Crime Prevention in Denmark
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Crime Prevention in Denmark

Crime Preventionin Denmark

Publisher:The Danish CrimePrevention CouncilOdinsvej 19, 2. floorDK-2600 GlostrupPhone (+45) 43 44 88 88Fax (+45) 33 43 01 39dkr@crimprev.dkwww.crimprev.dkPhoto:Scanpix, Søren Hytting, page 26Photodisc, cover andpage 4-5, 8, 12, and 21Design:MONTAGEbureauet ApSPrinted by:Kailow Graphic A/S1st edition:3.000 copiesDKR 02-141-0209ISBN 87-88789-43-8Copying permitted withreference to sourceSeptember 2002

ContentsCrime Prevention in Denmark . . . . . . . . . . . 6Organisation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7Description ofthe Council’s current work:SSP Co-operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13Better housing – less crime . . . . . . . . . . . . 15Children and Young People . . . . . . . . . . . . 17Prevention of Violence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19Technical security measures . . . . . . . . . . . 21Other activities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24The Council at festivals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26Fred’s fencing shop . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26TranslationsCPCSSPDTSUKOMPUDVEPTUCrime Prevention CouncilSchools, Social Services, The PoliceThe Technical Safeguarding CommitteeThe Crime Prevention Information CommitteeThe Committee for Crime Prevention byPlanning Residential EnvironmentsThe Violence Prevention UnitThe Crime Prevention Scheme Advisory Board5

OrganisationThe Plenary AssemblyThe Danish Crime Prevention Councilhas a broad foundation consisting ofmore than 42 private and public member(umbrella) organisations. These organisationsconstitute the plenary meeting.Executive CommitteeThe executive committee representsthe plenary assembly when it comes toplanning initiatives to be arranged andlaunched by the Crime PreventionCouncil and is furthermore responsibleto the assembly for the daily work carriedout by the secretariat.Standing CommitteesFive standing committees and a ThinkTank form the core of the Council’s work:1. The Technical SafeguardingCommittee (DTS)2. The Crime Prevention SchemeAdvisory Board (PTU)3. The Crime Prevention InformationCommittee (UKO)4. The SSP Committee (SSP)5. The Committee for Crime Preventionthrough Planning Residential Environments(MPU)6. A Think Tank assisting The ViolencePrevention Unit (DVE)80 people represent the 42 memberorganisations on the five committees.The Danish Crime Prevention Councilhas a central advisory and consultativerole in society as a whole. On requestand/or based on trends or acute problems,the Council offers advice and guidanceto professionals as well as to thegeneral public. Through a contact personscheme with the 54 local police districts,the Danish Crime PreventionCouncil can also initiate quick contactswith local SSP committees.Moreover, the Council gives money tocrime preventive projects and projectdevelopment work that may give theDanish Crime Prevention Council knowledgeand experience that will later beThe Crime Prevention CouncilWorking Partiespassed on to municipalities and policedistricts in Denmark.Projects and project development workmay be described and initiated by theDanish Crime Prevention Council. Orthey may be local projects that after havingbeen approved and recommended bythe local SSP committees gain financialsupport from the Danish Crime PreventionCouncil. The Council requires evaluationof issues that it thinks will be able tobring new experience and knowledge thatwill be useful to other SSP committees.The five standing committeesSome of the participants in the standingcommittees are representatives from themember organisations that the DanishCrime Prevention Council has immediatelythought could contribute with specialistknowledge. Some of the representativeshave applied to be accepted asThe Crime Prevention CouncilThe Plenary AssemblyTechnicalSafeguardingCommitteeCrime PreventionSchemes AdvisoryBoardCrime PreventionInformationCommitteeSSP CommitteePreventiveEnvrionmentalPlanning CommitteeThink TankThe ViolencePrevention UnitExecutive CommitteeNationalCommissioner,s “A”DepartmentCrime PreventionCouncil Secretariat7

Memberorganisationsin the CPC• The Institute of LegalScience, University ofCopenhagen (Chairman)• Insurance and Pensions inDenmark (DeputyChairman)• The Danish Bar and LawSociety• National Olympic Committeeand Sports Confederation ofDenmark,• DLF – Danish Union ofTeachers• Danish EmployersConfederation• The Danish Welfare Society• Danish Commerce andServices,• The Confederation ofDanish Industries• The Danish Criminal PoliceAssociation• The Danish Association ofSocial Workers,• The Association of DanishJudges• The Danish Chamber ofCommerce.• The Department of Prisonsand Probation• The Medical Officer ofHealth Association• Danish Bankers Association• The Association of PrisonGovernors and DeputyGovernors.• The Danish Chief ConstablesAssociation• School and Society (ParentalSchool Association)• COOP Denmark (TheDanish Co-operative Retailand Wholesale Society),• The Danish Federation ofSmall and Medium-SizedEnterprises• The Judicial Department forLegal- and Crime Science,University of Århusmembers. Applicants with specialist expertisethat the individual committeehas needed have been received. Furthermore,the individual committee maychoose to add to its members by includingindividual persons who possess anexpertise that the committee thinks itmay benefit from.The prevailing themes that the standingcommittees work with each year are chosenby the executive committee followingrecommendations from the chairmenof the 5 standing committees.The 5 standing committees work independentlyand inform the executive committeeof the work done in the committees.Initiatives of a fundamental nature are tobe accepted by the executive committee.The Technical SafeguardingCommittee (DTS) and The CrimePrevention Scheme Advisory Board(PTU) work together closely. DTS workswith technical security measures to safeguardthe individual, his valuables andgoods against crime. The aims of theAdvisory Board are to develop counsellingand guidelines on appropriateprocedures and behaviour that can preventthe individual from becoming a victimof crime.Based on the discussion in the committee,general and specific recommendationsare made on how the individualmay avoid becoming a victim of crime– including, naturally, organised crime.The material is intended for both privateindividuals and for particular companies(shops, banks, saving banks).Recommendations are made as to how theindividual may be protected against robbery,burglary in private homes (includingweekend cottages in particular), shoplifting,theft committed by employees andtheft from weekend cottages. Markingvaluables and establishing neighbourhoodwatch schemes – both of which are widespreadprojects in Denmark – are examplesof the committee’s work.Moreover, the Committee offers advicein person and on the telephone as well asfinancial support to local projects and tonation-wide crime prevention-campaigns(on such topics as handling stolen goods,theft, marking valuables, neighbourhoodwatch schemes and an extensive campaignon car engine immobilisers).The Committee also takes part in theContact Committee,with the police,financial institutions, post offices, andthe Danish Bankers Association.8

