Investing in the Economic Benefits of Local Foods - Sarasota County ...

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Investing in the Economic Benefits of Local Foods - Sarasota County ...

INVESTING IN THE ECONOMICBENEFITS OF LOCAL FOODS2011 Sustainable Communities WorkshopSarasota, FLRobert KlusonAg/NR Extension AgentUF/IFAS Sarasota County Extension


OUTLINE Review of Food System Concepts Foodshed Economy Background Examples and tools for local foodshedeconomic development


WHAT IS A FOODSHED ?• The Who, What, Where, When, Why & Howof Food Getting From Farm to Our PlateEarthFriends. 1995. TheWhole Story of Food


FLORIDA FOOD VARIETY & ABUNDANCE


The Current Local Foodshed“AgriculturalSupplies”Food production(largely technological andremoved from society)Global Food Distribution(nonrenewable energy)System Is Not A ClosedLoop or Locally Based!“wasteproducts”Food Preparation andConsumption(fast and cheap)


Goal: Sustainable Local FoodshedHealthy Food ProductionIntegrated into CommunityLocal FoodDistribution ChannelsThe Solutions: Close the Loop& Implement Sustainable AgCompostand otherproductsFood Preparation andConsumption(Nutritious and Healthy)


“WHAT IS A LOCAL FOODSHED?” Foods from a determined food miles from yourhome (e.g., 100 1 , 250 2 or 400 3 miles) or1100 Mile Diet, http://100milediet.org/;2Food Routes, http://www.foodroutes.org/32008 Farm Bill http://www.ers.usda.gov/Publications/ERR97/ERR97.pdf Within a day's leisurely drive of our homes orJoan Dye Gussow. 2006. This Organic Life. Determined by the consumer withinformation about geographic origin of food.Florida Association of Community Farmers’ Markets (FACFM)


SARASOTA LOCAL FOODSHED EXAMPLESJessica’s Organic FarmFarmers MarketsOn-Farm Sales& Community Supported FarmsBackyard GardensCommunity & School Gardens:


CommunityFoodshedConcept


COMMUNITY FOODSHED CONCEPT Includes expanded food-related issues food security agriculture profitability diet-related diseases hunger farmland loss lack of economic opportunity for rural andlow-income communities sustainability poor access to healthy foods


ECONOMIC IMPACT CONCEPTS Economic activity or contributions Economic impact: net change in regionaleconomic activity (“new money”) Local vs nonlocal spending Economic benefits Value added Employment Taxes Non-market values112


FL FOOD ECONOMY IMPACTS Example FL Dept. of Agriculture StatisticsAggregate Economic Output of the following activities:– Crop– Livestock– Forestry and fisheries production– Mining– Agricultural inputs and services– Food and kindred productsmanufacturing– Forest products manufacturing– Food and kindred productsdistribution– Nature-based recreation.1http://www.florida-agriculture.com/economic_impact.htm13


FL FOOD ECONOMY IMPACTS Example FL Dept. of Agriculture Statistics114


ECONOMIC MULTIPLIERS1Multipliers capturethe effect onoverall economicactivity in a specificregion as the resultof changes insales, spending oremployment in agiven industry, orfor a project orevent.Types of Multipliers‣ Direct Effects‣ Indirect Effects‣ Induced EffectsWatson et al., 200715


Local Economy Multiplier BenefitsExample AnalysisTable 11B: Economic Impact of Iowa Farmers' Markets ($ Income)Industry Direct Indirect Induced TotalAgriculture 4,818,841.0 440,896.0 9,687.0 5,269,424.0Mining 0.0 380.0 45.0 424.0Utilities 0.0 45,008.0 37,071.0 82,079.0Construction 0.0 37,899.0 20,147.0 58,046.0Manufacturing 0.0 153,209.0 115,550.0 268,759.0Transportation & warehousing 0.0 313,316.0 227,787.0 541,102.0Retail trade 3,541,135.0 34,953.0 448,798.0 4,024,887.0Information services 0.0 48,347.0 49,266.0 97,613.0Finance, insurance & real estate 0.0 179,169.0 246,167.0 425,337.0Professional and technical services 0.0 217,708.0 854,906.0 1,072,614.0Other services 0.0 42,476.0 281,736.0 324,212.0Government 0.0 27,722.0 25,048.0 52,770.0Total 8,359,975.0 1,541,084.0 2,316,207.0 12,217,266.0Source: IMPLAN model for IowaOtto & Varner, 2005


“ECONOMICMULTIPLIERS”1AgricultureExamplesFlorida AgricultureMultiplier Effects onLocal EconomyExceed StandardEconomicDevelopmentIndustriesClouser et al., 200917


