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here - Wiley

The aims of the two journalsSoil Use andManagement SUM focuses on scientific principles tounderstand and solve soil problemswith crop production andenvironmental issues. provides background scientificevidence for management techniquesto achieve sustainable use of land. papers take a broad view of 'use' and'management‟ as well as concern withtechnique development for monitoringsoilsEuropeanJournal ofSoil Science

Why are we doing this?For the 2 journals:Soil Use andManagement 19% of our MSs are rejectedimmediately (2009) only 17% are published very large regional variationEuropeanJournal ofSoil Science

Why such a large rejectionrate?Soil Use andManagement wrong topic no novelty/innovation, local relevanceonly poor science/poor execution/poorexperimental design poor interpretation and analysis plagiarism/double publishing too applied (EJSS) -> SUMtoo „processy‟ (SUM)->EJSSEuropeanJournal ofSoil Science

Other common problems(may be possible to rectify)Soil Use andManagement too long too short! Preliminaryinformation only or material notsubstantive enough to provide acomplete picture too descriptive- no hypothesis English presentation is not of anacceptable standard does not meet formatting styleor quality of journalsEuropeanJournal ofSoil Science

Title may be a clue 2. EJSS –fictitious example for EJSS“Response of ground nuts to fertilizerand manure addition in North Tawtoniain 2009” by Jarvis and Donaldson Is it novel/innovative?Possibly but.... Is it too applied?Yes New basic/process information?No Of general international interestNo (North Tawtonia) Adequate experimental design?Probably not (one year)Soil Use andManagementEuropeanJournal ofSoil Science

How does the editorialsystem operate?Soil Use andManagement1. Initial review (Eds): No immediate rejectYes Associate Ed. & refs 22. Review No rejectYes revision 33. Revision Reject but re-submit 1Major revision 4Minor revision 44. Review RejectMajor revision 3Minor revision 3Accept 55. EIC Final review and edit by EICQuestions to authorsSend to publishersEuropeanJournal ofSoil Science

What to do before youstartSoil Use andManagementAsk yourself: is the experimental approach anddesign good? have you consulted others:statisticians, statisticians,statisticians....? does the work meet the maincriteria for the journal .......?EuropeanJournal ofSoil Science

For EJSS: is it good science (thisincludes experimental design andtechniques)? is it new or novel? does it improve significantlyour understanding of soilprocesses? is it interesting and relevant toan international audience? is analysis of the dataadequate and appropriate to theinvestigation?Soil Use andManagementEuropeanJournal ofSoil Science

For SUM: is it good science (thisincludes experimental design andtechniques)? is it new or novel? does it contribute to themanagement and use of soils? is analysis of the data adequateand appropriate to theinvestigation?Soil Use andManagementEuropeanJournal ofSoil Science

What to do before youwriteSoil Use andManagementread guidance to authors verycarefully (website)look at example paper:website or recent issue- structure- figures and tables- references- statisticsEuropeanJournal ofSoil Science

Statistics and soilsExcellent series of papers byWebster: guidance on the use andpresentation of statistical methodsand results in soil science:Soil Use andManagement– SUM 5 (2) and EJSS 48 (3): regression– EJSS 52 (2): statistics to support soilresearch and their presentation– EJSS 58 (1): analysis of variance,inference multiple comparisons andsampling effectsEuropeanJournal ofSoil Science

Statistics and soilsSome highlights. 1 sampling design – details given? pseudo-replication? clear presentation of results? Seeexamples by Webster CV – should be restricted tovariables with an absolute zero „Treatment A yielded significantlymore than treatment B (P = 0.05)‟ –essential to also quote meanvalues overall, better to give StandardErrors of the mean rather thanStandard DeviationsSoil Use andManagementEuropeanJournal ofSoil Science

Statistics and soilsSome highlights. 2.Soil Use andManagement regression – give the regressionequation, S.E. and value of R 2 ANOVA – must include replicationand randomization importance of data transformations present numerical results to 3significant figuresEuropeanJournal ofSoil Science

