physics and astronomy - School of Physics and Astronomy - The ...

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physics and astronomy - School of Physics and Astronomy - The ...

physics andastronomyundergraduate brochure 2011www.manchester.ac.uk/physicsengineering andphysical sciences


the facts• One of the largest and most respected schools ofPhysics and Astronomy in Britain with top ratingsfor both teaching and research• Guaranteed accommodation for all first-years• Recent £60 million extension and refurbishment ofthe Physics buildings creating state-of-the-art facilities• 4 million books in one of the UK’s best universitylibraries• 99% student satisfaction – the best rating for anyEnglish Physics department• Best careers service in the UK• Jodrell Bank Observatory, renowned centre forradio astronomy, is part of our SchoolThe UK’s largest students’ union• Well-equipped laboratories, including rooftopoptical and radio telescopes• The most popular university – with moreundergraduate applications than any other Britishuniversity


With a distinguished history of academicachievement and an ambitious agenda for thefuture, The University of Manchester offers youa learning experience rooted in a rich educationalheritage and boosted by cutting-edge researchand innovation – all at the heart of one of theworld’s most vibrant cities.the universityInnovativeOur tradition of success in learning and researchstretches back over 180 years. The birth of themodern computer, the splitting of the atom, thefounding principles of present-day economics – allthese and many more world-changing innovationshave their roots here, at The University of Manchester.DistinguishedRated third in the UK in terms of ‘research power’ inthe last Research Assessment Exercise, we enjoy aglobal reputation for our pioneering research, whichinforms our problem-based approach to undergraduatelearning. More than 5,800 academic and researchstaff – many leaders in their fields, with internationalreputations – provide stimulating learningenvironments and excellent standards of teaching.Internationally renownedSince 2005, the University has risen 12 places in theinfluential Academic Ranking of World UniversitiesSurvey conducted by Shanghai Jiao-Tong University,from 53rd to 41st in the world, and seventh in Europe– confirming us as a progressive and world-classteaching and research institution.AmbitiousOur mission is to become one of the world’s top 25universities by 2015 and the preferred destination forthe best teachers, researchers and students. It’s a goalthat we’re well on the way to achieving, backed by amajor investment programme in facilities, staff andbuildings.CosmopolitanOur campus is home to more than 37,000 studentsfrom around 150 countries, and based within acity with a long tradition of welcoming andcelebrating diversity.2


www.manchester.ac.uk/physicsExcellence in teaching and learningThe international reputation of the School rests equallyon its teaching and its research, with the diversity andexcellence of our research reflected in the quality of theteaching and the range of topics available toundergraduates. We have a steady influx of new researchphysicists and teachers, and continually revise ourteaching and research activities. Staff from the Schoolhave written The Manchester Physics Series, a set of 14undergraduate textbooks published by Wiley, which havesold over a quarter of a million copies worldwide. BrianCox, the presenter of many Horizon and other scientificTV programmes, was originally an undergraduate on ourcourse, and is now a professor in our School.tutorials. Tutorials are one of the reasons why staffstudentrelations in the School are lively and informal.In the latest National Student Survey, our studentsreturned a score of 99% for overall satisfaction – thehighest for any Physics department in the country.Students are represented on the committees thatsupervise the teaching activities of the School. Wealso encourage new undergraduates to participate inthe social, sporting, musical and other events that areorganised by student societies within the School. Suchevents provide an excellent opportunity for informalstaff-student contact.Manchester has the only Physics department in theUK to be both in the top five for the volume of worldleadingand internationally excellent research, and tohave the maximum rating for teaching and studentsupport, as reported by the RAE and QAAGovernment assessment panels respectively.Each year, we take in about 250 new undergraduateand 70 new postgraduate students. There are more than80 members of the academic staff and more than 100research fellows and associates. Our good staff-studentratio enables us to provide an unusually wide range oflecture course units and allows teaching in small group5


Contact with industry is important for a physics school.Our research activities have continually attractedindustrial support. A number of sponsorships andsummer job placements are normally available withcompanies that collaborate with our research teams.Visiting daysWhere practical, promising applicants will be invited toattend one of our visiting days, which are held regularlybetween October and March. These start with registrationand a buffet lunch, and give you the opportunity to seethe School at first hand, to ask questions and to meetmembers of staff and current students.You will also have an informal 30-minute interviewwith a member of staff. This will help us determinethe most appropriate offer. Your parents can alsoattend the visiting day and we arrange a separateprogramme for them.Scholarships and bursariesStudents in the School of Physics and Astronomy areeligible for scholarships that can be awarded inaddition to those offered by the University (see page 31).These scholarships currently offer up to £2,000 to allnew students (including those from overseas) whoachieve three A grades at A-level (excluding GeneralStudies), or the equivalent in other national orinternational qualifications.The Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences isoffering scholarships of £2,000 per year for the mosthighly qualified international undergraduate students.All international students who are holding an offer of aplace within the Faculty will be automatically consideredfor a scholarship. For details of eligibility, see:www.manchester.ac.uk/eps/intscholThe majority of our students receive some financialaward, with the average amount being around £2,200.Teaching, learning and assessmentPhysics is a living subject with all the excitement of newdiscoveries and new ideas. There is the intellectualsatisfaction of understanding the difficult concepts ofquantum theory and relativity, the challenge ofunderstanding everyday physical phenomena and thesatisfaction of building and using scientific apparatus.Our courses provide a secure foundation in the basicprinciples of classical and quantum physics from both atheoretical and an experimental viewpoint. And,because of the diversity of interests of a large School,we are able to make available a wide range of options,from computing to theoretical physics. Anundergraduate physics degree at Manchester thereforeembraces a broad range of topics that are bothpractically useful and intellectually stimulating.All aspects of our teaching programme are monitoredby student questionnaires, which provide valuablefeedback to the individual teacher and to the Schoolas a whole. As a large School, we can deploy ourteaching resources in many ways and, wheneverpossible, we use this flexibility to enhance andimprove the courses.The academic year at Manchester starts in lateSeptember and is divided into two semesters, eachwith 12 weeks of teaching, plus several more for studyand examinations. Most lecture course units comprise24 lectures over a single semester. Examinationsnormally take place in late January and in May/June.A typical teaching week in the first year consists of 12lectures, a physics tutorial, a mathematics tutorial, aphysics and mathematics workshop and one day in thelaboratory. A well-organised routine of private study isessential for a deep understanding of the new ideasthat emerge as the course develops. To encourage this,example sheets are issued at regular intervals, and theseoften form the basis for discussions in the tutorials.Assessment in the first two years is mainly by writtenexaminations, with about 25% of the total marks from6


www.manchester.ac.uk/physicscontinuous assessment. The fraction of continuallyassessed work rises in the third and fourth years.LecturesThe lecturer describes – often with the aid ofdemonstrations – the basic principles of the subjectand provides the information essential for its properunderstanding. Of course, lecturing styles differ widelyand are often influenced by the size of the class. Acore lecture to more than 200 students may well bemore formal than a lecture on an option course unit to20 students, but nevertheless healthy discussion oftendevelops, particularly at the end of the lecture. Moststudents find that the lectures are indispensable toacquiring a good understanding of the subject.At Manchester, we have a policy that members ofstaff lecture a particular subject for at most six years,so each subject gets a regular spring clean.TutorialsA tutorial is a weekly meeting between small group ofstudents and a member of the academic staff, or aresearch scientist. It provides an informal setting for anexchange of views, problems, opinions and information;an occasion when you can discuss physics problems withyour tutor and with fellow students. In particular,tutorials deal with the examples sheets on the lecturecourse units. The tutorial is not only an important part ofthe education process, but also one of the avenues forestablishing student-staff relationships. In the first year,you have tutorials in both physics and mathematics.In addition to tutorials, there are weekly workshopswhere you will work in groups with the support of amember of staff and two assistants.The tutorial system is augmented by our TeachingHelp Service, which also allows you to come and haveone-on-one tuition with a member of staff as andwhen themed arises.Laboratory workStudents work in pairs in the teaching laboratory andmay select from a wide range of experiments. Somedevelop practical skills and experimental techniques,while others demonstrate the existence of physicalphenomena. You have the opportunity to gainexperience with modern equipment such as lasers,computers and low-temperature cryostats.Demonstrators provide guidance and encouragement toexplore the various facets of the experiment. The abilityto communicate clearly and persuasively is also importantand, to encourage this, the results of each experimentare discussed with a member of staff, and several of theexperiments are presented as written reports.In your first year, the experiments generally last two orthree working days. By the third and fourth years, theybecome more extensive and sophisticated projects,which typically take around 20 days. Some of thefourth-year projects involve working with the School’sresearch groups. These projects can extend to 40 daysand can, on occasion, lead to the publication of aresearch paper. Thus, there is ample opportunity for youto develop the skills of a good experimental physicist.Above all, you are encouraged to think for yourself.ComputingAs part of the laboratory work, we teach you how touse computers to help analyse data and write essays andreports. There is also a second-year core course unit oncomputing, and further option course units are availablefor those who want to gain additional expertise. TheSchool has more than 200 computers for student use.All students are given a computer account, allowingyou to use the School’s and the University’s facilitiesfor email, text preparation and library searches. Thereis full access to the internet.7


