ERTMS/ GSM-R Annual Report 2006

ERTMS/ GSM-R Annual Report 2006

ERTMS/ GSM-RAnnual Report 2006I/01/U/189-GSM-RI/04/U/314-INTEGRERNSTProject Director:Project Manager:Project Team:Gerard Dalton UICMr Klaus Konrad (DB Netz)Mr Kurt Andersen (Atkins)Mr Hans Bier (DB Netz)Mr Leslie Giles (Rail Radio Solutions)Mr Robert Sarfati (Systra)Mr Peter Keer (Thales) Project-SecretaryMr Dan Mandoc UIC

DELIVERABLE # 8.2UIC code: I/00/U/145Assessment of existing costs of the UIC DOCUMENT CODIFICATION REV. PAGEtelecommunication network ERNST/WP8.2/ES.001 A 2 of 14Project funded by the UIC



UIC codes: I/01/U/189 & I/04/U/314ERTMS/GSM-RAnnual Report 2006 DOCUMENT CODIFICATION REV. PAGE………………………………. A 5 of 141. List of Contact PeopleKlaus Konrad (DB Netz)Project ManagerPeter Keer (Thales)Project SecretaryRobert Sarfati (Systra)Chairman Operators Group and TC-RTKurt Andersen (Atkins Rail)Chairman Functional GroupLeslie Giles (Rail Radio Solutions)Frequency issues and radio expert UICSimon Wootton (Detica)Project ConsultantPaolo de Cicco (UIC Headquarters)UIC ERTMS PlatformDan Mandoc (UIC Headquarters)Chargé de Mission GSM-RCharlotte Crestin-Gudenus (UIC Headquarters)UIC ERTMS Platform AssistantHans Bier (DB Netz AG)Frequency issues and IntegrErnstPeter Carlsson (Banverket)IntegrErnst2. Up to date summary pageThe ERTMS/GSM-R project is a permanent project set up to ensure progress on GSM-R standardisationand implementation to allow interoperability in the railway environment. The project has a strong link toETSI as the standardisation organisation for GSM and follow-up technologies in the field oftelecommunications. The project has a link with the GSM-R Industry Group, which consists of the currentsuppliers of networks and fixed and mobile terminals. GSM-R is part of the ERTMS platform at UIC.The project also works closely with UNISIG, EEIG and ERA on the creation of the TSI for High Speed andConventional Rail and liaises with JPC Rail over co-ordination of the updating of European Standardshaving an impact on GSM-R.

UIC codes: I/01/U/189 & I/04/U/314ERTMS/GSM-RAnnual Report 2006 DOCUMENT CODIFICATION REV. PAGE………………………………. A 6 of 14Work on INTEGRERNST has continued. This is intended to demonstrate that by linking GSM-R networksand railway-owned fixed networks it will be possible to replace the existing UIC railways’telecommunication network and to improve the quality and usability of the new network compared to theexisting one.The planned GPRS activities have also continued, following the initial study to gather information aboutthe availability of GPRS in GSM-R networks and the need to upgrade existing standards to be usable inthe railway environment. The current definition of ETCS mandates the use of circuit-switched datatelecommunications, but use of GPRS for ETCS could potentially increase the capacity of GSM-R - aparticular benefit in congested areas. A workshop held in September at UIC has demonstratedconsiderable interest on the part of the railways in supporting further work on the use of GPRS as a firststep in the direction of an IP-based network.The updating of the MORANE documents, which remain the basis for GSM-R implementations, hasprogressed. The documents have been delivered by GSM-R industry for check and approval. The finalversions have been received and an official print-out will be available at UIC. The new set of test-cases forcab-radios, where a contract with Kapsch has been set up, is already available as a first draft. Some workhas still to be done in the coming weeks. All these documents will need to undergo the new changecontrol process of the ERA.3. Scientific and technical overviewWorking GroupsERTMS/GSM-R project activities are mainly centred on two permanent working groups, the FunctionalGroup (FG) and the Operators Group (OG).The principal task of the Functional Group is to maintain the EIRENE FRS and to create the necessaryChange Requests (CR’s) to close gaps in the specification, clarify requirements and insert newrequirements based on results of current implementations.The FG is the first forum for discussion of implementation reports coming from the railways and industry.FG is also the body that provides support to the railways and other organisations concerning functionalrequirements and future applications. The FG also takes into account expertise from railways andtechnical bodies.The task of the Operators Group is to maintain the EIRENE SRS and relevant technical documentation,such as the MORANE documents. The OG also creates CR’s as required, and reviews those - mainlybased on functional requirements – received from the FG. The CR’s describe technical solutions and takealso into account results of technical expertise from the GSM-R Industry group and from other experts.In addition, the OG maintains an Implementation Report Summary document, recording progress withresolving technical issues that have arisen. The OG determines whether Reports need to be forwarded tothe GSM-R Industry Group for further technical assistance.The OG is the interface between the project and the GSM-R Industry Group and also between the projectand ETSI Technical Committee – Railway Telecommunications (TC-RT – see below).

