May 2004-July 2004 IssueGrand Canyon Chapterhttp://arizona.sierraclub.org/rincon/Make a Difference: Vote ‘Yes’ on Question 1by Brian Beck, Rincon Group Newsletter Co-editorPima County voters have perhaps a once-in-alifetimeopportunity on Tuesday, May 18, to setaside important lands for conservation and speciesprotection. Every vote in favor of Question #1, the SonoranDesert Open Space and Davis-Monthan ProtectionBond, is crucial.The Sierra Club/Rincon Group has strongly supportedthe efforts of the Coalition for Sonoran Desert Protectionin its efforts to develop and implement the Sonoran DesertProtection Plan. The funds provided by Question #1 on thebond election ballot are a vital part of that plan. They willallow the county to protect unique natural resources andstill allow for development in a way that preserves ourquality of life and the unique environment that makesPima County such an attractive place to live.• Question #1 will provide $174,300,000 to acquireopen space in Pima County for habitat protection, includingironwood forests, lands around rivers and washes, andgroundwater recharge areas. Some of the funds will beused to protect desert lands around Davis-Monthan AirForce Base from residential encroachment that couldVoting Information• Polls will be open Tuesday, May18 from 6 a.m. to 7 p.m.• If you have requested an EarlyBallot, you have until 7 p.m. May18 to return it to either the Officeof the Pima County Recorder at115 N. Church Ave., Tucson, AZ,85701, or at any polling place onElection Day.• If you don’t know where to vote,find out at www.pima.gov/elections/polls.htm• If you have any questions aboutvoting, contact the Pima CountyRecorder’s Office at 740-4330.threaten the viabilityof the base.• The adoption ofQuestion #1 will notraise taxes. PimaCounty is paying offexisting bonds, and nonew taxes will berequired to pay for theopen space bonds orany others on the May18 ballot.• A citizens oversightcommission andannual independentaudits will help toensure that open spacebond monies are being spent effectively.• By passing Question #1, Pima County will becomeeligible for an additional $174 million in matching stateand federal funds to protect land and water resources.Do your part to protect wildlife, open space and waterresources. Vote!Funds provided bythe open spacebond will be usedto preserveadditonal acreagein the TucsonMountains, theTortolitas andother areas of PimaCounty.
Service Outings TargetMigrants’ Border Debrisby Roy Emrick, Rincon Group TreasurerWAY COOLThe Sierra Club has been dealing with environmentalissues related to the militarization of the border forsome time. Walls, lights and patrol roads are takinga toll on human life as well as wildlife.The U.S. Border Patrol is now proposing the constructionof four new roads parallel to the border and wants tobe able to use many more illegal roads in highly sensitiveareas. These wildcat roads, made by drug runners, migrantborder-crossers and the Border Patrol, have left manyrecently pristine areas a wasteland. Furthermore, a greatdeal of trash has been left by these activities. (In part, thisis due to the Border Patrol not having room in vans tocarry trash and personal items, and “coyotes” makingpeople leave luggage so they aren’t obviously immigrants.)It has been a Sierra Club policy to collaborate withother groups whose aims are in line with ours. HumaneBorders is a faith-based organization dedicated to providinghumanitarian assistance to migrants in the desert and tochanging the policies which encourage migrants to crossthe desert. One of its many activities is to remove migranttrash and debris from the desert. Since this is in line withthe Sierra Club’s many service outings, we are listing theircleanup trips in our Events section (see page 4).These service days will be the second Saturday of eachmonth now through October. All trips leave from the FirstChristian Church, 740 E. Speedway Blvd. (at the southwestcorner of First Avenue). Trips depart between 6 a.m.and 7 a.m. and return in the early afternoon. Call theHumane Borders office at 628-7753 for times and otherinformation, including what to bring. Send an e-mail email@example.com for more information.The Tucson Audubon Society is hosting the 5th AnnualIronwood Festival on Saturday, May 15 from 4 p.m. to8 p.m. with a rich program of activities and entertainmentat the Mason Audubon Center, located on a 22-acre naturepreserve at 8751 N. Thornydale Road.Among the activities celebrating the regional beauty,diversity, and cultural richness of the Sonoran Desert are:• live animal presentations of bobcat, raptors, reptiles,The inviting waters of Hutch’s Pool in Sabino Basin arethe target of a July 24 Sierra Club outing. See theOutings listings on page 5 for details.Ironwood Festival Celebrates, Supports the Desertarthropods and small mammals such as bats.