course detailsEntry requirementsOur entrance requirements and the offer we make toyou are designed to ensure that you have thenecessary background knowledge, together with theability and commitment to do well on the course.Applications for all our first degree courses should bemade through the Universities and CollegesAdmissions Service (UCAS). In most cases, aconditional offer is made on the basis of theinformation supplied in the UCAS application,together with the result of an interview.The most common route into our degree courses isthrough A-levels, but we welcome students holdingany equivalent qualifications. We emphasise that eachapplication is considered separately on its own meritsand each offer is individual.For full entry requirements, see:www.manchester.ac.uk/ugcoursesPhysics BSc 3yrsUCAS Code F300Physics MPhys 4yrsUCAS Code F305Physics with Astrophysics BSc 3yrsUCAS Code F3F5Physics with Astrophysics MPhys 4yrsUCAS Code F3FAPhysics with Philosophy BSc 3yrsUCAS Code F3V5Physics with Philosophy MPhys 4yrsUCAS Code F3VMPhysics with Study in Europe MPhys 4yrsUCAS Code F301Physics with Theoretical Physics BSc 3yrsUCAS Code F345Physics with Theoretical Physics MPhys 4yrsUCAS Code F346Mathematics and Physics BSc 3yrsUCAS Code FG31Mathematics and Physics MMath&Phys 4yrsUCAS Code FG3CTypical offerA-level: A*AA-AAAIB: 38-36For full details of our entry requirements visitwww.manchester.ac.uk/ugcoursesMature studentsWe welcome applications from mature students; wewould look for evidence that you would be able toachieve success on a demanding, full-time course. Youmay find it helpful to contact our admissions tutor foradvice before submitting an application through UCAS.Deferred entrySome students benefit from a year away fromacademic work between school and university.Accordingly, we welcome applications fromprospective students who wish to defer entry to theUniversity for one academic year.Professional Accreditation– Institute of PhysicsOur courses are all accredited by the Institute ofPhysics, the professional body for physicists in the UK,and all undergraduates are offered free membershipof the Institute.Which course?At Manchester, we offer a wide variety of degreecourses, allowing you to choose between a degreewith Honours in Physics and a combination of Physicswith some other specialisation. However, even in ourstraight Physics degree course, there is considerableflexibility and a large range of option course units.There are four-year courses leading to the degree ofMPhys with Honours (Master of Physics), which runalongside our three-year Schooners courses. TheMPhys and BSc courses have identical structures inyears one and two.The UCAS codes for our courses are shown in the listopposite. You need not apply for more than onedegree course, since it is possible to transfer8


www.manchester.ac.uk/physicsapplications between them at any time up to the startof the course. On entry, students normally register forthe four-year course, but keep the option ofgraduating after three years with a BSc degree. Thisdecision is normally taken at the beginning of thethird year, with progression to MPhys dependent ongood performance in examinations.The Physics course and all ‘Physics with’ courses arebased on a core of course units, with the differentcourses distinguished by the units that supplementthe core. Because the core is common, students onboth ‘Physics with’ courses and the Mathematics andPhysics course have the option of transferring toHonours Physics at any time up to the start of theirfinal year. Transfer from our Mathematics and Physicsdegree course into straight Honours Mathematics ispossible at the end of the first year, provided that asufficient standard has been achieved in that subject.ThePhysics with’ courses comprise approximatelytwo-thirds core physics, with the remainder of thematerial being in the appropriate specialisation.Mathematics and Physics is a Joint Honours course,split approximately 50:50 between the two subjects.Our degree courses prepare you for employment asscientifically aware graduates in research, industry,commerce and education. You will develop the abilityto communicate clearly and confidently, to analysecomplex problems, to describe events using preciseterms, to use modern technology with confidenceand to have an understanding of the principlesunderlying technology.The MPhys degreeIn relation to the BSc, the MPhys is an enhancedcourse designed to produce graduates who are moreself-reliant, more experienced and more scientificallyaware. The fourth year provides more opportunitiesfor you to show initiative, to learn independently, todo research and to gather information.In addition, you have the opportunity to join theUniversity’s ‘Enterprise Programme’, in which you cantest and develop your entrepreneurial skills byworking on a technology-transfer project.The qualification for continuation on the four-yearcourse is a mark above 55% (60% for Physics withStudy in Europe) in second-year examinations and amark above 50% in third-year examinations. The highacademic standards at Manchester enable our BScand MPhys graduates to compete effectively forpostgraduate studentships.Study in North America and AustraliaStudents in the Honours Schools of Physics, Physicswith Astrophysics and Physics with Theoretical Physicsmay have the opportunity of studying for part of theircourse at one of several universities abroad. TheUniversity of Manchester has a number of exchangepartners across the world and it encourages studentsto spend time at these universities, where their courseallows it. Physics has arrangements whereby studentscan spend the second semester of the second year atthe University of Sydney, or the third year of theMPhys at the University of California. Physics studentshave also studied at the Australian National University,the universities of Toronto and Illinois, and theNational University of Singapore.Decisions are normally made in the academic yearbefore the proposed period of study abroad. There isno need to specify this option on your UCASapplication form.It also allows you to undertake projects, whichprovide insight into the nature of research inexperimental or theoretical physics, and to studytopics in advanced physics in depth.9


student profilesRIEUL GENDRONThe University of Manchester wasmy first choice becauseI knew it is at the forefront ofastronomy research, and that’ssomething I've been interested inmy whole life. Also, the undergraduate prospectusgave me an excellent idea about the Physics courseand the large variety of options I could choosefrom, as well as what student life is like inManchester and where I could go for help.I'm at the end of my first year now. Coming fromthe Seychelles, life is very different here. TheUniversity has excellent facilities to helpinternational students settle in. The School ofPhysics and Astronomy provided me with a mentoras well, which made it even easier. The lecturersalways make time for my questions and there aretutorials and workshops to guide us outside oflectures, so I feel like I've had guidance andsupport from the very beginning. I was surprisedwhen I won one of the Faculty’s InternationalExcellence Undergraduate Scholarships this year!There is so much to do in Manchester. It's a city foreveryone. You can find many types of restaurants,science museums, sports facilities, clubs, societies,etc. My life has definitely become a lot richer andfuller since I've come to study here.CLAIRE BURKEI love being a student at TheUniversity of Manchester andchose to come here first becauseof the exemplary Physics BSc degree course,which covers all the topics that interest me,including modern physics, such as relativity andquantum mechanics. The University facilities areexcellent and the School of Physics and Astronomyhas links with other major research centres, suchas Jodrell Bank and CERN, so the teaching isalways up-to-date. As a prospective student, Ifound the friendly academic staff very helpful andinformative and I still find that the students arewell looked after by tutors and mentors.Apart from the academic side, Manchester is agreat city with the largest student population inthe country, meaning that student deals areeverywhere. Manchester is a great place for acheap night out, and the Students’ Union catersto just about any other activity that you may wantto do with your spare time. Since Manchester is acity university, the halls of residence are only ashort distance from the University and the centreof town, so it is very easy to get around.When I finish my degree, I plan to stay and dofurther study, and hopefully do research inastrophysics.PHIL BULLChoosing to study physics atManchester was one of the bestdecisions I ever made. Physics is asrewarding as it is challenging, andI honestly think that there's nobetter place to study it than here.The School of Physics certainly lives up to itsreputation. Many of the lecturers here are involved infront-line research and they're more than happy toshare the details of their work with you. I've foundthat their lectures, combined with weekly workshopsand lab sessions, have delivered a wide range ofinteresting and fundamental physics knowledge.The University offers a wide range of scholarships andbursaries too, and I was lucky enough to receive thePresident's Award, worth £10,000 a year!Since coming to Manchester, I've made lots of greatfriends, been to plenty of gigs, sampled my fair shareof pubs, bars and restaurants, and I still feel that I'veonly seen a fraction of what this city has to offer. Evenfour years here won't be enough!10


