Phone 617.495.3366 Fax 617.496.2802

David Rockefeller Center for

Latin American Studies

Harvard University

61 Kirkland Street

Cambridge, MA 02138

Non-Profit Org

US Postage Paid

Boston, MA

Permit No. 1636

David Rockefeller Center for

Latin American Studies

Harvard University

Annual Report 2003–04

drclas mission

The David Rockefeller Center for Latin American Studies

at Harvard University works to increase knowledge of

the cultures, economies, histories, environment, and

contemporary affairs of Latin America; foster cooperation

and understanding among the peoples of the Americas;

and contribute to democracy, social progress, and

sustainable development throughout the hemisphere.


Expand research and

teaching on Latin America

and related fields at

Harvard University

Strengthen ties between

Harvard University and

institutions throughout

Latin America

4 David Rockefeller Center for Latin American Studies

Enhance public

understanding of Latin

America in the United

States and abroad

Acting Director’s Letter 1

Director’s Report 2

DRCLAS by the Numbers 3

Programs and Initiatives 4–10

Andean Studies

Brazilian Studies

Cuban Studies and Exchange


Inter-Faculty Committee on

Latino Studies (IFCLAS)

Mexican Studies

DRCLAS Regional Office

Art Initiatives

Art Forum

Cultural Agency


Library Scholars


Visiting Scholars and Fellows

Robert F. Kennedy Professorship

Events 11–14


2003-04 Highlights

Resources 15–19



Advisors and Sponsors 20–22

Advisory Committee

Major Gifts


Corporate Partners

Governance 23

Financial Statement 24

DRCLAS Staff 25

Cover: Harvard College student

Laura Troyani ’05, in Santiago on

the DRCLAS Regional Office Study

Abroad in Chile program.

Tapa: Estudiante de Harvard Laura

Troyani ’05, participante del

programa de intercambio de la

oficina regional de DRCLAS.

Capa: Estudante de Harvard Laura

Troyani ’05, participante do

programa de intercâmbio do

escritório regional de DRCLAS.

acting director’s letter

This past year has provided a wonderful

opportunity for me to get to know the

University in ways that, as an art historian

studying the art and culture of Latin

America, I might never have experienced.

As Acting Director of the David Rockefeller

Center, I have come to learn about and

deeply appreciate the work of colleagues in

fields as disparate as the Department of

Social Medicine at the Harvard Medical

School and the Program on Negotiation at

the Harvard Law School, and their important

work on topics like tuberculosis treatment

and conflict resolution in Latin

America. The list could go on to include

biology, anthropology, romance languages,

astronomy and business.

In May, the Center welcomed a new

Executive Director, David Kupferschmidt,

who brings to Harvard nearly a decade of

professional experience in Latin America,

including work with international organizations,

NGOs, government agencies, and the

private sector. An attorney by training,

David knows the region well and assumed

his new position in the Center’s leadership

with great energy and enthusiasm.

The convening power of the David

Rockefeller Center makes it possible to

bring together leading scholars and experts

from various disciplines to focus on the

region’s most compelling challenges, as this

report attests. The Center also has become

a model for the University. Harvard

President Lawrence Summers praised the

Center’s efforts to encourage students and

scholars to engage with the world outside of

Cambridge. By sending over 200 students to

Latin America each year to do research or

work in internships, the Center supports

President Summers’ goal of ensuring that

every Harvard College student has a significant

experience abroad before graduating

from the University.

In my own area of expertise, we have

enjoyed another successful series of lectures

featuring experts on the art and art history

of Latin America, organized in collaboration

with the Harvard University Art Museums.

The future bodes well for the strength of

Latin American art, as we welcome Guy

Brett, a widely recognized independent

curator, and one of the most influential

writers and thinkers on contemporary art,

as the Peggy Rockefeller Visiting Scholar

for the coming year.

It truly has been a pleasure and a privilege

to serve as the Acting Director of the

David Rockefeller Center. I come away

from the experience with a sense of pride in

all the Center has accomplished this year, a

deeper appreciation for the staff who make

it happen and, most especially, the masterful

leadership of John Coatsworth, who returns

to the role of Director for the 2004-2005

academic year.


Thomas B. F. Cummins

Dumbarton Oaks Professor of

Pre-Columbian and Colonial Art History

Thomas B. F. Cummins

Acting Director, DRCLAS

director’s report

As the Center approaches its 10th anniversary celebration in Summer Internship American Grantscontent,

two grants for course-based field trips to the

December 2004, there is much good news to report. Lawrence

region (Puerto Rico and Mexico), and one translation grant. Once

Summers made his first official visit to Latin America as 80 Harvard’s again this year, over 200 grants and fellowships were awarded to

President in late March and early April to address members 70 of the students, including 30 grants to Harvard student organizations for

academic, public policy and business communities, as well as Harvard


alumni and students, in Santiago and São Paulo. Summers was enthusi-

events and conferences, 24 term-time research travel grants to facilitate

the completion of individual dissertation or thesis research


astic about the DRCLAS Regional Office in Santiago, Harvard’s first during intersession, and 58 research grants and 69 internship grants

overseas office serving the entire University. “The David 40Rockefeller

Center is a remarkable and vibrant institution that is making 30 a great

for summer travel to Latin America.

contribution to Harvard University,” Summers said. “It has 20 provided Convening Meetings

wonderful support for Harvard faculty who are involved in myriad


The international profile of Harvard allows DRCLAS to focus the

research and outreach activities. It has also given our students an


attention of academics, policymakers, journalists, business and NGO

opportunity to live and learn outside of the United States.”

95 96 97 98 99leaders, 00 01 02 and 03the 04 general public on current critical issues in Latin

The Center’s ten-year milestone provides an opportunity for

America. The Center also gives priority to supporting basic research

reflection. The success of Brazil’s new Labor Party government, the

by scholars addressing the key intellectual and scientific issues that

promising signs of recovery in Argentina, and the continuing efforts

will shape future understanding of the region’s culture, history,

to foster equitable economic integration bode well for the region. Yet

society and environment.

troubling instability, armed conflict, and human suffering throughout

During 2003-2004, the Center convened 13 major international

the region are sobering reminders of the difficult road ahead. The

conferences, as well as dozens of workshops and meetings between

Center’s mission now, as when it began, is to energize and assist

Latin American scholars and practitioners and Harvard faculty. These

Harvard faculty and students to learn more about the region and the

events, held both in Cambridge and Santiago, included Social

challenges it faces. Many of tomorrow’s research-based solutions and

Enterprise Knowledge Network: Partnering for Progress in the Americas;

the leaders who will implement them will emerge from the Center’s

Moving Beyond Armed Actors: The Challenges for Civil Society in

efforts of today.

Colombia; and, Scaling Up Responses to the AIDS Pandemic: Building

To prepare for its second decade, the Center launched a planning

Coalitions of Direct Action. These conferences are profiled in the text

process that will culminate in the coming year with the publication of

of this report.

a strategic plan for the next five years. The new plan will almost certainly

incorporate the University’s heightened attention to global

education. The success of the Center’s Regional Office in Santiago DRCLAS Programs and Initiatives

and President Summers’ interest in strengthening Harvard’s presence Two distinguished Robert F. Kennedy Visiting Professors of Latin

in Latin America with similar offices in Mexico and Brazil will figure American Studies were in residence. Domingo Cavallo, former

prominently in the Center’s future.

Minister of Economy of Argentina (1989-1996, 2001), taught the

Economics course The Latin American Economy and co-taught a

Research, Education, and Training

In promoting teaching and research of the highest quality on Latin

America at Harvard, the Center has identified support for faculty

and student research, faculty-led field trips to Latin American

research sites, and the introduction of courses with Latin American

content as key priorities. The DRCLAS internship program, which

matches student volunteers with non-governmental, cultural, public

and private sector entities in Latin America, remains the largest

program of its kind at the University.

Harvard faculty received 12 conference grants, 9 research grants,

two curriculum-development grants for new courses with Latin

popular new inter-disciplinary course, Latin America and the Washington

Consensus, with Harvard Law School Professor Roberto Mangabeira

Unger. Simon Schwartzman, a leading Brazilian sociologist and

President of the Institute for Studies on Labor and Society (IETS) in

Rio de Janeiro, taught two courses on social issues in Brazil at the

Harvard Sociology Department: Poverty, Exclusion and Modernization

and Social Policies in Latin America: Issues, Stakeholders, Outcomes.

Since 2002, the Regional Office in Santiago has organized several

international conferences and public events in the region, hosting

Harvard faculty members and staff working on existing projects or

exploring new ones. More than 50 Harvard students participated in

academic programs, internship or research opportunities organized

2 David Rockefeller Center for Latin American Studies






95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04

Faculty Research Grants

95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04

Total Students Certificates Students Receiving in Receiving Latin Certificate Certificate








American Studies Research Grants: Students

Research Grants: Faculty

in Latin in American Latin American Studeis Studeis Summer Summer Research Research and Travel and Grants Travel Grants

Faculty Research Grants






95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04





























95 96 97 95 98 96 99 97 00 98 01 99 02 00 03 01 04 02 03 04


95 96 97 95 98 96 99 97 00 98 01 99 02 00 03 01 04 02 03 04


95 96 97 95 98 96 99 97 00 98 01 99 02 00 03 01 04 02 03 04








95 96 97 95 98 96 99 97 00 98 01 99 02 00 03 01 04 02 03 04

Total Conferences Total Conferences and Events and Events

by Faculty the Research Regional Faculty Research Grants Office, Grants which serves Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Peru

and Uruguay. Harvard faculty members currently participate in over


200 200

25 collaborative initiatives in the five countries on topics ranging

from innovative designs in low-cost housing to anthropological inves-

15 tigations on the Incas.

150 150

The DRCLAS book series now totals 12 titles. Integrating the

Americas: FTAA and Beyond, edited by Antoni Estevadeordal, Dani


100 100

Rodrik, Alan M. Taylor and Andrés Velasco, was produced jointly by

DRCLAS and the Inter-American Development Bank. Harvard

President 5 Lawrence Summers has praised the 50 book, 50and

cited the

DRCLAS-IDB partnership as a model for future endeavors. Social

Partnering in Latin America: Lessons Drawn from Collaborations of


Businesses and Civil Society Organizations, edited by James Austin and

members of the Social Enterprise Knowledge Network (SEKN)

Research Team, focuses on corporate philanthropy and social responsibility

in Latin America. The Center’s flagship publication, ReVista:

Harvard Review of Latin America, produced issues focused on children,

Summer human Summer Internship rights Internship and Grants Chile. Grants

The Corporate Partners Program featured timely seminars on

80 Doing Business with Cuba and Free Trade in the Americas, which provided

70 participants with ample opportunities to exchange ideas with leading

scholars and key policymakers. Three Corporate Partners joined the


Program this year: Mexican companies Grupo Altex through Roberto


Servitje MBA ’76, and Vitro Corporación through Alvaro Rodríguez

40 Arregui MBA ’95; and, Fidelity Management and Research Company,

30 through Matthew Torrey MBA ’98.

20 Faculty-led Programs on the Andean Region, Brazil, Cuba, Latino

Studies and Mexico proved vital catalysts for the generation of origi-


nal research, discussion of ideas and exploration of innovative public

policies throughout the hemisphere. These and other Center initiatives,

such as the Art Forum, Outreach and Visiting Scholars Program,

continue to advance and buttress an informed understanding of Latin

America both at Harvard and in the region.


95 96 97 95 98 96 99 97 00 98 01 99 02 00 03 01 04 02 03 04

Looking Ahead: The Next Ten Years

In December 2004, the Center will celebrate its 10th anniversary.

The 10th anniversary Steering Committee, chaired by Advisory

Committee member Lorenzo Weisman, has contributed to the development

of the Center’s strategic plan and is working to ensure an

even brighter future through prudent financial planning and development

efforts. The Center’s first decade was so full of good news that

it may be hard to top, but the vastly interesting, contradictory,

engaging and dynamic region we learn more about every day never

ceases to inspire us.