• guided nature walks and hands-on booth activities.• cultural performances from the Wa:k Tab BasketDancers of the Tohono O’odham Nation.Admission is $5 for adults and free for children age 18and under. Proceeds benefit ironwood preservation andenvironmental education activities of the Mason AudubonCenter.In This IssueMake a Difference: Vote “Yes” on Question 1 .................. 1Note from the Chair .......................................................... 2Service Outings Target Migrants’ Border Debris .............. 3Ironwood Festival Celebrates, Supports the Desert ........ 3Calendar of Events .......................................................... 4Rincon Group Outings ..................................................... 5Game & Fish Traces Roots to Conservationist ................ 6Rabies Outbreak Calls for Extra Awareness .................... 83
Rincon Group Meetingsat the Botanical GardensJoin fellow Sierra Club members at the Tucson BotanicalGardens, 2150 N. Alvernon Way, for educational, entertainingand social gatherings the second Thursday of eachmonth. There is no admission fee—the programs are free.THURSDAY, MAY 13, 7 P.M.: Campaign To RestoreGrand Canyon National Park. The Greater Grand CanyonEcoregion is one of the largest and most diverse landscapesin Arizona. The area encompasses two national monuments,two national forests, several wilderness areas, as well as thecrown jewel of our national parks:Grand Canyon National Park. Despitespecial protections for the park andsurrounding areas, there are numerousthreats to this important landscape. Weinvite you to learn more about thiscritical issue for our state and join adistinguished panel in a discussionand slide presentation. Guests will include:Sierra Club Grand CanyonChapter Conservation Outreach DirectorSandy Bahr, immediate past chairof the Grand Canyon Chapter JimMcCarthy, and others. Refreshmentsserved.○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○Conservation Committee MeetingsThe Conservation Committee normally meets the thirdThursday of each month at 7 p.m. at the Historic Y, FirstFloor Conference Room, 738 N. Fifth Ave., to hear presentations,discuss issues, and plan and take action. Open toSierra Club members. Join in and become active in the SierraClub’s mission of preserving and protecting our naturalheritage. Call 620-6401 for information about topics and toconfirm meeting dates.Calendar of EventsJoin us at theTucson BotanicalGardens!4ONGOINGLOCAL ISSUES• Open Space Preservation• Sonoran DesertConservation Plan• Energy• Transportation• Water• National Monuments/Preserving Our Heritage• Border Issues• Environmental JusticeExecutive Committee MeetingsThe Rincon Group’s Executive Committee meets to conductclub business the last Thursday of each month at 7 p.m.at the Historic Y, 738 N. Fifth Ave., near University Boulevard.All Sierra Club members are welcome at executive committeemeetings. For more information, call (520) 620-6401.○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○Tucson Inner City Outings GatheringsTUESDAY, JUNE 10, 7 p.m.: TheReturn of the Mexican Gray Wolf.Author and conservation advocate Bobbie Holaday will discussher book The Return of the Mexican Gray Wolf: Back tothe Blue. Published by the University of Arizona Press, thisis the story of Bobbie’s work to help bring back the wolvesto the wilds of eastern Arizona. Bobbie will sign books, andcopies of her book will be available for purchase with allproceeds going to the Mexican Wolf Trust Fund. Our ownConservation Outreach Director, Sandy Bahr, will be on handto discuss what we can all do to help the Mexican gray wolfthrive in the wilds of Arizona and New Mexico.○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○The Tucson Inner City Outings Subcommittee meets onthe second Tuesday of each month. We eat pizza and socializeat 6:30 p.m., then at 7 we get down to the enjoyable businessof scheduling trips with local youth. The activities includeday hikes, overnighters, nature walks and communitycleanups. All are fun outings and we need volunteers. ContactCo-Chairs Andy Small (326-9079,firstname.lastname@example.org) or Matt Nelson (404-7992,email@example.com) for more information.Borderlands Service OutingsSierra Club members are invited to join members of the nonprofitorganization Humane Borders in a series of serviceoutings to remove migrant trash and debris from the desert.These service days will be the second Saturday of each monthfrom now through October. All trips leave from the FirstChristian Church, 740 E. Speedway Blvd. (at the southwestcorner of First Avenue). Departure times will vary due to thesummer heat, so please call the Humane Borders office at628-7753 for the current times. Send an e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org for further information.