www.manchester.ac.uk/physicsLORA IOANNOUEveryone says that the best years ofyour life are those that you spendstudying at university. Finishing thethird year of my undergraduatedegree at The University of Manchester, I can assure youthat this is not a lie. Manchester provides everythingone could ask for – a strong and recognisable degreeand a once-in-a lifetime student life experience.When choosing The University of Manchester, I mainlyhad in mind the excellent educational standards and theopportunity to achieve a degree with a high reputationthroughout the world. Studying for a physics degreehere is definitely an advantage due to the excellentacademics and, of course, the facilities of the School.Living here, you have the opportunity to experience boththe vibrant Manchester city, as well as the charms of auniversity campus. It would be unjust not to mention thevariety of clubs, bars, pubs and restaurants that can befound here, ready to satisfy every taste, from a quietmeal to a big night out. What I personally appreciatemost in Manchester is the multicultural nature of thecity, which is ideal to help an international student suchas myself feel at home.PETER MILLINGTONSince arriving in Manchesterto study physics, I haven'tlooked back. The Universityand, in particular, theSchool of Physics andAstronomy have fantastic reputations for bothteaching and research. The course was an evenmixture of theory and practical work and, withresources such as the Jodrell Bank Observatoryin Cheshire, it had to be top on my list. Mostimportantly, however, it was obvious that thestaff in the School cared a great deal about theirstudents – a first impression that couldn't havebeen more right.Manchester had everything I could ask for: thecity is big, but it doesn't feel impersonal;there's music everywhere; and if you thinkyou've done, seen and eaten everything, thenyou haven't looked hard enough. Manchesterand this University have so much on offer; I ambusy every second, doing loads of differentthings from playing with liquid helium, todirecting a gospel choir… and I wouldn’t haveit any other way.SOPHIE MORTONI chose to come to Manchester as I wanted to havethe opportunity to study abroad, and the Physicswith Study in Europe course has given me thechance to do that.My physics teacher at school had recommended itas one of the best universities for physics, and I hadthe choice of several continental universities atwhich to study in my third year.I also wanted to go to university in a big city with agood nightlife and lots of things to do outside ofacademic work, and from previous visits toManchester I decided it was a great place to be astudent.I love the social aspectof Manchester; with thenumerous societies,there is one to suiteverybody. The nightlifeis great and there are lotsof good places to eatout, especially the Curry Mile and Chinatown.Since university, I have been offered a graduateposition with Airbus Industries in Bristol inStructures Engineering.11


course detailsCareer opportunitiesIn designing our degree courses, we strike a balancebetween training for industry and research, and ageneral education in the most fundamental of thesciences. We aim to provide an intellectuallydemanding course, which is sufficiently flexible tomeet the needs of a wide range of future careers. Wework closely with the University’s Careers Service inhelping undergraduates explore the job market.More employers visit the Manchester campus thanany other university; indeed the recent Signposts toEmployability Report identifies graduates from TheUniversity of Manchester as the most sought-after inthe country.Most of our graduates make direct use of theirknowledge of physics in their future employment, butmany go into computing, management, accountancyand marketing, where the analytical and technicalskills developed in the course are highly valued.The table on the right gives the most recent statisticsfor destinations of our graduates, at six months aftergraduation. As the table shows, usually about 20% ofour graduates go directly to scientific technical andcomputing posts, 30% to finance and management,40% to postgraduate training and research, andabout five percent go overseas. Usually more than95% of our graduates find permanent employmentsoon after graduation.Graduate destinationsScientific, Technical and ComputingFor example: BAe Systems, British Gas, BritishTelecom, Cisco Systems, ESSO, GEC Marconi Avionics,IBM, ICI, Meteorological Office, NNC, QinetiQ, RAF,Sharp Electronics, TDK, UKAE, VodafoneBSc 15% MPhys 25%Finance and ManagementFor example: Accenture, British Airways, DeutscheBank, J P Morgan, KPMG, Merrill Lynch,PricewaterhouseCoopers, The Co-operative Bank,Barclays Bank, HSBCBSc 41% MPhys 23%Postgraduate training and researchBSc 35% MPhys 42%PhD BSc (3%) MPhys (31%)MSc BSc (21%) MPhys (6%)Other diplomas, etc BSc (11%) MPhys (5%)Other BSc 9% MPhys 10%12


www.manchester.ac.uk/physicsPhysicsThe study of Physics is an attemptto understand everything that wecan observe and measure in theuniverse, from the infinitesimallysmall, to the infinitely large; fromthe beginning of the universe in theBig Bang, to its ultimate fate.What you studyThe Honours School of Physics has a ‘core plus option’structure, which allows you to devote about 20% ofyour time in the first three years to topics chosen froma wide range of options made available by the Schoolof Physics and Astronomy and other schools of theUniversity. In your first and second years, the physicscore provides a foundation in classical physics throughcourse units in dynamics, waves, electromagnetismand thermodynamics. At the same time, you areintroduced to concepts such as the unification ofspace and time, the meaning of wave-particle dualityand the relation between entropy and disorder.This introduction is taught through course units inspecial relativity, quantum mechanics and statisticalmechanics. These concepts and the techniques ofclassical physics are essential for the understanding ofmolecules, atoms, nuclei, quarks and leptons,condensed matter, solid state electronic devices,electromagnetic radiation, lasers, stars andcosmology, all of which can be studied in detail inyour third and fourth years.Honours Physics students typically choose a variety ofsubjects from different streams to suit their interests.Generally speaking, any suitable course unit from anyschool of the University may be taken as an option,provided that the timetable allows it. Your personaltutor helps you to select options, and guidance is alsoavailable from the results of student questionnaires onthe course units. You are usually free to change anyoption course unit choice within the first twoteaching weeks of the course.In the fourth year of the MPhys course, you tackletwo projects, one in each of semesters seven andeight. There is usually a choice of more than 50fourth-year projects, and in previous years they haveincluded topics such as ‘Measurements of Radon fromAir Samples in Derbyshire Caves’, ‘Cosmic rayextensive air showers’, ‘Quantum Chaology’ and‘Calibration of the b-jet energy scale using FP420detectors at the LHC’.The detailed structure of the third and fourth years foran MPhys student is individually tailored in discussionwith your personal tutor, who is a member of staffdedicated to advising and supporting you through thecourse of your degree.The course units are grouped together into various‘streams’, to allow you to choose either a coordinatedset of courses on a particular theme, or to mix andmatch to sample a wider range of topics. The table onpages 14 and 15 shows how the core and optioncourse units fit into the streams.13


The following table shows the course units that are available in each semester.KeyCore course unitsOption course unitsStream S1 S2 S3 S4 S5 S6 S7 S8ClassicalandQuantumMechanicsDynamics,QuantumPhysicsandRelativityVibrationsandWavesIntroductiontoQuantumMechanicsVector Spacesfor QuantumMechanicsApplicationsof QuantumMechanicsAdvancedAdvanced QuantumMechanics QuantumMechanics 1 (M) 1AdvancedQuantumMechanics 2QuantumField TheoryPhysics ofFluids,GaugeTheoriesElectricityandMagnetismTheoreticalPhysicsLight andOpticsRandomProcesses inPhysicsElectricityandMagnetismAdvancedDynamicsLagrangianDynamicsComplexVariables andIntegralTransformsElectromagnetismElectromagneticRadiation,ElectrodynamicsIntroductionto NonlinearPhysicsAdvancedStatisticalPhysics,Symmetriesin PhysicsCondensedMatterPhysicsPropertiesof MatterThermal and Thermal Solid StateStatistical Physics ofSolidPhysics,StatePhysics, Bose and SemiconductorPhysicsFundamentals Fermi Gases Quantumof Solid StateSemiconductorStructuresPhysicsQuantumStructuresSoft MatterPhysics,SuperconductorsandSuperfluidsFrontiers ofSolid StatePhysicsNuclearPhysicsParticlePhysicsPhysics ofEnergySourcesIntroduction NuclearNuclearto Nuclear Physics,Physicsand Particle AppliedIntroduction Physics NuclearAppliedPhysicsto NuclearNuclear Physicsand ParticlePhysics Particle PhysicsAdvances inNuclearPhysicsFrontiers ofParticlePhysics 1Frontiers ofParticlePhysics 2AstrophysicsIntroductiontoAstrophysicsandCosmologyPhysics ofthe SolarSystemGalaxiesHigh EnergyAstrophysicsInterstellarMedium,NuclearFusion andAstrophysicalPlasmasCosmology,Cosmology Stars andStellarEvolution,MolecularClouds Stars and andStar Stellar FormationEvolutionRadioAstronomy,GravitationEarly Universe,GalaxyFormationTechnologicalPhysics andPhotonicsDigitalElectronics, DigitalElectronicsCircuitsAmplifiers Wave Optics,and Feedback IntroductionWave Opticsto PhotonicsLasers andPhotonicsInstrumentationinOptoelectronicSystemsLaser Photomedicine,LaserTechnologyHolographyand ImagingPhysics inEveryday LifeIntroductionto Photonics14