95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04

95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04

by Summer the Internship numbers Grants 2003–04

DRCLAS Activities

60 Events Sponsored by the Center

50 Lectures and Seminars 157


Research Conferences and Workshops

Art Exhibitions



30 Film Series 7

20 Outreach Programs for Local Schools 16


Total Attendance at DRCLAS events ~9,529


Center Publications


95 96 97


98 99


00 01


02 03



Issues of ReVista



Working Papers 2

Service Publications and Brochures 7

Average Web Page Hits per Month 8,200

Number of Countries Accessing Site 65

Engaging Harvard Students

Student Involvement

Certificates in Latin American Studies* 20

Graduate Students Specializing in

Latin America ~250

Doctoral Dissertations** 14

Students in Study Abroad Programs in

Chile and in Brazil 25

Grants, Internships and Support

Undergraduate Research Travel Grants 25

Graduate Research Travel Grants 57

Graduate Conference Travel Grants 40

DRCLAS Summer Internship Grants 59

Students in Field Trips/Courses in Region 84

Graduate Research Fellowships 17

Summer Foreign Language and

Area Studies (FLAS) Grants 4

Total DRCLAS-Aided Students 286

* Harvard College Class of 2004

** Doctoral Dissertations presented during 2003-2004

academic year, on or about issues related to Latin

America, the Iberian Peninsula, or Latino populations

in the United States



100 3



Total Confer

95 96 97 98

4 David Rockefeller Center for Latin American Studies

programs and


Panoramic view of the Andes

Mountain Range from Mendoza,


The five faculty-led Committees on Andean, Brazilian, Cuban,

Latino and Mexican Studies allow the Center to highlight current

research and scholarship on countries and regions on which Harvard

has particular faculty expertise.

The Center’s core programs for Visiting Professors, Scholars and

Fellows, Outreach and Publications are evidence of the Center’s sustained

commitment to the teaching mission of the University, as are

the Art Forum and the DRCLAS Regional Office in Santiago.

For a complete listing of activities and further information on

these programs and initiatives, please visit the DRCLAS web site.

Andean Studies

During the past two years, the arrival of new Andean region faculty

specialists, the formation of a university-wide Committee on Andean

Studies, and the development of greater links to the region have

energized Andean studies at Harvard.

Seeking to make Andean resources at Harvard more accessible,

the Committee worked closely with the DRCLAS Regional Office in

Chile to highlight various Harvard initiatives in Argentina, Bolivia,

Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Venezuela. Attention was

focused on Harvard’s extensive institutional resources such as the

Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, which houses

Andean textiles, metalwork and pottery, and the Dumbarton Oaks

Research Library and Collection in Washington, D.C., which has a

long-standing commitment to Andean studies through its collections

and programs on Pre-Columbian Studies.

DRCLAS hosted more than ten conferences and events on the

Andes. In November 2003, Harvard hosted the 22nd Northeastern

Conference on Andean Archaeology and Ethnohistory, bringing together

Vista panorámica de la cordillera

de los Andes en Mendoza,


Vista panorâmica da cordilheira

dos Andes desde Mendoza,


specialists from around the globe to discuss Andean archaeology and

history. In December 2003, Peruvian Prime Minister Beatriz Merino

visited the Center and delivered a public lecture. The Committee

organized the first Andean Region Symposium to highlight Harvard

faculty members’ diverse initiatives, ranging from tuberculosis

control in Peru to research on khipus, Incan knotted recording

devices. In June 2004, Professor José Antonio Mazzotti of the

Department of Romance Languages and Literatures presided over

the Seville Conference of the International Association of Peruvianists.

In July 2004, Professors Mazzotti and Cummins taught two related

courses, The Art of Cuzco and Latin American Literature in Context, as

part of the Harvard Summer School program in Cuzco, Peru.

Thomas B. F. Cummins

Chair, Andean Studies Committee

Dumbarton Oaks Professor of Pre-Columbian and Colonial Art History (FAS)

Brazilian Studies

The joint efforts of Harvard University faculty members from

diverse disciplines, Harvard students, Brazilian institutions, and the

local Brazilian community continue to strengthen Brazilian Studies

at Harvard. The Brazilian Studies Committee, composed of twelve

Harvard faculty members, has provided leadership and coordination

for the Center’s activities related to the country. Support from an

endowment established by Jorge Paulo Lemann enabled the

Brazilian Studies Committee to convene experts from the United

States and abroad to expand and diversify research and teaching on

Brazil at the University.

During 2003-2004, the Center hosted the visits of Donna Hrinak,

U.S. Ambassador to Brazil, and prominent Brazilians including

“Harvard’s decision to establish a formal presence

in the region has had an incredible energizing

impact on the local Harvard alumni.”

Andrés Rodríguez, President, Harvard Club of Chile

Fernando Henrique Cardoso, former President (1999-2002); Dilma

Rouseff, Minister of Mines and Energy; Arminio Fraga, former

Governor of the Central Bank; and Paulo Renato Souza, former

Minister of Education.

A yearlong Harvard Forum on Human Rights in Brazil focused on

important questions concerning the rights of Brazilians. The series,

developed by faculty adviser James Cavallaro (HLS), promoted

insightful discussions on pressing social questions. Among the issues

addressed were urban police violence in the context of rising criminality,

women’s rights, the rights of indigenous peoples, as well as

socio-economic rights. Panels featured leading scholars and human

rights activists such as Oded Grajew, former Advisor to President

Luiz Inácio “Lula” da Silva; Peter Houtzager, of the University of

Sussex; Ignacio Cano, of the Universidade do Estado do Rio de

Janeiro; as well as Edward Telles, from the University of California,

Los Angeles.

Building on the consortium funded by the U.S. Department of

Education and Brazil’s Ministry of Education, the Center welcomed

four Brazilian students to Harvard for an exchange program, administered

in conjunction with the University of Notre Dame,

Universidade de São Paulo (USP) and the Pontifícia Universidade

Católica do Rio de Janeiro (PUC).

The Center welcomes Kenneth Maxwell, former Director of Latin

American Studies, and Tomás Amorim, former Director of Western

Hemisphere Affairs at the Council on Foreign Relations, to the

DRCLAS community for the new academic year, ensuring the continued

growth of Brazilian Studies at the Center.

Clémence Jouët-Pastré

Co-Chair, Brazilian Studies Committee

Senior Preceptor in Portuguese

Department of Romance Languages & Literatures (FAS)

Cuban Studies and Exchange Program

During 2003-2004, the Center’s Cuban Studies and Exchange Program

remained steadfast in its promotion of endeavors that examine pressing

economic, social, cultural and political issues for Cuba. The guidance

of the Cuban Studies Committee and the financial support from

the Ford Foundation and Christopher Reynolds Foundation enabled

increased development of the study of Cuba and U.S.-Cuban relations

across a wide spectrum of disciplines at Harvard.

This year, the Committee launched its first yearlong Cuba Seminar

Series, fora presented by faculty, students and Cuban visiting scholars

to discuss topics ranging from patent and trademark policies to

student thesis projects. The Fall 2003 Corporate Partners Program,

Doing Business with Cuba: Today and Tomorrow, examined future

endeavors between the two countries. In addition, the Center hosted

three Cuban Visiting Scholars in the fields of law, health economics,

and biology.

In collaboration with the University of Massachusetts, Boston,

and the Centro de Investigaciones Psicológicas y Sociológicas, the

Center organized a two-part comparative forum with senior Cuban

and American scholars on Poverty and Social Policy in Cuba: Addressing

the Challenges of Social and Economic Change. With a focus on public

policy, the forum, held in April 2003 in Cambridge and in January

2004 in Havana, engaged academics in a discussion of data-based

papers on economic and social policy making, poverty and inequality

in particular, and key service delivery challenges in the core of the

Cuban welfare state — education, housing, public health and social

services. A new volume examining the strengths and weaknesses in

Cuba’s economy and overall development trajectory, The Cuban

Economy at the Start of the Twenty-First Century (edited by Jorge I.

Domínguez, Omar Everleny Pérez Villanueva and Lorena Barberia)

will be launched at the Latin American Studies Association’s

International Congress in October 2004.

In public health and medicine, the Cuban Studies and Exchange

Program is actively collaborating with Cuba’s Pedro Kourí Institute

of Tropical Medicine (IPK) on projects concerning AIDS, tuberculosis,

and dengue. HMS faculty members Arachu Castro, Paul Farmer,

and Michael Starnbach, and HSPH Professor John David are working

with the IPK on joint research projects and teaching activities.

Arachu Castro also is organizing the workshop Resource Allocation

Practices in the Prevention and Treatment of HIV/AIDS in the Caribbean,

with support from the Ford Foundation and the Pan American

Health Organization. This workshop seeks to engage policymakers

and scholars in narrowing the existing finance gap for AIDS programs

in the Caribbean, the region outside sub-Saharan Africa most

affected by this pandemic.

Arachu Castro

Chair, Cuban Studies and Exchange Committee

Instructor in Medical Anthropology in the Department of Social Medicine (HMS)

Cuban Short-Term Visiting Scholars

Dánice de la C. Vázquez De Alvaré, Universidad de la Habana

Research Topic: Trademark law & the Agreement on Trade-Related

Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights

Berkman Center for Internet & Society, Harvard Law School

Alicia Reyes Jiménez, Instituto de Medicina Tropical Pedro Kourí

Research Topic: HIV/AIDS Resource Allocation in Cuba

Department of Social Medicine, Harvard Medical School

Vivian Kourí Cardella, Instituto de Medicina Tropical Pedro Kourí

Research Topic: Genotypes of Kaposi’s Sarcoma associated

Herpes Virus in Cuba

New England Primate Research Center, Harvard Medical School 5

Inter-Faculty Committee on

Latino Studies

The Center established the Inter-Faculty Committee on Latino

Studies (IFCLAS) in 1999 to bring together faculty engaged in the

study of Latin American immigration and communities of Latin

American descent in the United States. For the past few years,

IFCLAS has worked to ensure the development of research and

teaching on Latino Studies at Harvard.

IFCLAS has two established initiatives: the inter-disciplinary

seminar series and the annual undergraduate thesis competition. The

IFCLAS Spring Speaker Series, Paradox or Promise: Inter-disciplinary

Perspectives on Latino Health, was led by the newest IFCLAS faculty

member, Professor Dolores Acevedo-García from the School of Public

Health. The series provided an inter-disciplinary forum to explore the

debates central to the Latino Health Paradoxes Conference.

This year’s IFCLAS Annual Thesis Award honored two undergraduate

seniors from the Program in Social Studies whose theses exemplified

the high level of scholarship produced at Harvard in Latino

Studies: Rachel Sarah Bloomekatz, for Latino Immigrants in the United

States South: A Study of Local Health Organizations Mediating Immigrant

Incorporation in Morristown, Tennessee, and Maribel Hernández Rivera,

for A Citizenship of Aliens: The Case of Undocumented Mexican Immigrants

in Los Angeles.

IFCLAS partnered with the Harvard student organization

Concilio Latino to sponsor the first-ever Latino Studies Student

Research Symposium. Countering the perception that scholarship

related to Latinos is only generated in the humanities, many of

Harvard’s professional schools were represented in the program, and

over 60 participants attended the event. Faculty members served as

panel moderators of this event and worked closely with organizers to

ensure quality and academic rigor.

IFCLAS led and participated in a variety of activities in partnership

with other academic institutions, community groups and

student organizations, culminating in the conference, A Gathering of

Voices: Latino Studies and Pedagogies for Building Community, held at

Tufts University in May 2004. The event provided scholars in this

discipline the opportunity to exchange information about programs

and resources relevant to Latinos. Organizers fostered dialogues

about the following topics: the Introductory Course, performance

and aesthetics, working with Latino children in schools, familyteacher

relations, bilingual learning, Latino Studies programs, and

university-community cooperation. A consensus developed that the

Latino population will play an increasingly important role in the

United States. Attesting to Harvard’s enormous convening power, the

event was an unprecedented collaboration of more than fifteen area

institutions and over 100 individual participants engaged in teaching

or research related to Latinos. Planning for the creation of a Greater

Boston Latino Studies Consortium is underway.

David Carrasco

Chair, Inter-Faculty Committee on Latino Studies

Neil L. Rudenstine Professor for the Study of Latin America (FAS)

6 David Rockefeller Center for Latin American Studies

Mexican Studies Program

The DRCLAS Mexican Studies Program contributes to the understanding

of past and contemporary issues in Mexico, ranging from

development, economics and politics, to culture, literature and art.

The Program fosters greater awareness of Harvard faculty and

student research and provides support for existing and new Harvard

projects on Mexico.