UIC codes: I/01/U/189 & I/04/U/314ERTMS/GSM-RAnnual Report 2006 DOCUMENT CODIFICATION REV. PAGE………………………………. A 7 of 14As the early implementations and first interconnections of GSM-R networks have shown, there are somecases of discrepancies in the interpretation of Standards. The volume of work involved in resolving someof these issues and the generation of appropriate CR’s can exceed the resources of the permanentworking groups. In these cases, it has been necessary to set up ad-hoc working groups.The ad-hoc groups currently in existence are:- Border Crossing- Common set of test cases- eREC (enhanced Railway Emergency Call)- ETCS Data-only Radio- FFFIS for Shunting- FFFIS for SIM-Cards- Frequency issues- GPRS- International Numbering- Interoperability testing (IOT)- Quality of serviceTC-RTThis group forms the interface to ETSI. The group is set up with representatives of the OG and FG andincludes members of the GSM-R Industry . The main task of this group is the investigation of existingGSM standards and the creation of CR’s to these standards. Liaison statements to 3GPP and otherstandardization bodies guarantee that the requirements and restrictions of the railways are taken intoaccount.Change Control GroupsThe ERTMS/GSM-R Project also embraces the work of Change Control Management, in conjunction withERA, UNISIG and other recognised European sector organisations. The principal tasks are submission ofCR’s into this process, evaluation of economic impact and assessing CR’s coming from ETCS with regardto their impact on GSM-R.This process comprises two levels, the Change Control Group (CG ERA) and the Change Control Board(CCB). The CG ERA is made up of members from the different sector organisations including CER andEIM (the Project-Manager represents CER and UIC), with the participation of the GSM-R Industry Group.At CCB level, the project is represented by the Project Manager and the Speaker of the Industry Group.European Radio Implementation Group (ERIG)Overseeing the activities of all the constituent working groups of the ERTMS/GSM-R project is ERIG. Thisforum comprises representatives of all railways actively implementing GSM-R and railways that havesigned the EIRENE MoU and are close to starting the implementation process.ERIG is kept informed of progress with implementation and lessons learned in this process, as well asupcoming standards, applications and technical progress. The forum gives formal acceptance to ChangeRequests created by the FG, OG and IG and supports new versions of specifications. It also approves the

UIC codes: I/01/U/189 & I/04/U/314ERTMS/GSM-RAnnual Report 2006 DOCUMENT CODIFICATION REV. PAGE………………………………. A 8 of 14setting-up of ad-hoc-groups and is responsible for acceptance of the results presented. ERIG also hasresponsibility for advising on future project activities.4. Achievements during the year 2006Project Management:- Managing the different contracts and contract amendments;- Clarification of matters relating to the budget including audit by the controller;- Continued updating of the GSM-R web-site and extending project documentation on UIC extranet;- Lobbying for additional frequencies for GSM-R- Protection of GSM-R frequencies against UMTS- Support to Chinese Ministry of Railways- Interoperability Tests (IOT) phases 3 and 3+- IOT test phase 4- UIC ERTMS conference …- Support to Tunisia- Several conferences in UK and Portugal- Setting up initial contacts with RussiaERIG:4 meetings heldResults:- Provision of updates on implementation progress and first results, together with information aboutongoing planning (continued);- Discussion of implementation problems and assignment of tasks to FG and OG;- Approval of meeting reports from FG and OG;- Discussions with Industry Group representatives on results achieved and future work;- Integration of ERTMS corridors into ERIM database: information gathering (continued);- Additional frequencies for GSM-R: applications to national regulators by member railways; signing ofassociated MoU (continuing);- New versions of EIRENE FRS (V. 7) & SRS (V.15) approved;- Shunting: support from ERIG members for the additional requirements in the ShUG (Shunting UserGroup) FRS;- Update of UIC fiche 751/4 (to take account of ECC Recommendation 05-08) agreed;- Protecting GSM-R against UMTS- Request to CEPT for additional frequenciesDeliverables: meeting minutes