JUNE 12 (SATURDAY) “C” Cactus Forest Trail dayhike,Saguaro National Park East (4-mile route, little elevationchange). A leisurely hike awaits us through the dense desertcactus growth in the beautiful Saguaro National Park East.Bring at least one quart of water, food, sunscreen and a hat.Call Rich Genser at 529-4899.JUNE 13 (SUNDAY) “B” Cave Canyon dayhike. (5-mileroute, 2200-foot elevation change). We will follow the heavilyforested and short but steep Cave Canyon trail in the SantaRitas to Florida Saddle. At that point we will continue eastto a bald high point with unobstructed views of the surroundingterrain. Plan on eating a relaxing lunch at the top andbring plenty of water. Call Drew Milsom at 908-1087 (evenings).JUNE 27 (SUNDAY) “C” David Yetman Trail dayhike,Tucson Mountains (6.7-mile route, 300-foot elevationchange). This trail was named after the former county supervisor,a staunch defender of the environment. Features of thehike include a view of the Central Arizona Project’s CatMountain storage reservoir, remnants of the Bowen stonehouse, and a number of very young saguaros. Call RichGenser at 529-4899.JULY 8-11 (THURSDAY-SUNDAY) “B/C” Mt. Grahamcar camp, Pinaleno Mountains. Let’s escape the summer heatby traveling to the highest nearby peak (10,710 feet), nearSafford. The forest consists of lush, dense pines and nearbyis Ash Creek. We’ll camp at Hospital Flats at 9,000-foot elevation.It’s a tent-only campground. We’ll do B and C hikesnear there, including the luscious Ash Creek trail, which featuresthe creek, lots of big trees, a view of a waterfall andnumerous butterflies. Or, you can lounge around the campground,relax and soak in the cool pine air. If you can’t makeit all four days, you could drive up during that time and meetus. There may be a nominal overnight camping fee—informationwill be available before we go. Call David Martin at795-9159 or e-mail email@example.com.JULY 24 (SATURDAY) “B” Hutch’s Pool dayhike (12-mile route, 1,300-foot elevation change). The temperaturewill be just right for diving into the deliciously cool watersof Hutch’s Pool in Sabino Canyon. We will catch the firstSabino Canyon shuttle in the morning and then hike to thepool for a relaxing day of swimming, diving, chatting andCheck the Web SiteBe sure to check the Rincon Group Web site for updatesand upcoming hikes that may not be listed here:www.arizona.sierraclub.org/rincon/hikes.htmlRincon Group Outings5Hike GuideA—More than 16 miles/more than3,000 ft. elevation changeB—8-16 miles/1,500-3,000 ft. elevationchangeC—3-8 miles/500-1,500 ft. elevationchangeD—less than 3 miles/500 ft. or lesselevation change• Outings are by reservation; call the leader early. Grouplimit is 20.• The trip leader has absolute authority to question trip participantsas to their equipment, conditioning and experience beforeand during the trip.• No firearms, radios or pets are allowed.• Sierra Club liability covers leaders only.• Each participant is responsible for his or her own first aidequipment. If you are injured, notify the leader immediately.• If you leave the trip, with or without the leader’s permission,you are considered to be on your own until you rejoin the group.• Hikers are encouraged to carpool and share the driver’s fuelexpense. Suggested compensation is 5 cents per mile.• Donations are accepted from all participants at $1 per memberand $3 per nonmember. Money is collected by the tripleader and deposited with the sponsoring group treasurer.• For more information, call David Martin at 795-9159 or e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org books on the beach. This hike is about kicking backin the great outdoors, so we will probably stay at the poolabout 3 hours or so. Bring food to share and we will make ita potluck. The cost of the shuttle is approximately $6. CallDavid Martin at 795-9159 or e-mail him email@example.com.AUGUST 8 (SUNDAY) “C+” Oracle Ridge to Apache Peakdayhike, Santa Catalina Mountains (8-mile route, 1,400-footelevation change). A great Web site, www.localhikes.com,provides the following abbreviated description of this hike:The trail starts off winding through some trees and grasslands.Immediately when you begin getting up on the ridgeyou’ll have great views of the town of Oracle to the northand the Galiuro Mountains to the east. You can tell somebulldozers have been in there pushing dirt around which wasfrom the 2002 Bullock fire. As you get higher on the ridgeyou will get into the Bullock fire area as well as views of theBiosphere 2 to the west and San Manuel to the east. After thefirst burn area you’ll drop into a valley where the Bullockfire area and the 2003 Aspen fire area meet. Looking up thetrail and you’ll have a good view of Apache Peak, which hasbeen burned. We’ll get off to an early start to take advantageof the morning’s relative cool temperature. Call David Martinat 795-9159 or email firstname.lastname@example.org.