The TechnicalSafeguarding CommitteeMember Organisations:The Society of Danish Engineers(Chairmann), COOP Denmark (The DanishCo-operative Retail and Wholesale Society),Insurance and Pensions in Denmark,Danish Commerce and Services, TheDanish Trade Organisation for Safety andSecurity, The Danish Federation of Smalland Medium-Sized Enterprises, The DanishConsumer Council, The Danish CertifiedElectricians Association, The Danish NationalPolice, The Danish Locksmith Association,Federation of Danish Motorists, TheDanish Council of Practising Architects.The Crime PreventionScheme Advisory BoardMember Organisations:Insurance and Pensions in Denmark(Chairman), Post Denmark, COOPDenmark (The Danish Co-operative Retailand Wholesale Society), The DanishTenants Association, Danish Commerceand Services, The Association of PoliceLeaders in Denmark, The Danish PropertyFederation, The Union of Commercial andClerical Employees, The Danish NationalPolice, The Danish Chamber of Commerce.The Crime PreventionInformation Committee (UKO)A great deal of the Council’s work consistsof working with children and youngpeople. UKO is responsible for developingmethods and initiatives that willstrengthen crime prevention work in primaryschools, after-school programmes,youth clubs and other institutions foryoung people.UKO’s aims are to gain knowledgeabout the causes that lead children andyoung people to show criminal conduct(and other forms of destructive andselfdestructive behaviour), and to passthis information on to professionals, parentsand the general public. Another aimis to get ideas and make suggestions asto what schools, institutions, societiesand other places, where adults have jointresponsibility for the lives and developmentof children and young people, cando to ensure that all children and youngpeople have the opportunity of choosinga good life, i.e. reject crime, drug abuseand other anti-social and destructivebehaviour. There UKO supports projectsand development work that can contributeto gaining knowledge and ideasas well as to processing and passing thisknowledge on. The committee has overthe years published crime preventiveeducational material that is highly recommendedboth nationally and internationally.The Crime PreventionInformation CommiteeMember Organisations:The Ministry of Education (Chairman),The National Youth Forum Association,The Danish Federation of Early ChildhoodTeachers and Youth Educators, TheDepartment of Prisons and Probation,University of Copenhagen, SSP Joint-Council, The National League of Leadersof the Youth Schools, Crime PreventionDepartment - Copenhagen Police, TheDanish Union of Teachers, The DanishCriminal Police Association, The DanishUniversity of Education, Association ofSchool and Society (Parental SchoolAssociation), The National Federation ofTeachers in Adult and Youth Education,The Visiting Nurses Association, TheMasters Associations, The Danish Union ofTeachers - Managers Association, DanishUnion of Teachers, Joint-Council of ChildIssues.The Committee for Crime Preventionby Planning Residential Environments(MPU)This committee works with the reductionof crime by urban planning and buildingdesign and methods and initiativesto improve the physical, cultural andsocial conditions in housing areas. Experienceshows that there is a clear connectionbetween the physical environmentin the local area and factors thatlead to criminal behaviour.Member organisations in theCPC• The Ministry of Justice,• Local Government Denmark• The Danish Prisons andProbation Association.• The National Federation ofTeachers in Adult andYouth Education• The National League ofLeaders of the Youth Schools• The National Youth ForumAssociation• The Danish Confederationof Trade Unions• The Commissioner of theCopenhagen Police• The Police Union inDenmark• The Public ProsecutorsAssociation• Post Denmark• The Director of PublicProsecutions• The National Commissionerof Police• The Trade Organisation forSafety and Security• The Ministry of SocialAffairs• The National Federation ofSocial Educators• Central Customs and TaxAdministration• The Ministry of Education• The Guard and AlarmTrade Organisations• SSP Joint-Council• Joint-Council of Child Issues• The Federation of non-profitHousing in Denmark• Jacques Blum, UniversitySenior Lecturer in Sociology• Jørn Vestergaard, UniversityLecturer in Criminal Law9

The aims of MPU work are to set guidelinesfor the general preventive methodsthat the Council can recommend based onthe physical environment in the area. TheCouncil also sets guidelines for its supportand help in promoting local crime preventionby planning residential environments.The committee’s target groups are all residentsin a given local area, housing associations,town planners and architects.The Committee for CrimePrevention through PlanningResidential EnvironmentsMember Organisations:Local Government Denmark (Chairman),The National Federation of SocialEducators, The Danish TenantsAssociation, The National OlympicCommittee and Sports Confederation ofDenmark, SSP Joint-Council, The Society ofDanish Engineers, The Danish TownPlanning Institute, The Danish Ministry ofHousing and Urban Affairs, The NationalYouth Forum, Danish Building and UrbanResearch Institute, The Federation of nonprofitHousing in Denmark, The DanishCriminal Police Association, The PoliceUnion in Denmark, The Federation ofDanish Architects, Association of UrbanPlanners, The University of CopenhagenThe SSP CommitteeSSP stands for a form of interdisciplinaryand cross sectional co-operation involvingschools and after-school programmes(S), the social services and healthcare services (S) and the police (P).The SSP Committee under the DanishCrime Prevention Council was set up in1975. The objective of the SSP committeeis to guide and assist local authoritiesin establishing SSP co-operation in thecommunities. In 1996 the SSP Committeeexpressed the declaration of theirintentions for the SSP co-operation in thefollowing way: The central aim for SSPco-operationis• to build up a local network that• has a crime preventive effect on thedaily lives of children and young peopleThe central SSP Committee works primarilywith planning initiatives that mayreinforce interdisciplinary and cross sectionalco-operation locally. The centralSSP Committee encourages all municipalitiesto establish formalised SSP cooperation– and offers advice and guidelinesto municipalities and the police onhow the work may be planned and whichinitiatives are to be taken.More than 95% of Danish municipalitieshave now established SSP committees inaccordance with the guidelines laid downby the CPC.When the expression “formal” co-operationis used, it is not legally binding cooperationbut co-operation based on themunicipalities’ decision to work in interdisciplinaryand cross-sectional SSP cooperation.Due to local government of the Danishmunicipalities it would not be possiblecentrally to demand that municipalitiesestablish interdisciplinary and crosssectionalco-operation. This would onlybe possible if the Danish Parliament (theFolketing) passed a law saying that thismust be so.Legislation coveringSSP co-operationLegislation obliges the school system,the social services and the police tocarry out crime prevention work in itsbroadest sense.This obligation is not expressly mentionedin the Primary Education Act.However, the objectives state that theindividual pupil should acquire all roundpersonal development, something that isvery difficult to realise if the young personis involved in drug abuse or crime.Legislation on social services obligesstaff to supervise the conditions childrenand young people live in. This includesthe possibility of supporting them in creatingthe best possible conditions forgrowing up.10