UIC codes: I/01/U/189 & I/04/U/314ERTMS/GSM-RAnnual Report 2006 DOCUMENT CODIFICATION REV. PAGE………………………………. A 9 of 14Operators Group:4 meetings heldResults:- Review of SRS and handling of Change Requests (continuing task);- Support to evaluation of economic impact of CR’s by IG;- Implementation Reports (implementation problems): 9 new reports handled; status of all open reportsmonitored and issues progressed;- Clarification and reports in response to questions from Industry Group and TC-RT;- Monitoring of progress of ad-hoc-groups described in paragraph 3 above;- Follow-up of work assigned to Industry Group;- eLDA (enhanced Location-Dependent Addressing): IRS V. 4.1 approved;- discussion of frequency issues;- EIRENE data-only radio;- Quality of Service for ETCS and for voiceDeliverables: Chairman’s report to ERIGFunctional Group:4 meetings heldResults:- Review of FRS and handling of Change Requests (continuing task);- Implementation Reports; liaison with OG & checking impact on FRS (continuing task);- Change Requests: support to evaluation of economic impact by IG;- Principal issues addressed: Shunting, ETCS Data Radio; Railway Emergency Calls;- Support to ad hoc groups: ETCS Data Radio; GPRS; eREC;- Review of ShUG FRS against EIRENE FRS;- GPRS White Paper finalised- Contribution to new FRS for shunting- Clarification to questions raised by TC-RTDeliverables: Chairman’s report to ERIGTC-RT4 meetings held (at ETSI, Sophia Antipolis)Results:- Check of GSM standards;- Survey of latest versions and reports of ETSI groups about impact on GSM-R;- Preparation of CR’s to GSM standards, which are sent to the relevant groups in ETSI;- Support to ETSI in the specific area of railways telecommunication;

UIC codes: I/01/U/189 & I/04/U/314ERTMS/GSM-RAnnual Report 2006 DOCUMENT CODIFICATION REV. PAGE- Representation of UIC in ETSI;- Updating of ETSI specifications for group calls, Late Entry & OTDI;- Updating of EN 301 515;- TR 102 281 approved for publication- Technical definitions for shunting- Silent dispatcher joining- Enhancements in group-call handlingDeliverables: Reports and documents on ETSI server related to TC-RT………………………………. A 10 of 14GSM-R Industry Group4 meetings attendedThe GSM-R Industry Group (IG) works with two permanent groups, a technical IG (TIG) and a marketinggroup.With the participation of the GSM-R project manager and the chairman of OG we are in a position toexplain to TIG functional and technical requirements and to clarify the railways’ needs.The meetings have been partly fruitful, even if the outcome is not always as quick as expected. Owing tothe rising number of implementations the backlog of work for the IG is increasing. A new way of resolvingthis issue has been developed but the backlog remains. OG has tried to prioritise the necessary work tofacilitate progress, to ensure the critical items are addressed first.INTEGRERNSTThe work on INTEGRERNST is ongoing between Sweden and Germany. Investigations on the Swedishside concerning the legal framework have led to the result that the national authority in Sweden does notsee any impact. A similar request to the German national authority showed the same result.The situation between Banverket & DB-Telematik remains unchanged because the upgrading of theformer’s network was not successful.Positive indications were raised in December 2006, as a result of which final tests are to be carried out bythe end of February 2007. Issue of a final report is expected at this point.In the meantime some tests were carried out with Norway showing that integration of INTEGRERNST isboth possible and successful.With these activities the project will be closed. Further activities in this field will have to be carried out atthe railways’ own expense.GPRS and ASCI for ETCSFollowing a first check of available GPRS documentation related to ETCS in September 2004, a workinggroup was set up consisting of members from FG, OG and the GSM-R Industry group, with Detica tosupport the work. After the first two meetings it was decided to include also representatives from the EEIG