www.manchester.ac.uk/physicsKeyCore course unitsOption course unitsStream S1 S2 S3 S4 S5 S6 S7 S8Mathematics Mathematics1ComputingLaboratoryOtherPhysicsEarth andAtmosphericScienceBiologicalScienceHistory ofScienceEconomicsEnterpriseWidercurriculumComputingand DataAnalysisFirst YearLaboratorySpecial Topicsin PhysicsPlanet EarthScience andthe ModernWorldMathematics2First YearLaboratoryEarthResources,Introductionto PlanetaryScienceIntroductionto BiologicalPhysicsTechnologiesof EverydayLifeMicroeconomicPrinciples,UK Economy:MicroeconomicsMacroeconomicPrinciples,UKEconomy:MacroeconomicsMathematicsof Waves andFieldsIntroductionto Geometry,PropositionalLogic,FluidMechanicsIntroduction Computerto Techniques inProgramming Physics,in C TheoryComputingProjectSecond YearLaboratoryReal-WorldProblemSolvingGlobalTechtonics,Physics of theAtmospherePhysics ofLivingProcessesEconomics forEnvironmentalManagementViscous FluidFlow,ElasticitySecondSecondYearYear Third YearLaboratory,LaboratoryLaboratoryAdditionalLaboratory AdditionalLaboratory ProjectProjectResearchMasterclassDissertationGeophysical MeteorologyTechniques andAtmosphericPhysicsEvolutionaryand PopulationGenetics,Introduction toCurrent Topicsin BiologyIntroductionto FinancialMathematicsFrankensteinto the Matrix:ScienceFiction andFilmOperationalResearch,BusinessEconomics1AEntrepreneurial Entrepreneurial Tools andSkills A Skills B Techniquesfor EnterpriseCareerManagementSkillsManchesterLeadershipProgrammeInterdisciplinarySustainableDevelopmentMathematicalMethods forPhysics,Number Theory:The RiemannZeta Function,WavesProgrammingin C++,QuantumComputingThird YearLaboratoryPhysics andRealityComparativePlanetology,Climate andEnergyPhysics ofMedicalImaging,GeneticEngineeringThe NuclearAge: FromHiroshima toNuclearTerrorismBusinessEconomics 1B,MathematicalModeling ofFinanceAdvancedTechnologyEnterpriseManchesterLeadershipProgramme,Group ProjectWorkProjectEnterpriseStrategy andMarketingProjectClouds,Aerosols andAtmosphericProcessesBiomaterialsPhysicsEnterpriseFeasibility15


course detailsPhysics with AstrophysicsPhysics with Astrophysics is designed for you ifyou want to obtain a solid grounding in physics,but you are also fascinated by astronomy andwant to pursue this interest at university level.Astrophysics involves the application of the laws ofphysics to distant regions, which cannot directly beaccessed by man-made apparatus, and in which thephysical conditions can only be inferred from theelectromagnetic radiation that is emitted.What you studyDuring the course, you learn about the sun and thesolar system, the stars and the galaxy, distant galaxiesand quasars and the beginning of the universe in theBig Bang. You learn how to apply basic physics insituations that are often extreme compared withthose available on Earth. The astrophysics coursetherefore aims to provide a broad knowledge of manyparts of physics.Each year, about 40 students enter our Physics withAstrophysics course. Many of the staff membersteaching the course are associated with Jodrell Bank,the University’s major international centre forastrophysics, which is part of the School of Physicsand Astronomy. The close link with Jodrell Bank hasled to a series of radio astronomical experiments,which are particularly well suited for student work.Physics with Astrophysics students usually perform atleast two sets of observations at Jodrell Bank itself. Adedicated undergraduate radio observatory based ona seven-metre telescope enables you to make yourown observations.As well as using the radio telescope at Jodrell Bank,Manchester astronomers observe in all parts of thespectrum using telescopes around the world and inspace. A dedicated student optical observatory at theSchool of Physics and Astronomy, fitted with a lightsensitivecharge-coupled device, provides a widerange of opportunities for you to make observations.Course structureAs a Physics with Astrophysics student, you take thesame core physics course units as Honours Physicsstudents and follow the Astrophysics option stream. It istherefore easy to transfer to Honours Physics at any stageduring the first three years of the course. The astrophysicscontent (including laboratory work) in the first year is 15to 20% and this increases in the second year. In the thirdand fourth years, you begin to specialise and significantlymore of the course is directly related to astrophysics.There is flexibility in the later years and you may chooseto pursue those aspects that interest you most. In total,about 30% of the course is astrophysics-related.In addition to the laboratory experiments that areavailable to all physics students, there are dedicatedastrophysics experiments, and there is a series ofastronomy experiments based at Jodrell Bank. Youanalyse data taken with the 76-metre Lovelltelescope, personally use a 13-metre radio telescopeto take measurements on pulsars and you run anumber of experiments on the seven-metre telescopeof the dedicated undergraduate radio observatoryAstrophysics lecture courses• Introduction to Astrophysics and Cosmology:A concise introduction to the universe, startingwith the solar system and ending with cosmology.• Physics of the Solar System: The physics of energygeneration in the sun; the orbits of planets andartificial satellites; planetary atmospheres and thegreenhouse effect; the origin of the solar system.• Galaxies: The properties of galaxies and theirevolution; clusters of galaxies; theories of galaxyformation.• High Energy Astrophysics: The physics of activegalactic nuclei and quasars; pulsars; x-ray binarysystems; cosmic rays and their origin.• Gravitation: An introduction to Einstein’s theoryof gravity and the geometry of the universe.• Stars and Stellar Evolution: The physics ofnuclear reactions; energy transport in stars; stellartypes and stellar evolution; end products such assupernovae and neutron stars.16


www.manchester.ac.uk/physicsThe Interstellar Medium: An introduction to thephysics and chemistry of the interstellar mediumand the life cycle of matter.• Radio Astronomy: The radio universe; radiotelescopes; mechanisms of radio emission.• Cosmology: The Big Bang model; dynamics of theuniverse; measuring the universe; cosmicmicrowave background.• Galaxy Formation: Growth of large-scale structure;important physical processes in galaxy formation;galaxy dynamics; the intergalactic medium.• The Early Universe: The standard model ofcosmology including inflation, cosmic strings,structure formation, the cosmic microwavebackground, and dark energy.• Nuclear Fusion and Astrophysical Plasmas:Magnetohydrodynamics; fusion plasmas; space andastrophysical plasmas.Astrophysics experimentsFirst year• Orbits, Stars and Asteroids• Quasars• Globular Star Clusters• Solar Flares and SunspotsSecond year• Hydrogen Gas in the Galaxy• Solar Radio Interferometer• The Distance to the Hyades Cluster• The Orbit of the MoonThird year• Weighing a Galaxy• The Hydrogen Content and the Mass of M33• An Introduction to Radio Telescopes and PulsarAstronomy• Numerical Simulation of Galactic Collapse• Observations with an Optical Telescope and CCDAstrophysics projectsIn the fourth MPhys year, the course involves twoprojects, each running for a full semester. Projectscurrently available include:• A study of supernova remnants in Messier 82• Neutral hydrogen study in the spiral galaxy NGC5033• Computer simulations in astronomy• Observing with the undergraduate optical telescope• Cosmic ray extensive air showers• Experiments with a microwave radiometer• Separating the cosmic microwave background fromour galaxy• Shepherd moons• Finding new clusters of young stars• Circumstellar nebula of nova GK Persei• Lunar occultation of the Crab Nebula and Pulsar.Career opportunitiesThere is no danger of employers finding a Physics withAstrophysics degree too esoteric. Since the coursecovers the core of basic physics, Manchester Physicswith Astrophysics students pursue a wide range ofcareers after taking their degrees – see also page 12.Some go on to do research in astrophysics, or otherbranches of physics; others go into teaching, or intoscience-related careers in industry, or the civil service.Some use the analytical and numerical skills they haveacquired in areas such as accounting and otherfinancial services.Career options therefore remain wide open to Physicswith Astrophysics graduates. Even for those studentswho do not subsequently pursue astrophysics-relatedcareers, there remains the great pleasure of havingpursued a fascinating subject and of having approachedthe frontiers of knowledge about the universe.17


course detailsPhysics with Study in EuropeThe degree of MPhys with Honours in Physicswith Study in Europe is based on the core of theHonours Physics course, but includes a yearstudying at a university on the Continent.The course aims to combine a comprehensive study ofphysics with an opportunity to study physics abroadfor one year and thus obtain a working knowledge ofa European language and experience of a differentculture. Bilateral exchange arrangements are in placewith universities in France, Germany, Spain and Italy.These are supported by the European Union’sERASMUS programme, which aims to fostereducational and cultural exchanges among thecountries of Europe. The School has well establishedlinks with the universities involved in the Physics withStudy in Europe exchange programme. TheManchester ERASMUS tutor is in close touch with thetutors at the host universities, to ensure wellintegratedcourse structures.Since the student exchange scheme is largelyreciprocal, many students from overseas study atManchester for periods of one year or more. Eachyear there are normally ten to 15 exchange studentsin the School of Physics and Astronomy. Theirpresence enriches the culture of the School andallows British students to learn more about theirprospective host universities.General admissions criteria for all of our courses aregiven on page 8. For Physics with Study in Europe, aformal qualification such as a GCSE in a suitablelanguage is desirable, and an AS- or A-level would be adistinct advantage. Language tuition is available atManchester and normally forms part of the degreecourse. Because of the general challenges of living andstudying in a foreign country, you are required to showgood language skills by the end of the first year, and toobtain a good pass in the second-year examinations.If you fail to meet these criteria, you may transfer intothe Honours School of Physics. Indeed, transfer to theHonours School of Physics is possible for any studentwho wishes to do so, at any time up to the end of thesecond year.Currently, students normally pay no university feesduring their year abroad. Also, payments fromEuropean Union funds for the ERASMUS programmeare usually available to assist you during the periodspent overseas. Accommodation for the year abroadis normally arranged from Manchester with the helpof the course tutor and their counterpart in theprospective university.Course structureIn your first year, you mainly follow the core physicscourse units. In addition, a language unit is normallytaken at a level appropriate to your initial competencein your chosen language. This runs at a rate of twolectures per week throughout the teaching year and issupplemented with language laboratories andtutorials as needed. Those students who have alreadyreached the appropriate level may omit some of thelanguage course and replace it with additional optioncourse units in physics or another subject.In the second year at Manchester, you again followthe core course units of the Honours School ofPhysics. In addition, you replace two option units witha language package designed to continue yourgeneral language development and to introduce themore specialised vocabulary of physics. These aims aremet in part, where possible, by conducting physicstutorials and other activities in the appropriatelanguage. The total workload in the languagepackage is equivalent to two lectures per weekthroughout the year.In the third year, you study physics, rather than‘cultural’ matters, in another language – although inmost universities some language study is required.The courses taken vary strongly from student tostudent and from university to university, and it is notpossible to go into detail here. You consult with theERASMUS tutor in Manchester who, with an eye toyour particular strengths and weaknesses, selectscourses normally available at the particular Europeaninstitute. The courses selected are normally at thesame level as third-year course units at Manchester.As at Manchester, laboratory work is usually asignificant component of the third year.18


