Less Talk,More Action Civic Exchange Clean Air Network Hong Kong Transition Project 1 December 2010
The Survey • 600 randomly selected peopleof aged 18+ and 415randomly selected transportworkers.• Similar questions were askedin 2001 and 2008, enablingtrend analysis. • The first time transportworkers were surveyedalongside the public.
Question 1:How seriously have you consideredleaving Hong Kong due to airpollution?
Finding 1: Now more people want to leave Hong Kong 2008: 1 in 5 2010: 1 in4 30%25%20%15%10%Year 2008 Year 2010 5%0%Year 2008 Year 2010Almost 2 million residents are considering leaving
Supporting Evidence: Gallup Surveys Global satisfaction with air qualityHK public is world’s most dissatisfied - 70%. Potential Net Migration Index The same percentage ( -15 % ) want to leaveHong Kong … and Iraq.
Who’s considering leaving?1. The wealthier & better educated 2. Managers & professionals. POST-GRADUATES: 52% ( 40% in 2008 ) GRADUATES: 37% ( 30% in 2008 ) MANAGERS: 42%PROFESSIONALS: 38%
Question 2:How frequently, if ever, have youcomplained about or discussed airpollution?
Finding 2: People in general are discussing airpollution less frequently than theydid in 2008.
BUT The more wealthy & educated aretalking more and are talking to theirbosses more
Question 3:a. How much do you think thegovernment considers your health insetting and enforcing air qualitystandards, or does it weigh otheraspects more heavily? b. How much do you trust environmental Information from the following sources?
Finding 3a: Most people believe that thegovernment considers their healthand children’s health most whensetting air pollution policy
Finding 3a:Priorities: very similar Which of these do you thinkthe government considersmost important? Which of these do you think thegovernment should considermost important?
Finding 3b: Most people generally trust theinformation on air pollution that thegovernment provides.
Finding 3b:Trusted Sources ? ( Environment Info ) Great deal or some trust Source Little or no trust 70 TV 27 66 Newspaper 29 56 University 17 34 Friends 50 53 Government reports 33 69 Green Groups 21 29 Workplace 33 54 Government Departments 32 55 Environment Centres 21 37 Internet 38
Question 4:How much do you trust thegovernment to set and enforce airpollution standards?
Finding 4: Most people don’t trust thegovernment to set or enforce airpollution standards
All talk, no action • More than 20% distrust government to set orenforce AQOS;• Less than 10% “greatly” trust the government.
Question 5: The government estimates its Phase I airpollution control efforts would cost aboutHK$7 per person per month to add onemonth to your lifespan and reduce yourexpected days of illness by about 4 daysper year.Is this a reasonable or unreasonableamount to spend on lowering air pollution?
Finding 5a: 62% were willing to spend HK$7/ monthBut those who strongly disapprove outnumberstrong supporters.
Finding 5b: Majority of poorest people agree, but 29% of richerpeople consider $7/month “unreasonable”
Question 6:Which sources of air pollution do youworry about having the greatestimpact on your health where you live?
Professional Drivers • Do you have health concernsrelated to your job or vehicle?o 54% were worried about thecumulative effect of fumes androadside pollutiono 55% were worried aboutbreathing problems from airpollutiono 54% were concerned withcondition or maintenance ofvehicle; with 37% “very worried”
Finding 6: Professional Drivers Top 4 concernsWall Effect Roadside Tunnel Freeway 63 % 61 % 61 % 49 % ( Very or somewhat worried )
Professional Drivers ( maintenance ) 54% concerned with condition or maintenance;25 % 21 % 17 % 37 %
Finding 6: General Public ( Professional Drivers ) Top 4 concerns Roadside Wall Effect Tunnel Freeway 65 % 63% 58 % 52 % ( 61 % ) ( 63 % ) ( 61 % ) ( 49 % ) ( Very or somewhat worried )
Finding 6: Highest earners ( 40 - 60k + ) Wall Effect 69 – 71 % ( Very or somewhat worried )
Question 7: Have you had any of the followingrespiratory-related issues? :• Asthma• Shortness of breath • Stinging eyes• Coughing and choking
Finding 7 Professional drivers suffer from airpollution-related symptoms with aboutthe same frequency as the general public.
Implications • Brain drain:September 2010, Bloomberg
Implications • The poor are just as ready to pay for clean-upmeasures as the wealthier.• More education is required among the moreaffluent • Concerns of professional drivers are similar tothose of the general public. But drivers may notbe able to act for economic reasons. • Professional drivers are very concerned andaware of the health hazards posed by airpollution.