UIC codes: I/01/U/189 & I/04/U/314ERTMS/GSM-RAnnual Report 2006 DOCUMENT CODIFICATION REV. PAGE………………………………. A 11 of 14and from UNISIG, to find out if they support the idea of GPRS. The work now also covers a survey onhalf-rate data, call set-up times and requirements and Quality of Service - all features that were addressedat an early stage in 1999, when GPRS was first seen as a means of achieving improved datatransmission.As we are not able to test GPRS together with ETCS, because there are no products and also becausethe ETCS application is not ready to work with GPRS, we have changed the remit for this work to thecreation of a White Paper to describe the way forward, with support from GSM-R Industry and UNISIG.This White Paper was completed by July 2006 and presented in a workshop conducted by UIC inSeptember 2006 in Paris. In the meantime CER and EIM have raised a CR to ERA for inclusion inETCS SRS version 3.0.0. This CR is now handled in a separate working group at ERA level with theparticipation of UIC. The proposal to carry out measurements on QoS with GPRS is strongly supported byERA and requested by industry.Update of MORANE documentsAfter much delay over selection and prioritisation of documents to be updated, extent of the undertakingand subsequent contractual negotiations, the work is at last due to be finalized.After final approval of the documents in ERIG they will be published and will be available for the railways.5. Comparison of planned activities with work accomplishedINTEGRERNST and the GPRS/ASCI work are delayed, for the reasons described above, and it is nowexpected that the extension of the work will continue up till mid-March 2007, when the necessary updateon the Swedish network and the resulting tests have been carried out.Work on the Telco Inventory and on the White Paper for GPRS are finalized. The next steps have startedand will lead to a measurement campaign in 2007. The work on Telco Inventory will also move into a newphase in 2007.Previously-reported concerns regarding the contribution of the GSM-R Industry Group to the work of theproject remain. Areas of particular dissatisfaction are the handling of Change Requests, where there is stilla significant backlog of CR’s for approval, and the provision of input to the work of certain ad hoc groups,where delayed responses have severely impeded progress. The work of the Border Crossing sub-grouphas been particularly affected, with responses regarding inter-PLMN handover and internationalnumbering awaited over much of the year.The project also continues to suffer from restricted availability of appropriately experienced personnel,because most of the work has to be done on voluntary basis. Those who would be prepared to do thework are heavily involved in their national implementations.

UIC codes: I/01/U/189 & I/04/U/314ERTMS/GSM-RAnnual Report 2006 DOCUMENT CODIFICATION REV. PAGE………………………………. A 12 of 146. Activities planned for the next yearBeside the activities already described in the project plan, the intensification of contacts with railwaysremains a key objective. Experiences of visits to implementing railways have shown that direct contactsresult in significant progress in the work, because the understanding of requirements and processes isenhanced. This has been demonstrated by the experience with China over recent years, and interest hasbeen shown by other railways outside Europe.The increasing number of visits to Europe also demonstrates that the interest is there. I have nowpersonally guided seven visits to Germany, and always using the opportunity to explain the important roleof the UIC in this field.Effort from the UIC side will continue to be vital, both to support GSM-R within and outside Europe andto defend GSM-R against TETRA. One of the main fields of interest will be the Russian area.Concerning China it is intended to offer regular consultations - in China - to provide them with the currentspecifications and explanations. The costs for these trips should be borne by China Railways as acontribution to the project. Another visit to China took place in November 2006 with participation of UICheadquarters staff. The results have been published in the UIC’s electronic newsletter.The work on Operational Rules has shown that even more effort is needed to reduce national rules andto reach the goal of mainly harmonized rules.Closure of several ad-hoc groups is anticipated early in 2007 (see OG Chairman’s report to ERIG #32),with results presented to ERIG.Preparations for the UIC ERTMS conference in Autumn 2007 will be finalised.Contacts with the new ERIG members (China, Greece, Yugoslavian Railways, Baltic railways, Russia)need to be formalised and strengthened.Continued work on GSM-R planning activities for the EU ETCS corridors, to ensure that these arecovered.7. Management and co-ordination aspectsAs mentioned above - and reported in 2004 & 2005 - the problem remains of securing suitably qualifiedstaff from the railways to work on a voluntary basis: some railways are very reluctant to provide the projectwith such manpower. Similarly, the departure of well-trained personnel from the railways into other fieldshas an adverse impact, with consequential additional work to train newcomers.The new role of ERA may also have an impact on future work. The existing permanent working groupsmight be more involved in the work as a forum of technical expertise. Requests from CER and EIM havebeen discussed, but not yet officially answered by the UIC HQ.The recently-created ERTMS platform needs also reconsideration. As EEIG is now seen as the technicalbody for ETCS on behalf of CER and EIM the work with EEIG has to be reinforced.