Legislation covering the social services,health care and education ensures thatthe population can maintain a certainstandard of living and receive free treatmentunder the National Health Serviceand free education in Danish primaryschools. Legislation concerning housingregulations, including planning and urbanrenewal programmes, ensureshealthy housing standards. All thesethings play a long-term part in bringingdown crime.The obligations of the police are notstated in detail in section 108 of theDanish Administration of Justice Act,according to which the police must dowhatever is necessary to prevent crime.The administrative sphereof the Ministry of Justiceas regards the Police:Director of PublicProsecutionsRegional PublicProsecutorsCommissioner of theCopenhagen Police/Chief ConstablesThe Ministerfor JusticeThe NationalCommissionerIt should be added that provisions in section115b of the Danish Administrationof Justice Act enable the laws concerningprofessional confidentiality to be disregardedto a limited extent in connectionwith SSP work.The SSP co-operation are to build up,use and maintain a local network thathas a crime preventive influence on thedaily lives of children and young people.The networks are also to be used todetect, at an early stage, danger signalsand new tendencies in the developmentof crime. Moreover they are able tonotice the development in the conditionsof life for children and young people.Another aim is to clarify which local preventionoptions there are on an interdisciplinaryand cross sectional basis, as wellas on a professional level in specific fields,school, social services, police, institutions,housing areas, recreational areas and culturalareas. Projects and specific effortsare made to try to prevent young peopleand groups of young people from engagingin inappropriate social behaviour, includingcriminal behaviour. And to preventthis type of behaviour from spreading.The SSP CommitteeMember Organisations:Chief Constable in Odense (Chairman),The Danish Federation of Early ChildhoodTeachers and Youth Educators, SSP Joint-Council, The Association of Police Leadersin Denmark, National Leauge of Leders ofthe Youth Schools, The Association ofDirectors of Dansh Social Welfare Services,The Danish Association of Social Workers,The Settlement - Askovgaarden, TheDanish Headmasters Association, LocalGovernment Denmark, The Federation ofnon-profit Housing in Denmark, TheMinistry of Justice, The Association ofCounty Councils in Denmark, The DanishUnion of Teachers, The Department ofPrisons and Probation, The NationalFederation of Social Educators, TheMinistry of Social Affairs, SSP-Secretariat,Municipality of Copenhagen, The PublicProsecutors Association, The DanishConfederation of Trade Unions, TheNational Federation of Teachers in Adultand Youth Education, Danish Employers’Confederation, The National Youth ForumAssociation, Joint Council for CouncellarsAssociation, Joint-Council of Child Issues11

Violence Prevention UnitThe Violence Prevention Unit was set upwithin the Crime Prevention Council atthe beginning of 2001 on the basis of adecision to transfer all the initiatives toprevent violence to the Crime PreventionCouncil.The Violence Prevention Unit combatsphysical and psychological violence by:• bringing together and passing on knowledgeabout the extent, nature and characterof violence in Denmark and to alimited extent in comparable countries• co-operating on an interdisciplinaryand cross-sectional basis in relationto specific tasks, giving professionaland/or financial support to nationalor local initiatives for the preventionof violence• developing methods that ensure thatprevention initiatives are adapted tothe needs of the target groupsAs a forum for knowledge, experience andinspiration the Violence Prevention Unithas a Think Tank. The Think Tank consistsof a professor from the ForensicsInstitute of the University of Copenhagen,a chief consultant from the Ministry ofJustice, a senior medical officer fromAarhus County Hospital, a chief constablefrom the Association of Chief Constables inDenmark, a Detective Commander fromthe Association of Police Leaders inDenmark, a development consultant fromSSP Joint Council and the leader of theSSP-Secretariat in Copenhagen.12

SSP co-operationSSP co-operation (between schools,social services and police) is thecornerstone of crime preventionwork with children and young people.By successive steps, over 95%of all municipalities have establishedSSP co-operation, and at thepresent time discussion is takingplace on how the quality of the cooperationcan be improved andextended.Quality development ofSSP co-operationThe Council is working on a project inwhich the country’s municipalities willbe offered the assistance of consultantsto develop plans of action for SSP co-operation.Eleven ad-hoc consultants havebeen trained and they will support themunicipalities in the process up to whenthe plans of action are ready. Agreementshave been made with 23 municipalitiesacross the country – these include bothlarge and small municipalities.A member of staff from the Council willestablish contacts with new municipalitiesand administer the corps of ad-hocconsultants.As support to the ad-hoc consultants,“model plans of action” will be workedout for small, medium-sized and largemunicipalities.Work with young people over 18The marginalised with the over-18 agegroup is another area the Council isfocussing on. It has been necessary toinvolve new partners in the co-operationso that young people with social problems,in particular, can be given betterprospects for the future.For many years the Council has recommended– and contributed towards –organising crime prevention initiativesfor both pre-school and post-school agegroups, so the idea of working with atarget group of over 18-year olds wasnot new.It is, however, essential to discuss howthe traditional SSP co-operation can bedeveloped to include other educationalinstitutions than primary schools. Thebackground for this is that many stateand county institutions (businessschools, high schools, vocational colleges,production schools and others)have come forward with specific problemsand would like to be included in theexisting SSP co-operation in their neighbourhoods.Many municipalities have followed theCouncil’s recommendations on involvingnew partners in the co-operation. Theresults show that groups are chiefly setup with representatives from public services,educational institutions etc that allhave in common the fact that they usuallywork with individual cases, counsellingor education.A typical group will be made up ofpeople from the following:• Social Services• Child and Youth Welfare Service• Cultural Affairs Service• Prison and Probation Service• Police• Integration Group• Outreach Youth EducationProgrammes• Youth School• Youth Guidance Service• Production School• SSP co-ordinator• Consultants working with drug abuse• Psychological advisorsYoung People and NightlifeIt should be safe for young people togo into town, and safe for parents to letthem go. So, in co-operation with the policeand licensed premises, the Councilhas published a booklet with suggestionsfor changes of the existing legislation aswell as guidelines on what can be done tomake a safer environment for the“nightlife crowd”. The guidelines havebeen sent to restaurants, cafes, thepolice, licensing boards and othersThe Crime PreventionCouncil’s folder with recommendationson how SSP cooperationis best organised ispublished in English. In addition,as a result of a researchproject in Poland, the folderhas now been translated intoPolish. The translation willbe put on the internet,www.crimprev.dk13