This year, the Mexican Studies Committee organized two symposia

to highlight Harvard faculty research on Mexico. In the Fall

2003 Symposium, William Fash shared the surprising results of

recent excavations at the Xalla Compound of Teotihuacán, Fernando

Reimers explored how teaching quality matters even more to students

who are the first in their families to attend school, and John

Coatsworth examined why the Mexican economy is still highly influenced

by the ideas of nationalism, despite the fact that the PRI

political party lost the 2000 presidential elections. The Spring 2004

Symposium featured presentations by medical specialist Jody

Heymann on working families in Mexico, anthropologist David

Carrasco on the reading and interpretation of a 16th-century Aztec

Codex, and biologist James Hanken on the unique amphibians in

Mexico. The Fall Symposium was video-transmitted to the Instituto

Tecnológico de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey (ITESM) campus

in Mexico.

During the past academic year, the relationship between the

Kennedy School of Government (KSG) and ITESM intensified on

an important project to strengthen ITESM’s Master in Public

Administration and Public Policy Program. As part of this initiative,

Merilee Grindle and Mary Hilderbrand organized an executive

program for Mexican local, state and federal government officials at

the KSG. Additionally, the Center hosted more than a dozen public

events and conferences on Mexico ranging from talks on innovations

in the oil industry by former general director of PEMEX, Adrián

Lajous, to discussions of the country’s electoral reforms by former

President of the Federal Electoral Institute, José Woldenberg.

DRCLAS supported over 20 Mexico-related faculty initiatives

throughout the University and awarded more than 20 research and

internship grants to students, ranging from the study of the impact

of international economic law on domestic legal regimes to research

on the glycemic index of Mexican tortillas. Six of the eleven doctoral

students who were DRCLAS-appointed Graduate Student

Associates in 2003-2004 are undertaking research focused on

Mexico. DRCLAS also supported six courses focused predominantly

on Mexico, and promoted another 22 courses that explore different

aspects of Mexico throughout the University.

The Center continues to work closely with the Fundación México

en Harvard, a Mexico City-based foundation created by Harvard

alumni that promotes opportunities and provides funding for

Mexicans to conduct graduate study and post-doctoral research at

Harvard. This year’s two Antonio Madero/Fundación México

Visiting Scholars played an important role in the academic life of the

Center. Soledad Loaeza, Professor of Politics at El Colegio de

México, developed a research project on the presidency of Gustavo

Díaz Ordaz, and Orlandina de Oliveira, Professor of Sociology at El

Colegio de México, engaged in comparative research on gender relations

in urban areas of Mexico and Brazil.

Merilee Grindle

Chair, Mexican Studies Committee

Edward S. Mason Professor of International Development (KSG)

DRCLAS Regional Office

The David Rockefeller Center is part of a bold institutional experiment

for Harvard University. In August 2002, Harvard established its

first office outside of the United States as a three-year pilot project

with a mission to serve all parts of the University in promoting the

work that Harvard wants to do in a region of the world. Located in

Santiago, Chile, the DRCLAS Regional Office is designed to

enhance opportunities for Harvard faculty to carry out their research

and collaborative projects, as well as to expand opportunities for

Harvard students studying, working or doing research in the five

countries served by the Regional Office: Argentina, Bolivia, Chile,

Peru and Uruguay.

As part of Lawrence Summers’ first trip to Latin America as

President of Harvard, he visited Chile on March 30, 2004, to meet

with senior policy makers as well as Harvard faculty, students and

alumni, and to give a major public address at the United Nations

Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean.

During the 2003-2004 academic year, the DRCLAS Regional

Office organized four Harvard international conferences and more

than 20 public events in the region, with another 23 events for

Harvard students. The office also hosted 18 Harvard faculty

members and staff who were developing new or existing projects.

Working closely with Harvard’s Office of International Programs,

the Regional Office pioneered the University’s first term-time study

abroad program. During the 2003-2004 academic year, the number

of Harvard students participating in this study abroad program

tripled from four to twelve.

The Regional Office also joined with the Harvard Medical School

(HMS) to establish a new two-month program in Intensive Spanish

and International Service Learning in Santiago for HMS students.

The Regional Office collaborated with the Harvard School of Public

Health to launch a new three-week winter course on Public Health

Policy Reform in Chile in January 2004. From July 2003 to June

2004, more than 80 Harvard students participated in academic programs,

internship or research opportunities in Argentina, Bolivia,

Chile, Peru and Uruguay. The Regional Office has also worked closely

with Harvard alumni organizations in the region.

Activities connected with the Regional Office vary widely, from

Harvard astronomers studying the stars atop the Andes with some of

the world’s most powerful telescopes in the world, to Harvard architects

and urban planners designing innovative low-cost housing. The

May-June 2004 issue of Harvard Magazine profiled this work in an

eight-page article on Tying Knots: Glimpsing Global Harvard in Chile.

This DRCLAS Regional Office experiment in Santiago also raises

an important set of questions about the future of internationalization

at Harvard. As the Regional Office completes its two-year

anniversary, there is a formal review planned to help determine the

future status of the Office beyond its initial three-year mandate. In

the process, it may also help define some of the ways that Harvard

can have an impact in the world and bring back those experiences

most successfully to the University.

Art Initiatives

This year, the M. Victor

Leventritt Latin American Art

Lecture Series, organized by

Mary Schneider Enríquez in

collaboration with the Harvard

University Art Museums, featured

four lectures related to

Latin American Art. Renato

Gonzalez Mello, professor of Art

History at the Universidad

Autónoma de México, lectured

on The Language of Mexican

Muralists. In December 2003,

Brooklyn Museum of Art

Curator Emeritus Diana Fane

discussed Mexican Featherwork on

Display, from Aztec Ceremonies to

the Twenty-first Century. The

Series also featured Rita Eder,

Professor of Art History, Visual

Arts, and Theory at the

University of British Columbia,

who lectured on Melancholy and

Politics: Representing the Nation

and the Mexican School of Painting.

Ramón Mujica Pinilla, Art

Historian from Universidad de

San Marcos in Lima, Peru, concluded

the Series with the

lecture Medieval and Renaissance

Survivals in the Baroque Art of

Viceregal Peru.

The Center joined the

University Art Museums in welcoming

Persian painting expert

Thomas W. Lentz as the

Elizabeth and John Moors Cabot

Director of the Harvard

University Art Museums. Lentz

expressed a strong interest in

promoting the development of

Latin American Art at Harvard.

A distinguished curator and

institutional leader, Lentz is

former Director of the

International Art Museums division

at the Smithsonian, where

he oversaw four institutions: the

Cooper-Hewitt, National Design

Museum in New York; the Freer

Gallery of Art and the Arthur M.

Sackler Gallery; the Hirshhorn

Museum and Sculpture Garden;

and the National Museum of

African Art.

Art Forum

This year marked the consolidation

of the Art Forum as an

active player in the Boston art

scene and one of the leading

venues for Latino and Latin

American emerging artists in

the United States. The 2003-

2004 Art Forum Contest received

98 portfolios, from which two

artists were chosen to display

their work at DRCLAS.

During the fall of 2003, New

York-based Uruguayan artist

Rosalía Bermúdez transformed

the DRCLAS building into a

museum of remembrance with

her 3-D installation, Code-

Switching, which was received

with enthusiasm by the press.

During the spring of 2004,

Colombian master photographer

Jorge Mario Múnera exhibited

a 52-print retrospective,

spanning three decades of his

career, documenting the different

facets of his violence-ridden

country. Portraits of an Invisible

Country has become, already, a

landmark for the Art Forum, as

it will be the first DRCLAScurated

exhibition to travel

overseas, to Berlin, during the

spring of 2005. It also marked

the first time an artist exhibiting

at the Center remained in residence.

Mr. Múnera worked for a

week with the Colombian community

of East Boston in a photographic

project entitled

Transfiguraciones Bostonianas that

will be presented in December

2004 in Bogota.

In addition to these two major

exhibitions, Art Forum was an

active collaborator in the Made

in Mexico exhibition at Boston’s

Institute of Contemporary Art,

in which several DRCLAS jury

members served as consultants

to the curator.


Code-Switching by Rosalía

Bermúdez (Uruguay/USA)

September 2003 – January 2004,


Portraits of an Invisible Country

by Jorge Mario Múnera (Colombia)

February – June 2004, Photography 7

Cultural Agency

Contributions of the

Humanities and Arts to


Cultural Agency is a recent initiative

created by Doris Sommer,

Ira Jewell Williams Jr. Professor

of Romance Languages and

Literatures, and is supported by

the Rockefeller Foundation.

Cultural Agency aims to foster a

new interdisciplinary area of

research and action between the

humanities, the arts and society

at large. Its projects are multilayered,

including conferences,

seminars, graduate student workshops,

publications and an

internship program.

This year, the Program featured

practitioners of cultural

agency through a series of talks,

including photographer Nancy

McGirr’s work in Guatemala and

the Bajucol dance company’s

work with Colombian youths in

Boston. In December 2003,

Augusto Boal, Brazilian dramatist

and founder of the Theatre of the

Oppressed movement, led three

workshops for New England area

social activists, dramatists, teachers

and students.

Other activities included a

week-long photography workshop

for underserved Latino

high-school students in Boston

with renowned Colombian photographer

Jorge Mario Múnera;

presentations by Antanas

Mockus, former Mayor of

Bogota, on how to create and

manage innovative cultural policies

that reduce crime and

enhance civic life; and, the successful

conference, Bilingual

Benefits: Interdisciplinary

Perspectives, which convened

notable international scholars

from a broad range of disciplines

to share conclusions about the

personal and political benefits of


“Thank you so much for putting together such an

amazing retreat for my students! The speakers,

visual presentations, language exercises, lunch,

and overall spirit of the day all surpassed my


Cara Alba, Teacher, Boston Arts Academy


With the generous support of the U.S. Department of Education, the

Center has developed an active program of public outreach to ensure

the dissemination of research and public understanding of Latin

America beyond the University. As a Title VI National Resource

Center, DRCLAS provides expert information on Latin America to

the community. It answers questions, prepares documents, provides

speakers and connects people. The Center is a place of education and

intellectual exchange for anyone interested in Latin American issues.

All events are free and open to the public.

Outreach programs enable knowledge created in the academic

domain to be presented to and discussed by students, academics,

educators, politicians, the media, business people and the general

public. K-12 teachers are invited to all DRCLAS events, and receive

announcements about distinguished DRCLAS visitors — such as

Latin American artists, politicians and scholars — who are available

for classroom lectures in their schools. This year, presenters at local

schools included Eduardo Rapimán, Chilean Mapuche painter; Jorge

Mario Múnera, noted Colombian photographer; and the Youth

Orchestra of the Americas. DRCLAS also helps organize film series

and training workshops for high school teachers of Spanish, History

and Latin American Studies. This year, DRCLAS organized an orientation

day in Mexican culture for Oaxaca-bound students from the

Boston Arts Academy. The Title VI grant also helps underserved students

with transportation to events on Latin America.

As part of the Outreach Initiative, the Center funded part of

Harvard’s 20,000 books, documents and journals on Latin America,

and supported the indexing and conservation of special Latin

American collections such as the Escoto collection of 19th-century

Cuban manuscripts. DRCLAS hosts scholars from other institutions

whose research projects would benefit from Harvard’s extensive

Latin American collections. In addition, a large network of non-

Harvard academics benefits from affiliation with the Center and is

able to conduct research at Harvard libraries.

The Center also funded three courses in the Department of

Romance Languages and Literatures: Spanish in the Community

and Portuguese in the Community, both service-based, and Introduction

to Quechua.

Library Scholars


The Center’s Library Scholars

Program, supported under Title

VI of the U.S. Department of

Education, provides competitively

selected scholars access to

the extensive Latin American

collections of the Harvard

University Library System.

Scholars from non-research

institutions whose projects can

best be served by Harvard

libraries benefit from the special

collections, as well as office

space at DRCLAS. In the

summer of 2004, the Center

hosted four Library Scholars.

