call for research proposals - Transparency and Accountability Program

call for research proposals - Transparency and Accountability Program

CALL FOR RESEARCH PROPOSALSGlobal Research CompetitionInter‐regional and Multidisciplinary ResearchThe Global Development Network (GDN) invites researchers from developing and transitioncountries to submit Research Proposals for its 2012 pilot of the Global ResearchCompetition (GRC).THE COMPETITIONThe Global Research Competition (GRC) is a new initiative under the Global DevelopmentNetwork’s (GDN) Global Research Capacity Building Program. In this annual competition,social science researchers from developing and transition countries are invited to team upwith peers from around the world to collaborate on joint research projects 1 . Thecompetition is inter‐regional and multidisciplinary both in terms of analytic scope and teamcomposition. Each team will be paired with mentors who are world‐class researchers in theselected disciplines and fields. For more details on the competition, please email us THEMES FOR THE 2012 ROUNDEducation and GenderFood SecurityPolitical, Economic and Social TransformationsTHE PROCESSResearch teams or individual researchers are invited to submit research proposals on any ofthe given competition research themes. Applications are now being accepted via GDN’sonline platform Please note proposals for the GRC can besubmitted up till 21 May, 2012.The online platform will also provide an opportunity for individuals or incomplete researchteams to find collaborators from other countries, regions and/or disciplines to form teams1 Best performing researchers from the Regional Research Competition will be eligible to apply. Regional ResearchCompetitions are organized by GDN’s Regional Network Partners.1

ChairLUSTIG, Nora, Samuel Z. Stone Professor of Latin American Economics, TulaneUniversity and Non‐Resident Fellow, Center for Global Development and the Inter‐American DialogueMembersASIEDU, Elizabeth, Professor, Department of Economics, and University of KansasBANERJEE, Abhijit, Member, GDN Board of Directors and Ford Foundation Professorof Economics, Massachusetts Institute of TechnologyBOURGUIGNON, François, Member, GDN Board of Directors; Director, Paris Schoolof Economics; and Professor of Economics, L'École des hautes études en sciencessocialesGALAL, Ahmed, Managing Director, Economic Research ForumLUCAS, Robert E.B., Professor of Economics, Boston UniversityNARAYAN, Deepa, Independent ConsultantWINTERS, L. Alan, Chairman, GDN Board of Directors and Professor of Economics,University of SussexCOMPETITION RULES AND GUIDELINESPlease review carefully. Any application that does not follow the below mentioned guidelineswill NOT be considered.I. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIAResearchers can submit proposals either individually, or, as a team. In cases whereteams are submitting proposals, all team members must meet the eligibility criteriaspecified below: The competition is open only to researchers from developing and transitioncountries with the requirement that the researchers need to be permanentresidents of these countries. Researchers from developing and transition countries temporarily residing in adeveloped country can submit a proposal as part of a team as long as they havenot lived there for more than five years counted backward from the time ofsubmission of the proposal. However, the principal investigator of the team mustcurrently be a permanent resident of a developing or transition country andshe/he should be affiliated to an organization headquartered in a developing ortransition country. Furthermore, at least half of the researchers (including theprincipal investigator) of the team must currently reside in a developing ortransition country. The upper age limit for applicants is 40 years as of 21 May, 2012. Staff members of multilateral and bilateral organizations (World Bank, IMF, IDB,UN agencies, DFID, AusAID, IDRC, Foundations etc.), and previous and currentemployees of GDN are not eligible to apply. Previous GDN grantees are eligible to apply, provided they have not receivedmore than two grants from GDN in the past. However, previous GDN GlobalResearch Project grantees are not eligible to apply.3