www.manchester.ac.uk/physicsIn the fourth year, you return to Manchester tocomplete your MPhys degree. You study a range ofcourse units from the large list of options, including anumber from other Schools, available to physicsstudents in the fourth year. Normally the practical workinvolves a semester of laboratory classes, followed byan extended project in the final semester. Again, theERASMUS tutor plays an important role in ensuringcontinuity in your studies. In years one, two and four,the assessment follows the same pattern as for otherstudents in Physics and Joint Honours courses.Examinations are taken for all of the lecture courseunits, while laboratory work is subject to continualassessment. Assessment for the third year follows thenormal practice at the institute visited. The finaldegree classification takes account of fourth-yearexamination and laboratory performance, as well ascontributions from the earlier years.Where you studyThe School of Physics and Astronomy at Manchesterhas agreed undergraduate exchange programmeswith the following European institutes:• Germany: Freie Universität, Berlin; Ruprecht-KarlsUniversität, Heidelberg; Technische UniversitätMunchen, Munich• France: Université Pierre et MarieCurie, Paris;Université de Paris-Sud, Paris; Université ClaudeBernard, Lyon; Université Joseph Fourier, Grenoble• Italy: Universitá Degli Studi, Trieste• Spain: Universidad de Cantabria,Santander;Universidad Autónoma deMadrid, MadridIt is also possible to arrange a limited number ofexchanges via the European Mobility Scheme for PhysicsStudents (EMSPS), which enables students to study at awider range of institutions throughout Europe.Career opportunitiesChoose to pursue Physics with Study in Europe andyou will place yourself at a great advantage whenyou are considering your career opportunities – seepage 12. The combination of the numerical andanalytical skills of the physicist, together with thelanguage skills and cultural experience gained from ayear studying abroad, provide very good prospects ina market that is becoming increasingly dominated bythe European perspective.There is a shortage of British scientists able to workeffectively in a European context, because of a lack ofcompetence in any language other than English. Incontrast, many European degree courses embody arequirement of a foreign language.Physics with Study in Europe will equip you withstrong communication skills in both English and asecond European language, so that you will be able towork effectively as scientists in Europe, inmultinational companies, and in companies withEuropean connections.Graduates with good Honours MPhys degrees inPhysics courses are eligible to proceed to a PhDdegree involving further study and research in aspecialised branch of modern physics. Students withthe experience and language skills obtained in Physicswith Study in Europe are in a good position to seek aresearch position at an overseas university.19


course detailsPhysics with PhilosophyLike the Honours School of Physics, this BSc orMPhys course provides a solid grounding in allaspects of physics, both theoretical andexperimental. However, a substantial amount oflaboratory work is replaced by lecture coursesand project work in philosophy. This degree isbased on the core of the Honours School ofPhysics with the philosophy option stream.The course is offered in conjunction with theUniversity's Centre for Philosophy, which wasestablished in 1998 (although philosophy atManchester goes back a lot further than that). TheCentre is committed to ongoing research and teachingin the tradition of analytic philosophy and, like theSchool of Physics and Astronomy, was awarded thetop grade (24/24) for teaching in the last QAA review.What you studyThroughout the course, the areas of philosophy youwill explore in most detail are those relevant to theoverlap with the subject of physics; namely, the natureof scientific knowledge and the status of science as ameans of achieving understanding. This ‘analytic core’of philosophy is an area in which many members ofthe Centre for Philosophy have their major researchinterest. In particular, a course unit in Philosophy ofScience is currently part of the core syllabus.Physics with Philosophy students also take the samecore physics course units as the Honours Physicsstudents and they follow the philosophy optionstream. It is therefore easy to transfer to HonoursPhysics at any stage up to the start of the final year ofthe course. Physics with Philosophy students have thesame level of tutorial support in Physics andMathematics as Honours Physics students and, inaddition, participate in seminar groups together witha staff member of the Centre for Philosophy for eachphilosophy course.The course also promotes areas of physics thatcomplement the option stream in philosophy. Wehave recently introduced a course unit into the physicscourse (Physics and Reality) that discusses issues suchas the nature of space and time and the implicationsof quantum mechanics for determinism and thenature of cause and effect. This is a core course unitfor Physics with Philosophy students.Course structureDuring the first three years of the course, you take thesame core physics course units as Honours Physics,but only half the amount of experimental work in thelaboratory. The course includes course units from thePhilosophy stream that make up approximately 30%of the total study time.Typical course units forming the Philosophy optionstream include:• Moral Philosophy• Theory of Knowledge• Philosophy of Science• Locke, Berkeley and Hume• Philosophical Values• Science and the Modern World• Metaphysics• Philosophy of Mathematics• Issues in Epistemology• Kant• Wittgenstein• Russell• Philosophy of Language20


www.manchester.ac.uk/physicsYou can also choose a set of course units onmathematical logic, including nonstandard logics, setand model theory.For those who wish to take this degree to masterslevel, there is a substantial amount of project work inboth subjects. In one semester, a 24-day MPhysproject in an area of physics is carried out, and in theother, an extended essay in philosophy is undertakenin collaboration with a supervisor from the Centre forPhilosophy. This project will typically involve the studyof some area of analytic philosophy, or one thatoverlaps with issues relevant to physics.The fourth year also includes specialist course units,such as the philosophy of emotions and intentionality,units on logical properties and consciousness, as wellas more advanced course units in physics.Career opportunitiesBSc or MPhys Physics with Philosophy graduates havea diverse range of desirable skills and are very wellplaced to take up employment in many areas, fromacademic research to work in industry. Employers veryoften want people who are adaptable, rather thanthose who are already trained along very specific lines.Physics with Philosophy graduates learn to identify,analyse and solve problems, and to present theirsolution in clear, precise and concise arguments.These are valuable skills in the workplace and providea good intellectual basis for vocational training.21


course detailsPhysics withTheoretical PhysicsThe Honours degree of Physics with TheoreticalPhysics is for you if you have a particular interestin the more mathematical and theoreticalaspects of physics. Like the Honours Physicscourse, this course provides a solid grounding inall aspects of physics, both theoretical andexperimental, although a significant amount ofpractical work is replaced by lecture courses andproject work in theoretical physics.As a student of Physics with Theoretical Physics, youconcentrate on the option stream of theoreticalphysics and mathematics, though there are alsoopportunities to choose some of the wide range ofoptions open to students on the Physics course. Sincethe core physics lecture course units are taken, it iseasy to transfer to Honours Physics at any stageduring the first three years of your course.Course structureThe course is based on the core of the HonoursSchool of Physics, together with the TheoreticalPhysics option stream. Half of the laboratory work ofthe core is replaced by lecture course units and projectwork on theoretical physics and mathematics.In the first two years, you study such subjects asadvanced mechanics, mathematical methods andcomputing. In the third and fourth years, you begin tospecialise and more of the course can be directlyrelated to theory; the core material of the earlier yearsforms the foundation for advanced third and fourthyearsubjects, such as quantum theory,electrodynamics and general relativity. There is a greatdeal of flexibility in the later years and you maychoose to pursue those aspects of the course thatinterest you most.The School has a lively Theoretical Physics grouppursuing research in many areas. In addition, there aretheorists in several other, predominantly experimental,groups. Theoretical studies are currently underway in:astronomy and cosmology (the modelling ofintergalactic collisions, the early universe, the cosmicmicrowave background and gravitational lensing);biological physics (biophysically detailed,mathematical models of the heart); high energyparticle physics (quantumchromodynamics,supersymmetry and Higgs physics); condensed matter(high temperature superconductors, phase transitions,disordered systems, fractals and chaos, quantummany-body systems); complex systems (from the stockmarket to the evolution of languages); and nuclearphysics (from the structure of light and medium sizednuclei through to quark-gluon plasmas).22