Jennifer French

Assistant Professor of Spanish and

Comparative Literature,

Williams College

The War of the Triple Alliance in

Paraguayan Literature

Todd Hartch

Assistant Professor of History,

East Kentucky University

Mexican Athens: Ivan Illich in

Cuernavaca, 1960 to 1976

Iván A. Jaksic

Professor of History, University of

Notre Dame

‘Follow Me to Distant Spain’:

American Intellectuals and the

Hispanic World, 1820-1880

Teresa Miriam Van Hoy

Assistant Professor of Latin

American History, University of

Houston-Clear Lake

One Century of Guano History


DRCLAS publications link

Latin Americans with Latin

Americanists in the United

States, Europe and Asia. ReVista:

Harvard Review of Latin America,

is used by scholars and students

from Havana, Cuba to Hanover,

New Hampshire, as are the

twelve books in the David

Rockefeller Series on Latin

American Studies.

DRCLAS Book Series

The Center published two

books in 2003-2004. Social

Partnering in Latin America,

edited by James Austin (HBS),

Ezequiel Reficco (HBS), and

members of the Social

Enterprise Knowledge Network

Research Team, presents 24 case

studies drawn from Latin

America, focusing on the development

of institutional collaborations

between the public and

private sectors.

FTAA and Beyond: Prospects for

Integration in the Americas was

produced jointly by DRCLAS

and the Inter-American

Development Bank (IDB), and

was edited by Antoni

Estevadeordal (IDB), Dani

Rodrik (KSG), Alan M. Taylor

(University of California, Davis),

and Andrés Velasco (KSG). The

volume offers an in-depth analysis

of issues raised by the

prospects of a Free Trade Area

of the Americas.

ReVista: Harvard Review of

Latin America

ReVista features articles by academics,

students and community

members, as well as art by

well-known photographers. This

year ReVista covered three

diverse themes: Human Rights

(Fall), Children (Winter) and

Chile (Spring). For current and

past issues of ReVista, please

visit the Center’s web site.

Harvard Working Papers on

Latin America

The Working Papers series this

year placed a new emphasis on

documenting conferences held

at DRCLAS, in addition to

scholarly monographs. To date,

DRCLAS has published 32

working papers and conference

papers. Two new working papers

in 2003-2004 are: Venezuela

responde a sus retos (in Spanish),

edited by Ana Julia Jatar

(DRCLAS), Alesia Rodríguez

(KSG), and Reinier Schliesser

(KSG); and, Beyond Armed Actors:

Carving A Stronger Role for Civil

Society in Colombia, edited by

Theodore Macdonald (FAS).

DRCLASDates, the Center’s

calendar, lists events at Harvard

and in the New England area

related to Latin America, Latinos

and the Iberian Peninsula. It also

provides information on fellowships

and job opportunities.

8 David Rockefeller Center for Latin American Studies 9

Visiting Scholars

and Fellows

The Visiting Scholars and

Fellows Program strengthens

ties between Harvard and other

academic institutions by hosting

distinguished academics and

professionals who wish to

conduct research on a particular

topic or region of Latin

America. In 2003-2004 there

were 10 Visiting Scholars in residence

at DRCLAS working on

topics ranging from banking

reform to political corruption,

and from gender dynamics in

Mexico to modern Brazilian art.

Gonzalo Aguilar, Argentina

de Fortabat Visiting Scholar

Adjunct Researcher, Consejo

Nacional de Investigaciones

Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET),


1967-1976: Cultural Configuration

and Aesthetics of Guerrilla

Fighters in Argentina and Brazil

Paula Alonso, Argentina

Peggy Rockefeller Visiting


Associate Professor, Department

of Humanities, Universidad de San

Andrés, Argentina

National Politics in Modern

Argentina (PAN)

Mónica Amor, Venezuela

Lemann Visiting Scholar

Adjunct Professor, Art History

Department, Hunter College,

New York

Gego and the Crisis of Geometric

Abstraction in the Americas

(Venezuela and Brazil)

Luis Fernando Duque, Colombia

Santo Domingo Visiting Scholar

Research Professor, Escuela de

Salud Pública, Colombia

Interpersonal Violence in Bogota

María Teresa Iturriaga, Venezuela

Cisneros Visiting Scholar

Professor of Organismic Biology,

Universidad Simón Bolívar,


Discomycete Systematics:

Production of an Overview of the

Order Helotiales

Soledad Loaeza, Mexico

Antonio Madero/Fundación

México Visiting Scholar; Radcliffe

Institute Fellow

Professor of Politics, El Colegio de

México, Mexico

Mexican Presidency in the XXth

Century: The Gustavo Díaz Ordaz


Maria Helena Machado, Brazil

DRCLAS Visiting Scholar

Professor of Latin American

History, Universidade de São

Paulo, Brazil

Brazil through the Eyes of William

James and Louis Agassiz: Harvard

University's Thayer Expedition,


Orlandina de Oliveira,


Antonio Madero/Fundación

México Visiting Scholar

Professor of Sociology, Center for

Sociological Studies, El Colegio de

México, Mexico

Transition to Adulthood and

Gender Relations in Urban Areas

of Mexico and Brazil

Andrew Powell, Argentina

DRCLAS Visiting Scholar

Director of the Master’s Program

in Finance, Universidad Torcuato

di Tella, Argentina

Appropriate Banking Systems for

Latin America

Alfredo Rehren, Chile

Luksic Visiting Scholar

Associate Professor, Instituto de

Ciencia Política, Pontificia

Universidad Católica, Chile

Politics and Corruption in Chilean


Antonius Robben, Netherlands

Central American Visiting Scholar

Professor of Anthropology, Utrecht

University, Netherlands

Southern Sorrows: Trauma,

Memory and Reconciliation in

Post-Authoritarian Latin America

10 David Rockefeller Center for Latin American Studies

The Robert F. Kennedy Visiting


The Robert F. Kennedy Visiting Professorship in Latin American

Studies was created at Harvard University in 1986 through a generous

gift from the late Edmond Safra and the Republic New York

Corporation. DRCLAS administers the Professorship program,

which enables Harvard to invite eminent Latin Americans from

various fields to teach at the University for a semester or an academic

year. In 2003-2004, the Faculty of Arts and Sciences hosted two distinguished

Robert F. Kennedy Visiting Professors.

Domingo F. Cavallo, Argentina

Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Economics Department

Domingo F. Cavallo is former Minister of Economy (1991-1996 and

2001) and Minister of Foreign Affairs (1989-1991) of Argentina. In

1997, he founded the political party Acción por la República and was

elected National Congressman, a post that he held through 2001. Dr.

Cavallo is the author of several books, including Economía en Tiempos

de Crisis, La Argentina Que Pudo Ser, El Desafío Federal, and many articles.

He holds doctoral degrees from Harvard University and the

Universidad Nacional de Córdoba. While at Harvard, he co-taught

Latin America and the Washington Consensus (Economics 1325) and

taught The Latin American Economy (Economics 1320). In addition to

teaching responsibilities, he gave a public lecture on Argentina and the

International Monetary Fund during the Bush Administrations as part of

the RFK Lecture Series.

Simon Schwartzman, Brazil

Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Sociology Department

Simon Schwartzman is a Brazilian academic with extensive

scholarship in the areas of Sociology, Political Science and Public

Administration. Currently, he is the President of the Institute for

Studies on Labor and Society (IETS) in Rio de Janeiro. His research

addresses questions of political and social change from historical and

comparative perspectives with special emphasis on Brazil. His publications

include The New Production of Knowledge (et al.; Sage, 1994), El

Futuro de la Educación Superior en América Latina (Organization of

American States, 1996), As Causas da Pobreza (Fundação Getúlio

Vargas, 2004), and Contemporary Issues in Brazilian Education (with

Colin Brock; Symposium Books, forthcoming). Dr. Schwartzman

holds a PhD in Political Science from the University of California,

Berkeley. While at Harvard, he taught two courses: Poverty, Exclusion,

and Modernization: Conference Course (Sociology 187) and Social Policies

in Latin America: Issues, Stakeholders, and Outcomes (Sociology 287). As

part of the RFK Lecture Series, he gave a public lecture on

Globalization, Poverty, and Social Inequality in Brazil.

Latin American Tuesday Seminar

The Tuesday Seminar on Latin American Affairs allows faculty, visiting

scholars, graduate students and invited guests to present their

research on contemporary issues in Latin America. The seminar

series is open to the public and regularly attracts a diverse audience

of academics, students and members of the community. Co-chairs for

the series in 2003-2004 were Jorge I. Domínguez, Director of the

Weatherhead Center for International Affairs, and Steven Levitsky,

Assistant Professor of Government. This year DRCLAS hosted

21 seminars on political, economic and social themes that covered

topics such as: U.S. Latinos and U.S. Foreign Policy toward Latin

America; Women’s Extra Domestic Work and Gender Relations in Urban

Mexico; Patterns of Indigenous Voting in Latin America; and, Institutional

Constraints and Executive Strategies for Reform: The Privatization of

Telecommunications in Latin America. For a complete listing of 2003-

2004 Tuesday Seminars and all other Center events, please visit the

Center’s web site.

History Workshop

Isla Negra, coastal home of

Chilean poet Pablo Neruda.

The Boston Area Workshop for Latin American History provides

faculty and graduate students engaged in Latin American history

with a forum to share their work. In 2003- 2004, the Center sponsored

10 workshops on topics ranging from Sentencing the Social

Question: Workers and the Courts in Argentina, 1900-1915 to Looking In,

Looking Out: Mexico’s Peasantry Before the Revolution. The series is

made possible by the generous support of the Andrew W. Mellon

Foundation. For a complete listing of 2003-2004 History Workshops

and all other Center events, please visit the Center’s web site.


Isla Negra, casa costeña del

poeta chileno Pablo Neruda.


The Center sponsored or co-sponsored 13 international workshops,

seminars and conferences, bringing together a wide range of experts

to address many of the most challenging issues facing Latin America.

Extensive reports can be found on the Center’s web site.

First Social Enterprise

Knowledge Network Colloquium

August 3-6, 2003

Harvard Business School

With support from the AVINA

Foundation, the Harvard Business

School hosted the first Social

Enterprise Knowledge Network

(SEKN) Research Colloquium to

report on a two-year research

project focusing on collaborations

between NGOs and businesses in

Argentina, Brazil, Central America,

Chile, Colombia, Mexico and Peru.

A collection of teaching case

studies has been produced and

will be incorporated as a Special

SEKN Collection in the Harvard

Business School Publishing case

portfolio, as well as an edited

volume entitled Social Partnering

in Latin America: Lessons Drawn

from Collaborations of Businesses

and Civil Society Organizations.

Isla Negra, casa litorânea do

poeta chileno Pablo Neruda.

Encuentro sobre Género,

Sexualidad y Cultura: Un Diálogo

Desde el Sur

August 21-23, 2003

Universidad de Santiago de Chile

This conference brought together

scholars and writers working on

issues of gender and sexuality in the

fields of literature, visuals arts and

cultural critique in the Southern

Cone. The conference addressed

post-dictatorial cultural transformations

in Argentina, Chile and

Uruguay as well as their effects on

gender and sexuality, as critical to

discussion and reflection on the

development of democracy.

Academics from various U.S.

universities and individuals from

Argentina, Chile and Uruguay participated

in this conference. The organizers

intend to publish an edited

volume from the conference papers.

continued on page 14 11

2003-04 highlights

August 21-23, 2003

[Santiago, Chile]


Encuentro sobre

Género, Sexualidad y

Cultura: Un Diálogo

desde el Sur

Brad Epps, Professor

of Romance

Languages and



September 25, 2003 through January 15, 2004

Art Forum Fall 2003


An installation by Rosalía Bermúdez,

New York-based Uruguayan artist

September 25-29, 2003

Conference: Bolivia, Chile, Peru:

Exploring Opportunities for

Mutual Gain

12 David Rockefeller Center for Latin American Studies

October 28, 2003

Film Scripting


with Argentine


Fernando Birri

December 5–12, 2003

Workshop with Augusto Boal, Brazilian dramatist

and founder of Theatre of the Oppressed

November 5, 2003

RFK Lecture: Argentina

and the IMF during the

Bush Administrations

Domingo Cavallo, Robert

F. Kennedy Visiting

Professor of Latin

American Studies

December 2, 2003

Visit of Fernando

Henrique Cardoso

President of Brazil

(1995 - 2003)

December 12, 2003

Public Lecture:

Beatriz Merino

Prime Minister

of Peru

January 27, 2004

[Havana, Cuba]

Conference: Poverty

and Social Policy in

Cuba: Addressing the

Challenges of Social

and Economic Change

February 18, 2004 through June 30, 2004

Art Forum Spring 2004

Portraits of an Invisible Country

Photographs of Jorge Mario Múnera,


February 24, 2004

Tuesday Seminar

Series: U.S. Latinos

and U.S. Foreign

Policy Toward Latin


Jorge I. Domínguez

February 20–21, 2004

Conference: Moving Beyond Armed

Actors: The Challenges for Civil

Society in Colombia

Antanas Mockus, former Mayor of


March 30 – April 1, 2004

Visit of Harvard

University President

Lawrence Summers to

Chile and Brazil

April 12–16, 2004

Brazil Week at DRCLAS

A week of panels, films,

photo exhibit and

multimedia fair

April 19, 2004

Book Launch at the Inter-

American Development

Bank, Washington, D.C.