From Wildlife to Wilderness, Leopold Left His MarkContinued from previous pageorganizing work there. After establishing a GPA atSpringerville, Leopold helped form clubs at Flagstaff,Payson and Tucson.One of the first projects undertaken by Leopold’sconverts to the GPA cause was to change Arizona’s gamelaws. Instituted by the state legislature in 1913, the gamecode was viewed by the members of the sportsmen’s clubsas being too liberal. (Non-hunters often don’t realize howconservative many sport hunters are regarding the lengthof hunting seasons and size of bag limits.) Having had noluck in getting legislators interested in revising the code,the sportsmen circulated initiative petitions, and a measureamending Arizona’s game laws was put on the generalelection ballot in the fall of 1916.The initiative narrowly passed, shortening the seasonsand reducing bag limits for deer, turkey and Gambel’squail. The price of a resident hunting and fishing licensewas increased from 50 cents to $1.25. The sportsmen wereelated by the success of their initiative, but within a fewyears they would work for its repeal.This was a time of growing concern for wildlifethroughout the country. Owing to decades of unrestrictedhunting, as well as other factors, the outlook for manykinds of game animals was bleak, and many innovativeprograms to benefit them were being proposed. Forexample, state game refuges were becoming popular. Butwith the cooperationof state lawmakersbeing needed at everyturn, it was difficultto try new approaches.Conservationistswanted to actmore quickly inresponse to changinggame conditions, butcould not do so whengame regulationsCurrent Game & FishCommission MembersSusan E. Chilton, Chair—ArivacaW. Hays Gilstrap—PhoenixJoe Melton—YumaMichael M. Golightly—FlagstaffJoe Carter—Saffordwere locked in place by laws that only legislatures couldrevise. Across the nation, there was a search for moreflexible forms of game administration.After years of political wrangling, in 1921 AldoLeopold and the New Mexico Game Protective Associationpersuaded the state legislature to give an unpaidcommission, appointed by the governor, the authority toestablish game regulations having the force of law. Thenew commission had the power to set hunting seasons andbag limits, create state wildlife refuges, and hire andsupervise the state game warden. The commission coulddevote its full attention to game and fish matters and shieldthe professionals in the game department from unduepolitical influence.7Under the old plan, the state game warden served at thepleasure of the governor, and there were rumors that thewarden had granted special privileges to some of thegovernor’s friends. But of primary importance, the newgoverning body could meet at any time and quicklyaddress a wildlife crisis.Members of the Arizona Game Protective Association(AGPA) desperately wanted a similar game commissionfor their state. But they werestymied by the rigid nature of the1916 initiative. Before a betterstructure for game administrationcould be instituted, the 1916initiative would have to berepealed at the ballot box. Aftersix years of hard work, theAGPA finally convinced theArizona Legislature to place areferendum repealing the 1916initiative on the 1928 ballot. Thereferendum passed. The grip ofAldo Leopoldthe 1916 initiative had beenbroken.In the spring of 1929, the Arizona Legislature passed anew game code drafted by the AGPA. The new codecreated a three-person, unpaid game and fish commissionto be appointed by the governor. The commission had fullauthority to set and modify game regulations, establishstate game refuges, and hire and direct the activities of thestate game warden.The new game and fish commission went to work witha will. Hunting seasons and bag limits were adjusted aschanging conditions seemed to warrant. Biologists werehired and wildlife research projects begun. The state gamerefuge program was greatly expanded. By 1927, theArizona Legislature had set aside six refuges; by 1937, thecommission had added 62 refuges to the system!A number of changes regarding Arizona’s game and fishadministration have taken place since World War II. Thecommission has been enlarged to five members, with onecommissioner being appointed by the governor each yearfor a five-year term. The title of the state game warden hasbeen changed to “director.” The state game refuge system,found to be biologically unsound, has been dismantled.(Only sport hunting was restricted in the small refuges. Allother activities—mining, grazing, timber cutting, roadbuilding, and so forth—were unaffected.)The Arizona Game Protective Association has becomethe Arizona Wildlife Federation, and its parent organizationis now the National Wildlife Federation. But thefundamental structure and mission of the Arizona Gameand Fish Commission and Department remain much thesame as when first created in 1929.