www.manchester.ac.uk/physicsSome Theoretical Physics course units:• Random Processes in Physics: Introduction to themathematics of random events – a subject of directrelevance to many areas in physics, includingquantum physics and statistical mechanics.• Advanced Dynamics: Builds directly on the corecourse units in Dynamics and Relativity, consideringthe physics of the apparent forces experienced byobservers who are being accelerated, the propertiesof rotating bodies, the dynamics of relativisticparticles and gravitation.• Lagrangian Mechanics: The classical mechanicsof particles can be described by using Newton’sLaws, or by Lagrange’s Equations. The secondapproach is more elegant and more powerful – egLagrangian Mechanics is not restricted to particles,but can also be used to describe fields such as theelectromagnetic field, and is the starting point forQuantum Field Theory.• Advanced Statistical Physics: Applies advancedideas in statistical physics to study topics such asBrownian Motion and Population Genetics.Career opportunitiesAs a student of Physics with Theoretical Physics, you willdevelop many skills. Because the course covers a widerange of physics and mathematics topics, graduates arewell placed to pursue many different career paths aftertaking their degrees – see also page 12.Some go on to do research in theoretical orexperimental physics; others go into teaching, or intoscience-related jobs in industry, or the civil service.Computing-related activities are particularly suited tostudents who are well versed in the mathematical andanalytical techniques acquired in our Physics withTheoretical Physics course. Career options thereforeremain wide open.• Complex Variables and Integral Transforms:Deals with the properties of functions of a complexvariable, an elegant subject in mathematics withmany useful applications in theoretical physics.• Advanced Quantum Physics: Examines thequantum behaviour of particles moving close to thespeed of light and introduces Feynman’s pathintegral approach to quantum mechanics.• Quantum Field Theory: First introduced todescribe the quantum physics of electromagneticfields, the methods of quantum field theory unifymuch of modern theoretical physics, having manyapplications in elementary particle physics,condensed matter physics and statistical physics.Feynman diagrams are derived and used to studythe interactions of elementary particles.• Gravitation: Einstein’s General Theory of Relativity,presented in 1915, and usurped Newton’s Theoryof Gravity. This unit explains the details of Einstein’stheory and the necessary warping of space and time.23


course detailsMathematics and PhysicsThe Honours degree of Mathematics and Physics,run jointly by the School of Mathematics and theSchool of Physics and Astronomy, is designed forstudents who wish to study both mathematicsand physics in depth. You attend lectures,tutorials, examples classes and laboratorysessions covering a broad range of topics inmathematics and physics.The course content is closely linked with the contentsof the Honours degree in Mathematics and theHonours degree in Physics, and transfer to either ofthese courses is possible at the start of the secondyear, provided that a sufficient standard has beenachieved in the relevant subject. Transfer to theHonours Physics course can also be made of the startof the third year. The course may be taken for threeyears, leading to the BSc degree, or for four yearsleading to the masters degrees, MMath&Phys.The teaching in both the Mathematics and the Physicsand Astronomy Schools is greatly strengthened by thewide variety of research fields that are pursued by thestaff. Large and lively groups are active in bothapplied mathematics and theoretical physics. Thesesubjects frequently overlap and research ontheoretical astronomy, chaos, fractals and fluids iscarried out in both Schools. Other research topics inapplied mathematics include hydrodynamics, waves,elasticity, boundary layer theory and modelling ofindustrial processes. Theoretical research undertakenin the School of Physics and Astronomy includes highenergyparticle physics, nuclear physics and quarkmatter, condensed matter physics, high temperaturesuperconductivity, phase transitions and disorderedsystems, and several areas of astrophysics.Course structureThe general aim of the first two years of the course isto provide a firm foundation in the most fundamentalaspects of degree-level mathematics and physics. Thisfoundation permits you to choose from a wide rangeof high-level options in your third and, whereappropriate, fourth years. In the first two years, youdo half as much physics laboratory work as HonoursPhysics students. In the third and fourth years,laboratory work is optional and project work inmathematics, physics and computing is available.The workload of the course is comparable with that ofHonours Physics and Honours Mathematics studentsthroughout, and is divided approximately equallybetween the two subjects. In the first year, you takecore mathematics and core physics lecture course units.Mathematics core course units include:• Calculus and Applications• Calculus and Vectors• Linear Algebra• Sets, Numbers and FunctionsThe second year is divided approximately 80:20between core course units and options. Physics andMaths core course units include:• Differential Equations• Introduction to Quantum Mechanics• Electromagnetism• Real Analysis• Complex Analysis• Thermal and Statistical Physics• Fundamentals of Solid State Physics• Wave OpticsThe list of option course units normally includes,among others:• Algebra• Fluid Mechanics• Metric Spaces24


www.manchester.ac.uk/physicsIn the third year, the core course units are:• Bosons and Fermions• Nuclear and Particle Physics• Problem-Solving by Computer• Quantum MechanicsPhysics option course units can be chosen from thelist available to third-year physics students. Mathsoption course units are available from the main areasof research carried out by the School of Mathematics.These areas include:• Applied Mathematics (including fluid dynamics,dynamical systems and numerical analysis)• Mathematical Logic• Probability and Statistics• Pure MathematicsThere is a great deal of flexibility in your fourth year.You are required to do two projects, one in eachSchool, plus a course unit on Project Skills. Theremainder of the year is made up of options, whichcan include some third-year course units that have notalready been taken. A number of more advancedoption course units are available from the researchareas covered by both the School of Physics andAstronomy and the School of Mathematics.Career opportunitiesGraduates of the Honours School of Mathematics andPhysics proceed to a wide range of careers, includingall those typically associated with mathematicsgraduates and physics graduates – see page 12.Many go on to do research in mathematics,theoretical physics, or experimental physics. Others gointo teaching, or science-related jobs in industry, orthe civil service. While many graduates make directuse of their physics and mathematics backgrounds,others use the mathematical and analytical skillsacquired in the course by pursuing careers in actuarialwork, accounting and management. For a graduate inmathematics and physics, the choice of careerremains wide open.25


course detailsResearch at ManchesterIn the latest Research Assessment Exercise,Manchester was one of the top five UK Physicsdepartments for the volume of world-leadingand internationally excellent research.As an undergraduate at Manchester, you will join aworld-leading community of physicists with a hugevariety of research interests. Expertise at the cuttingedge of modern-day research helps us keep ourundergraduate degree courses up-to-date andprovides a stimulating environment in which to study.The Jodrell Bank Centre for Astrophysics (JBCA)is one of the UK's largest astronomy research groups.Our research programme includes observational andtheoretical studies covering almost the whole ofmodern astrophysics, from the discovery of planetsorbiting other stars, to the origin of the universe inthe Big Bang. The group is also a world leader in radioastronomy-related technology development forground and space-based instruments.Members of the group use telescopes working acrossthe electromagnetic spectrum, including those inHawaii, Chile, the USA, the Canary Islands andAustralia, together with space telescopes such asSpitzer, Chandra and Hubble. A long heritage inastrophysical research includes playing a leading rolein the discovery of quasars and gravitational lensesand finding the first double pulsar, the most stringenttest of Einstein’s general theory of relativity.JBCA operates e-MERLIN, the UK's national radioastronomy facility, from the world-famous JodrellBank Observatory. This comprises an array of sevenoptical fibre-linked telescopes, including the giantLovell telescope, stretching 217km across England,from Jodrell Bank to Cambridge. JBCA also hosts theinternational project office of the Square KilometreArray and the UK regional centre for ALMA.26


www.manchester.ac.uk/physicsThe Biological Physics group centres its research onmolecular biophysics and physiology. Biologicalmolecules (DNA, proteins, surfactants etc) are studied atthe single molecule level with newly developed opticaland magnetic techniques. More traditional X-ray andneutron methods allow the study of individualmolecular bonds and their structuring. Electrical wavesare modelled from the level of single ion channels incells all the way up to the sophisticated orchestration ofmuscle contractions in the heart, and their subsequentrelationship to cardiac disease. Similar ideas are beingused to explore issues of cognition and brain activity.The Condensed Matter Physics group is leadingthe world in preparing and studying the properties ofgraphene, a single layer of carbon atoms. New resultsconcerning the structure of two dimensional solids,the strange electronic properties and the potential forapplications in electronics, devices and the simulationof highly relativistic particles, have all come to lighthere. The group also has an experimental programmespecialising in ultra-low temperature physics,especially super fluid 3He and 4He,including the studyof quantum turbulence.The group is also very interested in met materials, ormaterials with a negative refractive index, and hasdeveloped some of these using advanced methods ofmesoscopic physics.The Nonlinear and Liquid Crystal Physics grouphas a programme of research in many fundamentaland practical aspects of liquid crystal physics, includingelectro-optic effects, structure determination and nanoand polymer composites. Nonlinear research is focusedon the transition to turbulence and chaos in fluidflows, pattern formation in granular motion andinstabilities in elastic materials. A significant part of theresearch in fluid dynamics is concerned with thetransition to turbulence in a pipe, which is regarded asthe outstanding problem in classical Physics.The Nuclear Physics group investigates the structureand reactions of atomic nuclei using a variety oftechniques to study the properties of rare unstableisotopes, mainly produced in nuclear reactions usinginternational accelerator facilities. Optical hyperfinestructures and isotope shifts of radioactive atoms or ionsare probed using lasers to determine the shape and sizeof exotic isotopes at facilities at CERN and at thecyclotrons at Jyvaskyla in Finland. The group also uses thelatter facility to study long-lived excited states or isomers.Surprising results have been found concerning the shellstructure in nuclei using transfer reactions at acceleratorsat Yale University, USA. The group is currently building anovel spectrometer for studying gamma-ray emissionfrom rare isotopes produced in fission that will be used atthe InstitutLaue-Langevin in Grenoble.These research programmes are allowing the group tobegin to answer key open questions in nuclearphysics, such as how the ordering of quantum stateschanges in increasingly neutron-rich matter andwhether new symmetries and new forms of nuclearmatter appear in nuclei far from stability. Themeasurements have impact on wider scientific issues,helping to explain, for example, how the elementsand isotopes found in the universe were formed.27