involved in the area. In the guidelinesthere are a number of ideas showing howbetter conditions can be created in andaround the licensed premises young peoplefrequent.Further training for SSP ConsultantsSSP consultants have been asking formore specific further training for severalyears, training that could upgrade theirqualifications for the work. In co-operationwith the SSP Joint Council and theNational Association of Local Authorities,the Council has put together severalcourses including:• Introductory Course for new SSP staff• SSP and the School (the role of SSPconsultants in the school’s crime preventionwork)• Project Management – optimalcommunication between partners,authorities and SSP staff• Handling Conflict – theoryand practice• Course in Cultural Understanding• The Visible SSP Consultant – a communicationtool to make visible thequality of the workIn addition courses are being planned onintegration, ethical issues and how todeal with the question of confidentiality.Lifestyle Surveysin the senior gradesThe SSP Committee has, in many cases,supported projects in which a municipalityhas carried out a fairly detailed survey,with self-reporting, of the lifestyleand conditions of young people. Theresults are then used to do specific preventionwork on conflict and violence,drug abuse and alcohol habits. This alsoresults in increased co-operation withparents. The Council will shortly publisha model plan for practioners based onthe evaluation of the live style surveys.Prevention ofChild Abuse and NeglectIn the CPC the crime prevention initiativestowards children and young peopleare based on the idea that every childhas a right to a safe and secure childhood.This attitude is also in accordancewith the UN Convention on the Rights ofthe Child from 1989. Denmark ratifiedthe Convention in 1991.CPC was aware that in order to be ableto prevent and/or stop child abuse andneglect, adults who are taking care ofchildren need to be well informed aboutthe signals and signs that might showthat a child is exposed to neglect, violenceor sexual abuse. Furthermoreknowledge about what to do, and whereto go with a possible suspicion is essentialand so are knowledge about co-operationwith other professionals and othersectors.CPC published in 1993 the first edition ofa book giving social, psychological andlegal advice to professionals, should theyencounter children exposed to neglect inany way.The book has been regularly revised.Over the years 75.000 copies have beendistributed free of charge. Major changesof the penal code and other laws as wellas growing knowledge about childrenand their development made it necessaryto rewrite and update the book.The new edition will be published inSeptember 2002. It is the intention ofCPC that the book should supply theprofessionals with knowledge that willenable them to secure that children arenot being abused and with knowledgeenough to prevent false accusations tobe raised.14

Better housing – less crimeIn recent years the Council has beenshowing a growing interest in housingareas and what influence theirdesign have on crime. Many surveyshave shown that physical settingsand local social involvement influencehow much crime is committed.Safe housing estatesHousing estates from the 60’s and 70’s inparticular were in many cases based on arequirement to be functional. Often notenough consideration was taken of thewell-being of the residents and opportunitiesfor them to “take possession of thearea”. Such housing areas are characterisedby anonymous, unsafe environments,which can be the root of crime andvandalism. When these housing estatesface renovation, it can be worthwhilethinking about crime prevention – it neednot be especially expensive or difficult.Through renovation, it is possible to goa long way in reducing problems ofcrime and vandalism on housing estates.But renovation programmes need to beplanned according to a number of basiccrime prevention principles. Accordinglyin 2001 the Council published the brochure“Safe Housing Estates – Suggestionsfor crime prevention in renovationprogrammes”. In this brochure buildingsocieties, housing associations, municipalplanning administrations and otherscan get good advice on how, by simplemeans, housing estates can be madesafer places to live and less obvious targetsfor crime.The instructions in the book are basedon the knowledge and experience thatinspiring and interesting housing estateswith good development opportunitiespromote responsibility towards theestate and other residents. In addition,the following five elements will protectthe estate against crime as they make itdifficult for an offender to commit acrime:• Plenty of people about using roads,paths and seating areas. Windows facingout to the recreational areas.• Good communal facilities, where residentsfeel like meeting each other.• Good clear views and visibility on outsideareas, car parks and stairways.Few hiding places and good lighting.• Clean, well-maintained surroundings.• Secure locks and few escape routes foran offender.There are many examples of housingestates successfully creating safer environmentsthrough renovation programmes.But in most cases success dependson to what extent the residents are involvedin the process. An important prerequisitein achieving good results is infact that the residents are consulted –and in this way share responsibility forthe changes.A lot of money is used on improving problemhousing estates, and for a number ofyears social activities have been in specialfocus in Denmark. The Crime PreventionCouncil believes that the social initiativesthat have been the practice in problemareas should, to a much greater degree, gohand in hand with physical improvementsto which the residents have actively contributed.Social projects have poor conditionsfor success if the physical surroundingsare unsuitable or uninviting to be in.Research into urban areasand housing estatesThe Council is involved in two researchprojects that concern crime on housingestates.The first project has covered physicalconditions, in particular housing, aroundthe scene of break-ins in one particularmunicipality. The main conclusions are:• The closer the housing estate is to thesuburban line station and shoppingcentre, the greater the likelihood is ofa break-in• There is no unequivocal connectionbetween the frequency of break-ins inan area and socio-economic conditions,which are often assigned significance,“Safe Housing Estates” makesa series of suggestions for psysicalimprovements that canhelp prevent crime and vandalism.15