FTAA and Beyond:

Prospects for Integration

in the Americas, edited by

Antoni Estevadeordal, Dani

Rodrik, Alan M. Taylor

and Andrés Velasco

Clémence M. Jouët-Pastré

Senior Preceptor in

Romance Languages and

Literatures; Co-Chair,

Brazilian Studies


Maribel Hernández

’04, Certificate in

Latin American

Studies recipient

Professors Doris

Sommer, José

Antonio Mazzotti and

Luis Cárcamo-

Huechante of the

Department of

Romance Languages

and Literatures

May 11,2004

[Santiago, Chile]

Chilean Public

Space: Crónica

urbana y espacio


Conversación with

Pedro Lemebel,

Chilean poet 13

con ferences resources

continued from page 11

Bolivia, Chile, Peru: Exploring

Opportunities for Mutual Gain

September 25-29, 2003

David Rockefeller Center for Latin

American Studies

As a follow up to the first seminar

held in Cambridge in March 2003

with support from the Corporación

Andina de Fomento (CAF), DRCLAS

organized a second week-long

seminar to bring together a

diverse group of 24 influential

leaders from Bolivia, Chile and

Peru to better understand the

differing perspectives among the

three countries and explore opportunities

for mutual gain. In addition

to policy makers, there was an

emphasis on inviting influential

military, media, business, education

and cultural leaders from

each of the countries.

Workshop: Collaborative

Research Initiatives in Early Child

Development and Mental Health

for Latin America and the


October 9-11, 2003

David Rockefeller Center for Latin

American Studies

This workshop was a follow up to

the 2002 meeting, at which

Harvard University scholars and

experts from the Pan American

Health Organization (PAHO),

among others, discussed early

child development and mental

health. This workshop produced a

research and intervention agenda

that would systematically assess

the resources and needs of countries

with regard to early child

development and mental health.

A Reassessment of the Place of

Archaeoastronomy in Latin

American Studies

October 10-12, 2003

Colgate University

This conference gathered an international

team of scholars exploring

the role of archaeoastronomy

in Mesoamerica and South

America at Colgate University as

part of a revitalized initiative to

deepen the study of Latin

American indigenous cultures.

New dialogues were initiated

among scholars on a series of

problems in understanding the

relationship between cosmology,

archaeoastronomy, imperial

ceremonial centers and ritual

practices, with special attention

to South American patterns.

Homenaje al Profesor Eduardo

Matos Moctezuma

October 20-24, 2003

Museo Nacional de Antropología,


Co-sponsored by the Instituto

Nacional de Antropología e

Historia, Museo Nacional de

Antropología and Harvard’s Moses

Mesoamerican Archive, this conference

engaged archaeologists,

anthropologists, historians of

religion, art historians, epigraphers

and archaeoastronomers

from the United States, Mexico and

Europe. Lectures and seminars

focused on two general themes

reflected in the distinguished

career of Eduardo Matos

Moctezuma: the nature and character

of Prehispanic societies in

Central Mexico and the history of

archaeology in Central Mexico.

Workshop: Film Scripting with

Fernando Birri

October 28, 2003

Department of Romance

Languages and Literatures,

Harvard University

As part of the course Advanced

Topics in Latin American Film

(LAS 160), this script-writing workshop

taught students to compose

their own scripts for a 5- to 10minute

fiction or non-fiction video

and featured the participation of

renowned Argentine director

Fernando Birri, one of the founders

of New Latin American Cinema.

22nd Annual Northeast

Conference on Andean

Archaeology & Ethnohistory


November 1-2, 2003

Geology Department, Harvard


With support from DRCLAS, the

NCAAE’s annual meeting was

hosted by Harvard University this

year, attracting participants from

all across the United States,

Canada, Latin America and Europe.

Thirty specialists in Andean archaeology

or ethnohistory gave presentations

before an audience of

250–300 scholars and other guests.

14 David Rockefeller Center for Latin American Studies

Workshop: Philosophical

Inquiries from Latin America

November 20, 2003

Department of Romance

Languages and Literatures,

Harvard University

In an effort to promote a process

of learning from and conversing

with Latin American scholars, this

ongoing workshop series focuses

on how the issues of value and

judgment are developed and problematized

in ethical, aesthetic and

economic-philosophical terms.

The questions and problems posed

by location relevant to philosophical

production from Latin America and

to the “universality” of continental

philosophy are also examined. This

first event in the workshop series

was led by Bolivar Echeverría of

the Universidad Nacional

Autónoma de México.

Poverty and Social Policy in Cuba:

Addressing the Challenges of

Social and Economic Change

January 27, 2004

Havana, Cuba

Aiming to advance high-quality

applied social research, policy

advice and policy-focused debate

through scholarly exchanges that

integrate a diverse set of academic

disciplines and actors in

the policy sphere, Xavier de Souza

Briggs (KSG) and the Centro de

Investigaciones Psicológicas y


Sociológicas organized


a two-part

joint research conference 25 on

Poverty, Inequality and 24 Applied

Social Research. The conference 23

was co-sponsored by DRCLAS, 22

the Ford Foundation, University 21 of

Massachusetts, Boston 20 and

Oxfam America. A publication 19 of


the outcome of the conference is





Moving Beyond Armed 14 Actors

February 19-21, 2004 13

David Rockefeller Center 12 for Latin

American Studies 11

In February 10


Harvard faculty

members convened 9

26 the conference

Moving Beyond 8

25 Armed Actors: The


Challenges 24 for Civil Society in


Colombia to 23build

upon the


success of 22 the November 2002


workshop. 21 The event was 3designed


to engage actors from civil 2 society


organizations, universities 1 and











municipal governments in

Colombia. Participants included

Michael Shifter, Vice President of

the Inter-American Dialogue in

Washington, D.C., and Harvard

professors Merilee Grindle (KSG),

Doris Sommer (FAS) and Harvey

Cox (HDS).

Scaling Up Responses to the AIDS

Pandemic: Building Coalitions of

Direct Action

May 8, 2004

Harvard Medical School

This conference reported on a

project that grew out of the 2000

conference Extending AIDS

Treatment to Poor Communities:

Lessons from Brazil. Sponsored by

DRCLAS, the Program in Infectious

Disease and Social Change

(PIDSC) and the Institute for

Health and Social Justice (IHSJ) of

Partners in Health, the yearlong

project developed evidence-based

models for scaling up responses to

the HIV/AIDS epidemic.

Incorporating the latest data with

experiences from comprehensive

HIV/AIDS programs in Brazil, Haiti,

Cuba, Nicaragua and Peru, the

project identifies and analyzes

factors that have contributed to the

successes of these programs. This

year’s conference highlighted the

major findings of the project and

proposed policy options to incorporate

coalitions of direct action in

treatment protocols.

Conference on Latino Health


June 24, 2004

Harvard School of Public Health

The unexpected health patterns, or

“paradoxes,” describe how some

Latino groups in the United States

have some positive health outcomes

despite their lower socioeconomic

position. Bringing

together leading health experts

who have worked on Latino physical

and mental health paradoxes,

as well as experts from other

disciplines (Economics, Political

Science and Sociology), the conference

focused on the state of

empirical evidence providing

insights into the possible causes

of these health paradoxes from a

cross-disciplinary perspective.






Costa Rica


Dom. Rep.

El Salvador







Puerto Rico



















































Student Grants

Summer Internship Grants

Summer Research Travel Grants

Term-Time Research Travel Grants

Summer Internship Grants

Summer Research Travel Grants

Term-Time Research Travel Grants







Costa Rica


Dom. Rep.

El Salvador



French Guiana







Puerto Rico






Students from Freshman

Seminar 23g on a course trip

to the Galapagos Islands.

Student Grants

Estudiantes del curso

Freshman Seminar 23g en su

viaje a las Islas Galápagos.

Estudantes do curso Freshman

Seminar 23g em uma viagem

às Ilhas Galápagos.

DRCLAS Latin American Internship Program

During the past five years, the DRCLAS Internship Program has

grown to become the largest on campus. Students can take advantage

of the Center’s institutional and organizational contacts to find a

summer internship that best meets their interests. DRCLAS has ties

with both independent organizations such as the Buenos Aires thinktank

CIPPEC and the Rio de Janeiro volunteer organization Viva

Rio, as well as with major international organizations such as

WorldTeach and the Organization of American States. Upon securing

an internship through DRCLAS or on their own, Harvard

students are welcomed to apply for a DRCLAS Summer Internship

Grant to aid in funding students’ travel to Latin America. This year,

the Center awarded 59 internship grants to undergraduate and

graduate students.

DRCLAS Term-Time Research Travel Grants

The Center’s Term-Time Research Travel Grants are awarded each

year to support research conducted during the academic year as part

of a regular Harvard degree program. In 2003-2004, DRCLAS

awarded 26 term-time research grants.

For a complete listing of 2003-2004 Summer Research and

Internship Grant recipients, please visit the Center’s web site. 15


Research Travel


The Center awarded 38

DRCLAS Summer Research

Travel Grants to graduate students

and 22 grants to undergraduate

students pursuing

senior thesis topics, for travel

during Summer 2004. These

grants were made possible

through the generous support of

nearly 20 individual endowment

funds at the Center.

DRCLAS Conference

Travel Grants

The Center’s Conference Travel

Grants are intended to alleviate

travel expenses for Harvard

graduate students presenting at a

conference outside of the Boston

area. In 2003-2004, DRCLAS

awarded 40 Conference Travel

Grants to students from the

Graduate School of Arts and

Sciences and every professional

school at Harvard.

De Fortabat Fellowship


The Amalia Lacroze de Fortabat

Fellowship Program was established

by Argentine businesswoman

and philanthropist

Amalia Lacroze de Fortabat in

order to give promising

Argentine students financial

support to pursue graduate

studies at Harvard University.

Recipients of the de Fortabat

fellowship are expected to

return to Argentina upon completion

of studies at Harvard.

For academic year 2003-2004,

ten students received de

Fortabat fellowships:

María Paula Bustos, GSAS,


Silvia Guadalupe Catinot, KSG

Carola Frydman, GSAS,


Christian Gruenberg, KSG

Gabriela Magali Junowicz, KSG

Marcela Masnatta, KSG

Gabriela Luciana Sánchez, HLS

Martín Miguel Serrano, HLS

Ana Laura Valazza, KSG

Jimena Zuñiga, KSG

Mellon Summer Field

Research Grants

Established through a grant

from the Andrew W. Mellon

Foundation, Mellon Summer

Field Research Grants allow

graduate students in the field

of Latin American History to

pursue fieldwork related to

preliminary dissertation

research and, in some cases,

supplement a DRCLAS Summer

Research Travel Grant. The

Center awarded nine Mellon

Summer Field Research Grants

in 2003-2004.

Mellon Academic Year

Fellowships in Latin

American History

The Fellowship was established

through a grant from the

Andrew W. Mellon Foundation

and provides a stipend of

$17,000 for Harvard graduate

students in the field of Latin

American History at the

Graduate School of Arts and

Sciences. During the Academic

Year 2003-2004, there were six

Mellon Fellows:

Isaac Campos-Costero

Amílcar Challú

Carrie Endries

Halbert Jones

Alison Adams Kidwell

Mónica Ricketts

Foreign Language and

Area Studies (FLAS)

Fellowship Program

The Foreign Language and Area

Studies Fellowship Program, initiated

at Harvard in 1994 with a

U.S. Department of Education

grant, enables Harvard to

support graduate and professional

school students seeking

advanced training in modern

foreign languages and area

studies related to Latin America

during the summer or the

academic year.