PLEASE NOTE: In order to be eligible for the GRC grant, research teams must bemultidisciplinary (i.e., include at least two members coming from differentdisciplines), and cross‐country. Teams that also cover more than one region willbe given priority in the selection process.II.III.TO APPLYIn order to apply, please visit GDN’s online platform note submissions for GRC will be accepted up till 21 May, 2012.THINGS TO REMEMBER Applicants can apply only under the selected themes for this year. Applicationsthat cannot be categorized under one of the three themes will not beconsidered. Applications must be submitted in English. Incomplete applications will NOT be considered. Please note that all forms of academic dishonesty are unacceptable to GDN,plagiarism being one of them. Plagiarism is defined as unauthorized use of otherpeople’s work, ideas and/or writings (in part or in full) and presenting or givingnotion of these work(s), ideas and/or writings being one’s own work, idea(s)and/or writing(s). GDN takes plagiarism very seriously and will take immediateand appropriate action including and not limited to withdrawal of funding for anysuch grantees found guilty of plagiarism. All personal information provided in the application should be correct; otherwisethe application will be liable for disqualification.RESEARCH THEMES FOR THE 2012 ROUNDTheme 1: Education and GenderThe notion of gender identity is socially constructed and draws on values defined by culture,religion, ethnicity, social class, sexuality, age and economic status. These factors, individuallyor together, affect the ability of an individual to access capability enhancing basic serviceslike education and thereby shape the role of women in society. While gender stereotypes insociety influence women’s participation in education and thereby economic and culturalactivities, the gender identities themselves are dynamic and ever‐shifting with the level ofliteracy and higher education within a society and depend on the extent of mainstreaminggender equality within the educational system.Economic and social evidence points towards positive linkages and higher rate of returnsfrom higher investment in education that reinforces gender equality in access andoutcomes. Despite this, societies in developing and transition countries systematicallyunder‐invest in female education or gender‐aware education policies. Social and economicresearch has often identified under‐valuation of female labor and ideological polarization ongender equality as likely drivers for this systemic phenomenon. In many parts of the world,female labor is identified predominantly with the reproductive and caregiver role of womenwithin the household sphere and underlies the belief that educating women brings lower4

Theme 2: Food SecurityEradication of food insecurity and malnutrition, mostly in developing countries in Africa,parts of Asia and Latin America, has presented policy makers with problems seeminglyinsurmountable. While globally, there has been a considerable improvement in access tofood, recent developments in terms of price volatility and resulting export restrictions havemeant large number of poor across the world being pushed further into the clutches ofhunger and poverty. Supply side factors play an important role in ensuring food securityparticularly, effective service delivery mechanisms are critical in ensuring better access towholesome and nutritious food to the most needy. In many developing countries, althoughproduction of food grains has increased in absolute numbers, due to inadequate storageand distribution networks or channels, per capita availability of food grains has actuallydeclined significantly. Several structural policies coupled with systemic inefficiencies indeveloping countries have contributed to the persistence of food insecurity.Compounding the problem of managing food security is the fact that although the problemmanifests itself at a local level, its causes are often global including trade restrictions, pricevolatility, alternative demands on stock of food grains, natural calamities and governmentpolicies on procurement and demand management. Price volatility in recent times,especially during the period 2006 – 2008, saw many large countries like China, India andBrazil and net food sellers like Thailand and Vietnam use trade restrictions and safety nets toinsulate themselves from the crisis which in turn lead to further increase in prices andvolatility, adversely affecting small import dependent countries in Africa and other parts ofthe world. The rising demand for bio‐fuels and livestock farming in developing anddeveloped countries has added to the crisis of declining food stocks and rising prices indeveloping and less developed countries. Distortionary agricultural policies often pursued indeveloping countries create adverse price incentives for certain food crops whichcompromise local food security. Small developing countries in most cases find it infeasibleto maintain large buffer stocks of food grains as cushion against external price shocks ordomestic shortfall in production due to natural calamities like drought or flood andtherefore depend heavily on imports and food aids. Agricultural practices in mostdeveloping countries, being largely rooted in traditional practices and seed varieties, havelead to yields which cannot keep pace with food demands of an increasing population.Accordingly policies for facilitating investment, technology assimilation and harnessingproductivity gains are essential for both agricultural sustainability and food security.Although further research is needed on the most adequate measures and estimates formalnutrition, hunger and the incidence and magnitude of food insecurity more generally,the available statistics paint a very daunting picture. As per the FAO News Release(September, 2010), 925 million people worldwide do not have enough to eat, out of which98 percent reside in developing countries 2 . Malnutrition contributes to five million deaths ofchildren under five, each year in developing countries 3 and women account for 60 percentof the world’s hungry 4 . The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) Monitor on Eradicate2 FAO news release, September 14, 2010 cited by WFP Hunger Statistics, Under five deaths by cause, UNICEF, 2006, cited by WFP Hunger Statistics, Strengthening efforts to eradicate poverty and hunger, including through the global partnership fordevelopment, ECOSOC 2007.6

The role of social movements in political and socio‐economic change, including theuse of ICTs.The competition seeks original empirical and comparative analysis of the experience ofreform and institutional change and their characteristics and consequences in developingand transition economies.‐‐‐9

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