What to do when you writeSoil Use andManagement follow the recommendedstyle, length & format check references: precision& numbers ask colleagues to read yourMS for non-native Englishspeakers – get guidanceEuropeanJournal ofSoil Science

Example of the structure of a SUM paperPhosphorus fertilizer form affects phosphorusloss to waterways: a paired catchment studySoil Use andManagementAbstractTwo catchments were used to test the hypothesis that using reactivephosphate rock (RPR), a low water soluble fertilizer, instead ofsuperphosphate, could decrease phosphorus (P) export in streams…..IntroductionMaterials and methodsSite and measurementsTreatmentsStatistical analysesTo determine a treatment effect with paired catchments, the data weresplit into two periods: calibration and treatment.ResultsDiscussionConclusionsThe analysis of the paired catchment experiment indicated asignificant decrease in P losses when RPR was applied instead ofsuperphosphate…EuropeanJournal ofSoil Science

Example of the structure of a EJSS paperStock, turnover time and accumulation of organicmatter in bulk and density fractions of a PodzolsoilSoil Use andManagementSummaryTemperate forest soils store large amounts of organic matter and areconsidered as net sinks for atmospheric carbon dioxide. Informationabout the sink strength and the turnover time of soil organiccarbon……..IntroductionMaterials and methodsSite descriptionSamplingAnalysesDensity fractionationTurnover time of organic carbonStatisticsResultsDiscussionConclusionsEuropeanJournal ofSoil Science

What to do when thedecision is made 1.Soil Use andManagementReject: outright rejection little chance- accept decision later rejection after full review if the advice from AE andreferees is solid – acceptdecision contact EIC ONLY if you haveevidence that the reviewers arewrong don‟t get angry with the EIC!EuropeanJournal ofSoil Science

What to do when thedecision is made 2.Revise: take each recommendationvery seriously - do not ignore explain your reactions andchanges carefully provide concrete evidence ifyou „dispute‟ decisions“We are right” is not a goodenough responseSoil Use andManagementEuropeanJournal ofSoil Science

Final comments 1.Soil Use andManagement pressure to publish is great 300 - 350+ MS per year do not take short cuts our AEs & referees will find youout! take advice read decision letters andreview reports very carefullyEuropeanJournal ofSoil Science

Final comments 2.Soil Use andManagementIf all this advice is followed: improved chances of MSsbeing accepted continued flow of high qualitypapers improved internationalrepresentation of good work more satisfaction for you an easier life for us!!!EuropeanJournal ofSoil Science

Thank you for reading this.Soil Use andManagementDo not hesitate to contact us ifyou wish any initial guidance onthe potential suitability of apaper:.. and we look forward toreceiving your papers.EuropeanJournal ofSoil Science

A Selection ofQuestions and AnswersSoil Use andManagementFollowing the presentation at the World Congress ofSoil Science in Brisbane, Australia, August 2010Q 1. Is there prejudice (against the origin of the paper)in the acceptance of papers?A. The only prejudice is for high quality science (not atall against the country of origin.)Q 2. How can authors from developing countries accesspreviously published work in the two journals?A. Wiley-Blackwell participates in programmes whichprovide free or low-cost online access to importantresearch in developing countries. The journals areavailable in 3003 libraries in developing countriesthrough the AGORA, OARE and INASP initiatives as wellas in Haiti..EuropeanJournal ofSoil Science

Questions and Answers continued.........Soil Use andManagementQ3. Are letters to the editor when submitting themanuscript important?A. They are sometimes useful but do not alwaysprovide additional helpful information.Q4. Why are so few pedology papers published in EJSSnow?A. There are fewer pedologists around now so we seefewer submitted: the journal is still very keen tosee high quality pedology papers.Q5. Is it best to cite the original paper or to cite morerecent examples of that work?A. It is preferable to cite the original work, if there hasbeen a recent comprehensive review of the topic, itwould be useful to cite that as well.EuropeanJournal ofSoil Science

Published on behalf of theBritish Society ofSoil Science

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