16 David Rockefeller Center for Latin American Studies

Academic Year FLAS

Fellowship Recipients

William Suarez-Potts, GSAS,


Shannon O’Neil Trowbridge,

GSAS, Government

Anadelia Romo, GSAS, History

Hillel Soifer, GSAS, Government

Gretchen Phillips, KSG

Christopher Walker, KSG

Summer 2004 FLAS

Intensive Language

Training Grant


Linda Abarbanell, GSE

[Tzotzil Mayan]

Tiffany Jackson, HMS [Spanish]

Robert Karl, GSAS, History


Kathleen O’Connor, GSAS,

Anthropology [Portuguese]

Student Organization

Grant Recipients

Each year, DRCLAS invites

liaisons from the approximately

thirty Latin American or Latino

student organizations throughout

the University to participate

in a Student Leaders Meeting

where organizations learn about

each other’s planned activities

and Center resources. In 2003-

2004, DRCLAS awarded 30

grants to 23 different student

organizations to assist in the

execution of their events.

Student organization initiatives

ranged from a conference on the

future of the Argentine

economy to an Aztec dance performance

and the creation of La

Vida at Harvard, a guide to

Latino and Latin American

resources in the Boston area for

undergraduate students.

Harvard Argentine Society (HAS)

Bridge Builders

Capoeira Regional


Cuban-American Undergraduate

Student Association (CAUSA)

Chilean Caucus

Club Latinoamericano

Colombian Colloquium

Concilio Latino

Danza Azteca

Diversity and Distinction

Harvard Divinity School EQUITAS

Fuerza Latina

Harvard Graduate Conference on

International History

Harvard Association Cultivating

Inter-American (HACIA)


Harvard Organization of Latin

America (HOLA)

Harvard University Mexican

Association (HUMA)

Harvard International

Development Conference

Latinas Unidas

Mariachi Veritas

Presencia Latina Cultural Show

Harvard-Radcliffe Raza


Graduate Student


Harvard’s graduate students are

an integral part of the Center’s

rich academic and cultural community.

The DRCLAS Graduate

Student Associate program formalizes

this connection and

facilitates doctoral students’

independent work in Latin

American Studies by providing a

DRCLAS affiliation and financial

resources to approximately

10-12 graduate students each

year, with several receiving

office space at 61 Kirkland

Street. Graduate Student

Associates are selected through

a competitive process that

includes all professional schools

and academic departments.

Oliver Dinius, GSAS, History

José Luis Falconi, GSAS, Romance

Languages and Literatures

Daniel Gutiérrez, GSAS, History

Sarah Jackson, GSAS,


Aaron Navarro, GSAS, History

Alvaro Santos, HLS

Julia Sarreal, GSAS, History

Pamela Surkan, HSPH

Michelle Tisdel Flikke, GSAS,


Ernesto Treviño, GSE

Germán Treviño, GSE

Luis Valenzuela, GSD

“Thank you so much to the David Rockefeller Center for Latin

American Studies for making our trip to the Galapagos possible!

Every aspiring evolutionary biologist reads about the islands and

how Darwin was inspired by what he saw there. To be able to go to

the islands ourselves, to see what Darwin saw, gave a new

inspiration to this new generation of biologists.”

Jennifer Imamura ’07

Certificate in Latin

American Studies

Recipients 2004

The DRCLAS-administered

Certificate in Latin American

Studies is awarded each year by

Harvard’s Committee on Latin

American and Iberian Studies to

students graduating from the

Harvard College and the

Graduate School of Arts and

Sciences who have fulfilled specific

course requirements,

demonstrated proficiency in

Spanish or Portuguese, and presented

an honors thesis on a

topic relating to Latin America.

This year, 20 graduating

Harvard College seniors were

awarded certificates.

Jason Alcorn

Social Studies

URACCAN: A Discourse for

Autonomy on the Atlantic Coast of


Anthony Arnold

Social Studies

Inequality and the Quality of

Democracy in Mexico

Rachel Bloomekatz

Social Studies

De México to Morristown: A study

of local health organizations

mediating immigrant incorporation

in Morristown, Tennessee

Blake Boulerice


Monogenesis Theory and the

Atlantic Creoles: Evidence of an

Afroportuguese Substrate in

Palenquero Creole Spanish

Rebecca Cantu


Meet the New Boss, Same as the

Old Boss: Legislative

Representation in Post-Transition


Cheryl Carandang

History & Literature

Public Opinion in the Face of an

Official Cold War Consensus:

Patterns of an Independent, yet

Complementary, Imperial

Discourse During the Guatemalan

Crisis, 1950-1954

Fidelma-Leonor Cobas

History & Literature

Underlying Meaning: Masculine

and Feminine Economies as

Allegorical Keys to the Latin

American Plot of Development and


Roderick Donald


The U.S. War on Drugs in Latin

America: Explaining Why

Washington Escalated a Failed

Policy for Two Decades

Joy Fuller

Romance Languages and


Virgin, Mother, and Warrior: The

Virgin of Guadalupe as an Icon of

the Anti-Abortion Movement

Justin Gest


Perceptions and Elections:

Explaining the Reagan

Administration Decision to Invade


María Ligia Giráldez

Romance Languages and


The Bittersweet Zafra: An Analysis

of the Literary Manipulation of

1930s Historical Documentation in

Enrique Laguerre’s La Llamarada

and Ramón Marrero Arity's Over

Jeffrey Gottschall


Education Policy in Argentina

Maribel Hernández Rivera

Social Studies

A Citizenship of Aliens: The Case

of Undocumented Mexican

Immigrants in Los Angeles

Nicolás Jiménez

History & Literature

New Perspectives on

Representation: Subalternity and

the Migrant Condition In the

Novels of José María Arguedas

Jane Kim

History & Literature

The California Missions: Myth,

Romance, and History (1787-1929)

José Masini


Nationalism, Communism, Puerto

Ricans, and Political Relations

between the U.S. and Puerto Rico,


Camilo Mejía


Domestic Turmoil, Inter-American

Leadership: Colombia and the

Oganization of American States,


Sarah Mercer

Social Studies

The Unique Politics of Andrés

Manuel López Obrador: Why the

Mayor of Mexico City is So Popular

and How He is Helping to

Consolidate Democracy in Mexico

María Luisa Romero


Democratization by Force?

Panama's Democratic Transition

after the U.S. Invasion of 1989

Benjamin Wells

History & Literature

Pancho Villa and the American

Left: A House Divided 17

DRCLAS Student

Advisory Board


The Student Advisory Board was

created in 2001 in order to

strengthen relationships between

students and student organizations

committed to Latin

America and provide insight to

DRCLAS student-related services.

In 2003-2004, the Board

played a key role in organizing

student dinners with DRCLAS

Visiting Scholars and assisting

with other important DRCLAS

activities and major events.

Undergraduate Students

Leah Aylward

Jessica Berwick

Rachel Bloomekatz

Arturo Brillembourg

Melissa Dell

Maribel Hernández Rivera

Aaron Litvin

José Masini Torres

Aaron Mihaly

Yamilé Nesrala

Erin Sprague

Leah Tucker

Paul Farmer, MD, PhD, Harvard Medical

School, Co-Founder, Program In

Infectious Disease and Social Change,

in Haiti.

Graduate Students

Uriyoán Colón-Ramos, HSPH

Carol Deshano da Silva, GSE

José Luis Falconi, GSAS

Cristiana Pereira, HBS

Julia Sarreal, GSAS

Class Field Trips

Spring 2003

Lisa Baldez, Assistant Professor

of Government

Freshman Seminar 43e Women’s

Movements in Latin America,

Mexico City

Immediately following the

spring semester 2003, 12 students

from Freshman Seminar

43e traveled to Mexico City to

conduct research on implementation

of gender quota laws for

legislative elections in Mexico.

The trip was especially timely as

the class traveled to Mexico only

one month before the gender

quota law was to be implemented

in the parliamentary

elections of July 2003. The class

met with members of the

Mexican Congress, journalists

and political party leaders.

18 David Rockefeller Center for Latin American Studies

Paul Farmer, MD, PhD, Harvard Medical

School, Co-Fundador, Programa sobre

Enfermedades Infectuousas y Progreso

Social, en Haití.

Fall 2003

Mónica Ponce de León, Associate

Professor of Architecture

Graduate School of Design

Seminar: Ecotourism in the

Ecuadorian Rain Forest,

Ecuadorian Amazon Basin

Through a joint studio between

Harvard and the Universidad San

Francisco de Quito, 12 students

from the GSD traveled to the

Ecuadorian Amazon to work

with the Guaraní Indian tribe in

Tiputini. The Guaraní are one of

the few tribes left in the region

that do not have a center for

ecotourism. This GSD design

studio focused on developing a

prototype for the eco-tourism

industry in Ecuador that

acknowledges existing urbanization

patterns in the Amazon and

seeks to prevent or channel

future development. Several

tribes in the Amazon basin of

Ecuador have developed facilities

within their communities for

welcoming tourists as part of a

movement to allow funds from

tourism to be directed to the

indigenous populations.

Paul Farmer, MD, PhD, Harvard Medical

School, Co-Fundador, Programa sobre

Doenças Infecto-Contagiosas e

Progresso Social, no Haití.

Spring 2004

Kathleen Donohue, Assistant

Professor Department of

Organismic and Evolutionary


Freshman Seminar 23g Darwin’s

Finches, Galapagos Islands

As part of a Freshman Seminar

course offered through the

Department of Organismic and

Evolutionary Biology, Darwin’s

Finches, 12 students traveled to

the Galapagos islands of Plaza,

Española, San Cristobál,

Genovesa and Santa Cruz. The

course examined the changing

attitudes of people toward the

Galapagos Islands and the organisms

that inhabit them and how

fundamentally evolutionary and

ecological theory changed as

research shifted from brief collecting

missions to longer term

behavioral observations.


This year, DRCLAS awarded

eight Faculty Research Grants,

two Curriculum Development

Grants, one Translation Grant,

and two Course-Based Field Trip

Grants to support Harvard

faculty research and travel in

Latin America as well as to

develop courses related to the

region. DRCLAS also awarded

12 Conference Grants to 15

faculty members. These grants

were made possible with the

generous support of the

following endowments: the

Estrellita Bograd Brodsky Fund,

the Gustavo and Patricia

Cisneros Fund, the Philip

Lehner Fund, the Jorge Paulo

Lemann Fund, the Andrónico

Luksic Fund, the Antonio

Madero Fund, the Wilbur

Marvin Fund and the Reiss

Family Funds.

