Weapons of Mass DestructionInstallation PreparednessThe Edgewood Chemical Biological Center(ECBC) is the U.S. Army's principal research anddevelopment center for chemical and biologicaldefense technology, engineering, and services.ECBC has achieved major technological advancesfor national defense, civilian needs, and industrialcompetitiveness, with a long and distinguishedhistory of providing the Armed Forces with qualitysystems and outstanding customer service. ECBCis located at the Edgewood Area of AberdeenProving Ground, MD.Offered by ECBC’s Homeland Defense BusinessUnit (HLDBU), the weapons of mass destruction(WMD) Installation Preparedness (IP) Programcombines the technical expertise of the Army’s premierCB research facility, ECBC, with the knowledgeof emergency responders, to deliver a commonsense approach to WMD preparedness. The HLDBUcreates and implements integrated programs thataddress WMD installation preparedness, improveresponse to WMD incidents, and provide technicalassistance for preparing for and protecting againstsuch threats.The WMD IP Program is a field-tested and provenprocess for preparing military installation emergencyresponse personnel to respond to asymmetricattacks involving chemical, biological, radiological,nuclear, and explosive (CBRNE) weapons. Throughbaseline assessment, response planning, trainingand exercises, and other technical assistance, theWMD IP Program provides a systematic crawl, walk,run approach toward preparedness. The programcan be delivered in its entirety or in a modularfashion, depending on each installation’s uniquerequirements.The WMD IP Program, or portions thereof, hasbeen successfully conducted for a variety ofclients including: U.S. Navy worldwide, U.S. ArmyEUROPE, U.S. Coast Guard, SOUTHCOM,Occupational Safety and Health Administration,Environmental Protection Agency, National SecurityAgency, Defense Intelligence Agency, FederalHighway Administration, Defense Logistics Agency,and Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms andExplosives.ProcessThe IP process consists of separate and distinctcomponents that encompass assessment, training,planning, exercising, and sustainment. The programis conducted with mobile teams that provide on-sitesupport, thus promoting synergy and interoperabilityamong the military and civilian responders at theinstallation, as well as the mutual aid counterparts inthe local, state, federal, and host nation communities.ComponentsCommand and Staff WorkshopThe Command and Staff Workshop providesinstallation commanders and their staff with anawareness of the implications of a WMD incident onthe installation and its mission. The workshopprovides useful, practical guidance in steps thatcommanders and their staff can implement to preparetheir installations effectively to respond to WMDincidents.Baseline AssessmentThe Baseline Assessment offers the installation anopportunity to determine the basic strengths andweaknesses of their emergency response systemfor dealing with WMD incidents. It also provides abuilt-in mechanism for measuring improvementthroughout the process.Revised mm/dd/year
Training ProgramInstallation emergency responders receive up tosix courses that provide comprehensive instructionon the WMD threat; recognizing signs andsymptoms of CBRNE materials; proper detectionand identification; protection and decontaminationtechniques for handling CBRNE materials; andmedical management of casualties.Response Planning WorkshopThe planning component involves refinement ofexisting installation response plans by ECBC WMDexperts or joint development of response plans,if plans do not currently exist. WMD responseplanning assistance is conducted during a facilitatedworkshop.Chemical/Biological Tabletop ExercisesECBC provides tabletop exercises that will assistinstallation responders, local government officials,and mutual aid partners in gaining an understandingof the complications and unpredictability of anemergency response to a WMD incident andspecifically, their role in the response. The realistictabletop exercises are used to validate and refineresponse plans.Chemical Weapons Field ExerciseThe capstone effort, a chemical weapons fieldexercise, is conducted to test all or some aspectsof the installation’s WMD response plan to themaximum extent possible. This exercise is tailoredto meet the specific objectives of the installation. Itprovides a practical means to assess whether aninstallation’s WMD response plan is executable inan effective and timely manner. It will also provideinsight into required changes to response plans.SustainmentECBC’s goal is to provide the installations with theplanning, training, and exercise tools to becomeboth proficient and self- sufficient in WMD response.This is accomplished through completing train-thetrainercourses and leaving behind all the materialsused in the training process. In addition, we canreturn on a selected timeframe to offer sustainmenttraining.The Best DefenseThe WMD Installation Preparedness Programoffered by the HLDBU combines over 85 years ofthe U.S. Army’s best CB research and developmentassets with the practical, real-world knowledgeand experience of emergency responders.Presented in a groundbreaking format by worldrenownedWMD subject matter experts, the WMDInstallation Preparedness Program is the mostcomprehensive and mature program forstrengthening responses to CBRNE weapons ofmass destruction incidents.For more information, contact the HomelandDefense Business Unit, U.S. Army ECBC at(410) 436-3674 or visit the web site at http://www.ecbc.army.mil/hld.