Before and after a renovation:A hard and anonymous forecourthas become more friendly.Disorder at the bicycle park isa sign that nobody is taking thearea in the proportion of single peoplewith or without children, or the proportionof young people or foreigners. Insome areas that have been analysed,there is both a high frequency ofbreak-ins and a large proportion of foreigners,but there are also areas withlarge proportions of foreigners wherethe frequency of break-ins is low• Connection between frequency ofbreak-ins and ability to see over anarea. If, as a result of dense foliage,high hedges, fences or small buildings,a third party cannot see theactions of an offender, the likelihoodof a break-in is greater• If a house differs from others by beingbetter built, better maintained andmore expensive than is normal forthe neighbourhood, the likelihood ofa break-in is greater• The same applies if the path systemsprovide suitable escape routes• If unemployment is either very low orof considerable proportions, the likelihoodof a break-in is much greater• If there are few people receiving statebenefits combined with few youngpeople under 17 years of age, the likelihoodof a break-in is considerableThe results of this research project suggestthat crime prevention work can withadvantage be applied further.In the other research project the CrimePrevention Council and Denmark’sBuilding Research Institute are in theprocess of investigating the results of differenttypes of social initiatives and physicaland organisational changes on about100 housing estates. In particular theyare investigating what influence theseinitiatives and changes have had on boththe crime as experienced and the actualhousing-related crime over a 7-year period.When the project is complete, probablyin the spring of 2003, the playersin crime prevention work in urban areasand housing estates will have gainedvaluable information on the initiativesthat have the greatest effect so that themany initiatives can be more specificallydirected.Urban spaces as a main themeOver the last few years open spaces andsquares in towns have been “revitalised”as meeting places, places to “hang around”in and places for different activities – led inpart by the youth culture. In the Council’sexperience, urban spaces and the layoutand improvement of neighbourhoods arevaluable for the development of socialrelations, individual competence, securitymeasures and the continuing developmentof cultural values and qualities. Anew main theme for the Council will consequentlybe: “to support and developinitiatives that can ensure a safe environmentand prevent crime in urbanspaces”.The Crime Prevention Council will bemore evidently and actively engaged inthe debate on concerted physical planningin towns as a whole. The view isthat it is necessary to think in terms ofthe whole, in far-sighted, visionary perspectivesin order that crime preventioncan be brought into the physical settingsin town development.16

Children and Young PeopleCrime prevention work in schoolsand institutions has a very importantplace in the work of the Council. Thefundamental idea behind crime preventionis that if children and youngpeople have good opportunities fordevelopment, there will be fewer ofthem who turn to crime. Parents andprofessional groups working with childrenand young people share responsibilityfor ensuring that children andyoung people develop the ability to actcompetently and the awareness of valuesthat will make them reject crimeand drug abuse.In the experience of the Crime PreventionCouncil, there is generally a lack ofin-depth theoretical knowledge abouthow crime prevention can form part ofthe traditional work with children andyoung people. Consequently a significantpart of the Council’s work involves developingeducational materials that can beused by professionals working with childrenand young people.“Children of the Future”“Children of the Future”, a publicationfrom the Crime Prevention Council, givesan idea of how work on crime preventioncan be done. Different theories are presentedon the optimal conditions for childrento grow up in. The publication alsocontains examples of various projectsthat focus on the well-being of children.Children and young people that are nothappy and content are in fact in the riskgroup for committing crime. An importanttask for professionals working withchildren and young people is consequentlyto notice symptoms of unhappinessand discontent before the children becomeinvolved in criminal behaviour orother forms of inappropriate behaviour.If work is to be done on basic crime prevention,or on developing in children theability to act competently, it is often toolate to direct attention to children whohave already committed crime. On theother hand, it would be desirable for professionalsto have crime prevention inmind as soon as they become aware ofany neglect or ill-treatment. In this way,they can intervene at an early stage,either on their own or in co-operationwith professionals from other areas ofcompetence, by starting some compensatoryinitiatives and at the same time ensuringthat opportunities exist for the child’soptimal well-being and development.By focussing on early initiatives, it is perhapspossible to make suggestions as towhich professionals should be responsiblefor work with crime prevention atvarious stages in the child’s life.The five theoretical contributions in“Children of the Future” have as theirbasis the following subject areas: criminology,psychology, pedagogic theory,sociology and philosophy. It is hopedthat the knowledge, experience and suggestions,contained in the publication,will inspire professionals to work in aspecifically directed and conscious waywith both general crime prevention andwith specific prevention in relation tochildren whose upbringing and carehave been neglected.… And those outside– three educational films and accompanyingnotes for teachers on bullying.For many years bullying has been regardedas an unavoidable part of school life.But this does not need to be so. Experiencefrom schools where work has beenconsciously directed at improving thesocial atmosphere shows that bullyingcan be considerably reduced. And whensomething is done about bullying, it appearsthat other problems such as vandalism,violence, petty theft and truancy arealso reduced. This is because workagainst bullying is not only work againstexclusion, but it is also work for more tolerance,consideration and mutual respect.In 2001 the Crime Prevention Council inco-operation with the Council of“Children of the Future”describes in both theory andpractice how teachers and educationalistscan work withcrime prevention.17

Children and Arentoft Film Companybrought out three educational films andaccompanying notes for teachers on bullying.The films portray how school children indifferent grades experience bullying othersor being bullied. The notes for teacherscontain a definition of bullying, a descriptionof the signs the teacher shouldbe aware of in order to uncover bullying,a short summary of each film, suggestionsfor questions that can be discussedin class, suggestions for activities andother things.The three documentary films are designedfor different grades: “I’m upset by it”for the youngest, “The cave and thoseoutside” for the middle grades and“Good, it’ll soon be over” for the eldest.There is no substantiated connectionbetween bullying and subsequent criminalbehaviour. However it is known thatrisk of criminal behaviour is many timesgreater when pupils are not happy aboutgoing to school. A specifically directedinitiative against bullying can at the sametime take into consideration the UN Conventionon the Rights of Children, whichshould secure the right of the individualchild to a worthy schooling (Article 28 ofthe Convention).Lesson plans for policeteachers in primary schoolsIn police districts across the country, anumber of police officers are involved ineducational activities with children andyoung people in the cause of crime prevention.Some of these educational activitiestake place in schools, where policeofficers come in as “visiting teachers”over the whole course of the children’sschooling. They teach a couple of lessonsat a time in co-operation with theschoolteachers. Themes for the teachingcan be road safety, theft and robbery,alcohol and drugs, vandalism etc.There is a great demand for visitingpolice teachers who, in keeping with thisdevelopment, need up-to-date educationalmethods and materials.As a result, the Crime Prevention Council,in cooperation with a group of visitingpolice teachers, is in the process of developinga series of lesson plans for theteaching. The material will contain varioussuggestions on how to organise theteaching for children and young peoplein various age groups and in various thematiccontexts. The material is expectedto be ready in the autumn of 2002.Officer BullerOfficer Buller is a dog possessing allhuman characteristics in his work asneighbourhood police officer. The cartoonfigure should give visiting policeteachers in primary schools an especiallygood opportunity to communicate withthe youngest pupils in various contexts.Office Buller – a nice dog with human characteristicsVisiting police teachers have found thedog to be a good starting point for a chatwith the 6-8 year-olds on various topics.For example, Officer Buller can set thestage for a discussion on bullying, howpeople can help each other, socially acceptablebehaviour, what is yours and mine– or taken as a whole, what is good andbad when people are together with others.The Council has begun cooperation thatshould lead to the production of OfficerBuller as a hand puppet, a jig-saw puzzle,a colouring book and a picture book – upto now he has only appeared as a cartoonfigure.At the same time, material is being producedto enable class teachers to continuethe discussions with the pupils and totake up various problems that are presentedwith the parents. This could includea chat about values, awareness ofvalues, prioritising values, and choicebased on an ethical standpoint.18