Faculty Research

Grant Recipients

Erica Field, Robert Wood Johnson

Scholar in Health Policy Research,

Center for Basic Research in the

Social Sciences, FAS

Survey on Health Behaviors in

Rural Peru

Clémence Jouët-Pastré, Senior

Preceptor in Romance Languages

and Literatures, FAS

Brazilian Immigrant Women:

Depression, Well-Being, and

Access to Treatment

Michael Kremer, Professor of

Economics, FAS

Colombia’s School Voucher

Program: Long-Term Impacts and


Lisa McGirr, Associate Professor

of History, FAS

The Passion of Sacco and Vanzetti:

A Global History

Mercedes Becerra, Instructor in

Social Medicine, HMS

Impact of Isoniazid to Prevent

Tuberculosis in Children in a

Setting of Emerging Isoniazid


Ana Lindsay, Co-Investigator,

Department of Health and Social

Behavior and Maternal and Child

Health, HSPH

Brazilian Mothers’ Feeding

Practices and Child Overweight

and Obesity

Catherine Snow, Henry Lee

Shattuck Professor of Education,


Preventing Reading Difficulties in

First Grade in Costa Rica with

Research-Based Practice

Ed Tronick, Associate Professor,


A Collaborative Research Project

on Social-Emotional Development

Between the Universidad de

Buenos Aires and Harvard Medical


Course-Based Field

Trip Grant Recipients

Marc Hauser, Professor of

Psychology, FAS

Field Research on Primate

Behavior in Puerto Rico

Carl Steinitz, Alexander and

Victoria Wiley Professor of

Landscape Architecture and

Planning, GSD

A Study of Alternative Futures of

Tepotztlán, Mexico: Collaboration

with Universidad Autónoma


Translation Grant


Gary Urton, Dumbarton Oaks

Professor of Pre-Columbian

Studies, FAS

Preparation of Translation for At

the Crossroads of the Earth & Sky


Development Grant


Luis Cárcamo-Huechante,

Assistant Professor of Romance

Languages and Literatures, FAS

Latin American Studies Course on

Mexico, Guatemala and Bolivia

Doris Sommer, Professor of

Romance Languages and

Literatures, FAS

Foundational Fictions and Other

Cultural Agents

Conference Grant


Jaime Bayona, Lecturer on Social

Medicine, HMS

Elements of Successful National

Tuberculosis Control Strategy:

Lessons for the Region

Luis Cárcamo-Huechante,

Assistant Professor of Romance

Languages and Literatures, FAS

Culturas en el Aire

Gwendolyn Dubois-Shaw,

Assistant Professor of History of

Art and Architecture and of

African and African-American

Studies, FAS

Symposium on Latin American Art

John Coatsworth, Monroe Gutman

Professor of Latin American

Affairs, FAS

New Work on the History of Living

Standards in Latin America

Brad Epps, Professor of Romance

Languages and Literatures, FAS,

and Luis Cárcamo-Huechante,

Assistant Professor of Romance

Languages and Literatures, FAS

Gender & Sexualities in the

Southern Cone of Latin America:

Continuing a North/South


Merilee Grindle, Edward S. Mason

Professor of International

Development, KSG

Going Local: Decentralization,

Democratization, and the Promise

of Good Governance

Clémence Jouët-Pastré, Senior

Preceptor in Romance Languages

and Literatures, FAS

National Conference on Brazilian

Immigration to the United States

David Kennedy, Manley Hudson

Professor of Law, HLS

Thinking of Law in/and Latin


David Maybury-Lewis, Edward C.

Henderson Professor of

Anthropology, FAS

Manifest Destinies and the

Elimination of Indigenous Peoples

Gary Orfield, Professor of

Education and Social Policy, GSE,

and Fernando Reimers, Associate

Professor of Education, GSE

Mexico-U.S. Immigration:

Educational Challenges

Jorge Silvetti, Nelson Robinson,

Jr. Professor of Architecture, GSD

Housing Innovation for Latin

America: From Elemental Design

to Effective Policies

Henry Steiner, Jeremiah Smith,

Jr. Lecturer on Law, HLS, and

James Cavallaro, Jeremiah

Smith, Jr. Lecturer on Law, HLS

Race, Class, and Remedial

Measures: An Interdisciplinary,

Comparative Analysis of the Latin

American Experience of

Affirmative Action 19





The Center’s Advisory

Committee weekend in May featured

a discussion with Harvard

President Lawrence Summers,

who reflected on his April 2004

visit to Brazil and Chile.

Summers noted that the challenge

of the University in the

21st century is to offer an education

that prepares students to

succeed in a fully globalized

world. Emphasizing the importance

of understanding other

cultures and speaking other languages,

Summers cited the

David Rockefeller Center as a

model on which to develop and

strengthen international education

at Harvard. The Center’s

Regional Office in Santiago represents

an exemplary initiative,

Summers said, which he would

like to replicate “in a dozen

cities around the world, including

Mexico City and São Paulo.”

Guests also had the opportunity

to attend a presentation

on the Allston Initiative, a new

planning effort for the

University’s physical development

in the Boston neighborhood

of Allston over the coming

decades. The Allston project

represents the most profound

transformation of the Harvard

campus since the construction

of the Harvard Business School

on the banks of the Charles

River in the early 1900s.

At the opening banquet,

John Coatsworth announced the

appointment of Kenneth

Maxwell as the Center’s first

Senior Fellow. Maxwell is the

former Nelson and David

Rockefeller Chair of Inter-

American Studies at the Council

on Foreign Relations. A distinguished

historian and essayist,

Maxwell will also hold an

appointment in the History

Department and teach courses

on Brazilian history. His

appointment promises to be a

great boon to the Brazilian

Studies Program.

During the Executive

Session, Advisory Committee

members offered reports on the

Regional Office and the plans for

a presidential visit to Mexico in

March 2005, as well as on the

Center’s 10th anniversary events

to be held in December 2004.

John Coatsworth described a

strategic planning process underway

at the Center, which has

been launched with an internal

review of Center programs and

operations. The review will

provide data for a detailed organizational

case study to be

written with the help of HBS

Professor and DRCLAS

Executive Committee member

James Austin. The Center will

complete a five-year strategic

plan to be discussed at the 2005

DRCLAS founder David Rockefeller at the May 2004 Advisory Committee meeting.

Advisory Committee meeting in

Mexico, the first such meeting to

be held in Latin America.

The weekend concluded

with a series of faculty seminars

featuring members of the

Harvard faculty and Visiting

Professors. In a discussion on

Latin America and the Washington

Consensus, Visiting Professor

Domingo Cavallo and Professor

Roberto Mangabeira Unger

(HLS) addressed the economic

stagnation and persistent

inequality that grip Latin

America, which are commonly

perceived as consequences of

the failure of the Washington

Consensus. Enterprising young

Latin American architects and

public policy specialists presented

the seminar Innovations in

Social Housing in Latin America,

in which they described the

ELEMENTAL project to construct

low-cost housing in

Santiago, Chile. The seminar,

The U.S. Presidential Elections:

Implications for Latin America, featured

a lively discussion among

John Coatsworth, KSG professor

David Gergen, Mexican Visiting

Scholar Soledad Loaeza and

Americas Society President

Susan Segal. Finally, Harvard biologists

Brian Farrell and Edward

O. Wilson discussed Biodiversity

in Latin America: The Case of the

Caribbean, which featured their

documentation of plant and

animal species in the region.

Advisory Committee


Manuel Arango, Mexico

Gastón Azcárraga, Mexico

Pedro Nicolás Baridón, Uruguay

Eneko de Belausteguigoitia, Mexico

Arturo Brillembourg and Hilda Ochoa-

Brillembourg, United States

Roberto P. Cezar de Andrade, Brazil

Gustavo A. and Patricia Phelps de

Cisneros, Venezuela

Eduardo F. Costantini, Argentina

Tony Custer, Peru

Francisco de Sola, El Salvador

Peggy Dulany, United States

John C. Duncan, United States

Agustín E. Edwards, Chile

Juan C. and Mary S. Enríquez,

United States

Angeles Espinosa Yglesias, Mexico

Amalia Lacroze de Fortabat, Argentina

Dionisio Garza Medina, Mexico

Jaime and Raquel Gilinski, Colombia

Roberto Hernández Ramirez, Mexico

Roland A. Hernández, United States

Enrique V. Iglesias, Uruguay

Israel Klabin, Brazil

George W. Landau, United States

Philip Lehner, United States

Jorge Paulo Lemann, Brazil

Andrónico Luksic, Chile

Antonio Madero, Mexico

Martha T. Muse, United States

Ricardo Poma, El Salvador

Pablo A. and Luisa E. Pulido, Venezuela

David Rockefeller, United States

Fernando Romero Moreno, Bolivia

Orlando Sacasa, United States

Julio Mario Santo Domingo, Colombia

Carlos Slim Helú, Mexico

Francisco Soler, El Salvador

Lorenzo D. Weisman, United States

Major Gifts

New contributions to the Center

this year included a major gift of

$1.5 million from Advisory

Committee member Jorge Paulo

Lemann to establish a permanent

endowment for the Brazilian

Studies Program. Developed in

1999, the Program has enabled

the Center to bring scholars and

professors to Harvard and invite

leading public policy makers and

business and philanthropic

leaders to discuss contemporary

issues. The program also supports

a wide range of Brazil-related

activities, including student and

faculty research, student travel

grants and internships, and

Center publications. This generous

commitment from a longtime

friend of the Center assures the

growth and development of

Brazilian Studies at the University

for generations to come.

A number of Advisory

Committee members made significant

new commitments this

year in honor of the Center's

10th anniversary in December

2004. We are deeply grateful to

Arturo and Hilda Ochoa-

Brillembourg, Tony Custer,

Philip Lehner, Ricardo Poma,

Orlando Sacasa, Francisco Soler

and Lorenzo Weisman for

strengthening the Center’s core

endowment for the new decade.

It is with great sadness that

we commemorate this year the

death of Federico Bloch MBA

’79, a Corporate Partner and

true friend of the Center.

Through his generous gifts of

resources and time, he constantly

affirmed his love for

Harvard and his fervent belief in

the future of Central America.

The Center has been the

beneficiary of endowment and

gift funds from a host of

Advisory Committee members

and friends, whose gifts provide

continuous support for the

Center’s activities and programs:

Miguel Aleman

Emilio Azcárraga (†)

Gastón Azcárraga

Federico Bloch MBA ’79 (†)

Arturo AB’68 and Hilda Ochoa

Brillembourg MPA ’72

Estrellita Bograd Brodsky

Arthur Byrnes AB ’67

Gustavo and Patricia Cisneros

Amalia Lacroze de Fortabat

Francisco de Sola AB ’67

Angeles Espinosa Yglesias

Ernesto Fernández-Holmann MPA ’66,

PhD ’68, AMP ’76

Mark B. Fuller AB ’75, MBA ’78, JD ’78

and Jo Froman MBA ’79

Dionisio Garza Medina MBA ’79

Jaime MBA ’80 and Raquel Gilinski

Alejandro AB ’68, Joaquin and Miguel


José Ignacio González MBA ’67

Albert Gordon AB ’23, MBA ’25, LLD ’77

and Mary Gordon Roberts

James AB ’57 and Isabel Hammond

Robert Hildreth AB ’72

Joli Quentin Kansil

Israel Klabin

Carlos Lacayo AMP ’84

Philip Lehner AB ’46

Jorge Paulo Lemann AB ’61

John W. Littlefield, Jr. AB ’76

Andrónico and Patricia Luksic

Antonio Madero MBA ’61

Wilbur Marvin AB ’41 (†)

Ricardo Poma MBA ’70

Lauren Reiss AB ’98, MBA ’03

David Rockefeller SB ’36, LLD ’69

Orlando Sacasa AB ’71, MBA ’78

Adolfo Salume AB ’84, MBA ’85

Julio Mario Santo Domingo

Francisco Soler AB ’67, MBA ’70

Lorenzo Weisman AB ’66


Christopher Reynolds


In May 2004, the Center

received a $25,000 grant from

the Christopher Reynolds

Foundation. The award will help

underwrite the publication of a

new volume in the DRCLAS

Book Series, The Cuban Economy

at the Start of the Twenty-First

Century. Edited by Jorge I.

Domínguez, Omar Everleny

Pérez Villanueva and Lorena

Barberia, this volume examines

lessons learned from recent

reforms and their impact on the

Cuban economy. The book represents

a collaborative effort

between scholars in the United

States and Cuba, all of whom

have spent short-term research

visits at Harvard as part of the

Center’s Cuban Visiting Scholar

Program. The volume will be

distributed by Harvard

University Press and launched at

a special panel session during

the October 2004 Latin

American Studies Association’s

International Congress.

Ford Foundation

The support of a $140,000

grant from the Ford Foundation

enables the Center to advance

cutting-edge research on public

management in education,

applied social policy research on

poverty and health policy

research on HIV/AIDS,

through joint collaboration

between Harvard researchers

and Cuban counterparts. As part

of this collaboration, the Center

organized a two-part research

conference on Poverty, Inequality

and Applied Social Research in

Cambridge (April 2003) and

Havana (January 2004). This

research will be featured in the

new volume, The Cuban Economy

at the Start of the Twenty-First

Century (Edited by Jorge I.

Domínguez, Omar Everleny

20 David Rockefeller Center for Latin American Studies 21

(†) deceased

Pérez Villanueva and Lorena

Barberia). In addition, the Ford

Foundation grant underwrites

an ongoing project on

HIV/AIDS Resource Allocation

between the Instituto de

Medicina Tropical Pedro Kourí,

Harvard Medical School’s

Department of Social Medicine

and the Pan-American Health

Organization on HIV/AIDS

Resource Allocation in the


William and Flora

Hewlett Foundation

The William and Flora Hewlett

Foundation has enabled

DRCLAS to collaborate with

Latin American institutions on

the understanding of real-world

problems and the promotion of

viable policy options in areas

such as equitable economic

growth and democratic governance,

as well as the creation of

new spaces for dialogue about

important societal challenges.

