof Raleigh, North Carolina—where he won aPulitzer Prize for commentary in 1983—andvice president and editorial director of theNews and Observer Publishing Company untilhis retirement in 1990.Sitton was one of five Emory alumni tobe awarded a Pulitzer Prize, and the only oneto win for achievements in journalism, saysGary Hauk 91PhD, Emory vice president anddeputy to the president.“One of those other Emory Pulitzer winnerswas the great C. Vann Woodward,” Hauk recalls.“Like Woodward, Claude was a Southerner whohad a different take on race and on the South’snarrative about itself.“Claude’s courage in telling that other side ofthe story earned him the respect of a generationof reporters and the lasting esteem andgratitude of his alma mater. He was a fearlessteller of truth and afflicter of the comfortable.”Among his many professional accolades,Sitton was inducted into the Atlanta PressClub Hall of Fame this past November. Healso received the George Polk Career Awardfor journalism in 1991 and the John ChancellorCareer Award for excellence in journalism in2000.—Kimber Williams nsiTTon: Emory photo58 magazine spring 2015

San FranciscoPortlandLos AngelesOrange CountySan DiegoIn all 50 StateS (and 155 CountrI e S ),Emory Is ThErEPhoenixSeattleDenverDallas/Fort WorthKansas CityAustinSt. LouisMadisonChicago CincinnatiBirminghamHoustonNew OrleansPhiladelphiaNew JerseySouth FloridaTriangle, NCGreenvilleNashvilleAtlantaJacksonvilleTampaBostonBaltimoreNew YorkWashington, DCCharlotteConnect with @EmoryAlumniInternational Emory AlumniFacebook GroupsArgentinaBrazilCayman IslandsGermanyHong KongIstanbulKoreaParisSingaporeSouth AfricaSoutheastern EuropeUnited KingdomInternational ChaptersNumber of Emory Alumni by State1–100 101–300 301–1000 1001–3000 3001–11000 11001+Find more Law, LLCBranson Law is an Atlanta firm founded in 1985by A. Hillier “Dusty” Branson 82L. We providecomprehensive estate planning and administration,including wills, trusts, probate and estateand trust administration. We also provide legalservices for protection of hard-earned assets, anarea of law overlooked by many in their planning.3355 LENOX ROAD NE, ATLANTA, GA 30326404.720.0600WWW.BRANSONLAWATLANTA.COMReal Living/Capital CityGerald B. Lowrey, PhDThis doctor makes house calls!Realtor® and Founding Member.Whether buying or selling your home, having aknowledgeable real estate professional you trustby your side should be the first “must have” onyour list.1799 BRIARCLIFF ROAD, SUITE Q2, ATLANTA, GA 30329678.362.9596WWW.GLOWREY.COM, GERRY.LOWREY@GMAIL.COMKai Lin ArtSelected by internationally renowned WallpaperMagazine as one of Atlanta’s Top 50 CulturalDestinations, and named among the city’s bestby Haute Living, JEZEBEL, Georgia Voice, andFenuxe, Kai Lin Art is the only local contemporarygallery located in the vibrant WestsideDistrict of Midtown Atlanta.999 BRADY AVENUE NW, SUITE 7, ATLANTA, GA 30318404.408.4248 OR INFO@KAILINART.COMWWW.KAILINART.COMMountain House RentalComfortable, spacious, two-story home in aprivate mountain community just 12 miles and18 minutes from all of Asheville’s charm. Theelevation is 3,450 feet and affords one of thearea’s most spectacular long-range, year-roundviews. Only three hours from Atlanta.Ask for the Emory alumni discount.CHESTNUTFOREST@MINDSPRING.COM678.595.8785WWW.CHESTNUTFOREST.COM OR