Prevention of ViolenceStronger initiatives to combat violencehave been a priority on thepolitical agenda for a number ofyears, and in 2001 the various initiativesto prevent violence werebrought together in the CrimePrevention Council. A ViolencePrevention Unit with four membersof staff was set up within theCouncil.The first task of the Violence PreventionUnit was to formulate a strategy as thebasis for its work. A number of areas tofocus on were chosen:• Alcohol-related violenceand assault by young people• Violence against women• Violence in the home• Harassment in relationships• Work-related violence• People’s fear of violence and attack• Special initiatives to prevent violencein relation to ethnic minorities• Rape and sexual assault• Violence and aggression on the roadsIn 2001 the Violence Prevention Unitintroduced a multi-faceted, long-terminitiative on the attitudes and behaviourof young people to do with alcohol andnights out on the town. In co-operationwith external partners, guidelines weredrawn up for bars and other licensedpremises designed to optimise safety inthe nightlife for both young people andstaff. In addition a folder has been produced“A Guide To Party Organisers” –on how associations, outreach youth educationgroups and others can arrangeparties where violence and conflict areavoided. In 2002 the initiative has beenextended with an “Alcoviolence” campaignwith the slogan “Alcohol hits harderthan you think”.Prevention of violence in the workplace isanother working area with high priority.A handbook is planned for occupationalgroups who often meet violence andthreats in their work. The handbookwill primarily give instructions on whataction to take in specific situations, butit will also include explanatory modelsfrom the social sciences. It is designedfor both employees and security organisationsin workplaces. The handbookwill cover many particularly vulnerableoccupations such as those in transport,public offices, social services, healthand teaching. The handbook will bepublished at the end of 2002.An initiative has also been started toprevent violence against women and violencein the home. Part of the initiativeincluded participation in an expert groupunder the Information Centre for EqualOpportunities. This resulted in a researchbasedpublication on violence and genderin Denmark for the use of a Nordic Conferenceof Ministers in November 2001.Another part of the initiative includes cooperationwith the Equal OpportunitiesDepartment and the National Organisationof Women’s Crisis Centres; theidea is to start a debate in Denmarkon reducing the taboos that surroundviolence against women.The raw material of DenmarkIn 2001 the Council introduced thecampaign “The raw material of Denmark– young people in job training” whichmade a strong appeal to employers totake social responsibility and give marginalizedyoung people a real opportunityfor a new start. The basic idea wasthat young offenders should be given thechance to get their lives on a sensiblecourse with a steady job and positiveprospects. The campaign material wassent to about 30,000 small and mediumsizedbusinesses in trade.The campaign aroused a great deal of interest– but it quickly became apparentthat greater support was needed in thecontact stage between the employersand the young people, with monitoringand eventually with entering into agreementsbetween the employers and theyoung people. As a result, consultantThe brochure gives good adviceon arranging problem-free partiesfor large groups of youngpeople.“Society needs everyone” saysthe text on this drawing. TheCouncil has launched a campaignwhich calls on businessesto take social responsibility andgive marginalized young peoplea real chance on the labourmarket.19

support was purchased for the follow upand anchoring stages.The campaign consisted of the following:• A homepage,• A municipal data base with contactnames and people responsible in everymunicipality in the country – and withdescriptions of policies, projects andagreements in the area• A newsletter to be sent to those interestedby e-mail• Information folders including a printedmodel for a “Collaboration Agreement”.• A pilot project in collaboration with amunicipality on job training places for10-12 young people in the risk group• Contact with Hälsingborg in Swedenwho wanted inspiration for a similarprojectThe project was considered a successif just one young person got a job as adirect or indirect result of the campaign.According to the provisional reports, thisgoal has clearly been reached.Fair Fans CampaignThe Council is co-operating with SFF(Fan Club Association of the SuperLeague) and the Fair Play Committeeof DBU (Danish Ball Union) on theintroduction of a campaign on “fairplay on the terraces” to influence conductat football matches. The campaignwill make evident the opposition of themany well-functioning fans to violencein and around football matches. Thecampaign will consist of a number ofvisible elements such as banners atstadiums, advertisements in matchprogrammes, fan club member magazines,T-shirts and possibly a battlesong that is played at all stadiums justbefore the match and perhaps in thebreak at half-time.In addition, consideration is being givento setting up a “Fair Fan Prize” similar toDBU’s “Fair Play Prize” which is normallyawarded to the Super League teamthat over a whole season has receivedthe most points at evaluations. The “FairFan Prize” will be awarded to the fanclub that over a season has made a positiveimpression on the terraces and outsidethe stadium.The task group has almost finished developingthe initiative. The initiative issupported by the Players Association,the 12 fan clubs in the ScandinavianAirline Systems League, the 12 SASLeague football clubs, the DanishReferee Union and others.“Eurofan Seminar”The planning of the Fair Fan campaignled to the Council being invited to takepart and make a presentation at an internationalseminar in Belgium on the preventionof violence at football matches.The Crime Prevention Council has alsobeen invited to host the next Eurofanseminar in co-operation with the Secretariatof the Prevention of Football Violence.Work is being done to find suitable “Fanguides” to create a safe setting for theyoungest fans when they are spectatorsat the stadiums. Parents would then beable to arrange a meeting place with thefan guide who then takes the children tothe football match and looks after them.20