UIC codes: I/01/U/189 & I/04/U/314ERTMS/GSM-RAnnual Report 2006 DOCUMENT CODIFICATION REV. PAGE………………………………. A 13 of 14The project continues to experience difficulties over timely payment by the UIC of invoices approved andsubmitted by the Project Manager.8. Re-scheduling of the project, output elements and deliverablesThe ERTMS/GSM-R project was expected to close at the end of 2006, but experience indicates that anextension up to at least 2010 is necessary. One of the reasons for this request is the delay inimplementation in several countries. In parallel with increasing implementations we have an increasingnumber of implementation reports asking for advanced information and interpretation. Even if it appearsthat GSM-R is widely available, most implementations will in fact occur in the years 2007 to 2010. Supportand updating of the specifications are therefore still needed.A budgetary proposal, project plan and new structure will be presented soon. The workload is alsodependent on future organisation, availability of resources and the impact of the connection to the ERA.9. List of DeliverablesThe main deliverables for GSM-R for 2006 are as below:DELIVERABLES 2006 DUE SUBMITTED COMMENTS▪ Project Annual Report 2005 09/02/06 09/02/06▪ GSM-R Implementation Handbook -Structure 12/03/06 12/03/06▪ Publication of global FFFIS for datainterfacere-scheduled31/03/06 31/01/07▪ Updating MORANE documents – FinalReportre-scheduled30/09/06 31/03107▪Guidelines for border crossingre-scheduled31/07/06▪ Test specification for mobile equipment re-scheduled30/09/06▪ IntegrERNST - Test and validation re-scheduledReport30/09/06▪ GPRS White Paperre-scheduled15/07/0624/01/07 Ready in Draft form, Input fromindustry still not available ,therefore it will be presented onlyon Extranet31/01/0721/08/06Mistake in the software in theSwedish network. Test could notbe performed according toschedule▪ Guidelines for roll out of an integrated re-scheduled Re-scheduled Linked with IntegrErnst-Test andGSM-R/UIC Telephone network31/10/06 12/03/07 Validation Report▪ Guidelines for maintenance and support re-scheduled Re-scheduled Linked with IntegrErnst-Test andof integrated GSM-R/IRTN31/12/06 12/03/07 Validation Report

UIC codes: I/01/U/189 & I/04/U/314ERTMS/GSM-RAnnual Report 2006 DOCUMENT CODIFICATION REV. PAGE………………………………. A 14 of 14▪ GSM-R Implementation Handbook –Final versionre-scheduled04/10/07▪ IntegrERNST Final Report 04/12/06 Re-scheduled Linked with IntegrErnst-Test and12/03/07 Validation Report▪ System procurement guide update 18/12/06 24/01.07These deliverables are available on the UIC extranet to those actively engaged in the relevant workinggroups. Paper and electronic copies are available from UIC Headquarters on request to the Chargé deMission GSM-R Dan Mandoc ( Requests are available on the ERA web-site (see area ‘Change Requests’). In the future they willbe placed on the GSM-R web-site.10. Exploitation and dissemination of resultsSee section 9 above.ANNEX - MS Project PlanningSee separate document

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