TRIALS BY FIRE - Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs

live.belfercenter.org

TRIALS BY FIRE - Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs

Below are several examples of terrorism-related Presidential Directives issuedin the past 20 years:• Ronald Reagan’s NSDD-180, which involved anti-terrorism issues incivil aviation;• Bill Clinton’s PDD-62, which established the Office of theNational Coordinator for Security, Infrastructure Protection andCounterterrorism;• George W. Bush’s still-classified NSPD-9, which is the cornerstone forthe US government’s strategy to eliminate al Qaeda;• Barack Obama’s PPD-1, which organizes his National SecurityCouncil System.The Intelligence Community’s Most Important Executive Order: EO 12333Executive Order 12333, also known as “United States Intelligence Activities,”designates the role and purpose of the sixteen agencies (or components ofagencies) constituting the US Intelligence Community. Issued by PresidentReagan, this Order defined the purpose of the US intelligence effort as onethat would, “Provide the President…with the necessary information on whichto base decisions concerning the conduct and development of foreign, defenseand economic policy, and the protection of United States national interestsfrom foreign security threats.”• The Executive Order was intended to “enhance human and technicalcollection techniques” as well as bolster the IC’s ability to detect andcounter “international terrorist activities and espionage.”• Further, EO 12333 states that both the head of the requesting agencyand the Attorney General must personally approve any “electronicsurveillance, unconsented physical search, mail surveillance, physicalsurveillance, or monitoring devices” of US citizens.The directive also bans assassination by US government officials. However,the term ‘assassination’ is not defined in the Order and is subject to interpretation.As the US combats terrorism worldwide, it remains controversialwhether the targeted killings of al Qaeda members in foreign countries violatethe letter or the spirit of this Order. 2720 Trials by Fire: Counterterrorism and the Law

More magazines by this user
Similar magazines