Muenster June 18 : 45 minutes; ½ hr Q&A - Eine Welt Netz NRW

eine.welt.netz.nrw.de

Muenster June 18 : 45 minutes; ½ hr Q&A - Eine Welt Netz NRW

4and conditionality, but when their own citizens demand this and hold theirgovernments to account.In developing countries the Millennium Goals had an impact on the prioritygiven to poverty reduction. A survey of 100 civil society actors in a large number ofcountries revealed a strong belief that increased attention to poverty eliminationshas become a higher priority because of the MDGs..In rich countries the Goals have effectively been used by civil society toeducate citizens about global poverty and contributed to an emerging collectiveconsciousness that the persistence of extreme poverty in an affluent world is morallyunacceptable. The Goals became the framework for campaigns to increase aid andits effectiveness, and for reform of global trade rules. These campaigns helped tocement the political will of EU members to set a timetable and deadline to achievethe 0.7 per cent gross national income for development assistance. Public supportfor these Goals has been a crucial element for the unprecedented aid commitmentsin the EU, even if implementation has been disappointing.Indeed, THE key achievement of the MDGs is the extent to which they havemobilized public and political support for development. Today – with only 3 ½ yearsleft to 2015 debates have started across the globe: what about post 2015?Well: one thing is clear to me above all: any post-2015 agreement needs tomaintain popular momentum. And, as the goals’ objectives were limited to reducing“by half” or “two thirds”: even if achieved, there is a large unfinished post-2015agenda.That doesn’t mean that in the run-up to 2015 we shouldn’t evaluate how toimprove the instruments to achieve the Goals. Let me mention three shortcomings ofthe MDG framework (or rather in the way it has been implemented), that need to beaddressed:- it ignores inequality issues;- it de-emphasizes income-poverty;- it led to fragmentation and incoherence, and left gaps.First, inequality issues: Progress towards the Goals is measured in global andnational averages, ignoring inequality issues. This is lethal – as in fact the Goals willnot be achieved, in part because of disparities within countries. Or where they areachieved, progress may have totally left out the very poor and most vulnerable.

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