TRIALS BY FIRE - Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs

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TRIALS BY FIRE - Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs

Army Field Manual Directives on InterrogationsExamples of Prohibited TechniquesAccording to the Army Field Manual, the following acts are explicitly—thoughnot exclusively—prohibited:• Forcing a detainee to be naked, perform sexual acts, or pose in a sexualmanner.• Placing hoods or sacks over the head of a detainee; using duct tapeover the eyes.• Beatings, electric shock, burns, or other forms of physical pain.• “Waterboarding” (usage of term undefined in FM 2-22.3).• Using military working dogs (usage of term undefined in FM 2-22.3).• Inducing hypothermia or heat injury.• Conducting mock executions.• Depriving the detainee of necessary food, water, or medical care. 150Examples of Permitted TechniquesThe Army Field Manual explicitly authorizes interrogators to employ thefollowing techniques:• Direct Approach (direct questioning)• Incentive Approach (trading something the subject wants forinformation)• Emotional Approach (linking satisfaction of subject’s dominant emotionto the subject’s cooperation)−−Love (identifying an incentive for cooperation that can evokesubject’s love)−−−−−−−−−−Hate (identifying an incentive for cooperation that can satisfysubject’s hate)Fear-Up (creating fear or identifying it within the subject andlinking reduction of fear with cooperation)Fear-Down (mitigating existing fear in exchange for subject’scooperation)Pride and Ego-Up (exploiting low self-esteem through flattery)Pride and Ego-Down (attacking self-image of subject to induce

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