“ECONOMICMULTIPLIERS”1Non-AgricultureExamplesFlorida AgricultureMultiplier Effects onLocal EconomyExceed StandardEconomicDevelopmentIndustries18


SARASOTA FOOD ECONOMY IMPACTS Example FL Dept. of Agriculture Statistics1Output (Revenue) Impacts of Agriculture, Natural Resources, Food & Kindred ProductManufacturing, Distribution and Service Industry Groups in Sarasota County in 2008Compiled by Alan W. Hodges, University of Florida, May 20, 2008Source: Implan Professional, data for Florida Counties (MIG, Inc., Stillwater, MN)Values expressed in millions dollars using GDP implicit price deflator (U.S. Commerce Dept.)Industry Group Output Revenue ($)Crops, Livestock, Forestry &Fisheries Production 049.5Livestock Production and Animal Products 17.5Agricultural Inputs & Services 239.9Mining 48.4Food & Kindred Products Distribution 1,356.2Nature-based Recreation 11.5Total 1,870.319


SARASOTA FOOD ECONOMY IMPACTS Example FL Dept. of Agriculture StatisticsEconomic Contributions of Production Agriculture in Sarasota County in 2008Compiled by Alan W. Hodges, University of Florida, May 19, 2008Source: Implan Professional, data for Florida Counties (MIG, Inc., Stillwater, MN)Values expressed in millions dollars using GDP implicit price deflator, mid year (US Commerce Dept.)1Ag ProductionOutput Output Employment (full Value AddedRevenues Impacts & part-time jobs) ImpactsVegetable and melon farming 7.1 7.9 33 5.2Fruit farming 6.0 6.9 90 4.4Greenhouse/nursery 6.0 7.7 51 6.1Poultry/egg 4.4 4.9 9 1.1Cattle 3.4 4.2 35 1.0All other animals 0.7 0.7 18 0.4Commercial fishing 1.2 1.4 37 0.3Support activities 6.1 11.1 164 8.120


STRATEGY EXAMPLE OF LOCALFOODSHED DEVELOPMENT IN SARASOTAPartnership Between Sarasota County School Board andSarasota County Extension2010-2011 School Year‣ 50 % of Produce Purchased from Local Sources‣ Value of Local Food Purchases:Produce - $107,000Dairy - $500, 000


FOODSHEDMAPSARASOTAFARM TOSCHOOLPROGRAM


WHAT ARE ASSETS FOR INVESTING INSARASPTA FOODSHED ECONOMY?• Inventory of Our Local Food Producers,Purveyors & Suppliers Is a Beginninghttp://eatlocalguide.com/sarasota/http://sarasota.ifas.ufl.edu/AG/localfood.shtmlhttp://ags.scgov.net/GreenMapFlex/bin-release/index.html


WHERE ISOUR LOCALFOODSHEDACTIVEFARMLAND?2010Inventory ofAg ClassifiedLands(108,787 acor 30% landmass)


WHERE AREOUR LOCALFOODSHEDPOTENTIALLANDS?2010Inventory ofVacantLands(Open UseZoning)


WHERE AREOUR LOCALFOODSHEDPOTENTIALLANDS?2010Inventory ofVacantLands(ResidentialZoning)


WHERE AREOUR LOCALFOODSHEDPOTENTIALLANDS?2010Inventory ofVacantLands(CommercialZoning)


WHERE AREOUR LOCALFOODSHEDRESOURCES?2009Inventory ofLicensedCommercialKitchens


BENEFITS OF INVESTING INLOCAL/REGIONAL FOODSHEDECONOMYimprove economic viability of farming communitycreate jobs and local economic growthbuild public support for agriculturebring culturally appropriate foods to customershelp kids and adults understand where their foodcomes from and how it’s raisedimprove public health and nutritionpromote greater security and less vulnerability todisruption in food supplies


REFERENCES 1 30• Clouser, R., M. Rhamani, A. Hodges & J. Fletcher. 2009. UsingImplicit Economic Multipliers to Guide Local EconomicDevelopment: An Agricultural Example in Brevard County,Florida. UF/IFAS EDIS Document FE839• Otto, D. and T. Varner. 2005. Consumers, Vendors, and theEconomic Importance of Iowa Farmers’ Markets: An Economic ImpactSurvey Analysis. Regional Food Systems Working Group and LeopoldCenter for Sustainable Agriculture.•Rahmani, M., A. Holdges, and R. Clouser. 2010. EconomicContributions of Agriculture, Natural Resources, and Related Industriesin Florida Counties, 2008. UF/Dept. Food Resource Economics• Watson, P., J. Wilson, D. Thilmany, and S. Winter. 2007.Determining Economic Contributions and Impacts: What is thedifference and Why Do We Care. Journal of Regional Analysisand Policy 37(2): 140-147.___________________________________________________________________________

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