course detailsThe Photon Physics group has a programme ofresearch in laser and electron impact excitationexperiments in Manchester, and carries out photoionisationand surface physics research at SynchrotronRadiation Facilities throughout the world.Fundamental physics experiments include laser-atommanipulation, cooling and trapping, together withprobing and preparation of targets using lasers, VUVradiation and electrons. Applied physics researchincludes surface studies using lasers and synchrotronradiation to probe structures for use in, for example,the development of novel solar cells. The group isactive in laser photo-medicine and dentistry, and inlaser development. Members of the group have activecollaborations with researchers in Cambridge todevelop new types of semiconductor lasers and LEDsin the blue/UV part of the spectrum.The group also studies the physics of nano-dots, lasertweezering of microscopic samples, and lasermanipulation of atoms onto surfaces to form regularnano-structures. The photon physics group were thefounders of the £30 million Photon Science Institute,situated in the Alan Turing Building.The Particle Physics group covers the wholespectrum from basic particle theory andphenomenology, through experiment and detectordevelopment, to accelerator design. Our theoristswork on a wide range of particle physics phenomena,from Supersymmetry and Extra Dimensions throughto strong interactions and the Early Universe. Theexperimenters are currently involved in the DØexperiment at the Tevatron in Chicago, and the ATLASand LHCb experiments at the LHC, at CERN, Geneva.We have been closely involved in experiments thatdiscovered the gluon and set a limit on the number ofquark and lepton generations. Our currentexperiments at the Tevatron and the LHCare lookingfor evidence of the illusive Higgs boson, and theSupersymmetric particles that are predicted byGrand Unified Theories.The group is also involved in the NEMO3 andSuperNEMO experiments, which are situated deepunderground and are designed to solve some of themysteries of the neutrinos. We are also workingtogether with CERN and the Cockcroft Institute todevelop the next generation of particle accelerators.28


www.manchester.ac.uk/physicsThe Theoretical Physics group has strong researchprogrammes in a wide variety of fields. At the smallestscale, we look at sub-nuclear physics, where we areinterested in the effect of the symmetries of QCD, thetheory of strong interactions, on the behaviour ofnucleons and nuclei. We also study the fundamentalquestion of how a nucleus binds together, and try tomake the best possible calculations of the propertiesof nuclei. This links closely to our interest in atomicBose-Einstein condensates, the novel form of matterobserved in atomic gases at extremely lowtemperatures, where many of the same theoreticaltools can be employed.All such systems are assemblies of many particlesruled by quantum mechanics, and an importantaspect of our research is dealing with such systems,using both theoretical and computational tools.Amongst other aspects, we study the quantum Halleffects, quantum magnets, quantum dots and othernovel materials. We also apply statistical physics tounderstand glasses and other non-equilibriumproperties of matter.The School also maintains strong ties with otherdisciplinary groups, such as Atmospheric Science.Their areas of expertise include radiative transfer,precipitation and cloud electrification boundary layerprocesses, aerosol properties, cloud physics, remotesensing and atmospheric dynamics, and atmosphericpollution in the urban environment.Many of our graduating students choose to stay on inour School to do PhD research, and there areopportunities for you in all of our research groups.On a larger scale, we are interested in complexsystems, the study of the complex behaviour ofsystems made up from many simple constituents. Weare applying this to many areas in biology, language,the economy and even the electricity grid.29


Our University website holds awealth of information on the manyvaried aspects of student life. Beloware some of the most popular topics– use the web links for full details…find out moreAccommodationAs long as you apply by our deadline, all first-yearstudents are guaranteed university accommodation in oneof our halls of residence. For international students, thispromise is extended to the full duration of your studies.We are proud to offer more spaces in university-managedaccommodation than practically any other UK university.Discover our diverse range of universityaccommodation, bustling student areas, virtual tours,halls of residence visits, various privateaccommodation rental options and more:www.manchester.ac.uk/accommodationwww.manchesterstudenthomes.comAdmissions and applicationsWe welcome applications from people of allbackgrounds, and are fully committed to equality ofopportunity. All applications for full-time undergraduatecourses in higher education are coordinated by theUniversities and Colleges Admissions Service (UCAS).You must apply online at www.ucas.com. If you areunable to access the internet, contact the UCASCustomer Service Unit on +44 (0)871 468 0468.Find out more about the application process, policies,procedures and support:www.manchester.ac.uk/undergraduate/howtoapplyCareers ServiceManchester is one of the most targeted UK universitiesby graduate recruiters and our Careers Service hastopped student and employer satisfaction surveys formany years. Our website and team of specialists canhelp you to find part-time, volunteering and workexperience opportunities. You might also take part in30the Manchester Leadership Programme, which willhelp you to develop skills, boost your CV and prepareyou for the competitive graduate jobs market.Find out more about our events, mentoringprogrammes, accredited course units, and a wholerange of other services:www.manchester.ac.uk/careerswww.manchester.ac.uk/mlpChildcareThere are two centres associated with the Universityfor children between six months and five years of age:Dryden Street Nursery and Echoes Nursery.Find out more about funding options, privatenurseries, playgroups and schools:www.manchester.ac.uk/studentnet/studentlife/childcareCity of ManchesterOne of the great benefits of being a student atManchester is that all the joys of Britain’s number onestudent city are right on your doorstep. You’ll bespoilt for choice for food, drink, culture, music,history, nightlife, festivals, shopping, sport and muchmore – with the quiet countryside of two beautifulnational parks also within easy reach when you wantto get away from it all. Find out what one of ourcurrent students has to say about the capital of theNorth West:www.manchester.ac.uk/undergraduate/studentlife/sociallife/manchester


www.manchester.ac.uk/physicsDisability support/applicants withadditional support needsWe welcome applications from people with additionalsupport needs and all such applications are considered onexactly the same academic grounds as other applications.If you have additional needs arising from a medicalcondition, a physical or sensory disability, or a specificlearning disability, you are strongly encouraged tocontact the University’s DSO to discuss your needs,any arrangements that may be necessary and theextent to which appropriate support is available:www.manchester.ac.uk/dsoInformation is also available from the Students’ UnionWelfare Officer:www.umsu.manchester.ac.ukFunding and financeIn 2010/11, all new full-time home/EU undergraduateentrants will be charged £3,290 per year tuition feesfor all courses. This is likely to increase with inflationfor 2011/12. You can defer payment of your tuitionfees by taking out a student fee loan. Repaymentsbegin the April after you leave higher education andearn more than £15,000 per year.In addition to any financial support that you receivefrom the Government, the University offers a generousrange of scholarships and bursaries to help preventfinancial hardship and reward excellence. You couldreceive up to £3,000 per annum to help you to payyour course fees and to support your living expenses.Find out more about tuition fees and student finance,including international fees, payment options, cost ofliving and managing debt:www.manchester.ac.uk/studentnet/crucial-guide/financial-lifeInternational studentsThe University is a multicultural environment andhome to more than 9,500 international students fromaround 160 countries. A range of services is availablefor international students, to help you both beforeand during your studies. This includes an airportcollection service, orientation courses and specialiststudent advisers.Find out more, including information specific tostudents from your country, such as entryrequirements and useful contacts:www.manchester.ac.uk/internationalIT servicesWe have one of the largest academic IT services inEurope, supporting world-class teaching, research andstudy.Find out about our extensive cross-campus computeraccess, virtual learning environments, wirelessinternet access, IT training and more:www.manchester.ac.uk/itservices/gettingstartedLibraryThe John Rylands University Library (JRUL) is one ofthe best-resourced academic libraries in the UK and iswidely recognised as one of the world’s greatresearch libraries, with diverse special collections andelectronic resources unrivalled within UK universities.In 2009, the Main Library underwent a large-scalerefurbishment to the ground floor, improving accessboth to the building and to the collections and also31