egistercodaOpening MindsDiSAbility, PersonAL and Up CloSEI don’t remember the first time I sawmy brother, Jason. What I said, however, isnow a family punch line: “Nice baby, Mom.”Jason was born with cerebral palsy, musculardystrophy, and hydrocephalus. My mother,Gail, is now disabled through degenerative discdisease, TMJ, chronic migraines, fibromyalgia,and, more recently, CRPS (Complex RegionalPain Syndrome). As a disability sibling and son,I have long witnessed the stigmas and oppressionsof disability. When someone uses the Rword or takes a “handicapped” parking spotbecause their errand will just “take a second,” Icannot help but wince. Yet my interest as anally is not in policing language usage or placingpassive-aggressive notes on offending cars(though I admit it provides some catharsis).Instead, I focus my academic life on thequestions such experiences raise. What do ourviews about disability say about us? Are they,in fact, true to the experiences they purportto be about? How do our assumptions andprejudices about some bodies and minds leadto oppression? And how can we change? Howcan we make the world a more inclusive placefor people of all sorts?My brother spent his days in a bed or wheelchair.He required twenty-four-hour care, andmy mother was the primary person who carriedout that dependency work over his twenty-threeyears on earth. Jason was visibly disabled, andGail is invisibly so. For each, “being disabled”could hardly be more different. My mother facesa host of distinct stigmas due to being a woman,due to the invisibility of her disability, and dueto its concomitant pain. Doctors, both male andfemale, often discount what she says or simplyrefuse to take her as a patient. Her doctors don’tsee her on the days she cannot get out of bed,because on those days she must cancel. Whenshe can finally make the appointment, she walksin, and much is assumed. To get the type of careshe needs, my mother often finds herself in theopposite situation of my brother: she has toemphasize her “disabilities” to get care, whereaswith Jason we often had to deemphasize his“disabilities” so people would see his life as oneworth living and thus one worth care.In disability activism and disability studies,a distinction is often made between disabilityand impairment. Impairment names a person’sembodied condition, whereas disability namesthe social problems and stigmas that resultfrom a given impairment.Disability is the largest minority identityin the US. Given the broadening of the ADAin 2009, the legal category of disability coverseverything from ADHD, a newer diagnosticcategory, to paraplegia, one of the older. Even onconservative estimates, one in every five peopleis disabled. If “disability” is understood simplyas a way of being in the world that does not fitwith one’s own ability expectations or that ofone’s society, disability is everywhere once youknow how to look for it. This is not to say thatwe are all disabled. As the distinction betweendisability and impairment already suggests, weexperience stigmas very differently based uponour particular minds and bodies.My dissertation examines how concepts ofability and disability affect ethical theorizing.Not to give away the punchline, but the historyof ethics fails miserably when it comes to theexperience of disability. My hope is that wemight fashion better ethical theories, theoriesthat take the remarkable range of bodily variabilitiesinto account and afford value to each.When people meet me, they often ask why orhow I began studying philosophy of disabilityand disability studies. They ask that far lessoften when it comes to my interest in ethics,phenomenology, or the history of philosophy.However well intentioned, such questioningoften betrays that people are curious to knowwhy I study this when I appear nondisabledand disability appears to be a “special” topic.This points to a disturbing social tendency:people see disability as a problem, and see thestudy of it as relevant only to those living withdisabilities. As a disability sibling and son, andas a philosopher, I would simply note: everysingle one of our lives is made livable throughan astounding number of supports. The oxygenwe breathe, the roads by which we travel, theeducation we receive, and the spaces we buildor destroy—all these things form the veryfabric of what we unthinkingly consider our“individual abilities.”The truth is, we cannot do things withoutothers. And not just “other humans,” but othersof all sorts. Innumerable supports afford us lifeand the values prized in it. When the world isset up in such a way that some can do less thanothers just because they use a wheelchair toget around or learn or speak in a non-“normal”way or whatever the case may be, one shouldnot pity or look down or even find encouragementby reducing them to an inspirationalexample. One should seek to change the world,from its concrete reality to shared ideals, suchthat we all support each other better. nJoel Michael Reynolds 16PhD, is a doctoral candidatein the Department of Philosophy, an Arts & SciencesGraduate Fellow, and a graduate partner in the Centerfor the Study of Human Health. He also is the currentLaney Graduate School Disability Studies Fellow.iLLustrATion: Jason Raish60 magazine spring 2015

This is my legacy.Lark Will 81CVice PresidentCall CentereBay Inc.“AmericA is fAlling behind in the number of peoplechoosing careers in science, technology, and mathematics,particularly among women and minorities. i want that to change.i’ve made emory a beneficiary of my estate, and the moneywill create a scholarship endowment for students who have thetalent to get into emory but simply cannot afford it. investing ineducation improves the nation’s economic health.”Have you planned your legacy? 404.727.8875spring 2015 magazine 3

light show: Emory students created ephemeral works of art using glow sticks, laserpointers, and strung lights during “Light Experiments: A Night beneath the Stars,” withJohannesburg-based artist in residence Marcus Neustetter, whose exhibition African Cosmos:Stellar Arts, is on view at Emory’s Michael C. Carlos Museum through June 21.Recycle Me! Finished with this issue of Emory Magazine?Pass along to a friend or colleague!ARE YOU ONTRACK FORRETIREMENT?Proper financial strategiesand guidance can help youget closer and closer to acomfortable retirement.I can help you reachyour financial goals.Mike ButtsProgram Manager404.486.43241237 Clairmont RoadDecatur, GA 30030Find out in as little as 30 minutes.Registered Representative of INVEST Financial Corporation, member FINRA/SIPC. INVEST and its affiliated insurance agencies offer securities, advisory services, and certain insurance products andis not affiliated with Alliance Retirement & Investment Services. Products offered are: • Not insured by the NCUA • not a deposit or other obligation or guaranteed by any credit union • subjectto risks including the possible loss of principal amount invested. INVEST does not provide tax or legal advice. ad.2724

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