Technical security measuresA key area of the Council’s work isadvising on technical security measures.Technical security equipmentis used more and more to protectpeople and valuables against criminalactions.RobberiesOver the past few years there has beena severe increase in the number of bankrobberies and post office robberies inDenmark. Certain bank branches havebeen robbed so many times that staffhave refused to work there and that hasmeant closing the branches. The offendershave apparently also begun to go aftersmaller sums of money and to an increasingextent have carried out robberies ofshops, supermarkets and the like. Theuse of violence in connection with robberieshas increased and the violence hasbecome more brutal. The Council hasconsequently placed the prevention ofrobberies high on its agenda.Attacks on long-distancelorry driversLong-distance lorry drivers often runthe risk of being robbed on their waythrough Europe. A survey carried outin 2002 shows that one in four Danishlong-distance lorry drivers have beenattacked while abroad. In addition manydrivers involuntarily become drug couriersor involved in smuggling people.This happens when the driver pulls intoa lay-by for the night. Here the drugs orpeople are put on the lorry without thedriver knowing. The Council has beeninvolved in work with trade organisationsand others in order to discuss preventionmeasures for the long-distancelorry drivers.Car theftFrom 2001 all new cars sold in Denmarkare supplied with immobilisers, but thereare many older cars on the road that donot have immobilisers. This means that alarge number of cars continue to be stolen,but the number is expected to fall ascars are gradually replaced. A remarkablylarge number of cars disappear totally,and it is presumed that they havebeen taken out of the country. Insurancecompanies have traced certain cars tothe Middle East and eastern Europeancountries. Work is consequently beingcarried out with vehicle tracking equipmentin order to retrieve these cars.Neighbourhood Watch schemesBreak-ins and vandalism can be avoidedif neighbours in residential areas andhousing blocks agree to watch what isgoing on in the neighbourhood and keepan eye on each other’s homes on a dailybasis. This is the basic idea in givingadvice on Neighbourhood WatchSchemes. The Crime Prevention Councilhas given guidance to owner and tenantassociations on Neighbourhood WatchSchemes for many years, and the conceptis gradually becoming known andacknowledged in many places.CCTV SurveillanceThe Crime Prevention Councilhas published a folder onDanish attitudes to CCTVSurveillance. It touches on therelationship between the crimeprevention aspect of TV surveillance,on the one hand, andthat of the invasion of privacythrough being under surveillance,on the other. The surveyclearly shows that Danes acceptTV surveillance in publicplaces but not in places whereit seems an invasion of privacy.The folder has been translatedinto English: “CCTV Surveillance– Between preventionand privacy”.21

Big success with risk managementA risk management project in sevenmunicipalities has shown that a specificallydirected initiative can sharply reducebreak-ins, theft and vandalism inmunicipal buildings.The starting point of the tasks has typicallybeen a “Top Ten list” of reports ofbreak-ins, theft and vandalism in municipalbuildings and institutions. The localpolice have assembled the list. The “TopTen list” has been compared with anoverview of the claims picture from theinsurance company, after which the individualbuildings have been examinedfrom a security measure viewpoint.The examination is carried out by a “taskforce” made up of a risk coordinator, aconsultant from the Council and often acivil emergency leader from the technicaladministration of the municipality.The leader and the caretaker of the institutionare present during the examination.Here the tactical and technical securitymeasures of the building are inspected,and advice is given on such things asmaking the perimeter secure, locks andsecurity fittings, PC theft proofing andsecurity marking, and alarms.It has been an important factor that the“task force” has gained basic informationabout technical and tactical securitymeasures. The objective has been thatfrom now on they will be able to do specificfollow-up work and evaluation andto a certain degree be resourceful inother, lesser tasks concerning securitymeasures for the municipal buildings.Results from Holbæk Municipality:• the loss ratio on movables / theft has fallenby 89.21% from 1998 to 2000.• the number of claims for movables /theft has fallen by 33.82% from 1998to 2000.• an exceptionally sharp fall in the numberof break-ins can be documented.Results fromHundested Municipality:an exceptionally sharp fall in the numberof break-ins can be documented:1998: 46 break-ins1999: 39 break-ins2000: 14 break-ins2001: 1 break-insFigures for 2001 refer to the period 1/1 – 31/5Results from Hundested Municipality50 46break-ins40302010039break-ins14break-ins1break-ins1998 1999 2000 2001Figures for 2001 refer to the period 1/1 – 31/5Feedback from the municipalities in theproject has been very positive regardingthe form and organisation of the work.The municipalities can document a sharpfall in insurance claims and compensation,and the project can be described asextremely successful.Risk management paysMunicipalities that have taken specificmeasures against break-ins, theft andvandalism in municipal buildings reporta sharp fall in insurance claims and compensation.22

The amount of compensation inDanish Kroner paid out over theyears:1998: 82 claims - DKK 489,203 paid out1999: 55 claims - DKK 153,356 paid out2000: 39 claims - DKK 147,163 paid out2001: 38 claims - DKK 0 paid outFigures for 2001 refer to the period 1/1 – 31/5Results fromFrederiksværk Municipality:1998: 82 claims - DKK 648,000 paid out1999: 55 claims - DKK 647,000 paid out2000: 39 claims - DKK 342,000 paid out2001: 38 claims - DKK 513,000 paid outFigures for 2001 refer to the period 1/1 – 31/5the amount of compensationin Danish Kroner paid out over the years:Results from Frederiksværk Municipality500.000489,203 kr.400.000300.000200.000100.000153,356 kr. 147,163 kr.700.000600.000500.000400.000300.000200.000100.00082 claims 55 claims39 claims38 claims00 kr.1998 1999 2000 200101998 1999 2000 2001Figures for 2001 refer to the period 1/1 – 31/5 Figures for 2001 refer to the period 1/1 – 31/5A fall from 1998 to 2001 of 20.8% in paymentsand 53.7% in the number ofclaims. Fewer break-ins but larger compensationpayments in connection with claimswhere there are poor security measures.The results from the municipalities cannotbe directly compared because theanalyses and handling of figures havebeen made in different ways. However,the figures from the various places dosend a clear message: risk managementpays.23