introducing new social and learning spaces to caterfor a range of learning styles.Find out more about the information services andresources available to you:www.manchester.ac.uk/libraryMapsGet to grips with your future home and take a closerlook at our campus, the city and Universityaccommodation by viewing our maps:www.manchester.ac.uk/visitors/travel/mapsProspectusOur 2011 undergraduate prospectus offers acomprehensive overview of The University ofManchester. You can view a copy online:www.manchester.ac.uk/undergraduate/courses/prospectusReligious supportThere are two chaplaincy centres for the major Christianchurches. St Peter’s House provides chaplains for theAnglican, Baptist, Methodist and United ReformedChurches, while the Roman Catholic Chaplaincy is atAvila House. Hillel House provides facilities for Jewishworship. There are prayer facilities on campus for Muslimstudents and student societies for many religions.SportWe have a dynamic Athletic Union comprising over 40sports clubs; a vibrant ‘Campus Sport’ programme,allowing you to play in friendly, recreational leagues;a huge variety of health and fitness classes; plus sportvolunteering and scholarship opportunities.32Find out more about our superb facilities and diverseopportunities to get active in Manchester:www.manchester.ac.uk/sportStudent supportWhatever the issue – financial, academic, personal, oradministrative – we have experienced andsympathetic people, support groups and advicecentres to help you.Find out about counselling, academic advice andvarious other student support services:www.manchester.ac.uk/studentnet/crucial-guideStudents’ UnionThe University of Manchester Students’ Union (UMSU)is the largest Students’ Union in Europe, offeringeverything from live bands to welfare advice, cheapstationery to student representation. UMSU has someof the largest and most active student societies in thecountry, as well as support and welfare services,student media, shops and bars and the famousManchester Academy.Have a look at the SU website:www.umsu.manchester.ac.ukVideo libraryWatch and listen to our students and staff introducingvarious aspects of student life and The University ofManchester with our selection of online videos:www.manchester.ac.uk/aboutus/video


www.manchester.ac.uk/physicscontact detailsFor further information about the courses, or aboutqualifications, please contact:admissions tutorProfessor Fred Loebingeradmissions administratorMrs Val BrennanaddressSchool of Physics and AstronomyThe University of ManchesterOxford RoadManchesterM13 9PLUnited KingdomDisclaimerThis brochure is prepared well in advance of theacademic year to which it relates. Consequently,details of courses may vary with staff changes. TheUniversity therefore reserves the right to make suchalterations to courses as are found to be necessary. Ifthe University makes an offer of a place, it is essentialthat you are aware of the current terms on which theoffer is based. If you are in any doubt, please feel freeto ask for confirmation of the precise position for theyear in question, before you accept the offer.Central front cover photo and page 29 photocopyright of CERN, Geneva.tel +44 (0)161 275 4210fax +44 (0)161 275 4297email ug-physics@manchester.ac.ukFor the most up-to-date course information, pleasevisit our website www.manchester.ac.uk/physics33


campus map1 Sackville Street Building2 Lambert Hall3 Fairfield Hall5 Chandos Hall6 Echoes Day Nursery7 Paper Science Building8 Renold Building9 Barnes Wallis Building /Students' Union /Wright Robinson Hall10 Vision Centre / Moffat Building11 The Manchester ConferenceCentre and Weston Hall12 Pariser Building13 Staff House Sackville Street14 The Mill15 Morton Laboratory16 Manchester InterdisciplinaryBiocentre - John GarsideBuilding17 George Begg Building18 Faraday Tower19 Faraday Building20 Ferranti Building21 Maths and Social SciencesBuilding22 Sugden Sports Centre23 Oddfellows Hall24 Grosvenor Halls of Residences25 Materials Science Centre26 Manchester Business SchoolEast27 Bowden Court28 Ronson Hall29 Manchester Business SchoolWest3430 Precinct Shopping CentreHarold Hankins BuildingDevonshire House31 Crawford House32 St Peters House/Chaplaincy33 Crawford House LectureTheatres34 Prospect House35 Humanities Bridgeford Street36 Arthur Lewis Building37 University Place38 Waterloo Place39 Kilburn Building40 Information TechnologyBuilding41 Dental School and Hospital42 Martin Harris Centre forMusic and Drama43 Coupland Building 144 The Manchester Museum45 Rutherford Building46 Alan Turing Building47 Coupland Building 348 John Owens Building49 Beyer Building50 Whitworth Hall51 Whitworth Building52 Williamson Building53 Roscoe Building54 Schuster Building55 The John Rylands Library56 Schunck Building / BurlingtonRooms57 Student Services Centre58 Christie Building59 Simon Building60 Zochonis Building61 Chemistry Building62 Dryden Street Nursery64 Environmental Services Unit65 Mansfield Cooper Building66 Stephen Joseph Studio67 Samuel Alexander Building68 Students' Union Oxford Road(also at number 9)69 William Kay House70 Dover Street Building71 Michael Smith Building72 Vaughan House73 Avila House RC Chaplaincy74 Holy Name Church75 AV Hill Building76 AQA77 Ellen Wilkinson Building78 The Academy79 Stopford Building80 Horniman House81 The Manchester IncubatorBuilding82 Whitworth Park Hallsof Residence83 Grove House84 The Whitworth Art Gallery85 Opal Hall86 Core Technology Facility87 Denmark Building89 Lamb Building91 McDougall Centre92 Jean McFarlane Building(formerly 37b)93 George Kenyon Building andHall of Residence and PCcluster (formerly 37a)


Portsmouth Portsmouth Portsmouth Street Street Streetwww.manchester.ac.uk/physicsOxford Road StationTo City CentreBBCCharles StreetPrincess Street16Granby RowRailway ViaductMulti-StoreyCar Park1117 18ASackville StreetSackville StreetThe GatehouseSackville Street712Granby Row81Altrincham Street132 35 69 1014 15PiccadillyStation1920 21Brook Brook Brook Street Street StreetMancunian WayOxford RoadMancunian Way A57(M)A34Sydney Street22Grosvenor Street85York Street2423Rosamond Street WestAquaticsCentre25School of Physics and Astronomy(Alan Turing Building 46, Schuster Building 54)A34 Upper Brook StreetRoyal NorthernCollege of Music26 27 28Campus BuildingsBurlington Street91Pencroft Pencroft WayManchesterScience Park(See inset map)Car ParkECecil Cecil Cecil Street Street StreetLloyd StreetHigher Cambridge Street64Acomb Acomb Acomb Street Street StreetBurnleigh Burnleigh Burnleigh Street Street StreetDenmark RoadCecil Cecil Cecil Street Street StreetMulti-StoreyCar ParkD41Coupland Street47RearQuadrangleDilworth StreetDulcie Dulcie Dulcie Grove GroveBooth Street West2935 3655 56 5765 66 6776428243Bridgeford StreetContactTheatreCar ParkDenmark RoadOldQuadrangleBurlington Street774887454958Lime GroveStreetDevasF687883445130 315038B5117Oxford RoadOxford RoadVisitorsCentreWilton Street37Booth Street EastBrunswick StreetCar ParkNelson StreetMulti-StoreyCar ParkDover Street Dover StreetManchesterRoyal EyeHospital3239Acker StreetRumford StreetBrunswick StreetGrafton Street Grafton StreetManchester RoyalInfirmary33403459 6069 70737280745279NowgenCentre8992 9353 54GB4661Wellcome TrustClinical ResearchFacilityCentral ManchesterUniversity HospitalsNHS Foundation Trust71CarPark 75G81 86Upper Brook StreetUpper Brook StreetTo Ardwick &The Carling Apollo62Under ConstructionUniversity ResidencesPrincipal Car ParksAccessible RouteBus StopsRailway StationsBollardsAutomatic/Electrical BarrierManual BarrierManchesterScience ParkSynergyHouseDenmark RoadRutherfordHouseSkeltonHousePencroft WaySat NavSackville St postcode M1 3BBOxford Rd postcode M13 9PL91GreenheysBurlington StreetEnterpriseHouseLloyd StreetKilburnHouseWilliamsHouse84To Fallowfieldand Victoria ParkHalls of ResidencesHathersage RoadPostOfficeSt. Mary'sHospitalTo Fallowfieldand Victoria ParkHalls of Residences35


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www.manchester.ac.uk/physicsFrom Piccadilly Railway StationFrom Piccadilly Railway Station catch service 147 on Fairfield Street, orwalk to Piccadilly Bus Station and catch one of the following services:14, 16, 41, 42, 43, 43a, 44, 45a, 48, 111, 140, 142, 157, 250.From Victoria Railway StationEither take the Metrolink tram, or walk to Piccadilly Gardens Bus Station(not the Railway Station) and follow the directions above.ParkingPlease note that parking near the School is available in several car parkson campus and in the Aquatics Centre multi-storey car park on BoothStreet East.


School of Physics and AstronomyThe University of ManchesterOxford RoadManchesterM13 9PLUnited Kingdomtel +44 (0)161 275 4210email ug-physics@manchester.ac.ukwww.manchester.ac.uk/physics

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