The Hewlett Foundation support

also assisted in the development

of an entirely new institutional

model for Harvard University:

the DRCLAS Regional Office in

Santiago, Chile.

The Hewlett Foundation

contributed to numerous initiatives

that have built partnerships

with local institutions. The

ELEMENTAL project, for

example, is a collaboration of

the Harvard Graduate School of

Design, the Catholic University

of Chile, DRCLAS and other

private and non-governmental

organizations in Chile to

promote innovative designs in

low-cost social housing that will

result in the construction of

housing in Chile for more than

1,500 families. The Hewlett

Foundation also helped

Kennedy School of Government

Professor Andrés Velasco and

his colleagues publish and disseminate

new economic theories

and techniques applied to policy

questions through Economía, the

journal of the Latin American

and Caribbean Economic

Association (LACEA).

Finally, Hewlett Foundation

support helped the Center

create new spaces for dialogue

and collaboration, with scholars

and writers exploring issues of

gender, sexuality and culture at a

conference in Santiago, Chile, as

well as a meeting in Cambridge

of influential actors from business,

government, military and

civil society from Bolivia, Chile

and Peru to discuss opportunities

for mutual gain.

The Andrew W. Mellon


The Program for Latin

American Libraries and

Archives (PLALA) assists

libraries and archives throughout

Latin America to preserve

scarce and endangered documents,

printed works and nonprint

materials, and to make

these resources more accessible

for research. Adherence to international

standards and best

practices is required, ensuring

projects of lasting utility that

also serve as models for other

institutions. The program,

directed by Widener Library’s

Dan Hazen and administered

through DRCLAS, has been in

place for eight years. Start-up

funding from the Mellon

Foundation, in addition to two

renewal grants, have provided

about $2,400,000 in support.

Additional counterpart contributions

have significantly

enlarged this funding pool.

PLALA’s activities focus on

Latin America’s often endangered

recorded heritage. To

date, small grants averaging

about $10,000 have supported

nearly 130 specific projects. A

new category of larger “development”

grants, which will

average approximately $60,000

apiece, will underwrite more

ambitious projects by cooperating

institutions. The Program’s

substantial impact has become

ever more apparent throughout

the region, not least as other

funding agencies have retreated

from this arena.

In addition, the Mellon

Foundation has awarded the

Center a challenge grant of

$500,000 for graduate fellowships

in Latin American history,

art history and related fields.

This generous award will allow

the University to attract the most

talented scholars to doctoral programs

in Latin American Studies,

strengthening the pool of professors

in the field for future

generations of students. The

Mellon Foundation grant

requires the Center to match its

gift with $1 million in new funds.

To date, the Center has raised

over half the required sum.

The Mellon Foundation also

supported the Mellon

Conference in Latin American

History, which took place at

DRCLAS during Spring 2004.

This annual conference brings

together doctoral candidates

and professors of Latin

American History from Harvard

University, Yale University and

the University of Chicago.

22 David Rockefeller Center for Latin American Studies

Corporate Partners

The Center’s Corporate

Partners Program is designed to

provide companies interested in

Latin America with access to

Harvard’s extensive resources.

The program also convenes

scholars, government officials

and business leaders from Latin

America for two executive-level

seminars at Harvard University

each year.

The seventh year of the

Center’s Corporate Partners

Program featured timely seminars

on topics gaining increasing

currency in Latin America. The

Fall 2003 seminar, entitled Doing

Business with Cuba: Today and

Tomorrow, featured internationally

renowned policy makers and

corporate executives who shared

their views on Cuba’s current

political, financial and regulatory

situation, and explored the

underlying assumptions of its

globally unique international

standing. Experts from the economic

and legal sectors provided

a framework for Cuba’s economic

environment and its significance

for U.S. trade relations,

as well as regulations affecting

banking and financial transactions,

and potential investment

opportunities in key sectors of

the country’s economy.

Participants included U.S.

Congressman William Delahunt;

Michael Small, former Canadian

Ambassador to Cuba; and Jay

Brickman, Vice-President of

Crowley Liner Services.

The Spring 2004 seminar,

Free Trade in the Americas: Lessons

and Prospects, featured policy

makers and corporate executives

who shared their views and

experience on the current free

trade debate. A decade since the

launching of NAFTA, and in the

context of current FTAA negotiations,

this seminar examined

opportunities and obstacles in

the efforts to achieve freer trade

in the Western Hemisphere.

Speakers included Advisory

Committee Member Antonio

Madero, President of San Luis

Corporación in Mexico; Susan

Segal, President and CEO of the

Council of the Americas —

Americas Society; Robert

Lawrence, Professor of

International Trade and

Investment (KSG); and Jaime

Serra Puche, former Secretary of

Trade and former Secretary of

Finance of Mexico.

This year, the Program welcomed

the addition of three new

members to its prestigious

partner roster: Grupo Altex, an

agribusiness powerhouse in

Mexico; Fidelity Management &

Research Company, the acting

investment advisor to Fidelity

Investments; and Vitro S.A. de

C.V., Mexico’s largest glassmaker.

The Center is grateful to the

many members of the Corporate

Partners Program for their generous

and critical support, which

enables the Center to fund the

research of Harvard faculty

members on vital topics to guide

informed business decisions in

the region.

Corporate Partners

Program Member


Alfa Corporativo (Mexico)

Banco de Chile (Chile)

Cinemex (Mexico)

Corporación Custer CPG S.A.

Eagle National Bank

El Mercurio (Chile)

Exxon Corporation

Fidelity Management & Research Co.

Grupo Altex (Mexico)

Hill Street Capital

Integrated Finance Limited, LLP

International Bank of Miami

JP Morgan Chase

JP Morgan Private Bank

Petrobras (Brazil)

Strategic Investment Group

Taca International Airlines (El Salvador)

Time Warner, Inc.

UBS Investment Bank

Venevision International (Venezuela)

Vitro S.A. de C.V. (Mexico)

San Cristobal statue in

Santiago, Chile.



All of the Center’s activities

depend on Harvard faculty

interest, participation and governance.

Permanent oversight

and decision-making are carried

out by the Center’s standing

Faculty Committees.

Estatua de San Cristóbal en

Santiago de Chile.



Estátua de São Cristóval em

Santiago do Chile.

Ten senior faculty members who

serve three-year renewable

terms meet with the Director

and Executive Director each

month to advise on Center policies

and operations.

Thomas B. F. Cummins

Dumbarton Oaks Professor of

Pre-Columbian and Colonial Art

History (FAS), Acting Chair

James E. Austin

Elliot I. Snider and Family

Professor of Business

Administration (HBS)

John Coatsworth

Monroe Gutman Professor of Latin

American Affairs (FAS), on leave


Jorge I. Domínguez

Clarence Dillon Professor of

International Affairs (FAS)


William L. Fash

Bowditch Professor of Central

American and Mexican

Archaeology and Ethnology (FAS)

Merilee S. Grindle

Edward S. Mason Professor of

International Development (KSG)

N. Michele Holbrook

Thomas D. Cabot Associate

Professor of Organismic and

Evolutionary Biology (FAS)

on leave, Spring 2004

Doris Sommer

Ira Jewell Williams Jr. Professor

of Romance Languages and

Literatures (FAS)

Michael Starnbach

Associate Professor of

Microbiology and Molecular

Genetics (HMS)

John Womack

Robert Woods Bliss Professor of

Latin American History and

Economics (FAS)



Faculty from eight professional

schools and FAS meet each term

to guide the Center’s development

and to recommend candidates

for the Robert F. Kennedy

Visiting Professorship of Latin

American Studies to the

President of the University.

Seventy-seven members of the

Faculty serve on the Center’s

Policy Committee. Twenty-eight

of them are also members of the

Committee on Latin American

and Iberian Studies (CLAIS),

which coordinates the Center’s

research and curricular programs

that operate within the

Faculty of Arts and Sciences,

including Harvard College and

the Graduate School of Arts and


For a complete listing of

2003-2004 Policy Committee

and CLAIS members, please

visit the Center’s web site. 23

financial statement


July 1, 2003 – June 30, 2004


24 David Rockefeller Center for Latin American Studies

Beginning Balance

Endowments and Gifts $ 672,440

Sponsored Grants 410,130

Income from Endowments

Harvard University


President’s Fund 258,050

Chile International Programmatic Exchange 115,895




Foundations 1,491,366

U.S. Department of Education 526,845

Current Use Gifts 851,913

Corporate Partners Program 165,444

Publications 42,785

Total Income $6,240,331


Administration $ 629,966

Publications 368,440

Events, Programs and Committees 1,834,394

Student Fellowships and Research Travel Grants 557,757

Faculty Research and Curriculum Grants 186,642

Visiting Fellows, Scholars, Professors 541,065

Restricted Grant Income Carried Forward 2,055,951*

Total Expenses $6,174,216

Balance $ 66,115

* This item includes the balance of funds from the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation for grants to Latin American

Libraries and Archives and fellowships in Latin American history, the five-year Lemann Fund for Brazilian

Studies, the Iglesias fund for the Cuauhtinchan codex project, endowment income for the Robert F. Kennedy

Visiting Professorship, and several smaller funds already committed to future expenses.


John H. Coatsworth

Director (on leave)

Thomas B. F. Cummins

Acting Director

James Cavallaro

Co-Acting Interim Executive


Steve Reifenberg

Co-Acting Interim Executive

Director; Program Director,

Regional Office

David Kupferschmidt

Executive Director

Melba Abreu

Director of Finance & Technology

Jeanne Alberts

Conferences and Events


Jason Aslakson

Information Technology Support


Lorena Barberia

Program Associate

June Carolyn Erlick

Director of Publications

Irene Gándara

Financial Associate

Erin Goodman

Student Services Coordinator

Neida M. Jiménez

Program Manager

Virginia Jokisch/Edwin Ortiz

Office Manager

Verónica Martini

Research Associate,

Corporate Partners Program

Cynthia McDermott

Financial Analyst

Alejandra Mendez/

Ana María Camus

Program Assistant,

Regional Office

Josiane Peltier

Program Manager,

Sponsored Programs

Marcela Rentería

Program Officer, Regional Office

Yadira Rivera

Program Assistant

Aníbal Sepúlveda

Student Program Coordinator,

Regional Office

Ellen M. Sullivan

Associate Director

©2004 President and Fellows of Harvard College

Design: Moore Moscowitz, Brookline

Production Management: Erin Goodman, Verónica Martini

Production Assistance: Edwin Ortiz

Photography: José Luis Falconi, except where noted. Cover, pp. 4, 11 and 23

courtesy of Harvard College student Laura Troyani ’05, participant in the

DRCLAS Regional Office Study Abroad Program; p. 15 courtesy of Assistant

Professor Kathleen Donohue of the Department of Organismic and

Evolutionary Biology; p. 18 courtesy of Partners In Health, photo by Quy Ton.

Student Assistants

Student Regional and

Program Coordinators

Laura Batt, GSE, IFCLAS

Committee Coordinator

Kelly Becker, Brazil Initiative

Coordinator, Harvard Extension


José Luis Falconi, GSAS, Art

Forum Coordinator

Daniel Gutiérrez, GSAS, History

Workshop Coordinator

Luis Ojeda, KSG, Internship


Eduardo Peinado, KSG, Andean

Region Initiative Coordinator

Germán Treviño, GSE, Mexico

Initiative Coordinator

Student Interns and


Natalia Abecasis

Sabrina De Abreu, Harvard


Amanda Austin, HLS

Tara Binetti, GSE

Rebecca Cantu, Harvard College

Carol DeShano da Silva, GSE

Pamela Domínguez

Cynthia Fernandez,

Harvard College

Ana Florez, GSE

Fausto González-Taveras,

Harvard College

Nathan Heller, Harvard College

Laura Laver, American University

Nínive Machado

Peter Macon, University of

San Francisco

José Luis Minas, The English

High School

Marian Morea

Henry Myer, Cambridge Rindge

and Latin School

Sonia Torrico, Harvard College

Laura Troyani, Harvard College

Angelica Vega, GSE

Natalia Vairo

Russell Weinstein,

Harvard College

David Villarreal, Harvard College

Mark Zuckerberg,

Harvard College

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