Other activitiesThe ability of children and adultsto face conflict and resolve it in anappropriate way is at the heart oftwo major development projects inthe Council. “The social life of theschool” is about improving the socialclimate in schools, and “Restorativejustice” is about giving victim andoffender a chance to talk throughwhat happened.The social life of the schoolWell-being at school is an essential preconditionfor the well-being of childrenin general. The two-year project “Thesocial life of the school” should give pupilsbetter opportunities to share responsibilityfor well-being and fellowship inthe classroom by learning how to dealwith everyday conflicts in a constructiveway. A good social base in school canlay the foundations of a good, profitablelearning environment for many pupils.The objective is to develop competentconduct in pupils – the effect of whichobjective reaches out beyond the school.Teachers and SFO educationalists atthree trial schools have taken a trainingcourse where they have worked withhandling conflict, mediating in schools,communication and setting social limits.It quickly became apparent during thecourse that teachers found the training,to a great extent, opened up new possibilitiesfor work with their pupils. Thiswas in part due to an increased awarenessof the consequences various formsof communication have; and in part itwas due to the course enhancing theirability to act as mediators in minor andserious conflicts.The teachers are now in the process oftrying out the subject matter and toolsfrom the course with their pupils so thatby working together they can graduallyintegrate aspects of competent conductinto the culture of the school.The experience gained in the projectperiod will form the basis of inspirationmaterial, which is expected to be readyat the turn of the year 2002/2003. Thematerial can be used by schools whowould like to work in a more specificway with the social life of the school.Victim-Offender Mediation (VOM)Three police districts in Denmark aretaking part in a trial scheme with VOMin which victim and offender meet faceto face and – supported by a mediator –talk through what happened. The trialperiod formally ends in June 2002, afterwhich the Danish parliament must decidewhether the scheme is to continue– and possibly made permanent and24

nationwide. VOM is a suppliment toordinary legal Prosecution.In the four-year trial period, more than130 cases have been mediated, and theresults are promising. A midway-evaluationshows that 9 out of 10 people whohave taken part in VOM and have filledin a questionnaire consider it to havebeen successful or very successful.VOM can play a part in helping victimsto get on with their lives after being subjectedto a crime, and offenders areoffered a chance to lighten up theirconsciences and atone.On an international level, mediation inPenal matters has been in focus formany years. The Council of the EuropeanUnion has made a framework decisionon the position of victims. Accordingto this, member countries shouldseek to promote mediation in Penal mattersin offences where it is consideredappropriate. The decision must be incorporatedinto national legislation before22 March 2006.The EU framework decision is based,among other things, on the recommendationof the Council of Europe on mediationin Penal matters from 1999. Therecommendation has been translatedinto Danish by the Crime PreventionCouncil so it can be included in the parliamentarydiscussions on the future ofVOM in Denmark when the trial periodends in 2002.Safe ChatThe safety of children when chattingon the internet was the subject of acampaign developed for the first timein the year 2000. The first materialswere for children and were designed toteach them some basic rules for avoidingunpleasant situations after chatting.Later the campaign was extended in cooperationwith Save The ChildrenDenmark – this time to inform parentshow they could encourage their childrenin good chatting habits. Many childrenknow the rules for safe chatting whichinclude such things as not giving personaldetails and not meeting a friend froma chat site for the first time alone. Butthings go wrong for some children anyway.So the objective was to encourageparents to talk to their children about theadvice so that good habits are developed.A small survey was made on the campaign’shome page for safe chatting inthe first two weeks after it was set up.In this survey, over half of the 2,753 childrenand young people under 18 years ofage stated that when chatting they hadhad unpleasant experiences in the formof sexual comments or offers of sex. 5%stated that they had had an unpleasantexperience when they met a friend froma chat site.Surveys from the USA and Englandshow that 20% of children who chat areoffered sex or experience some otherform of harassment on the internet.Elements of the Safe Chatting campaign:• Folders for parents (distributed to allchildren in Grades 5 – 9)• The home page www.sikkerchat.dkwith information for both childrenand adults• Newspaper advertisements• Radio spots – broadcast on variousyouth channels• Co-operation with chat site providersto publicise the rules• Posters for schools, libraries andinternet cafes.In the summer of 2002, the campaignhas been supplemented with educationalmaterials for schoolteachers and youthclub leaders who would like to take thesubject up with children. The materialsinclude task sheets and sound spots withtrue stories.MODELFOTOCAMILLA 12 ÅR:”SKAL VI MØDES?”Det er sjovt at møde andre unge på nettet. Det er bare ikke dem alle, der er lige sjove i virkeligheden.Det er dig, der bestemmer!www.sikkerchat.dkThe Safe Chat campaignincludes folders, posters andpostcards. On the picture itsays: “Camilla, 12 years old –Shall we meet?” The subheadingis: “It’s fun meeting otheryoung people on the internet,it’s just that not all of them arefun in reality”.The first Safe Chat campaignfrom year 2000 was made toteach children some basic chatrules.25

The Council at festivalsFor the last two years, the Crime PreventionCouncil has been invited to RoskildeMusic Festival in order to advise oncrime prevention. In addition to attractingyoung people in party spirits, such festivalsunfortunately also attract variousforms of criminal activity.Theft from tents has been one of themain problems, which the festival committeewould like to do something about.Festival guests are consequently urgednot to leave money, credit cards or mobilephones in their tents. The Council hasat the same time tried to sell the idea of“Neighbourhood Watch” in the campingarea – the idea is to get people in theneighbouring tent to keep an eye on thearea while you yourself are at the festivalground.The Council recommendations to the festivalcommittee are thus chiefly concernedwith getting the festival guests themselvesto be better at looking after their property.The arrangers can help with this, for exampleby selling money belts, neck pursesand small padlocks for tents with the tickets.Information can also be displayed onthe large screens and information boards,showing how to avoid being robbed andbeing a victim of other crimes. The Councilis working on plans to extend the recommendationsto other festivals.Fred’s fencing shop– a campaign to prevent handling of stolen goodsTo fight the crime of handling stolen goods(“fencing”) which is an increasing problemin Denmark, the Crime Prevention Council,the Danish Insurance Association andthe police joined forces and launched thecampaign Fred’s Fencing Shop.The campaign aimed at changing theattitude and behaviour of the primarytarget group, consisting of adults between25 and 50 years of age, and thesecondary target group, young people.The purpose was to engage people indiscussions about morality, theft and“fencing” thereby creating an understandingof how “fencing” relates to theft.Fred and his “fencing” shop was thesymbol which, with a touch of humouras well as a serious undertone, shouldattract the desired publicity and attention.Instead of reprimanding the public,the campaign invited people to reflectupon their own experiences with episodesinvolving handling of stolen goods.The campaign was quite intensive andvisible, and its obvious humour andirony certainly made an impact throughTV spots, bus streamers, posters insidethe buses, a door-to-door distributednewspaper, free postcards displayed inbars, cafés etc., and video monitorsplaced in shops and banks. In additionFred had, and still has, his own homepage:*), just as the “fencing”shop – an old caravan painted black– was parked in several places aroundtown during the campaign.Staff from the Crime Prevention Council,the Danish Insurance Association and thelocal police all took turns manning thecaravan in order to respond to enquiriesand to debate the issue of “fencing” withthe citizens in the two cities, Aalborg andAarhus, covered so far by the campaign.*) In Danish, Fred is called Henry26

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