TRIALS BY FIRE - Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs

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TRIALS BY FIRE - Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs

Adolf Eichmann inside his glass booth takes notes during his trial in Jerusalem.• Perhaps the most famous historical case of extraordinary renditionoccurred when the Israeli intelligence service tracked, kidnapped andrendered Nazi war criminal Adolf Eichmann from Argentina to Israelin 1960. Despite Eichmann’s notoriety and the fair trial he was given,Israel received much criticism for its actions and was condemned bythe UN Security Council. 93Rendition as a Legal MechanismThe ability of US officials to legally transfer a suspect out of the country inwhich he resides—with permission from the host country’s government butwithout adhering to strict extradition procedures—has been authorized bymultiple White House directives since the mid-1980s. Congress has been regularlybriefed on this rendition procedure. 94• President Bill Clinton, in a series of Presidential Decision Directives(PDD) issued in 1995 and 1996, established terrorism as a top intelligencepriority and mandated that the intelligence community increaseefforts to capture terrorists abroad. Accordingly, the ClintonAdministration significantly increased the use of renditions throughoutthe 1990s. 95Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs | Harvard Kennedy School57

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